The Widow at Windsor
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"Danny Deever" is an 1890 poem by Rudyard Kipling, one of the first of the Barrack-Room Ballads. It received wide critical and popular acclaim, is regarded as one of the most significant pieces of Kipling's early verse; the poem, a ballad, describes the execution of a British soldier in India for murder. His execution is viewed by his regiment, paraded to watch it, the poem is composed of the comments they exchange as they see him hanged; the poem was first published on 22 February 1890 in the Scots Observer, in America in the year, printed as part of the Barrack-Room Ballads shortly thereafter. It is read as being set in India, though it gives no details of the actual situation; some research has suggested that the poem was written with a specific incident in mind, the execution of one Private Flaxman of The Leicestershire Regiment, at Lucknow in 1887. A number of details of this execution correspond to the occasion described by Kipling in the poem, he used a story similar to that of Flaxman's as a basis for the story Black Jack.
Kipling wrote the various Barrack-Room Ballads in early 1890, about a year since he had last been in India, three years since Flaxman's execution. Though he wrote large amounts of occasional verse, he added a note beneath the title giving the context of the poem. Danny Deever does not have any such notes, but "Cleared", written in the same month as Danny Deever, does; this suggests that it was not thought by Kipling to be inspired by a specific incident, though it is quite possible that he remembered the Flaxman case. The form is a dialogue, between a young and inexperienced soldier and a more experienced and older NCO; the setting is an execution presumed to be somewhere in India. This procedure strengthened discipline in the unit, by a process of deterrence, helped inure inexperienced soldiers to the sight of death; the young soldier is unaware of what is happening, at first – he asks why the bugles are blowing, why the Sergeant looks so pale, but is told that Deever is being hanged, that the regiment is drawn up in "ollow square" to see it.
He presses the Sergeant further, in the second verse – why are people breathing so hard? Why are some men collapsing? These signs of the effect that watching the hanging has upon the men of the regiment are explained away by the Sergeant as being due to the cold weather or the bright sun; the voice is reassuring, keeping the young soldier calm in the sight of death, just as the Sergeant will calm him with his voice in combat. In the third verse, Files thinks of Deever, saying that he slept alongside him, drank with him, but the Sergeant reminds him that Deever is now alone, that he sleeps "out an' far to-night", reminds the soldier of the magnitude of Deever's crime – For'e shot a comrade sleepin' – you must look'im in the face; the Sergeant moves the men away. The poem is composed of four eight-line verses, containing a dialogue between two voices: "What are the bugles blowin' for?" said Files-on-Parade. "To turn you out, to turn you out", the Colour-Sergeant said. "What makes you look so white, so white?" said Files-on-Parade.
"I'm dreadin' what I've got to watch", the Colour-Sergeant said. For they're hangin' Danny Deever, you can hear the Dead March play, The regiment's in'ollow square – they're hangin' him to-day, it is noticeable that the poem is written in a vernacular English. Though the Barrack-Room Ballads have made this appear a common feature of Kipling's work, at the time it was quite unusual; the speech is not a direct representation of any single dialect, but it serves to give a clear effect of a working class English voice of the period. Note the "taken of his buttons off", a deliberate error, to add to the stylised speech; the four verses each consist of two questions asked by "Files" and answered by the Sergeant- a call-and-response form – and another four lines of the Sergeant explaining, as above. In some interpretations, the second four lines are taken to be spoken by a third voice, another "file-on-parade". Both the poem's rhythm and its rhyme scheme reinforce the idea of drilling infantry by giving the effect of feet marching but not in unison: Although the poem's overall meter is iambic, each line in the verses and, to the lesser extent, the chorus features syllables with additional grammatical
The Fringes of the Fleet is a booklet written in 1915 by Rudyard Kipling. The booklet contains essays and poems about nautical subjects in World War I, it is the title of a song-cycle written in 1917 with music by the English composer Edward Elgar and lyrics from poems in Kipling's booklet. In 1915 Kipling was commissioned by The Daily Telegraph to write a series of six articles on his view of life in less well-known aspects of the defence of the nation on its seas; these were given the general title "The Fringes of the Fleet", had three sub-titles "The Auxiliaries", "Submarines" and "Patrols", published between 20 November and 2 December. Each was prefaced by a short poem. Afterwards the poems and essays were re-published in a booklet called "The Fringes of the Fleet". 1. The Auxiliaries – IThe text opens with a poem The Lowestoft Boat which starts with the words "In Lowestoft a boat was laid, / Mark well what I do say!" given the title "The Lowestoft Boat" and a subtitle "".2. The Auxiliaries – IIThe text opens with a poem which starts "Dawn off the Foreland – the young flood making / Jumbled and short and steep – " titled "Mine Sweepers".3.
