Ira Gershwin was an American lyricist who collaborated with his younger brother, composer George Gershwin, to create some of the most memorable songs of the 20th century. With George he wrote more than a dozen Broadway shows, featuring songs such as "I Got Rhythm", "Embraceable You", "The Man I Love" and "Someone to Watch Over Me", he was responsible, along with DuBose Heyward, for the libretto to George's opera Porgy and Bess. The success the Gershwin brothers had with their collaborative works has overshadowed the creative role that Ira played, his mastery of songwriting continued, after the early death of George. He wrote additional hit songs with Kurt Weill, Harry Warren and Harold Arlen, his critically acclaimed 1959 book Lyrics on Several Occasions, an amalgam of autobiography and annotated anthology, is an important source for studying the art of the lyricist in the golden age of American popular song. Gershwin was born in New York City, the oldest of four children of Morris and Rose Gershovitz, who were Russian Jews, born in St Petersburg, who had emigrated to the US in 1891.
Ira's siblings were George and Frances. Morris changed the family name to "Gershwine". Shy in his youth, Ira spent much of his time at home reading, but from grammar school through college he played a prominent part in several school newspapers and magazines, he graduated in 1914 from Townsend Harris High School, a public school for intellectually gifted students, where he met Yip Harburg, with whom he enjoyed a lifelong friendship and a love of Gilbert and Sullivan. He dropped out; the childhood home of Ira and George Gershwin was in the center of the Yiddish Theater District, on the second floor at 91 Second Avenue, between East 5th Street and East 6th Street. They frequented the local Yiddish theaters. While George began composing and "plugging" in Tin Pan Alley from the age of 18, Ira worked as a cashier in his father's Turkish baths, it was not until 1921. Alex Aarons signed Ira to write the songs for his next show, Two Little Girls in Blue produced by Abraham Erlanger, along with co-composers Vincent Youmans and Paul Lannin.
So as not to appear to trade off George's growing reputation, Ira wrote under the pseudonym "Arthur Francis", after his youngest two siblings. His lyrics were well received, allowing him to enter the show-business world with just one show; the same year, the Gershwins collaborated for the first time on a score. It was not until 1924 that Ira and George teamed up to write the music for what became their first Broadway hit Lady, Be Good. Once the brothers joined forces, their combined talents became one of the most influential forces in the history of American Musical Theatre. "When the Gershwins teamed up to write songs for Lady, Be Good, the American musical found its native idiom." Together, they wrote the music for four films. Some of their more famous works include "The Man I Love", "Fascinating Rhythm", "Someone to Watch Over Me", "I Got Rhythm" and "They Can't Take That Away from Me", their partnership continued until George's sudden death from a brain tumor in 1937. Following his brother's death, Ira waited nearly three years before writing again.
After this temporary retirement, Ira teamed up with accomplished composers such as Jerome Kern. Over the next 14 years, Gershwin continued to write the lyrics for many film scores and a few Broadway shows, but the failure of Park Avenue in 1946 was his farewell to Broadway. As he wrote at the time, "Am reading a couple of stories for possible musicalization but I hope I don't like them as I think I deserve a long rest."In 1947, he took 11 songs George had written but never used, provided them with new lyrics, incorporated them into the Betty Grable film The Shocking Miss Pilgrim. He wrote comic lyrics for Billy Wilder's 1964 movie Kiss Me, although most critics believe his final major work was for the 1954 Judy Garland film A Star Is Born. American singer and musical historian Michael Feinstein worked for Gershwin in the lyricist's latter years, helping him with his archive. Several lost musical treasures were unearthed during this period, Feinstein performed some of the material. Feinstein's book The Gershwins and Me: A Personal History in Twelve Songs about working for Ira, George and Ira's music was published in 2012.
