Robert Leroy Johnson was an American blues singer and musician. His landmark recordings in 1936 and 1937 display a combination of singing, guitar skills, songwriting talent that has influenced generations of musicians. Johnson's poorly documented life and death have given rise to much legend; the one most associated with his life is that he sold his soul to the devil at a local crossroads to achieve musical success. He is now recognized as a master of the blues as a progenitor of the Delta blues style; as an itinerant performer who played on street corners, in juke joints, at Saturday night dances, Johnson had little commercial success or public recognition in his lifetime. He only participated in two recording sessions, one in San Antonio in 1936, one in Dallas in 1937, that produced recordings of 29 distinct songs; these songs, recorded at low fidelity in improvised studios, were the totality of his recorded output. About half of these were released as 10-inch, 78 rpm singles from 1937–1939, many after his death at the age of 27.
Other than these recordings little was known of him during his life outside of the small musical circuit in the Mississippi Delta where he spent most of his life. His music had only a small, but influential, following during his life and in the years after his death; as early as 1938, his music was being sought by influential producers such as John Hammond, who tried to recruit him to record and tour without knowing of his death. Brunswick Records, which owned the original recordings, was bought by Hammond's Columbia Records, which would release the recordings to a wider audience. Musicologist Alan Lomax went to Mississippi in 1941 to record Johnson not knowing of his death. A compilation album, titled King of the Delta Blues Singers, was released by Columbia in 1961, which brought his work to a wider audience; the album would become an influential record on the nascent British blues movement, just getting started at the time. Musicians as diverse as Bob Dylan, Keith Richards, Robert Plant have cited both Johnson's lyricism and musicianship has key influences on their own work.
Many of Johnson's songs have been covered over the years, becoming hits for other artists, his guitar licks and lyrics have been borrowed and repurposed by a many musicians. Renewed interest in Johnson's work and life led to a burst of scholarship starting in the 1960s. Much of what we know about him today was reconstructed by researchers such as Gayle Dean Wardlow; the 1991 documentary The Search for Robert Johnson by John Hammond, Jr. was another attempt to document his life, demonstrated the difficulties arising from the scant historical record and conflicting oral accounts. Johnson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in its first induction ceremony, in 1986, as an early influence on rock and roll, he was awarded a posthumous Grammy Award in 1991 for The Complete Recordings, a 1990 compilation album. His single "Cross Road Blues" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998, he was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006. In 2003, David Fricke ranked Johnson fifth in Rolling Stone magazine's "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".
Johnson was born in Hazlehurst, Mississippi on May 8, 1911, to Julia Major Dodds and Noah Johnson. Julia was married to Charles Dodds, a prosperous landowner and furniture maker, with whom she had ten children. Charles Dodds had been forced by a lynch mob to leave Hazlehurst following a dispute with white landowners. Julia left Hazlehurst with baby Robert, but after two years sent the boy to Memphis to live with her husband, who had changed his name to Charles Spencer. Robert rejoined his mother around 1919 near Tunica and Robinsonville, they lived on the Leatherman Plantation. Julia's new husband, known as Dusty Willis, was 24 years her junior. Robert was remembered by some residents as "Little Robert Dusty", but he was registered at Tunica's Indian Creek School as Robert Spencer. In the 1920 census, he is listed as Robert Spencer, living in Lucas, with Will and Julia Willis. Robert was at school in 1924 and 1927; the quality of his signature on his marriage certificate suggests that he was well educated for a boy of his background.
A school friend, Willie Coffee, interviewed and filmed in life, recalled that as a youth Robert was noted for playing the harmonica and jaw harp. Coffee recalled that Robert was absent for long periods, which suggests that he may have been living and studying in Memphis. After school, Robert adopted the surname of his natural father, signing himself as Robert Johnson on the certificate of his marriage to sixteen-year-old Virginia Travis in February 1929, she died in childbirth shortly after. Surviving relatives of Virginia told the blues researcher Robert "Mack" McCormick that this was a divine punishment for Robert's decision to sing secular songs, known as "selling your soul to the Devil". McCormick believed that Johnson himself accepted the phrase as a description of his resolve to abandon the settled life of a husband and farmer to become a full-time blues musician. Around this time, the blues musician Son House moved to Robinsonville, where his musical partner Willie Brown lived. Late in life, House remembered Johnson as a "little boy", a competent harmonica player but an embarrassingly bad guitarist.