Submarines – IThe text opens with a poem which resembles the shanty "Farewell and adieu to you, Spanish Ladies". The original and final title, "Harwich Ladies", was for security reasons at the time changed to "Greenwich Ladies".4. Submarines – IIThe text opens with a short poem titled "Tin Fish"; the poem starts "The ships destroy us above / And ensnare us beneath."5. Patrols – IThe text opens with a poem entitled "A Song in Storm", which starts with the words "Be well assured that on our side / Our challenged oceans fight."6. Patrols – IIThe final article begins with a poem called "The North Sea Patrol". In January 1916 Lord Charles Beresford requested Elgar to make songs of some of the verses in Kipling's booklet: Elgar chose four of them, appropriately set them for four men's voices. Elgar gave different titles to three of the four poems The Lowestoft Boat used the words of the poem of the same name Fate's Discourtesy – the poem "A Song in Storm"; the words "Fate's discourtesy" appear in the refrain to all three verses.
Edward German set the same poem to music for voice and piano in 1916, giving it the title of the first phrase "Be well assured". Submarines – the poem "Tin Fish"; the Sweepers, – the poem "Mine Sweepers". The work was dedicated by the composer "...to my friend Admiral Lord Beresford". The first performance was, at Elgar's suggestion, part of a wartime variety show at the London Coliseum on 11 June 1917, the singers were baritones Charles Mott, Harry Barratt, Frederick Henry and Frederick Stewart; the show was a great success. In the production the curtain rose on a seaport scene, outside a public house, with the four singers in rough-and-ready merchant-seamen's clothes, seated around a table. "Inside the Bar"The song Inside the Bar, with words by Sir Gilbert Parker, was subsequently added to the cycle and performed by the same singers at the same theatre two weeks later. The songs were so popular that that year Elgar conducted the songs around British provincial music-halls, with Charles Mott replaced by George Parker.
For reasons which Elgar did not understand at the time, when they returned to the Coliseum at the end of that year, Kipling appeared and objected to his songs being performed at music-halls. Kipling was upset by the report. Elgar's singer, Charles Mott, was killed in France in May 1918; the first recording was made on 4 July 1917, with singers Charles Mott, Frederick Henry, Frederick Stewart and Harry Barratt, Elgar conducting a'Symphony Orchestra'. This acoustic recording was made for The Gramophone Company and appeared under the H. M. V. Label, on discs D453-4. Songs and Piano Music by Edward Elgar "The Fringes of the Fleet" performed by Peter Savidge with Mark Bamping, William Houghton and Edward Whiffin, David Owen Norris Elgar: War Music Paul Kenyon, Stephen Godward, Simon Theobald, Russell Watson, Barry Collett, Rutland Sinfonia The CD with the book Oh, My Horses! Elgar and the Great War has many historical recordings including the 1917 recording of Fringes of the Fleet with Charles Mott, Frederick Henry, Frederick Stewart, Harry Barratt, conducted by Elgar Roderick Williams/Guildford Philharmonic Orchestra/Tom Higgins SOMMCD243 This recording by the Guildford Philharmonic was billed as the first professional orchestral performance in over 90 years.
In 1916 The Fringes of the Fleet was republished by Macmillan, titled Sea Warfare, with two other sections relating to the Navy and a final poem: The Fringes of the Fleet Opens with a poem The Lowestoft Boat. They play their grisly blindfold games In little boxes made of tin; the Battle of Jutland About the sea battle. Not this tide When d’you think that he’ll come back? Not with this wind blowing, this tide. A poem titled "The Neutral" ends the book Brethren, how shall it fare with me When the war is laid aside, If it be proved that I am he For whom a world has died? The song Big Steamers, written in 1918, on a related subject with words by Kipling and
Kim is a novel by Nobel Prize-winning English author Rudyard Kipling. It was first published serially in McClure's Magazine from December 1900 to October 1901 as well as in Cassell's Magazine from January to November 1901, first published in book form by Macmillan & Co. Ltd in October 1901; the story unfolds against the backdrop of The Great Game, the political conflict between Russia and Britain in Central Asia. The novel made the term "Great Game" popular and introduced the theme of great power rivalry and intrigue, it is set after the Second Afghan War which ended in 1881, but before the Third in the period 1893 to 1898. The novel is notable for its detailed portrait of the people and varied religions of India. "The book presents a vivid picture of India, its teeming populations and superstitions, the life of the bazaars and the road."In 1998, the Modern Library ranked Kim No. 78 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. In 2003 the book was listed on the BBC's The Big Read poll of the UK's "best-loved novel."
