Dhiego de Souza Martins is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays for Hong Kong Premier League club Southern. On 29 December 2011, South China announced that Dhiego Martins, alongside João Emir Porto Pereira and Yeo Jee-hoon, had joined the club, he made his debut for South China on 4 February 2012 at Mong Kok Stadium, scoring two goals to help the team secure a 4–2 win over Sunray Cave JC Sun Hei. On August 2014, Martins accepted a transfer move to the reigning Albanian champions, KF Skënderbeu Korçë. In June 2017, Dheigo was released by Pegasus and signed with Tai Po. On 26 May 2018, Dheigo moved to fellow HKPL club Southern. On 1 June 2019, Southern announced; as of 21 December 2015 Dhiego Martins at Soccerway
The Comoé National Park is a Biosphere Reserve and UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Zanzan and Savanes Districts of north-eastern Ivory Coast. It is the largest protected area in West Africa, with an area of 11,500 km2, ranges from the humid Guinea savanna to the dry Sudanian zone; this steep climatic north-south gradient allows the park to harbour a multitude of habitats with a remarkable diversity of life. Some animal and plant species find their last sanctuary in some of the different savanna types, gallery forests, riparian grasslands, rock outcrops or forest islands; the park was added as a World Heritage Site due to the diversity of plant life present around the Comoé River, including pristine patches of tropical rain forest that are only found further south. As a well-eroded plain between two large rivers, the land in the area is home to infertile soils and a moisture regime suitable to a richer biodiversity than surrounding areas. In 2003 it was added to the list of World Heritage Sites in Danger due to poaching, absence of management, overgrazing of the park by cattle, problems that intensified after the outbreak of the First Ivorian Civil War.
The 41st World Heritage Committee Session has decided to take Comoe National Park off the List of World Heritage in Danger following improvements in the conservation of its fauna and habitat. The area around the Comoé National Park was always sparsely populated. Most due to the relative barrenness of the soil, the presence of the river blindness disease around the Comoé river and the high density of Tsetse flies, a vector for sleeping sickness. In 1926 the area between the Comoé River and Bouna was declared "Refuge Nord de la Côte d'Ivoire", enlarged in 1942 and 53 to "Réserve de Faune de Bouna", giving it some rudimentary protection; the area west of the Comoé river was added to the property on 9 February 1968 combined with an elevation to National Park status with an area of 11,500 square kilometres, making it one of the 15 largest National Parks in the World and the largest in West Africa. In 1983 the park was pronounced a biosphere reserve and a UNESCO World Heritage site, due to its unique biodiversity.
After the outbreak of the first Ivorian civil war the park was listed as a World Heritage Site in Danger in 2003, due to absence of management leading to poaching and overgrazing of the park by cattle. During the time between the two civil wars the park suffered under intensive poaching. After the end of the Second Ivorian Civil War the park was able to recover again with the presence of the OIPR and the re-inauguration of the research station; the steep climatic north-south gradient comprises a multitude of habitats containing a remarkable diversity of life, making it the most biodiverse savanna in the world, ranges from the dry Sudanian zone to the comparatively humid Guinea Savanna. These habitats include for the most part different savannas, forest islands, gallery forests and riparian grasslands, thereby providing an ideal example of transitional habitats throughout various climatic zones; the Comoé river, flowing throughout Côte d'Ivoire allowed for various habitats and plant associations found further south to exist in the park, like patches of dense gallery forest in the vicinity of the river.
This variety of habitats throughout different zones and the vast area dedicated to the conservation of natural resources make it an ecological unit of particular importance and a UNESCO World heritage site. Geomorphologically the park consists of large plains through which the Comoé River and its tributaries flow; the Comoé river and its tributaries form the main drainage and the Comoé runs through the park for 230 kilometres, with watercourses draining to the Volta in the east. There are various permanent and semi permanent ponds distributed throughout the park, most of which dry out during the dry season; the soils are for the most part unsuitable for cultivation. Granite inselbergs rise up to 600 metres within the park's area. Comoé National Park has the most biodiverse savannah in the world and forms the northern limit for many animal species, like the yellow-backed duiker and bongo. There are a total of 135 mammal species in the park; this includes 11 species of primates like the olive baboon, green monkey, lesser spot-nosed monkey, Mona monkey and white colobus, olive colobus, white collared mangabey and chimpanzee.
