Edessa Province was one of the three provinces of Pella Prefecture of Greece. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Skydra, it was abolished in 2006
Thessaloniki Province was one of the two provinces of Thessaloniki Prefecture of Greece. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Ampelokipoi-Menemeni, Delta, Kordelio-Evosmos, Neapoli-Sykies, Pavlos Melas, Pylaia-Chortiatis, Thermaikos and Thessaloniki, it was abolished in 2006
Kilkis (regional unit)
Kilkis is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Macedonia, its capital is the city of Kilkis. The geography of the regional unit of Kilkis is characterized by the wide and flat Axios river valley in the westcentral part, mountain ranges on its western and northeastern edges; the mountain range in the west, on the border with Pella regional unit, is Mount Paiko. In the north, the Kerkini range straddles the border with North Macedonia. At 1,874 m or 6,148 ft the highest peak in Kilkis regional unit is located here; the border with Serres regional unit to the northeast is formed by the lower Kroussia range. Lake Doirani is situated in the north, shared with North Macedonia. Kilkis borders the Thessaloniki regional unit to the south; the climate of the Kilkis regional unit is humid continental in the north, humid subtropical in the lower regions. The area of the modern regional unit was part of the Kingdom of Macedonia from the 8th century BC until the Third Macedonian War, when it became a part of the Roman Empire.
At the division of the Roman Empire in 395 AD, the area joined the eastern part known as the Byzantine Empire. Between the 7th century and the 11th century, it changed hands between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire repeatedly. In the 13th and 14th century Western Europeans and Serbs ruled the area; the Ottoman Empire conquered the area in 1371, ruled it until the First Balkan War of 1912. In the Second Balkan War of 1913, the Greek army captured the area, it absorbed many of the Greeks from Northern Macedonia from Gevgeli, Vogdantsa and Stromnitsa. In the aftermath of the Balkan Wars, World War I and the Greco-Turkish War most of the Turkish and Bulgarian population of Kilkis emigrated, many Greeks from Bulgaria and Turkey settled in the area, as prescribed by the Treaty of Lausanne. In fact, a large segment of the population of Kilkis regional unit are in origin Caucasus Greeks from the former Russian Imperial province of Kars Oblast in the South Caucasus, they left their homeland in the South Caucasus for Kilkis and other parts of Greek Macedonia, as well as southern Russia and Georgia, between 1919 and 1921, that is, between the main Greece-Turkey population exchange and Russia's cession of the Kars region back to Turkey as part of the Treaty of Brest Litovsk.
Until 1939, when created into a separate prefecture, the area was part of the Thessaloniki Prefecture. At the 2011 Kallikratis reform, the Kilkis Prefecture became a regional unit. Archaeological Museum of Kilkis Saint George's Cave in Kilkis Folklore Museum of Goumenissa Giapatzis' Medieval Watermill in Goumenissa Natural History Museum in Axioupoli Kilkis War Museum World War I museum in Skra, dedicated to the Battle of Skra-di-Legen Galazia limni with waterfalls, near Koupa Metalliou lake, near Pigi, Kilkis The picturesque villages of Paiko with Macedonian architecture, Griva and Karpi"Thermal Mud Therapy Spa Centre" of Pikrolimni lake, near Xylokeratia The mountainous massif of Kroussia The mountainous massif of Paiko The mountainous massif of Kerkini Chilia Dentra in Mouries, a perennial forest of oaks and ash trees beside Doirani lake Doirani village, with fish taverns near lakeshore The archaeological site of ancient Ioron near Palatiano The archaeological site of Evropos The Monastery of Saints Rafael and Irene, near Griva The Monastery of Nicodemus the Hagiorite, near Pentalofos The Motorway 1 runs through the regional unit from north to south.
