Rodman Edward Serling was an American screenwriter, television producer, narrator known for his live television dramas of the 1950s and his science-fiction anthology TV series, The Twilight Zone. Serling was active in politics, both on and off the screen, helped form television industry standards, he was known as the "angry young man" of Hollywood, clashing with television executives and sponsors over a wide range of issues including censorship and war. Serling was born on December 1924, in Syracuse, New York, to a Jewish family, he was the second of two sons born to Samuel Lawrence Serling. Serling's father had worked as a secretary and amateur inventor before having children, but took on his father-in-law's profession as a grocer to earn a steady income. Sam Serling became a butcher after the Great Depression forced the store to close. Rod had Robert J. Serling, their mother was a homemaker. Serling spent most of his youth 70 miles south of Syracuse in the city of Binghamton after his family moved there in 1926.
His parents encouraged his talents as a performer. Sam Serling built a small stage in the basement, where Rod put on plays, his older brother, writer Robert, recalled that, at the age of six or seven, Rod entertained himself for hours by acting out dialogue from pulp magazines or movies he had seen. Rod talked to people around him without waiting for their answers. On a two-hour trip from Binghamton to Syracuse, the rest of the family remained silent to see if Rod would notice their lack of participation, he did not. In elementary school, Serling was seen as the class clown and dismissed by many of his teachers as a lost cause. However, his seventh-grade English teacher, Helen Foley, encouraged him to enter the school's public speaking extracurriculars, he was a speaker at his high school graduation. He began writing for the school newspaper, in which, according to the journalist Gordon Sander, he "established a reputation as a social activist", he was interested in sports and excelled at tennis and table tennis.
When he attempted to join the varsity football team, he was told. Serling was interested in writing at an early age, he was an avid radio listener interested in thrillers and horror shows. Arch Oboler and Norman Corwin were two of his favorite writers, he "did some staff work at a Binghamton radio station... tried to write... but never had anything published." He was accepted into college during his senior year of high school. However, the United States was involved in World War II at the time, Serling decided to enlist rather than start college after he graduated from Binghamton Central High School in 1943; as editor of his high school newspaper, Serling encouraged his fellow students to support the war effort. He wanted to leave school before graduation to join the fight but his civics teacher talked him into graduating. "War is a temporary thing," Gus Youngstrom told him. "It ends. An education doesn't. Without your degree, where will you be after the war?" Serling enlisted in the U. S. Army the morning after high school graduation, following his brother Robert.
Serling began his military career in 1943 at Camp Toccoa, under General Joseph May "Joe" Swing and Col. Orin D. "Hard Rock" Haugen and served in the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 11th Airborne Division. He reached the rank of Technician Fourth Grade. Over the next year of paratrooper training and others began boxing to vent aggression, he competed as a flyweight and had 17 bouts, rising to the second round of the division finals before being knocked out. He was remembered for berserker style and for "getting his nose broken in his first bout and again in last bout." He tried his hand with little success. On April 25, 1944, Serling saw that he was being sent west to California, he knew. This disappointed him. On May 5, his division headed to the Pacific, landing in New Guinea, where it would be held in reserve for a few months. In November 1944, his division first saw combat; the 11th Airborne Division would not be used as paratroopers, but as light infantry during the Battle of Leyte. It helped mop up after the five divisions.
For a variety of reasons, Serling was transferred to the 511th's demolition platoon, nicknamed "The Death Squad" for its high casualty rate. According to Sergeant Frank Lewis, leader of the demolitions squad, "He screwed up somewhere along the line, he got on someone's nerves." Lewis judged that Serling was not suited to be a field soldier: "he didn't have the wits or aggressiveness required for combat." At one point, Lewis and others were in a firefight, trapped in a foxhole. As they waited for darkness, Lewis noticed. Serling sometimes went exploring on his own, against orders, got lost. Serling's time in Leyte political views for the rest of his life, he saw death every day while in the Philippines, at the hands of his enemies and his allies, through freak accidents such as that which killed another Jewish private, Melvin Levy. Levy was delivering a comic monologue for the platoon as they rested under a palm tree when a food crate was dropped from a plane above, decapitating him. Serling placed a Star of David over his grave.
