Knight Ridder was an American media company, specializing in newspaper and Internet publishing. Until it was bought by McClatchy on June 27, 2006, it was the second-largest newspaper publisher in the United States, with 32 daily newspapers sold, its headquarters were located in California. The corporate ancestors of Knight Ridder were Inc. and Ridder Publications, Inc.. The first company was founded by John S. Knight upon inheriting control of the Akron Beacon Journal from his father, Charles Landon Knight, in 1933; as anti-German sentiment increased in the interwar period, Ridder transitioned into English language publishing by acquiring The Journal of Commerce in 1926. Both companies went public in 1969 and merged on July 11, 1974. For a brief time, the combined company was the largest newspaper publisher in the United States. Knight Ridder had a long history of innovation in technology, it was the first newspaper publisher to experiment with videotex when it launched its Viewtron system in 1983.
After investing six years of research and $50 million into the service, Knight Ridder shut down Viewtron in 1986 when the service's interactivity features proved more popular than news delivery. Knight-Ridder purchased Dialog Information Services Inc. from Lockheed Corporation in August 1988. In October 1988, the company placed its eight broadcast television stations up for sale to reduce debt and to pay for the purchase of Dialog. In 1997 it bought four newspapers from The Walt Disney Company owned by Capital Cities Communications after Disney's purchase of Cap Cities for the ABC television network (The Kansas City Star, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Belleville News-Democrat and Times Leader for $1.65 billion. It was, at the time, the most expensive newspaper acquisition in history. For most of its existence, the company was based in Miami, with headquarters on the top floor of the Miami Herald building. In 1998, Knight Ridder relocated its headquarters from Miami to San Jose, Calif.. The internet division had been established there three years earlier.
The company rented several floors in a downtown high-rise as its new corporate base. In November 2005, the company announced plans for "strategic initiatives," which involved the possible sale of the company; this came after three major institutional shareholders publicly urged management to put the company up for sale. At the time, the company had a higher profit margin than many Fortune 500 companies, including ExxonMobil. In run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Knight Ridder DC Bureau reporters Jonathan Landay and Warren Strobel wrote a series of articles critical of purported intelligence suggesting links between Saddam Hussein, the obtainment of weapons of mass destruction, Al-Qaeda, citing anonymous sources. Landay and Strobel's stories ran in counter to reports by The New York Times, The Washington Post and other national publications, resulting in some newspapers within Knight-Ridder chain refusing to run the two reporter's stories. After the war and the discrediting of many initial news reports and Landay received the Raymond Clapper Memorial award from the Senate Press Gallery on February 5, 2004 for their coverage.
The Huffington Post headlined the two as "the reporting team that got Iraq right". The Columbia Journalism Review described the reporting as "unequaled by the Bigfoots working at higher-visibility outlets such as the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal and the Los Angeles Times". After the war, their work was featured in Bill Moyers' PBS documentary "Buying The War" and was dramatized in the 2017 film Shock and Awe. On March 13, 2006, The McClatchy Company announced its agreement to purchase Knight Ridder for a purchase price of $6.5 billion in cash and debt. The deal gave McClatchy 32 daily newspapers with a total circulation of 3.3 million. However, for various reasons, McClatchy decided to resell twelve of these papers. On April 26, 2006, McClatchy announced it was selling the San Jose Mercury News, Contra Costa Times, Monterey Herald, St. Paul Pioneer Press to MediaNews Group for $1 billion. Daily newspapers owned by Knight Ridder and its predecessors – listed alphabetically by place of publication – included: A list of companies that were at one time or another owned by Knight Ridder: Vu/Text: 1982–1996.
