Buffalo Theatre District
The Buffalo Theatre District in downtown Buffalo, New York, United States, is the center of Buffalo's theater scene and draws Broadway shows that are in preview stage or on tour. It is bounded by Washington, Tupper and Chippewa Streets; the impetus for saving and revitalizing the district came from a 1978 plan sponsored by Jimmy Griffin, Mayor of Buffalo. The co-directors of the master plan were Harold Cohen, Dean of the SUNY Buffalo School of Architecture, David Parry and Professor of the Urban Design Studio. A crash program was needed because of the threat of wholesale demolition. There were over 50 theaters in the district in the early 20th C. when the city was called the "Gateway to the West", served by railroads and the new Erie Canal. In the 1950s, growth reversed into a decline. By 1978 the district was over 65% vacant; the plan called for the City to take ownership of most buildings thru tax foreclosure restore facades, manage the district via a new nonprofit corporation.. From 1980 to 2004, in accordance with the area's land development terms, 25% of the net profit from the district was returned to the city by the nonprofit corporation.
The district received about $60 million from government to finance development. A film explaining the 1978 planning process, titled "The Revitalization of Buffalo's Historic Theater Distrct", can be seen on YouTube; the district contains a number of theaters, including: Alleyway Theatre Buffalo United Artists Irish Classical Theatre Company Road Less Traveled Theatre Shea's Performing Arts Center 710 Main Street Theatre Boston Theater District Cleveland Theater District Houston Theater District Broadway Theater District Theater District, New York Development Potential, Theater District, New York, Research Department, Rouse Company Buffalo Theater District: Design Criteria, American City Corporation for the Upper Main Street Development Corporation
Allen/Medical Campus station
Allen/Medical Campus is a Buffalo Metro Rail station located at the corner of Main and Allen Streets at the northern end of Buffalo, New York's downtown and is the last underground station to the south requiring payment before entering the Free Fare Zone. The station was temporarily closed in 2015 to incorporate a new building at the University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences into the station's aboveground entrances. Allen/Medical Campus station is one of four stations that does not offer an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops. Route 7 buses heading downtown and route 8 buses heading toward Marine Drive do not board at the curb at the same side as the station, served by six bus routes: NFTA 7 Baynes-Richmond 8 Main 29 Wohlers 64 Lockport 66 Williamsville 67 Cleveland Hill University at Buffalo shuttles Blue Line - serves as a shuttle van to University at Buffalo-affiliated locations of the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus from the University at Buffalo-South Campus.
In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line. Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. Allen/Medical Campus station is home of four pieces of work, from Scott Burton. Richard Friedberg's offers an objective sculpture made of steel, it is polychromed with durable paint and high gloss coloration. It is located on a wall over the escalator between the mezzanine and the level between the mezzanine and train platforms. Charles Clough offers riders a large photographic mural based on the work of Charles Burchfield, Buffalo's most famous painter; the Latin Gallery group offers riders a wall located along a sidewalk at the south end of the station in bright colors, containing selected excerpts from chosen poetry. The work is on colored enamel fused to copper tile.
Though subtle, Scott Burton offers riders a pair of bronze benches located in the middle of the mezzanine near the ticket vending machines. The two benches pay tribute to the American Arts and Crafts Movement; the benches represent downtown directions to the station. Each of the benches are invite participation, by passengers sitting in them. Allen/Medical Campus station is located near: Allentown Anchor Bar Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute Since Allen/Medical Campus station serves as a terminal south is a double crossover. During the weekends of August 9–10, 2013 and July 18–20, 2014, due to construction of the 600 and 500 blocks of Main Street to include vehicular traffic, Allen/Medical Campus station temporarily served as the southern terminus; as a result, NFTA-Metro offered shuttle buses to accommodate passengers between this station and Erie Canal Harbor station, with each shuttle running every 15 minutes. From February 16-March 16, 2015, April 20-May 18, 2015, June 6–7, 2015, June 13–14, 2015, June 26–27, 2015, August 22–23, 2015, September 8–25, 2015 and July 5, 2016, due to construction of the new University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Allen/Medical Campus station was temporarily closed.
