Apollo Bay is a coastal town in southwestern Victoria, Australia. It is situated on the eastern side of Cape Otway, along the edge of the Barham River and on the Great Ocean Road, in the Colac Otway Shire; the town had a population of 1,598 at the 2016 census. It is now a tourist destination, though it is smaller and quieter than other nearby places such as Lorne, it is host to the annual Apollo Bay Music Festival and the Great Ocean Sports Festival. In winter to spring, southern right whales come to the area to breed, to give birth their calves, to raise them in the warmer, calm waters of South Australia during their migration season. Less humpback whales can be seen off the coast. Apollo Bay is part of the traditional lands of the Gadubanud, or King Parrot people, of the Cape Otway coast. By the early 19th century, the area was being frequented by whalers from Sydney. In the 1840s the Henty brothers established a whaling station at Point Bunbury on the western end of the bay; the bay was named by a Captain Loutit in 1845 when he sheltered his vessel, the Apollo, here from a storm.
The first European settlers were timber cutters in the 1850s. Although the bay provided a sheltered anchorage, the lack of a suitable pier meant that logs were floated out to sea to be loaded on to ships. A township on Apollo Bay was named Middleton. In the 1860s, farming land was made available and in the mid 1870s, the first blocks in the township were offered for sale. Middleton post office opened on 1 May 1873. A school was opened in 1880. In 1881, the town and post office was renamed Krambruk; that was changed to Apollo Bay in 1898. During this period the only access to the area was by sea, but a coach service from Birregurra to Apollo Bay was inaugurated in 1889; the pier at Point Bunbury was swept away in a storm. The "Long Pier" was built at a more sheltered site in 1892; the town plan indicated that Pascoe Street would be the main thoroughfare, but the erection of several buildings on Collingwood Street meant that it became Apollo Bay's commercial centre. With the upgrade of the road to the town in 1927, the completion of the Great Ocean Road in 1932, the area became a tourist destination and an important fishing port.
On July 10, 1932 the coastal steamer Casino sank. Ten lives were lost. Many earlier shipwrecks had occurred along the Cape Otway coastline. In 1936 a submarine telegraph and telephone cable from Apollo Bay to Stanley provided the first telephone connection to Tasmania from the mainland; the Apollo Bay Telegraph station is now a museum. Events and festivals held in Apollo Bay include: Winterwild Great Ocean Road Marathon Apollo Bay Seafood Festival Apollo Bay and Otway District Show The Apollo Bay Music Festival. A poster for the festival of 1999 by Jeff Ragus was featured on a postage stamp issued by Australia Post in 2006; the Apollo Bay Surf Lifesaving Club was established in 1952 as a result of a meeting held on the foreshore by interested townspeople and Surf Lifesaving Victoria officials. The Apollo Bay SLSC became the ninth club to be affiliated with Surf Lifesaving Victoria, it is now affiliated with the new amalgamation between two Victorian lifesaving organisations: Life Saving Victoria.
The Apollo Bay Sailing Club aims to provide a wide range of opportunities in sailing to a diverse range of abilities and age groups. Apollo Bay Golf Club is on Nelson Street- and Apollo Bay Pony Club -; the town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the District Football League. See Sports & Recreation on the Apollo Bay Community Website Apollo Bay has hosted overnight stops on the Great Victorian Bike Ride five times, including serving as the host for the rest day on the last four of those visits. Neil Melville – an actor born in Sydney, but spent his childhood in Apollo Bay Sid O'Neil, Ted O'Neil, Michael Fitzgerald – members of the rock band The Vasco Era H. A. Willis – essayist, spent his early childhood in Apollo Bay Category:Apollo Bay, Victoria on Wikimedia Commons Media related to Apollo Bay, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Apollo Bay travel guide from Wikivoyage Apollo Bay - Community Website Apollo Bay - Official government tourism website
Camperdown is a significant rural town in southwestern Victoria, Australia, 190 kilometres west of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2016 census, Camperdown had a population of 3,369; the Djargurd Wurrung people were the traditional Aboriginal people of the Camperdown area, who had lived in the area for countless generations as a semi-nomadic hunter gatherer society. The first British settlers, the Manifold brothers, arrived in the area from Van Diemen's Land after 1835 to establish sheep and cattle runs. Settlement was met with resistance by some of the local Aborigines, the area's history recorded instances of mutual assistance and friendship between native and settler peoples. Notable on this account is the family of David Fenton, the Scottish Presbyterian shepherd and drover who built the first house in Camperdown in 1853. In 1883 Wombeetch Puuyuun died at the age of 43 and was buried in a bog outside the bounds of Camperdown Cemetery, his friend, James Dawson was shocked at this burial upon his return from a trip to Scotland, reburied Wombeetch in Camperdown Cemetery.
