Claudine Georgette Longet is a French-American singer, actress and recording artist, popular during the 1960s and 1970s. Born in Paris, Longet was married to American singer and television entertainer Andy Williams from 1961 until 1975, she has maintained a private profile since 1977, following her conviction for negligent homicide in connection with the death of her boyfriend, former Olympic skier Spider Sabich. Her first appearances as an actress on television were in two 1963 episodes of the comedy series McHale's Navy, she acted in the 1964 theatrical feature film of the same title. Many of her acting roles during the 1960s were in episodes of television adventure series that included Twelve O'Clock High, Combat!, The Name of the Game, The Rat Patrol and Hogan's Heroes Episode #20: It Takes a Thief... Sometimes. Longet was cast as Sharhri Javid in the 1965 episode"The Silent Dissuaders" of the NBC education drama series, Mr. Novak, starring James Franciscus, she appeared many times on specials.
She occasionally appeared as a singer on other variety and music programs, including those of singers Bobby Darin and Tom Jones. Williams described Longet as "a beautiful, slender, petite brunette with large doe eyes--my favorite French singer." Her career breakthrough occurred in 1966. She had a guest-starring role in the season-one finale of the NBC television adventure series Run for Your Life, which starred Ben Gazzara. In the episode "The Sadness of A Happy Time" she performed her English-French bilingual rendition of Antônio Carlos Jobim's bossa nova song "Meditation"; the episode was first broadcast on 16 May 1966. A&M Records cofounder Herb Alpert was among the viewers whom Longet charmed with her performance of "Meditation"; when Alpert met Longet by happenstance at a club in New Orleans in 1966, he offered her a recording contract with his company. Longet recorded singles, five albums, for A&M Records between 1966 and 1970. "Meditation" was Longet's first single release for A&M. Other Jobim compositions that she has recorded include "A Felicidade," "How Insensitive", "Dindi".
In 1968, Longet costarred with Peter Sellers in the MGM motion picture The Party, a box office hit that Blake Edwards wrote and directed. Longet sang "Nothing to Lose" in the film. In 1971, she joined Williams's Barnaby Records label, she released singles and two albums for Barnaby, We've Only Just Begun in 1971 and Let's Spend the Night Together in 1972. She recorded songs for a projected third album for Barnaby that went unreleased. Many of the songs for the planned third album appeared on the 1993 compact disc release titled Sugar Me, after the Lynsey de Paul song that Longet covered in the early 70's, but the masters for some of the other songs are missing and presumed lost. In 1975, she appeared as "The Flower" with Richard Burton, Jonathan Winters, others, on the children's album The Little Prince, based on the Antoine de Saint Exupéry novel; the album won the Grammy Award for Best Album for Children in 1976. She has enjoyed success on the music popularity charts, her 1967 debut album, peaked at #11 on the Billboard pop albums chart in the United States.
Claudine became a RIAA-certified gold album. Subsequent albums The Look of Love peaked at #33 in 1967 and Love is Blue peaked at #29 in 1968 on the Billboard pop albums chart in the U. S. Longet's musical cohort on her charting albums was arranger Nick De Caro, he arranged her other two albums on A&M, Colours and Run Wild, Run Free, We've Only Just Begun on Barnaby. She has had hit singles in America on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart, her charting singles include her cover version of "Here and Everywhere", "Hello, Hello", "Good Day Sunshine", "Small Talk", "Love is Blue", a 1967 Eurovision Song Contest entry that gained fourth place. Another song, "Wanderlove", went to #7 on the singles charts in Singapore and still gets airplay on Asian radio, she remains popular in Japan. Longet and Williams met in Las Vegas in 1960 while she was dancing lead in the Folies Bergère revue at the Tropicana Resort & Casino. Longet had pulled over to the side of the road. Driving by, Williams stopped to offer assistance.
