Thoas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Thoas (/ˈθəs/; Ancient Greek: Θόας), son of Andraemon and Gorge, was one of the heroes who fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War.

Mythology[edit]

He was a former suitor of Helen of Troy and led a group of forty ships for the Aetolians,[1][2] one of the larger contingents; the Iliad states that he received his lordship because the previous dynasty of Oineus and Meleagros had perished, so the power to rule was bestowed on him.[3] He was one of the nine volunteers to fight Hector in one-to-one combat, but lost in the drawing of lots to Telamonian Aias.[4]

In the Iliad, Poseidon impersonates Thoas to rally Idomeneus so that he will prevent Hector, who had just killed the sea god's grandson, and his forces from routing the Argives.[5] Later, when Hector has broken through to the ships and the Trojan advance is pressing hard upon them, Thoas advises the Greeks' best warriors to take a stand against Hector and the advancing Trojans in order to allow the rest of the Greek army to retreat to safety.[6] In the Aeneid, Aeneas names Thoas as one of those Greeks hidden within the Trojan Horse.[7]

He plays a role in a story told by Odysseus, in the Odyssey.[8]

Some say that Odysseus, after being exiled from Ithaca by Neoptolemus, came to Thoas and married his daughter, by whom he had a son, Leontophonus.[9]

Calydonian family tree[edit]

DorusAetolusPronoeAmythaon
XanthippePleuronCalydonAeolia
SteropeStratoniceLaophonteAgenorEpicasteCleoboeaProtogeneiaAres
EurytePorthaonDemoniceThestiusEurythemisOxylus
OeneusAlthaeaToxeusEvippusPlexippusEurypylusLeda
PeriphasToxeusDeianiraGorgePerimedePhoenixOeclesHypermnestra
ClymenusMelanippeThoasAstypalaeaPoseidonPolyboeaIphianeiraAmphiaraus
MothoneAgelausAncaeusEurypylusClytie
ThyreusEurymedeHeraclesChalciope
MeleagerThessalus

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Homer, Iliad 2.638–644
  2. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 97 (which says 15 ships)
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad 2.641–3
  4. ^ Homer, Iliad 7.168
  5. ^ Homer, Iliad 13.215 ff.
  6. ^ Homer, Iliad 15.281 ff.
  7. ^ Virgil, Aeneid 2.262
  8. ^ Homer, Odyssey 14.7
  9. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca Epitome of Book 4.7.40

References[edit]