MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Asbury Park, New Jersey
Asbury Park is a city in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States, located on the Jersey Shore and part of the New York City Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 16,116, reflecting a decline of 814 from the 16,930 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 131 from the 16,799 counted in the 1990 Census, it was ranked the sixth-best beach in New Jersey in the 2008 Top 10 Beaches Contest sponsored by the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium. Asbury Park was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 26, 1874, from portions of Ocean Township; the borough was reincorporated on February 28, 1893. Asbury Park was incorporated as a city, its current type of government, as of March 25, 1897. A seaside community, Asbury Park is located on New Jersey's central coast. Developed in 1871 as a residential resort by New York brush manufacturer James A. Bradley, the city was named for Francis Asbury, the first American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States.
Bradley was active in the development of much of the city's infrastructure, despite his preference for gas light, he allowed the Atlantic Coast Electric Company to offer electric service. Along the waterfront Bradley installed the Asbury Park Boardwalk, an orchestra pavilion, public changing rooms and a pier at the south end of that boardwalk; such success attracted other businessmen. In 1888, Ernest Schnitzler built the Palace Merry-Go-Round on the southwest corner of Lake Avenue and Kingsley Street, the cornerstone of what would become the Palace Amusements complex. During these early decades in Asbury Park, a number of grand hotels were built, including the Plaza Hotel. Uriah White, an Asbury Park pioneer, installed the first artesian well water system; as many as 600,000 people a year vacationed in Asbury Park during the summer season in the early years, riding the New York and Long Branch Railroad from New York City and Philadelphia to enjoy the mile-and-a-quarter stretch of oceanfront Asbury Park.
By 1912, The New York Times estimated that the summer population could reach 200,000. The country by the sea destination experienced several key periods of popularity; the first notable era was the 1890s, marked by a housing growth, examples of which can still be found today in a full range of Victorian architecture. Coinciding with the nationwide trend in retail shopping, Asbury Park's downtown flourished during this period and well into the 20th century; the 1920s saw a dramatic change in the boardwalk with the construction of the Paramount Theatre and Convention Hall complex, the Casino Arena and Carousel House, two handsome red-brick pavilions. Beaux Arts architect Warren Whitney of New York was the designer, he had been hired to design the imposing Berkeley-Carteret Hotel positioned diagonally across from the theater and hall. At the same time, Asbury Park launched a first-class education and athletic program with the construction of a state-of-the-art high school overlooking Deal Lake. On September 8, 1934, the wreck of the ocean liner SS Morro Castle, which caught fire and burned, beached itself near the city just yards away from the Asbury Park Convention Hall.
In 1935, the newly founded Securities and Exchange Commission called Asbury Park's Mayor Clarence F. Hetrick to testify about $6 million in "beach improvement bonds" that had gone into default. At the same time, the SEC inquired about rental rates on the beach front and why the mayor reduced the lease of a bathhouse from $85,000 to $40,000, among many other discrepancies that could have offset debt; the interests of Asbury Park's bond investors led Senator Frank Durand to add a last-minute "Beach Commission" amendment to a municipal debt bill in the New Jersey legislature. When the bill became law, it ceded control of the Asbury Park beach to Governor Harold Hoffman and a governor's commission; the city of Asbury Park sued to restore control of the beach to the municipal council, but the New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals upheld the validity of the law in 1937. When Durand pressed New Jersey's legislature to extend the state's control of Asbury Park's beach in 1938, the lower house staged a walk out and the Senate soon adjourned, a disruption that prevented a vote for funding New Jersey's participation in the 1939 New York World's Fair.
In December 1938, the court returned control of the beach to the municipal council under the proviso that a bond repayment agreement was created. In 1943, the New York Yankees held their spring training in Asbury Park instead of Florida; this was because rail transport had to be conserved during the war, Major League Baseball's Spring Training was limited to an area east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River. With the opening of the Garden State Parkway in 1947, Asbury Park saw the travel market change as fewer vacationers took trains to the seashore. While the Asbury Park exit on the Parkway opened in 1956 and provided a means for drivers to reach Asbury Park more additional exits further south allowed drivers access to new alternative vacation destinations on Long Beach Island. In the decades that followed the war, surrounding farm communities gave way to tracts of suburban houses, encouraging the city's middle-class blacks as well as whites to move into newer houses with spacious yards.