Two railways pass through the regional unit: from Thessaloniki to Skopje via Polykastro and Idomeni, from Thessaloniki to Sofia and Alexandroupoli via Kilkis and Mouries. The regional unit Kilkis is subdivided into 2 municipalities; these are: Paionia Kilkis As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the former Kilkis Prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the Central Macedonia region, without any change in boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Province of Kilkis Province of Peοnia - GoumenissaNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. List of settlements in the Kilkis regional unit Municipality of Kilkis Prefecture of Kilkis History of the Greek Army at the Battle of Kilkis
Dorida is a municipality in the Phocis regional unit, Central Greece, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Lidoriki; the municipality has an area of 998.893 km2. The municipality Dorida was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Efpalio Lidoriki Tolofon Vardousia The province of Dorida was one of the provinces of Phocis, it had the same territory as the present municipality. It was abolished in 2006
Almopia, or Enotia known in the Middle Ages as Moglena, is a municipality and a former province of the Pella regional unit in Macedonia, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Aridaia; the municipality has an area of 985.817 km2. The name Almopia derives from the Almopes, a Paeonian tribe that inhabited the area during Antiquity; the Almopes traced their descent to the eponymous mythological figure of Almops, son of Poseidon and Helle. According to Thucidydes, the Almopes were expelled from the region when it was incorporated into the ancient Macedonian kingdom during the reign of Alexander I; the 2nd-century astronomer and geographer Claudius Ptolemy records three cities in the region in his Geography: Horma and Apsalos. In the early Byzantine period, the area was renamed to Enotia after a nearby fortress in the vicinity of modern Notia; the name was revived between 1927 for the Greek province as well. In the Middle Ages, the area was known as Moglena, from the Slavic word for "fog".
Until the early 11th century, Moglena was a province of the First Bulgarian Empire. Captured by the Byzantine emperor Basil II in 1015, it is attested as the seat of a bishopric in 1020, as capital of its own theme in 1086; the area remained under Byzantine rule until the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, when it was captured by Tsar Kaloyan of the Second Bulgarian Empire. Moglena was inhabited by Vlachs, they were forced to pass to Islam in the XVIIth century. In Ottoman times, the region was known by its Turkish name Karacaova or Karadjova; until the Greco-Turkish War and the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1924,Vlachs and Pomaks inhabited a large part of the regions of Moglena. The municipality Almopia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Aridaia Exaplatanos The province of Almopia was one of the three provinces of Pella Prefecture, its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality of Almopia.
It was abolished in 2006. Megleno-Romanians Pomaks Population exchange between Greece and Turkey Current locations of Almopia region
Euboea (regional unit)
Euboea is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the administrative region of Central Greece, it consists of the islands of Skyros, as well as a 395 km ² area on the Greek mainland. Its land area is 4,167.449 km², whereas the total land area of the municipalities on the island Euboea is 3,684.848 km², which includes that of numerous small offshore islets near Euboea's southern tip. The Euboea regional unit is subdivided into 8 municipalities, numbered in the picture in the infobox; these are: Chalcis Dirfys-Messapia Eretria Istiaia-Aidipsos Karystos Kymi-Aliveri Mantoudi-Limni-Agia Anna Skyros As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the former Euboea Prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the Central Greece region, without any change in boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Note: the former municipalities of Anthidona and Avlida are on the mainland, attached to the northeastern part of Boeotia.
Skyros is an island by itself. Chalkida Province - Chalkida Istiaeotis Province - Istiaia Karystiaea Province - KarystosNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece; as of the 2001 census, the prefecture had a population of 215,136 inhabitants, the island Euboea itself had a population of 198,130
Sintiki is a municipality in the Serres regional unit, Central Macedonia, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Sidirokastro; the municipality has an area of 1,103.431 km2. The municipality Sintiki was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 6 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Achladochori Agkistro Kerkini Petritsi Promachonas Sidirokastro The province of Sintiki was one of the provinces of the Serres Prefecture, its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Sintiki, a small part of the municipality Irakleia. It was abolished in 2006