Lady Jane Grey
Lady Jane Grey known as Lady Jane Dudley and as "the Nine Days' Queen", was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553. Jane was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII through his younger daughter Mary, was a first cousin once removed of Edward VI, she had an excellent humanist education and a reputation as one of the most learned young women of her day. In May 1553, she married Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of Edward's chief minister John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. In June 1553, Edward VI wrote his will, nominating Jane and her male heirs as successors to the Crown, in part because his half-sister Mary was Roman Catholic, while Jane was a committed Protestant and would support the reformed Church of England, whose foundation Edward claimed to have laid; the will removed his half-sisters and Elizabeth, from the line of succession on account of their illegitimacy, subverting their claims under the Third Succession Act. After Edward's death, Jane was proclaimed queen on 10 July 1553 and awaited coronation in the Tower of London.
Support for Mary grew quickly, most of Jane's supporters abandoned her. The Privy Council of England changed sides and proclaimed Mary as queen on 19 July 1553, deposing Jane, her primary supporter, her father-in-law the Duke of Northumberland, was accused of treason and executed less than a month later. Jane was held prisoner at the Tower and was convicted in November 1553 of high treason, which carried a sentence of death—though Mary spared her life. However, Jane soon became viewed as a threat to the Crown when her father, Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, got involved with Wyatt's rebellion against Queen Mary's intention to marry Philip II of Spain. Both Jane and her husband were executed on 12 February 1554. Lady Jane Grey was the eldest daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, his wife, Frances; the traditional view is that she was born at Bradgate Park in Leicestershire in October 1537, while more recent research indicates that she was born somewhat earlier in London, in late 1536 or in the spring of 1537.
Frances was the elder daughter of Mary. Jane had Lady Catherine and Lady Mary. Jane received a humanist education, studying Latin and Hebrew with John Aylmer, Italian with Michelangelo Florio. Through the influence of her father and her tutors, she became a committed Protestant and corresponded with the Zürich reformer Heinrich Bullinger. Jane preferred book studies to hunting parties and regarded her strict upbringing, typical of the time, as harsh. To the visiting scholar Roger Ascham, who found her reading Plato, she is said to have complained: For when I am in the presence either of father or mother, whether I speak, keep silence, stand or go, drink, be merry or sad, be sewing, dancing, or doing anything else, I must do it as it were in such weight and number so as God made the world. In early February 1547, Jane was sent to live in the household of Edward VI's uncle, Thomas Seymour, who soon married Henry VIII's widow, Catherine Parr. Jane lived with the couple until Catherine's death in childbirth in September 1548.
Lady Jane acted as chief mourner at Catherine Parr's funeral. Seymour's brother, the Lord Protector, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, felt threatened by Thomas' popularity with the young King Edward. Among other things, Thomas Seymour was charged with proposing Jane as a bride for the king. In the course of Thomas Seymour's following attainder and execution, Jane's father was lucky to stay out of trouble. After his fourth interrogation by the King's Council, he proposed his daughter Jane as a bride for the Protector's eldest son, Lord Hertford. Nothing came of this and Jane was not engaged until the spring of 1553, her bridegroom being Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland; the Duke, Lord President of the King's Council from late 1549, was the most powerful man in the country. On 25 May 1553, the couple were married at Durham House in a triple wedding, in which Jane's sister Catherine was matched with the heir of the Earl of Pembroke, Lord Herbert, another Katherine, Lord Guildford's sister, with Henry Hastings, the Earl of Huntingdon's heir.
The Third Succession Act of 1544 restored Henry VIII's daughters and Elizabeth, to the line of succession, although they were still regarded as illegitimate. Furthermore, this Act authorised Henry VIII to alter the succession by his will. Henry's will reinforced the succession of his three children, declared that, should none of them leave descendants, the throne would pass to heirs of his younger sister, which included Jane. For unknown reasons, Henry excluded Jane's mother, Frances Grey, from the succession, bypassed the claims of the descendants of his elder sister, who had married into the Scottish royal house and nobility. Both Mary and Elizabeth had been named illegitimate by statute during the reign of Henry VIII after his marriages to Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn had been declared void; when the 15-year-old Edward VI lay dying in the early summer of
Gilbert Burnet was a Scottish philosopher and historian, Bishop of Salisbury. He was fluent in Dutch, Latin and Hebrew. Burnet was respected as a cleric, a preacher, an academic, a writer and a historian, he was always associated with the Whig party, was one of the few close friends in whom King William III confided. Burnet was born at Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1643, the son of Robert Burnet, Lord Crimond, a Royalist and Episcopalian lawyer, who became a judge of the Court of Session, of his second wife Rachel Johnston, daughter of James Johnston, sister of Archibald Johnston of Warristoun, a leader of the Covenanters, his father was his first tutor until he began his studies at the University of Aberdeen, where he earned a Master of Arts in Philosophy at the age of thirteen. He studied law before changing to theology, he travelled for several years. He visited Oxford, London, the United Provinces and France, he studied Hebrew under a Rabbi in Amsterdam. By 1665 he returned to Scotland and was ordained in the Church of Scotland by the bishop of Edinburgh.