With the above-mentioned change in the travel market, prompted by the opening of the Garden State Parkway in 1947 and the opening of Monmouth Mall 10 miles (16
Cock Sparrer is a punk rock band formed in 1972 in the East End of London, England. Although they have never enjoyed commercial success, they are considered one of the most influential street punk bands of all time, helping pave the way for early'80s punk scene and the Oi! subgenre. Their songs have been covered by many punk, Oi!, hardcore bands. Their style is influenced by pub rock, glam rock and raw 1960s beat music as delivered by bands like the Small Faces and The Who, their lyrics deal with topics related to the daily lives of working class people. Their name derives from Cock Sparrow, a Cockney term of familiarity. Cock Sparrer was founded by Colin McFaull, Mick Beaufoy, Steve "Burge" Burgess and Steve Bruce – who had known each other since the age of 11. Playing in nightclubs in and around London, they developed the style, to be known as streetpunk or Oi!, mixed with pub rock/R&B influences. In 1976, Garrie Lammin joined as second guitarist, the band met with Malcolm McLaren, considering managing Cock Sparrer alongside the Sex Pistols.
In 1977, the band secured a deal with Decca Records, who were hoping to cash in on the now blooming punk movement. The first Cock Sparrer single was "Runnin' Riot", released in May 1977, it did not sell well, nor did the following single, Decca dropped the band in 1978. The band members had recorded an album's worth of material, only released in Spain as Cock Sparrer and wasn't issued in the UK until Razor Records released it in 1987 as True Grit. Cock Sparrer ceased activity with Lammin leaving the group. In 1981, old Cock Sparrer songs were included on several Oi! Compilation albums, interest in the band began to rise again, they reformed in 1982 - with Chris Skepis replacing Gary Lammin as second guitarist - and signed to Carrere Records, which released the "England Belongs to Me" single. The next release was the band's debut album Shock Troops in 1983, it included the songs "Where Are They Now", "I Got Your Number"' and "Riot Squad." Beaufoy left the band and was replaced by Shug O'Neill. Third album Running Riot in'84 was released in October 1984, after which the band ceased activity once more, although a "live" album recorded around this time was released in 1987.
The band performed several reunion concerts in 1992, in 1994 they released a new album, Guilty as Charged. In 1997, they released the album Two Monkeys. Since Cock Sparrer has toured and has performed sporadically at punk festivals including the Wasted/Rebellion festival. In April 2008 they headlined Rebellion Vienna and headlined Rebellion Blackpool in August 2008, they headlined the Punk & Disorderly-Festival in Berlin in 2009. They played Riot Fest in Chicago playing at the Congress Theater on 10/10/09 and headlined at the Metro on 10/11/09, they returned to play Riot Fest again in 2014. The band released their sixth studio album, Here We Stand, in November 2007. UFC fighter Dan Hardy has used the song "England Belongs to Me" as his walk-out music. "Take'em All" has a long history of being sung by Major League Soccer supporter groups, including the Empire Supporters Club, Garden State Ultras And Viking Army Supporters Club for the New York Red Bulls and the Emerald City Supporters for the Seattle Sounders FC.
In 2012, Cock Sparrer marked their 40th anniversary along with Rancid who were celebrating their 20th anniversary. They played four sold-out concerts in the United States and headlined the Christmas Bash in Birmingham as part of the Rebellion Festival on 8 December 2012. Colin McFaull – vocals Mick Beaufoy – lead guitar and backing vocals Daryl Smith – rhythm guitar and backing vocals Steve Burgess – bass guitar and backing vocals Steve Bruce – drums Garrie Lammin – rhythm guitar Chris Skepis – rhythm guitar Shug O'Neill – lead guitar Run Away EP, 1995, Bitzcore Live and Loud, 1987, Link Live: Runnin' Riot Across the USA, 2000 Back Home, 2003, Captain Oi! Back in San Francisco - Live 2009, 2010, Pirates Press Sunday Stripper, 1980, Oi The Album Rarities, 1995, Captain Oi! Rumours Carry More Weight Than Fact, 1996, Step-1 England Belongs To Me, 1997, Harry May Bloody Minded, 1999, Dr. Strange/Bitzcore The Best of Cock Sparrer, 2004, Recall 2 cd The Decca Years, 2006, Captain Oi! 40 Years, 2012, Captain Oi!
