Moonee Valley Racecourse
Moonee Valley Racecourse is a horse-racing track in Melbourne, Australia. Moonee Valley Racecourse was established in 1883 by William Samuel Cox, who purchased a farm belonging to John F. Feehan for the purpose of establishing a racetrack. Being freehold land owned by a private club, this separates Moonee Valley from other Melbourne racecourse such as Caulfield and Flemington. Expansion of the racecourse facilities occurred in the 1960s, funded by compensation for land acquired for the construction of the adjacent Tullamarine Freeway. In the 1970s harness racing moved to the Valley, when night trotting relocated from the Royal Melbourne Showgrounds. MVRC official website
The Caulfield Guineas is a Melbourne Racing Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race held over 1600 metres at set weights for three-year-old horses at Caulfield Racecourse, Australia. Total prize money is A$2 million; the race is held annually on the second Saturday in October and forms part of the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival at Caulfield Racecourse. The Guineas, as the race is known, starts the three-day Caulfield carnival. During World War II the race was run at Flemington Racecourse. Regarded as one of the blue riband events for three-year-olds, the Guineas is regarded as a stallion making race for the winner, has been won by a host of star gallopers who have gone on to multiple G1 success; these included Starspangledbanner, Weekend Hussler. Earlier winners include celebrated champion sires Redoute's Choice. Looking further back, other outstanding winners include Mahogany, Red Anchor, champion sprinter Manikato, 2YO Triple Crown winner Luskin Star, Vain, Storm Queen, the inaugural Australian Racing Hall of Fame inductee Tulloch, Ajax II.
1881–1971 - 1 mile 1972 onwards - 1600 metres 1886–1978 - Principal race 1979 onwards - Group 1 Thoroughbreds that have won the Caulfield Guineas – W S Cox Plate double: Star Affair, Rajah Sahib, †Surround, Red Anchor Thoroughbreds that have won the Caulfield Guineas – Victoria Derby double: Wallace, †Lady Wallace, Eusebius, Liberal, Lucrative, Great Britain, Coppelius, Sovereign Red, Red Anchor, Helenus List of Australian Group races Group races
The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most famous annual Thoroughbred horse race. It is a 3200-metre race for three-year-olds and over, conducted by the Victoria Racing Club on the Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Victoria as part of the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival, it is the richest "two-mile" handicap in the world, one of the richest turf races. The event starts at 3pm on the first Tuesday in November and is known locally as "the race that stops a nation"; the Melbourne Cup has a long tradition, with the first race held in 1861. It was over two miles but was shortened to 3,200 metres in 1972 when Australia adopted the metric system; this reduced the distance by 18.688 metres, Rain Lover's 1968 race record of 3:19.1 was accordingly adjusted to 3:17.9. The present record holder is the 1990 winner Kingston Rule with a time of 3:16.3. The race is a quality handicap for horses 3 years old and over, run over a distance of 3200 metres, on the first Tuesday in November at Flemington Racecourse; the minimum handicap weight is 50 kg.
There is no maximum weight. The weight allocated to each horse is declared by the VRC Handicapper in early September; the Melbourne Cup race is a handicap contest in which the weight of the jockey and riding gear is adjusted with ballast to a nominated figure. Older horses carry more weight than younger ones, weights are adjusted further according to the horse's previous results. Weights were theoretically calculated to give each horse an equal winning chance in the past, but in recent years the rules were adjusted to a "quality handicap" formula where superior horses are given less severe weight penalties than under pure handicap rules. After the declaration of weights for the Melbourne Cup, the winner of any handicap flat race of the advertised value of A$55,000 or over to the winner, or an internationally recognised Listed, Group, or Graded handicap flat race, shall carry such additional weight, for each win, as the VRC Handicapper shall determine. Entries for the Melbourne Cup close during the first week of August.