In 1664 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. He began his ministry in the rural church at East Saltoun, East Lothian, served this community devoutly for four years. In 1669, without his being asked, he was named to the vacant chair of Divinity at the University of Glasgow. At first he declined, he was offered, but declined, a Scottish bishopric. In 1672 or 1673 he married Lady Margaret Kennedy, daughter of the Earl of Cassilis, many years his senior; the great differences between the couple in age and fortune caused them to keep the marriage secret for a considerable time. Burnet's motives for marriage were not mercenary, seeing as he entered into what has been described as an early form of "pre-nuptial agreement" by which he renounced any claim to his wife's money. Burnet himself recalled that they had been good friends for several years, but that in his view such a close friendship between a single man and a single woman could not continue indefinitely unless they married; the marriage seems to have been happy, despite their lack of children.
He was to have numerous children by marriages. In view of the unsettled political times, he moved to London. In London, his political and religious sentiments prompted him to support the Whigs, his energetic and bustling character led him to take an active part in the controversies of the time, he endeavoured to bring about a reconciliation between Episcopacy and Presbytery. At Court, where his brother Thomas was a royal physician, he gained the favour of Charles II, from whom he received various preferments, he described Charles shrewdly as a man who, despite his affable manner and famed courtesy, was at heart the archetypal cynic: "he has a ill opinion of men and women, so is infinitely distrustful... he thinks the world is governed wholly by interest". Burnet noted that this attitude was quite understandable, given the King's experiences in the English Civil War and the Interregnum, which had shown him when he was still young the "baseness of human nature". Like many other observers he noted Charles's remarkable self-control: "he has a strange command of himself: he can pass from business to pleasure, from pleasure to business, in so easy a manner that all things seem alike to him."
He recorded some of the King's most memorable sayings, such as "Appetites are free, Almighty God will never damn a man for allowing himself a little pleasure". During the Popish Plot, when Queen Catherine was accused of treason, the King confided to Burnet his feelings of guilt about his ill-treatment of the Queen, "who is incapable of doing a wicked thing", his resolve not to abandon her, his wish to live a more moral life in future. Burnet, for his part, told the King frankly that he was wrong to believe that the Earl of Shaftesbury had any part in the charges of treason made against the Queen: Shaftesbury, well aware of the Queen's great popularity with the English ruling class, was too shrewd a statesman to make such a serious political misjudgment; as regards the reality of the Plot itself, while the King became a total sceptic on the subject, Burnet captures Charles's first reaction to the accusations neatly enough: "among so many particulars I do not know but there may be some truth."
Burnet himself was neither a sceptic about, nor a convinced believer in the Plot. Like most sensible Protestants he believed that there had been a Catholic conspiracy of some sort, but he had grave doubts about the veracity of the informers Titus Oates, while he regarded Israel Tonge, the co-author of the Plot, as insane, he recognised the danger that innocent people might be falsely accused, it is notable that he praised the Catholic martyr Oliver Plunkett, Archbishop of Armagh, nowadays the best-known victim of the Plot, as a good and innocent man, destroyed by the malice of his personal enemies. He argued that the first victim of the Plot, the young Catholic banker William Staley, was innocent, although his narrative of Staley's trial was undoubtedly coloured by his detestation of William Carstares, the Crown's chief witness at Staley's trial. Whether the Catholic nobleman William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford, executed for treason in
Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich
Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, was Lord Chancellor during the reign of King Edward VI of England from 1547 until January 1552. He was the founder of Felsted School with its associated alms houses in Essex in 1564, he was a beneficiary of suppression of the monasteries, a persecutor and torturer of those opposed to the established Church of England. According to some sources, Rich was born in the London parish of St Lawrence Jewry, the second son of Richard Rich by Joan Dingley, but according to Carter, he was born at Basingstoke, the son of John Rich, of Penton Mewsey, a wife named Agnes whose surname is unknown. Early in 1551 he was described in an official document as'fifty-four years of age and more', was therefore born about 1496 or earlier. According to Sergeaunt: "The origin of the family of Lord Rich has been matter of some discussion... The first of the family of whom there is definite information was Richard Rich, a wealthy mercer of London and Sheriff of the City in 1441; the date of his death is given by Burke as 1469, but it would seem that he has been confounded with his son John, buried in the Mercer’s chapel in that year.