Passengers who wanted to access the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to deboard the train at Summer-Best station, as it temporarily served as the southern terminus of the paid fare zone. As a result, NFTA-Metro offered shuttle buses to accommodate passengers to the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus, with each shuttle running every 10 minutes. From July 6-October 10, 2016, passengers with mobility devices who use Allen/Medical Campus station to access the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to exit at Summer-Best station and board the #8 Main bus, as the Mezzanine-to-Street Level elevator was being replaced. From September 24-October 9, 2016, due to construction of the new University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Allen/Medical Campus station was temporarily closed. Passengers who wanted to access the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus were instructed to deboard the train at Summer-Best station, as it temporarily served as the southern terminus of the paid fare zone.
As a result, NFTA-Metro offered shuttle buses to accommodate passengers to the Buffalo-Niagara Medical Campus, with each shuttle running every 12 minutes. List of Buffalo Metro Rail stations
Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority
The Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority is a New York State public-benefit corporation responsible for the public transportation oversight of Erie and Niagara counties in the state of New York. The NFTA, as an authority, oversees a number of subsidiaries, including the NFTA Metro bus and rail system, the Buffalo-Niagara International Airport, the Niagara Falls International Airport and NFTA Small Boat Harbor; the NFTA Metro bus and rail system is a multi-modal agency, utilizing various vehicle modes, using the brand names: NFTA Metro Bus, NFTA Metro Rail, NFTA Metrolink and NFTA PAL. In addition, the NFTA owns and manages a number of properties, including the Buffalo Metropolitan Transportation Center in Downtown Buffalo. Of note, many of the bus loops have been in continuous operation since the days of the International Railway Company, a predecessor to the NFTA. Agency-wide, the NFTA employs 1,500 part-time employees. There are three business centers that operate as the NFTA organization: Surface Transportation, which handles ground transportation throughout Erie and Niagara counties, which handles air related business at the Buffalo-Niagara International Airport and Niagara Falls International Airport and Property Risk/Management, which operates the NFTA-Boat Harbor and handles other properties that are owned and/or operated by the NFTA.
Before the creation of the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, the first bus operations in Buffalo dates back to 1923 under the private operator International Bus Company. The International Railway Company operated the vast network of streetcar routes in Erie and Niagara counties. In 1947, the proposed Niagara Frontier Rapid Transit Commission received ownership of the International Railway Company, gave way to the creation of the Niagara Frontier Transit System, Incorporated in 1950; the Niagara Frontier Transit System was replaced by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority Corp. in 1967, as part of New York State's efforts in the late 1960s and early 1970s at creating public agencies that would oversee the development and continuation of public transportation in a number of key urban areas of the state. In 1974, the NFTA purchased the street transportation rights from a number of other agencies, starting with the Niagara Falls Municipal Transit System on September 8, 1974, D&F Transit on September 15, T-NT Transit on October 7, Lockport Bus Lines on March 15, 1975 and Grand Island Transit on April 20, 1975.
Administrative offices and buses were housed in the former Niagara Frontier Transit Buildings at 855 Main Street until 1977. The NFTA's operations are overseen by a 12-member Board of Commissioners that the Executive Director reports to; the members are nominated by the Governor of the State of New York, with two chosen by the Erie County Executive. Most appointments are for five year terms, but some commissioners have been appointed part-way into a term, replacing a previous commissioner; the current executive director is Kimberley A. Minkel, who served as the Director of Health and Environmental Quality. Minkel will carry the recognition as the NFTA's first female executive director. In 2017, the NFTA had operating expenses of $253.57 million, an outstanding debt of $133.57 million, a staffing level of 1,714 people. NFTA's Metro system serves the urbanized areas of Erie and Niagara counties with service throughout the day and selected suburban and rural areas of Erie and Niagara counties; the cities receiving service include Buffalo, Niagara Falls, Lackawanna and North Tonawanda.
