Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly newspaper reporting on theater and vaudeville. In 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles. Variety.com features breaking entertainment news, box office results, cover stories, photo galleries and more, plus a credits database, production charts and calendar, with archive content dating back to 1905. Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering theater and vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. Sime was fired by The Morning Telegraph in 1905 for panning an act which had taken out an advert for $50, said that it looked like he would have to start his own paper in order to be able to tell the truth. With a loan of $1,500 from his father-in-law, he launched Variety as editor. In addition to Sime's former employer The Morning Telegraph, other major competitors on launch were The New York Clipper and the New York Dramatic Mirror.
The original cover design, similar to the current design, was sketched by Edgar M. Miller, a scenic painter, who refused payment; the front cover contained pictures of the original editorial staff, who were Alfred Greason, Epes W Sargeant and Joshua Lowe, as well as Sime. The first issue contained a review by Sime's son Sidne known as Skigie, claimed to be the youngest critic in the world at seven years old. In 1922, Sime acquired The New York Clipper, reporting on the stage and other entertainment since 1853 and folded it two years merging some of its features into Variety. In 1922, Sime launched the Times Square Daily, which he referred to as "the world's worst daily" and soon scrapped. During that period, Variety staffers worked on all three papers. After the launch of The Hollywood Reporter in 1930, which Variety sued for alleged plagiarism in 1932, Sime launched Daily Variety in 1933, based in Hollywood, with Arthur Ungar as the editor, it replaced Variety Bulletin, issued in Hollywood on Fridays.
Daily Variety was published every day other than Sunday but on Monday to Friday. Ungar was editor until 1950, followed by Joe Schoenfeld and Thomas M. Pryor, succeeded by his son Pete; the Daily and the Weekly were run as independent newspapers, with the Daily concentrating on Hollywood news and the Weekly on U. S. and International coverage. Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931. Green remained as editor from 1931 until his death in 1973. Sime's son Sidne succeeded him as publisher of both publications. Following his death from tuberculosis in 1950, his only son Syd Silverman, was the sole heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc. until 1956. After that date Syd Silverman managed the company as publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to Cahners Publishing for $64 million, he remained as publisher until 1990 when he was succeeded on Weekly Variety by Gerard A. Byrne and on Daily Variety by Sime's great grandson, Michael Silverman.
Syd became chairman of both publications. In 1953, Army Archerd's "Just for Variety" column appeared on page two of Daily Variety and swiftly became popular in Hollywood. Archerd broke countless exclusive stories, reporting from film sets, announcing pending deals, giving news of star-related hospitalizations and births; the column appeared daily for 52 years until September 1, 2005. On December 7, 1988, the editor, Roger Watkins and oversaw the transition to four-color print. Upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front; the old front-page box advertisement was replaced by a strip advertisement, along with the first photos published in Variety since Sime gave up using them in the old format in 1920: they depicted Sime and Syd. For twenty years from 1989 its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times.
In April 2009, Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterized online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter and editor positions in the newsroom. In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, sold the publication to Penske Media Corporation. PMC is the owner of Deadline Hollywood, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October 2012, Jay Penske, Chairman and CEO of PMC, announced that the website's paywall would come down, the print publication would stay, he would invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall. In March 2013, Variety owner Jay Penske appointed three co-editors to oversee different parts of the publication's industry coverage; the decision was made to stop printing Daily Variety with the last printed edition published on March 19, 2013 with the headline "Variety A
Broadway Video is an American multimedia entertainment studio founded by Lorne Michaels, creator of the sketch comedy TV series Saturday Night Live and producer of other television programs and movies. Lorne Michaels, who launched Saturday Night Live in 1975, produced several television specials under the banner of Above Average Productions before incorporating Broadway Video in 1979. Michaels took the company’s name from its location at 1619 Broadway in the historic Brill Building in New York, New York; the company’s principal activity was videotape post-production. One of its main clients was NBC, which hired Michaels to produce and edit Best of Saturday Night specials that aired in prime time; the specials and other comedy and musical projects helped Broadway Video grow “from a one-room operation into a first-class production company, the foundation of a small empire.”Broadway Video “prospered” by moving into home entertainment and international syndication. With offices in New York and Los Angeles, the company has continued to develop films and TV programming.