Death, due to its prominent place in human culture, is imagined as a personified force known as the Grim Reaper. In some mythologies, the Grim Reaper causes the victim's death by coming to collect that person. In turn, people in some stories try to hold on to life by avoiding Death's visit, or by fending Death off with bribery or tricks. Other beliefs hold that the Spectre of Death is only a psychopomp, serving to sever the last ties between the soul and the body, to guide the deceased to the afterlife, without having any control over when or how the victim dies. Death is most personified in male form, although in certain cultures Death is perceived as female. Mot was personified to Canaanites as a god of death, he was considered a son of the king of El. His contest with the storm god Baʿal forms part of the myth cycle discovered in the 1920s in the ruins of Ugarit. Lacunae obscure some of the details, but Mot consumes Baʿal before being split open and mutilated by that god's sister, the warrior'Anat.
After a time, both gods are restored and resume battle before the sun goddess Shapash prompts a truce by warning Mot that, if forced to, El would intervene on Baʿal's behalf. The Phoenicians worshipped death under the name Mot and a version of Mot became Maweth, the devil or angel of death in Judaism. In Ancient Greek religion and Greek mythology, death is one of the children of Nyx. Like her, he is portrayed directly, he sometimes appears in art as a bearded and winged man, less as a winged and beardless youth. He has a twin, the god of sleep. Together and Hypnos represent a gentle death. Thanatos, led by Hermes psychopompos, takes the shade of the deceased to the near shore of the river Styx, whence the boatman Charon, on payment of a small fee, conveys the shade to Hades, the realm of the dead. Homer's Iliad 16.681, the Euphronios Krater's depiction of the same episode, have Apollo instruct the removal of the heroic, semi-divine Sarpedon's body from the battlefield by Hypnos and Thanatos, conveyed thence to his homeland for proper funeral rites.
Among the other children of Nyx are Thanatos' sisters, the Keres, blood-drinking, vengeant spirits of violent or untimely death, portrayed as fanged and taloned, with bloody garments. Breton folklore shows the Ankou; the Ankou is the spirit of the last person that died within the community and appears as a tall, haggard figure with a wide hat and long white hair or a skeleton with a revolving head who sees everyone, everywhere. The Ankou drives a deathly cart with a creaking axle; the cart or wagon is piled high with corpses and a stop at a cabin means instant death for those inside. In Ireland there was a creature known as a dullahan, whose head would be tucked under his or her arm, the head was said to have large eyes and a smile that could reach the head's ears; the dullahan would ride a black horse or a carriage pulled by black horses, stop at the house of someone about to die, call their name, the person would die. The dullahan did not like being watched, it was believed that if a dullahan knew someone was watching them, they would lash that person's eyes with their whip, made from a spine.
In Ireland there is a female spirit known as Banshee, who heralds the death of a person by shrieking or keening. The banshee is described in Gaelic lore as wearing red or green with long, disheveled hair, she can appear in a variety of forms. Most she is seen as an ugly, frightful hag, but she can appear as young and beautiful if she chooses. In Ireland and parts of Scotland, a traditional part of mourning is the keening woman, who wails a lament – in Irish: Caoineadh, caoin meaning "to weep, to wail"; when several banshees appear at once, it indicates the death of someone holy. The tales sometimes recounted that the woman, though called a fairy, was a ghost of a specific murdered woman, or a mother who died in childbirth. In Scottish folklore there was a belief that a black, dark green or white dog known as a Cù Sìth took dying souls to the afterlife. In Welsh Folklore Gwyn ap Nudd is the escort of the grave, the personification of Death and Winter who leads the wild hunt to collect wayward souls and escort them to the Otherworld, sometimes it is Melwas, Arawn or Afallach in a similar position.
