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The Third Manifesto

The Third Manifesto is Christopher J. Date's and Hugh Darwen's proposal for future database management systems, a response to two earlier Manifestos with the same purpose; the theme of the manifestos is how to avoid the "object-relational impedance mismatch" between object-oriented programming languages and relational database management systems. The Third Manifesto proposes to maintain the relational model for databases and to support objects as user-defined types. A major theme of the manifesto is to explain how the inadequacies of existing relational database management systems are not shortcomings of the relational database model per se, but rather, of implementation decisions in those systems, of the SQL query language that most of these systems use; the manifesto describes an alternative to SQL, named D. D is a specification of desirable characteristics of a database language, rather than a specific syntax or grammar; as such, it describes a family of languages rather than any particular language.

However, as an example, a particular member of the hypothetical D "family" called Tutorial D is described in detail, including significant portions of its grammar. Several partial implementations of D exist, including: Alphora Dataphor, an open source product which implements the language D4 atop SQL databases. Rel, an open source implementation of Tutorial D in Java. Muldis D, an open source programming language with several implementations, in Perl and C# Project M36 Darwen, Hugh. J.. "The third manifesto". ACM SIGMOD Record. New York, NY, USA: ACM Press. 24: 39–49. Doi:10.1145/202660.202667. ISSN 0163-5808. Archived from the original on 2006-12-05. Date, C. J.. "Preview of The Third Manifesto". Database Programming & Design. San Francisco, CA: Miller Freeman Publications. 11: 67. ISSN 0895-4518. OCLC 89297479. Retrieved 2007-06-18. Date, C. J.. Foundation for object/relational databases: the third manifesto: a detailed study of the impact of objects and type theory on the relational model of data including a comprehensive proposal for type inheritance.

Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Xxi, 496. ISBN 0-201-30978-5. LCCN 98010364. OCLC 38431501. LCC QA76.9. D3 D15994 1998. Date, C. J.. Foundation for future database systems: the third manifesto: a detailed study of the impact of type theory on the relational model of data, including a comprehensive model of type inheritance. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Professional. Xxiii, 547. ISBN 0-201-70928-7. LCCN 00035527. OCLC 43662285. LCC QA76.9. D3 D3683 2000. Date, C. J.. Databases and the relational model: the third manifesto. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Pp. 572. ISBN 0-321-39942-0. OCLC 70044091. Official website - including errata, related materials, a PDF version of The Third Manifesto. PDF version of the February 7, 2013 version of The Third Manifesto

Preston Community School District

Preston Community School District was a school district consisting of a school in Preston, Iowa. As of 2005-2006 the district had 31 teachers. By 2012 there were discussions on merging with the East Central Community School District, Robert Lagerblade, the superintendent of the Preston district, presented a report stating that there would be a better financial system. Voters in both districts approved the merger, by 776-122 in the Preston district and 620-598 in the East Central district. On July 1, 2013, East Central merged with the Preston district to form the Easton Valley Community School District; the Easton Valley leadership was to retain the usage of both school facilities in Preston. Preston Community School District at the Wayback Machine Preston Community School District at the Wayback Machine

Leonora Bilger

Leonora Bilger was an American chemist who studied nitrogenous compounds. She was a noted teacher and administrator at the University of Hawaii for the majority of her career. Bilger was born Leonora Neuffer on 3 February 1893, in Massachusetts, her father was George Neuffer and her mother was Elizabeth Neuffer. When she was about 7, her family moved to Cincinnati, where Bilger attended elementary and secondary schools. Before 1929, she married a professor at the University of Cincinnati, she died on 19 February 1975, 82 years old. Bilger matriculated at the University of Cincinnati in 1909 and earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Chemistry in 1913, as well as her master's degree in 1914. In 1916, Bilger received her Ph. D in chemistry from the University of Cincinnati, where she would work. Shortly after receiving her Ph. D. Bilger became the head of Sweet Briar College's Department of Chemistry, a position she held for two years. In 1919, she returned to her alma mater's department of chemistry, where she stayed for 10 years.