Kim is the orphaned son of a poor Irish mother who have both died in poverty. Living a vagabond existence in India under British rule in the late 19th century, Kim earns his living by begging and running small errands on the streets of Lahore, he works for Mahbub Ali, a Pashtun horse trader, one of the native operatives of the British secret service. Kim is so immersed in the local culture that few realise he is a white child, although he carries a packet of documents from his father entrusted to him by an Indian woman who cared for him. Kim befriends an aged Tibetan Lama, on a quest to free himself from the Wheel of Things by finding the legendary ″River of the Arrow″. Kim becomes his chela, or disciple, accompanies him on his journey. On the way, Kim incidentally learns about parts of the Great Game and is recruited by Mahbub Ali to carry a message to the head of British intelligence in Umballa. Kim's trip with the lama along the Grand Trunk Road is the first great adventure in the novel. By chance, Kim's father's regimental chaplain identifies Kim by his Masonic certificate, which he wears around his neck, Kim is forcibly separated from the lama.
The lama insists that Kim should comply with the chaplain's plan because he believes it is in Kim's best interests, the boy is sent to a top English school in Lucknow. The lama funds Kim's education. Throughout his years at school, Kim remains in contact with the holy man. Kim retains contact with his secret service connections and is trained in espionage while on vacation from school by Lurgan Sahib, a sort of benevolent Fagin, at his jewellery shop in Simla; as part of his training, Kim looks at a tray full of mixed objects and notes which have been added or taken away, a pastime still called Kim's Game called the Jewel Game. After three years of schooling, Kim is given a government appointment so that he can begin to participate in the Great Game. Before this appointment begins, however, he is granted a much-deserved break. Kim rejoins the lama and at the behest of Kim's superior, Hurree Chunder Mookherjee, they make a trip to the Himalayas so Kim can investigate what some Russian intelligence agents are doing.
Kim obtains maps and other important items from the Russians, who are working to undermine British control of the region. Mookherjee befriends the Russians undercover, acting as a guide, ensures that they do not recover the lost items. Kim, aided by some porters and villagers, helps to rescue the lama; the lama realises. His search for the River of the Arrow should be taking place in the plains, not in the mountains, he orders the porters to take them back. Here Kim and the lama are nursed back to health after their arduous journey. Kim delivers the Russian documents to Hurree, a concerned Mahbub Ali comes to check on Kim; the lama is convinced he has achieved Enlightenment. Kimball "Kim" O'Hara -- is an orphan son of the protagonist. Colonel Creighton – British Army officer and spy Lurgan Sahib – a Simla gem trader and master spy Hurree Chunder Mookherjee – a Bengali intelligence operative working for the British; the Woman of Shamlegh who helps Kim and the Lama to evade the Russian spies and return to the plains the old soldier – a Sikh Risaldar, loyal to the British during the Mutiny.
Reverend Arthur Bennett – the Church of England chaplain of the Mavericks, the Irish regiment to which Kim's father belonged Father Victor – the Roman Catholic chaplain of the Mavericks a Lucknow prostitute whom Kim pays to help disguise him a Kamboh farmer whose sick child Kim helps to cure Huneefa – a sorceress who performs a devil invocation ritual to protect Kim E.23 – a spy for the British whom Kim helps avoid capture Her Majesty's Royal Loyal Musketeers known as "The Mavericks" is a fictional Irish Regiment of the British Army mentioned in the novella "The Mutiny of the Mavericks". The nickname is from the Bull in their colors. Mavericks are stubborn, unbranded cattle that are hard to keep in the herd, much like the independent-minded troops of the regiment, they seem to be a tough regiment with a fierce reputation because in "Kim" they are respectfully known by the natives as the "Red Bullock Men". Cap Badge: A crowned go
The Story of the Gadsbys is a story by Rudyard Kipling. It was published as no. 2 of the Indian Railway Library in 1888. The Story of the Gadsbys is written in dramatic form; this short pamphlet, of 100 pages, was collected in book form as the second part of Soldiers Three. "Poor Dear Mamma" "The World Without" "The Tents of Kedar" "With any Amazement" "The Garden of Eden" "Fatima" "The Valley of the Shadow" "The Swelling of Jordan" "L'Envoi"
Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories is a collection of short stories by Rudyard Kipling. Percival William Williams, affectionately called'Wee Willie Winkie' because of the nursery rhyme, is the only son of the Colonel of the 195th, he makes good friends with a subaltern, whom he nicknames'Coppy'. One day Wee Willie Winkie confesses to Coppy that he saw him kissing Miss Allardyce, whose father was a Major. Coppy persuaded him to keep silent about the matter since they were engaged, but hadn't announced it, yet. Three weeks when Wee Willie Winkie is grounded, he sees Miss Allardyce ride her horse across the river in an attempt to prove her mettle. Wee Willie Winkie knows that the'Bad Men' live on the other side of the river, so he rides out after her though he's grounded. Miss Allardyce's horse falls, giving Miss Allardyce a twisted ankle. Wee Willie Winkie catches up to her and sends his pony, back to the cantonments; some natives find them and consider whether to hold Miss Allardyce and Wee Willie Winkie for ransom or return them for a reward.
