Tabaluga is a media franchise featuring a fictional little green Dragon of the same name, created by German Rock musician Peter Maffay, children's songwriter Rolf Zuckowski and the author Gregor Rottschalk. The artist Helme Heine drew the image of Tabaluga as it is known; the character Tabaluga was first introduced by Peter Maffay in a musical fairy tale Tabaluga... oder die Reise zur Vernunft in 1983. This first studio album was the step to success: within the next years some Helme Heine books, four sequel concept studio albums, two resounding tours, a stage musical, Tabaluga und Lilli, based on the third concept album and many TV Cartoons which have been broadcasting in over 100 countries round the world followed and a children's game show. Over 100 kindergartens and child care groups carry the word "Tabaluga" in their names. Tabaluga inhabits the fictional province of Greenland, he is about 8 dragon-years old. His father Tyrion died. Little is known about his mother. Following his father's death, Tabaluga was the last of the dragons and styled the crown-prince of Greenland, a place inhabited by talking animals of many different species.
Tabaluga must defend his home from two rival kingdoms on either side of Greenland. The musical "Tabaluga & Lilli" celebrated its premiere on 24 September 1999 in the TheatrO CentrO, ran there until 30 June 2001; the little dragon managed to unite the High Society of German musical actors, with stars such as Andreas Bieber, Ross Antony, Paul Kribbe, Carolin Fortenbacher 1983: "Tabaluga oder... Die Reise zur Vernunft", first concept album 1986: "Tabaluga und das leuchtende Schweigen", second concept album published in the UK 1988 as "Tabaluga and the Magic Jadestone" 1993: "Tabaluga und Lilli", third concept album 2002: "Tabaluga und das verschenkte Glück", fourth concept album 2011: "Tabaluga und die Zeichen der Zeit", fifth concept album In Tabaluga tivi, a television game show, you will see the little green dragon Tabaluga, his friend Happy, his enemy Arktos as well as the Penguin Butler "James". In the show, two teams play against each other in 5 competition rounds to win prizes for themselves, to win the contents of a treasure chest, which they can donate to their school, a children's home, etc.
The broadcast is transmitted by ZDF and KI. KA. In Summer 2005 the show celebrated its 400th transmission; the show is made for ZDF in co-production with Munich Production Company MingaMedia and is made in the Bavaria-Studios in Unterföhring, near Munich. Tabaluga Tabaluga Official site The Tabaluga Foundation Tabaluga Cartoon Series Synopsis on ASO
The new economy is the result of the transition from a manufacturing-based economy to a service-based economy. This particular use of the term was popular during the dot-com bubble of the late 1990s; the high growth, low inflation and high employment of this period led to overly optimistic predictions and many flawed business plans. A 1983 cover article in Time, "The New Economy", described the transition from heavy industry to a new technology based economy. By 1997, Newsweek was referring to the "new economy" in many of its articles. After a nearly 25-year period of unprecedented growth, the United States experienced a much discussed economic slowdown beginning in 1972. However, around 1995, U. S. economic growth accelerated. From 1972 to 1995, the growth rate of output per hour, a measure of labor productivity, had only averaged around one-percent per year, but by the mid 1990s, growth became much faster: 2.65 percent from 1995–99. America experienced increased employment and decreasing inflation.
The economist Robert J. Gordon referred to this as a Goldilocks economy—-the result of five positive "shocks"—–"the two traditional shocks and the three new shocks"Other economists pointed to the ripening benefits of the computer age, being realized after a delay much like that associated with the delayed benefits of electricity shortly after the turn of the twentieth century. Gordon contended in 2000, that the benefits of computers were marginal or negative for the majority of firms, with their benefits being consolidated in the computer hardware and durable goods manufacturing sectors, which only represent a small segment of the economy, his method relied on applying sized gains in the business cycle to explain aggregate productivity growth. According to another point of view, the "new economy" is a current Kondratiev wave which will end after a 50-year period in the 2040s, its innovative basis includes Internet, nanotechnologies and bionics. In the financial markets, the term has been associated with the Dot-com bubble.
