National Security Advisor (United States)
The APNSA participates in the meetings of the National Security Council and usually chairs the Principals Committee meetings with the Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense. The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs is appointed by the President without confirmation by the Senate. Ideally, the APNSA serves as an honest broker of policy options for the President in the field of national security, in 1949, the NSC became part of the presidents executive office. The National Security Act of 1947 did not create the position of the National Security Advisor per se, robert Cutler became the first National Security Advisor in 1953. The system has remained unchanged since then, particularly since Kennedys time, with powerful National Security Advisors and strong staff. This continuity persists despite the tendency of new president to replace the advisor and senior NSC staff. Henry Kissinger, President Richard Nixons National Security Advisor, enhanced the importance of the role, controlling the flow of information to the President and meeting him multiple times per day.
Henry Kissinger holds the distinction of serving as National Security Advisor and United States Secretary of State at the time from September 22,1973. Robert Cutler held the job twice, both times under Dwight D. Eisenhower, henry Kissinger holds the record for longest term of service. Michael Flynn holds the record for shortest term of service and Four-Star Generals require Senate confirmation due to the statutory nature requiring Congress to appoint their military rank. United States National Security Council Executive Office of the President Homeland Security Council Homeland Security Advisor 2009-02, The National Security Advisor and Staff
The film premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival in April 2010 with a theatrical release in the year. The film received a reception and a 65% fresh rating at Rottentomatoes. A Roshanda By Any Other Name, Morgan Spurlocks investigation of the implications of names, especially black vs. white names, in personal development. Pure Corruption, Alex Gibneys exploration of the Japanese concept of yaochō in Sumo wrestling, can You Bribe a 9th Grader to Succeed. Rachel Grady documents an experiment in Chicago Heights, Illinois to determine the efficacy of paying students to higher grades. S. Site Freakonomics at the Internet Movie Database
Christopher Hitchens bibliography
Christopher Hitchens was a prolific English-American author, political journalist and literary critic. His books and journalistic career spanned more than four decades, recognized as a public intellectual, he was a staple of talk shows and lecture circuits. Hitchens was a columnist and literary critic at The Atlantic, Vanity Fair, World Affairs, The Nation, Free Inquiry, revised editions as Hostage to History, Cyprus from the Ottomans to Kissinger,1989 and 1997. 1987 Imperial Spoils, The Curious Case of the Elgin Marbles and Windus /Hill and Wang /1997 UK Verso edition as The Elgin Marbles, Should They Be Returned to Greece. Reissued and updated 2008 as The Parthenon Marbles, The Case for Reunification,1990 Blood and Nostalgia, Anglo-American Ironies. Reissued as No One Left to Lie To, The Values of the Worst Family in 2000,2001 The Trial of Henry Kissinger. 2001 Letters to a Young Contrarian,2002 Why Orwell Matters, Basic Books /UK edition as Orwells Victory, Allen Lane/The Penguin Press. 2005 Thomas Jefferson, Author of America, eminent Lives/Atlas Books/HarperCollins Publishers, ISBN 0-06-059896-42006 Thomas Paines Rights of Man, A Biography.
Books That Shook the World/Atlantic Books, ISBN 1-84354-513-62007 God Is Not Great, twelve/Hachette Book Group USA/Warner Books, ISBN 0-446-57980-7 / Published in the UK as God Is Not Great, The Case Against Religion. Atlantic Books, ISBN 978-1-84354-586-62007 The Portable Atheist, Essential Readings for the Non-Believer, ISBN 978-0-306-81608-62010 Hitch-22 Some Confessions and Contradictions, A Memoir. ISBN 978-0-446-54033-9 ISBN 978-1-74175-962-42012 Mortality,1971 Karl Marx and The Paris Commune. ISBN02834848291990 The Monarchy, A Critique of Britains Favourite Fetish,1995 The Missionary Position, Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice. 2003 A Long Short War, The Postponed Liberation of Iraq,1988 Prepared for the Worst, Selected Essays and Minority Reports. Hill and Wang /Chatto and Windus,1993 For the Sake of Argument and Minority Reports. Verso, ISBN 0-86091-435-62000 Unacknowledged Legislation, Writers in the Public Sphere, Verso 2004 Love and War, Journeys and Essays. Thunders Mouth, Nation Books, ISBN 1-56025-580-32011 Arguably, Essays by Christopher Hitchens, UK edition as Arguably, Selected Prose.