She was 18 and he was 32. They married on 15 December 1961 in Los Angeles, had three children: Noëlle and Robert, they separated in 1970 and divorced in January 1975. According to Williams, they remained "very good friends." Longet and Andy Williams were close friends of Senator Robert F. Kennedy and his wife, Ethel Kennedy. During the mid-1960s, the couple hosted the Kennedys at their residences in Bel Air and Palm Springs and spent time at the Kennedy residences at Hickory Hill and New York City, they took summer cruises together on the Salmon River in central Idaho and on the Colorado River. On or before 4 June 1968, the day of the 1968 Democratic Party presidential primary in California, Kennedy — a contending Democratic presidential candidate — and his wife made tentative arrangements with Williams and Longet to visit Los Angeles's The Factory nightclub. According to Williams, Robert Kennedy told them that he would ma
Cowboys and Aliens (album)
Cowboys and Aliens is the fourth studio album by British alternative rock band Kitchens of Distinction, released on 3 October 1994 in the UK by One Little Indian Records and on January 24, 1995 by A&M Records in the US. The album was recorded in Kippford, Scotland at Pete Bartlett's Radio King studio through the summer and autumn of 1993. One Little Indian rejected the album twice, both label and band agreed to bring in up-and-coming producer Pascal Gabriel to work on a couple of tracks. One of the label's complaints about the album as the band submitted it was that they felt it lacked a potential hit single, so Gabriel produced a new song that the band had written after the rest of the album had been recorded. Although the band admitted that they enjoyed working with Gabriel, the changes did nothing to help the album's dismal sales. By the end of 1995, both A&M and OLI had dropped the band. Following the album's release, the band shortened their name to Kitchens O. D. and recorded and released the non-album single "Feel My Genie"/"To Love a Star" in May 1996 before calling it quits.
All tracks written by Kitchens of Distinction. "Now It's Time to Say Goodbye" "Now It's Time to Say Goodbye" "Jesus Nevada" "White Horses" "What We Really Wanted to Do" Patrick Fitzgerald – vocals, bass Julian Swales – guitar Dan Goodwin – drums, percussion Producers: Kitchens of Distinction and Pete Bartlett, except: "Come on Now" produced by Pascal Gabriel "Sand on Fire" and "Now It's Time to Say Goodbye" remixed by Pascal Gabriel Katie Meehan – vocals on "Sand on Fire," "Get Over Yourself," "Remember Me?" and "Now It's Time to Say Goodbye" Harvey Brough – string arrangements on "Come on Now" Richard Lohr – photography Design by Cactus Recorded and mixed at Kippford, Scotland Studio conceived and installed by Pete Bartlett Vibes by Kristine Filer Mastered at Metropolis by Tim Young Allmusic's review of "Now It's Time to Say Goodbye" single
Kitchens of Distinction
Kitchens of Distinction are an English three-person alternative rock band formed in Tooting, South London in 1986. They released four studio albums and a handful of singles and EPs before disbanding in 1996. In September 2012, Patrick Fitzgerald announced on his Stephen Hero Facebook page that he, along with original members Julian Swales and Dan Goodwin, were working on new material as Kitchens of Distinction; the reunited trio released their fifth studio album, their first since 1994, in late September 2013. Dan Goodwin met Julian Swales at college in 1980, Swales met Patrick Fitzgerald at a party in 1985; the trio began rehearsing together that same year, taking their name from a company of the same name that specialised in home decor and kitchen and plumbing fixtures, after Swales spotted one of their advertisements on the side of a bus while riding his bike. The Kitchens' first single, "The Last Gasp Death Shuffle" (which featured Swales on lead vocals and bass, as well as guitar, was recorded in just one day on an eight-track in a Kennington basement, was released in December 1987 on the band's own Gold Rush Records.