The initial entry fee is $600 per horse. Around 300 to 400 horses are nominated each year. Following the allocation of weights, the owner of each horse must on four occasions before the race in November, declare the horse as an acceptor and pay a fee. First acceptance is $960, second acceptance is $1,450 and third acceptance is $2,420; the final acceptance fee, on the Saturday prior to the race, is $45,375. Should a horse be balloted out of the final field, the final declaration fee is refunded; the race directors retain the absolute discretion to exclude any horse from the race, or exempt any horse from the ballot on the race, but in order to reduce the field to the safety limit of 24, horses are balloted out based on a number of factors which include: 1000 prize money earned in the previous two years, 9 wins or placings in certain lead-up races 3 allocated handicap weight The winner of the following races are exempt from any ballot: Lexus Stakes LKS Mackinnon Stakes Cox Plate Caulfield Cup The Bart Cummings Andrew Ramsden Stakes Doncaster Cup Irish St. Leger Tenno Sho Sankei Sho All Comers Arlington Million San Juan Capistrano Handicap Australian Stayers ChallengeThe limitation of 24 starters is stated explicitly to be for safety reasons.
However, in the past far larger numbers were allowed - the largest field raced was 39 runners in 1890. International horses that are entered for the Melbourne Cup must undergo quarantine in an approved premises in their own country for a minimum period of 14 days before travelling to Australia; the premises must meet the Australian Government Standards. The Werribee International Horse Centre at Werribee racecourse is the Victorian quarantine station for international horses competing in the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival; the facility has stabling for up to 24 horses in five separate stable complexes and is located 32 km from the Melbourne CBD. The total prize money for the 2018 race is A$7,300,000, plus trophies valued at $250,000; the first 12 past the post receive prize money, with the winner Cross Counter being paid $4 million, second $1 million, third $500,000, fourth $250,000, fifth $175,000, with sixth through to twelve place earning $150,000. Prizemoney is distributed to the connections of each horse in the ratio of 85 percent to the owner, 10 percent to the trainer and 5 percent to the jockey.
The 1985 Melbourne Cup, won by "What a Nuisance", was the first race run in Australia with prize money of $1 million. The Cup has a $500,000 bonus for the owner of the winner if it has won the group one Irish St. Leger run the previous September; the winner of the first Melbourne Cup in 1861 received a gold watch. The first Melbourne Cup trophy was awarded in 1865 and was an elaborate silver bowl on a stand, manufactured in England; the first existing and un-altered Melbourne Cup is from 1866, presented to the owners of The Barb. The silver trophy presented in 1867, now in the National Museum of Australia, was made in England but jewellers in Victoria complained to the Victorian Racing Club that the trophy should have been made locally, they believed the work of Melbournian, William Edwards, to be superior in both design and workmanship to the English made trophy. No trophy was awarded to the Melbourne Cup winner for the next eight years. In 1876 Edward Fischer, an immigrant from Austria, produced the first Australian-made trophy.
It was an Etruscan shape with two handles
LKS Mackinnon Stakes
The Seppelt Mackinnon Stakes, registered as the LKS Mackinnon Stakes, is a Victoria Racing Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race run under Weight for Age conditions over a distance of 2000 metres at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia on the last day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival, the Saturday after the Melbourne Cup. Total prize money is A$2,000,000 and $2,500 trophy; the original race was named after a former chairman of the Victoria Racing Club, Lauchlan Kenneth Scobie MacKinnon. It was held on the first day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival, VRC Victoria Derby Day. In 2016, the VRC moved the race to the last day of the carnival and renamed the race, formally called the Emirates Stakes. Prior to 2016, many horses with a ranking high enough to avoid the ballot for the Melbourne Cup used the race as a lead-in to the 3,200 metre Cup, run on the first Tuesday in November; the VRC believed that placing the race on the last day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival would attract quality horses, that raced in the W.