2016 Talks on Atheism, Collected Speeches by Christopher Hitchens, Amazon Media, ISBN 978-1-944541-60-62016 Why Religion is Immoral & Other Interventions,1976 Callaghan, The Road to Number Ten. Cassell, ISBN 0-304-29768-21988 Blaming the Victims, Spurious Scholarship,1994 When Borders Bleed, The Struggle of the Kurds
Christopher Eric Hitchens was an Anglo-American author, essayist, orator and literary critic, social critic, and journalist. He contributed to New Statesman, The Nation, The Atlantic, London Review of Books, The Times Literary Supplement and Vanity Fair. Hitchens was the author, co-author, editor or co-editor of over 30 books, including five collections of essays, on a range of subjects, including politics and religion. A staple of talk shows and lecture circuits, his style of debate made him both a lauded and controversial figure and public intellectual. Known for his stance on a number of issues, Hitchens criticised such public and generally popular figures as Mother Teresa, Bill Clinton, Henry Kissinger. He was the brother of the conservative journalist and author Peter Hitchens. His strong support of the Iraq War separated him further, in 2007, Hitchens published his most popular book, God Is Not Great, How Religion Poisons Everything, which was a New York Times bestseller. His best-reviewed works include the essay collections Love and War, Hitchens was born in Portsmouth, the elder of two boys.
His parents, Eric Ernest Hitchens and Yvonne Jean Hitchens, met in Scotland when both were serving in the Royal Navy during World War II, in life, Hitchens identified as Jewish—since Judaism is matrilineal and his mother was Jewish. His mother was a Wren, and his father an officer aboard the cruiser HMS Jamaica, Hitchenss mother sent him to Mount House School in Tavistock in Devon at the age of eight, followed by the independent Leys School in Cambridge. Hitchens went up to Balliol College, where he was tutored by Steven Lukes and Anthony Kenny and read Philosophy and Economics, in 1968, he took part in the TV quiz show University Challenge. In the 1960s, Hitchens joined the left, drawn by his anger over the Vietnam War, nuclear weapons, racism. He expressed affinity with the politically charged countercultural and protest movements of the 1960s and 1970s, Hitchens was first inspired to become a journalist after reading a piece by James Cameron. Hitchens was bisexual during his younger days, shortly after he joined a small but growing post-Trotskyist Luxemburgist sect.
Hitchens began working as a correspondent for the magazine International Socialism, published by the International Socialists and this group was broadly Trotskyist, but differed from more orthodox Trotskyist groups in its refusal to defend communist states as workers states. Their slogan was Neither Washington nor Moscow but International Socialism, Hitchens left Oxford with a third-class degree. In 1971 he went to work at the Times Higher Education Supplement where he served as a science correspondent. Hitchens admitted that he hated the position, and was fired six months in the job
Henry Alfred Kissinger is an American diplomat and political scientist. Born in Germany, Kissinger was a Jewish refugee who fled the Nazi regime with his family in 1938 and he became National Security Advisor and concurrently United States Secretary of State in the administrations of presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. For his actions negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam, Kissinger received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize under controversial circumstances, Kissinger sought, unsuccessfully, to return the prize after the ceasefire failed. After his term, his advice has been sought by world leaders including subsequent U. S. presidents, a proponent of Realpolitik, Kissinger played a prominent role in United States foreign policy between 1969 and 1977. Kissinger has associated with such controversial policies as CIA involvement in Chile and U. S. support for Pakistan. He is the founder and chairman of Kissinger Associates, a consulting firm. Kissinger has been an author of books on diplomatic history.