It was named a single of the week in the NME, led to the band signing with the British indie label One Little Indian Records. Their first singles for One Little Indian, 1988's "Prize" and 1989's "The 3rd Time We Opened the Capsule", made it onto the "NME Writers' 100 Best Indie Singles Ever" list, published 25 July 1992, their first full-length album, Love Is Hell, was released in April 1989. Fitzgerald's impassioned, wordy bluntly personal vocals careened over what sounded like a mass of swirling guitars, though the band only had one guitarist. Swales' chiming, effects-laden style of playing drew him comparisons to the guitarists of The Chameleons, Cocteau Twins, A. R. Kane. KOD's melodic yet abstract sound was a precursor to the shoegazing scene of the late 1980s/early 1990s. Despite the promising start, the band faced a subdued reception from the mainstream music industry due to their lyrical content. For instance, "Margaret's Injection", on the 1989 Elephantine EP, was a fantasy about killing then-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
Fitzgerald was gay, his lyrics were unapologetic on tracks like "Prize" and "Within the Daze of Passion". The more indie-focused television programs like Snub TV and Rapido failed to give them much coverage, although Snub TV played the video for their 1991 single "Drive That Fast", they were not offered a John Peel radio session, although they did get one after asking Peel following a Glastonbury performance which he appreciated. Kitchens of Distinction sometimes performed "secret" gigs under the alter ego Toilets of Destruction. An example was at The Bull & Gate in Kentish Town on 6 August 1990, where the band appeared in drag and played ABBA, David Bowie, Bauhaus covers. In 1990, they signed with A&M Records in the US, went into the studio with producer Hugh Jones, their second album, Strange Free World, was released in February 1991, spawned some moderately successful singles in "Drive that Fast" and "Quick as Rainbows", both of which were well received by college radio in the US. The band went back into the studio in 1992, again with Jones at the helm, their third album The Death of Cool came out in August that year.
A&M balked at the band's choice of "Breathing Fear" for the first single, due to its touchy subject matter, so "Smiling" became the album's initial single in the US. The band toured extensively, including a high-profile slot opening for their US labelmate Suzanne Vega, whose album 99.9F° came out within a few weeks of theirs. In 1993, KOD began work on their fourth album, co-producing it themselves with engineer Pete Bartlett. One Little Indian rejected the album twice, both label and band agreed to bring in up-and-coming producer Pascal Gabriel to work on a couple of tracks. One of the label's complaints about the album as the band submitted it was that they felt it lacked a potential hit single, so Gabriel produced a new song that the band had written after the rest of the album had been recorded; the resulting album and Aliens, was released in the UK in October 1994, although the band admitted that they enjoyed working with Gabriel, the changes did nothing to help the album's dismal sales.
When the album saw its US release in early 1995, it was ignored by the same alternative rock radio and media that had championed them just a few years before. By the end of 1995, both A&M and OLI had dropped the band. Shortening their name to Kitchens O. D. and signing to the London-based indie label Fierce Panda Records, they issued a single, "Feel My Genie" in May 1996, named "Single of the Week" by Melody Maker, but they disbanded that summer after a farewell gig at London's Kings Cross. Fitzgerald continued to record and release music under the name Fruit, a project that featured guest vocals from Miki Berenyi of Lush and Isabel Monteiro of Drugstore, he formed Lost Girls, a project with 4AD recording artist Heidi Berry. Since 2000, he ha
Songs for the Young at Heart
Songs for the Young at Heart is a children's music album put together by Stuart A. Staples and Dave Boulter, both from the band Tindersticks, it features a number of classic children's songs and nursery rhymes set to music, features vocals from a number of famous artists. Boulter states that the inspiration for the album came after the birth of his son, when: "I began thinking of songs and nursery rhymes from my own childhood to play to him. I realised there was a lot of interesting and forgotten music, from the school room, the radio, the television, that maybe was the reason I'd begun to make my own music in the first place."Initial copies of the CD were accompanied by a hardback book containing artwork by Sexton Ming. "Theme for the Young at Heart" "Uncle Sigmund's Clockwork Storybook" - Robert Forster "Florence's Sad Song" - Stuart Murdoch "White Horses" - Cerys Matthews "The Lion and Albert" - told by Jarvis Cocker "Robinson Crusoe" "Hushabye Mountain" - Stuart A. Staples "Morningtown Ride" - Suzanne Osborne "Inchworm" - Kurt Wagner "Mary, Mungo & Midge" "Puff the Magic Dragon" - Bonnie'Prince' Billy and Red "The 3 Sneezes" - read by Martin Wallace "Hey, Don't You Cry" - Stuart A.