According to a 1999 story in Vanity Fair, Ira Gershwin's love for loud music was as great as his wife's loathing of it. When Debby Boone—daughter-in-law of his neighbor Rosemary Clooney—returned from Japan with one of the first Sony Walkmans, Clooney gave it to Michael Feinstein to give to Ira, "so he could crank it in his ears, you know, and he said,'This is wonderful!' And he called his broker and bought Sony stock!" Three of Ira Gershwin's songs were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song, though none won. Along with George S Kaufman and Morrie Ryskind, he was a recipient of the 1932 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Of Thee I Sing. In 1988 UCLA established The George and Ira Gershwin Lifetime Musical Achiev
Jimmy Van Heusen
James "Jimmy" Van Heusen was an American composer. He wrote songs for films and theater, won an Emmy and four Academy Awards for Best Original Song. Born in Syracuse, New York, Van Heusen began writing music while at high school, he renamed himself at age 16, after the shirt makers Phillips-Van Heusen, to use as his on-air name during local shows. His close friends called him "Chet". Studying at Cazenovia Seminary and Syracuse University, he became friends with Jerry Arlen, the younger brother of Harold Arlen. With the elder Arlen's help, Van Heusen wrote songs for the Cotton Club revue, including "Harlem Hospitality", he became a staff pianist for some of the Tin Pan Alley publishers, wrote "It's the Dreamer in Me" with lyrics by Jimmy Dorsey. Collaborating with lyricist Eddie DeLange, on songs such as "Heaven Can Wait", "So Help Me", "Darn That Dream", his work became more prolific, writing over 60 songs in 1940 alone, it was in 1940. Burke and Van Heusen moved to Hollywood and wrote for stage musicals and films throughout the 1940s and early 1950s, winning an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Swinging on a Star".
Their songs were featured in many Bing Crosby films including some of the Road films and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. He was a pilot of some accomplishment. Joe Hornsby sponsored Jimmy into an exclusive pilots club called the Quiet Birdmen which held meetings at Proud Bird restaurant at LAX and these men were lifelong friends until the 1970s. Jimmy worked, using his birth name, as a part-time test pilot for Lockheed Corporation in World War II. Van Heusen teamed up with lyricist Sammy Cahn, their three Academy Awards for Best Song were won for "All the Way" from The Joker Is Wild, "High Hopes" from A Hole in the Head, "Call Me Irresponsible" from Papa's Delicate Condition. Their songs were featured in Ocean's Eleven, which included Dean Martin's version of "Ain't That a Kick in the Head," and in Robin and the 7 Hoods, in which Frank Sinatra sang the Oscar-nominated "My Kind of Town." Cahn and Van Heusen wrote "Love and Marriage", "To Love and Be Loved", "Come Fly with Me", "Only the Lonely", "Come Dance with Me" with many of their compositions being the title songs for Frank Sinatra's albums of the late 1950s.
Van Heusen wrote the music for five Broadway musicals: Swingin' the Dream. While Van Heusen did not achieve nearly the success on Broadway that he did in Hollywood, at least two songs from Van Heusen musicals can legitimately be considered standards: "Darn That Dream" from Swingin' the Dream, he became an inductee of the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1971. Van Heusen composed over 800 songs. Van Heusen songs are featured in over twenty films. Although not considered handsome by conventional standards, Van Heusen was known to be quite a ladies' man. James Kaplan in his book Frank: The Voice wrote, "He played piano beautifully, wrote gorgeously poignant songs about romance...he had a fat wallet, he flew his own plane. Van Heusen was once described by Angie Dickinson, "You would not pick him over Clark Gable any day, but his magnetism was irresistible." In his 20s he began to shave his head. He once said "I would rather write songs than do anything else -- fly." Kaplan reported that he was a "hypochondriac of the first order" who kept a Merck manual at his bedside, injected himself with vitamins and painkillers, had surgical procedures for ailments real and imagined.
It was Van Heusen who rushed Sinatra to the hospital after Sinatra, in despair over the breakup of his marriage to Ava Gardner, slashed one of his wrists in a suicide attempt in November 1953. However, this event was never mentioned by Van Heusen in any print interviews given by him. Van Heusen married for the first time in 1969, at age 56, to Bobbe Brock one of the Brox Sisters and widow of the late producer Bill Perlberg. Van Heusen retired in the late 1970s and he died in Rancho Mirage, California, in 1990 from complications following a stroke, at the age of 77, his wife, survived him. Van Heusen is buried near the Sinatra family in Cathedral City, California, his grave marker reads Swinging on a Star. Van Heusen was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song 14 times in 12 different years, won four times: in 1944, 1957, 1959, 1963. Wins1944 – "Swinging on a Star" for Going My Way 1957 – "All the Way" for The Joker Is Wild 1959 – "High Hopes" for A Hole in the Head 1963 – "Call Me Irresponsible" for Papa's Delicate ConditionNominations1945 – "Sleigh Ride in July" from the film Belle of the Yukon 1945 – "Aren't You Glad You're You?" from the film Bells of St. Mary's 1955 – " The Tender Trap" introduced by Frank Sinatra in the film The Tender Trap 1958 – "To Love and Be Loved" for the film Some Came Running 1960 – "The Second Time Around" for the film High Time 1961 – "Pocketful of Miracles" for the film
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, notable as the home of the U. S. film industry, including several of its historic studios. Its name has come to be a shorthand reference for the people associated with it. Hollywood was incorporated as a municipality in 1903, it was consolidated with the city of Los Angeles in 1910 and soon thereafter, a prominent film industry emerged becoming the most recognizable film industry in the world. In 1853, one adobe hut stood in Nopalera, named for the Mexican Nopal cactus indigenous to the area. By 1870, an agricultural community flourished; the area was known as the Cahuenga Valley, after the pass in the Santa Monica Mountains to the north. According to the diary of H. J. Whitley known as the "Father of Hollywood", on his honeymoon in 1886 he stood at the top of the hill looking out over the valley. Along came a Chinese man in a wagon carrying wood; the man bowed. The Chinese man was asked what he was doing and replied, "I holly-wood," meaning'hauling wood.'