"Running Riot" b/w "Sister Suzie", 1977, Decca "We Love You" b/w "Chip on my Shoulder", 1977, Decca "England Belongs to Me" b/w "Argy Bargy", 1982, Carerre "Run Away", 1995, Bitzcore "Too Late" b/w "Because You're Young", 2007, Captain Oi! "Did You Have A Nice Life Without Me?" b/w "So Many Things", 2008, Dirty Punk "True To Yourself" b/w "Chip On My Shoulder", 2008, TKO Records "Spirit of'76", 2008, Pirates Press Records "England Belongs to Me" 30th Anniversary Split w/ Rancid, 2012 Pirates Press Records Official website
Post-punk is a broad type of rock music that emerged from the punk movement of the 1970s, in which artists departed from the simplicity and traditionalism of punk rock to adopt a variety of avant-garde sensibilities and diverse influences. Inspired by punk's energy and DIY ethic but determined to break from rock cliches, artists experimented with sources including electronic music and black styles like dub, free jazz, disco. Communities that produced independent record labels, visual art, multimedia performances and fanzines developed around these pioneering musical scenes, which coalesced in cities such as London, New York, Melbourne and San Francisco; the early post-punk vanguard was represented by groups such as Siouxsie and the Banshees, Public Image Ltd, the Pop Group, Cabaret Voltaire, Pere Ubu, Gang of Four, Joy Division, Talking Heads, Throbbing Gristle, the Slits, the Cure, the Fall, Au Pairs. The movement was related to the development of ancillary genres such as gothic rock, neo-psychedelia, no wave, industrial music.
By the mid-1980s, post-punk had dissipated while providing the impetus for the New Pop movement as well much subsequent alternative and independent music. Post-punk is a diverse genre. Called "new musick", the terms were first used by various writers in the late 1970s to describe groups moving beyond punk's garage rock template and into disparate areas. Sounds writer Jon Savage used "post-punk" in early 1978. NME writer Paul Morley stated that he had "possibly" invented the term himself. At the time, there was a feeling of renewed excitement regarding what the word would entail, with Sounds publishing numerous preemptive editorials on new musick. Towards the end of the decade, some journalists used "art punk" as a pejorative for garage rock-derived acts deemed too sophisticated and out of step with punk's dogma. Before the early 1980s, many groups now categorized as "post-punk" were subsumed under the broad umbrella of "new wave", with the terms being deployed interchangeably. "Post-punk" became differentiated from "new wave".
Nicholas Lezard described the term "post-punk" as "so multifarious that only the broadest use... is possible". Subsequent discourse has failed to clarify whether contemporary music journals and fanzines conventionally understood "post-punk" the way that it was discussed in years. Music historian Clinton Heylin places the "true starting-point for English post-punk" somewhere between August 1977 and May 1978, with the arrival of guitarist John McKay in Siouxsie and the Banshees in July 1977, Magazine's first album, Wire's new musical direction in 1978 and the formation of Public Image Ltd. Simon Reynolds' 2005 book Rip It Up and Start Again is referenced as post-punk doctrine, although he has stated that the book only covers aspects of post-punk that he had a personal inclination toward. Wilkinson characterized Reynolds' readings as "apparent revisionism and'rebranding'". Author/musician Alex Ogg criticized: "The problem is not with what Reynolds left out of Rip It Up... but, that too much was left in".
Ogg suggested that post-punk pertains to a set of artistic sensibilities and approaches rather than any unifying style, disputed the accuracy of the term's chronological prefix "post", as various groups labeled "post-punk" predate the punk rock movement. Reynolds defined the post-punk era as occurring between 1978 and 1984, he advocated that post-punk be conceived as "less a genre of music than a space of possibility", suggesting that "what unites all this activity is a set of open-ended imperatives: innovation. AllMusic employs "post-punk" to denote "a more adventurous and arty form of punk". Many post-punk artists were inspired by punk's DIY ethic and energy, but became disillusioned with the style and movement, feeling that it had fallen into a commercial formula, rock convention, self-parody, they repudiated its populist claims to accessibility and raw simplicity, instead of seeing an opportunity to break with musical tradition, subvert commonplaces and challenge audiences. Artists moved beyond punk's focus on the concerns of a white, working-class population and abandoned its continued reliance on established rock and roll tropes, such as three-chord progressions and Chuck Berry-based guitar riffs.