This included the emergence of the NASDAQ as a rival to the New York Stock Exchange, a high rate of IPOs, the rise of Dot-com stocks over established firms, the prevalent use of tools such as stock options. In the wider economy the term has been associated with practices such as outsourcing, business process outsourcing and business process re-engineering. At the same time, there was a lot of investment in companies in the technology sector. Stock shares rose dramatically. A lot of start-ups were created and the stock value was high where floated. Newspapers and business leaders were starting to talk of new business models; some claimed that the old laws of economics did not apply anymore and that new laws had taken their place. They claimed that improvements in computer hardware and software would change the future, that information is the most important value in the new economy. Some, such as Joseph Stiglitz and Blake Belding, have suggested that a lot of investment in information technology in software and unused fibre optics, was useless.
However, this may be too harsh a judgment, given that U. S. investment in information technology has remained strong since 2002. While there may have been some overinvestment, productivity research shows that much of the investment has been useful in raising output; the recession of 2001 disproved many of the more extreme predictions made during the boom years, gave credence to Gordon's minimization of computers' contributions. However, subsequent research suggests that productivity growth has been stimulated by heavy investment in information and communication technology. Online retailers Crowdfunding web sites Mass customization manufacturers – 3D printing, design-your-own web sites for sneakers, clothing Social media Sharing economy companies Bicycle sharing system Carsharing and short-term rental companies such as Zipcar Transportation network companies such as Lyft, Uber and Bridj Garden sharing Peer-to-peer lending of money Short term property rental companies such as Airbnb Online media companies, such as Netflix Online dating services Online advertising, from free classifieds like craigslist.org to paid-placement like Google AdWords Asset-based economy Long tail Knowledge economy Information revolution Deindustrialization Post-industrial economy Georg Erber & Harald Hagemann: "The New Economy in a Growth Crisis" ISBN 0-415-33608-2 After the New Economy, by Doug Henwood ISBN 1-56584-770-9 The New Economy in a Transatlantic Perspective: Spaces of Innovation, ed. Kurt Hübner, Routledge Studies in Governance and Change in the Global Era, Routledge, 2005.]
Richard Sennett: The Culture of the New Capitalism, Yale University Press, 2006. "The Roaring Nineties – A new history of the world's most prosperous decade," Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2003. Michel Volle, e–conomie, Economica, 2000, ISBN 2-7178-4073-7 Laffey, D.. The Rise and Fall of the Dot Com Enterprises. In: Burke, A. ed. Modern Perspectives on Entrepreneurship. Ireland: Senate Hall Academic Publishing, ch. 6. Porter, M.. Strategy and the Internet. Harvard Business Review.
Expo 2000 was a World's Fair held in Hanover, Germany from Thursday 1 June to Tuesday 31 October 2000. It was located on the Hanover fairground, the largest exhibition ground in the world; some 40 million people were expected to attend the exhibition over the course of months, however with less than half of this number the fair was a flop and turned out a financial failure. The fair's masterplan was designed in a joint venture with Studio d'Arnaboldi / Cavadini, Locarno and AS&P. On 14 June 1990 the international world's fair organization Bureau International des Expositions awarded Expo 2000 to Hanover, beating out Toronto by a 21 to 20 vote. In 1992, the architects Studio Arnaboldi/Cavadini of Locarno won an international design competition for the masterplan of the exhibition grounds. On 12 June that year, a survey conducted by the city council was made public showing only 51.5% of area residents supported hosting the expo. On 5 May 1994 a new company was created by the government in Bonn, Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung und Durchführung der Weltausstellung EXPO 2000 in Hannover.
