Michele Marie Bachmann is an American politician and a member of the Republican Party. She represented Minnesota's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2007 to 2015; the district includes several of the northern suburbs of the Twin Cities. Bachmann was a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 2012 U. S. presidential election, winning the Ames Straw Poll in August 2011 but dropping out in January 2012 after finishing in sixth place in the Iowa caucuses. She served in the Minnesota Senate and is the first Republican woman to represent the state in Congress, she is a founder of the House Tea Party Caucus. Bachmann was born Michele Marie Amble in Waterloo, Iowa, "into a family of Norwegian Lutheran Democrats". After her parents divorced, Bachmann's father, David John Amble, moved to California, Bachmann was raised by her mother, Arlene Jean, who worked at the First National Bank in Anoka, Minnesota, her mother remarried. She graduated from Anoka High School in 1974 and, after graduation, spent one summer working on kibbutz Be'eri in Israel.
In 1978, she graduated from Winona State University with a B. A. In 1979, Bachmann was a member of the first class of the O. W. Coburn School of Law a part of Oral Roberts University. While there, Bachmann studied with John Eidsmoe, whom she described in 2011 as "one of the professors who had a great influence on me". Bachmann worked as a research assistant on Eidsmoe's 1987 book Christianity and the Constitution, which argues that the United States was founded as a Christian theocracy and should become one again. In 1986 Bachmann received a J. D. degree from Oral Roberts University. She was a member of the ORU law school's final graduating class, was part of a group of faculty and students who moved the ORU law school library to what is now Regent University. In 1988, Bachmann received an LL. M. degree in tax law from William & Mary Law School. From 1988 to 1993 she worked as an attorney for the Internal Revenue Service, she left the IRS to become a full-time mother. Michele Marie Amble was born in Waterloo, Iowa on April 6, 1956, to Norwegian-American parents David John Amble and "Arlene" Jean Amble.
One pair of her great-great-great grandparents and Martha Munson, left Sogndal in Norway and arrived in Wisconsin in 1857. She was still a young girl when her father, an engineer, moved the family to Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, she was 14 years old. Her father remarried and moved to California, young Michele and her mother Jean moved to Anoka, Minnesota, her mother remarried three years to widower Raymond J. LaFave. In 1978, she married Marcus Bachmann, now a clinical therapist with a master's degree from Regent University and a Ph. D. from Union Graduate School, whom she met while they were undergraduates. After she received an LL. M. in taxation from William & Mary School of Law in 1988, the couple moved to Stillwater, Minnesota, a town of 18,000 near Saint Paul, where they run a Christian counseling center that provided gay conversion therapy. Bachmann and her husband have five children: Lucas, Elisa and Sophia. Bachmann said in a 2011 town hall meeting that she suffered a miscarriage after the birth of their second child, Harrison, an event she said shaped her pro-life views.
Bachmann and her husband have provided foster care to 23 other children, all teenage girls. The Bachmanns were licensed from 1992 to 2000 to handle up to three foster children at a time; the Bachmanns began by providing short-term care for girls with eating disorders who were patients in a University of Minnesota program. The Bachmann home was defined as a treatment home, with a daily reimbursement rate per child from the state; some girls stayed others more than a year. She is a former beauty pageant queen. In May 2012, it was reported that Marcus Bachmann had registered for Swiss citizenship and after it was finalized, Michele Bachmann automatically became a citizen as well; the Bachmanns and their three youngest children were granted citizenship on March 19, 2012. They had been eligible for this under Swiss nationality law because Marcus Bachmann's parents were Swiss. Bachmann denied that she or her husband had applied for Swiss citizenship, saying that her husband had been a dual citizen as the son of Swiss immigrants, that she had automatically acquired Swiss citizenship under then-current Swiss law when she married him in 1978.