He appealed for money to raise a monument, but finding little public support, he funded the monument himself. The 7 metre obelisk was erected as a memorial to Wombeetch Puuyuun and the Aborigines of the district, has been described as being still inspiring today; the town was surveyed in 1851 and named Camperdown after the Scottish naval hero Lord Viscount Adam Duncan the Earl of Camperdown. The first dwelling was erected on the site of the present Commercial Hotel in 1853 and the Post Office opened on 1 January 1854 replacing an earlier one in the area named Timboon, it became the service centre for the vast pastoral empires of the region. The Port Fairy railway line was opened in 1883, branch lines extended from it to other parts of the south-west of the state. By the mid 20th century Camperdown had emerged as a more diverse centre for dairy farming which drew on its rich volcanic soil, for woolgrowing and for produce processing industries. By the late 20th century the town had become a major centre for tourism because of its unspoiled 19th century architecture and as a gateway to the southern tourist attractions of the Otway Ranges, the Great Ocean Road and the'Shipwreck Coast'.
In more recent years, the drought in Australia in the 21st has affected Camperdown's dairy industry. Camperdown lies within the'Lakes and Craters' region, sitting at the foot of Mount Leura which together with nearby Mount Sugarloaf are part of a large extinct volcanic complex known as the "Leura Maar". To the immediate west are the deep volcanic crater lakes Bullen-Merri and Gnotuk while to the east is the crater lake Purrumbete popular for its Trout and Chinook Salmon fishing, it is the starting point of the Crater to Coast Rail Trail which, when completed, will reach Port Campbell. It terminates in Timboon; the town is renowned for its classic historical buildings. Central is the 103-foot high Gothic Manifold Clock Tower, built 1897, which sits in a wide Elm lined median between the dual carriageways of Manifold Street, named in honour of one of the pioneer pastoralists. Tower, Boer War memorial, Soldiers' memorial, memorial cross and JC Manifold statue are all listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.
Among the many other classic buildings are the 1886-7 two storey Georgian style Court House, the 1863 two storey bluestone Post Office, Theatre Royal and Masonic Hall. The town has a life-sized statue of the Scottish poet Robert Burns, carved from sandstone in the 1830s and based on the earliest painting of the Bard. Efforts to restore the statue led to a festival celebrating the town's connection with Burns being held in 2012 and annually. Camperdown was part of the East Riding of the Shire of Hampden, incorporated in 1857. On 9 September 1952, Camperdown incorporated as a separate borough, it became a town on 21 January 1959. See Town of Camperdown. On 23 September 1994, the Town was abolished, merged with Shire of Hampden, most of Shire of Heytesbury and parts of Colac and the area around Princetown on the Great Ocean Road into the Shire of Corangamite; the Town of Camperdown was not subdivided into wards, the nine councillors represented the entire area. Camperdown is situated on the Princes Highway, the main through road and the main street.
A dual carriageway with a large central reservation and secondary service street runs through the centre of town. The highway runs west to Terang and beyond to Warrnambool and east beyond to Geelong. Secondary roads include the Camperdown-Lismore Road which heads north to Lismore and the Camperdown-Cobden Road which heads south to Cobden. Just west at Gnotuk is the Darlington Road. Road coaches provide links within Camperdown, to neighbouring towns and nearby cities and these services include Cobden, Timboon and the city of Ballarat; the town's railway station is served by V/Line passenger services on the Warrnambool line linking it to the cities of Warrnambool and beyond to Melbourne. The town has many sporting clubs. Archery, cricket, golf, horse riding, lawn bowls and tennis, water skiing and yachting have competitions in and around the town; the Camperdown community is involved in competitive sport with the principal sport being Australian Rules Football. The town has a football team playing in the Hampden Football League.