La Calavera Catrina is a character in Mexican art that symbolizes death. She is an icon of the Mexican Day of the Dead, a holiday that focuses on the remembrance of the dead. Our Lady of the Holy Death is a female deity or folk saint of Mexican folk religion, whose faith has been spreading in Mexico and the United States. In Spanish the word "muerte" is a female noun, so it is common in Spanish-speaking countries for death to be personified as female figures; this happens in other Romanic languages like French, Portuguese and Romanian. Since the pre-Columbian era Mexican culture has maintained a certain reverence towards death, which can be seen in the widespread commemoration of the Day of the Dead. Elements of that celebration include the use of skeletons to remind people of their mortality; the cult of Santa Muerte is indeed a continuation of the Aztec cult of the goddess of death Mictecacihuatl clad
Jeffrey Alan Combs is an American actor known for starring in horror films, such as Re-Animator, appearances playing a number of characters in the Star Trek and the DC Animated Universe television franchises. Combs was born in Oxnard, California, to Jean Owens and Eugene "Gene" Combs, raised in Lompoc. A graduate of Lompoc High School, as a senior Combs played the lead role of Captain Fisby in a stage production of The Teahouse of the August Moon. Combs attended Santa Maria's Pacific Conservatory of the Performing Arts, developed his acting skills in the Professional Actor's Training Program at the University of Washington. In 1980, after spending several years performing in playhouses on the West Coast, Combs moved to Los Angeles, he landed his first role in the film Honky Tonk Freeway, in which he played an unnamed drive-in teller. His first horror film role came two years in the Frightmare. Combs's best known horror role is Herbert West, the main character in the film Re-Animator, its two sequels.
He portrayed author H. P. Lovecraft in the film Necronomicon: Book of the Dead and has starred in eight H. P. Lovecraft adaptations. Other film credits include The Attic Expeditions, FeardotCom, House on Haunted Hill, I Still Know What You Did Last Summer, The Frighteners. Combs has had roles in many science fiction television series, he starred as the telepath Harriman Gray in first-season episode "Eyes" of Babylon 5. In 2001, he played the sinister Dr. Ek in The Attic Expeditions. In August 2005, he appeared for the first time on the science fiction series The 4400 as Dr. Kevin Burkhoff which had become a recurring role by 2006. In early 2007, he played a fictionalized Edgar Allan Poe in "The Black Cat" episode of Masters of Horror. Combs has worked extensively as a voiceover artist, his voiceover roles include the Scarecrow in The New Batman Adventures, the Question in Justice League Unlimited, Ratchet in Transformers: Prime, the Leader in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, the Rat King in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and Brainiac in Injustice 2.
He narrated the 25th Anniversary of Re-Animator at the 2010 FanTasia. In July 2009, Combs returned to his stage roots and reprised his role as Edgar Allan Poe in a one-man theatrical show entitled Nevermore...an Evening with Edgar Allan Poe at The Steve Allen Theater in Hollywood, CA. Although only supposed to run for a month, the show enjoyed much success and sold-out crowds, was extended four times. Nevermore as it is now known, closed its run in Los Angeles on December 19, 2009; the show had its East Coast debut on 23 and 24 January 2010 at Westminster Hall in Baltimore, MD, Poe's final resting place. A tour of the Saturn Award nominated Nevermore is now in the works, with stops including Chicago, New York, Seattle, a confirmed two-date run in San Diego in February. Combs starred with Andrew Divoff in the 2012 Screen Media Films release Night of the Living Dead 3D: Re-Animation, a prequel to the 2006 cult hit Night of the Living Dead 3D directed by Jeff Broadstreet. In 2012, he played Dr. Lambrick in Would You Rather.