But in May 2012, when a Swiss Television reporter said to her "I understand you just got Swiss citizenship", Bachmann's reply was: "Yes, we did." Marcus Bachmann did not register the marriage with the Swiss authorities until 2012. Within two days of the first reports of Bachmann's dual citizenship, she announced that she had written to the Swiss consulate to have her Swiss citizenship withdrawn. Bachmann was a longtime member of Salem Lutheran Church in Stillwater, she and her husband withdrew their membership on June 21, 2011, just before she began her presidential campaign. They had not attended the church for over two years. More according to friends, the Bachmanns began attending Eagle Brook Church, an Evangelical Protestant Baptist church closer to their home. Bachmann has cited theologian Francis Schaeffer as a "profound influence" on her life and her husband's his film series How Should We Then Live?. She has described
Frankie Laine was an American singer and actor whose career nearly spanned 75 years, from his first concerts in 1930 with a marathon dance company to his final performance of "That's My Desire" in 2005. Billed as "America's Number One Song Stylist", his other nicknames include "Mr. Rhythm", "Old Leather Lungs", "Mr. Steel Tonsils", his hits included "That's My Desire", "That Lucky Old Sun", "Mule Train", "Jezebel", "High Noon", "I Believe", "Hey Joe!", "The Kid's Last Fight", "Cool Water", "Rawhide", "Lord, You Gave Me a Mountain". He sang well-known theme songs for many movie Western soundtracks, including 3:10 To Yuma, Gunfight at the O. K. Corral, Blazing Saddles, although his recordings were not charted as a country & western. Laine sang an eclectic variety of song styles and genres, stretching from big band crooning to pop, western-themed songs, rock, folk and blues, he did not sing the soundtrack song for High Noon, sung by Tex Ritter, but his own version was the one that became a bigger hit, nor did he sing the theme to another show he is associated with—Champion the Wonder Horse —but released his own, subsequently more popular, version.
Laine's enduring popularity was illustrated in June 2011, when a TV-advertised compilation called Hits reached No. 16 on the British chart. The accomplishment was achieved nearly 60 years after his debut on the UK chart, 64 years after his first major U. S. four years after his death. A clarion-voiced singer with lots of style, able to fill halls without a microphone, one of the biggest hit-makers of late 1940s/early 1950s, Laine had more than 70 charted records, 21 gold records, worldwide sales of over 100 million records. A rhythm and blues influenced jazz singer, Laine excelled at every music style expanding to such varied genres as popular standards, folk, western/Americana, rock'n' roll, the occasional novelty number, he was known as Mr. Rhythm for his driving jazzy style. Laine was the first and biggest of a new breed of singers who rose to prominence in the post–World War II era; this new, raw charged style seemed at the time to signal the end of the previous era's singing styles and was, indeed, a harbinger of the rock'n' roll music, to come.
As music historian Jonny Whiteside wrote:In the Hollywood clubs, a new breed of performers laid down a baffling hip array of new sounds…Most important of all these, was Frankie Laine, a big lad with'steel tonsils' who belted out torch blues while stomping his size twelve foot in joints like Billy Berg's, Club Hangover and the Bandbox…Laine's intense vocal style owed nothing to Crosby, Sinatra, or Dick Haymes. Instead he drew from Billy Eckstine, Big Joe Turner, Jimmy Rushing, with it Laine had sown the seeds from which an entire new perception and audience would grow…Frank Sinatra represented the highest flowering of a quarter century tradition of crooning but found himself an anachronism. First Frankie Laine Tony Bennett, now Johnnie, dubbed'the Belters' and'the Exciters,' came along with a brash vibrancy and vulgar beat that made the old bandstand routine which Frank meticulously perfected seem invalid. In the words of Jazz critic Richard Grudens: Frank's style was innovative, why he had such difficulty with early acceptance.