S. Cox Plate, to run rather than using the race to prepare for the Melbourne Cup. 1869–1936 - Melbourne StakesIn 1937 the VRC moved the Melbourne Stakes to earlier in the spring, running it in September, over a shorter distance of 1 mile. The race was the predecessor to the Turnbull Stakes. 1937–2015 - LKS Mackinnon Stakes 2016–2017 - Emirates Stakes 2018 - Seppelt Mackinnon Stakes 1869–1971 - 11⁄4 miles 1972 onwards - 2000 metres 1869–1978 - Principal Race 1979 onwards - Group 1 The following thoroughbreds have won the LKS MacKinnon Stakes – Melbourne Cup in the same year. Malua, Phar Lap, Peter Pan, The Trump, Comic Court, Dalray, Rising Fast, Rain Lover, At Talaq, Empire Rose, Let's Elope, Rogan Josh List of Australian Group races Group races
The Caulfield Cup is a Melbourne Racing Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race held under handicap conditions although the MRC is in the process to turn the race into weight for age conditions, for horses aged three years old and older, over a distance of 2400 metres. It is held at Caulfield Racecourse, Australia in mid October; the prizemoney is A$5,000,000. The race has become one of Australia's richest Thoroughbred horse races and the richest of its type in the world; the race is held annually in final day of the MRC Spring Carnival. Performances in the Caulfield Cup are one of the possible qualification methods for a run in the Melbourne Cup, held 16 days later. During World War II the race was run at Flemington Racecourse and in 1943 the race was run in divisions; the field is limited 18 starters with 4 emergency entries, decided by a ballot system. The prize money and placing in lead up races are among the major factors that determine the eligibility of a horse. Automatic entry are awarded to winners of the Toorak Handicap, Herbert Power Stakes and the Mornington Cup.
1879–1971 - 11⁄2 miles 1972 onwards - 2400 metres 1879–1978 - Principal Race 1979 onwards - Group 1 The following thoroughbreds have won the Cups Double: Caulfield Cup – Melbourne Cup in the same year. Poseidon, The Trump, Rising Fast, Even Stevens, Gurner's Lane, Let’s Elope, Doriemus and Power and Ethereal; the Australian Test cricketer Clem Hill was the handicapper for the Victoria Amateur Turf Club and responsible for setting the weights for the Caulfield Cup from 1937 to 1943. Jockey Scobie Breasley rode the winner of four consecutive Caulfield Cups from 1942 to 1945; this included a division of the 1943 race, run in two divisions. He holds the record for most wins by a jockey of the race - 5 wins. Trainer Bart Cummings holds the record for training Caulfield Cup winners with seven - Galilee, Big Philou, Ming Dynasty, Let's Elope and Viewed. 2014 Caulfield Cup winner Admire Rakti died after his run in the Melbourne Cup by natural causes Horses trained outside Australia and New Zealand have been participating in the race since 1998.
Five have won the race. They are Taufan's Melody for British trainer Lady Herries, All the Good and Best Solution for Saeed bin Suroor of the Godolphin stables, Dunaden for French trainer Mikel Delzangles and Admire Rakti for Japanese trainer Tomoyuki Umeda; the worst race fall in Australian history occurred at the 1885 Caulfield Cup when 15 of the 44 horses competing fell as they turned onto the straight, resulting in the death of 25-year-old jockey Donald Nicolson. In 2007, Maldivian and Eskimo Queen were late scratchings. Maldivian, shortest price favourite for 41 years and injured himself in the starting stalls, frightening second priced favourite Eskimo Queen who for a time was trapped beneath the stalls; the race started nine minutes late. In March 2015, BMW Australia and Melbourne Racing Club announced a reunion in partnership, effective as of August 1, 2015, after the 8-year partnership ended in 2014. List of Australian Group races Group races Caulfield Cup placegetters since 1949
The Toorak Handicap is a Melbourne Racing Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race run as an open handicap race, over a distance of 1,600 metres at Caulfield Racecourse, Australia. The prizemoney is A$500,000; the race is held annually in October on Caulfield Guineas day, the first day of the MRC Spring Carnival. During World War II the race was run at Flemington Racecourse; the G1 1400 metre Sir Rupert Clarke Stakes, held three weeks earlier under the same handicap conditions at Caulfield is considered the predominant lead up race. Thoroughbreds which perform well he either follow up by entering the G1 Emirates Stakes in the Spring Carnival; some of the classier thoroughbreds are successful. 1886–1980 - Toorak Handicap 1981–1984 - The IXL 1985–1989 - The Elders Mile 1990 onwards - Toorak Handicap 1886–1890 - 1 mile 1891 - 11⁄8 miles 1892–1971 - 1 mile 1972 onwards - 1600 metres 1886–1978 - Principal Race 1979 onwards - Group 1 Thoroughbreds that have won the Toorak Handicap – Caulfield Cup double: The Trump, Royal Gem, Tobin Bronze, Leilani.
