Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"

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Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"
Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Θεσσαλονίκης "Μακεδονία"
Thessaloniki Airport logo.svg
SELANIK.THESSALONIKI 1 - panoramio.jpg
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Owner Greek State
Operator Fraport Greece
Serves Thessaloniki
Location Mikra, Macedonia, Greece
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates 40°31′11″N 22°58′15″E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083Coordinates: 40°31′11″N 22°58′15″E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083
Website Official website
Maps
Map of the airport
Map of the airport
SKG is located in Greece
SKG
SKG
Location of the airport in Greece
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,440 8,005 Asphalt
16/34 2,410 7,907 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 6,395,523
Passenger traffic change Increase 11.5%
Aircraft movements 54,931
Aircraft movements change Increase 12.8%
Sources: Greek AIP at Eurocontrol[1]
Statistics: Fraport Greece[2]
1 Official airfield data at the Air Traffic Safety Electronic Engineers Association of Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority website lists no official website for the airport.

Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"[3] (Greek: Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Θεσσαλονίκης "Μακεδονία"[4], translit. Kratikós Aeroliménas Thessaloníkis "Makedonía") (IATA: SKG, ICAO: LGTS), formerly known as Mikra Airport, is located 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) south[5] of the White Tower of Thessaloniki in Greece at Thermi.[1]

The airport is the third-largest airport in the country after Athens International Airport and Heraklion International Airport. It opened in 1930 and was the second-busiest airport in Greece in terms of flights served and the third-busiest in terms of passengers served in 2016, with over 6 million passengers. It is the main airport of Northern Greece and serves the city of Thessaloniki (the second-largest city in Greece), the popular tourist destination of Chalkidiki and the surrounding cities of the region.

History[edit]

During World War I the area that the airport currently occupies was used as an airfield and it continued operating as an airfield during World War II. At the time of the German occupation of Greece major projects took place, such as the creation of a 600 m (2,000 ft) runway, while in 1948 the airport started operations as a civil airport for the first time.[citation needed]

In 1950, the already existing (10/28) runway was paved with asphalt at a length of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and in 1952 it was extended to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). It was the same year that the first airport building was completed, with a control tower on the roof.[citation needed] One year later a new runway (16/34) was built. In 1958, the runway 10/28 underwent reconstruction and was extended to a total length of 2,440 m (8,010 ft) (current length), while runway 16/34 was extended to 2,400 m (7,900 ft), with its completion in 1972. In 2004 a new parallel taxiway for runway 16/34, was opened for use.[citation needed]

In September 1965, a new terminal building opened on a new location (current location). In the period between 1968 and 1973, the terminal was expanded, with the construction of a second floor and its first motorway junction.[citation needed] Due to the 1978 Thessaloniki earthquake, the control tower was destroyed, so a new one was constructed, independent of the main terminal building. The next expansion of the terminal took place in two stages, with the projects starting in 1991 and 1993, respectively.[citation needed] The municipality of Thessaloniki, as a European Capital of Culture for 1997, took over a projects for the aesthetic intervention, renovation, modernisation and reorganisation of the spaces of the building.

The terminal building took its current form, when an additional of 19,000 m2 (200,000 sq ft) were added to the western and eastern side of the terminal building, completed in November 2000 and June 2003, respectively. The western extension included the widening of the international departures area (new Extra-Schengen Area), including new administration offices, a new health station and the new station control of Olympic Airlines. The eastern expansion included a new check-in hall, new waiting halls and additional administrative offices for airlines. Today the terminal has a total floor area of 32,000 m2 (340,000 sq ft). Finally, during 2004–2006 the new motorway junction was completed on the level of the departures entrance of the Terminal and new parking spaces for cars, buses and taxis were created. In 1992, a year after Macedonia declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia, the airport changed its name from Micra to Macedonia.[6]

In June 2015, there was an important event in the history of Thessaloniki airport and the Hellenic aviation. SkyGreece Airlines opened the first regular transatlantic flight coming from Toronto, Canada via Budapest, Hungary, due to the short runway of the Airport.[citation needed] The flight was scheduled to operate once a week during summer, but SkyGreece Airlines ceased all its operations in late August 2015, due to lack of funds and blaming the capital controls.[clarification needed]

In December 2015, the privatisation of Thessaloniki Airport and 13 other regional airports of Greece was finalised with the signing of the agreement between the Fraport AG/Copelouzos Group joint venture and the state privatisation fund.[7] "We signed the deal today," the head of Greece's privatisation agency HRADF, Stergios Pitsiorlas, told Reuters.[8] According to the agreement, the joint venture will operate the 14 airports (including Thessaloniki Airport) for 40 years as of 11 April 2017.