On television, Combs enjoyed popular success playing a number of alien characters on the various modern Star Trek incarnations, beginning with Star Trek: Deep Space Nine in 1994, with Star Trek: Voyager in 2000, with Star Trek: Enterprise in 2001. Combs has played nine different onscreen roles in the Star Trek universe, his largest science-fiction role to date was his regular guest role on Deep Space Nine as the Vorta clone Weyoun. Combs has said that Weyoun was his favorite Star Trek role, he had a great deal of input in developing the character. On the same series, Combs had a recurring role as the Ferengi character Brunt. During the DS9 episode "The Dogs of War", Combs appeared as both Weyoun and Brunt, making Star Trek history as the first actor to play two unrelated recurring roles on screen in the same episode. On Enterprise, Combs had a recurring role as an Andorian military officer. Enterprise producer Manny Coto once mentioned in an interview hoping to make Combs a regular on Enterprise had the series been renewed for a fifth season.
In addition to his recurring Star Trek roles, Combs had non-recurring roles as a human police officer Kevin Mulkahey, as the alien Tiron on Deep Space Nine. Along with many other actors and creators of the show, Combs had a cameo appearance as a holographic patron in Vic's Lounge in the final episode of Deep Space Nine. Combs voices the character of Romulan Commander Suldok for the Star Trek: Elite Force II video game. Voisin, Character Kings: Hollywood's Familiar Faces Discuss the Art & Business of Acting BearManor Media, 2009. ISBN 978-1-59393-342-5. Official website Jeffrey Combs on IMDb Jeffrey Combs at AllMovie
Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, extraterrestrials in fiction. Science fiction explores the potential consequences of scientific other various innovations, has been called a "literature of ideas." "Science fiction" is difficult to define as it includes a wide range of concepts and themes. James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term to cover what we would today call'hard' science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to known facts was the substrate on which the story was to be built, if the story was to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology." According to Robert A. Heinlein, "A handy short definition of all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world and present, on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and that the reason for there not being a "full satisfactory definition" is that "there are no delineated limits to science fiction."
Author and editor Damon Knight summed up the difficulty, saying "science fiction is what we point to when we say it." Mark C. Glassy described the definition of science fiction as U. S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart did with the definition of pornography: "I know it when I see it." Science fiction had its beginnings in a time when the line between myth and fact was arguably more blurred than the present day. Written in the 2nd century CE by the satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of contemporary science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, artificial life; some consider it the first science-fiction novel. Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th-century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus contain elements of science fiction. Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon and The States and Empires of the Sun, Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World", Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum and Voltaire's Micromégas are regarded as some of the first true science-fantasy works.
Indeed, Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Somnium the first science-fiction story. Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued. Edgar Allan Poe wrote several stories considered science fiction, including "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" which featured a trip to the Moon. Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea which predicted the contemporary nuclear submarine. In 1887, the novel El anacronópete by Spanish author Enrique Gaspar y Rimbau introduced the first time machine. Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or "the Shakespeare of science fiction." His notable science-fiction works include The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds. His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering and time travel.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, something resembling the World Wide Web. In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. In 1926, Hugo Gernsback published the first American science-fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote: By'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision... Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive, they supply knowledge... in a palatable form... New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow... Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written...
Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well. In 1928, E. E. "Doc" Smith's first published work, The Skylark of Space, written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. It is called the first great space opera; the same year, Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419 appeared in Amazing Stories. This was followed by the first serious science-fiction comic. In 1937, John W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fiction, an event, sometimes conside
Forest Steven Whitaker III is an American actor and director who has earned a reputation for intensive character study work for films such as Bird, The Crying Game, Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai, The Great Debaters, The Butler and Arrival. He has appeared in blockbusters such as Rogue One: A Star Wars Story as Saw Gerrera and Black Panther as Zuri. For his performance as Ugandan dictator Idi Amin in the 2006 film The Last King of Scotland, Whitaker won the Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award, National Board of Review Award, Screen Actors Guild Award and various critics groups' awards for a lead acting performance. Whitaker was born on July 15, 1961 in Longview, the son of Laura Francis, a special education teacher who put herself through college and earned two master's degrees while raising her children and Forest Steven Whitaker Jr. an insurance salesman. A DNA test has shown; when Whitaker was four, his family moved to California. Whitaker has two younger brothers and Damon and an older sister, Deborah.