The family remained in the city, the son of John Rich was also a mercer. To him was born sometime between 1480 and 1490 a son whom he named Richard", he had a brother, granted a messuage in Bucklersbury by Henry VIII on 24 February 1539, who died in 1557. Little is known of his early life, he may have studied at Cambridge before 1516. In 1516 he entered the Middle Temple as a lawyer and at some point between 1520 and 1525 he was a reader at the New Inn. By 1528 we wrote to Cardinal Wolsey; as Audley's career advanced in the early 1530s so did Rich's through a variety of legal posts, before he became prominent in the mid-1530s. Other preferments followed, in 1533 he was knighted and became Solicitor General, in which capacity he was to act under Thomas Cromwell as a "lesser hammer" for the demolition of the monasteries, to secure the operation of Henry VIII's Act of Supremacy, he had a share in the trials of Bishop John Fisher. In both cases his evidence against the prisoner included admissions made in friendly conversation, in More's case the words were given a misconstruction that could hardly be other than wilful.
While on trial, More said that Rich was "always reputed light of his tongue, a great dicer and gamester, not of any commendable fame." Rich would play a major part in the fall of Cromwell. As King's Solicitor, Rich travelled to Kimbolton Castle in January 1536 to take the inventory of the goods of Catherine of Aragon, wrote to Henry advising how he might properly obtain her possessions. On 19 April 1536, Rich became the chancellor of the Court of Augmentations, established for the disposal of the monastic revenues, his own share of the spoil, acquired either by grant or purchase, included Leez Priory and about a hundred manors in Essex. Rich acquired—and destroyed—the real estate and holdings of the Priory of St Bartholomew-the-Great in Smithfield, he built the Tudor-style gatehouse still surviving in London as the upper portion of the Smithfield Gate. He was Speaker of the House of Commons in the same year, advocated the king's policy. In spite of the share he had taken in the suppression of the monasteries, the prosecution of Thomas More and Bishop Fisher and of the part he was to play under Edward VI and Elizabeth, his religious beliefs remained nominally Roman Catholic.
Rich was a participant in the torture of Anne Askew, the only woman to be tortured at the Tower of London. Both he and Chancellor Wriothesley turned the wheels of the rack to torture her with their own hands. Rich was an assistant executor of the will of King Henry VIII, received a grant of lands, he became Baron Rich of Leez on 26 February 1547. In the next month he succeeded Wriothesley as chancellor, he supported Protector Somerset in his reforms in church matters, in the prosecution of his brother Thomas Seymour, in the rest of his policy until the crisis of October 1549, when he deserted to Warwick. He resigned his office in January 1552. Rich took part in the prosecution of bishops Stephen Gardiner and Edmund Bonner, had a role in the harsh treatment accorded to the future Mary I of England. However, Mary on her accession showed no ill-will to Rich. Lord Rich took an active part in the restoration of the old religion in Essex under the new reign, was one of the most active of persecutors.