Service to less populated areas during prime ridership hours extend to Alden, Boston, Grand Island, Lancaster, Evans, Orchard Park, East Aurora and West Seneca in Erie County. The NFTA inherited a large number of General Motors New Look buses from the private carriers that were absorbed into the agency. In addition, a small fleet of Highway Products' Twin Coaches and Mack buses that were nearing the end of their life span were added to the fleet; the first major purchase of new buses by the NFTA began in 1975 with AM General's "Metropolitan" series buses. These buses were withdrawn from service in 1987 due to severe structural issues. To address this immediate shortage of buses, the NFTA purchased a number of mothballed GMC buses from the Dallas Area Rapid Transit system, Flxible buses from Rochester's Regional Transit Service and General Motors New Looks from Broome County Transit of Binghamton; this temporary arrangement filled most of the gap left by the removal of the AM General buses. The next major purchase of new buses came in their RTS-II Series.
These buses were purchased between 1978 and 1983. As mentioned earlier, in 1987, due to the premature retirement of the AM General buses, the NFTA purchased a number of used, earlier series RTS series buses from Dallas' DART system; these buses provided comfortable padded seats not seen on standard NFTA transit coaches. These bus
LaSalle station (Buffalo Metro Rail)
LaSalle is a Buffalo Metro Rail underground station located at the corner of Main Street and LaSalle Avenue and is one stop from the northern terminus. Original drafting plans had the station used as a turnout between the current Metro Rail line and three proposed extensions; the only visible sign of the turnout is located below ground by way of finished tunnel just west of the LaSalle station platforms. From May 20, 1985 to November 10, 1986, due to construction issues at LaSalle station, Amherst Street station served as the northern terminus. Since November 10, 1986, University station serves as the northern terminus. LaSalle station is one of four stations that offers an off-road bus loop, requiring passengers to board/debark using curbside stops and one of only two that has only one route serving the station: 8 Main In 1979, an art selection committee was created, composed of NFTA commissioners and Buffalo area art experts, that would judge the artwork that would be displayed in and on the properties of eight stations on the Metro Rail line.
Out of the 70 proposals submitted, 22 were chosen and are positioned inside and outside of the eight underground stations. LaSalle station is home of one piece of artwork, from Richard Gubernick of Buffalo. LaSalle Station is near: All-High Stadium Bennett High School Shoshone Park University Heights District A video tour of LaSalle station Metro Rail Success Entrance from Google Maps Street View
Trinity Episcopal Church (Buffalo, New York)
Trinity Episcopal Church is a historic Episcopal church complex located at Buffalo in Erie County, New York. The oldest part of the complex was built in 1869 as the Gothic Revival style Christ Chapel; the main church was constructed in 1884-1886 in the Victorian Gothic style and features stained glass windows designed by John LaFarge and Tiffany studios. The parish house, designed by Cram, Goodhue & Ferguson, was constructed in 1905, it was listed on the National Register Of Historic Places in 2008. Trinity Episcopal Church and Christ Chapel, Buffalo as an Architectural Museum website Trinity Episcopal Church, Buffalo, NY: News, Sermons and Information
Buffalo, New York
Buffalo is the second largest city in the U. S. state of New York and the largest city in Western New York. As of 2017, the population was 258,612; the city is the county seat of Erie County and a major gateway for commerce and travel across the Canada–United States border, forming part of the bi-national Buffalo Niagara Region. The Buffalo area was inhabited before the 17th century by the Native American Iroquois tribe and by French settlers; the city grew in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation, its close proximity to Lake Erie. This growth provided an abundance of fresh water and an ample trade route to the Midwestern United States while grooming its economy for the grain and automobile industries that dominated the city's economy in the 20th century. Since the city's economy relied on manufacturing, deindustrialization in the latter half of the 20th century led to a steady decline in population. While some manufacturing activity remains, Buffalo's economy has transitioned to service industries with a greater emphasis on healthcare and higher education, which emerged following the Great Recession.
Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls. Its early embrace of electric power led to the nickname "The City of Light"; the city is famous for its urban planning and layout by Joseph Ellicott, an extensive system of parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, as well as significant architectural works. Its culture blends Northeastern and Midwestern traditions, with annual festivals including Taste of Buffalo and Allentown Art Festival, two professional sports teams, a music and arts scene; the city of Buffalo received its name from a nearby creek called Buffalo Creek. British military engineer Captain John Montresor made reference to "Buffalo Creek" in his 1764 journal, which may be the earliest recorded appearance of the name. There are several theories regarding. While it is possible its name originated from French fur traders and Native Americans calling the creek Beau Fleuve, it is possible Buffalo Creek was named after the American buffalo, whose historical range may have extended into western New York.
The first inhabitants of the State of New York are believed to have been nomadic Paleo-Indians, who migrated after the disappearance of Pleistocene glaciers during or before 7000 BCE. Around 1000 CE, 1,000 years ago, the Woodland period began, marked by the rise of the Iroquois Confederacy and its tribes throughout the state. During French exploration of the region in 1620, the region was occupied by the agrarian Erie people, a tribe outside of the Five Nations of the Iroquois southwest of Buffalo Creek, the Wenro people or Wenrohronon, an Iroquoian-speaking tribal offshoot of the large Neutral Nation who lived along the inland south shore of Lake Ontario and at the east end of Lake Erie and a bit of its northern shore. For trading, the Neutral people made a living by growing tobacco and hemp to trade with the Iroquois, utilizing animal paths or warpaths to travel and move goods across the state; these paths were paved, now function as major roads. During the Beaver Wars of the 1640s-1650s, the combined warriors of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy conquered the populous Neutrals and their peninsular territory, while the Senecas alone took out the Wenro and their territory, c.
1651–1653. Soon after, the Erie nation and territory was destroyed by the Iroquois over their assistance to Huron people during the Beaver Wars, it was Louis Hennepin and Sieur de La Salle who made the earliest European discoveries of the upper Niagara and Ontario regions in the late 1600s. On August 7, 1679, La Salle launched a vessel, Le Griffon, that became the first full-sized ship to sail across the Great Lakes disappearing in Green Bay, Wisconsin. After the American Revolution, the colony of New York—now a state—began westward expansion, looking for habitable land by following trends of the Iroquois. Land near fresh water was of considerable importance. New York and Massachusetts were fighting for the territory Buffalo lies on, Massachusetts had the right to purchase all but a one-mile wide portion of land; the rights to the Massachusetts' territories were sold to Robert Morris in 1791, two years to the Holland Land Company. As a result of the war, in which the Iroquois tribe sided with the British Army, Iroquois territory was whittled away in the mid-to-late-1700s by white settlers through successive treaties statewide, such as the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the First Treaty of Buffalo Creek, the Treaty of Geneseo.
The Iroquois were corralled onto reservations, including Buffalo Creek. By the end of the 18th century, only 338 square miles of reservation territory remained. Early settlers along the mouth of Buffalo Creek were former slave Joseph "Black Joe" Hodges, Cornelius Winney, a Dutch trader from Albany who arrived in 1789; the first white settlers along the creek were prisoners captured during the Revolutionary War. The first resident and landowner of Buffalo with a permanent presence was Captain William Johnston, a white Iroquois interpreter, present in the area since the days after the Revolutionary War and was granted creekside land by the Senecas as a gift of appreciation, his house was built at present-day Seneca streets. On July 20, 1793, the Holland Land Purchase was completed, containing the land of present-day Buffalo, brokered by Dutch investors from Holland; the Treaty of Big Tree removed Iroquois title to lan
Special Events station
Special Events is the southernmost station in the Buffalo Metro Rail system located at the corner of Main and Perry Streets in the Free Fare Zone, which allows passengers free travel between Erie Canal Harbor station and Fountain Plaza station. Passengers continuing northbound past Fountain Plaza are required to have proof-of-payment. Special Events station is located next to the KeyBank Center, which it serves before and after an event. If there is no event at KeyBank Center, Erie Canal Harbor station serves as the southern terminus; the tracks continue to the NFTA Rail Maintenance Yard. KeyBank Center Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park HarborCenter NFTA Rail Maintenance Yard List of Buffalo Metro Rail stations Station form Google Maps Street View