His first role as an actor was the lead in Dylan Thomas' play Under Milk Wood. Whitaker attended Carson Senior High School and played on the football team and sang in the choir, graduating in 1979. Whitaker entered California State Polytechnic University, Pomona on a football scholarship, but a back injury made him change his major to music, he toured England with the Cal Poly Chamber Singers in 1980. While still at Cal Poly, he changed his major to drama, he was accepted to the Music Conservatory at the University of Southern California to study opera as a tenor and subsequently was accepted into the University's Drama Conservatory. He graduated from USC with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Acting in 1982, he earned a scholarship to the Berkeley, branch of the Drama Studio London. Whitaker was pursuing a degree in "The Core of Conflict: Studies in Peace and Reconciliation" at New York University's Gallatin School of Individualized Study in 2004. Whitaker has a long history of working with well-regarded film actors.
In his first onscreen performance of note, he had a supporting role playing a high school football player in the 1982 film version of Cameron Crowe's coming-of-age teen-retrospective Fast Times at Ridgemont High. In 1986, he appeared in Martin Scorsese's The Color of Oliver Stone's Platoon; the following year, he co-starred in Vietnam. In 1988, Whitaker appeared in the film Bloodsport and had his first lead role starring as musician Charlie "Bird" Parker in Clint Eastwood's Bird. To prepare himself for the part, he sequestered himself in a loft with only a bed and saxophone, having conducted extensive research and taken alto sax lessons, his performance, called "transcendent", earned him the Best Actor award at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival and a Golden Globe nomination. Whitaker continued to work with a number of well-known directors throughout the 1990s, he starred in the 1990 film Downtown and was cast in the pivotal role of Jody, a captive British soldier in the 1992 film The Crying Game, for which he used an English accent.
Todd McCarthy of Variety described Whitaker's performance as "big-hearted", "hugely emotional", "simply terrific". In 1994, he was a member of the cast that won the first National Board of Review Award for Best Acting by an Ensemble for Robert Altman's film, Prêt-à-Porter, he gave a "characteristically emotional performance" in Wayne Wang and Paul Auster's 1995 film, Smoke. In 1996, he played a role of a good-natured man in Phenomenon, alongside John Travolta and Robert Duvall, which earned him a Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Supporting Actor – Drama, was nominated for NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture. Whitaker played a serene, pigeon-raising, bushido-following, mob hit man in Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai, a 1999 film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch. Many consider this to have been a "definitive role" for Whitaker. In a manner similar to his preparation for Bird, he again immersed himself in his character's world—he studied Eastern philosophy and meditated for long hours "to hone his inner spiritual hitman."
Jarmusch has told interviewers. The film was criticized as a notorious commercial and critical disaster. However, Whitaker's performance was lauded by the film's director, Roger Christian, who commented that, "Everybody's going to be surprised" by Whitaker, who "found this huge voice and laugh." Battlefield Earth won seven Razzie Awards. Whitaker expressed his regret for participating in the film. In 2001, Whitaker had a small, uncredited role in the Wong Kar-wai-directed The Follow, one of five short films produced by BMW that year to promote its cars, he co-starred in Joel Schumacher's 2002 thriller, Phone Booth, with Kiefer Sutherland and Colin Farrell. That year, he co-starred with Jodie Foster in Panic Room, his performance as the film's "bad guy" was described as "a subtle chemistry of aggression and empathy."Whitaker's 2006 portrayal of Idi Amin in the film The Last King of Scotland earned him positive reviews by critics as well as multiple awards and honors. To portray the dictator, Whi
Alexander Harper Berkeley is an American actor. He is known for his television roles as Sheriff Thomas McAllister on the crime drama The Mentalist, George Mason on the political thriller series 24, Percy Rose on the action thriller series Nikita, the Man on The Booth At The End and Gregory in AMC's The Walking Dead, his notable film roles include Todd Voight in Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Agent Gibbs in Air Force One, Bowery Snax in Sid and Nancy, Dr. Lamar in Gattaca and Trevor Lyle in Candyman. Berkeley was born on December 16, 1955, in Brooklyn, New York, but has lived most of his life in New Jersey, he is of English descent. He attended Hampshire College and worked in the theaters at the five-college system of which Hampshire was a part, including Smith, Mount Holyoke and the University of Massachusetts. Berkeley worked in the regional and repertory theaters in addition to off Broadway while living in New York. A casting agent saw Berkeley in a play written by Reynolds Price called Early Dark, encouraged him to move to Hollywood.