Soon after, Johnson left Robinsonville for the area around Ma
Murder Junkies is the seventh studio album by GG Allin and Antiseen, released in France by New Rose Records. The lyrics and music were written by Allin; the album consists of spoken word by Allin, interspersed with musical tracks featuring Allin on vocals backed by Antiseen. The title of the album was appropriated from the name of an obscure Texas band - which performed as his backing band for several live dates in the late 1980s, a name in turn appropriated by Allin for the name of the studio band which recorded the GG Allin and the Murder Junkies Watch Me Kill 6-track EP, released on Fuckin' A/Stomach Ache Records in 1991; the third GG Allin-related band calling itself The Murder Junkies was formed in the same year, around the time that the Allin and ANTiSEEN Murder Junkies album was recorded. This final outfit calling itself The Murder Junkies became what would prove to be Allin's last backing band. Jeff Clayton, lead singer of ANTiSEEN, has described this album as a mixed blessing. Although he is happy with the way it turned out, he thinks that a lot of people got the impression that they are nothing more than a backing band for Allin.
Clayton has stated that Allin was professional during the recording of the album, he wonders how much of Allin's stage act was real and how much of it was "for the marks." In 2003, a second CD version of the album was released by TKO Records. This version omitted Allin's spoken word material in favor of bonus material: the GG Allin and ANTiSEEN "Violence Now" 7", the GG Allin and the Carolina Shitkickers "Layin' Up With Linda" 7" EP; the Carolina Shitkickers, contrary to popular hearsay, were not ANTiSEEN under another name. The band was composed of Jeff Young, Greg Clayton and Robert Everett; the Carolina Shitkickers e.p. is composed of acoustic country music – as opposed to the punk rock that that ANTiSEEN played on the "Murder Junkies" album and "Violence Now" 7" – and was recorded in Charlotte, NC shortly before Allin's passing. A version of the album was released during the 1990s by the label Baloney Shrapnel, minus the spoken word pieces and with added live tracks. Savage Blood Bath Murder For The Mission - Terrorist Anarchy Sidewalk Walking I Love Nothing Self Absorbed 99 Stab Wounds - Decapitation Ritual No Limits No Laws War In My Head - I'm Your Enemy A Dead Fuck Sister Sodomy - Death and Defecation Kill, Kill Violence Now - Assassinate The President Drink From The Pissing Snakes Mouth Rape, Terminate And Fuck Guns And Revolution Kill The Police - Destroy The System Immortal Pieces Of Me My Prison Walls - 206045 Death Before Life - Bloody Cunt Slider I Hate People Murder For The Mission I Love Nothing 99 Stab Wounds War In My Head Sister Sodomy Violence Now Rape, Terminate & Fuck Kill The Police I Hate People My Prison Walls Layin' Up With Linda I Wanna Fuck The Shit Out Of You Outlaw Scumfuc
Kevin Michael "GG" Allin was an American singer and record producer, who performed and recorded with many groups during his career. GG Allin was best known for his outlandish live performances, which featured transgressive acts, including coprophagia, self-mutilation, attacking audience members, for which he was arrested and imprisoned on multiple occasions. AllMusic and G4TV's That's Tough have called him "the most spectacular degenerate in rock & roll history" and the "toughest rock star in the world”. Known more for his notorious stage antics than for his music, he recorded prolifically, not only in the punk rock genre, but in spoken word and more traditional-style rock, his lyrics, which expressed themes of misogyny, pedophilia and racism, polarized listeners and created varied opinions of him within the politicized punk community. When questioned about his music and shows, Allin replied that he was trying to make rock music "dangerous" again. Allin's music was poorly recorded and produced, given limited distribution, met with negative reviews from critics, although he maintained a cult following throughout and after his career.
Allin promised for several years that he would die by suicide on stage during one of his concerts, but instead died offstage from an accidental heroin overdose on June 28, 1993. Allin was born Jesus Christ Allin at Weeks Memorial Hospital in Lancaster, New Hampshire, the younger of two sons born to Merle Colby Allin, Sr. and Arleta Gunther. He was given this name because his father told his wife that Jesus Christ had visited him, told him that his newborn son would be a great man in the vein of the Messiah. During early childhood, his older brother, was unable to pronounce "Jesus" properly and called him "Jeje", which became "GG"; the family lived in a log cabin with no running electricity in Groveton, New Hampshire. Merle Sr. was an abusive recluse and religious Christian fanatic, who threatened his family with death, digging graves in their cellar. In an essay titled "The First Ten Years", Allin wrote that his father wanted to kill his family in a murder-suicide, he "despised pleasure" and allowed his family "very little contact with others".