Staples Official Site
A stud farm or stud in animal husbandry is an establishment for selective breeding of livestock. The word "stud" comes from the Old English stod meaning "herd of horses, place where horses are kept for breeding". Documentation of the breedings that occur on a stud farm leads to the development of a stud book. Male animals made available for breeding to outside female animals are said to be "standing at stud", or at "stud service", referencing the high probability that they are kept at a stud farm; the word stud is restricted to larger domesticated animals, such as cattle and horses. A specialized vocabulary exists for the studs of other animals, such as kennel and aviary. During the Middle Ages, stud farms were managed as part of a monastery. At the time, few people apart from monks could read and write, so they were charged with the responsibility of recording pedigrees; the Carthusian monks are famous for their role in breeding the Andalusian horse in Spain, while monasteries in Bavaria were responsible for the original Rottaler horse.
A state stud farm is one, owned by the government. The first state studs were ordered by Louis XIV of France in 1665; the purpose of the state studs was to make high-quality horses available to local breeders and farmers to accelerate the evolution of local horses. Stud farms which kept a herd of mares in addition to stallions were dubbed "Principal" Studs. State-owned stallions were made accessible with low or no stud fees. Germany is most famous for its Principal and State Studs, which have been instrumental in the shaping of the German riding horses and several breeds of German cold bloods; the Hanoverian is associated with the State Stud of Celle, the Rhinelander and Westphalian with the State Stud of Warendorf, the Brandenburger with the Principal Stud of Neustadt an der Dosse, so on. Other European state studs include: Haras national du Pin, the first state stud created in FranceLipizza of Inner Austria, known for the Lipizzaner horse Kladrub, another state stud established by Austria at Kladruby nad Labem, in what is now the Czech Republic, which breeds the Kladruber Mezőhegyes of Hungary Bábolna of Hungary, which breeds the Arabian horse, the Shagya Arabian and others Radautz of Austria Piber Federal Stud of Austria, began as a military depot, since 1920 known for breeding the Lipizzaner horse Janów Podlaski in Poland, best known for breeding purebred Arabians.
Kisbér of Hungary The Irish National Stud, which breeds Thoroughbreds Michałów of Poland, which breeds Arabians. Marbach stud known as Weil-Marbach, Württemberg. Produces Arabians, Black Forest Horses and warmbloods. Yeguada Militar, Spain Trakehnen, in East Prussia, now Russia, home of the Trakehner; the German city of "Stuttgart" gets its name from stud farms. Around the world, private individuals have breeding farms of various sizes that are dedicated to animal breeding of purebred livestock; some may have been founded with government assistance or sponsorship, or owned by political leaders, while others are the private enterprise of those who own them. Some of the largest and most impressive are those dedicated to Thoroughbred horse breeding, such as the historic Claiborne Farm in Kentucky or the Darley Stud, owned by Dubai H. H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, which stands over fifty stallions at stud in facilities located in seven countries. Many stud farms make male animals available for breeding to outside female animals that are not owned by the stud farm.
Doing so provides an outside source of revenue to a stud farm via the stud fees paid to obtain the services of the stud animal as well as contributing to the overall genetic diversity of the animal's offspring. At state stud farms, stud service is not only a source of income, but due to the high standards set for breeding animals, has an overall effect of improving the quality of animals throughout an area. In most cases, the owner of the female brings the animal to the stud farm for breeding, sometimes leaving her there for over a month to be sure that pregnancy has occurred. However, with the invention of artificial insemination and the ability to ship semen, combined with the availability of DNA testing for parentage verification, many breed registries allow semen to be shipped from the stud farm to the location of the female animal, thus reducing or eliminating the need for animals to travel. A stud manager or "stud master" is an individual responsible for an employer's breeding stock.