Headed by chairman Helmut Werner, the company was responsible for the construction and management of the fair. In 1995 the supervisory board agreed on the concept for the thematics of the fair. Construction began on 22 April 1996. Unlike previous expos, which focused on present advances in science and technology, EXPO 2000 focused more on developing and presenting solutions for the future; the fair opened to the public on Thursday 1 June 2000 and ran for five months, ending on Tuesday 31 October. The Expo site was situated on the original 1,000,000 square meters of the Hanover fairground; as a visitor walked in and tickets were taken, looking above to the four-story-high ceiling, a visitor would have noticed the huge circular pods that held large TVs showing animated people greeting the visitors and providing tourist information in different languages. Some ten large McDonald's restaurants were built, along with restaurants representing several of the exhibitor countries. Small retail locations were set up to supply Expo merchandise.
The United States reversed its decision to take part at a late stage, the area set aside for the American pavilion was left undeveloped. 40,000,000 visitors were expected at Expo 2000. This led to a financial deficit of about $600,000,000. With pre-ordered tickets priced at 69 DM, the fair seemed expensive compared to other days out. Commentator Georg Giersberg wrote in the Frankfurter Allgemeine that entrance fees for Germany's 53 main theme parks cost on average less than half the price of the Expo. Other financial shortfalls came from a lack of corporate sponsorship, since it cost US$4.8 million to be an official product supplier or US$14.5 million to become a world partner. Part of the failure of the Expo was a lack of clear perception of what to expect at Expo 2000, not helped by a "cerebral" advertising campaign that had failed to explain what the Expo was for. In a 2000 Time article, a Berlin-based marketing firm, Scholz & Friends, stated that "the organizers have failed to convey to the public a clear image of what Expo 2000 is going to be: an entertainment park, a blown-up museum, or a nature reserve."
In the same article, Ralf Strobach, secretary of Hanover's Citizens' Initiative for Environment Protection, said that "For a long time, companies were unsure if they would be putting money in an eco-show or a showcase for their latest inventions." Only after the fair was open and not meeting expectations was a new advertising campaign created, aimed at the domestic market with British actor Peter Ustinov and German television star Verona Feldbusch and stressing the fun side of the Expo, under the slogan "Das gibt's nur einmal, es kommt nie wieder". The German band Kraftwerk created a vocoded speech signature theme, "Expo 2000", developed into a single of the same name. A remix single "Expo Remix" was released; the band was paid US$190,000 for a five-second jingle, leading Chancellor Gerhard Schröder to state that he "wouldn't have spent so much money". The western slope of Kronsberg emerged in the late 1990s in conjunction with the EXPO 2000, established an environmental point of settlement at the Hannover Expo.
The district is a result of independent evolutionary history and unique structure perceived as a separate district. The 21st Century Planet of Visions Human Knowledge Mobility Communication Energy Health Nutrition Environment Basic Needs Future of Labour In total, 155 nations took part; some are outlined below: – The Bhutan Pavilion A Buddhist Temple brought from Bhutan to the World Exhibition in Hannover, having been prefabricated in 16,000 construction parts in Bhutan. Finland – Titled "Wind Nest", the building was created by architects Sarlotta Narjus and Antti-Matti Siikala. Four-storey twin buildings measuring 50 x 7.5 m each were clad in heat-treated thermowood. The two buildings were connected by bridges, allowing visitors to move amongst the three exhibit halls on the first two stories. A 15 m wide birch forest was created. Germany – Designed by architect Wund Gruppe, the 24,000 m² building was the largest nation pavilion at Expo. Japan – The Japanese Pavilion was a gridshell structure made out of recycled paper tubes that created a honeycomb-like building.