Its sitcom, 30 Rock, ran for seven seasons between 2006 and 2013. Besides SNL, its current TV productions include The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, Late Night with Seth Meyers, Portlandia, The Awesomes, Man Seeking Woman, The Maya Rudolph Show; the company’s Above Average Productions distributes its own original digital shorts, those of others, on one of YouTube’s leading comedy networks. Broadway Video Enterprises develops branded entertainment. Broadway Video Ventures invests in emerging technology and entertainment companies. Broadway Video Television produces primetime and late night programming, its flagship show, Saturday Night Live, where Michaels remains Executive Producer, begins its 43rd season in September 2017. Michaels has served as Executive Producer of NBC’s Late Night franchise for more than two decades – producing Late Night With Conan O’Brien, Late Night With Jimmy Fallon, Late Night With Seth Meyers. In 2014, Michaels took on the role of Executive Producer of The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon.
Since 2011, Broadway Video has produced Portlandia, the Peabody-winning IFC series created by Fred Armisen, Carrie Brownstein, Jonathan Krisel. The show, renewed for a fifth season, is distributed in 91 nations; the company’s animated series, The Awesomes, created by Seth Meyers and Mike Shoemaker, premiered on Hulu in 2013 and is now in its second season. Mulaney, set to air on Fox in the fall of 2014, stars comedian John Mulaney, Slated to air on the FXX channel is Man Seeking Woman, based on Last Girlfriend on Earth by Simon Rich. Ordered by IFC for 2015 is Documentary Now, created by Fred Armisen, Bill Hader, Seth Meyers; the Maya Rudolph Show, a variety show starring the former SNL cast-member, aired on NBC on May 19, 2014. 30 Rock is in syndication. Michaels has developed and produced such films as Mean Girls, Tommy Boy and Wayne's World, among other titles, his SNL Studios productions have included The Ladies Man, A Night at the Roxbury. Michaels’ co-productions with John Goldwyn include The Guilt Trip, MacGruber, Baby Mama.
In production are Staten Island Summer, written by Colin Jost and directed by Rhys Thomas and a Goldwyn-Michaels comedy based on the 1997 Loomis Fargo Robbery in North Carolina, due to feature Owen Wilson, Zach Galifianakis, Kristen Wiig, Jason Sudeikis. Broadway Video revived the Above Average name in June 2012, when it created a division for producing digital content; the company distributes original comedy shorts via its website, AboveAverage.com, the Above Average network on YouTube. As of 2014, the network featured over 50 channel partners, including such comedy troupes as the Upright Citizens Brigade, The Lonely Island, Good Neighbor, POYKPAC, BriTANicK, its videos feature current and former Saturday Night Live cast members such as Vanessa Bayer, Kristen Wiig, Jay Pharoah, Jason Sudeikis, Taran Killam, Kate McKinnon as well as up-and-coming comedians. Among the network’s most viewed web series are 7 Minutes in Heaven with Mike O’Brien and "Waco Valley," an animated series that received a pilot order from the Comedy Central network.
Above Average Productions creates promotional entertainment for client companies, including Hasbro, Fox Digital Studios, Random House, Sprint, NBC, Conde Nast Entertainment, Nickelodeon. In October 2015, Above Average partnered with SNL co-head writer Bryan Tucker to launch a new sports comedy brand, The Kicker; the Kicker creates original sports comedy videos, articles and digital content that are similar in tone to that of Above Average. Broadway Video Enterprises manages the distribution and licensing of Broadway Video Entertainment’s properties; the company’s library contains over 1,000 hours of programming including Saturday Night Live, The Awesomes, Above Average webisodes, The Kids in the Hall, The Best of the Blues Brothers, All You Need Is Cash, musical performances by Neil Young, Randy Newman, The Beach Boys. The division has syndicated episodes of "Saturday Night Live" in over 200 countries and has licensed the "SNL" format in Italy, Japan, Brazil, Canada, France and Germany; the SNL consumer products line offers several hundred items, including over 100 DVDs.