H. J. Whitley decided to name his new town Hollywood. "Holly" would represent England and "wood" would represent his Scottish heritage. Whitley had started over 100 towns across the western United States. Whitley arranged to buy the 480 acres E. C. Hurd ranch, they shook hands on the deal. Whitley shared his plans for the new town with General Harrison Gray Otis, publisher of the Los Angeles Times, Ivar Weid, a prominent businessman in the area. Daeida Wilcox learned of the name Hollywood from Ivar Weid, her neighbor in Holly Canyon and a prominent investor and friend of Whitley's, she recommended the same name to Harvey. H. Wilcox, who had purchased 120 acres on February 1, 1887, it wasn't until August 1887 Wilcox decided to use that name and filed with the Los Angeles County Recorder's office on a deed and parcel map of the property. The early real-estate boom busted at the end of that year. By 1900, the region had a post office, newspaper and two markets. Los Angeles, with a population of 102,479 lay 10 miles east through the vineyards, barley fields, citrus groves.
A single-track streetcar line ran down the middle of Prospect Avenue from it, but service was infrequent and the trip took two hours. The old citrus fruit-packing house was converted into a livery stable, improving transportation for the inhabitants of Hollywood; the Hollywood Hotel was opened in 1902 by H. J. Whitley, a president of the Los Pacific Boulevard and Development Company. Having acquired the Hurd ranch and subdivided it, Whitley built the hotel to attract land buyers. Flanking the west side of Highland Avenue, the structure fronted on Prospect Avenue, still a dusty, unpaved road, was graded and graveled; the hotel was to become internationally known and was the center of the civic and social life and home of the stars for many years. Whitley's company sold one of the early residential areas, the Ocean View Tract. Whitley did much to promote the area, he paid thousands of dollars for electric lighting, including bringing electricity and building a bank, as well as a road into the Cahuenga Pass.
The lighting ran for several blocks down Prospect Avenue. Whitley's land was centered on Highland Avenue, his 1918 development, Whitley Heights, was named for him. Hollywood was incorporated as a municipality on November 14, 1903, by a vote of 88 for and 77 against. On January 30, 1904, the voters in Hollywood decided, by a vote of 113 to 96, for the banishment of liquor in the city, except when it was being sold for medicinal purposes. Neither hotels nor restaurants were allowed to serve liquor before or after meals. In 1910, the city voted for merger with Los Angeles in order to secure an adequate water supply and to gain access to the L. A. sewer system. With annexation, the name of Prospect Avenue changed to Hollywood Boulevard and all the street numbers were changed. By 1912, major motion-picture companies had set up production in Los Angeles. In the early 1900s, most motion picture patents were held by Thomas Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company in New Jersey, filmmakers were sued to stop their productions.
To escape this, filmmakers began moving out west to Los Angeles, where attempts to enforce Edison's patents were easier to evade. The weather was ideal and there was quick access to various settings. Los Angeles became the capital of the film industry in the United States; the mountains and low land prices made Hollywood a good place to establish film studios. Director D. W. Griffith was the first to make a motion picture in Hollywood, his 17-minute short film In Old California was filmed for the Biograph Company. Although Hollywood banned movie theaters—of which it had none—before annexation that year, Los Angeles had no such restriction; the first film by a Hollywood studio, Nestor Motion Picture Company, was shot on October 26, 1911. The H. J. Whitley home was used as its set, the unnamed movie was filmed in the middle of their groves at the corner of Whitley Avenue and Hollywood Boulevard; the first studio in Hollywood, the Nestor Company, was established by the New Jersey–based Centaur Company in a roadhouse at 6121 Sunset Boulevard, in October 1911.
