California's 1st congressional district
California's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of California. Doug LaMalfa, a Republican, has represented the district since January 2013; the 1st district encompasses the northeastern part of the state. It consists of: Butte County Lassen County Modoc County Plumas County Shasta County Sierra County Siskiyou County Tehama County most of Nevada County part of Glenn County part of Placer CountyPrior to redistricting by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission of 2011, the 1st district encompassed the northern coast of the state, it consisted of Del Norte, Lake and Napa counties plus portions of Sonoma and Yolo counties. Much of that area is now the 5th district, while the current 1st district comprises much of the territory, the 2nd district. Prior to 2013, the GOP last held the seat in 1998 when U. S. Representative Frank Riggs decided to run for the U. S. Senate. Riggs was replaced by State Senator Mike Thompson. Redistricting in 2001 added Democratic-leaning areas of Yolo County.
John Kerry won the district in 2004 presidential election with 59.7% of the vote. Barack Obama carried the district in 2008 presidential election with 65.60% of the vote. The new 1st district is much more Republican-leaning. District created March 4, 1865; as of January 2019, there are four former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from California's 1st congressional district that are living; the most recent representative to die was Donald H. Clausen on February 7, 2015; the most serving representative to die was Eugene A. Chappie on May 31, 1992. List of United States congressional districts California's congressional districts GovTrack.us: California's 1st congressional district RAND California Election Returns: District Definitions California Voter Foundation map - CD01
Butte County, California
Butte County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 220,000; the county seat is Oroville. Butte County comprises CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is in the California Central Valley, north of the state capital of Sacramento. Butte County is known as the "Land of Natural Wealth and Beauty."Butte County is watered by the Feather River and the Sacramento River. Butte Creek and Big Chico Creek are both tributary to the Sacramento; the county is the home of Chico and of Butte College. There are four major hospitals and the State of California defines Butte County as being inside Health Service Area 1. A special district, the Butte County Air Quality Management District, regulates airborne pollutant emissions in the county, it does this following regional regulations and federal laws. For example, in recent years, the agency changed rules that once allowed residents to burn household trash outdoors. Butte County was incorporated as one of California's 19 original counties on 18 February 1850.
The county went across the present limits of the Tehama, Plumas and Sutter counties. The first sheriff was Joseph Q. Wilbur. On November 8, 2018, a major wildfire, the "Camp Fire", destroyed most of the town of Paradise, the adjacent community of Concow, many square miles of rural, hilly country east of Chico. More than eighty people were killed, fifty thousand were displaced, 200,000 acres were burned, twenty thousand buildings were destroyed; the Camp Fire is California's most deadliest fire. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,677 square miles, of which 1,636 square miles is land and 41 square miles is water; the county is drained by the Feather Butte Creek. Part of the county's western border is formed by the Sacramento River; the county lies along the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, the steep slopes making it prime territory for the siting of hydroelectric power plants. About a half dozen of these plants are located in the county, one of which, serves the Oroville Dam which became stressed by overflow water in 2017, which remains a concern today.
Butte Sink National Wildlife Refuge Lassen National Forest Plumas National Forest Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge Sutter County, California - south Colusa County, California - southwest Glenn County, California - west Tehama County, California - northwest Plumas County, California - northeast Yuba County, California - southeast The 2010 United States Census reported that Butte County had a population of 220,000. The racial makeup of Butte County was 180,096 White, 3,415 African American, 4,395 Native American, 9,057 Asian, 452 Pacific Islander, 12,141 from other races, 10,444 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31,116 persons; as of the census of 2000, there were 203,171 people, 79,566 households, 49,410 families residing in the county. The population density was 124 people per square mile. There were 85,523 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 84.5% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 1.9% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 4.8% from other races, 3.9% from two or more races.
10.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.2% were of German, 11.1% English, 10.2% Irish, 7.8% American and 5.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 87.9% spoke English, 7.8% Spanish and 1.4% Hmong as their first language. There were 79,566 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.9% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 13.6% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,924, the median income for a family was $41,010.
Males had a median income of $34,137 versus $25,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,517. About 12.2% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.8% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense; the citizens of the county of Butte are represented by the five member Butte County Board of Supervisors. The Berry Creek Rancheria of Tyme Maidu Indians of California is headquartered in Oroville; the Berry Creek Rancheria operates Gold Country Casino. The Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California is headquartered in Oroville; the Mooretown Rancheria operates Feather Falls Casino. The governmental headquarters of the Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria is located in Chico. Butte County is split between the 1st and 3rd Assembly districts, represented by Republican Brian Dahle and Republican James Gallagher, respectively.
The county is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen. On November 4, 2008 Butte County voted 56.7% for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages. Butte County is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republic
Marriage called matrimony or wedlock, is a or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity; when defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding. Individuals may marry for several reasons, including legal, libidinal, financial and religious purposes. Whom they marry may be influenced by gender determined rules of incest, prescriptive marriage rules, parental choice and individual desire.