They lived a "primitive existence" and "were more like prisoners than a family". Allin stated that his mother attempted to escape before she filed for divorce, but Merle Sr. thwarted the attempt by kidnapping Allin. Allin said that he was glad to experience such an upbringing, that it "made a warrior soul at an early age."In 1961, Arleta filed for divorce from Merle Sr. as his mental instability was worsening. Allin and his brother were from that time raised by their mother and stepfather, settled in East St. Johnsbury, Vermont in 1966. Arleta changed her younger son's legal name to Kevin Michael Allin on March 2, 1962, during his first year of schooling. Arleta had allowed his birth name to stand until this point and changed it to give her son a chance of a mockery-free childhood. Allin, a poor student, was placed in special education classes and required to repeat the third grade. According to his older brother, he experienced bullying by fellow students for nonconformity. In his second year of high school, he began attending school cross-dressed, which he said was inspired by the New York Dolls.
When asked about his childhood, Allin said. Full of chances and dangers. We sold drugs, broke into houses, cars. Did whatever we wanted to for the most part – including all the bands we played in. People hated us back then." Allin's earliest musical influences were 1960s British Invasion bands including the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Dave Clark Five. In the early 70s, Alice Cooper became a large influence on Allin. Allin's earliest recorded musical endeavors were as a drummer. In his mid-teens, he and his older brother Merle, who plays bass guitar, formed their first band, Little Sister's Date, which lasted a little over a year; the group covered songs by Aerosmith and other popular hard rock bands of the time period. Both Allin and his brother Merle gained a strong interest in punk rock; the Ramones and the Stooges were a strong influence on Allin. Allin graduated from Concord High School in Concord, Vermont in 1975, shortly after formed the band Malpractice with his older brother, local musician Jeff Penny, Brian Demurs.
Allin played the drums for Malpractice until the band separated in 1977. He became the drummer for the band Stripsearch, which released one 7" single, containing the songs "Galileo" and "Jesus Over New York". From September 1977 to April 1984, Allin performed as front man for the Jabbers, in which he played drums and performed vocals. Allin's 1980 debut album was Always Was, Always Shall Be for Orange Records, it would be reissued for the first time on CD in 1995 by the Halycon imprint. At one point, industry veteran and the Dead Boys producer Genya Ravan served as his manager. Tension within the Jabbers mounted as Allin grew uncontrollable and vicious; the Jabbers disbanded. Allin fronted many acts during the early to mid-1980s; this includes albums from the Cedar Street Sluts, the Scumfucs in 1982 and the Texas Nazis in 1985. Allin remained in the underground hardcore scene yet was not part of the East Coast hardcore scene, his performances in Manchester, New Hampshire with the Cedar Street Sluts earned him the nickname of "the madman of Manchester."
Allin gained wider attention with the ROIR cassette-only release of Hated in the Nation containing tracks from Allin's out-of-print catalog with the Jabbers, the Scumfucs and Cedar Street Sluts. The tape featured several in-studio and in-concert
Brutality and Bloodshed for All
Brutality and Bloodshed for All is the eighth and final studio album by GG Allin and The Murder Junkies, released after his death in 1993. All songs were written. Copies of Brutality and Bloodshed for All comes with a photograph of GG Allin from his viewing, alongside a copy of his birth and death certificates. All CD copies of Brutality and Bloodshed for All come with a bonus track, not found on any other version. Additionally CD reissues of Brutality and Bloodshed for All claim to have a different track listing, yet follows the same exact ordering as other versions, except for the appearance of the bonus track. "Highest Power" "Kill Thy Father, Rape Thy Mother" "Anal Cunt" "Raw, Brutal and Bloody" "Shoot, Strangle and Crucify" "I Kill Everything I Fuck" "Shove That Warrant Up Your Ass" "My Sadistic Killing Spree" "I'll Slice Yer Fucking Throat" "Terror in America" "Fuck Off, We Murder" "Take Aim and Fire" "Bastard Son of a Loaded Gun" "Legalize Murder" "Brutality and Bloodshed for All"All songs were composed by Allin/Weber except for: "Highest Power" by GG Allin.