Four major film companies – Paramount, Warner Bros. RKO, Columbia – had studios in Hollywood, as did several minor companies and rental studios. In the 1920s, Hollywood was the fifth-largest industry in the nation. By the 1930s, Hollywood studios became vertically integrated, as production and exhibition was controlled by these companies, enabling Hollywood to produce 600 films per year. H
Political life of Frank Sinatra
Throughout his life, Frank Sinatra, the musician and actor, was involved in many different political activities in the United States. He held positive views toward African Americans at a time when much of the United States still had segregation. Sinatra held differing political views throughout his life. Sinatra's parents had immigrated to the United States in 1897, respectively, his mother, Dolly Sinatra, was a Democratic Party ward leader. After sending a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt in support of the president's stewardship, Sinatra was invited to meet Roosevelt at the White House, where he agreed to become part of the Democratic party's voter registration drives, campaigned for the Democrats in the 1944 presidential election, he contributed $7500 directly to the Democratic campaign fund, was quoted by a Democratic flyer as saying " will make Young America's dream a reality". He made national broadcasts on the radio in support, spoke at Carnegie Hall, spoke at Madison Square Garden on October 29, 1944, a week before the election.
According to Jo Carroll Silvers, in his younger years Sinatra had "ardent liberal" sympathies, was "so concerned about poor people that he was always quoting Henry Wallace". He was outspoken on racism towards blacks and Italians from early on. In November 1945 Sinatra was invited by the mayor of Gary, Indiana to try to settle a strike by white students of Froebel High School against the "Pro-Negro" policies of the new principal. Sinatra outraged the mayor with his remarks about how to address the problem, which he compared it to the racial policies of Nazism, criticized the people involved in the dispute who had nothing to do with the school, his comments, while praised by liberal publications, led to accusations by some that he was a Communist. Sinatra responded by saying: "I don't like Communists, I have nothing against any organization except the Knights of Columbus". In the 1948 presidential election, Sinatra campaigned for President Harry S. Truman. In 1952 and 1956, he campaigned for Adlai Stevenson.
Of all the U. S. Presidents he associated with during his career, he was closest to John F. Kennedy. Sinatra invited Kennedy to Hollywood and Las Vegas, the two would womanize and enjoy parties together. Kennedy enjoyed hearing inside gossip about their romances from him. In 1960 Sinatra and his friends — Peter Lawford, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr. - campaigned for Kennedy throughout the United States. In January 1961 Sinatra and Peter Lawford organized the Inaugural Gala in Washington, DC, held on the evening before President Kennedy was sworn into office; the event, featuring many notable entertainment figures, was an enormous success, raising a large amount of money for the Democratic Party. Sinatra's move toward the Republican Party seems to have begun when he was snubbed by President Kennedy in favor of Bing Crosby, a fellow singer and a Republican, for Kennedy's visit to Palm Springs, in 1962. Kennedy had planned to stay at Sinatra's home over the Easter holiday weekend, but decided to stay with Crosby because of Sinatra's alleged connections to organized crime.
Sinatra had invested a lot of his own money in upgrading the facilities at his home in anticipation of the President's visit, fitting it with a heliport and building a large guest house to seat 40 people. Sinatra was fuming and "deeply humiliated" at being rejected, smashing up the concrete of the heliport himself with a sledgehammer, he blamed Lawford and Bobby Kennedy for the decision, created a rift between Lawford and the other Rat Pack members, cutting him out of subsequent films. Yet Sinatra never said a bad word about Kennedy himself, despite the humiliation and change in political affiliation, he still mourned when Kennedy was assassinated. According to his daughter Nancy, Sinatra learned of Kennedy's assassination while filming a scene of Robin and the 7 Hoods in Burbank. Sinatra finished filming the scene, returned to his Palm Springs home, sobbed in his bedroom for three days; when he learned that Kennedy's killer Lee Harvey Oswald had watched Suddenly just days before the assassination, he withdrew it from circulation, it only became distributed again in the late 1980s.
