The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Regarded to be one of the greatest films in cinema history, it is the most commercially successful adaptation of L. Frank Baum's 1900 children's fantasy novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Directed by Victor Fleming, the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr. Characterized by its use of Technicolor, fantasy storytelling, musical score, memorable characters, the film has become an American pop culture icon, it was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but lost to Gone with the Wind directed by Fleming. It did win in two other categories: Best Original Song for "Over the Rainbow" and Best Original Score by Herbert Stothart. While the film was considered a critical success upon release in August 1939, it failed to make a profit for MGM until the 1949 re-release, earning only $3,017,000 on a $2,777,000 budget, not including promotional costs, which made it MGM's most expensive production at that time.
The 1956 television broadcast premiere of the film on the CBS network reintroduced the film to the public. It was among the first 25 films that inaugurated the National Film Registry list in 1989, it is one of the few films on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. The film is among the top ten in the BFI list of 50 films to be seen by the age of 14; the Wizard of Oz is the source of many quotes referenced in contemporary popular culture. Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, Edgar Allan Woolf received credit for the screenplay, but others made uncredited contributions; the songs were written by Harold Arlen. The musical score and the incidental music were composed by Stothart. Dorothy Gale lives with her dog Toto on a Kansas farm belonging to her Aunt Uncle Henry. One day, Toto bites neighbor Miss Almira Gulch on the leg, leading her to obtain an order from the sheriff to euthanize him. In spite of Dorothy's pleas and Aunt Em's resistance, Miss Gulch takes Toto away in a basket, but Toto escapes and returns to Dorothy.
Not far from the farm, she meets Professor Marvel, a kind fortune teller who uses his crystal ball to make Dorothy believe that Aunt Em may be dying of a broken heart. Horrified, Dorothy rushes home as a storm approaches. Unable to be heard begging for entry, Dorothy seeks shelter in her bedroom; the window hits Dorothy on the head, knocking her unconscious. The house is sent spinning into the air, she awakens to see various figures fly by, including Miss Gulch on her bicycle, who transforms into a witch on a broomstick; the house lands in Munchkinland in the Land of Oz. Glinda the Good Witch of the North and the Munchkins welcome her as a heroine, as the falling house has killed the Wicked Witch of the East, her sister, the Wicked Witch of the West, arrives to claim her ruby slippers, but Glinda transfers them onto Dorothy's feet first. Enraged, the Wicked Witch of the West vanishes. Glinda tells Dorothy to keep the slippers on and follow the yellow brick road to the Emerald City, where she can ask the Wizard of Oz to help her return home.
On her journey, Dorothy meets the Scarecrow, who wants a brain, the Tin Woodman, who desires a heart, the Cowardly Lion, who needs courage. Dorothy invites them to accompany her to Emerald City, where they can ask the Wizard for help. Despite the Witch's attempts to stop them, they reach the Emerald City and are allowed to see the Wizard, who appears as a ghostly head surrounded by fire and smoke, he agrees to grant their wishes. As the foursome and Toto make their way to the Witch's castle, the Witch captures Dorothy and plots to kill her and retrieve the slippers. Toto leads her three friends to the castle, they don their uniforms and free Dorothy. The Witch and her guards surround them; the Witch sets fire to the Scarecrow, causing Dorothy to toss a bucket of water, inadvertently splashing the Witch, who melts away. Upon their return to the Emerald City, the Wizard stalls in fulfilling his promises until Toto pulls back a curtain and exposes the "Wizard" as a middle-aged man operating machinery and speaking into a microphone.
Admitting to being a humbug, he insists that he is "a good man but a bad wizard." The Wizard gives the Scarecrow a diploma, the Lion a medal and the Tin Man a ticking heart-shaped watch, helping them see that the attributes they sought were within them. He offers to take Dorothy and Toto home in his hot air balloon, revealing that he is from Kansas and was a carnival worker before a tornado brought him to the Emerald City, whereupon he accepted the job as Wizard due to hard times; as Dorothy and the Wizard prepare to depart, Toto becomes distracted by a cat and leaps from Dorothy's arms. As Dorothy pursues Toto, the balloon disembarks with the Wizard. Glinda tells Dorothy that the ruby slippers have the power to return her to Kansas. After sharing a tearful farewell with Scarecrow, Tin Man, Lion, Dorothy follows Glinda's instructions: she must close her eyes, tap her heels together three times, state "There's no place like home." Dorothy complies and she wakes up in her bedroom surrounde
Cherry Bomb is the third extended play by NCT 127, the Seoul-based sub-unit of the South Korean boy group NCT. It was distributed by Genie Music; the EP includes a total of seven tracks. The EP was a commercial success peaking at number two on the Gaon Album Chart, it has sold over 127,642 physical copies as of December 2017. On May 25, SM Entertainment confirmed NCT 127's comeback in June and stated that the group filmed the music video for their comeback in Gyeonggi Province. On June 5, at midnight, NCT 127's first teaser image of their comeback was released; the image features. On the same day, the agency revealed that the EP is titled "Cherry Bomb" and is set to be released on June 14 at 18:00. From June 7 to June 9, teaser images of individual members were released. A group image was released on June 10; the group released cartoon characters video on their official Instagram page special message from the members. Subsequently, teaser clips was unveiled; the track-list was unveiled on June 11, along with a special clip of "Cherry Bomb".