When Wee Willie Winkie's riderless horse returns to the cantonments, E Company marshals and sets out to find him. The Company frightens away the natives and Wee Willie Winkie is lauded as a hero for saving Miss Allardyce. A young boy, called Punch, a young girl, called Judy are sent to live with their Aunt Rosa, Uncle Harry, cousin Harry, in England, while their parents remain in Bombay, India. Uncle Harry is kind to Punch, but Aunt Rosa, a domineering Christian, treats him only with scorn and contempt. Life gets worse for Punch and his only escape from his insufferable life is in reading. Things take a turn for the worse when Uncle Harry, the only person besides Judy who shows Black Sheep any kindness, dies. Black Sheep is sent to school and one day gets into a fight at school; this emboldens him and he begins threatening his cousin Harry and Aunt Rosa that he will murder them. He attempts to commit suicide. During this time it is discovered by a visitor to the house; when their mother comes to retrieve them, life improves again for Black Sheep and he goes back to being known as Punch.
A child, named Toby is ignored by his parents and is raised by a nurse, Miss Biddums. But more than anything he wants his parents to love him. Unbeknownst to him, their coolness is the result of an affair. One afternoon a package is left at the house and he covets the string used to wrap it, he removes the string and, to his dismay, the wrapping paper falls off the box. Curious, he opens the box and discovers a jewel inside, he takes it to play with it, intending to give it back to his mother and apologise when she asks for it. But she never asks for it. Toby is wracked with guilt the point of becoming ill. In a delirium he confesses his theft to Miss Biddums. A note is found with the jewel which leads to a reconciliation between his parents; when he wakes up from his fever, his parents give him all the love. The narrator explains that it is known that the regiment known facetiously as the'Fore and Aft' suffered an embarrassing defeat on their first foray into the battlefield. Part of this was due to the inexperience of the officers.
The story concerns two drummer boys and Lew, who are disorderly. When news comes that their company will be sent to the front, they both convince the Colonel to let them come along. Several misunderstandings and mistakes result in the Fore and Aft rushing out to battle before they were supposed to, they are soundly defeated by their opponents, Ghazis from Afghanistan, flee the battlefield. Jakin and Lew, who are left behind, decide to try to rouse the regiment by playing the fife and the drum. The'Fore and Aft' rush back to the fight, but in the first volley of the Afghans both boys are killed. The'Fore and Aft', now inspired by a thirst for revenge, drive back the Afghans and win back some respect, but the honour for the victory goes to the two drummer boys who died while showing bravery greater than that of the men they served with. Works by Rudyard Kipling at Project Gutenberg Works by Kipling at the University of Newcastle Note that as Kipling's writing is in the public domain, a large number of individual websites contain parts of his work.
Something of Myself, Kipling's autobiography The Kipling Society website Kipling Readers' Guide from the Kipling Society.
The Light That Failed is a novel by the Nobel Prize-winning English author Rudyard Kipling, first published in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated January 1891. Most of the novel is set in London, but many important events throughout the story occur in Sudan and Port Said, it follows the life of Dick Heldar, an artist and painter who goes blind, his unrequited love for his childhood playmate, Maisie. It is Kipling's first novel, written when he was 26 years old, is semi-autobiographical. Though it was poorly received by critics, the novel has managed to remain in print for over a century, it was adapted into a play, two silent films as well as a drama film. By the time Kipling returned to England in 1889, he was well on this way to literary fame due to his successful short stories. However, as a novel was expected from him, he began to write The Light That Failed on a short deadline of three months; the novel's inspiration was his failed relationship with Florence Garrard, whom he had first met when he was being fostered with his sister in Southsea.