On 20 April 2018, in order to improve the facilities in the existing passenger terminal, the six passenger security-check lanes were moved near entrance B, next to Check-in desk number 30. Therefore the spaces, where the 2 different lanes were, will become part of the departure hall thus doubling the passengers waiting area.[9]

Facilities[edit]

Terminal[edit]

The airport's terminal consists of three floors. The ground floor serves arrivals only and is divided into two sections: international/extra-Schengen arrivals and domestic/intra-Schengen arrivals. The second floor serves departures and also includes a shopping center. On this floor there are 34 check-in counters, waiting areas, bars, stores and various airlines' offices. The third floor houses two restaurants and several bars with views to the runways. There are two passenger lounges.

Runways[edit]

The airport has two runways (10/28 and 16/34) and two taxiways. There are 22 stands for narrow-body aircraft and about 20 for light aircraft.

Future of the Airport[edit]

As part of a comprehensive masterplan released by the government in 2002, several projects have been started to improve Thessaloniki Airport. Other than the building works on the current terminal, including the construction of a new cargo terminal, the masterplan features two major projects.

Runway extension[edit]

Aerial view of the airport in April 2011, showing the progress of the runway extension works.

Phase 1 of the masterplan includes the expansion of existing runway 10/28 and is currently[when?] under construction. During the process of the project design, 80 Greek and 5 Danish civil engineers and scientists from other specialties have worked on the project. Both the runway and the taxiway will be extended by 1,150 m (3,770 ft), 1,000 m (3,300 ft) out into the sea, resulting in a runway that will have a total length of 3,440 m (11,290 ft) with an extra safety distance of 150 m (490 ft). Its width will be 50 m (160 ft) while the taxiway's width, which will be located at an axial distance of 183 m (600 ft) from the runway, will be 23 m (75 ft). The new runway and taxiway sections will be equipped with appropriate lighting and control systems, that will extend a further 750 m (2,460 ft) into the sea. The completion date was set in July 2011, but due to financial problems of the manufacturing company, reactions of environmental organizations and residents of the surrounding areas, fearing ecological dangers by extending land into the sea, the project has been held back. A new completion date for 31.12.2018.[10]

Fraport Greece’s investment plan[edit]

On 22 March 2017, Fraport-Greece presented its master plan for the 14 regional airports, including the airport of Thessaloniki.[11]

Intrakat has managed refurbishing and upgrading current facilities at the airport, as well as studies and expansion projects.[12]

The following summarizes the enhancement changes that will be implemented for Thessaloniki airport under Fraport Greece’s investment plan by 2020:[13]

  1. New terminal
  2. Terminal expansion by 30,998 m², incl. new landside access
  3. Remodeling of existing Terminal
  4. HBS inline screening
  5. New fire station
  6. Expanding the waste water treatment plant or connection to municipal service
  7. Reorganizing the airport apron area
  8. Refurbishing airside pavement
  9. Terminal expansion by 31,380 m²
  10. 47 percent increase in the number of Check-in Stations (from 30 to 44)
  11. 75 percent increase in the number of security lanes (from 4 to 7)
  12. 50 percent increase in the number of departure gates (from 16 to 24)
  13. Doubling the number of security-check lanes (from 6 to 12)
  14. General clean-up
  15. Improving lighting, marking of airside areas.
  16. Upgrading sanitary facilities
  17. Enhancing services and offering new free Internet connection (WiFi)
  18. Implementing works to improve fire safety in all the areas of the airports

