The Adventure Series
The Adventure Series by Enid Blyton, a prolific English childrens author, is a series of eight childrens novels. These books feature the same characters, Jack, Dinah. Jacks pet parrot, Kiki, is a feature in each novel. The stories show the four children off on their own and solving mysteries without much adult assistance, although the publication dates span a decade, Blyton reportedly wrote each of the novels in less than a week. The colourful dust jackets and line illustrations were by Stuart Tresilian, Philip Mannering, A boy with a growth of hair which stands up above the forehead, earning him the nickname Tufty from Jack. Like his late father, Philip has a gift of befriending any type of land-based animal he comes across and he is quite a tease with his sister Dinah about her squeamishness and often gets into fights with her about it. Hes Jacks best friend and is kind to Lucy-Ann when Dinah is a little mean. Jack Trent, A boy about Philips age, who has red hair, green eyes and lots of freckles all over his face and he and his sister Lucy-Ann are orphans and used to live with an unfriendly uncle until they are adopted by Mrs Mannering.
Jack has a passion for birds, and spends most of his time observing them. His greatest dream is becoming an ornithologist and he loves Mrs Mannering very much and cares greatly about his sister Lucy-Ann. Dinah Mannering, Philips younger sister of about twelve in the beginning of the series. Like her brother, she has a tuft of hair standing up atop her head, temperamental as she is, she often finds herself the target of her brothers teasing, but otherwise she is quite level-headed, tough and grown-up for her age. Lucy-Ann Trent, Jacks little sister is the youngest of the foursome, like her brother, she has red hair, green eyes and freckles, and in several instances she is described as very pretty. Lucy-Ann is very affectionate towards the people she loves, particularly her brother Jack and she loves her adopted parents Bill and Mrs Mannering very much, is Dinahs best friend and quite fond of Philip. Kiki, Jacks female pet parrot which is described as scarlet and her most noticeable trait is her enormous repertoire of command phrases and peculiar noises, which she seems to pick up very easily.
Her commands originally came from Jack and Lucy-Anns unfriendly uncle and his caretaker, with whom they had to live until Jack. In the stories Kiki serves usually either as comic relief or as a saviour from tight situations, Bill Cunningham, An important member of an unspecified, quite possibly fictional secret service force. His most prominent bodily feature is his half-bald head and he meets the children upon their very first adventure and makes regular appearances in the series from that point on
Enid Mary Blyton was an English childrens writer whose books have been among the worlds best-sellers since the 1930s, selling more than 600 million copies. Blytons books are enormously popular, and have been translated into almost 90 languages, her first book, Child Whispers. Her writing was unplanned and sprang largely from her unconscious mind, the sheer volume of her work and the speed with which it was produced led to rumours that Blyton employed an army of ghost writers, a charge she vigorously denied. Some libraries and schools banned her works, which the BBC had refused to broadcast from the 1930s until the 1950s because they were perceived to lack literary merit. Blyton felt she had a responsibility to provide her readers with a moral framework. In particular, through the clubs she set up or supported, she encouraged and organised them to raise funds for animal and paediatric charities. The story of Blytons life was dramatised in a BBC film entitled Enid, featuring Helena Bonham Carter in the title role, there have been several adaptations of her books for stage and television.
Enid Blyton was born on 11 August 1897 in East Dulwich, South London, Enids younger brothers and Carey, were born after the family had moved to a semi-detached villa in Beckenham, a village in Kent. A few months after her birth Enid almost died from whooping cough, but was nursed back to health by her father, whom she adored. Thomas Blyton ignited Enids interest in nature, in her autobiography she wrote that he loved flowers and birds and wild animals, Enid was devastated when he left the family shortly after her thirteenth birthday to live with another woman. Enid and her mother did not have a relationship. From 1907 to 1915 Blyton attended St Christophers School in Beckenham and she was not so keen on all the academic subjects but excelled in writing, and in 1911 she entered Arthur Mees childrens poetry competition. Mee offered to print her verses, encouraging her to produce more, Blytons mother considered her efforts at writing to be a waste of time and money, but she was encouraged to persevere by Mabel Attenborough, the aunt of a school friend.