These artists instead defined punk as "an imperative to constant change", believing that "radical content demands radical form". Though the music varied between regions and artists, the post-punk movement has been characterized by its "conceptual assault" on rock conventions and rejection of aesthetics perceived of as traditionalist, hegemonic or rockist in favor of experimentation with production techniques and non-rock musical styles such as dub, electronic music, noise, free jazz, world music, the avant-garde; some previous musical styles served as touchstones for the movement, including particular brands of krautrock, art rock, art pop and other music from the 1960s. Artists once again approached the studio as an instrument, using new recording methods and pursuing novel sonic territories. Author Matthew Bannister wrote that post-punk artists rejected the high cultural references of 1960s rock artists like the Beatles and Bob Dylan as well as paradigms that defined "rock as progressive, as art, as'sterile' studio perfectionism... by adopting an avant-garde aesth
San Diego is a city in the U. S. state of California. It is in San Diego County, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California 120 miles south of Los Angeles and adjacent to the border with Mexico. With an estimated population of 1,419,516 as of July 1, 2017, San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest in California, it is part of the San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, the second-largest transborder agglomeration between the U. S. and a bordering country after Detroit–Windsor, with a population of 4,922,723 people. The city is known for its mild year-round climate, natural deep-water harbor, extensive beaches, long association with the United States Navy, recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology development center. San Diego has been called "the birthplace of California". Home to the Kumeyaay people, it was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later.
The Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly independent Mexico, which reformed as the First Mexican Republic two years later. California became part of the United States in 1848 following the Mexican–American War and was admitted to the union as a state in 1850; the city is the seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the region as well as the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area. San Diego's main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, international trade, manufacturing; the presence of the University of California, San Diego, with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center, has helped make the area a center of research in biotechnology. The original inhabitants of the region are now known as the San La Jolla people; the area of San Diego has been inhabited by the Kumeyaay people. The first European to visit the region was explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, sailing under the flag of Castile but born in Portugal.
Sailing his flagship San Salvador from Navidad, New Spain, Cabrillo claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire in 1542, named the site "San Miguel". In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent to map the California coast. Arriving on his flagship San Diego, Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for the Catholic Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more known as San Diego de Alcalá. On November 12, 1602, the first Christian religious service of record in Alta California was conducted by Friar Antonio de la Ascensión, a member of Vizcaíno's expedition, to celebrate the feast day of San Diego. Permanent colonization of California and of San Diego began in 1769 with the arrival of four contingents of Spaniards from New Spain and the Baja California peninsula. Two seaborne parties reached San Diego Bay: the San Carlos, under Vicente Vila and including as notable members the engineer and cartographer Miguel Costansó and the soldier and future governor Pedro Fages, the San Antonio, under Juan Pérez.
An initial overland expedition to San Diego from the south was led by the soldier Fernando Rivera and included the Franciscan missionary and chronicler Juan Crespí, followed by a second party led by the designated governor Gaspar de Portolà and including the mission president Junípero Serra. In May 1769, Portolà established the Fort Presidio of San Diego on a hill near the San Diego River, it was the first settlement by Europeans in. In July of the same year, Mission San Diego de Alcalá was founded by Franciscan friars under Serra. By 1797, the mission boasted the largest native population in Alta California, with over 1,400 neophytes living in and around the mission proper. Mission San Diego was the southern anchor in Alta California of the historic mission trail El Camino Real. Both the Presidio and the Mission are National Historic Landmarks. In 1821, Mexico won its independence from Spain, San Diego became part of the Mexican territory of Alta California. In 1822, Mexico began its attempt to extend its authority over the coastal territory of Alta California.
The fort on Presidio Hill was abandoned, while the town of San Diego grew up on the level land below Presidio Hill. The Mission was secularized by the Mexican government in 1834, most of the Mission lands were granted to former soldiers; the 432 residents of the town petitioned the governor to form a pueblo, Juan María Osuna was elected the first alcalde, defeating Pío Pico in the vote. However, San Diego had been losing population throughout the 1830s and in 1838 the town lost its pueblo status because its size dropped to an estimated 100 to 150 residents. Beyond town Mexican land grants expanded the number of California ranchos that modestly added to the local economy. Americans gained increased awareness of California, its commercial possibilities, from the writings of two countrymen involved in the officially forbidden, to foreigners, but economically significant hide and tallow trade, where San Diego was a major port and the only one with an adequate harbor: William Shaler's "Journal of a Voyage Between China and the North-Western Coast of America, Made in 1804" and Richard Henry Dana's more substantial and convincing account, of his 1834–36 voyage, the classic Two Years Before the Mast.