The Enterprises division has engineered advertising and promotions for brands such as AT&T, Old Navy, Jeep. Broadway Video Ventures invests in and partners with emerging media and technology firms that compliment
Tracy Jamel Morgan is an American actor, voice actor, comedian best known for his seven seasons as a cast member on Saturday Night Live and 30 Rock. He was nominated for an Emmy Award in 2009 for his work on 30 Rock, he has appeared in numerous films as an voice actor. Morgan was raised in Tompkins Houses in Bedford Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, he is the second of five children of a homemaker and Jimmy Morgan, a musician who returned from military duty in the Vietnam War as a recovering heroin addict, causing him to leave the family when Morgan was six years old. His father named him Tracy in honor of a platoon mate and friend who shipped off to Vietnam with him and was killed in action days later; the target of bullies as a child, Morgan attended DeWitt Clinton High School. In 1985, at age 17 in his second year, he learned his father had contracted AIDS from hypodermic needle use, his father died in November 1987, at age 39. Morgan married his girlfriend Sabina that year and dropped out of high school just four credits short of his diploma to care for his ailing father.
Raising their first son and living on welfare, Morgan sold crack cocaine with limited success, but began earning money performing comedy on the streets after his best friend was murdered. He said in 2009: "He would say to me,'Yo, man, you should be doing comedy.' A week he was murdered. And that for me, like my Vietnam. I had my survival guilt. Why I made it out and some guys didn't."Morgan embarked on a stand-up comedy career enough that he "finally moved to a nice community in Riverdale, from a run-down apartment next to Yankee Stadium in the Bronx". Morgan made his screen debut playing Hustle Man on the television show Martin; the character sold various items from the "hood", always greeting people with his trademark "What's happ'n, chief?", had a pet dog he dressed as a rapper. In the 2003 Chris Rock film Head of State, Morgan appeared as a man watching television questioning why they are not watching Martin. Morgan was a regular cast member on Uptown Comedy Club, a sketch-comedy show filmed in Harlem that aired for two seasons, from 1992 to 1994.
He was on the HBO series Snaps in 1995. He appeared twice on HBO's Def Comedy Jam. Morgan joined the cast of the comedy series Saturday Night Live in 1996 and performed as a regular until 2003, he returned to host on March 14, 2009, reprised his roles as Brian Fellow and Astronaut Jones. He made a guest appearance on the 2011 Christmas show, hosted by Jimmy Fallon, hosted again on October 17, 2015. From 2006 to 2013, Morgan was a cast member of the television series 30 Rock, playing the character Tracy Jordan, a caricature of himself, his work on 30 Rock was well-received, he was nominated for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series at the 2009 Emmy Awards. In 2018, Morgan began starring in The Last O. G. Morgan had his own sitcom, The Tracy Morgan Show, in 2003, canceled after one season. Morgan appeared in One Mic, on Comedy Central, he hosted the first Spike Guys' Choice Awards, which aired on June 13, 2007. In 2003, he was on an episode of Punk'd, he can be heard as Spoonie Luv on the Comedy Central program Crank Yankers and as Woof in the animated series Where My Dogs At?.
Morgan acted in commercials for ESPN NFL 2K, ESPN NBA 2K, ESPN NHL 2K, co-starring with Warren Sapp, Ben Wallace and Jeremy Roenick. He appeared in Adam Sandler's film The Longest Yard as a transgender inmate. Morgan has hosted the VH1 Hip Hop Honors for two consecutive years, hosted the 2013 Billboard Music Awards. Morgan appeared in two episodes of the Animal Planet series Tanked, first having a Jaws-themed shark tank built in the basement of his house having a replacement tank built for his giant Pacific octopus. In December 2015, he starred in a comedic Beats by Dre commercial. Morgan has given Carol Burnett, Jackie Gleason, Martin Lawrence, Eddie Murphy, Richard Pryor as among his primary comedic influences. On October 20, 2009, Morgan's autobiography, I Am the New Black, was released; the book includes stories about living in Tompkins Projects in Bed-Stuy, Brooklyn, to becoming a cast member on Saturday Night Live. Morgan appeared on National Public Radio's Fresh Air hosted by Terry Gross, at times becoming emotional about his former life in a New York ghetto.