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Chania, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Heraklion, Larnaca, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Mytilene, Rhodes, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Hannover (resumes 4 June 2019),[14] Mykonos, Nuremberg, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Saint Petersburg, Santorini
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Serbia Belgrade
Alitalia Seasonal: Milan-Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Arkia Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal charter: Yerevan
Astra Airlines Chios, Heraklion, Ikaria, Kos, Lemnos, Mytilene, Samos
Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Milos, Munich, Mykonos, Paros, Santorini, Syros
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Seasonal charter: Graz
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk-National
Blue Air Larnaca
British Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Cobalt Air Larnaca
CondorSeasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, London-Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: London-Luton, Venice
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse
Ellinair Athens, Chania, Heraklion, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Rhodes, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Almaty, Astana, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Dnipropetrovsk, Frankfurt, Kazan, Kharkiv, Kiev-Boryspil, Krasnodar, Lviv, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow-Vnukovo, Munich, Mykonos, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Odessa, Omsk, Riga, Rostov-on-Don-Platov, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Santorini, Tallinn, Tbilisi, Ufa, Volgograd, Voronezh, Warsaw-Chopin, Yekaterinburg
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Warsaw-Chopin, Wrocław
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Munich, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hannover
flydubai Dubai-International
Germania Seasonal: Dresden, Erfurt/Weimar, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Lufthansa Frankfurt (begins 28 October 2018)[15]
Neos Seasonal: Milan-Malpensa, Verona
Olympic Air Chios, Kalamata, Samos
Seasonal: Paros
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Athens, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bologna, Bratislava, Charleroi, Chania (resumes 28 October 2018), Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hahn, Hamburg, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, London-Stansted, Memmingen, Naples, Nuremberg, Paphos, Rome-Ciampino, Warsaw-Modlin, Weeze
Seasonal: Bremen, Copenhagen, Girona, Gothenburg, Malta (begins 1 April 2019),[16] Stockholm-Skavsta
Saratov Airlines Seasonal: Mineralnye Vody, Saratov
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Sky Express Chios, Corfu, Mytilene (begins 1 November 2018), Samos, Skyros
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Katowice
SmartWings Seasonal: Prague
Seasonal charter: Brno, Ostrava
Sundair Seasonal charter: Berlin–Tegel
Sun D'OrSeasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 14 April 2019)[17]
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Geneva, Zürich
TAROM Bucharest
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Birmingham, Manchester
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris-Orly
Travel Service Polska Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, Warsaw-Chopin
Travel Service Slovakia Seasonal charter: Bratislava
TUI AirwaysSeasonal: Birmingham (begins 6 May 2019),[18] Bristol (begins 2 May 2019),[18] East Midlands, London–Gatwick, London-Luton (begins 2 May 2019),[18] Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Utair Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona
Wizz Air Budapest, Iași, Kutaisi, Vienna (begins 15 November 2018)[19]

Statistics[edit]

Overview[edit]

Between 1994 and 2010, Thessaloniki Airport saw a rise in passenger traffic equal to 76%, from 2.2 million in 1994 to 3.9 million in 2010.[3] Between 2003 and 2008 the airport saw a passenger traffic increase of 19.1% from 3.5 million to almost 4.2 million passengers, an all-time high. The number of passengers dropped in next years. However, over the last two years the airport experienced passenger traffic increase to just above four million by 2013. Significant traffic increase took place during 2014, with the total number of passengers exceeding the five million mark for the first time.[3]

Figures[edit]

The data taken from the Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)[20] until 2016 and from 2017 onwards from the Fraport Greece website.[21][22]

Year Passengers
Domestic International Total
1994 719,846 1,507,641 2,227,487
1995 Increase795,085 Increase1,541,134 Increase2,336,219
1996 Increase922,190 Increase1,577,702 Increase2,499,892
1997 Increase1,108,736 Increase1,688,430 Increase2,797,166
1998 Decrease1,039,149 Decrease1,627,926 Decrease2,667,075
1999 Increase1,328,976 Increase1,857,745 Increase3,186,721
2000 Increase1,533,383 Increase2,014,644 Increase3,548,027
2001 Decrease1,343,366 Increase2,087,453 Decrease3,430,819
2002 Decrease1,219,063 Decrease2,038,373 Decrease3,257,436
2003 Increase1,446,677 Increase2,054,245 Increase3,500,922
2004 Increase1,496,411 Increase2,124,498 Increase3,620,909
2005 Decrease1,462,505 Increase2,208,076 Increase3.670.581
2006 Increase1,486,833 Increase2,316,021 Increase3,802,854
2007 Increase1,644,950 Increase2,523,019 Increase4,167,969
2008 Decrease1,611,883 Increase2,557,676 Increase4,169,559
2009 Increase1,713,890 Decrease2,390,305 Decrease4,104,195
2010 Decrease1,682,071 Decrease2,228,680 Decrease3,910,751
2011 Decrease1,487,972 Increase2,470,503 Increase3,958,475
2012 Decrease1,449,116 Increase2,557,088 Increase4,006,204
2013 Decrease1,409,608 Increase2,629,968 Increase4,039,576
2014 Increase1,892,018 Increase3,058,708 Increase4,950,726
2015 Increase2,314,773 Decrease3,026,520 Increase5,341,293
2016 Increase2,423,095 Increase3,312,486 Increase5,735,581
2017 Increase2,442,350 Increase3,953,173 Increase6,395,523
2018 (Jan-Aug) Decrease1,527,945 Increase2,946,308 Increase4,474,253
Year Flights
Domestic International Total
2016 22,120 26,590 48,710
2017 Increase23,608 Increase31,323 Increase54,931
2018 (Jan-Aug) Decrease14,720 Increase22,853 Increase37,573