Allin. GG Allin – vocals William Gilmore Weber III – guitar, backing vocals Merle Allin – bass, backing vocals Donald Saches – drums, backing vocalsOn track 5: David Peel, Barbara Kitson, Kembra Pfahler, Johnny Puke – backing vocals
The Ohio Express is an American bubblegum pop band, formed in Mansfield, Ohio in 1967. Though marketed as a band, it would be more accurate to say that the name "Ohio Express" served as a brand name used by Jerry Kasenetz's and Jeffry Katz's Super K Productions to release the music of a number of different musicians and acts; the best known songs of Ohio Express were the work of an assemblage of studio musicians working out of New York, including singer/songwriter Joey Levine. Several other "Ohio Express" hits were the work of other, unrelated musical groups, including the Rare Breed, an early incarnation of 10cc. In addition, a separate touring version of Ohio Express appeared at all live dates, recorded some of the band's album tracks; the question of, the "real" Ohio Express is difficult to answer. The first record credited to The Ohio Express was "Beg and Steal", a "Louie Louie" derivation which became a Top 40 hit in the US and Canada in late 1967; however the same record had been issued as by the Rare Breed in early 1966 on Attack Records.
This failed to chart nationally, though it did see regional chart action in New Utah. The Rare Breed issued one more single in 1966 on Attack, "Come and Take a Ride in My Boat", a minor chart hit in the US southwest though this single failed to chart nationally; the Rare Breed apparently had a dispute with Super K Productions and left the company, never to record again. The band's original recording of "Beg, Borrow & Steal" sung by former member Michael Fenneken, was re-mixed and re-issued in August 1967 on Cameo Parkway Records, now credited to the Ohio Express; the record was a No. 1 single in Columbus, Ohio, by early September, became a hit across Canada and the US through the following months. The otherwise exhaustively annotated Nuggets box set suggests the Rare Breed were from New York or New Jersey, but offers no other data. However, a 2003 interview and a 2009 YouTube post of a performance of "Beg and Steal" identifies the members of the Rare Breed as John Freno, Barry Stolnick, Joel Feigenbaum, Alexander "Bots" Narbut and Tony Cambria, all from Brooklyn and the Bronx, New York.
With no group available to promote the single by playing live dates, Super K Productions hired a Mansfield, band known as Sir Timothy & the Royals and renamed them the Ohio Express. The lineup consisted of Dale Powers, Dean Kastran, Jim Pfahler and Tim Corwin; this group toured as the Ohio Express, their touring commitments made it difficult for them to head into the New York-based Super K offices to record a follow-up single to "Beg and Steal". Of the "official" group members, only Dale Powers appeared on the second single credited to Ohio Express, a cover of the Standells' "Try It"; the single stalled well outside the US Top 40, peaking at No. 83. The group soon recorded an album called "Beg and Steal", it mixed the original Rare Breed title track with tracks recorded by the Ohio Express touring group, as well as tracks recorded by the Super K staff musicians with vocals by Powers. The LP came out on Cameo-Parkway Records of Philadelphia in the autumn of 1967; the record label went into bankruptcy shortly after that and was purchased by music business mogul Allen Klein, who owns the masters to this day.
Two songs on the "Beg and Steal" LP, "I Find I Think of You" and "And It's True", were recorded by the Kent, band the Measles, led by Joe Walsh of the Eagles and the James Gang. In addition, the Measles recorded an instrumental version of "And It's True", placed on the B-side of the "Beg and Steal" single; the Ohio Express moved to the home label of bubblegum pop, Buddah Records. At the same time, Joey Levine was coming up with new material for the Ohio Express at the behest of Super K Productions, he recorded a demo version of the track "Yummy Yummy Yummy" with Super K staff musicians and his own guide vocal for the Ohio Express to record over. However, Buddah head Neil Bogart liked the demo enough that he released the record "as is", with Levine's vocals intact and no input at all from the touring version of the Ohio Express; the song became an international smash hit, peaking at #4 US, #5 UK, #5 Ireland, #7 Australia and #1 Canada. Two months after its issue it had sold over one million copies, was granted gold disc status by the R.
I. A. A. in June 1968. The success of the Levine-led "Yummy Yummy Yummy" set a pattern for the Ohio Express, they released four LPs and a multitude of singles for Buddah between 1968 and 1970, but the "official" group that appeared on album sleeves and at live shows contributed not a single note to their hit singles. For the year following the release of "Yummy Yummy Yummy", all Ohio Express singles were co-written and sung by Levine, with musical accompaniment by anonymous New York session musicians. Under this arrangement, in 1968 and 1969 the group scored three further top 40 hits in the US, Canada and Australia with "Down at Lulu's", "Chewy Chewy" and "Mercy". "Chewy Chewy" was the group's second million seller by March 1969. Around this time, the group name lost the definite article, becoming "Ohio Express" for most releases from this point forward. There are no known occasions of Levine performing with the "official" Ohi
Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock, they produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; the term "punk rock" was first used by certain American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and subsequent acts perceived as stylistic inheritors. Between 1974 and 1976 the movement now called. By late 1976, bands such as Television and the Ramones in New York City, the Sex Pistols, the Clash, the Damned in London, the Saints in Brisbane were recognized as forming its vanguard; as 1977 approached, punk became a major and controversial cultural phenomenon in the UK. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion through distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.