A total of 17 carnivore species registered, but at least 3 species are believed to have become extinct in the park - cheetah, wild dog and most lion. There are 21 species of artiodactyl present in the park including hippopotamus, bongo, buffalo, red-flanked duiker, waterbuck, roan antelope and oribi. Threatened mammal species include the chimpanzee, white-collared mangabey, ursine colobus, African elephant, giant pangolin, long-tailed pangolin, African golden cat, Buffon kob, western hartebeest, Defassa waterbuck, bay duiker, yellow-backed duiker, olive colobus. There are over 500 species of birds, of which 20% are inter-African migratory birds and another 5% palearctic migratory birds; some prominent bird species include the Denham's bustard, yellow-casqued hornbill, brown-cheeked hornbill, black-winged stilt, various raptors, four of the six West African stork species and five vulture species. The park contains 36 out of the 38 of the iconic bird species found in Sudo-Guinean savannas; the Comoé river and its tributaries contain at least 60
Arx Fatalis is an action role-playing game for Xbox and Microsoft Windows, developed by Arkane Studios. Arx Fatalis is played from a first-person perspective and is set on a world whose sun has failed, forcing the above-ground creatures to take refuge in caverns. One game mechanic is the use of mouse gestures to cast spells. On 14 January 2011, Arkane Studios released a 1.21 patch and the game's source code under the terms of the GNU General Public License, though the game assets remain proprietary. Arx Fatalis is set on a world whose sun has failed, forcing the above-ground creatures to take refuge in caverns; the action in Arx Fatalis takes place in one of these large caves, where inhabitants from all races such as Trolls, Dwarves, etc. have made their homes on various levels of the cave. The player awakens inside a prison cell and, after making his escape discovers his mission is to subvert and imprison the God of Destruction, trying to manifest itself in Arx. Arx Fatalis has a somewhat open-ended gameplay style, allowing the player to allocate skill points for the character type such as spellcasting and armor, so on.
There are several side quests. Simple crafting involves enchanting ammunition and weapons, or creating items, such as a fishing rod, keyrings, or pies. Raw food can be cooked, like rounds of chicken drumsticks, or pies; the main plot line is non-linear with the player collecting the various items to forge a sword required to defeat Akbaa in a final showdown. Additional goals come up such as dealing with the rebels of Arx, the snake women and The King of Arx; the player can resolve the conflict between them all and experience several different endings to the conflict with different consequences somewhat affecting the story. There is no dialogue system in Arx Fatalis. Rather, the player is able to make choices through actions. There are multiple ways to finish quests and the player can progress through the game in several different ways. For example, the player can use force to kill enemies and break down doors, or they can use stealth and avoid enemies. One of the intuitive interfaces in Arx Fatalis is the spellcasting system.
Using the mouse and the control key, runes are drawn in mid-air with mouse gestures, which must be drawn, in order to cast a spell. The player can find or buy different runes as gameplay progresses, combinations of which unlock new spells; this gestural interface was simplified in the Xbox version to account for the limitations of the joypad. Each direction of the directional pad corresponds to a different mouse direction and different combinations of directions are entered with the directional pad to draw runes and correspondingly cast spells. A queue of up to 3 spells can be cast in advance, ready to be activated at the press of a button. There is an instant magic mode that allows the player to select the desired spell they want to cast from a list of learned spells during gameplay. In addition, Arx Fatalis supports a stealth mode, active when a stealth icon is visible on the interface. In stealth mode when a player is in dark or shadowy areas, non-player characters cannot see them; the design of Arx Fatalis was influenced by games from the now-defunct Looking Glass Studios Ultima Underworld.
Arkane Studios have stated that Arx Fatalis was intended to be Ultima Underworld III. Colantonio refused to accept this and instead had Arkane set out on the game in the spirit of Ultima Underworld. Colantonio had difficulty in getting a publisher. While the game was well received, it was considered a commercial failure. Arx Fatalis was released for Microsoft Windows in 2002 and for the Xbox in 2003. In April 2007, Arx Fatalis was released on the digital distribution platform Steam, followed by GOG.com in December 2008. On 14 January 2011, Arkane Studios released a 1.21 patch and the game's source code under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Based upon this source code the formed Arx Libertatis-project tries to fix bugs and incompatibilities and port the game to operating systems like Linux, FreeBSD and the OpenPandora handheld. Latest iteration of Arx Libertatis is 1.1 released in July 2013. Several fan-made translations of the game were created, e.g. to Polish and Korean. While the game was well received, it was considered a commercial failure.