Kipling remained in touch with Garrard after returning to India to work as a reporter, corresponding with her over letters. She terminated their relationship after two years, leaving Kipling devastated as he had believed himself engaged to her, he attempted to reignite their relationship. He visited her in Paris where she was studying in the Académie Julian, it is not known. While most of the novel is set in London, the military campaigns are set in Sudan and Egypt in Port Said and Suakin; the Mahdist War serves as a background to Dick's first encounter with Torpenhow, his death during the reconquest. The story begins with Dick and Maisie as orphan children in a seaside boarding house under the care of Mrs. Jennet. Dick confesses his infatuation with Maisie but she informs him that she would soon be leaving to complete her education. Years Dick is working as a painter and artist among the British armed forces in Sudan, he meets a war correspondent named Torpenhow who, witnessing his skill, arranges for Dick to be hired by the syndicate that he works for.
The two men strike a friendship and help each other in their respective trades. Dick is injured by a sword-cut to the head and spends a night in delirium, moaning about Maisie. Once the campaign is over, Dick returns to London where he reunites with Torpenhow, his war sketches have drawn attention in England and when his former employers try to withhold his submitted works, Dick bullies their representative into returning them. He shares a rented apartment with Torpenhow in London where the two spend their time working and discussing "Art" along with a few other friends. Dick runs into Maisie again, working as a painter and a student under Dick's former teacher, Kami, he asks her about their relationship and though she rebuffs his advances, she asks him to visit her every Sunday as she values his advice about her work. He relents, he meets Maisie's roommate, a red-haired girl who despises him. While discussing her work, Dick enters into an argument with Maisie about her attempt to paint the "Melancolia" from the book, The City of Dreadful Night.
Dick challenges her that he can do it better. Maisie soon departs for Paris to work under Kami for some months and Dick sees her off at the harbour, he convinces her to give him a kiss, making the red-haired girl furious. When he returns to his room, he discovers that Torpenhow has brought in a pretty young prostitute named Bessie whom he found collapsed in the hall. Taken by her face, Dick convinces the girl to return to his studio so that he can paint her in return for payment. Bessie tries to seduce Torpenhow though they are interrupted by Dick, who rebukes Torpenhow and sends him away. Bessie continues to model for him because of the money. Dick hits upon his notion for the "Melancolia" who he models on Bessie but discovers to his horror that he is going blind due to a past battle injury, he still manages to complete the painting a week after Torpenhow returns, relying on whiskey to help his failing vision. However, Bessie destroys the painting in revenge for his earlier interference. Torpenhow hides the fact from Dick, now blind, regretting that he helped the girl.
When news arrives of a new campaign in Sudan, Torpenhow visits Maisie in Paris and convinces her to meet Dick in the hope that she will look after him. Though visibly anguished, she refuses and Dick asks her to leave, he hides this fact from Torpenhow. Dick meets with Bessie again and upon learning of the Melancolia's destruction, decides to leave for the campaign as well. With help from an acquaintance in Port Said, he reaches the battlefield at the start of a battle but is killed by a bullet to the head. A major theme that runs throughout the novel is unrequited love, embodied in Dick's love for Maisie and his futile attempts at getting her to fall in love with him in return. In contrast, the novel explores the friendship between Dick and Torpenhow with The Guardian noting it to be "the only satisfying relationship" in the novel. Kipling depicts the cruelty and brutality in war as well as daily life, in events such as Torpenhow gouging out an Arab soldier's eye, Dick's bullying of the syndicate representative, his treatment of Bessie and his response to the gunning down of
The Five Nations is a collection of poems by English writer and poet Rudyard Kipling. It was first published in late 1903, both in the United Kingdom and in U. S. A; some of the poems were new. In 1903, the United Kingdom consisted of four nations: England, Ireland and Wales, it was soon suggested that Kipling's "five nations" were the "five free nations of Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, and'the islands of the sea' " —all dominated by Britons. That suggestion was endorsed some one hundred years later. No author seems to have suggested that the "five nations" included India which, as the British Raj, was the basis of Britain's claim to imperial greatness. In an early review, American critic Bliss Perry delicately called The Five Nations both "a notable collection" and "singularly restricted in range of interest"; the poems are divided into two groups. The first is untitled, covers a wide range of subjects; the second is titled "Service Songs", relates to the real or imagined experiences of common British soldiers around the turn of the 20th century