Blytons father taught her to play the piano, which she mastered well enough for him to believe that she might follow in his sisters footsteps, Blyton considered enrolling at the Guildhall School of Music, but decided she was better suited to becoming a writer. Seckford Hall, with its allegedly haunted room and secret passageway provided inspiration for her writing, at Woodbridge Congregational Church Blyton met Ida Hunt, who taught at Ipswich High School, and suggested that she train as a teacher. By this time she had almost ceased contact with her family, in March 1916 her first poems were published in Nashs Magazine. In 1920 she moved to Southernhay in Hook Road Surbiton as nursery governess to the four sons of architect Horace Thompson and his wife Gertrude, with whom Blyton spent four happy years. Owing to a shortage of schools in the area her charges were soon joined by the children of neighbours, in 1920 Blyton relocated to Chessington, and began writing in her spare time
Childrens literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books and poems that are enjoyed by children. Modern childrens literature is classified in two different ways, genre or the age of the reader. Childrens literature can be traced to stories and songs, part of an oral tradition. The development of childrens literature, before printing was invented, is difficult to trace. Even after printing became widespread, many childrens tales were originally created for adults. Since the 15th century, a quantity of literature, often with a moral or religious message, has been aimed specifically at children. The late nineteenth and early centuries became known as the Golden Age of Childrens Literature as this period included the publication of many books acknowledged today as classics. There is no single or widely used definition of childrens literature and it can be broadly defined as anything that children read or more specifically defined as fiction, non-fiction, poetry, or drama intended for and used by children and young people.
The International Companion Encyclopedia of Childrens Literature notes that the boundaries of genre. are not fixed but blurred, sometimes, no agreement can be reached about whether a given work is best categorized as literature for adults or children. Rowlings Harry Potter series was written and marketed for young adults, the series extreme popularity led The New York Times to create a separate best-seller list for childrens books. Despite the widespread association of childrens literature with picture books, spoken narratives existed before printing, seth Lerer, in the opening of Childrens Literature, A Readers History from Aesop to Harry Potter, This book presents a history of what children have heard and read. The history I write of is a history of reception, early childrens literature consisted of spoken stories and poems that were used to educate and entertain children. It was only in the 18th century, with the development of the concept of childhood, that a genre of childrens literature began to emerge, with its own divisions, expectations.
French historian Philippe Ariès argues in his 1962 book Centuries of Childhood that the concept of childhood only emerged in recent times. He explains that children were in the past not considered as different from adults and were not given significantly different treatment. Pre-modern childrens literature, tended to be of a didactic and moralistic nature, with the purpose of conveying conduct-related, during the 17th century, the concept of childhood began to emerge in Europe. Adults saw children as separate beings, innocent and in need of protection, the English philosopher John Locke developed his theory of the tabula rasa in his 1690 An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. A corollary of this doctrine was that the mind of the child was born blank, and he suggested that picture books be created for children
The Five Find-Outers and Dog, known as The Five Find-Outers, is a series of childrens mystery books written by Enid Blyton and first published between 1943 and 1961. He is given the nickname Fatty by the children because of his initials, Frederick Algernon Trotteville, F. A. T. Being an only child, he receives generous amounts of money from his parents. His wealth causes some friction with the children, but Fatty is always willing to share his money with the group, often buying rounds of cakes, drinks. Although boastful by nature, he learns to be more modest as his bragging causes the children to become irritated. Fatty is an orator and poet, and able to create poetry ad-lib. He is apparently top of his form at his boarding school, Fatty develops an interest in ventriloquism as the series progresses. Bets in particular adores Fatty and is loyal to him. Laurence Larry Daykin – the eldest of the five and the leader of the Five Find-Outers. Larry is sometimes irritated by Fattys boasting and he is the first character to be introduced in the series, but is developed considerably less than the other main characters as the series continues.
Margaret Daisy Daykin – Larrys younger sister, creating the Five Find-Outers was Daisys idea. She is particularly good at thinking of plans and ideas and she is younger than Larry by a year and the same age as Pip and Fatty. Philip Pip Hilton – The same age as Daisy and a few years older than Bets, in The Mystery of the Hidden House the Hiltons forbid Pip and Bets from getting involved in mysteries, but the children still get involved with rather cheeky excuses. Elizabeth Bets Hilton – Pips younger sister, and the youngest of the Five Find-Outers and she adores and hero-worships Fatty and he is very fond of her – she is the only one of the group who actively encourages his boasting. Bets is only part of the gang because of Fatty, as the others dont particularly want her around, they underestimate her, as Bets proves herself to be a worthy member. She is often the first to spot vital clues, which lead to the solution of the mystery. She thought of the name Five Find-Outers and Dog, Buster – Fattys jet-black Scottish Terrier.