Traffic by country (2017) [23][edit]

Traffic by country Thessaloniki Airport - Reporting Period : 11.04.2017 - 31.12.2017
Place Country Arriving Pax Departing Pax Total Pax %Pax Share
1 Greece Greece 871,562 875,298 1,746,860 34.7%
2 Germany Germany 543,369 562,520 1,105,889 22.0%
3 Cyprus Cyprus 163,915 165,217 329,132 6.5%
4 Russia Russia 162,973 163,755 326,728 6.5%
5 United Kingdom United Kingdom 152,720 153,763 306,483 6.1%
6 Italy Italy 80,299 86,257 166,556 3.3%
7 Turkey Turkey 54,422 54,537 108,959 2.2%
8 Poland Poland 53,869 53,822 107,691 2.1%
9 Netherlands Netherlands 43,308 44,213 87,521 1.7%
10 Belgium Belgium 40,446 42,154 82,600 1.6%

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes from Thessaloniki Airport
Rank Destination Airport Monthly one-way capacity 2016 Airline(s)
1 Greece Athens ATH 65.298 Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Ryanair
2 Germany Munich MUC 16.678 Aegean Airlines
3 Germany Stuttgart STR 11.490 Aegean Airlines, Germanwings
4 Germany Berlin SXF 10.710 easyJet, Ryanair
5 Cyprus Larnaca LCA 9.826 Aegean Airlines, Blue Air, Cobalt Air, Ellinair
6 Greece Heraklion HER 9.798 Astra Airlines, Ellinair, Olympic Air
7 Turkey Istanbul IST 9.060 Turkish Airlines
8 Cyprus Paphos PFO 8.883 Ryanair
9 Germany Düsseldorf DUS 8.859 Aegean Airlines, Eurowings, Astra Airlines
10 Greece Chania CHQ 8.802 Olympic Air, Ryanair, Aegean Airlines
11 Germany Frankfurt FRA 8.406 Aegean Airlines, Astra Airlines, Condor, Ellinair
12 United Kingdom London LGW 8.304 easyJet, British Airways

Top Airlines[24][edit]

Monthly one-way capacity for 2016
Rank Airline Passengers vs 2015
1 Greece Aegean Airlines 105.348 Decrease8.8%
2 Republic of Ireland Ryanair 75.789 Decrease9.3%
3 United Kingdom Easyjet 15.888 Decrease1.8%
4 Greece Ellinair 15.408 Decrease51%
5 Germany Germanwings 11.760 Increase13.5%
6 Germany Air Berlin 10.578 Decrease51%
7 Greece Olympic Air (NEW) 10.062 -
8 Turkey Turkish Airlines 9.060 Increase4.9%
9 Serbia Air Serbia 5.820 Decrease2.1%
10 Netherlands Transavia 5.670 Increase0.7%
11 Greece Astra Airlines 5.284 Decrease54.3%
12 Austria Austrian Airlines 5.220 Increase26.3%

Ground transport[edit]

Thessaloniki Bus 01X
Macedonia Airport Express
0:00
TS KTEL BSicon BUS.svg
0:04
Balta
0:07
Zografou
New Railway Station OSE-Logo.svg
0:10
Kolomvou
0:12
Aristotelous Square
0:16
Kamara
0:19
Agia Fotini/University of Macedonia
University of Macedonia
0:22
Dimarhiako Megaro
0:23
Faliro
0:24
Laografiko Mousio
0:26
Megaro Mousikis/25 Martiou
25 Martiou
0:28
Periferiaki Enotita Thessalonikis
0:31
Krikela
0:35
Agora
0:44
Astinomia
0:46
Macedonia Airport Departures BSicon FLUG.svg
0:48
Macedonia Airport Arrivals BSicon FLUG.svg