The PC version of Arx Fatalis received "generally favourable reviews", while the Xbox version received "average" reviews, according to the review aggregation website Metacritic. Arx Fatalis was released after The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind and Neverwinter Nights, with reviewers stating that although it is not so open like Morrowind it will appeal to the fans that like Dungeon Crawler RPGs, paying homage to games like Ultima: Underworld. GameSpot's Greg Kasavin was pleased with the experience that PC version offered, stating that "Arx Fatalis is entertaining and great looking, it should appeal to fans of other atmospheric first-person games, including Thief: The Dark Project, System Shock 2, Deus Ex, let alone this year's Morrowind. Though marred by some technical issues (many
Niren Murthy is a professor of bioengineering at the University of California, Berkeley. His laboratory is focussed on the development of new materials for drug delivery and molecular imaging. Murthy began his career at Georgia Tech in 2003 and moved to U. C. Berkley in 2012, he did postdoctoral research in the Chemistry department at U. C. Berkeley from 2001-2003 and received a Ph. D. in Bioengineering from the University of Washington, Seattle in 2001. He was an assistant professor at Georgia Institute of Technology, in Biomedical Engineering from 2003-2012. Murthy is a co-founder and scientific advisor for Genedit Inc. the inventor of CRISPR-Gold and the scientific co-founder of Microbial Medical. In addition, BioAmp Diagnostics originated from technology developed in the Murthy laboratory. Dr. Murthy was a recipient of the NSF Career award in 2006 and won the Society for Biomaterials Young Investigator in 2009. Murthy’s laboratory focus on the development of molecular imaging and materials for drug delivery.
The laboratory has developed new biomaterials and imaging agents, which are designed to improve the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Murthy laboratory has developed reagents for detecting radical oxidants, like the hydrocyanines; the Murthy laboratory has been focussed on developing gene editing delivery vehicles and developed CRISPR-Gold in 2017, a delivery vehicle that could induce homology-directed DNA repair. Several new biomaterials and start-up companies have originated from the Murthy laboratory; the hydrocyanines were developed in the Murthy lab in 2009, are now one of the most used classes of ROS imaging probes. Hydrocyanines were licensed by Life Technologies and LI-COR Biosciences, are sold under the trade-names Cell-Rox and ROSSTAR. Official website
The lysocline is the depth in the ocean dependent upon the calcite compensation depth around 3.5 km, below which the rate of dissolution of calcite increases because of a pressure effect. While the lysocline is the upper bound of this transition zone of calcite saturation, the CCD is the lower bound of this zone. CaCO3 content in sediment varies with different depths of the ocean, spanned by levels of separation known as the transition zone. In the mid-depth area of the ocean, sediments are rich in CaCO3, content values reaching 85-95%; this area is spanned hundred meters by the transition zone, ending in the abyssal depths with 0% concentration. The lysocline is the upper bound of the transition zone, where amounts of CaCO3 content begins to noticeably drop from the mid-depth 85-95% sediment; the CaCO3 content drops to 10% concentration at the lower bound, known as the calcite compensation depth. Shallow marine waters are supersaturated in calcite, CaCO3, because as marine organisms die, they tend to fall downwards without dissolving.
As depth and pressure increases within the water column, calcite solubility increases, causing supersaturated water above the saturation depth, allowing for preservation and burial of CaCO3 on the seafloor. However, this created undersaturated seawater below the saturation depth, preventing CaCO3 burial on the sea floor as the shells start to dissolve; the equation Ω = Ca2+ + CO32-/K'sp expresses the CaCO3 saturation state of seawater. The calcite saturation horizon is where Ω =1; the lysocline is the depth that this dissolution impacts is again notable known as the inflection point with sedimentary CaCO3 versus various water depths. The calcite compensation depth occurs at the depth that the rate of calcite to the sediments is balanced with the dissolution flux, the depth at which the CaCO3 content are values 2-10%. Hence, the lysocline and CCD are not equivalent; the lysocline and compensation depth occur at greater depths in the Atlantic than in the Pacific, at greater depths in equatorial regions than in polar regions.
The depth of the CCD varies as a function of the chemical composition of the seawater and its temperature. It is the deep waters that are undersaturated with calcium carbonate because its solubility increases with increasing pressure and salinity and decreasing temperature; as the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide continues to increase, the CCD can be expected to decrease in depth, as the ocean's acidity rises. Biological pump Ocean acidification Carbonate compensation depth Carbonate pump