Berkeley began playing roles in 1981, with early appearances in M*A*S*H, Cagney & Lacey, Remington Steele, Miami Vice and The A-Team. Although not becoming a household name, Berkeley's face was recognizable into the 1990s, his television guest roles included The X-Files, CSI, ER, Law & Order. On the big screen, Berkeley has appeared in North Country, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Mommie Dearest, Kick-Ass, A Few Good Men, The Rookie, Apollo 13, Leaving Las Vegas, The Rock, Air Force One and Nancy, Amistad, Shanghai Noon, Barb Wire, Timecode. Berkeley has the distinction of appearing in both the made-for-television film L. A. Takedown in 1989 and its 1995 critically acclaimed theatrical remake Heat, both directed by Michael Mann. Several of his earlier roles were in films by director Alex Cox. In 2001, Berkeley became a recurring guest star and on a series regular on 24 in the role of George Mason, the head of the counter-terrorist unit, he portrayed the mysterious John Smith on the CBS drama Jericho.
In 2010, he received one of his best-known roles, that of Percy Rose in the CW action-thriller series Nikita. He portrayed the character as a series regular in the show's first two seasons, as well as being the series' de facto main antagonist of its first two seasons. Berkeley was Sheriff Thomas McAllister on The Mentalist. Berkeley portrayed Gregory on AMC's The Walking Dead in a guest role in season six, but was promoted as a series regular for season seven. In 2018, he portrayed father of Agent Liberty, on season 4 of CW's Supergirl. Berkeley has provided voices for animated series such as Aaahh!!! Real Monsters, Teen Titans, Gargoyles, he voiced Quentin Beck/Mysterio in The Spectacular Spider-Man, Captain Atom in the animated movie Superman/Batman: Public Enemies, Dr. Kirk Langstrom in Son of Batman. In 2013, Berkeley won the Streamy Award "Best Male Performance, Drama" for his starring role in the acclaimed webseries, The Booth at the End. Berkeley is a sculptor, as well as a make-up artist.
Berkeley met Sarah Clarke on the set of 24 in 2001, married her the following year. Berkeley and Clarke live with their daughters, Olwyn Harper and Rowan Amara, in Maine and in Los Angeles, California. Xander Berkeley on IMDb Xander Berkeley at AllMovie A conversation with Xander Berkeley Xander Berkeley Interview at www.reviewgraveyard.com
Cloris Leachman is an American actress and comedian. In a career spanning over seven decades she has won eight Primetime Emmy Awards, a Daytime Emmy Award, an Academy Award for her role in The Last Picture Show; as Miss Chicago, Leachman competed in the 20th Miss America pageant and placed in the Top 16 in 1946. Leachman's longest-running role was the nosy and cunning landlady Phyllis Lindstrom on the CBS sitcom The Mary Tyler Moore Show and its spin-off, Phyllis, in the 1970s, she appeared in three Mel Brooks films, including Young Frankenstein, starred as Beverly Ann Stickle on the NBC sitcom The Facts of Life from 1986–88, appeared as Granny in The Beverly Hillbillies. In the 2000s, Leachman had a recurring role as Grandma Ida on the Fox sitcom Malcolm in the Middle, appeared as a roaster in the Comedy Central Roast of Bob Saget in 2008, she was a contestant on the seventh season of the ABC reality competition series Dancing with the Stars in 2008, paired with Corky Ballas. She is the oldest contestant to have danced on the series.