In 1846, the United States went to war against Mexico and sent a naval and land expedition to conquer Alta California. At firs
Peter and the Test Tube Babies
Peter and the Test Tube Babies are an English punk rock band, formed in the small town of Peacehaven, England in 1978, by Del Strangefish and Peter Bywaters. Due to their humorous tongue-in-cheek lyrics, they have been considered part of the Punk Pathetique subgenre. Peter and the Test Tube Babies were first featured in Sounds magazine in July 1980, after a John Peel Radio One session, made their vinyl debut on the Brighton compilation album Vaultage 78, they played at festivals including the 11th Antifest in 2005. They had two songs on the Oi! Compilation Oi! the Album in that same year. They favoured absurd lyrics and strange titles, such as "The Queen Gives Good Blow Jobs". In 1982, they covered the chart-topping Gary Glitter hit "I'm the Leader of the Gang" on their album Pissed and Proud; when the band is not touring, Peter Bywaters offers personal English as a second language tuition on a live-in basis at his home in Brighton. Del Strangefish hosts a punk rock radio show with Jimmy Skurvi of the Brighton punk band, Skurvi, on Brighton's Radio Reverb.
The shows are podcasted every week on his podcast page. The band continues to perform to the current day, their polished, professional live show is in contrast to the non-serious nature of their lyrics. In 2017, Peter Bywaters was refused entry and deported from the USA for having imitated Donald Trump the previous year, however, US Customs and Border Protection officials said that he was deported for having the wrong visa. Peter Bywaters — vocals Derek "Strangefish" Greening — guitar Nick Abnett — bass Sam Fuller — drums Peter Bywaters — vocals Derek "Strangefish" Greening — guitar Chris "Trapper" Marchant — bass Mark "Ogs" Hoggins — drums Pissed and Proud, 1982 Mating Sounds of South American Frogs, 1983 Journey to the Centre of Johnny Clarke's Head, 1984 The Loud Blaring Punk Rock LP, 1985 Soberphobia, 1986 Live and Loud!! - More Chin Shouting, 1990 The $hit Factory, 1990 Cringe, 1991 Supermodels, 1995 Schwein Lake Live, 1996 Alien Pubduction, 1998 A Foot Full of Bullets, 2005 Piss Ups, 2012 That Shallot, 2017 Banned From The Pubs, 1982 Run Like Hell, 1982 3 x 45, 1983 The Jinx, 1983 Zombie Creeping Flesh, 1983 Pressed for Ca$h EP, 1984 Rotting in the Fart Sack EP, 1985 Key To The City, 1986 Fuck The Millennium, 2000 Vaultage 78, 1978 Oi The Album "Rob A Bank" 1980 The Kids Are United "Rob A Bank" 1981 Carry On Oi "Transvestite", "Maniac"1981 The Secret Life of Punks "Maniac" 1982 Punk and Disorderly, 1982 There Is No Future "Banned From The Pubs", "Up Yer Bum" 1984 Angels With Dirty Faces "Banned From The Pubs", "Moped Lads" 1984 Viva La Revolution "Run Like Hell" 1985 The Best of Peter and the Test Tube Babies, 1988 Oi Chartbusters Vol.5 "Transvestite" 1989 Test Tube Trash, 1994 The Punk Singles Collection, 1995 Official Homepage Discography
The U. K. Subs are an English punk band, among the earliest in the first wave of British punk. Formed in 1976, the mainstay of the band has been vocalist Charlie Harper a singer in Britain's R&B scene, they were one of the first street punk bands. The U. K. Subs were part of the original punk movement in England; the band formed in 1976 using the name the Subversives. The band's founder, Charlie Harper selected guitarist Nicky Garratt, bassist Paul Slack, various drummers under the initial name "U. K. Subversives"; the London-based band's early line-up changed frequently. Their style combined the energy of punk and the rock and roll edge of the thriving pub rock scene; the band had hit singles such as "Stranglehold", "Warhead", "Teenage", "Tomorrow's Girls", with several of their songs managing to enter the United Kingdom's Top Forty. The band played several John Peel sessions in 1978 for BBC Radio 1, played some opening gigs for The Police, recorded a set at The Roxy, issued in 1980 as Live Kicks, they signed a recording contract with GEM Records in May 1979.