His reappearances in the privy council were rare during Mary's reign. He died at Rochford in Essex, on 12 June 1567, was buried in Felsted church. In Mary's reign he had founded a chaplaincy with provision for the singing of masses and dirges, the ringing of bells in Felsted church. To this was added a Lenten allowance of herrings to the inhabitants of three parishes; these donations were transferred in 1564 to the foundation of Felsted School for instruction for children born on the founder's manors, in Latin and divinity. The patronage of the school remained in the family of the founder until 1851. Rich's descendants were to form the powerful Rich family, lasting for three centuries, acquiring several titles in the Peerage of England and intermarrying with numerous other noble families. By his wife Elizabeth Jenks he had fifteen children; the eldest son Robert, second Baron Rich, supported the Reformation. One grandson, Ri
Bishop of Ely
The Bishop of Ely is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Ely in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers the county of Cambridgeshire, together with a section of north-west Norfolk and has its episcopal see in the City of Ely, where the seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity; the current bishop is Stephen Conway, who signs +Stephen Elien:. The diocesan bishops resided at the Bishop's Palace, Ely until 1941. Conway became Bishop of Ely in 2010, translated from the Diocese of Salisbury where he was Bishop suffragan of Ramsbury; the roots of the Diocese of Ely are ancient and the area of Ely was part of the patrimony of Saint Etheldreda. Prior to the elevation of Ely Cathedral as the seat of the diocese, it existed as first as a convent of religious sisters and as a monastery, it was led by first by an abbess and by an abbot. The convent was founded in the city in 673. After St Etheldreda's death in 679 she was buried outside the church, her remains were translated inside, the foundress being commemorated as a great Anglican saint.
The monastery, much of the city of Ely, were destroyed in the Danish invasions that began in 869 or 870. A new Benedictine monastery was built and endowed on the site by Saint Athelwold, Bishop of Winchester, in 970, in a wave of monastic refoundations which included Peterborough and Ramsey. In the Domesday Book in 1086, the Bishop of Ely is referenced as a landholder of Foxehola; this became a cathedral in 1109, after a new Diocese of Ely was created out of land taken from the Diocese of Lincoln. From that time the line of bishops begins; the earliest historical notice of Ely is given by the Venerable Bede who writes: "Ely is in the province of the East Angles, a country of about six hundred families, in the nature of an island, enclosed either with marshes or waters, therefore it has its name from the great abundance of eels which are taken in those marshes."This district was assigned in 649 to saint Æthelthryth, daughter of Anna, king of the East Angles, as a dowry in her marriage with Tonbert of the South Girvii.
After her second marriage to Ecgfrith of Northumbria, she became a nun, in 673 returned to Ely and founded a monastery on the site of the present cathedral. As endowment she gave it her entire principality of the isle, from which subsequent Bishops of Ely derived their temporal power. Æthelthryth died in 679 and her shrine became a place of pilgrimage. In 870 the monastery was destroyed by the Danes, having given to the Church four sainted abbesses, Æthelthryth and her sister Seaxburgh, the latter's daughter Ermenilda, Ermenilda's daughter Werburgh. Under their rule there was a community of monks as well as a convent of nuns, but when in 970 the monastery was restored by King Edgar and Ethelwold it was a foundation for monks only. For more than a century the monastery flourished, about the year 1105 Abbot Richard suggested the creation of the See of Ely, to relieve the enormous Diocese of Lincoln; the pope's brief erecting the new bishopric was issued 21 November 1108, on 17 October 1109 King Henry I granted his charter, the first bishop being Hervé le Breton, or Harvey, former Bishop of Bangor.
The monastery church thus became one of the "conventual" cathedrals. Of this building the transepts and two bays of the nave existed, in 1170 the nave as it stands to-day was finished; as the bishops succeeded to the principality of St Etheldreda they enjoyed palatine power and great resources. The Bishops of Ely held high office in the State and the roll includes many names of famous statesmen, including eight Lord Chancellors and six Lord Treasurers; the Bishops of Ely spent much of their wealth on their cathedral, with the result that Ely can show examples of Gothic architecture of many periods. Another Bishops Palace was in Wisbech on the site of the former Wisbech Castle, they had a London residence called Ely Place. Among the bishops Geoffry Riddell built the nave and began the west tower, Eustace the West Porch, while Hugh de Northwold rebuilt the Norman choir and John Hotham rebuilt the collapsed central tower – the famous Octagon. Hugh de Balsham founded Peterhouse, the first college at the University of Cambridge, while John Alcock was the founder of Jesus College and completed the building of the bishops palace at Wisbech, commenced in 1478 by his predecessor John Morton Archbishop of Canterbury.