He would bend notes and sing about the chordal context of a note rather than to sing the note directly, he stressed each rhythmic downbeat, different from the smooth balladeer of his time. His 1946 recording of "That's My Desire" remains a landmark record signaling the end of both the dominance of the big bands and the crooning styles favored by contemporary Dick Haymes and others. Called the first of the blue-eyed soul singers, Laine's style cleared the way for many artists who arose in the late 1940s and early 1950s, including Kay Starr, Tony Bennett, Johnnie Ray. I think that Frank was one of the forerunner of…blues, of…rock'n' roll. A lot of singers who sing with a passionate demeanor—Frank was and is that. I always used to love to mimic him with'That's…my…desire.' And later Johnnie Ray came along that made all of those kind of movements, but Frank had done them. – Patti Page Throughout the 1950s, Laine enjoyed a second career singing the title songs over the opening credits of Hollywood films and television shows, including Gunfight at the O.
K. Corral, 3:10 to Yuma and Rawhide, his rendition of the title song for Mel Brooks's 1974 hit movie Blazing Saddles won an Oscar nomination for Best Song, on television, Laine's featured recording of "Rawhide" for the series of the same name became a popular theme song. You can't categorize him. He's one of those singers, and yet and still I think that his records had more life into it. And I think, his big selling point, that he was so full of energy. You know. — Herb Jeffries Frankie Laine was born Francesco Paolo LoVecchio on March 30, 1913, to Giovanni and Cresenzia LoVecchio. His parents had emigrated from Monreale, Sicily, to Chicago's Near West Side, in "Little Italy," where his father worked at one time as the per
Land of the Lost (1974 TV series)
Land of the Lost is a children's adventure television series created by David Gerrold and produced by Sid and Marty Krofft, who co-developed the series with Allan Foshko. During its original run, it was broadcast on the NBC television network, it aired in daily syndication from 1978 to 1985 as part of the "Krofft Superstars" package. In 1985, it returned to late Saturday mornings on CBS as a replacement for the canceled Pryor's Place - a Krofft production, followed by another brief return to CBS in the Summer of 1987, it was shown in reruns on the Sci Fi Channel in the 1990s. Reruns of this series were aired on Saturday mornings on Me-TV and are streamed online at any time on their website, it has since become a cult classic and is now available on DVD. Krofft Productions remade the series in 1991 titled Land of the Lost, a big budget film adaptation was released in 2009. Land of the Lost details the adventures of the Marshall family who are trapped in an alternate universe or time warp inhabited by dinosaurs, a primate-type people called Pakuni, aggressive humanoid/lizard creatures called Sleestak.
The episode storylines focus on the family's efforts to survive and find a way back to their own world, but the exploration of the exotic inhabitants of the Land of the Lost is an ongoing part of the story. An article on renewed studio interest in feature film versions of Land of the Lost and H. R. Pufnstuf commented that "decision-makers in Hollywood, some big-name stars, have personal recollections of plopping down on the family-room wall-to-wall shag sometime between 1969 and 1974 to tune in to multiple reruns of the Kroffts' Saturday morning live-action hits," and quoting Marty Krofft as saying that the head of Universal Studios, Ronald Meyer, leaders at Sony Pictures all had been fans of Krofft programs. A number of well-respected writers in the science fiction field contributed scripts to the series, including Larry Niven, Theodore Sturgeon, Ben Bova, Norman Spinrad, a number of people involved with Star Trek, such as D. C. Fontana, Walter Koenig, David Gerrold. Gerrold and Fontana contributed commentaries to the DVD of the first season.
The prolific Krofft team was influential in live-action children's television, producing many shows that were oddly formatted energetic, made frequent use of special effects, with most of them following a "stranger in a strange land" storyline. Most of these shows were comedic in nature, but Land of the Lost was more serious during its first season, though as the series progressed the dramatic tone diminished; the Marshalls are brought to the mysterious world by means of a dimensional portal, a device used throughout the series and a major part of its internal mythology. This portal opens. We learn in "Circle", which explains the time paradox, that this portal is opened by Rick Marshall himself, while in Enik's cave, as a way for the current Marshalls to return to Earth, resolving the paradox and allowing Enik to return to his time. Outfitted only for a short camping trip, the resourceful family from California takes shelter in a natural cave and improvises the provisions and tools that they need to survive.