The German authorities refused to allow a paper-only structure held together at the joints by tape, so a secondary supporting structure made of wood was created to obtain the needed
The euro is the official currency of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union. This group of states is known as the eurozone or euro area, counts about 343 million citizens as of 2019; the euro is the second largest and second most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar. The euro is subdivided into 100 cents; the currency is used by the institutions of the European Union, by four European microstates that are not EU members, as well as unilaterally by Montenegro and Kosovo. Outside Europe, a number of special territories of EU members use the euro as their currency. Additionally, 240 million people worldwide as of 2018 use currencies pegged to the euro; the euro is the second largest reserve currency as well as the second most traded currency in the world after the United States dollar. As of August 2018, with more than €1.2 trillion in circulation, the euro has one of the highest combined values of banknotes and coins in circulation in the world, having surpassed the U.
S. dollar. The name euro was adopted on 16 December 1995 in Madrid; the euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit at a ratio of 1:1. Physical euro coins and banknotes entered into circulation on 1 January 2002, making it the day-to-day operating currency of its original members, by March 2002 it had replaced the former currencies. While the euro dropped subsequently to US$0.83 within two years, it has traded above the U. S. dollar since the end of 2002, peaking at US$1.60 on 18 July 2008. In late 2009, the euro became immersed in the European sovereign-debt crisis, which led to the creation of the European Financial Stability Facility as well as other reforms aimed at stabilising and strengthening the currency; the euro is managed and administered by the Frankfurt-based European Central Bank and the Eurosystem. As an independent central bank, the ECB has sole authority to set monetary policy; the Eurosystem participates in the printing and distribution of notes and coins in all member states, the operation of the eurozone payment systems.
The 1992 Maastricht Treaty obliges most EU member states to adopt the euro upon meeting certain monetary and budgetary convergence criteria, although not all states have done so. The United Kingdom and Denmark negotiated exemptions, while Sweden turned down the euro in a 2003 referendum, has circumvented the obligation to adopt the euro by not meeting the monetary and budgetary requirements. All nations that have joined the EU since 1993 have pledged to adopt the euro in due course. Since 1 January 2002, the national central banks and the ECB have issued euro banknotes on a joint basis. Euro banknotes do not show. Eurosystem NCBs are required to accept euro banknotes put into circulation by other Eurosystem members and these banknotes are not repatriated; the ECB issues 8% of the total value of banknotes issued by the Eurosystem. In practice, the ECB's banknotes are put into circulation by the NCBs, thereby incurring matching liabilities vis-à-vis the ECB; these liabilities carry interest at the main refinancing rate of the ECB.
The other 92% of euro banknotes are issued by the NCBs in proportion to their respective shares of the ECB capital key, calculated using national share of European Union population and national share of EU GDP weighted. The euro is divided into 100 cents. In Community legislative acts the plural forms of euro and cent are spelled without the s, notwithstanding normal English usage. Otherwise, normal English plurals are sometimes used, with many local variations such as centime in France. All circulating coins have a common side showing the denomination or value, a map in the background. Due to the linguistic plurality in the European Union, the Latin alphabet version of euro is used and Arabic numerals. For the denominations except the 1-, 2- and 5-cent coins, the map only showed the 15 member states which were members when the euro was introduced. Beginning in 2007 or 2008 the old map is being replaced by a map of Europe showing countries outside the Union like Norway, Belarus, Russia or Turkey.
