Third World

During the Cold War, the term Third World referred to the developing countries of Asia and Latin America, the nations not aligned with either the First World or the Second World. This usage has become popular in the western countries, due to the ending of the Cold War. In the decade following the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the term Third World was used interchangeably with developing countries, but the concept has become outdated as it no longer represents the current political or economic state of the world; the three-world model arose during the Cold War to define countries aligned with NATO, the Eastern Bloc, or neither. Speaking, "Third World" was a political, rather than an economic, grouping. French demographer and historian Alfred Sauvy, in an article published in the French magazine L'Observateur, August 14, 1952, coined the term Third World, referring to countries that were unaligned with either the Communist Soviet bloc or the Capitalist NATO bloc during the Cold War.

His usage was a reference to the Third Estate, the commoners of France who and during the French Revolution, opposed the clergy and nobles, who composed the First Estate and Second Estate, respectively. Sauvy wrote, "This third world ignored, despised like the third estate wants to be something." He conveyed the concept of political non-alignment with either the communist bloc. The term "Third World" arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO or the Communist Bloc; the United States, Japan, South Korea, Western European nations and their allies represented the First World, while the Soviet Union, China and their allies represented the Second World. This terminology provided a way of broadly categorizing the nations of the Earth into three groups based on political and economic divisions. Since the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, the term Third World has been used less and less, it is being replaced with terms such as developing countries, least developed countries or the Global South.

The concept itself has become outdated as it no longer represents the current political or economic state of the world. The Third World was seen to include many countries with colonial pasts in Africa, Latin America and Asia, it was sometimes taken as synonymous with countries in the Non-Aligned Movement. In the dependency theory of thinkers like Raúl Prebisch, Walter Rodney, Theotonio dos Santos, Andre Gunder Frank, the Third World has been connected to the world-systemic economic division as "periphery" countries dominated by the countries comprising the economic "core". Due to the complex history of evolving meanings and contexts, there is no clear or agreed-upon definition of the Third World; some countries in the Communist Bloc, such as Cuba, were regarded as "third world". Because many Third World countries were economically poor and non-industrialized, it became a stereotype to refer to poor countries as "third world countries", yet the "Third World" term is often taken to include newly industrialized countries like Brazil and China.

Some European countries were non-aligned and a few of these were and are prosperous, including Ireland, Sweden and Switzerland. The "Three Worlds Theory" developed by Mao Zedong is different from the Western theory of the Three Worlds or Third World. For example, in the Western theory and India belong to the Second and Third Worlds, but in Mao's theory, both China and India are part of the Third World which he defined as consisting of exploited nations. Mao hoped that the models formed in China and India would not only be emulated by societies in a similar position, but that they would provide inspiration to other different "third ways" to challenge the conflict between communism and capitalism. Third Worldism is a political movement that argues for the unity of third-world nations against first-world and second-world influence and the principle of non-interference in other countries' domestic affairs. Groups most notable for expressing and exercising this idea are the Non-Aligned Movement and the Group of 77 which provide a base for relations and diplomacy between not just the third-world countries, but between the third-world and the first and second worlds.

The notion has been criticized as providing a fig leaf for human-rights violations and political repression by dictatorships. Most Third World countries are former colonies. Having gained independence, many of these countries smaller ones, were faced with the challenges of nation- and institution-building on their own for the first time; the Bandung Conference of 1955 is a notable example of postcolonial states meeting shortly after gaining independence, with 29 countries considered to be in the Third World in attendance. Due to this common background, many of these nations were "developing" in economic terms for most of the 20th century, many still are; this term, used today denotes countries that have not developed to the same levels as OECD countries, are thus in the process of developing. In the 1980s, economist Peter Bauer offered a competing definition for the term "Third World", he claimed that the attachment of Third World status to a particular country was not based on any stable economic or political criteria, was a arbitrary process.

The large diversity of countries considered part of the Third World — from Indonesia to Afghanistan — ranged from economically primitive to economically advanced and fr

Live at the Fillmore East 1970

Live at the Fillmore East 1970, is the fourth live album by Ten Years After recorded in February 1970. This double-disc album features many rock and blues covers, such as Chuck Berry's "Sweet Little Sixteen", "Roll Over Beethoven" and Willie Dixon's "Spoonful", covered by Cream on their albums Fresh Cream and Wheels of Fire. Unlike Ten Years After studio album A Space In Time -, released next year, in 1971 - Live At The Fillmore East does not have as much of a pop sound, but more of a 1950s blues sound. "Love Like a Man" - 9:34 "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl" - 7:26 "Working On The Road" - 3:34 "The Hobbit" - 10:52 "50,000 Miles Beneath My Brain" - 9:58 "Skoobly-Oobley-Doobob" / "I Can't Keep From Crying Sometimes" / "Extension On One Chord" - 19:30 "Help Me" - 16:05 "I'm Going Home" - 11:57 "Sweet Little Sixteen" - 4:38 "Roll Over Beethoven" - 4:44 "I Woke Up This Morning" - 8:09 "Spoonful" - 8:00 Alvin Lee - Guitar, Vocals Chick Churchill - Organ Leo Lyons - Bass Ric Lee - Drums

USS Dolphin (SP-874)

The fifth USS Dolphin was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission during 1918. Dolphin was built as the civilian motorboat Ora Belle in 1911 by H. C. Carson Love. Used as a pleasure craft in the Charleston, South Carolina, she was renamed Dolphin; the US Navy acquired Dolphin on 21 July 1918 for World War. She was commissioned as USS Dolphin on 24 August 1918. Assigned to the 6th Naval District, Dolphin operated on section patrol based at Charleston, South Carolina, for the rest of World War I. Dolphin was returned to her owner on 16 December 1918. Dolphin should not be confused with USS Dolphin, a gunboat and dispatch vessel in commission at the time, or with USS Dolphin, a fishing vessel the US Navy considered for service as a patrol vessel in 1917 but never acquired from her owners; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. "Ora Belle. Renamed Dolphin. Served as USS Dolphin in 1918". Online Library of Selected Images: Civilian Ships.

Naval History & Heritage Command. Photo gallery of USS Dolphin at NavSource Naval History