Merged with PressLink to become MediaStream. PressLink:??–1996. Merged with Vu/Text to become MediaStream. MediaStream: 1996–2001. Acquired by NewsBank DataStar: Acquired from Radio Schweiz Ltd. merged with Dialog to form Knight Ridder Information Dialog: Merged with DataStar to form Knight Ridder Information Knight Ridder Information:??–1997, Acquired by MAID by Thomson Knight Ridder Financial Inc: 1985–1996. Acquired by Global Financial trading as Bridge Data. RealCities Network: 2004–2006. RealCities was a portal/hub website for Knight-Ridder group, it was absorbed with The McClatchy Company into McClatchy Interactive and sold to Chicago-based Centro in 2008. In 1954, Ridder Newspapers launched WDSM-TV in Superior, serving the Duluth, Minnesota market. A CBS affiliate, it switched to its present NBC affiliation a year and a half after the station's launch, it was spun off after Ridder's merger with Inc.. From 1956 to 1962, Knight co-owned a then-NBC affiliate, WCKT in Miami, with the Cox publishing family.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is typed in black ink with a white or gray background. Newspapers can cover a wide variety of fields such as politics, business and art, include materials such as opinion columns, weather forecasts, reviews of local services, birth notices, editorial cartoons, comic strips, advice columns. Most newspapers are businesses, they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, advertising revenue; the journalism organizations that publish newspapers are themselves metonymically called newspapers. Newspapers have traditionally been published in print. However, today most newspapers are published on websites as online newspapers, some have abandoned their print versions entirely. Newspapers developed as information sheets for businessmen. By the early 19th century, many cities in Europe, as well as North and South America, published newspapers; some newspapers with high editorial independence, high journalism quality, large circulation are viewed as newspapers of record.
Newspapers are published daily or weekly. News magazines are weekly, but they have a magazine format. General-interest newspapers publish news articles and feature articles on national and international news as well as local news; the news includes political events and personalities and finance, crime and natural disasters. The paper is divided into sections for each of those major groupings. Most traditional papers feature an editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and expressing an opinion on a public issue, opinion articles called "op-eds" written by guest writers, columns that express the personal opinions of columnists offering analysis and synthesis that attempts to translate the raw data of the news into information telling the reader "what it all means" and persuading them to concur. Papers include articles which have no byline. A wide variety of material has been published in newspapers. Besides the aforementioned news and opinions, they include weather forecasts; as of 2017, newspapers may provide information about new movies and TV shows available on streaming video services like Netflix.
Newspapers have classified ad sections where people and businesses can buy small advertisements to sell goods or services. Most newspapers are businesses, they pay their expenses with a mixture of subscription revenue, newsstand sales, advertising revenue; some newspapers are at least government-funded. The editorial independence of a newspaper is thus always subject to the interests of someone, whether owners, advertisers, or a government; some newspapers with high editorial independence, high journalism quality, large circulation are viewed as newspapers of record. Many newspapers, besides employing journalists on their own payrolls subscribe to news agencies, which employ journalists to find and report the news sell the content to the various newspapers; this is a way to avoid duplicating the expense of reporting from around the world. Circa 2005, there were 6,580 daily newspaper titles in the world selling 395 million print copies a day; the late 2000s–early 2010s global recession, combined with the rapid growth of free web-based alternatives, has helped cause a decline in advertising and circulation, as many papers had to retrench operations to stanch the losses.
Worldwide annual revenue approached $100 billion in 2005-7 plunged during the worldwide financial crisis of 2008-9. Revenue in 2016 fell to only $53 billion, hurting every major publisher as their efforts to gain online income fell far short of the goal; the decline in advertising revenues affected both the print and online media as well as all other mediums. Besides remodeling advertising, the internet has challenged the business models of the print-only era by crowdsourcing both publishing in general and, more journalism. In addition, the rise of news aggregators, which bundle linked articles fro
University of Arkansas Press
The University of Arkansas Press is a university press, part of the University of Arkansas and has been a member of the Association of University Presses since 1984. Its mission is to publish academic journals, it was established in 1980 by Willard B. Gatewood Jr. and Miller is housed in the McIlroy House in Fayetteville. Notable authors include civil-rights activist Daisy Bates, US president Jimmy Carter, former US poet laureate Billy Collins, National Book Award–winner Ellen Gilchrist; the University of Arkansas Press was established in May 1980 as the publishing arm of the University of Arkansas by the board of trustees of the university. Miller Williams was named the first director of the press, Willard B. Gatewood Jr. was named the chairman of the first press committee. For the first five years of operation, assistance from the University of Missouri Press was crucial to editorial and production operations. In December 1980 the McIlroy House was formally opened as its home, in the following year the press published its first three books.