The 1-, 2- and 5-cent coins, keep their old design, showing a geographical map of Europe with the 15 member states of 2002 raised somewhat above the rest of the map. All common sides were designed by Luc Luycx; the coins have a national side showing an image chosen by the country that issued the coin. Euro coins from any member state may be used in any nation that has adopted the euro; the coins are issued in denominations of €2, €1, 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, 1c. To avoid the use of the two smallest coins, some cash transactions are rounded to the nearest five cents in the Netherlands and Ireland and in Finland; this practice is discouraged by the Commission, as is the practice of certain shops of refusing to accept high-value euro notes. Commemorative coins with €2 face value have been issued with changes to the design of the national side of the coin; these include both issued coins, such as the €2 commemorative coin for the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome, nationally i
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles are four fictional teenaged anthropomorphic turtles named after Italian artists of the Renaissance. They were trained by their anthropomorphic rat sensei in the art of ninjutsu. From their home in the sewers of New York City, they battle petty criminals, evil overlords, mutated creatures, alien invaders while attempting to remain hidden from society, they were created by Peter Laird. The characters originated in comic books published by Mirage Studios and expanded into cartoon series, video games and other merchandise. During the peak of the franchise's popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it gained worldwide success and fame; the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles first appeared in an American comic book published by Mirage Studios in 1984 in Dover, New Hampshire. The concept arose from a humorous drawing sketched out by Eastman during a casual evening of brainstorming and bad television with Laird. Using money from a tax refund, together with a loan from Eastman's uncle, the young artists self-published a single-issue comic intended to parody four of the most popular comics of the early 1980s: Marvel Comics’ Daredevil and New Mutants, Dave Sim’s Cerebus, Frank Miller’s Ronin.
The TMNT comic book series has been published in various incarnations by various comic book companies since 1984. The Turtles started their rise to mainstream success when a licensing agent, Mark Freedman, sought out Eastman and Laird to propose wider merchandising opportunities for the franchise. In 1986, Dark Horse Miniatures produced a set of 15-mm lead figurines. In January 1987, Eastman and Laird visited the offices of Playmates Toys, a small California toy company that wanted to expand into the action-figure market. Development was undertaken by a creative team of companies and individuals: Jerry Sachs, advertising agent of Sachs-Finley Agency, brought together the animators at Murakami-Wolf-Swenson headed by Fred Wolf. Wolf and his team combined concepts and ideas with the Playmates marketing crew, headed by Karl Aaronian, vice president of sales Richard Sallis, VP of Playmates Bill Carlson. Aaronian brought on several designers and concepteur and writer John C. Schulte, worked out the simple backstory that would live on toy packaging for the entire run of the product and show.
Sachs called the high concept pitch "Green Against Brick". The sense of humor was honed with the collaboration of the Murakami-Wolf-Swenson animation firm's writers. Playmates and their team served as associate producers and contributing writers to the miniseries, first launched to sell-in the toy action figures. Phrases like "Heroes in a half shell" and many of the comical catch phrases and battle cries came from the writing and conceptualization of this creative team; as the series developed, veteran writer Jack Mendelsohn came on board as both a story editor and scriptwriter. David Wise, Michael Charles Hill, Michael Reaves wrote most of the scripts; the miniseries was repeated. Once the product started selling, the show got syndicated and picked up and backed by Group W, which funded the next round of animation; the show went network, on CBS. Accompanied by the popular Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 1987 TV series, the subsequent action figure line, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles became a mainstream success.
At the height of the frenzy, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Turtles' likenesses could be found on a wide range of children's merchandise, from Pez dispensers to skateboards, breakfast cereal, video games, school supplies, towels and toy shaving kits. While the animated TV series, which lasted for 10 seasons until 1996, was more light-hearted, the comic-book series continued in a much darker and grittier tone. In 1990, a live-action feature film was released, with the Turtles and Splinter being portrayed by actors in animatronic suits created by Jim Henson's Creature Shop; the film became one of the most successful independent films and spawned two sequels, as well as inspiring a three-dimensional animated film set in the same continuity, released in 2007 under the title TMNT. After the end of the cartoon series, a live-action series in the vein of the films was created in 1997 in conjunction with Saban Entertainment; the series was called Ninja Turtles: The Next Mutation and introduced a fifth, female turtle called Venus de Milo.
