Third Fleet (United Kingdom)

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Third Fleet
Active 1 May 1912–1914
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Type Fleet

The Third Fleet was a reserve formation of the Royal Navy that briefly existed before the First World War.

History[edit]

Formed on 1 May 1912 from the 4th Division of the Home Fleet, its elderly ships were ordinarily only manned by a small maintenance crew during peacetime, but were intended to be manned by naval reservists when mobilised,[1] it was conducting a test mobilisation in July 1914 as tensions increased between Great Britain and Imperial Germany[2] and was only partially demobilised before full mobilisation was ordered on 2 August. At this time it consisted of the 7th and 8th Battle Squadrons of pre-dreadnought battleships and five squadrons of cruisers.[3]

Commanders[edit]

Rank Flag Name Term
Vice-Admiral Commanding Second Fleet [4]
1 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Frederick T. Hamilton December 1911-December 1913
2 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Cecil Burney December 1913-August 1914.

Components[edit]

Included [5]
Unit Notes
1 7th Battle Squadron (8 pre-dreadnoughts)
2 8th Battle Squadron (6 pre-dreadnoughts)
3 7th Cruiser Squadron (5 armoured cruisers)
4 9th Cruiser Squadron 8 armoured/protected cruisers)
5 10th Cruiser Squadron (7 protected cruisers)-from Training Squadron at Queenstown
4 11th Cruiser Squadron 5 protected cruisers)
5 12th Cruiser Squadron 4 protected cruisers)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Wragg, p. 24
  2. ^ Marder, p. 432
  3. ^ Corbett, pp. 13, 29
  4. ^ Government, H.M. (October 1913). "Flag Officers - Vice Admirals". The Navy List. H.M. Stationary Office. p. 87. 
  5. ^ Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 27 October, 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Corbett, Julian. Naval Operations to the Battle of the Falklands. History of the Great War: Based on Official Documents. I (2nd, reprint of the 1938 ed.). London and Nashville, Tennessee: Imperial War Museum and Battery Press. ISBN 0-89839-256-X. 
  • Marder, Arthur J. (2013) [1961]. From Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: The Royal Navy in the Fisher Era. I: The Road to War 1904–1914. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781-59114-259-1. 
  • Wragg, David (2006). Royal Navy Handbook 1914–1918. Stroud, UK: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-4203-7. 

External links[edit]