Bilger spent a year from 1924–25 at Newnham College Cambridge University as a Sarah Berliner Fellow. After her stint at the University of Cincinnati and her husband moved to the University of Hawaii's Department of Chemistry, where she would stay the rest of her professional career, she was held that position for 11 years. In 1960, she retired and became a professor emerita at the university until 1964, when she retired fully. During her time at the University of Hawaii, she designed their new chemistry laboratory. Completed in 1951, the 70,000 square-foot facility cost $1.5 million and was named after the Bilgers in 1959. Bilger's studies of nitrogenous compounds began with her thesis work, which concerned hydroxylamines and hydroxamic acids; when she returned to the University of Cincinnati's chemistry department, she was tasked with directing its research. She herself studied asymmetric nitrogenous chemicals during this time. Bilger continued this research at the University of Hawaii, she allocated more time to teaching and administrative duties.

Her research concerned the toxicity of cancer-fighting chemicals. She examined the sterols found in tropical oils, pigments in red peppers. In 1953, Bilger was the recipient of the Garvan-Olin Medal, awarded by the American Chemical Society, she earned this honor for her work with asymmetric nitrogen compounds. The medal, first given in 1936, is awarded to women who have made significant contributions to the field of chemistry, she was the New York Academy of Sciences. Citations ReferencesOakes, Elizabeth H. International Encyclopedia of Women Scientists, New York: Facts On File, ISBN 0-8160-4381-7 Ogilvie, Marilyn.

List of lakes of Denmark

This list of lakes of Denmark includes the largest lakes in Denmark Denmark has 120,000 lakes and ponds with an area of 0.1 hectares and more. Of these, 1,032 lakes have an official name. Arresø Arreskov Lake Bagsværd Sø Barup Sø Bastrup Sø Bechers Sø Brokholm Sø Buresø Bølling Sø Damhus Sø Donssøerne Dybesø Emdrup Lake Esrum Sø FarumFerring Sø Filsø Fuglsang Sø Furesø Fussing Sø Fårup Sø Gentofte Lake Gribsø Grynderup Sø Gråsten Slotssø Gurre Sø Gødstrup Sø Haderslev Dam Hald Sø Hampen Sø Hejrede Sø Hinge Sø Horn Sø Hovedsø Hunesø Jystrup Sø Karlsgårde Sø Kilen Klejtrup Sø Legind Sø Louns Sø Lund Fjord Lyngby Sø Madum Maribosøerne Nordborg Sø Nors Sø Nørresø Nørresø Oldenor Ring Sø Røgbølle Sø Rørbæk Sø Sjælsø Sjørring Sø Slivsø Solbjerg Engsø Stadil Fjord Store Grankule Store Kattinge Sø Stubbe Sø Sunds Sø Søby Sø Søbygård Sø Søerne Sønder Lem Vig Søndersø Søndersø Søndersø Teglgård Sø Tissø Tjele Langsø Tofte Sø Tuelsø Tversted-søerne Tystrup Sø Uglesø Vandet Sø Vandkraftsøen Vedsø Vejlesø Vessø Viborgsøerne Vilsted Sø56+5+ List of forests in Denmark

The Real One

The Real One is the eighth and final studio album by Miami-based hip hop group 2 Live Crew. It was released on April 7, 1998 via Lil' Joe Records and, with the absence of Mr. Mixx, was produced by various producers; the album peaked at #59 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. By the time of this album, Mr. Mixx had again left the group and shortly after the release of this album, Brother Marquis left as well, its single "2 Live Party" featuring KC of KC and the Sunshine Band and Freak Nasty peaked at #52 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and #9 on the Hot Rap Songs, title single "The Real One" featuring Ice-T peaked at #60 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and #9 on the Hot Rap Songs. "The New 2 Live Crew – The Real One". at Discogs

Henry Chichele

Henry Chichele was Archbishop of Canterbury and founded All Souls College, Oxford. Chichele was born at Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire, in 1363 or 1364, he was the third and youngest son of Thomas Chicheley, who appears in 1368 in still extant town records of Higham Ferrers, as a suitor in the mayor's court, in 1381–1382, again in 1384–1385, was mayor: in fact, for a dozen years he and Henry Barton, schoolmaster of Higham Ferrers grammar school, one Richard Brabazon, filled the mayoralty in turns. Thomas Chichele's occupation does not appear but his eldest son, William, is on the earliest extant list of the Grocers' Company, London. On 9 June 1405 Henry Chichele was admitted, in succession to his father, to a burgage in Higham Ferrers, his mother, Agnes Pincheon, is said to have been of gentle birth. There is therefore no foundation in fact for the account that he was picked up, as a poor ploughboy "eating his scanty meal off his mother's lap", by William of Wykeham; this story was unknown to Arthur Duck, Fellow of All Souls, who wrote Chichele's life in 1617.