Sinatra remained a supporter of the Democratic Party until the early 1970s when he switched his allegiance to the Republican Party as the Democratic Party under George McGovern took a sharp turn to the left, in conflict with his more traditional values. The first sign of Sinatra's break from the Democratic Party came in 1970 when he endorsed Ronald Reagan for a second term as Governor of California. In July 1972, after a lifetime of supporting Democratic presidential candidates, Sinatra announced he could not support the left-ward turn of the party and its candidate, George McGovern, would therefore support Republican U. S. President Richard Nixon for re-election in the 1972 presidential election, his switch to the Republican Party was now official. Sinatra said. During Nixon's Presidency, Sinatra visited the White House on several occasions. From the late 1960s onward, Sinatra was outspoken about various conflicts in the Middle East. On the eve of the Six-Day War in 1967 he sent a wire to President Lyndon Johnson "urging him to condemn the'outrageous' actions of Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser".
He gave a concert at th
The Complete Capitol Singles Collection
The Complete Capitol Singles Collection is a 1996 box set by the American singer Frank Sinatra. This four-disc set contains all the singles —A-sides and B-sides—that Sinatra recorded for Capitol Records between 1953 and 1960. Among them are duets with Bing Crosby, Keely Smith, June Hutton, the Nuggets, who provided vocal backing at a 1955 session where Sinatra made two forays into rock'n' roll; those songs, along with about 20 others, make their first appearance on compact disc with this set. The packaging includes many photographs, detailed session notes, a long essay by Will Friedwald, who explains that Sinatra followed a "singles aesthetic" that set these songs quite apart from the "concept" albums he was recording for Capitol. "Lean Baby" - 2:33 "I'm Walking Behind You" – 2:58 "I've Got the World on a String" – 2:14 "My One and Only Love" – 3:14 "Anytime, Anywhere" – 2:45 "From Here to Eternity" – 3:01 "I Love You" – 2:28 "South of the Border" – 2:52 "Take a Chance" – 2:40 "Young at Heart" – 2:53 "Don't Worry'bout Me" - 3:07 "I Could Have Told You" – 3:18 "Rain" – 3:27 "Three Coins in the Fountain" – 3:07 "The Gal That Got Away" – 3:12 "Half as Lovely" – 3:09 "It Worries Me" – 2:55 "When I Stop Loving You" – 2:56 "White Christmas" - 2:37 "The Christmas Waltz" – 3:03 "Someone to Watch Over Me" – 2:59 "You, My Love" – 2:56 "Melody of Love" - 3:02 "I'm Gonna Live Till I Die" - 1:54 "Why Should I Cry over You?"
– 2:41 "Don't Change Your Mind About Me" - 2:44 "Two Hearts, Two Kisses" - 2:23 "From the Bottom to the Top" - 2:22 "If I Had Three Wishes" – 2:56 "Learnin' the Blues" – 3:04 "Not as a Stranger" – 2:47 "How Could You Do a Thing Like That to Me" – 2:44 "Same Old Saturday Night" – 2:31 "Fairy Tale" – 2:59 "Love and Marriage" – 2:41 "The Impatient Years" – 3:14 " The Tender Trap" – 3:00 "Weep They Will" - 3:19 "You'll Get Yours" - 2:28 "Flowers Mean Forgiveness" - 3:07 " How Little We Know" – 2:44 "Five Hundred Guys" - 2:50 "Wait for Me" - 2:54 "You're Sensational" - 3:54 "Well, Did You Evah!" - 3:46 "Mind if I Make Love to You?" - 2:24 "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?" - 2:07 "You Forgot All the Words" - 3:20 "Hey! Jealous Lover" – 2:24 "Your Love for Me" - 2:59 "Can I Steal a Little Love?" - 2:32 "So Long, My Love" – 2:50 "Crazy Love" - 2:54 "Something Wonderful Happens in Summer" – 3:16 "You're Cheatin' Yourself" – 2:38 "All the Way" – 2:55 "Chicago" - 2:12 "Witchcraft" – 2:54 "Tell Her You Love Her" - 3:01 "The Christmas Waltz" - 3:04 "Mistletoe and Holly" - 2:18 "Nothing In Common" - 2:31 "How Are Ya' Fixed for Love?"