In some areas of the world, arranged marriage, child marriage and sometimes forced marriage, may be practiced as a cultural tradition. Conversely, such practices may be outlawed and penalized in parts of the world out of concerns of the infringement of women's rights, or the infringement of children's rights, because of international law. Around the world in developed democracies, there has been a general trend towards ensuring equal rights within marriage for women and recognizing the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; these trends coincide with the broader human rights movement. Marriage can be recognized by a state, an organization, a religious authority, a tribal group, a local community, or peers, it is viewed as a contract. When a marriage is performed and carried out by a government institution in accordance with the marriage laws of the jurisdiction, without religious content, it is a civil marriage. Civil marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before the state.
When a marriage is performed with religious content under the auspices of a religious institution it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before that religion. Religious marriage is known variously as sacramental marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, various other names in other faith traditions, each with their own constraints as to what constitutes, who can enter into, a valid religious marriage; some countries do not recognize locally performed religious marriage on its own, require a separate civil marriage for official purposes. Conversely, civil marriage does not exist in some countries governed by a religious legal system, such as Saudi Arabia, where marriages contracted abroad might not be recognized if they were contracted contrary to Saudi interpretations of Islamic religious law. In countries governed by a mixed secular-religious legal system, such as in Lebanon and Israel, locally performed civil marriage does not exist within the country, preventing interfaith and various other marriages contradicting religious laws from being entered into in the country, civil marriages performed abroad are recognized by the state if they conflict with religious laws.
The act of marriage creates normative or legal obligations between the individuals involved, any offspring they may produce or adopt. In terms of legal recognition, most sovereign states and other jurisdictions limit marriage to opposite-sex couples and a diminishing number of these permit polygyny, child marriages, forced marriages. In modern times, a growing number of countries developed democracies, have lifted bans on and have established legal recognition for the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; some cultures allow the dissolution of marriage through annulment. In some areas, child marriages and polygamy may occur in spite of national laws against the practice. Since the late twentieth century, major social changes in Western countries have led to changes in the demographics of marriage, with the age of first marriage increasing, fewer people marrying, more couples choosing to cohabit rather than marry. For example, the number of marriages in Europe decreased by 30% from 1975 to 2005.
In most cultures, married women had few rights of their own, being considered, along with the family's children, the property of the husband. In Europe, the United States, other places in the developed world, beginning in the late 19th century and lasting through the 21st century, marriage has undergone gradual legal changes, aimed at improving the rights of the wife; these changes included giving wives legal identities of their own, abolishing the right of husbands to physically discipline their wives, giving wives property rights, liberalizing divorce laws, providing wives with reproductive rights of their own, requiring a wife's consent when sexual relations occur. These changes have occurred in Western countries. In the 21st century, there continue to be controversies regarding the legal status of married women, legal acceptance of or leniency towards violence within marriage, traditional marriage customs such as dowry and bride price, for
Douglas Lee LaMalfa is an American politician. A Republican, he has been the U. S. Representative for California's 1st congressional district since 2013; the district, the second-largest in the state, covers nearly all of interior northern California including Chico, Redding and Truckee. LaMalfa served in the California State Assembly, representing the 2nd district, from 2002 to 2008, he served in the California State Senate, representing the 4th district, from 2010 to 2012. LaMalfa is a lifelong Northern California resident, he graduated from Cal Poly San Luis Obispo with a Bachelor's degree in Ag/Business. He and his wife, along with their four children, make their home on the family rice farm in Richvale, a rural unincorporated community south of Chico, founded by his great-grandfather in 1931. LaMalfa is an owner and manager of the Dsl Lamalfa Family Partnership, which owns and operates the family farm. In 2002, LaMalfa ran for the California Assembly in the 2nd District, he won the Republican primary with 59% of the vote, the general election with 67%.
He won re-election in 2004 and 2006. LaMalfa worked with Bernie Richter as an early supporter of Proposition 209, which ended affirmative action in California, he worked for passage of the Protection of Marriage Act, Proposition 22, which banned Same-sex marriage in California, after that initiative was overturned by the courts, he was an early supporter and active in the Proposition 8 campaign. LaMalfa opposed Mike Feuer's microstamping bill, AB 1471, signed into law by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger on October 13, 2007. LaMalfa was a co-author of ACA 20, similar to Arizona's new law, would empower law enforcement to act as Immigration, Customs Enforcement Agents and would have cracked down on illegal immigration. ACA 20 failed to pass the first hearing by a 3-to-6 vote. In 2007, he passed AB 1645, a law that would prevent seizures of firearms in the event of an emergency or natural disaster; this was the first pro-gun legislation signed into law in a decade. When LaMalfa was named the California Rifle and Pistol Association's "Legislator of the Year" for 2007, he said "Receiving this award today from the California Rifle and Pistol Association is a humbling honor."