The term is used for individuals working with dogs or horses. It is applied regardless of gender; the stud manager suggests desired matings to the owner, arranges for the same, whether in-house or by contract with animals standing at stud and arranges matings to the owner's animals at stud requested by outsiders, keeps all records, including notifying the appropriate animal registries. In a European large or formal household the "Stud Master" or manager may be a permanent title and position. Most large stud farms have a full-time individual assigned to stallion management, but many stud managers have either a part-time or contractual arrangement or their duties as stud manager may be incorporated with those of the overall farm or stable manager. Horse breeding
The Romani, colloquially known as Gypsies or Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, traditionally itinerant, living in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan and Punjab regions of modern-day India. Genetic findings appear to confirm that the Romani "came from a single group that left northwestern India about 1,500 years ago." Genetic research published in the European Journal of Human Genetics "revealed that over 70% of males belong to a single lineage that appears unique to the Roma." They are a dispersed people, but their most concentrated populations are located in Europe Central and Southern Europe. The Romani originated in northern India and arrived in Mid-West Asia and Europe around 1,000 years ago, they have been associated with another Indo-Aryan group, the Dom people: the two groups have been said to have separated from each other or, at least, to share a similar history. The ancestors of both the Romani and the Dom left North India sometime between the 6th and 11th century.
The Romani are known among English-speaking people by the exonym Gypsies, which some people consider pejorative due to its connotations of illegality and irregularity. Since the 19th century, some Romani have migrated to the Americas. There are an estimated one million Roma in the United States. Brazil includes a notable Romani community descended from people deported by the Portuguese Empire during the Portuguese Inquisition. In migrations since the late 19th century, Romani have moved to other countries in South America and to Canada. In February 2016, during the International Roma Conference, the Indian Minister of External Affairs stated that the people of the Roma community were children of India; the conference ended with a recommendation to the Government of India to recognize the Roma community spread across 30 countries as a part of the Indian diaspora. The Romani language is divided into several dialects which together have an estimated number of speakers of more than two million; the total number of Romani people is at least twice as high.
Many Romani are native speakers of the dominant language in their country of residence or of mixed languages combining the dominant language with a dialect of Romani. French bohème, bohémien, from the Kingdom of Bohemia, where they were incorrectly believed to have come from, carrying writs of protection from King Sigismund of Bohemia. French gitan, English gypsy, Spanish gitano, Catalan gitano, Italian gitano, Portuguese cigano, Turkish kipti, all from Greek Αἰγύπτιος Aigýptios "Egyptian", Hungarian fáreónépe from Greek φαραώ pharaó "pharaoh" – referring to their Egyptian provenance. Usage of "gypsy" and derived words differs between groups as some Roma groups use this word as a self-identifier while others consider this word a racial slur. English tzigane, Spanish zíngaro, cíngaro, French tzigane, Old High German zigeuner, German Zigeuner, Dutch zigeuner, Danish sigøjner, Swedish zigenare, Norwegian sigøynere Old Church Slavic ациганинъ atsyganin, Italian zingaro, Romanian țigan, Hungarian cigány, Serbo-Croatian cigan, Albanian cigan, Polish cygan, Czech cikán, Portuguese cigano, Turkish çigan, Azerbaijani çıqan, Slovak cigán or cigáň, Venetian singano, Russian цыгане tsygane, Ukrainian цигани tsyhany, Lithuanian čigonai, Latvian čigāni, Georgian ციგანი.
Due to the negative connotations of referring to an ethnic group as "untouchable" words derived from this source are considered derogatory and outdated by modern Roma peoples. Albanian Jevg, gabel, Magjup Azerbaijani qaraçı Arabic Nawar and Zott. Egyptian Arabic ghager Rom means husband in the Romani language, it has the variants dom and lom, related with the Sanskrit words dam-pati, lom, loman, romaça. Another possible origin is from Sanskrit डोम doma. In the Romani language, Rom is a masculine noun, meaning'man of the Roma ethnic group' or'man, husband', with the plural Roma; the feminine of Rom in the Romani language is Romni. However, in most cases, in other languages Rom is now used for people of both genders. Romani is the feminine adjective; some Romanies use Rom or Roma as an ethnic name, while others do not use this term as a self-ascription for the entire ethnic group. Sometimes and romani are spelled with a double r, i.e. rrom and rromani. In this case rr is used to represent the phoneme /ʀ/, which in some Romani dialects has remained different from the one written with a single r.