List of Australian Group races Group races
The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbreds are considered "hot-blooded" horses that are known for their agility and spirit; the Thoroughbred as it is known today was developed in 17th- and 18th-century England, when native mares were crossbred with imported Oriental stallions of Arabian and Turkoman breeding. All modern Thoroughbreds can trace their pedigrees to three stallions imported into England in the 17th century and 18th century and to a larger number of foundation mares of English breeding. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Thoroughbred breed spread throughout the world. Millions of Thoroughbreds exist today, around 100,000 foals are registered each year worldwide. Thoroughbreds are used for racing, but are bred for other riding disciplines such as show jumping, combined training, dressage and fox hunting.
They are commonly crossbred to create new breeds or to improve existing ones, have been influential in the creation of the Quarter Horse, Anglo-Arabian, various warmblood breeds. Thoroughbred racehorses perform with maximum exertion, which has resulted in high accident rates and health problems such as bleeding from the lungs. Other health concerns include low fertility, abnormally small hearts and a small hoof-to-body-mass ratio. There are several theories for the reasons behind the prevalence of accidents and health problems in the Thoroughbred breed, research is ongoing; the typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands high. They are most bay, dark bay or brown, black, or gray. Less common colors recognized in the United States include palomino. White is rare, but is a recognized color separate from gray; the face and lower legs may be marked with white, but white will not appear on the body. Coat patterns that have more than one color on the body, such as Pinto or Appaloosa, are not recognized by mainstream breed registries.
Good-quality Thoroughbreds have a well-chiseled head on a long neck, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, good depth of hindquarters, a lean body, long legs. Thoroughbreds are classified among the "hot-blooded" breeds, which are animals bred for agility and speed and are considered spirited and bold. Thoroughbreds born in the Northern Hemisphere are considered a year older on the first of January each year; these artificial dates have been set to enable the standardization of races and other competitions for horses in certain age groups. The Thoroughbred is a distinct breed of horse, although people sometimes refer to a purebred horse of any breed as a thoroughbred; the term for any horse or other animal derived from a single breed line is purebred. While the term came into general use because the English Thoroughbred's General Stud Book was one of the first breed registries created, in modern usage horse breeders consider it incorrect to refer to any animal as a thoroughbred except for horses belonging to the Thoroughbred breed.
Nonetheless, breeders of other species of purebred animals may use the two terms interchangeably, though thoroughbred is less used for describing purebred animals of other species. The term is a proper noun referring to this specific breed, though not capitalized in non-specialist publications, outside the US. For example, the Australian Stud Book, The New York Times, the BBC do not capitalize the word. Flat racing existed in England by at least 1174, when four-mile races took place at Smithfield, in London. Racing continued at fairs and markets throughout the Middle Ages and into the reign of King James I of England, it was that handicapping, a system of adding weight to attempt to equalize a horse's chances of winning as well as improved training procedures, began to be used. During the reigns of Charles II, William III, George I, the foundation of the Thoroughbred was laid; the term "thro-bred" to describe horses was first used in 1713. Under Charles II, a keen racegoer and owner, Anne, royal support was given to racing and the breeding of race horses.
With royal support, horse racing became popular with the public, by 1727, a newspaper devoted to racing, the Racing Calendar, was founded. Devoted to the sport, it recorded race results and advertised upcoming meets. All modern Thoroughbreds trace back to three stallions imported into England from the Middle East in the late 17th and early 18th centuries: the Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin Arabian. Other stallions of oriental breeding were less influential, but still made noteworthy contributions to the breed; these included the Alcock's Arabian, D'Arcy's White Turk, Leedes Arabian, Curwen's Bay Barb. Another was the Brownlow Turk, among other attributes, is thought to be responsible for the gray coat color in Thoroughbreds. In all, about 160 stallions of Oriental breeding have been traced in the historical record as contributing to the creation of the Thoroughbred; the addition of horses of Eastern bloodlines, whether Arabian, Barb, or Turk, to the native English mares led to the creation of the General Stud Book in 1791 and the practice of official registration of horses.
According to Peter Willett, about 50% of the foundation stallions appear to have been of Arabian bloodlines, wit