He thinks the world of Fatty and his favourite pastime is to nip at Mr Goons ankles and his favourite food is biscuits, spread with potted meat. Originally Larry and Daisy only let Fatty join the detective club because of Buster
Fantasy is a fiction genre set in an imaginary universe, often but not always without any locations, events, or people from the real world. Most fantasy uses magic or other elements as a main plot element, theme. Magic and magical creatures are common in many of these imaginary worlds, in popular culture, the fantasy genre is predominantly of the medievalist form. In its broadest sense, fantasy works by many writers, filmmakers. Fantasy is studied in a number of disciplines including English and other studies, cultural studies, comparative literature, history. The identifying trait of fantasy is the reliance on imagination to create narrative elements that do not have to rely on history or nature to be coherent. This differs from realistic fiction in that whereas realistic fiction has to attend to the history and natural laws of reality, an author applies his or her imagination to come up with characters and settings that are impossible in reality. Fantasy has often compared with science fiction and horror because they are the major categories of speculative fiction.
Fantasy is distinguished from science fiction by the plausibility of the narrative elements, a science fiction narrative is unlikely, though seeming possible through logical scientific and/or technological extrapolation, whereas fantasy narratives do not need to be scientifically possible. The imagined elements of fantasy do not need an explanation to be narratively functional. Authors have to rely on the suspension of disbelief, an acceptance of the unbelievable or impossible for the sake of enjoyment. Despite both genres heavy reliance on the supernatural and horror are distinguishable, horror primarily evokes fear through the protagonists weaknesses or inability to deal with the antagonists. Beginning perhaps with the earliest written documents and other elements that would come to define fantasy. MacDonald was an influence on both J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis. The other major fantasy author of this era was William Morris, lord Dunsany established the genres popularity in both the novel and the short story form.
Many popular mainstream authors began to write fantasy at this time, including H. Rider Haggard, Rudyard Kipling and Edgar Rice Burroughs. Indeed, juvenile fantasy was considered more acceptable than fantasy intended for adults, nathaniel Hawthorne wrote fantasy in A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys, intended for children, though works for adults only verged on fantasy. Political and social trends can affect a societys reception towards fantasy, in the early 20th century, the New Culture Movements enthusiasm for Westernization and science in China compelled them to condemn the fantastical shenmo genre of traditional Chinese literature
Noddy is a fictional character created by English childrens author Enid Blyton, originally published between 1949 and 1963. Television shows based on the character have run on British television since 1955, Noddy is a little wooden puppet, who is a boy, who lives in his own little House-for-One in Toyland. The first book explains Noddys origins and he was made by a woodcarver in a toy store but ran away after the man began to make a wooden lion, which scared Noddy. As he wanders through the woods, with no clothes, money or home, he meets Big Ears, Big Ears decides that Noddy is a toy and takes him to live in Toyland. He generously provides Noddy with a set of clothing and a house, while Noddy is quite happy to be a toy, the citizens of Toyland are not sure that he actually is one. They put Noddy on trial and examine whether he is a toy or an ornament, Noddy is declared a toy, but still has to convince the court that he is a good toy. The judge accepts that Noddy is good after a doll tells the court that he saved her little girl from a lion, Noddy gets his car in the second book.
It is given to him after he helps solve a local mystery, as a self-employed taxi driver, Noddy loves driving his friends around Toyland in his little red and yellow taxi. The other toys can hear him coming by the distinctive Parp, Parp sound of his taxis horn, often he uses his car to visit all of the places in Toyland. When his taxi business is not doing so well, or when he needs help, Big Ears will often lend him what he needs. On occasion, Noddy will allow people to make his head nod, in exchange for small items, Noddys constant companion and household pet is the exuberant Bumpy Dog. Bumpy accompanies Noddy on almost all his adventures, Noddy is kind and honest, but he often gets in trouble, either through his own misunderstandings, or because someone has played a trick on him. He is very childlike in his understanding of the world and often confused as a result. For example, in the first Noddy book and Big Ears are building Noddys house for one, Noddy suggests that they build the roof first, in case it rains.
With no understanding of gravity or of the need for roof supports, as the series continues, Noddy becomes wiser but without losing his charm and lovable naivety. Noddys best friends are Big Ears, Tessie Bear, Bumpy Dog, Tessie is a gentle hearted, gold bear who often wears a bonnet with flowers and a skirt. She is very kind and very loving towards all of her friends and he loves to run up and bump people over. Noddy frequently gets annoyed with Bumpy but still likes him, whenever Noddy threatens Bumpy, Tessie gets upset, and sometimes even begins to cry
The Famous Five (novel series)
The Famous Five is the name of a series of childrens adventure novels written by English author Enid Blyton. The first book, Five on a Treasure Island, was published in 1942, the novels feature the adventures of a group of young children – Julian, Dick and Georgina – and their dog Timmy. The stories take place in the school holidays after they have returned from their respective boarding schools. Each time they meet they get caught up in an adventure, sometimes the scene is set close to Georges family home at Kirrin Cottage in Dorset, such as the picturesque Kirrin Island, owned by George and her family in Kirrin Bay. Georges own home and various other houses the children visit or stay in are hundreds of years old, in some books the children go camping in the countryside, on a hike or holiday together elsewhere. By the end of 1953 more than six million copies had been sold, more than two million copies of the books are sold each year, making them one of the biggest-selling series for children ever written, with sales totalling over a hundred million.