Martha Sutherland of the university's School of Architecture designed a stylized version of the McIlroy House, chosen for the colophon, which appears on the spine of all the publisher's volumes. In November 1983 a fire damaged the McIlroy House. In September 1987, another fire damaged the press's warehouse and destroyed much of its book inventory. In 1997 University of Arkansas chancellor John A. White closed the press, but it was reopened within months after intense public outcry. In 1998 the press received an endowment from Tyson Foods and the university hired Lawrence Malley as the director. Malley expanded the press's coverage of sports studies, African-American studies, Middle East studies during his tenure. In 2013 Mike Bieker was named director; the press continues to publish about twenty-five titles per year, covering poetry and literature, African American studies, food studies, sports studies, art and architecture. Miller Williams's initial leadership of the press lead to an early specialization in literature.
As both a professor and editor, Williams nurtured hundreds of young poets, most notably former US poet laureate Billy Collins, who cites Williams as a mentor and his "first editorial father." The press published Collins's The Apple That Astonished Paris in 1988. Enid Shomer was directed the Arkansas Poetry Prize. In 2014 Billy Collins returned to the press to serve as editor of the poetry series and as judge for the Miller Williams Poetry Prize, which annually awards publication to two finalists and a cash prize of $5,000 to one winner. In 2015 the press partnered with CantoMundo to establish the CantoMundo Poetry Prize, which annually awards publication and a cash prize to a Latino poet writing in English. Judged and edited by Deborah Paredez and Carmen Giménez Smith, the series has brought out collections from Jacob Shores-Argüello, Ángel García, Gina Franco. In the same year the press partnered with RAWI to establish the Etel Adnan Poetry Prize (named in honor of Lebanese American poet and visual artist Etel Adnan, which annual awards publication and a cash prize to a poet of Arab heritage writing in English.
Judged and edited by Hayan Charara and Fady Joudah, the series has brought out collections from Jess Rizkallah, Peter Twal, Zaina Alsous. Official website
For the Kentucky newspaper, please see News Democrat & Leader. The Belleville News-Democrat is a daily newspaper in Illinois. Focusing on news, local to the area of southwestern Illinois, it has been published under various names for 150 years; as of 2009, it is published by The McClatchy Company, is based in St. Clair County, Illinois, it publishes content in print as well as online at bnd.com. The Belleville News-Democrat was founded in 1858 as the Weekly Democrat. In the early 1860s, it merged with the Belleville News to become the Belleville News-Democrat, it was a family-owned newspaper until 1972. When Disney acquired Capital Cities, it owned the News-Democrat until Knight Ridder acquired the newspaper in 1997. McClatchy acquired the paper in 2006 with its purchase of Knight Ridder; the Belleville News-Democrat has been featured on the television programs 60 Minutes and Nightline, as an example of investigative reporting. In 2003, an article in Editor & Publisher called the News-Democrat one of "Ten newspapers that do it right" under the leadership of former publisher, Gary Berkeley, former editor, Greg Edwards.
