Theta Ursae Minoris

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θ Ursae Minoris
Ursa Minor constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of θ Ursae Minoris (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Ursa Minor
Right ascension 15h 31m 25.05417s[1]
Declination +77° 20′ 57.6199″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.982[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type K5-III CN0.5[3]
B−V color index +1.553[2]
Variable type suspected[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)−25.3±0.5[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −47.55±0.37[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +5.33±0.43[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)3.81 ± 0.37[1] mas
Distance860 ± 80 ly
(260 ± 30 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−2.04[6]
Details
Radius4.8[7] R
Luminosity1,618[8] L
Surface gravity (log g)1.44±0.23[9] cgs
Temperature3,962±36[9] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]+0.18±0.06[9] dex
Other designations
θ UMi, 15 Ursae Minoris, BD+77° 592, FK5 3229, HD 139669, HIP 76008, HR 5826, SAO 8274[10]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Theta Ursae Minoris, Latinized from θ Ursae Minoris, is a suspected binary star system that is visible to the naked eye in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Minor. It is roughly 860 light years from Earth with an apparent visual magnitude of 5.0.[2] The system is moving closer to the Sun with a radial velocity of −25 km/s.[5]

This is a probable spectroscopic binary with two roughly equal components. [11] The spectrum matches a stellar classification of K5-III CN0.5,[3] which would normally indicate an evolved, orange-hued giant star of type K that has a mild overabundance of cyanogen in the outer atmosphere. The estimated diameter is around 4.8 times that of the Sun,[7] and it is radiating approximately 1,618[8] times the Sun's luminosity from an expanded photosphere at an effective temperature of 3,962 K.[9]

Photometry from the Hipparcos satellite mission shows that θ Ursae Minoris varies in brightness by a few hundredths of a magnitude. It is listed as NSV 20342 in the New Catalogue of Suspected Variable Stars.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c Høg, E.; et al. (2000). "The Tycho-2 catalogue of the 2.5 million brightest stars". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 355: L27. Bibcode:2000A&A...355L..27H. doi:10.1888/0333750888/2862. 
  3. ^ a b Keenan, P. C.; McNeil, R. C. (1989). "The Perkins catalog of revised MK types for the cooler stars". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 71: 245. Bibcode:1989ApJS...71..245K. doi:10.1086/191373. 
  4. ^ Perryman, M. A. C.; et al. (1997). "The Hipparcos Catalogue". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 323: L49–L52. Bibcode:1997A&A...323L..49P. 
  5. ^ a b de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Eilers, A.-C. (October 2012), "Radial velocities for the HIPPARCOS-Gaia Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 546: 14, arXiv:1208.3048Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..61D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219219, A61. 
  6. ^ Schiavon, Ricardo P. (July 2007), "Population Synthesis in the Blue. IV. Accurate Model Predictions for Lick Indices and UBV Colors in Single Stellar Populations", The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 171 (1): 146–205, arXiv:astro-ph/0611464Freely accessible, Bibcode:2007ApJS..171..146S, doi:10.1086/511753. 
  7. ^ a b Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; Pastori, L.; Covino, S.; Pozzi, A. (February 2001). "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 367: 521–24. arXiv:astro-ph/0012289Freely accessible. Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451. 
  8. ^ a b McDonald, I.; et al. (2012). "Fundamental Parameters and Infrared Excesses of Hipparcos Stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427 (1): 343–57. arXiv:1208.2037Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. 
  9. ^ a b c d Prugniel, Ph.; et al. (July 2011), "The atmospheric parameters and spectral interpolator for the MILES stars", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 531: 25, arXiv:1104.4952Freely accessible, Bibcode:2011A&A...531A.165P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201116769, A165. 
  10. ^ "* tet UMi". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  12. ^ Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/gcvs. Originally published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S.