- 2:26 "Same Old Song and Dance" – 2:54 "Monique" - 3:18 "Mr. Success" - 2:42 "Sleep Warm" – 2:43 "No One Ever Tells You" – 3:28 "To Love and Be Loved" – 2:58 "Time After Time" - 3:31 "French Foreign Legion" – 2:03 "All My Tomorrows" – 3:15 "High Hopes" – 2:43 "They Came to Cordura" - 3:02 "Talk to Me" – 3:04 "River, Stay'Way from My Door" – 2:39 "It's Over, It's Over, It's Over" – 2:42 "This Was My Love" – 3:28 "Nice'n' Easy" – 2:45 "You'll Always Be the One I Love" – 2:59 "Old McDonald Had a Farm" – 2:42 "My Blue Heaven" – 2:03 "Sentimental Baby" - 2:38 "Sentimental Journey" – 3:26 "American Beauty Rose" – 2:22 "The Moon Was Yellow" - 3:02 "I've Heard That Song Before" – 2:33 "Five Minutes More" – 2:36 "I'll Remember April" - 2:50 "I Love Paris" (
Swing Easy! is the eighth studio album by Frank Sinatra. It was released in 1954 as a 10" album and consisted of only eight songs, as each side of the record only allowed fourteen minutes of music; the album was Sinatra's second for the first to feature arrangements by Nelson Riddle. As its title implies, the record concentrates on up-tempo swingers done with a light touch. Again, the songs were all standards -- "Just One of Those Things," "Wrap Your Troubles in Dreams," "All of Me" -- which the singer felt benefited from the new thematic setting, new arrangements, his playful and textured vocal style. In 1955, the eight songs were combined with the eight songs from the 10" album Songs for Young Lovers on a new, 16 song, 12" LP called Swing Easy!, featuring the Swing Easy! Cover but including a miniature inset of the Songs for Young Lovers cover. In 1961, the 1954, 8 song, 10" album was re-released as a 12 song, 12" LP with four additional songs added to expand the running time: "Lean Baby", "I Love You", "How Could You Do A Thing Like That To Me?", "Why Should I Cry Over You?".
"Just One of Those Things" "I'm Gonna Sit Right Down" "Sunday" "Wrap Your Troubles in Dreams" "Taking a Chance on Love" "Jeepers Creepers" "Get Happy" "All of Me" "Jeepers Creepers" "Taking a Chance on Love" "Wrap Your Troubles in Dreams" "Lean Baby" "I Love You" "I'm Gonna Sit Right Down" "Get Happy" "All of Me" "How Could You Do a Thing Like That to Me" "Why Should I Cry Over You?" "Sunday" "Just One of Those Things" Frank Sinatra – vocals Nelson Riddle – arranger, conductorTracks 1, 2, 3, 4: Harry Edison. Tracks 5, 6, 7, 8: Harry Edison.
Frank Sinatra filmography
Frank Sinatra was an American singer and producer, one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century. Over the course of his acting career he created a body of work that one biographer described as being "as varied and rewarding as that of any other Hollywood star". Sinatra began his career as a singer in his native Hoboken, New Jersey, but increasing success led to a contract to perform on stage and radio across the United States. One of his earliest film roles was in the 1935 short film Major Bowes' Amateur Theatre of the Air, a spin off from the Major Bowes Amateur Hour radio show, he appeared in a full-length film in an uncredited cameo singing performance in Las Vegas Nights, singing "I'll Never Smile Again" with Tommy Dorsey's The Pied Pipers. His work with Dorsey's band led to appearances in the full-length films Las Vegas Nights and Ship Ahoy; as Sinatra's singing career grew, he appeared in larger roles in feature films, several of which were musicals, including three alongside Gene Kelly: Anchors Aweigh, On the Town and Take Me Out to the Ball Game.
As his acting career developed further, Sinatra produced several of the film's in which he appeared, directed one—None but the Brave—which he produced and in which he starred. Sinatra's film and singing careers had declined by 1952, when he was out-of-contract with both his record company and film studio. In 1953 he re-kindled his film career by targeting serious roles: he auditioned for—and won—a role in From Here to Eternity for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture. Other serious roles followed, including a portrayal of an ex-convict and drug addict in The Man with the Golden Arm, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor and the British Academy Film Award for the Best Actor in a Leading Role. Sinatra received numerous awards for his film work, he won the Golden Globe for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for Pal Joey, was nominated in the same category for Come Blow Your Horn.
Three of the films in which Sinatra appears, The House I Live In, The Manchurian Candidate and From Here to Eternity —have been added to the Library of Congress's National Film Registry. The House I Live In—a film that opposes anti-Semitism and racism—was awarded a special Golden Globe and Academy Award. In 1970, at the 43rd Academy Awards, Sinatra was presented with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. DeMille Award