It is the only newspaper in Illinois or Missouri to grow net paid circulation for ten years in a row, is a frequent winner in state and regional journalism awards. In 2007, News-Democrat reporters Beth Hundsdorfer and George Pawlaczyk won the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award for "Lethal Lapses", a series investigating errors of the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services that resulted in the deaths of 53 children; the newspaper employs 280 people, plus about 75 at its weekly ancillary papers. The newsroom staff consists of 26 reporters, 12 editors, seven copy editors, four photographers, three newsroom assistants and an editorial cartoonist, it publishes separate editions in St. Clair County; the News-Democrat publishes the following weekly papers: The Highland News Leader Tri-County Leader O'Fallon Progress Command Post Legal Reporter Penny Saver St. Clair Madison Bond Clinton Washington Monroe Marion Randolph Perry Jefferson St. Louis St. Louis City bnd.com official site Official mobile website The McClatchy Company's subsidiary profile of the Belleville News-Democrat the Lethal Lapses series
The Fresno Bee
The Fresno Bee is a daily newspaper serving Fresno and surrounding counties in that U. S. state's central San Joaquin Valley. It ranks fourth in circulation among the company's newspapers; the Fresno Bee was founded in 1922 by the McClatchy brothers Charles Kenny and Valentine Stuart, sons of The Sacramento Bee's second editor James McClatchy. C. K.'s only son Carlos McClatchy became The Fresno Bee's first editor. The two Central Valley newspapers linked by family ownership and editorial philosophy, formed the core of what grew into The McClatchy Company. In 1926, the McClatchys purchased The Republican; the Fresno Republican had been founded in 1876, by Dr. Chester A. Rowell and a group of investors that included inventor and entrepreneur Frank Dusy. In 1932, The Bee took over the subscription lists of The Fresno Republican and merged the newspapers; the paper launched its website in 1996. The Bee was following the example of The New York Times and other newspapers hoping to combine the creative strengths of the worlds of digital and print journalism.
Since 2017, the paper's relationship with their hometown representative Devin Nunes has deteriorated. Nunes took issue with several op-eds the paper had published on his handling of Russian interference in the 2016 elections. Nunes responded by airing TV ads attacking the paper and mailing constituents a 40-page glossy pamphlet focused on attacking the Bee's reputation. California portal Journalism portal FresnoBee.com official website FresnoBee.com official mobile website Fresno Bee Latest to Merge Online, Print Units, a November 2005 article from Editor & Publisher
The Tri-City Herald is a daily newspaper based in Kennewick, Washington, in the United States. Owned by The McClatchy Company, the newspaper serves southeastern Washington, including the three communities of Kennewick and Richland, it serves the smaller cities of Benton City, Connell and West Richland. The Tri-City Herald is the only major English-language newspaper in Washington east of Yakima and south of Spokane; the paper features local and national news, opinion columns, sports information, movie listings, comic strips, other typical pieces of information. The paper was founded in 1918 as the weekly Pasco Herald. In 1947, Glenn C. Lee and Robert Philip bought the paper, moved it to Kennewick and converted it into the area's first daily paper, coining the name'Tri-Cities' as part of the paper's name. Lee and Philip sold the paper to McClatchy in 1979. After over 30 years as an afternoon paper, it became a morning paper in 1984, it added a Saturday edition in 1987. In 1950, striking workers of the Herald launched a morning competitor, Columbia Basin News, in Pasco.
From 1950 until the summer of 1963, the Tri-Cities was one of the smallest U. S. markets with two competing daily newspapers. Columbia Basin News printed its last issue in 1963. Tri-City Herald official Web site Tri-City Herald official mobile Web site SportsTriCities.com, the Tri-City Herald's sports-only Web site The McClatchy Company's subsidiary profile of the Tri-City Herald Pasco Herald archive at Library of Congress
Fayetteville is the third-largest city in Arkansas and county seat of Washington County. The city is centrally located within the county and has been home of the University of Arkansas since the institution's founding in 1871. Fayetteville is on the outskirts of the Boston Mountains, deep within the Ozarks. Known as Washington until 1829, the city was named after Fayetteville, from which many of the settlers had come, it was incorporated on November 3, 1836 and was rechartered in 1867. The four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 105th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 in 2010 according to the United States Census Bureau; the city had a population of 73,580 at the 2010 Census. Fayetteville is home to the University of the state's largest university; when classes are in session, thousands of students on campus change the city's demographics. Thousands of Arkansas Razorbacks alumni and fans travel to Fayetteville to attend football and baseball games.