The EP was released on June 14. The music video for "Cherry Bomb" achieved more than three million views in 24 hours; the album's illustrations were drawn by Bang Sang-ho. "Cherry Bomb" was released as the title track in conjunction with the EP on June 14. It was produced by Dem Jointz and Yoo Young-jin; the single was described as a "complex synth and bass-infused" track with colorful compositions that meet the members' unique rap and powerful performance. The song samples the lyrics from the popular American children's song "If You're Happy and You Know It"; the choreography of "Cherry Bomb" is by Tony Testa who choreographed NCT 127's previous single "Fire Truck". The song's "Performance Version", which has an added future bass section, is an alternate version of the song used in the group's performances as well as in the music video; the song entered at number 37 on the Gaon Digital Chart on the chart issue dated June 11–17, 2017, with 39,006 downloads sold. "Cherry Bomb" was deemed "unfit for broadcast" by KBS due to mentions of violence in their lyrics, gory descriptions, more, thus the group did not perform the song on Music Bank.
NCT 127 kickstarted their promotions with a showcase, held on June 14. There were no entrance fees charged for the showcase, as it marked the group’s first showcase since its debut; the group promoted on South Korean music shows starting from June 15 where they performed "Cherry Bomb" and "0 Mile" on M Countdown. Cherry Bomb's pre-orders reached 101,444 copies, exceeding NCT 127's previous EPs NCT #127 and Limitless. Cherry Bomb debuted at number two on the Gaon Album Chart and Billboard's US World Albums, debuted at number 21 on Billboard's Top Heatseekers Albums, number 22 on the Oricon Albums Chart; the EP entered at number two on the Gaon Album Chart for the month of June 2017, with 105,877 physical copies sold. Fuse TV introduced NCT 127's "Cherry Bomb" describing it as edgy and explosive, described the song as the most sophisticated track by the group so far; the lead single, "Cherry Bomb" was chosen by Billboard and Idolator as one of the best K-pop songs of 2017. "Cherry Bomb" music video
Andrew Luis "Dru" Castro is a Grammy Award-winning recording engineer and songwriter in Atlanta, Georgia. He has produced or engineered songs for artists such as Ciara, Keyshia Cole, Usher, R. Kelly, T-Pain, Jamie Foxx and India. Arie. Castro produced and wrote songs with the Grammy award winning singer/songwriter India. Arie on her released album Testimony: Vol. 2, Love & Politics. Her 2006 album, Testimony: Vol. 1, Life & Relationship, for which Castro recorded and/or produced seven songs and peaked at number one on the Billboard 200 and the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums and was nominated for three Grammy Awards, including "Best R&B Album". To date Castro has worked on 12 Grammy nominated projects See Below. In 2010 Castro won a Grammy with India. Arie as a Producer/Engineer for Best Urban Alternative Performance on the song "Pearls". Castro was raised in the West Palm Beach, Florida, his father and mother, who are both of Puerto Rican descent, were born in Manhattan. From an early age Castro grew up in a musical home, where his father played piano and was the musical director of a local church.
This musical influence lead Castro to start playing piano at age 5. Castro was sent to study at Suncoast Community High School, a magnet school in Riviera Beach, Florida. While there, he was active in the Jazz and Marching bands. Castro moved to Atlanta in 1999, where he began engineering full-time in the booming Atlanta R&B and Hip-Hop music scene. Tricky Stewart, Bryan Michael Cox, Anthony Dent, Polow Da Don, Sean Garrett were among the first to offer Castro a break into the recording business. Castro has recorded, amongst others, Keyshia Cole, Ciara, T-Pain, Jamie Foxx, India. Arie, Raven-Symoné, Kelly Rowland, Stacie Orrico, Keri Hilson. Castro has worked on 12 Grammy nominated albums See Below. From 2006-2013, Castro owned and operated Music House Studios with fellow engineer and friend Alec Newell; the opening of "The Music House" was the fulfillment of a lifelong dream. Many artists including Usher, Brandi, India. Arie, Keyshia cole, Yo Gotti, Rico Love, New Kids on the Block and Nelly had worked at the state of the art recording facility in North Atlanta.
Beginning production work in 2003, his first major release as a producer came in June 2006 on the US #1 Debut Album Testimony: Vol. 1, Life & Relationship for India. Arie, he produced and co-wrote the upbeat "I Choose" and a more reflective "This Too Shall Pass". This was followed in July 2008 with the production of the single entitled "Radio" on Musiq Soulchild's fifth album release "On my Radio". In February 2009 India. Arie's Testimony: Vol. 2, Love & Politics was released. Castro recorded 12 songs with India. Arie, including the singles "Chocolate High" and "Therapy". Castro continues to produce and record in Atlanta