Their most common and dangerous encounters are with dinosaurs a Tyrannosaurus rex they nickname "Grumpy" who frequents the location of their cave. However, many of the dinosaurs are herbivores, posing no threat to the Marshalls, unless unintentionally provoked. One is a tame young Brontosaurus whom Holly nicknames "Dopey", whom Holly looks upon as a pet, they encounter the hostile Sleestak, the primate-like creatures called Pakuni, as well as a variety of dangerous creatures, strange geography and unfamiliar technology. The main goal of the three is to find a way to return home, they are aided in this by the Altrusian castaway Enik. At the start of the third season it is explained that Rick Marshall has been accidentally returned to Earth alone, leaving his children behind. Rick is replaced by his brother Jack. Rick Marshall abruptly disappeared. Though the term "time doorway" is used throughout the series, Land of the Lost is not meant to portray an era in Earth's history, but rather an enigmatic zone whose place and time are unknown.
Indeed, within the first few minutes of the pilot, the Marshall family father tells his children that he spotted three moons in the sky. The original creators of these time portals were thought to be the ancestors of the Sleestak, called Altrusians, though episodes raised some questions about this. Many aspects of the Land of the Lost, including the time doorways and environmental processes, were controlled by the Pylons, metallic obelisk-shaped booths that were larger on the inside than the outside and housed matrix tables - stone tables studded with a grid of colored crystals. Uncontrolled time doorways result in the arrival of a variety of castaways in the Land. Land of the Lost is notable for its epic-scale concept, which suggested an expansive world with many fantastic forms of life and mysterious technology, all created on a children's series' limited production budget. To support the internal mythology, linguist Victoria Fromkin was commissioned to create a special language for the Pakuni, which she based on the sounds of West African speech and attempted to build into the show in a gradual way
George Richard Chamberlain is an American stage and screen actor and singer, who became a teen idol in the title role of the television show Dr. Kildare. Since he has appeared in several mini-series such as Shōgun and The Thorn Birds, many successful films such as The Bourne Identity being the first man to play Jason Bourne, he has performed classical stage roles and worked in musical theatre. Chamberlain was born in 1934 in Beverly Hills, the son of Elsa Winnifred and Charles Axiom Chamberlain, a salesman. In 1952, Chamberlain graduated from Beverly Hills High School and attended Pomona College. Chamberlain co-founded a Los Angeles–based theatre group, Company of Angels, began appearing in television series in the 1950s, he was cast as Lt. Dave Winslow in "Chicota Landing", a 1960 episode of the NBC western series, Riverboat. In the storyline, Juan Cortilla, a Mexican bandit played by Joe De Santis, is stormed from jail. Chamberlain, as United States Army Lieutenant Winslow, asks Grey Holden to transport Cortilla and his men to a military garrison.
Instead, Cortilla takes over Holden's vessel, the Enterprise, its gunpowder. Connie Hines appears with Chamberlain as Lucy Bridges, Ted de Corsia is cast as another bandit. Less than a year in 1961, Chamberlain gained widespread fame as the young intern, Dr. Kildare, in the NBC/MGM television series of the same name, co-starring with Raymond Massey. Chamberlain's singing ability led to some hit singles in the early 1960s, including the "Theme from Dr. Kildare" entitled "Three Stars Will Shine Tonight", which struck No. 10 according to the Billboard Hot 100 Charts. Dr. Kildare ended in 1966. In 1966, he was cast opposite Mary Tyler Moore in the ill-fated Broadway musical Breakfast at Tiffany's, co-starring Priscilla Lopez, after an out-of-town tryout period, closed after only four previews. Decades he returned to Broadway in revivals of My Fair Lady and The Sound of Music. At the end of the 1960s, Chamberlain spent a period of time in England where he played in repertory theatre and in the BBC's Portrait of a Lady adaptation, becoming recognized as a serious actor.