While in high school, Morgan married his girlfriend Sabina in 1987. They have three sons together. Morgan filed for divorce in August 2009, after having been separated for eight years. Morgan credits one of his sons with having saved him from his alcoholism. Morgan said in 2009, "I'm estranged from my own mother and most of my family, I'm not sure that's going to change much."In September 2011, on the red carpet at the Emmy Awards, Morgan announced he and model Megan Wollover had become engaged six months earlier in San Francisco. Their first child, daughter Maven, was born in New York City on July 2, 2013. Morgan and Wollover married on August 23, 2015. In 1996, Morgan for years has struggled with alcohol abuse. With his consent, many of his own troubles were incorporated within 30 Rock episodes. In early December 2010, Morgan received a kidney transplant necessitated by his diabetes and alcohol abuse. Morgan admitted that he did not take his diabetes but realised the care for it would end up being a matter of life and death.
On June 7, 2014, Morgan was a passenger in a Mercedes Sprinter minibus involved in a six-vehicle crash in New Jersey. Just
Lorne Michaels, is a Canadian-American television producer, writer and comedian best known for creating and producing Saturday Night Live and producing the Late Night series, The Kids in the Hall and The Tonight Show. Lorne Michaels was born on November 1944, to Florence and Henry Abraham Lipowitz, his place of birth is disputed. Michaels and his two younger siblings were raised in Toronto, he graduated from University College, where he majored in English, in 1966. Michaels became a US citizen in 1987 and was inducted into the Order of Canada in 2002. Michaels has been married three times. During the early 1960s, he began a relationship with Rosie Shuster, daughter of Frank Shuster of the Wayne and Shuster comedy team, who worked with him on Saturday Night Live as a writer. Michaels and Shuster were married in 1971 and divorced in 1980, he married model Susan Forristal in 1981, which ended in divorce in 1987. Michaels married his current wife and former assistant, Alice Barry, in 1991. Michaels is Jewish.
Michaels began his career as a broadcaster for CBC Radio. He moved to Los Angeles from Toronto in 1968 to work as a writer for Laugh-In and The Beautiful Phyllis Diller Show, he starred with Hart Pomerantz in The Hart and Lorne Terrific Hour, a Canadian comedy series which ran in the early 1970s. In 1975 Michaels created the TV show NBC's Saturday Night, which in 1977 changed its name to Saturday Night Live; the show, performed live in front of a studio audience established a reputation for being cutting-edge and unpredictable. It became a vehicle for launching the careers of some of the most successful comedians in the United States; the producer of the show, Michaels was a writer and became executive producer. He appears on-screen as well, where he is known for his deadpan humor. Throughout the show's history, SNL has been nominated for more than 156 Emmy Awards and has won 36, it has been one of the highest-rated late-night television programs. Michaels has been with SNL for all seasons except for his hiatus in the early 1980s.
His daughter, has appeared in episodes, one of, during the show's 30th season hosted by Johnny Knoxville during the monologue when Lorne introduces Johnny Knoxville to his daughter and Sophie shocks Knoxville with a taser. She appeared in a sketch about underage drinking when Zac Efron hosted the show. Michaels's best-known appearance occurred in the first season when he offered the Beatles $3,000 to reunite on the show, he upped his offer to $3,200, but the money was never claimed. According to an interview in Playboy magazine, John Lennon and Paul McCartney happened to be in New York City that night and wanted to see the show, they nearly went, but changed their minds as it was getting too late to get to the show on time, they were both tired. This near-reunion was the basis for the TV movie Two of Us. On the November 20, 1976 show, musical guest George Harrison appeared, but Michaels told him the offer was conditioned on all four members of the group showing up, not just any Beatle. Harrison tells Michaels his refusal to pay him his share is "chintzy," and Michaels counters by saying, "The Beatles don't have to split the money equally.