Camperdown has a horse racing club, the Camperdown Turf Club, which holds one race meetings a year, the Camperdown Cup meeting in Jan
A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit for its inherent or an exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement. Places of natural beauty such as beaches, tropical island resorts, national parks, mountains and forests, are examples of traditional tourist attractions which people may visit. Cultural tourist attractions can include historical places, ancient temples, aquaria and art galleries, botanical gardens and structures, theme parks and carnivals, living history museums, public art, ethnic enclave communities, historic trains and cultural events. Factory tours, industrial heritage, creative art and crafts workshops are the object of cultural niches like industrial tourism and creative tourism. Many tourist attractions are landmarks. Tourist attractions are created to capitalise on legends such as a supposed UFO crash site near Roswell, New Mexico and the alleged Loch Ness monster sightings in Scotland.
Ghost sightings make tourist attractions. Ethnic communities may become tourist attractions, such as Chinatowns in the United States and the black British neighbourhood of Brixton in London, England. In the United States and marketers of attractions advertise tourist attractions on billboards along the sides of highways and roadways in remote areas. Tourist attractions distribute free promotional brochures to be displayed in rest areas, information centers, fast food restaurants, motel rooms or lobbies. While some tourist attractions provide visitors a memorable experience for a reasonable admission charge or for free, others may be of low quality and overprice their goods and services in order to profit excessively from tourists; such places are known as tourist traps. Within cities, rides on boats and sightseeing buses are sometimes popular. Novelty attractions are oddities such as the "biggest ball of twine" in Cawker City, the Corn Palace in Mitchell, South Dakota, or Carhenge in Alliance, where old cars serve in the place of stones in a replica of Stonehenge.
Novelty attractions are part of Midwestern culture. A tourist destination is a city, town, or other area, dependent to a significant extent on revenues from tourism, or "a country, region, city, or town, marketed or markets itself as a place for tourists to visit", it may contain one or more tourist attractions and some "tourist traps". Fátima town, for example, is a popular tourist destination in Portugal. Siem Reap town is a popular tourist destination in Cambodia owing to its proximity to the Angkor temples; the Loire valley, the third tourist destination in France, is a good example of a region marketed and branded as a place for tourists to visit known for its Châteaux of the Loire valley. A tropical island resort is an island or archipelago that depends on tourism as its source of revenue; the Bahamas in the Caribbean, Bali in Indonesia, Phuket in Thailand, Hawaii in the United States, Palawan in the Philippines, Fiji in the Pacific, Santorini and Ibiza in the Mediterranean are examples of popular island resorts.
France, the United States, Spain were the three most popular international destinations in 2017. The total number of international travelers arriving in those countries was about 234 million, contributing 8.9%, 7.7%, 14.9% to the total GDP of those countries. From the tourism industry supply perspective a destination is defined by a geo-political boundary, destination marketing is most funded by governments. From the traveler perspective, a destination might be perceived quite differently; the tourism industry generates substantial economic benefits for both host countries and tourists' home countries. In developing countries, one of the primary motivations for a region to promote itself as a tourism destination is the expected economic benefit. According to the World Tourism Organization, 698 million people travelled to a foreign country in 2000, spending more than US$478 billion. International tourism receipts combined with passenger transport total more than US$575 billion – making tourism the world's number one export earner, ahead of automotive products, chemicals and food.
Tourist attractions can: Contribute to government revenues.
London Arch is an offshore natural arch formation in the Port Campbell National Park, Australia. The arch is a significant tourist attraction along the Great Ocean Road near Port Campbell in Victoria; this stack was formed by a gradual process of erosion, until 1990 formed a complete double-span natural bridge. The span closer to the shoreline collapsed unexpectedly on 15 January 1990, leaving two tourists stranded on the outer span before being rescued by police helicopter. No one was injured in the event. Prior to the collapse, the arch was known as London Bridge because of its similarity to its namesake; the Twelve Apostles, Victoria Loch Ard Gorge The Gibson Steps The Grotto Percé Rock, another double arch where one collapsed Media related to London Arch at Wikimedia Commons Official Website for 12 Apostles Region of Victoria Why do arches fall? on the website of Geoscience Australia
A stack or sea stack is a geological landform consisting of a steep and vertical column or columns of rock in the sea near a coast, formed by wave erosion. Stacks are formed over time by processes of coastal geomorphology, they are formed when part of a headland is eroded by hydraulic action, the force of the sea or water crashing against the rock. The force of the water weakens cracks in the headland, causing them to collapse, forming free-standing stacks and a small island. Without the constant presence of water, stacks form when a natural arch collapses under gravity, due to sub-aerial processes like wind erosion. Erosion causes the arch to collapse, leaving the pillar of hard rock standing away from the coast—the stack. Erosion will cause the stack to collapse, leaving a stump. Stacks can provide important nesting locations for seabirds, many are popular for rock climbing. Isolated steep-sided, rocky oceanic islets of volcanic origin, are loosely called "stacks" or "volcanic stacks". Stacks form in horizontally-bedded sedimentary or volcanic rocks on limestone cliffs.