In 1969, he starred opposite Katharine Hepburn in the film The Madwoman of Chaillot. While in England, he took vocal coaching and in 1969 performed the title role in Hamlet for the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, becoming the first American to play the role there since John Barrymore in 1925, he received excellent notices and reprised the role for television in 1970 for the Hallmark Hall of Fame. In the 1970s, Chamberlain enjoyed success as a leading man in films: The Music Lovers, Lady Caroline Lamb, The Three Musketeers, The Lady's Not for Burning, The Towering Inferno, The Count of Monte Cristo. In The Slipper and the Rose, a musical version of the Cinderella story, co-starring Gemma Craven, he displayed his vocal talents. A television film, William Bast's The Man in the Iron Mask, followed; that same year, he starred in Peter Weir's film The Last Wave. Chamberlain appeared in several popular television mini-series, including Centennial, Shōgun, The Thorn Birds as Father Ralph de Bricassart with Rachel Ward and Barbara Stanwyck co-starring.
In the 1980s, he appeared as leading man with King Solomon's Mines opposite newcomer Sharon Stone, played Jason Bourne/David Webb in the television film version of The Bourne Identity. Since the 1990s, Chamberlain has appeared in television movies, on stage, as a guest star on such series as ABC's The Drew Carey Show and Will & Grace, he starred as Henry Higgins in the 1993–1994 Broadway revival of My Fair Lady. In the fall of 2005, Chamberlain appeared in the title role of Ebenezer Scrooge in the Broadway National Tour of Scrooge: The Musical. In 2006, Chamberlain guest-starred in an episode of the British drama series Hustle as well as season 4 of Nip/Tuck. In 2007, Chamberlain guest-starred in episode 80 of Desperate Housewives as Glen Wingfield, Lynette Scavo's stepfather. In 2008 and 2009, he appeared as King Arthur in the national tour of Monty Python's Spamalot. In 2010, he appeared as Archie Leach in season 3, episode 3 of the series Leverage, as well as two episodes of season 4 of Chuck where he played a villain known only as The Belgian.
Chamberlain has appeared in several episodes of Brothers & Sisters, playing an old friend and love-interest of Saul's. He appeared in the independent film We Are the Hartmans in 2011. In 2012, Chamberlain appeared on stage in the Pasadena Playhouse as Dr. Sloper in the play, The Heiress. Chamberlain was romantically involved with television actor Wesley Eure in the early 1970s. In 1977, he met actor-writer-producer Martin Rabbett; this led to a civil union in the state of Hawaii, where the couple resided from 1986 to 2010 and during which time Chamberlain adopted Rabbett to protect his future estate. Rabbett and Chamberlain starred together in, among others, Allan Quatermain and the Lost City of Gold, in which they played brothers Allan and Robeson Quatermain. In the spring of 2010 Chamberlain returned to Los Angeles to pursue career opportunities, leaving Rabbett in Hawaii, at least temporarily. Chamberlain was outed as a gay man at the age of 55 by the French women's magazine Nous Deux in December 1989, but it was not until 2003 that he confirmed his homosexuality in h
The Nanny is an American television sitcom which aired on CBS from 1993 to 1999, starring Fran Drescher as Fran Fine, a Jewish fashion queen from Flushing, New York, who becomes the nanny of three children from the New York/British high society. The show was created and produced by Drescher and her husband Peter Marc Jacobson, taking much of its inspiration from Drescher's personal life growing up in Queens, involving names and characteristics based on her relatives and friends; the show earned a Rose d'Or and one Emmy Award, out of a total of twelve nominations, Drescher was twice nominated for a Golden Globe and an Emmy. The sitcom has spawned several foreign adaptations, loosely inspired by the original scripts. Jewish-American Fran Fine turns up on the doorstep of British Broadway producer Maxwell Sheffield to sell cosmetics after having been both dumped and fired by her boyfriend and employer Danny Imperialli. Instead, she finds herself the nanny of Maxwell's three children: Maggie and Grace.