The University's men's track and field program has won 41 national championships to date. Fayetteville was named the third best place to live in the United States in the 2016 U. S. News Best Places To Live Rankings, one of the best places to retire in the South. Forbes ranked Fayetteville as the 24th-best city for business and careers in 2016. Lonely Planet named Fayetteville among its top 20 places to visit in the South in 2016; the city hosts the Walmart Shareholders Meetings each year at the Bud Walton Arena. In 1828, George McGarrah settled at Big Spring with his family on the modern day corner of Spring and Willow, founding the town of Washington, starting work on the courthouse. On October 17, Washington County was established, Washington chosen as the county seat; the Washington Courthouse was finished in 1829, contained the post office. In the year Postmaster Larkin Newton changed the name to the Fayetteville Courthouse, to avoid confusing with Washington, Hempstead County. Two councilmen selected to name the city were from Fayetteville, itself named for Fayetteville, North Carolina.
That original Fayetteville was named for General Lafayette, a French general who helped the colonies gain independence in the American Revolutionary War. The first store in Fayetteville was opened by John Nye in a small building constructed by James Holmsley. In 1832 David Walker, Chief Justice of the Arkansas supreme court, built a double log cabin on what is now Center Street. In 1822 Archibald Yell, the second Governor of Arkansas, built a house and called it "Waxhaw" after his home in North Carolina; this was on the outskirts of town but now is a street named after him that connects College and School streets. The first hotels were the Onstott House. Fayetteville was incorporated as a town on November 3, 1836. In 1859, a city charter was obtained from the Legislature. During the Civil War the municipal government was suspended and was not reinstated until 1867. P. V. Rhea was the president of the town trustees in 1836. W. Walker was the first mayor under the charter of 1859, M. L. Harrison was the first mayor when the government was reorganized in 1867.
The telegraph came to Fayetteville in 1860, strung along the Military Road from St. Louis, Missouri to Little Rock. During the American Civil War, the Union General Samuel Ryan Curtis occupied Fayetteville on February 18, 1862 and the following week, the Battle of Pea Ridge took place northeast of Fayetteville; the city housed wounded soldiers from the Battle of Prairie Grove in December 1862, housed injured troops on Dickson Street. Confederate troops besieged Union soldiers in Fayetteville on April 18, 1863 at the present-day intersection of College Avenue and Dickson Street, at their headquarters. Union soldiers held the city against cannon fire and cavalry attacks, although their headquarters sustained damage; the building was restored and is operated as the Headquarters House, a museum of the Washington County Historical Society. Fayetteville was occupied from December 1862 until May 1865 by the First Arkansas Union Cavalry, a regiment of Union men from Northwest Arkansas. Union forces repelled a Confederate attack in October 1864.
After the war, the United States government established the Fayetteville National Cemetery in 1867. A cemetery for Confederate dead was founded in 1873. Newspapers were established early; the Fayetteville Weekly Democrat began publishing in 1868. It developed as the Northwest Arkansas Times, is still in print today; the Fayetteville Schools District was founded on March 20, 1871 as the first independent school district in Arkansas. The public school system was established by the Reconstruction era legislature. Arkansas had struggled with a state banking crisis, resulting in the illegality of banking until 1868. Following the reinstatement, the Stark Bank became the first bank in the state in 1872, becoming the William McIlroy Bank four years later; this institution remains today as Arvest Bank. In 1954, a few days after Charleston, Fayetteville was the second school district in the southern United States to implement school integration in response to Brown v. Board of Education. Fayetteville is located in the Boston Mountains, a subset of The Ozarks which run through Northwest Arkansas, southern Missouri, Eastern Oklahoma.
The rocks of the Boston Mountains were formed when sandstones and shales were deposited on top of the Springfield Plateau during the Pennsylvanian Period. In the Fayettevill