The rr spelling is common in certain institutions, or used in certain countries, e.g. Romania, to distinguish from the endonym/homonym for Romanians. In the English language, Rom is a noun and an adje
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers and the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain and the Balkans; the urban area of the City of Belgrade has a population of 1.23 million, while nearly 1.7 million people live within its administrative limits. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco–Dacians inhabited the region and, after 279 BC, Celts settled the city, naming it Singidūn, it was conquered by the Romans under the reign of Augustus and awarded Roman city rights in the mid-2nd century. It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, changed hands several times between the Byzantine Empire, the Frankish Empire, the Bulgarian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary before it became the seat of the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin. In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo.
It passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars. Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. Northern Belgrade remained the southernmost Habsburg post until 1918. In a fatally strategic position, the city was razed 44 times. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation in 1918 to its dissolution in 2006. Belgrade has special administrative status within Serbia and it is one of the five statistical regions that make up the country, its metropolitan territory is divided into each with its own local council. The city of Belgrade covers 3.6% of Serbia's territory, around 24% of the country's population lives within its administrative limits. It is classified as a Beta-Global City. Chipped stone tools found in Zemun show that the area around Belgrade was inhabited by nomadic foragers in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic eras; some of these tools are of Mousterian industry—belonging to Neanderthals rather than modern humans.
Aurignacian and Gravettian tools have been discovered near the area, indicating some settlement between 50,000 and 20,000 years ago. The first farming people to settle in the region are associated with the Neolithic Starčevo culture, which flourished between 6200 and 5200 BC. There are several Starčevo sites including the eponymous site of Starčevo; the Starčevo culture was succeeded by the Vinča culture, a more sophisticated farming culture that grew out of the earlier Starčevo settlements and named for a site in the Belgrade region. The Vinča culture is known for its large settlements, one of the earliest settlements by continuous habitation and some of the largest in prehistoric Europe. Associated with the Vinča culture are anthropomorphic figurines such as the Lady of Vinča, the earliest known copper metallurgy in Europe, a proto-writing form developed prior to the Sumerians and Minoans known as the Old European script, which dates back to around 5300 BC. Within the city proper, on Cetinjska Street, a skull of a Paleolithic human was discovered in 1890.
The skull is dated to before 5000 BC. Evidence of early knowledge about Belgrade's geographical location comes from a variety of ancient myths and legends; the ridge overlooking the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, for example, has been identified as one of the places in the story of Jason and the Argonauts. In the time of antiquity, the area was populated by Paleo-Balkan tribes, including the Thracians and the Dacians, who ruled much of Belgrade's surroundings. Belgrade was at one point inhabited by the Thraco-Dacian tribe Singi. In 34–33 BC, the Roman army, led by Silanus, reached Belgrade, it became the romanised Singidunum in the 1st century AD and, by the mid-2nd century, the city was proclaimed a municipium by the Roman authorities, evolving into a full-fledged colonia by the end of the century. While the first Christian Emperor of Rome —Constantine I known as Constantine the Great—was born in the territory of Naissus to the city's south, Roman Christianity's champion, Flavius Iovianus, was born in Singidunum.
Jovian reestablished Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, ending the brief revival of traditional Roman religions under his predecessor Julian the Apostate. In 395 AD, the site passed to the Eastern Byzantine Empire. Across the Sava from Singidunum was the Celtic city of Taurunum. In 442, the area was ravaged by Attila the Hun. In 471, it was taken by king of the Ostrogoths, who continued into Italy; as the Ostrogoths left, another Germanic tribe, the Gepids, invaded the city. In 539 it was retaken by the Byzantines. In 577, some 100,000 Slavs poured into Thrace and Illyricum, pillaging cities and more permanently settling the region; the Avars, under Bayan I, conquered the whole region and its new Slavic population by 582. Following Byzantine reconquest, the Byzantine chronicle De Administrando Imperio mentions the White Serbs, who had stopped in Belgrade on their way back home, asking the strategos for lands. In 829, Khan Omurtag was able to add its environs to the First Bulgarian Empire.
The first record of the name Belograd appeared on April, 16th, 878, in