Maxwell Sheffield is unhappy about it at first, but Fran turns out to be just what he and his family needed. While Fran Fine manages the children, butler Niles manages the household and watches all the events that unfold with Fran as the new nanny. Niles, recognizing Fran's gift for bringing warmth back to the family, does his best to undermine Maxwell's business partner C. C. Babcock who has her eyes on the available Maxwell Sheffield. Niles is seen making witty comments directed towards C. C. with C. C. replying with a comment of her own in their ongoing game of one-upmanship. As the series progresses, it becomes obvious that Maxwell is smitten with Fran though he won't admit it, Fran is smitten with him; the show teases the viewers with "near misses" as well as with an engagement. Towards the seasons, they marry and expand their family by having fraternal twins. By the end of the series, it's clear that Niles and C. C.'s constant sharp barbs are their bizarre form of flirtation. Fran Fine is the nasal-voiced, outgoing protagonist of the series who stumbles upon the Sheffields' doorstep and winds up as the nanny to Mr. Sheffield's three children: Maggie and Grace.
She starts off working for her boyfriend Danny Imperialli in a bridal shop but is dumped and fired not long after. She ends up meeting his family while going door to door to sell cosmetics, her character has an outgoing and humorous personality. Fran, as a result of her mother's overbearing personality feels the need to date and is compelled to get married as well, she is seen getting into trouble and having to solve those problems through using her street smarts. Maxwell Sheffield is the male protagonist who ends up hiring Fran Fine to watch over his three children, Maggie and Grace, he is a widowed Broadway producer, having lost his wife Sara four years before the start of the series. While he does have some success as a Broadway producer, he remains in the shadow of his rival Andrew Lloyd Webber, who always seems to have the upper hand, he does not spend a lot of time with his children due to his busy schedule, hence he ends up hiring Fran Fine as the children's nanny. Despite his mutual attraction to Fran, he tries to keep their relationship professional for fear of commitment.
Margaret Sheffield is the eldest child of Maxwell Sheffield. She is seen bickering with her brother, who views her as a nerd. While she is fighting with Brighton, her relationship with her sister, Grace, is more one of mentorship. Towards the beginning of the series, Maggie is shy and awkward but, with Fran's influence, she becomes a somewhat popular young woman. Upon meeting Fran Fine, the two bond instantly. Brighton Sheffield is the only son of Maxwell Sheffield. Due to being the only son, he feels left out; this causes him to purposely bring about trouble for his two sisters. He doesn't bond with Fran Fine at first, having disliked all his previous nannies, but becomes close with her as well, he plans to become a Broadway producer, like his father. Grace Sheffield is the youngest child in the Sheffield family, she has a habit of naming complicated words. When Fran first became her nanny, Grace was in therapy. But, under Fran Fine's influence and guidance, she doesn't need therapy any more; as the two became close to one another Grace started picking up some of Fran's Jewish slang and dressing habits thinking of Fran as a mother to her.
C. C. Babcock is the egocentric business partner of Maxwell Sheffield, with whom she has been working for 20 years, she wants him as more than a business partner. Maxwell, appears oblivious and Babcock has yet to make a serious move on him, she never seems to be able to remember the names of Maxwell's three children. From her first meeting with Fran Fine, she views the newly hired nanny as a threat and tries to undermine her. Fran is not C. C.'s only enemy in the Sheffield house, as she has an more contentious relationship with his longtime butler Niles. Niles is the loyal chauffeur for the Sheffield family, he and Maxwell have known each other their whole lives. He bonds with Fran Fine viewing her as the breath of fresh air that the Sheffield family needs. Niles is known as the household snoop as he is seen listening in on conversations via intercoms, in the rooms where the conversations are taki
The Roots are an American hip hop band, formed in 1987 by Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter and Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson in Philadelphia, United States. The Roots serve as the house band on NBC's The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, having served in the same role on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon from 2009–2014; the Roots are known for a jazzy and eclectic approach to hip-hop featuring live musical instruments and the group's work has been met with critical acclaim. ThoughtCo ranked the band #7 on its list of the 25 Best Hip-Hop Groups of All-Time, calling them "Hip-hop's first legitimate band." Although the band no longer tours extensively due to their Tonight Show obligations, their live shows are regarded as the best in the genre. In addition to the band's music, several members of the Roots are involved in side projects, including record production and serving as guests on other musician's albums and live shows; the Roots originated in Philadelphia with Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson and Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter while they were both attending the Philadelphia High School for the Creative and Performing Arts.