Public Bus[edit]

Bus Number X1 that goes from-to Thessaloniki Airport, from-to Thessaloniki City Centre, Thessaloniki Train Station and Thessaloniki Bus Termianl

The airport is served on a 24-hour basis by Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization (OASTH);

Bus service runs every 20 – 25 minutes and the journey to the city center takes about 40 minutes:

To and from Chalkidiki Buses Terminal (KTEL), Thessaloniki City Centre and Thessaloniki Eastbound Destinations (via "IKEA" Transfer Point)

  • Bus Route Nr. 45 “Makedonia Buses Terminal – Chalkidiki Buses Terminal (KTEL)”
  • Bus Route Nr. X1: "AIRPORT - K.T.E.L."
  • Bus Route Nr. N1: "AIRPORT - K.T.E.L." (Night Service)
  • Bus Route Nr. 79 “ΙΚΕΑ – Airport”. Click here to find all information about route and the stations: http://oasth.gr/#en/masterinfo/list/78/73/

Single fare is €2. Tickets can be purchased by vending machines on board the service. On-board vending machines accept exact change only and they don´t give changes. Students from Greek universities and Senior citizens (65 years of age or older) are eligible for 50% reduction; children aged 6 and younger travel free of charge.

Metro[edit]

There are plans to connect the airport with the Thessaloniki Metro network, which is set to open in phases between 2020 and 2021. Attiko Metro, the company overseeing the project, has published a map of proposed extensions, and it includes an overground extension of Line 2 towards the airport.[27] This extension not an immediate concern for the company, however, since the terminus of Line 2, Mikra, will be connected with the airport by a 10-minute shuttle bus.[28]

Taxi[edit]

24/7 metered taxi service is available outside the "Makedonia" Airport Terminal building. The journey from (to) the Airport to (from) the centre of Thessaloniki is about 30 minutes, depending on traffic. The fare to the city center is fixed at 20 Euro. There is an 8 Euro surcharge for trips ending between midnight and 05.00 a.m. Luggage charges are waived.

Car[edit]

The airport is directly connected with the city's major road arteries in the southeast, the EO16 and the A25 (the Thessaloniki-Chalkidiki motorway) via the ΕΟ67; offering direct access via the Thessaloniki Inner Ring Road to the A1/E75 and A2/E90 motorways; making transportation to and from Thessaloniki Airport relatively easy. A total of 2,285 parking spaces for cars exist at the front of the terminal building.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