They can give, Ringo less if they want." Michaels started Broadway Video in 1979. Shortly afterwards, citing burnout, he left Saturday Night Live, he returned to the show in 1985. During his SNL hiatus, Michaels created another sketch show titled The New Show, which debuted on Friday nights in prime time on NBC in January 1984; the show failed to garner the same enthusiasm as SNL and lasted only 9 episodes before being cancelled. In the 1980s, Michaels appeared in an HBO mockumentary titled The Canadian Conspiracy about the supposed subversion of the United States by Canadian-born media personalities, with Lorne Greene as the leader of the conspiracy. Michaels was identified as the anointed successor to Greene. Michaels is the executive producer of NBC show Late Night, was the executive producer of 30 Rock and Up All Night during their runs. On April 3, 2013, it was announced that Michaels would be taking over as the executive producer for The Tonight Show; the Tonight Show moved to New York in early 2014 as The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon.
In 1999, Michaels was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame and was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In 2002, Michaels was made a member of the Order of Canada for lifetime achievement. In 2003, he received a star on Canada's Walk of Fame. In 2004, he was awarded the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor by the Kennedy Center in Washington, D. C. Speaking at the awards ceremony, original Saturday Night Live cast member Dan Aykroyd described the show as "the primary satirical voice of the country". Michaels received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement in 2006, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts. In 2008, Michaels was awarded the Webby for Video Lifetime Achievement. With the allotted
Tamala Regina Jones is an American actress. She is best known for her roles in the movies Booty Call, The Wood, Kingdom Come, The Brothers, Two Can Play That Game, she is best known for television roles as Tina, the recurring character on Veronica's Closet, Bobbi Seawright on For Your Love and Lanie Parish on the ABC crime drama Castle, which first ran from 2009 to 2016. Her first acting role was a guest appearance on the teen sitcom California Dreams, she went on to play a student in the short-lived ABC drama Dangerous Minds. Jones had co-starring roles on the 1998-2002 series For Your Love and the short-lived The Tracy Morgan Show, she had a recurring role as an old girlfriend of Flex's on One on One. She has guest-starred on other television series, including The Parent'Hood, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Veronica's Closet, My Name Is Earl, Studio 60 On The Sunset Strip, Malcolm & Eddie. In 1993, Jones appeared in the music video for "Turn It Loose" by En Vogue. In 2001, she was in the music video for "Girls, Girls" by rapper Jay Z with fellow actresses Paula Jai Parker and Carmen Electra.
That year, Jones was featured in the music video for "Gravel Pit" by Wu-Tang Clan. She appeared in Will Smith's video "Im looking for the one", her film credits include Booty Call, The Wood, Kingdom Come. Jones has a small role in the film Up in the Air, she appeared in the music video for the song "Independent" by rapper Webbie as a female black President of the United States. Tamala Jones on IMDb
Dwight Arrington Myers, better known as Heavy D, was a Jamaican-born American rapper, record producer, actor. Myers was the former leader of Heavy D & the Boyz, a hip hop group which included dancers/background vocalists G-Whiz, "Trouble" T. Roy, Eddie F; the group maintained a sizable audience in the United States through most of the 1990s. The five albums the group released were produced by Teddy Riley, Marley Marl, DJ Premier, his cousin Pete Rock, Eddie F. Dwight Arrington Myers was born on May 24, 1967 in Mandeville, Jamaica, the son of nurse Eulahlee Lee and machine technician Clifford Vincent Myers. In the early 1970s, his family moved to New York, where he was raised. In an interview, his mother stated that he spent most of his childhood hanging out with his brother Floyd and his childhood friend Mo. Heavy D & the Boyz were the first group signed to Uptown Records, with Heavy D as the frontman and only rapper. Eddie F was his business partner in the group, DJ, one of the producers; the other two members, T-Roy and G-Wiz were the dancers.