They would busk out on the street corners with Questlove playing bucket drums and Tariq rapping over his rhythms. Their first organized gig was a talent show in 1989 at the school where they used the name Radio Activity, which began a series of name changes that progressed through Black to the Future and The Square Roots. Another MC, Malik B. and a permanent bass player, Leonard "Hub" Hubbard, were added to the band before the release of their first album. In 1992, they dropped the "Square" from "Square Roots" because a local folk group had claim to the name. Unable to break through in their native Philadelphia, the band moved to London, where they would release their 1993 debut, Organix; the album was sold independently. In the span of a year, the band developed a cult following in Europe, boosted by touring; the Roots would receive offers from music labels, the band signed with DGC/Geffen. The Roots' first album for DGC, Do You Want More?!!!??!, was released the following year. During the recording process, beatboxer Rahzel and keyboardist Scott Storch, joined the band.
The addition of the two members provided additional depth to the band's sound, energized the Roots' Philadelphia jam sessions, which the band would sample for songs on Do You Want More?!!!??!. The album's opening track features Black Thought introducing the band's sound as "organic hip hop jazz," and indeed; the album spawned three singles with accompanying videos: "Proceed," "Distortion to Static," and "Silent Treatment." The album was a moderate hit among alternative music fans, boosted by the group's appearance at Lollapalooza. In 1995, the band performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival. In the years since its release, Do You Want More?!!!??! has come to be considered to be a classic jazz rap album. The 1996 release Illadelph Halflife was the group's third album and their first to break the Top 40 on the Billboard 200 chart, spurred in part by MTV's airplay of the video for "What They Do" and "Clones", their first single to reach the top five on the rap charts; the band added "What They Do" was the group's first single to hit the Top 40 of Billboard's charts, reaching a peak of #34.
Scott Storch was replaced by a new keyboardist, Kamal Gray. The band's sound would take a darker turn during this period influenced by the Wu-Tang Clan and the RZA's grimy and haunting production style, replete with samples from old jazz and classical music; the album is notable for its many guests and collaborators, including Common, D'Angelo, Q-Tip, others. These collaborations would provide the foundation for the creation of the Soulquarians and permanently forged the Roots' association with the neo-soul subgenre; the group released Things Fall Apart in 1999. This was their breakthrough album, peaking at No. 4 on the Billboard 200 charts and earning a gold record, signifying U. S. sales of at least 500,000 units. The album was certified platinum in April 2013. Mos Def contributed to the track entitled "Double Trouble"; the track "Act Two" features Common. The track "You Got Me", a duet with R&B singer Erykah Badu and Eve and Jill Scott intended by Black Thought for the "unconscious" population, peaked at No. 39 on the Billboard Hot 100 charts.
At the 42nd Grammy Awards "You Got Me" won the award for Best Rap Performance By a Duo or Group and the album was nominated for Best Rap Album. Steve Huey of the website allmusic.com perceived "a strong affinity for the neo-soul movement" in the album. First-time cameos on Things Fall Apart for Philadelphia natives Beanie Sigel and Eve helped to earn them major record deals later. After this album, Dice Raw left the collective to record his solo debut album Reclaiming the Dead. In the summer, the band performed at the Woodstock'99 concert in New York state. Several members, including longtime member Malik B. left the group. In December 2001, the Roots backed Jay-Z for his MTV Unplugged concert. With heightened popularity came mounting pressure; the Roots released Phrenology in 2002. Despite not charting as high as Things Fall Apart, reaching a peak of No. 28 on the charts, Phrenology was