From 2010–14, she starred as Maw Maw on the Fox sitcom Raising Hope. In 2017, she played the role of Zorya Vechernyaya on the Starz drama American Gods. Leachman was born in Des Moines, the eldest of three sisters, she attended Theodore Roosevelt High School. Her parents were Berkeley Claiborne "Buck" Leachman. Mr. Leachman worked at the family-owned Leachman Lumber Company; the youngest sister, was not in show business. Middle sister Claiborne Cary was an singer, her maternal grandmother was of Bohemian descent. As a teenager, Leachman appeared in plays by local youth on weekends at Drake University in Des Moines. After graduating from high school, she enrolled at Illinois State University studying drama, Northwestern University, where she was a member of Gamma Phi Beta and a classmate of future comic actors Paul Lynde and Charlotte Rae, she began appearing on television and in films shortly after competing in Miss America in 1946. After winning a scholarship in the Miss America pageant placing in the Top 16, Leachman studied acting under Elia Kazan at the Actors Studio in New York City.
She was cast as a replacement for the role of Nellie Forbush during the original run of Rodgers and Hammerstein's South Pacific. A few years she appeared in the Broadway-bound production of William Inge's Come Back, Little Sheba, but left the show before it reached Broadway when Katharine Hepburn asked her to co-star in a production of William Shakespeare's As You Like It. Leachman appeared in many live television broadcasts in the 1950s, including such programs as Suspense and Studio One, she made her feature film debut as an extra in Carnegie Hall, but had her first real role in Robert Aldrich's film noir classic Kiss Me Deadly, released in 1955. Leachman was several months pregnant during the filming, appears in one scene running down a darkened highway wearing only a trench coat. A year she appeared opposite Paul Newman and Lee Marvin in The Rack, she appeared with Newman again in a brief role in the Sundance Kid. She continued to work in television, with appearances in Rawhide and in The Twilight Zone episode "It's a Good Life" as well as the sequel "It's Still a Good Life" in the 2002-2003 UPN series revival.
During this period, Leachman appeared opposite John Forsythe on the popular anthology Alfred Hitchcock Presents in an episode titled "Premonition". She appeared as Ruth Martin, Timmy Martin's adoptive mother, in the last half of season four of Lassie. Jon Provost, who played Timmy, said, "Cloris did not feel challenged by the role; when she realized that all she'd be doing was baking cookies, she wanted out." She was replaced by June Lockhart in 1958. That same year, she appeared in an episode of One Step Beyond titled "The Dark Room", in which she portrayed an American photographer living in Paris. In 1960, she played Marilyn Parker, the roommate of Janice Rule's character, Elena Nardos, in the Checkmate episode "The Mask of Vengeance". In 1966, she guest starred on Perry Mason as Gloria Shine in "The Case of the Crafty Kidnapper". In late 1970, Leachman starred in one episode of That Girl as Sandy. Leachman won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in The Last Picture Show, based on the bestselling book by Larry McMurtry.
She played the high school gym teacher's neglected wife, with whom Timothy Bottoms' character has an affair. Director Peter Bogdanovich had predicted during production that she would win an Academy Award for her performance; the part was offered to Ellen Burstyn, but Burstyn wanted another role in the film. Leachman has won a record-setting eight Primetime and one Daytime Emmy Awards and has been nominated more than 20 times, most notably for playing Phyllis Lindstrom on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. Lindstrom was a recurring character on the program for five years and was subsequently featured in a spinoff series, for which Leachman won a Golden Globe Award; the series ran for two seasons. Its cancellation was due to the deaths of three regular or recurring cast members during its brief run: Barbara Colby, Judith Lowry and Burt Mustin. In 1977, she guest-starred on The Muppet Show, episode 2.24. In 1978, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theater. In 1987, she hosted the VHS releases of Schoolhouse Rock! and portrayed the evil witch Griselda for Di