In 1977 the influence of the music and subculture became more pervasive. It took root in a wide range of local scenes that rejected affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as new acts that were not active during its formative years adopted the style. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk, street punk and anarcho-punk became the predominant modes of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk pursued other musical directions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new wave, indie pop, alternative rock, noise rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged in the mainstream with the success of punk rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day, The Offspring, Blink-182; the first wave of punk rock was "aggressively modern" and differed from what came before. According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone, "In its initial form, a lot of stuff was innovative and exciting. What happens is that people who could not hold a candle to the likes of Hendrix started noodling away.
Soon you had endless solos. By 1973, I knew that what was needed was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock'n' roll." John Holmstrom, founding editor of Punk magazine, recalls feeling "punk rock had to come along because the rock scene had become so tame that like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans and roll meant this wild and rebellious music." In critic Robert Christgau's description, "It was a subculture that scornfully rejected the political idealism and Californian flower-power silliness of hippie myth." Technical accessibility and a Do. UK pub rock from 1972-1975 contributed to the emergence of punk rock by developing a network of small venues, such as pubs, where non-mainstream bands could play. Pub rock introduced the idea of independent record labels, such as Stiff Records, which put out basic, low-cost records. Pub rock bands put out small pressings of their records. In the early days of punk rock, this DIY ethic stood in marked contrast to what those in the scene regarded as the ostentatious musical effects and technological demands of many mainstream rock bands.
Musical virtuosity was looked on with suspicion. According to Holmstrom, punk rock was "rock and roll by people who didn't have many skills as musicians but still felt the need to express themselves through music". In December 1976, the English fanzine Sideburns published a now-famous illustration of three chords, captioned "This is a chord, this is another, this is a third. Now form a band"; the title of a 1980 single by the New York punk band Stimulators, "Loud Fast Rules!", inscribed a catchphrase for punk's basic musical approach. Some of British punk rock's leading figures made a show of rejecting not only contemporary mainstream rock and the broader culture it was associated with, but their own most celebrated music predecessors: "No Elvis, Beatles or the Rolling Stones in 1977", declared the Clash song "1977"; the previous year, when the punk rock revolution began in Great Britain, was to be both a musical and a cultural "Year Zero". As nostalgia was discarded, many in the scene adopted a nihilistic attitude summed up by the Sex Pistols slogan "No Future".
While "self-imposed alienation" was common among "drunk punks" and "gutter punks", there was always a tension between their nihilistic outlook and the "radical leftist utopianism" of bands such as Crass, who found positive, liberating meaning in the movement. As a Clash associate describes singer Joe Strummer's outlook, "Punk rock is meant to be our freedom. We're meant to be able to do what we want to do."The issue of authenticity is important in the punk subculture—the pejorative term "poseur" is applied to those who associate with punk and adopt its stylistic attributes but are deemed not to share or understand the underlying values and philosophy. Scholar Daniel S. Traber argues that "attaining authenticity in the punk identity can be difficult".
You'll Never Tame Me
You'll Never Tame Me is the third full-length studio album by American punk rock musician GG Allin and released in 1985 with the backing band The Scumfucs. Like Eat My Fuc before it, the lyrics continued to contain shock value, although Allin's singing voice, for the most part, had yet to deteriorate to a husky growl. Included on the album are two rewrites of Hank Williams Jr. songs, "Women I've Never Had" and "Family Tradition." Allin retitled his own versions "Fuck Women I've Never Had" and "Scumfuc Tradition" respectively. Released in cassette in 1985, the album was re-released in CD format by Black & Blue Records in 1999. Fuck Women I've Never Had I Want to Fuck Myself Needle Up My Cock Assfuckin, Butt Suckin, Cunt Lickin, Masturbation You'll Never Tame Me Torture You Bite It You Scum Scumfuc Tradition I Fuck The Dead I Wanna Die Kill The Children, Save The Food I Wanna Piss On You GG Allin discography