Their debut, Living Large, was released in 1987. The album was a commercial success. "Trouble T. Roy" died at age 22 in a fall on July 1990, in Indianapolis. Dixon's death led to a tribute on Peaceful Journey. Pete Rock & CL Smooth created a tribute to Trouble T. Roy called "They Reminisce Over You", regarded as a hip hop classic. In 1989 Heavy D performed a guest rap on Janet Jackson's hit single "Alright", an early example of rap appearances on pop songs, it was the highest peaking song which he had performed on in the Billboard Hot 100. In 1992 he appeared on Michael Jackson's single "Jam", gained a higher profile by singing the theme song for the television program In Living Color and MADtv. Heavy D began focusing on his acting, appearing in various television shows before returning to the music charts with Nuttin' But Love. After appearing in the off-Broadway play Riff Raff at Circle Repertory Company, Heavy D returned to recording with the hit Waterbed Hev. In 1997, Heavy D collaborated with B.
B. King on his duets album Deuces Wild, rapping in the song "Keep It Coming". Heavy D was referred to in the song "Juicy" by the Notorious B. I. G. and appeared in his music video for "One More Chance". While still an artist at Uptown Records, Myers was instrumental in convincing Andre Harrell to hire Sean "Diddy" Combs for his first music business gig as an intern. In the early 1990s, he is credited for convincing Harell to sign Jodeci. Myers became the first rapper to head a major music label when he became the president of Uptown Records. During this time, Myers developed the boy band Soul for Real, was the executive producer and principal writer of several songs on the group's breakout album, Candy Rain, he became senior vice president at Universal Music. As an actor, Heavy D is best known for his role in the 1999 drama film The Cider House Rules, where he plays a migrant worker. Along with his castmates, he received a Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for best cast in a motion picture, he fathered a daughter in 2000 with chef Antonia Lofaso, a contestant on the fourth season of Top Chef.
Heavy D's final live performance was with Eddie F at the 2011 BET Hip Hop Awards on October 11, 2011, their first live televised performance together in 15 years. Myers died on November 8, 2011, in Los Angeles, California, at the age of 44, he collapsed outside his home in Beverly Hills and was taken to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. His death was thought to be connected to pneumonia. An autopsy report, released on December 27, 2011, stated that the cause of death was a pulmonary embolism; the coroner's office found that Myers died of a PE that had broken off from a deep vein thrombosis in the leg. He suffered from heart disease. Craig Harvey, chief of the Los Angeles County Department of Coroner, said that the blood clot that resulted in the PE was "most formed during an extended airplane ride". Heavy D had returned from a trip to Cardiff, where he performed at a tribute to Michael Jackson. Shortly after his death, MC Hammer and others paid tribute to Heavy D on Twitter. Hammer tweeted, he had a heart of gold.
He was a part of what's good about the world."His funeral was held at Grace Baptist Church in his hometown of Mount Vernon, New York. He was buried in New York. Waterbed Hev Heavy Vibes Love Opus Living Large Big Tyme Peaceful Journey Blue Funk Nuttin' But Love Who's the Man? New Jersey Drive B*A*P*S The Deli The Cider House Rules Life Big Trouble Larceny Step Up Tower Heist A Different World episode "Delusions of Daddyhood" Roc Tales from the Crypt episode "On a Deadman's Chest" Living Single Boston Public episode Chapter Fifteen The Fresh Prince of Bel Air, 2 episodes: "Someday Your Prince Will Be In Effect" aired 29 October 1990; the Earth Day Special Bones episodes "A Boy in a Tree", "A Man on Death Row" and "The Man in the Fallout Shelter" Tyler Perry's House of Payne episode "Dream Girls" Law & Order: Special Victims Unit episode "Personal Fouls" Yes, Dear Are We There Yet? Season 2 Episode 25, 2011 In Living Color Season 2 Episode 20 Booker episode "Mobile Home" B*A*P*S* Heavy D on Facebook Heavy D on IMD
30 Rock is an American satirical television sitcom created by Tina Fey that ran on NBC from October 11, 2006, to January 31, 2013. The series, based on Fey's experiences as head writer for Saturday Night Live, takes place behind the scenes of a fictional live sketch comedy show depicted as airing on NBC; the series's name refers to 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, the address of the Comcast Building, where the NBC Studios are located and where Saturday Night Live is written and performed. This series is produced by Broadway Video and Little Stranger, Inc. in association with NBCUniversal.30 Rock episodes were produced in a single-camera setup, were filmed in New York. The pilot episode premiered on October 11, 2006, seven seasons followed; the series stars Fey with a supporting cast that includes Alec Baldwin, Tracy Morgan, Jane Krakowski, Jack McBrayer, Scott Adsit, Judah Friedlander, Katrina Bowden, Keith Powell, Lonny Ross, John Lutz, Kevin Brown, Grizz Chapman, Maulik Pancholy. Tonally, 30 Rock uses surreal humor to parody the complex corporate structure of NBC and its parent company General Electric.