General opinion of Henry Kissinger is strongly divided, several scholars have ranked him as the most effective U. S. Secretary of State since 1965, while some journalists and human rights lawyers have condemned him as a war criminal. Kissinger was born Heinz Alfred Kissinger in Fürth, Germany, in 1923 during the Weimar Republic and his father, Louis Kissinger, was a schoolteacher. His mother, Paula Kissinger, from Leutershausen, was a homemaker, Kissinger has a younger brother, Walter Kissinger. The surname Kissinger was adopted in 1817 by his great-great-grandfather Meyer Löb, as a youth, Heinz enjoyed playing soccer, and played for the youth wing of his favorite club, SpVgg Fürth, which was one of the nations best clubs at the time. In 1938, fleeing Nazi persecution, his family moved to London, Kissinger spent his high school years in the Washington Heights section of upper Manhattan as part of the German Jewish immigrant community that resided there at the time. Although Kissinger assimilated quickly into American culture, he never lost his pronounced Frankish accent, following his first year at George Washington High School, he began attending school at night and worked in a shaving brush factory during the day.
Following high school, Kissinger enrolled in the City College of New York and he excelled academically as a part-time student, continuing to work while enrolled. His studies were interrupted in early 1943, when he was drafted into the U. S. Army, Kissinger underwent basic training at Camp Croft in Spartanburg, South Carolina. On June 19,1943, while stationed in South Carolina, at the age of 20 years, the army sent him to study engineering at Lafayette College, but the program was cancelled, and Kissinger was reassigned to the 84th Infantry Division. Kissinger saw combat with the division, and volunteered for hazardous intelligence duties during the Battle of the Bulge, within eight days he had established a civilian administration. Kissinger was reassigned to the Counter Intelligence Corps, with the rank of sergeant and he was given charge of a team in Hanover assigned to tracking down Gestapo officers and other saboteurs, for which he was awarded the Bronze Star
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977, following the resignation of Richard Nixon. Prior to this he served eight months as the 40th Vice President of the United States, before his appointment to the vice presidency, Ford served 25 years as U. S. Representative from Michigans 5th congressional district, the nine of them as the House Minority Leader. As President, Ford signed the Helsinki Accords, marking a move toward détente in the Cold War, with the conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam nine months into his presidency, U. S. involvement in Vietnam essentially ended. Domestically, Ford presided over the worst economy in the four decades since the Great Depression, with growing inflation, one of his most controversial acts was to grant a presidential pardon to President Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal. During Fords presidency, foreign policy was characterized in procedural terms by the increased role Congress began to play, in the Republican presidential primary campaign of 1976, Ford defeated former California Governor Ronald Reagan for the Republican nomination.
Arthur not to be elected in his own right, following his years as President, Ford remained active in the Republican Party. After experiencing health problems, he died at home on December 26,2006, Ford lived longer than any other U. S. president –93 years and 165 days – while his 895-day presidency was the shortest of all presidents who did not die in office. Gerald Rudolph Ford was born Leslie Lynch King Jr. on July 14,1913, at 3202 Woolworth Avenue in Omaha, where his parents lived with his paternal grandparents. His mother was Dorothy Ayer Gardner and his father was Leslie Lynch King Sr. a wool trader, Dorothy separated from King just sixteen days after her sons birth. She took her son with her to the Oak Park, home of her sister Tannisse and brother-in-law, from there, she moved to the home of her parents, Levi Addison Gardner and Adele Augusta Ayer, in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Dorothy and King divorced in December 1913, she gained custody of her son. Fords paternal grandfather Charles Henry King paid child support until shortly before his death in 1930, Ford said his biological father had a history of hitting his mother.
James M. Ford told confidantes that his father had first hit his mother on their honeymoon for smiling at another man. After two and a half years with her parents, on February 1,1916, Dorothy married Gerald Rudolff Ford and they called her son Gerald Rudolff Ford, Jr. The future president was never adopted, and did not legally change his name until December 3,1935. He was raised in Grand Rapids with his three half-brothers from his mothers marriage, Thomas Gardner Tom Ford, Richard Addison Dick Ford. Ford had three half-siblings from the marriage of Leslie King, Sr. his biological father, Marjorie King, Leslie Henry King
Eugene Jarecki is an American author and a dramatic and documentary filmmaker based in New York. His works include Why We Fight, The Trials of Henry Kissinger, Freakonomics, Quest of the Carib Canoe, Season of the Lifterbees, The House I Live In, and error. Why We Fight and The House I Live In were both winners of the Grand Jury Prize for Documentary at the Sundance Film Festival, in 2005 and 2012 respectively, after working for some years as a director of stage plays, he turned to film. His film The Trials of Henry Kissinger was released theatrically to critical acclaim in 130 US cities, winner of the 2002 Amnesty International Award, the film was nominated for an Independent Spirit Award and has been broadcast in over thirty countries. In 2002, Trials was selected to launch the Sundance Channels DOCday venture as well BBCs digital channel and his Emmy Award-winning film Reagan debuted at the 2011 Sundance Film Festival, before having its HBO television premiere on what would have been the 40th presidents 100th birthday.