Goodrich was a reformer and during his episcopate the monastery was dissolved. The last bishop in communion with the see of Rome was Thomas Thirlby. Since the Reformation, notable bishops have included Lancelot Andrewes, Matthew Wren, Peter Gunning and Simon Patrick. Etheldreda Seaxburh Ermenilda Werburh? Brythnoth Ælfsige Leofwine Leofric Leofsige Wulfric Thurstan – the last Saxon abbot Theodwin Godfrey Simeon – began building the cathedral Ranulf Flambard Richard FitzRichard de Clare – the last abbot Hervey, Bishop of Bangor From on, Ely was under the Bishop of Ely. Fryde, E. B.. Handbook
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
Corpus Christi College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. It is notable as the only college founded by Cambridge townspeople: it was established in 1352 by the Guild of Corpus Christi and the Guild of the Blessed Virgin Mary, making it the sixth-oldest college in Cambridge. With around 250 undergraduates and 200 postgraduates, it has the second smallest student body of the traditional colleges of the University; the College has traditionally been one of the more academically successful colleges in the University of Cambridge. In the unofficial Tompkins Table, which ranks the colleges by the class of degrees obtained by their undergraduates, Corpus's 2012 position was 3rd, with 32.4% of its undergraduates achieving first-class results. The college's average position between 2003 and 2012 was 9th, in the most recent rankings, it was placed 10th. Corpus ranks among the wealthiest Cambridge colleges in terms of fixed assets, being exceptionally rich in silver; the College's endowment was valued at £90.9M at the end of June 2017, while its net assets were valued at £227.4M.
The guild of Corpus Christi was founded in Cambridge in 1349 by William Horwode, Henry de Tangmere, John Hardy in response to the Black Death. They determined to found a new college in the University of Cambridge, the sixth in the University's history; the same year the new guild merged with an older guild, the Guild of the Blessed Virgin Mary, decimated by the Plague. The united guilds acquired land in the centre of town and their patron, the Duke of Lancaster, applied to King Edward III for a licence to found a new college, granted in 1352. Construction began of a single modest court near the parish church and in 1356 it was ready to house the Master and two fellows; the college's statutes were drawn up in 1356. The united guild merged its identity with the new college, which acquired all the guild's lands and revenues; the grandest of these ceremonies was the annual Corpus Christi procession: a parade through the streets to Magdalene Bridge, the host carried by a priest and several of the college's treasures carried by the Master and fellows, before returning for an extravagant dinner.
The parade continued until the English Reformation, when the Master, William Sowode, put a stop to it in 1535. The college continues to have a grand dinner on the feast day of Corpus Christi, the Thursday after Trinity Sunday; the newly constructed court could house 22 students. The statutes laid down the rules governing the behaviour of fellows only. Students were not part of the foundation at this stage and would not come within the scope of the statutes for another 200 years. In its early centuries, the college was poor and so could not construct new buildings, it had no chapel, so the members worshipped in St Bene't's Church next door. From the late 14th century through to the 19th century during the Reformation when Catholic references were discouraged, Corpus was known as St Benet's College. By 1376 it possessed 55 books, many more would be donated or bequeathed over the succeeding centuries, most those donated in the 16th century by Archbishop Matthew Parker, celebrated by the college as its greatest benefactor.
During the Peasants' Revolt in 1381, the college was sacked by a mob of townspeople led by the mayor which, according to the college, carried away its plate as well as its charter to be burned while gutting the rest of the college buildings. Corpus was the only University college, although by no means the only University building, to be attacked; the revolt, which took place during the Corpus Christi week, focused on the college as centre of discontent due to its rigid collection of "candle rents". The college claimed £80 in damages. In 1460 during the Wars of the Roses, the college paid for armaments including artillery and arrows, protective clothing to defend the college's treasures from a "tempestuous riot". Elizabeth, Duchess of Norfolk, her sister Lady Eleanor Botelar née Talbot, believed by some to have been secretly married to Edward IV, endowed the college with scholarships in the 1460s and financed repairs to the college buildings; as a monument a'talbot', the heraldic supporter of the Talbot family, was placed on the gable of Old Court and can still be seen today.
At the same time the Master, Thomas Cosyn, built the college's first chapel and a passageway between Old Court and St Bene't's Church. Over the next few centuries, garret rooms were added in Old Court increasing student numbers. Although spared the worst of the religious tumult that the Reformation brought to England, the college produced adherents and indeed martyrs to both traditions. Notable are William Sowode who cancelled the Corpus Christi procession, St Richard Reynolds, martyred by Henry VIII and Thomas Dusgate and George Wishart who were both burned as Protestants, it was during this time. He donated his unrivalled library to much silver plate and its symbol, the pelican. In order to ensure the safety of his collection Parker inserted into the terms of his endowment one which stated that if any more than a certain number of books were lost, the rest of the collection would pass first to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge and to Trinity Hall, Cambridge; every few years, representatives from both of those colleges ceremonially inspect the collection for any losses.