HA-LCR next to the airport fire station, in April 2018
  • On 12 August 1997, Olympic Airways Flight 171, a Boeing 727-230 registered as SX-CBI inbound from Athens Ellinikon Airport, touched down late and was steered off the runway to avoid overrunning into the sea. None of the 35 passengers and crew were killed, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[29]
  • On 17 December 1997, Aerosvit Flight 241, a Yakovlev Yak-42, operating the route from Odessa, Ukraine to Thessaloniki, lost contact with the airport's air traffic control and during the second attempt the aircraft crashed in the Pierian Mountains, near Mount Olympus. A total of 70 people, passengers and crew, 41 of which were Greeks, were killed.
  • On 4 July 2000, HA-LCR, a chartered Malév Flight 262 Tupolev Tu-154 landed on its belly. The crew had forgotten to lower the undercarriage and the plane skidded 400 m (1,300 ft) on the runway. Thanks to the plane's robust construction and the engines' high position, the plane was able to become airborne again as the pilots applied full throttle. It circled while the crew lowered the undercarriage and landed safely. There were no injuries. It was considered uneconomical to repair the aircraft. The aircraft still remains on site,[30] although airline markings have been obscured and it has been heavily depleted of re-usable spares.
  • On 15 June 2013, an AMC Airlines Boeing 737-800 on behalf of Astra Airlines Greece, registration SU-BPZ performing flight A2-921 from Novosibirsk (Russia) to Thessaloniki (Greece) with 160 passengers, landed on Thessaloniki's runway 16 at about 07:14L (04:14Z) but overran the end of the runway by about 110 meters/360 feet and came to a stop with all gear on soft ground. No injuries occurred, the aircraft received minor if any damage.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 12 July 2015. (Registration required (help)). 
  2. ^ "Thessaloniki Airport Air Traffic statistics". Retrieved 8 January 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"". Retrieved 24 January 2018. 
  4. ^ "Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Θεσσαλονίκης "Μακεδονία" (ΚΑΘΜ)". Retrieved 24 January 2018. 
  5. ^ Wind Direction and Degrees Archived 30 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Macedonia: New Name for Thessaloniki Airport". 
  7. ^ "Greece signs privatization of 14 regional airports with Germany's Fraport - TornosNews.gr". 
  8. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "REFILE-UPDATE 1-Greece signs major privatisation deal with..." 
  9. ^ "ΟΙ ΠΡΩΤΕΣ ΑΛΛΑΓΕΣ ΣΤΟΝ ΕΠΙΒΑΤΙΚΟ ΣΤΑΘΜΟ ΤΟΥ "ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ" (ΦΩΤΟ)". 
  10. ^ "Αεροδρόμιο Μακεδονία: Το 2019 μεταφέρεται η λειτουργία του νέου "υπερατλαντικού" διαδρόμου". Retrieved 24 February 2018. 
  11. ^ "Fraport Greece’s Development Plan for the New Era at the Greek Regional Airports", fraport-greece.com
  12. ^ "Fraport Greece and Intrakat Sign Agreements for Construction Projects at the 14 Regional Airports", fraport-greece.com
  13. ^ "Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"". 
  14. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/280344/aegean-airlines-s19-service-expansions-as-of-31aug18/
  15. ^ "Let's get going: Lufthansa offers six new tourist destinations departing from Frankfurt and Munich to escape the winter". 17 July 2018. 
  16. ^ https://corporate.ryanair.com/news/ryanair-launches-record-malta-summer-19-schedule/
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (12 September 2018). "El Al / Sun d'Or schedules new seasonal routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 September 2018. 
  18. ^ a b c "Flight Timetable". tui.co.uk. 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017. 
  19. ^ "WIZZ AIR ANNOUNCES AUSTRIAN BASE IN VIENNA WITH 3 BASED AIRCRAFT AND 17 NEW LOW-FARE ROUTES". wizzair.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2018. 
  20. ^ "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"", ypa.gr
  21. ^ "Traffic" (PDF). www.skg-airport.gr. 2018. 
  22. ^ "Air Traffic statistics - Thessaloniki Airport (SKG)". www.skg-airport.gr. 
  23. ^ "Air Traffic statistics - Thessaloniki Airport (SKG)". www.skg-airport.gr. 
  24. ^ "Thessaloniki Airport’s traffic is up 8.1% in 2016; handling 43% more passengers than it did in 2012; expansion plans delayed", anna.aero
  25. ^ "ΚΤΕΛ ΧΑΛΚΙΔΙΚΗΣ, χαλκιδικη δρομολογια συγκοινωνια, λεωφορείο, λεωφορεία, εισητήρια για χαλκιδική". www.ktel-chalkidikis.gr. 
  26. ^ tour, bus,. "ΚΤΕΛ ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ - Υπεραστικός σταθμός : Υπεραστικά λεωφορεία, πληροφορίες, εισιτήρια, δρομολόγια, προορισμοί - ΚΕΝΤΡΙΚΗ ΣΕΛΙΔΑ". Σταθμός ΚΤΕΛ ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ. 
  27. ^ Attiko Metro A.E. "Ιστορικό" [History]. www.ametro.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 17 August 2018. 
  28. ^ "Η Συνέντευξη τoυ Γιάννη Μυλόπουλου για το Μετρό Θεσσαλονίκης" [Giannis Mylopoulos' interview about the Thessaloniki Metro]. www.ypodomes.gr. Retrieved 12 August 2018. 
  29. ^ "Accident description Olympic Airways SX-CBI". www.aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  30. ^ "Photos: Tupolev Tu-154B-2 aircraft". www.airliners.net. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  31. ^ "Incident: AMC B738 at Thessaloniki on Jun 15th 2013, overran runway on landing". avherald.com. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Thessaloniki International Airport at Wikimedia Commons