Under GEM, the U. K. Subs recorded Another Kind of Blues and Brand New Age, their biggest selling album came with 1980s Crash Course. Crash Course was recorded at the Rainbow Theatre in London on 30 May 1980 during the Brand New Age tour. In 1979 Julien Temple wrote and directed a short film Punk Can Take It, a parody of wartime documentaries, that consisted of the U. K. Subs playing live on stage; the film was released theatrically. In the 1980s with the addition of the new bassist Alvin Gibbs and drummer Steve Roberts, the songs took on a more heavy metal-influenced edge. In July 1982, they became the first western band to perform in Poland since the imposition of martial law, the suppression of the trade union, Solidarity, their concert was held in Gdańsk, they were supported by Brygada Kryzys. In 1983 they came to Poland, where they played several concerts with new wave polish band Republika. In 1991, the U. K. Subs had Lars Frederiksen on guitar for a 30 date UK tour. Decades after the disbanding of other late-1970s punk groups such as the Sex Pistols and The Clash, the U.
K. Subs continue to perform. Successive U. K. Subs album titles start with consecutive letters of the alphabet, the band announced on 24 October 2015 via their Facebook page, that the 26th album starting with the letter "Z" would be their last long playing record, although they would continue to release EPs; the band intend to fund the final album through Crowdfunding site Pledge Music, the official start date for their pledge campaign is 1 November 2015. The U. K. Subs song "Down on the Farm" was covered by Guns N' Roses on their 1993 covers album "The Spaghetti Incident?". The U. K. Subs joined the bill for the 2006 Fiend Fest; the band have toured with The Misfits, The Adicts, Osaka Popstar, Agent Orange, The Ramones. The U. K. Subs song "Warhead" is played in the movie, This Is England. U. K. Subs are one of the regular bands to play the Rebellion Festival nearly every year since its origins as The Holidays In The Sun Festival in 1996. In 2007, drummer Jamie Oliver was a contestant on the UK quiz show Nothing But the Truth.
Vocalist Charlie Harper was among the panel of witnesses. Oliver lost it all in a bid to double his winnings. In recent years, the band's work has been critical of British politician Nick Clegg, with the 2013 song Coalition Government Blues describing the Liberal Democrats' leader as "liking his perks"; the band's 2015 album Yellow Leader was suspected of referring to Clegg, with yellow being the official colour of his political party. Another Kind of Blues Brand New Age Crash Course Diminished Responsibility Endangered Species Flood of Lies Gross Out USA Huntington Beach In Action Japan Today Killing Time Live in Paris Mad Cow Fever Normal Service Resumed Occupied Peel Sessions 1978-79 Quintessentials Riot Sub Mission: The Best of the U. K. Subs 1982-1998 Time Warp: Greatest Hits Universal Violent State Work In Progress XXIV Yellow Leader Ziezo Live Kicks Dance & Travel In The Robot Age Live In London Recorded 1979-1981 Demonstration Tapes Subs Standards Left For Dead Raw Material A. W. O. L; the Singles 1978-1982 Europe Calling Down On The Farm Los Exitos En Singles 1978-1985 Scum Of The Earth-Best Of The Punk Is Back Punk Can Take It - Rare And Unreleased 79-82 Self-Destruct - Punk Can Take It 2 Punk Rock Rarities Live In The Warzone The Punk Singles Collection Warhead Countdown World War Staffordshire Bull Before You Were Punk Live & Loud Original Punks Original Hits Complete Riot An Introduction to The U.
K. Subs Stranglehold Greatest Hits Dance & Travel In The Robot Age Punk And Disorderly III - The Final Solution Backstage pass - Pronit Hardcore Breakout USA Snowboard Addiction - Fun Ride Skaters Gear - 6 Hardcore Breakout USA Volume 2 The British Punk Invasion Vol 2 The Punk, The Bad & The Ugly At War