The first recorded appearance of Chichele himself is at New College, Oxford, as Checheley, eighth among the undergraduate fellows, in July 1387, in the earliest extant hall-book, which contains weekly lists of those dining in Hall. It is clear from Chichele's position in the list, with eleven fellows and eight scholars, or probationer fellows, below him, that this entry does not mark his first appearance in the college, going on since 1375 at least, was chartered in 1379, he must have come from Winchester College in one of the earliest batches of scholars from that college, the sole feeder of New College, not from St John Baptist College, Winchester, as guessed by Hunt 1887, p. 226 to cover the mistaken supposition that St Mary's College was not founded till 1393. St Mary's College was in fact formally founded in 1382, the school had been going on since 1373, while no such college as St John's College at Winchester existed. Chichele appears in the Hall-books of New College up to the year 1392/93, when he was a B.

A. and was absent for ten weeks from about 6 December to 6 March for the purpose of his ordination as a sub-deacon, performed by the bishop of Derry, acting as suffragan to the bishop of London. He was already beneficed, receiving a royal ratification of his estate as parson of Llanvarchell in the diocese of St Asaph on 20 March 1391/92. In the Hall-book, marked 1393/94, but for 1394/95, Chicheley's name does not appear, he had left Oxford and gone up to London to practise as an advocate in the principal ecclesiastical court, the Court of Arches. His rise was rapid. On 8 February 1395/96 he was, on a commission with several knights and clerks to hear an appeal in a case of John Molton, Esquire v. John Shawe, citizen of London, from Sir John Cheyne kt. sitting for the constable of England in a court of chivalry. Like other ecclesiastical lawyers and civil servants of the day Chichele was paid with ecclesiastical preferments. On 13 April 1396, he obtained ratification of the parsonage of St Stephen's, presented on 30 March by the abbot of Colchester, no doubt through his brother Robert, who restored the church and increased its endowment.

In 1397 he was made archdeacon of Dorset by Richard Mitford, bishop of Salisbury, but litigation was still going on about it in the papal court until 27 June 1399, when the pope extinguished the suit, imposing perpetual silence on Nicholas Bubwith, master of the rolls, his opponent. In the first year of Henry IV Chicheley was parson of Sherston and prebendary of Nantgwyly in the college of Abergwilly, Wales; this year Chichele's brother Robert was senior sheriff of London. On 7 May 1404, Pope Boniface IX provided him to a prebend at Lincoln, notwithstanding he held prebends at Salisbury, Lichfield, St Martins-le-Grand and Abergwyly, the living of Brington. On 9 January 1405 he found time to attend a court at Higham Ferrers and be admitted to a burgage there. In July 1405 Chicheley began a diplomatic career by a mission to the new Roman Pope Innocent VII, professing his desire to end the schism in the papacy by resignation, if his French rival at Avignon would do likewise. Next year, on 5 October 1406, he was sent with Sir John Cheyne to Paris to arrange a lasting peace and the marriage of Prince Henry with the French princess Marie, frustrated by her becoming a nun at Poissy next year.

In 1406 renewed efforts were made to stop the schism, Chichele was one of the envoys sent to the new Pope Gregory XII. Here he utilised his opportunities. On 31 August 1407 Guy Mone, bishop of St David's, on 12 October 1407 Chichele was by the pope provided to the bishopric of St David's. Another bull the same day gave him the right to hold all his benefices with the bishopric, he was consecrated on 17 June 1408. At Siena in July 1408 he and Sir John Cheyne, as English envoys, were received by Gregory XII with special honour, Bishop Repingdon of