Television critic Todd VanDerWerff of The A. V. Club once remarked that it "usually adopts the manic pacing of a live-action cartoon." The show was influential in its extensive use of cutaways: sudden, short cuts to unrelated scenes showing something the characters are discussing. 30 Rock became known for its dedication to making sets elaborate, once showing a set that took three days to build for only six seconds of video.30 Rock won several major awards, appeared on many critics' year-end "best of" 2006–2013 lists. On July 14, 2009, the series was nominated for 22 Primetime Emmy Awards, the most in a single year for a comedy series. Over the course of the series, it was nominated for 103 Primetime Emmy Awards and won 16, in addition to numerous other nominations and wins from other awards shows. Despite the high praise, the series struggled in the ratings throughout its run, something of which Fey herself has made light. In 2009, Comedy Central and WGN America bought the syndication rights to the show, which began airing on both networks on September 19, 2011.
Today, 30 Rock is regarded as a landmark series. Its series finale in particular has been named as one of the greatest in television history by several publications. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America West named 30 Rock the 21st best-written television series of all time. Liz Lemon is head writer and showrunner of the NBC sketch comedy series TGS with Tracy Jordan, filmed in Studio 6H in 30 Rockefeller Plaza, she supervises cast and crew including star Jenna Maroney, her best friend, while working with network executive Jack Donaghy and page Kenneth Parcell. In the first episode, Donaghy forces Lemon to hire the unpredictable Tracy Jordan as costar. Episodes depict conservative liberal Lemon's disagreements; the show satirizes the cultures of NBC, parent company General Electric, the entertainment industry. The network airs programs like reality shows MILF Island, Queen of Jordan and America's Kidz Got Singing as well as paranormal drama Hunchbacks, game show Gold Case. In seasons, the show depicts the network being acquired by Philadelphia-based media company Kabletown.
In 2002, Fey was a performer on the television show Saturday Night Live. She pitched the show that became 30 Rock to NBC as a sitcom about cable news. NBC Entertainment president Kevin Reilly felt that "Fey was using the news setting as a fig leaf for her own experience and encouraged her to write what she knew." The show was subsequently reworked to revolve around an SNL-style sketch show. After being presented to Reilly once more, the show was set to air during the 2005–2006 television season. In May 2003, Fey signed a contract with NBC to remain in her SNL head writer position until at least the 2004–2005 television season and to develop a primetime project to be produced by Broadway Video and NBC Universal. Filming was postponed due to Tina Fey's first pregnancy. During the 2004–2005 pilot season, a pilot was announced named Untitled Tina Fey Project; the 30 Rock pilot focused on the boss of a variety show who must manage her relationships with the show's volatile star and its charismatic executive producer.
The storyline evolved into one that dealt with a head writer of a variety show who dealt with both of the stars, as well as the show's new network executive. 30 Rock was given the green light to air May 15, 2006, along with a 13-episode order. The series underwent further changes during the months following its debut. A May 2006 press release mentioned that sketches from The Girlie Show would be made available in their entirety on NBC's broadband website, DotComedy.com. The idea was to air the fictitious TGS with Tracy Jordan online; this aspect of the series was abandoned prior to its debut. Inside scenes for 30 Rock were filmed at Silvercup Studios in Long Island City, Queens, NYC. In the episodes "Cleveland" and "Hiatus", Battery Park City and Douglaston, doubled for Cleveland and Needmore, respectively. In the episode "Gavin Volure", stock footage of the Arkansas Governor's Mansion was used for exterior shots of the home of Steve Martin's character