Jarecki has been a guest on television programs including The Daily Show, The Colbert Report, Real Time with Bill Maher, Fox & Friends. To date, an estimated 4 million Americans have moved their money and he is a visiting fellow at Brown Universitys Watson Institute for International Studies and is the author of The American Way of War, published by Simon & Schuster/Free Press. Jarecki is the son of Henry Jarecki and Gloria Jarecki and he is brother to fellow filmmaker Andrew Jarecki and finance executive Thomas A. Jarecki. His half-brother Nicholas Jarecki is a filmmaker and that film came out in about 130 U. S. cities, and in every one I met with audiences and talked about the film. I thought I had made a film about US foreign policy, to me, that felt politically impotent, because the forces that are driving American foreign policy are so much larger than any one man. With the next film I wanted to go further – I didnt want to stop at a villain or a simple scapegoat. I wanted to have a more holistic approach that really took on the whole system
Brian Cox (actor)
Brian Denis Cox, CBE is a Scottish actor who works with the Royal Shakespeare Company, where he gained recognition for his portrayal of King Lear. He is best known for appearing in The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy, X2, Rushmore, Rise of the Planet of the Apes, Troy and he was the first actor to portray Hannibal Lecter on film in the 1986 feature film Manhunter. Cox was born in Dundee, the son and youngest of five children. He is from a working class Roman Catholic family, of Irish and Scottish descent and his mother, Mary Ann Guillerline, was a spinner who worked in the jute mills and suffered several nervous breakdowns during Coxs childhood. His father, Charles McArdle Campbell Cox, was a butcher and a shopkeeper, Cox was brought up by his four elder sisters. He joined Dundee Repertory Theatre at the age of 14, Cox was educated at St Marys Forebank Primary School, followed by St Michaels Junior Secondary School, which he left at the age of 15. After working at Dundee Repertory Theatre for a couple of years, he went to school from the age of 17 to 19.
I’m old enough to have seen it and watched it and, yes, in 1978, he played King Henry II of England in the acclaimed BBC2 drama serial The Devils Crown, following which he starred in many other television dramas. His first film appearance was as Leon Trotsky in Nicholas and Alexandra in 1971, Cox is an accomplished Shakespearean actor, spending seasons with both the Royal Shakespeare Company and the National Theatre in the 1980s and 1990s. His work with the RSC included an acclaimed performance as the title character in Titus Andronicus. Cox said that his performance in Titus Andronicus was the greatest stage performance Ive ever given, Cox portrayed Burgundy opposite Laurence Olivier in the title role of King Lear. He went on to play King Lear at the National Theatre, in 1986, during the production of Manhunter, while Cox was playing Hannibal Lecktor, Anthony Hopkins was playing King Lear on stage at the National Theatre. Five years later, during the production of The Silence of the Lambs in which Hopkins took over as the correctly named Lecter, at the time, the two actors shared the same agent.
In 1984, he played the Royal Ulster Constabulary officer Inspector Nelson in the Royal Courts production of Rat in the Skull, in 1993 he appeared as British spymaster Major Hogan in two episodes of the British television series Sharpe. In the same year, he was seen in an episode of Inspector Morse, where he portrayed Michael Steppings, a retired bookmaker whose daughter is in a permanent coma. In 1994, he played the role of Colonel Grushko, a policeman who sees greed and rapacity in Russias new mood, in Grushko and his most famous appearances include Rob Roy, The Ring, X2, Troy and The Bourne Supremacy. In 2001, he received acclaim for his performance as a pedophile in Michael Cuestas L. I. E. He won a Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, and was nominated for an Independent Spirit Award for Best Lead Actor and he has played more sympathetic characters, such as Edward Nortons father in 25th Hour