The medium hardness of these rocks means medium resistance to abrasive and attritive erosion. A more resistant layer may form a capstone; the formation process begins when the sea attacks small cracks in a headland and opens them. The cracks gradually get larger and turn into a small cave; when the cave wears through the headland, an arch forms. Further erosion causes the arch to collapse, leaving the pillar of hard rock standing away from the coast—the stack. Erosion will cause the stack to collapse, leaving a stump; this stump forms a small rock island, low enough for a high tide to submerge. Ball's Pyramid, the tallest sea stack in the world List of sea stacks Rauk
Bay of Islands Coastal Park
Bay of Islands Coastal Park is a 32 kilometres long coastal reserve located in Victoria, Australia on the Great Ocean Road between Peterborough and Warrnambool. Lookout areas with parking are provided at the Bay of Martyrs, the Bay of Islands, Three Mile Beach and Childers Cove. Official Website for 12 Apostles Region of Victoria Bay of Islands Coastal Park
Aireys Inlet is a small coastal inlet and town located on the Great Ocean Road, southwest of Melbourne, Australia. Aireys Inlet is located between Anglesea and Lorne, joined with Fairhaven to the west. Many surfers holiday in Aireys Inlet to take advantage of the popular Fairhaven beach; as the inclination of the beach can change between years, the surf is regarded as unpredictable. Swimmers should take note. Painkalac Creek, which separates Aireys Inlet from Fairhaven, forms a salt lake or inlet behind the sand dunes before it cuts through to the ocean. Due to low water levels in the inlet it is not that the inlet breaks through. There is a horseshoe-shaped reef at Step Beach which forms an excellent swimming hole at low tide; the towns main attraction, the Split Point Lighthouse overlooks the inlet. The lighthouse has made Aireys Inlet an icon along the Great Ocean Road. In the early 19th century, before European settlement, the escaped convict William Buckley lived here in a primitive hut eating fish, wild raspberries and sugar ants.
Aireys Inlet was known to the Aboriginals of the time as Managwhawz. The town takes its current name from John Moore Cole Airey, who settled in the area in 1842; the Post Office opened on 1 April 1893. At the 2016 census, Aireys Inlet had a population of 802. 83.4% of people were born in Australia and 88.3% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 53.9% and Catholic 16.1%. During the early 1950s the Australian crime author Arthur Upfield lived at Aireys Inlet, his novel The New Shoe is based on the lighthouse. Some of the novel's characters drew on local identities. Many scenes from the children's television series Round the Twist were filmed at or around the area of the Split Point Lighthouse. In 2005 the Bollywood movie Salaam Namaste was produced in Melbourne with many scenes being shot around Aireys Inlet and Anglesea. While the coastline at adjacent Fairhaven is a long uninterrupted sand beach, the coast at Aireys Inlet is a series of rock shelves, interrupted by sandy swimming beaches, most of which are secluded.
Each beach has its own character, a result of differing lengths and nearby rock formations. Beaches include Steppy Beach and Sunnymeade. At low tide it is possible to walk around all these rocks and beaches, making it possible to walk along the beach, all the way from Eastern View - the historical start of the Great Ocean Road, all the way to Anglesea. Aireys Inlet was devastated by the infamous 1983 Ash Wednesday bushfires in which a large number of houses were burnt down. However, after a brief lull, interest in the area resumed and has been climbing since. Properties those with an ocean view, are becoming sought after, some going for greater than A$1 million. Aireys Inlet has a number of heritage listed sites, including: Great Ocean Road Split Point Lightstation Complex Morgan, John; the Life and Adventures of William Buckley: Thirty-two Years a Wanderer amongst the Aborigines of the Unexplored Country round Port Phillip. Canberra: Australian National University Press. ISBN 0-7081-1595-0. Media related to Aireys Inlet, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Split Point Lighthouse History at WebCite Australian Places - Aireys Inlet REIV Aireys Inlet Market Insights, Auction & Private Sale Results