Joint Committee on Legislative Audit Public Safety West Nile virus In 2010, he ran for the California State Senate in the 4th District. In the Republican primary, he defeated State Representative Rick Keene 58%–42%. In the general election, he defeated Lathe Gill 68%–32%. In November 2011, LaMalfa opposed a proposed bullet train, he did so, saying "In light of the High Speed Rail plan, submitted and that the numbers still do not work, California in this dire fiscal crisis that we're in, we're going to introduce legislation to repeal the HSR Authority and the funding for that the state was going to put forward". LaMalfa opposed a bill that would require history teachers in all California public schools to teach history of homosexuality and gay civil rights. LaMalfa stated the Governor Brown was "out of touch with what I think are still mainstream American values. That's not the kind of stuff. They've crossed a line into a new frontier."LaMalfa opposed the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, which would eliminate the Electoral College.
He argued "I think. It flies in the face of 220 years of election law. We have an electoral college. Agriculture Budget and Fiscal Review Elections and Constitutional Amendments Governance and Finance Natural Resources and Water Veterans Affairs Joint Committee on Legislative Audit Joint Committee on Fairs and Classification Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture In January 2012, 2nd district Congressman Wally Herger announced that he was retiring after thirteen terms. Hours after Herger announced his retirement, Republican consultant Dave Gilliard told Flash Report that Herger had endorsed LaMalfa as his successor in the district, renumbered as the 1st District in the 2010 round of redistricting. LaMalfa finished first in the June 2012 primary election with 38% of the vote in an eight-person race, winning 10 out of the district's 11 counties. On November 6, 2012, LaMalfa defeated Democratic Party candidate Jim Reed 57%–43%. LaMalfa defeated Democrat Heidi Hall in the general election with 61% of the vote.
In the 2016 general election, LaMalfa defeated Democratic nominee Jim Reed with 59.1% of the vote. LaMalfa is running for re-election, he will face Democrat Audrey Denney in the general election. In the hotly contested race, his campaign sent out an attack mailer showing a falsified picture of Denney signing a document endorsing Nancy Pelosi and liberal Democrats. Denney uploaded the original photograph to her campaign website in February 2018 to show her signing a promise to oppose campaign contributions from the petroleum industry. LaMalfa's campaign altered the wording on the document for their mailer. Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management Subcommittee on Horticulture, Research and Foreign Agriculture Committee on Natural Resources Subcommittee on Indian and Alaska Native Affairs Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental Regulation Subcommittee on Water and Power Congressional Western Caucus Republican Study Committee U. S.-Japan Caucus From 1995 to 2016, LaMalfa was the recipient of the largest amount of money from agricultural subsidies in the history of congress.
As a member of the House Agricultural Committee, he oversees farm subsidies. In 2017, his spokesman, Parker Williams, stated that LaMa
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
James Wiley Nielsen is an American politician from California serving in the California State Senate representing the 4th district. He is a Republican. Nielsen served on the Yolo County Republican Committee before first winning election to the California State Senate in 1978 and served until 1990. Nielsen served in the California State Assembly from 2009-2012 and returned to the Senate in 2013. On August 31, 1944, Nielsen was born in California. Nielsen earned a bachelors degree in Agricultural Business from Fresno. Nielsen was first elected to the Senate in 1978 by defeating 4th district incumbent John Dunlap, a freshman Democrat. Nielsen went on to win easy reelections in 1982 and 1986. Nielsen served as Republican Leader in the Senate from 1983 until 1987. Nielsen established himself as a traditional tough-on-crime conservative who championed the cause for lower taxes, controlled government spending and gun rights for law-abiding citizens, he authored legislation to promote welfare reform and reduce welfare fraud, including the acclaimed GAIN program, he authored and coauthored bills to promote agricultural exports.
Nielsen was unseated by Democrat Mike Thompson, an aide to Assemblywoman Jackie Speier. Thompson benefited from ethics issues and verbal gaffes made by the incumbent, as well changing demographics in the district, he defeated Nielsen by less than 1 percent. After leaving the legislature, Nielsen served on the Agriculture Labor Relations Board. In 1992, he was appointed to the Board of Parole and Prison Terms and served as its chairman from 1993 until 2000. A question of residency eligibility arose during his bid for the Assembly in 2008, because Nielsen owns 2 homes, one in the district he represents and one near the capitol, the custom of most legislators. Nielsen won the case and received a judgment for court costs in the amount of $7,400 against Plaintiff Don Bird. Plaintiff appealed to the Secretary of State who deferred to the State Attorney General. After reviewing the case, the Attorney General issued a letter on December 22, 2008, stating there was no evidence to warrant further investigation and the matter was closed.
The Attorney General was a Democrat and former Governor of California. Nielsen was the largest taxpayer-funded gas card spender in the state legislature for 2010 costing $10,410.68 Nielsen's wife is Marilyn. They have five children. Vassar, Alex. "Jim Nielsen, Republican". JoinCalifornia.com. Retrieved on October 3, 2008 California Journal Vol. XXI, No. 10 "Wilson vs. Feinstein". StateNet Publications, October 1990. California Journal Vol. XXVI, No. 12 "Complete District By District Analysis". StateNet Publications, December 1990. Official website Nielsen's Campaign website JoinCalifornia, Election History for the State of California