All the novels have been adapted for television, and several have been adapted as films in various countries, Blytons publisher, Hodder & Stoughton, first used the term The Famous Five in 1951, after nine books in the series had been published. Before this, the series was referred to as The Fives Books, Julian Julian is the eldest of the five, cousin to George and elder brother to Dick and Anne. He is tall and intelligent as well as caring and his cleverness and reliability are often noted by Aunt Fanny. He is the leader of the group and is protective towards Anne. At the start of the series, Julian is 12 years old, Dick Dick has a cheeky sense of humour, but is dependable and kind in nature. He is the age as his cousin George, a year younger than his brother Julian. Though inclined to tease his sister at times, Dick is, like Julian, very caring towards Anne and he had a heroic role in Five on a Treasure Island. He uses his wits and saves the five in many adventures, George Georgina is a tomboy, demanding that people call her George, and she cuts her hair very short and dresses like a boy.
She is headstrong and courageous by nature and, like her father, scientist Quentin Kirrin, has a hot, Blyton eventually revealed that the character was based on herself. George has a dog named Timothy who would do anything for her. She often gets cross when anyone calls her by her name or makes fun of Timmy. In Five Get into a Fix, the old woman Mrs Jones mistakes her for a boy, even though Julian had said to her that she was a girl and she sometimes takes this to the point of asking that her name be prefixed with Master instead of Miss
Mary Mouse is a fictional character imagined by Enid Blyton, a prolific British childrens author, in the mid 20th century. Mary Mouse is a mouse exiled from her mousehole who becomes a maid at the dolls house, the original publications were in an unusual format. Loved mainly by girls, this characters memory has lived on, the original books are highly collectable, perhaps because few remain in reasonable condition. The books were popular in Blytons days and eventually sold in a million copies
The Faraway Tree
The Faraway Tree is a series of popular novels for children by British author Enid Blyton. The titles in the series are The Enchanted Wood, The Magic Faraway Tree, The Folk of the Faraway Tree, the stories take place in an enchanted forest in which a gigantic magical tree grows – the eponymous Faraway Tree. The tree is so tall that its topmost branches reach into the clouds, the forest and the tree are discovered by three children named Joe and Frannie, who move into a house nearby. It is that they embark on adventures to the top of the tree, the first title of the main trilogy, The Enchanted Wood, was published in 1939, although the Faraway Tree and Moon-Face had already made a brief appearance in 1936 in The Yellow Fairy Book. A picture-strip book, Up the Faraway Tree, was published in 1951, over the years, the Faraway Tree stories have been illustrated by various artists including Dorothy Wheeler, Rene Cloke and Anne Grahame Johnstone, and Georgina Hargreaves. In the first novel in the series, Jo, One day, they go for a walk in the wood and discover an enormous tree whose branches seem to reach into the clouds.
They befriend some of these creatures, in particular Moon-face and Silky, at the very top of the tree they discover a ladder which leads them to a magical land. This land is different on each visit, because each place moves on from the top of the tree to make way for a new land. The children are free to come and go, but they must leave before the moves on. In various chapters, one of the children stuck in the land. The first land the three children visit is the Roundabout Land, where they give some cake to two rabbits, and the rabbits dig a hole for themselves and the three children. The last land they visit in this book is the Land of Birthdays, where the brownies, the cousin of Jo, Bessie and Fanny comes to stay, and he joins the secret adventures in the lands of the Faraway Tree. Dick is not interested at first but on he becomes interested, Connie, a mischievous girl, comes to enjoy a few days with the children while her mother, Lizzie, is sick. At first Connie refuses to believe in the Faraway Tree or the folk who live in it, even when the Angry Pixie throws ink at her.
Jo, Bessie and Fanny take her to the lands at the top of the tree, the Saucepan Mans mother decides to live in the tree, leaving her job as a baker in Dame Slaps land. She sets up a cake shop in the tree. Jo, Bessie and Fanny are joined by Robin and Joy, along come more exciting adventures in the various types of lands at the top of the Tree. All the children are captured by the devious and sinister Enchanter Red-Cloak, they have exciting times in the Land of Wishes, the main characters are Jo, Bessie and Fanny, three siblings