Parker placed a similar condition on the silv
Bishop of Lincoln
The Bishop of Lincoln is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Lincoln in the Province of Canterbury. The present diocese covers the county of Lincolnshire and the unitary authority areas of North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire; the bishop's seat is located in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the city of Lincoln. The cathedral was a minster church founded around 653 and refounded as a cathedral in 1072; until the 1530s the bishops were in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church. The historic medieval Bishop's Palace lies to the south of the cathedral in Palace Yard. A residence on the same site was converted from office accommodation to reopen in 2009 as a 16-bedroom conference centre and wedding venue, it is now known as Edward King House and provides offices for the bishops and diocesan staff. A 14-bedroom house on Eastgate was the official residence in use from 1948 until 2011, when the bishop's office staff and home were separated, allowing the incoming bishop, Christopher Lowson, to live in a modern five-bedroom house.
The Anglo-Saxon dioceses of Lindsey and Leicester were established when the large Diocese of Mercia was divided in the late 7th century into the bishoprics of Lichfield and Leicester, Worcester and Lindsey. The historic Bishop of Dorchester was a prelate who administered the Diocese of Dorchester in the Anglo-Saxon period; the bishop's seat, or cathedra, was at the cathedral in Dorchester-on-Thames in Oxfordshire. In the 660s the seat at Dorchester-on-Thames was abandoned, but in the late 670s it was once more a bishop's seat under Ætla, under Mercian control; the town of Dorchester again became the seat of a bishop in around 875, when the Mercian Bishop of Leicester transferred his seat there. The diocese merged with that of Lindsey in 971; the first bishops of Leicester were prelates who administered an Anglo-Saxon diocese between the 7th and 9th centuries. The bishopric fell victim to the invasion by the Danes and the episcopal see was transferred to Dorchester-on-Thames in Oxfordshire; the dioceses of Lindsey and Leicester continued until the Danish Viking invasions and establishment of the Danelaw in the 9th century.
The see of Leicester was transferred to Dorchester, now in Oxfordshire, sometime between 869 and 888. After an interruption, the see of Lindsey was resumed until it was united with the bishopric of Dorchester in the early 11th century; the diocese was the largest in England, extending from the River Thames to the Humber Estuary. In 1072, Remigius de Fécamp moved the see of Dorchester to Lincoln, but the bishops of Lincoln retained significant landholdings within Oxfordshire; because of this historic link, for a long time Banbury remained a "peculiar" of the Bishop of Lincoln. Until the 1530s the bishops were in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church. During the English Reformation they changed their allegiance back and forth between the crown and the papacy. Under Henry VIII and Edward VI, the bishops conformed to the Church of England, but under Mary I they adhered to the Roman Catholic Church. Since the English Reformation, the bishops and diocese of Lincoln have been part of the reformed Church of England and the Anglican Communion.
The dioceses of Oxford and Peterborough were created in 1541 out of parts of the Diocese of Lincoln. The county of Leicestershire was transferred from Lincoln to Peterborough in 1837. For precursor offices, see Bishop of Lindsey, Bishop of Leicester and Bishop of Dorchester Kirby, D. P.. The Earliest English Kings. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-24211-8
East Kirkby is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 7 miles south-east from Horncastle, on the A155 road. East Kirkby 13th century Grade II * listed; the church tower and nave arcades are of Decorated style, the chancel screen, Perpendicular. In the south aisle is a 14th-century slab to Sir Robert Sylkestone, founder of the chantry. A Wesleyan chapel was established in 1862. East Kirkby was the birthplace of Goodricke. Goderich was Bishop of Ely and Lord High Chancellor of England from 1551. East Kirkby has a disused 1820 Grade II listed tower mill; the village's public house is the Red Lion on Fen Lane. The Prime Meridian passes just to the east of East Kirkby through the former RAF East Kirkby airfield, which has a meridian marker; the airfield was a Second World War Royal Air Force station, part of which now houses the Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre. Media related to East Kirkby at Wikimedia Commons Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre East Kirkby Mill