However, the series was unsuccessful and was canceled after one season. The property lay dormant until 2003, when a new animated TV series entitled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles began to air on Fox Box; the series storyline stuck much closer to the original Mirage comic book series, but was still less violent. It lasted for seven seasons and 156 episodes, ending in February 2009. On October 21, 2009, it was announced that cable channel Nickelodeon had purchased all of Mirage's rights to the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles property. Mirage retains the rights to publish 18 issues a year, though the future involvement of Mirage with the Turtles and the future of Mirage Studios itself is unknown. Nickelodeon has developed a new CGI-animated TMNT television series and partnered with fellow Viacom company Paramount Pictures to bring a new TMNT movie to theaters; the TV show premiered on Nickelodeon on September 29, 2012. The live-action film, produced by Platinum Dunes, Nickelodeon Movies, Paramount Pictures, directed by Jonathan Liebesman, produced by Michael Bay, was released on August 8, 2014.
Leonardo – The tactical, courageous leader and devoted student of his sensei, Leonardo wears a blue mask and wields two swords. As the most conscientious of the four, he
Federal Constitutional Court
The Federal Constitutional Court is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law of Germany. Since its inception with the beginning of the post-WW2 republic, the court has been located in the city of Karlsruhe—intentionally distanced from the other federal institutions in Berlin and other cities; the main task of the court is judicial review, it may declare legislation unconstitutional, thus rendering them ineffective. In this respect, it is similar to other supreme courts with judicial review powers, yet the court possesses a number of additional powers, is regarded as among the most interventionist and powerful national courts in the world. Unlike other supreme courts, the constitutional court is not an integral stage of the judicial or appeals process, does not serve as a regular appellate court from lower courts or the Federal Supreme Courts on any violation of federal laws; the court's jurisdiction is focused on constitutional issues and the compliance of all governmental institutions with the constitution.
Constitutional amendments or changes passed by the Parliament are subject to its judicial review, since they have to be compatible with the most basic principles of the Grundgesetz defined by the eternity clause. The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany stipulates that all three branches of the state are bound directly by the constitution in Article 20, Section 3 of the document; as a result, the court can rule acts of any branches unconstitutional, whether as formal violations or as material conflicts. The powers of the Federal Constitutional Court are defined in article 93 of the Grundgesetz; this constitutional norm is set out in a federal law, the Federal Constitutional Court Act, which defines how decisions of the court on material conflicts are put into force. The Constitutional Court has therefore several defined procedures in which cases may be brought before it: Constitutional complaint: By means of the Verfassungsbeschwerde any person may allege that his or her constitutional rights have been violated.
Although only a small fraction of these are successful, several have resulted in major legislation being invalidated in the field of taxation. The large majority of the court's procedures fall into this category. Abstract regulation control: Several political institutions, including the governments of the Bundesländer, may bring a federal law before the court if they consider it unconstitutional. A well-known example of this procedure was the 1975 abortion decision, which invalidated legislation intended to decriminalise abortion. Specific regulation control: Any regular court, convinced, that a law in question for a certain case is not in conformance with the constitution must suspend that case and bring this law before the Federal Constitutional Court. Federal dispute: Federal institutions, including members of the Bundestag, may bring internal disputes over competences and procedures before the court. State–federal dispute: The Länder may bring disputes over competences and procedures between the states and federal institutions before the court.
Investigation committee control Federal election scrutiny: Violations of election laws may be brought before the court by political institution or any involved voter. Impeachment procedure: Impeachment proceedings may be brought against the Federal President, a judge, or a member of one of the Federal Supreme Courts, by the Bundestag, the Bundesrat or the federal government, based on violation of constitutional or federal law. Prohibition of a political party: Only the Constitutional Court has the power to ban a political party in Germany; this has happened just twice, both times in the 1950s: the Socialist Reich Party, a neo-Nazi group, was banned in 1952, the Communist Party of Germany was banned in 1956. In the case of a third political party, the National Democratic Party of Germany has been brought by many other political parties before the court on more than one occasion. Due to logistical reasons, all of these attempts have failed; the court opted to rule that NPD was constitutional in 2003 after it was learned that the German federal government had injected many of its officials as spies into the party for surveillance and security.
Three judges objected to continuing, sufficient as banning a party requires a two-thirds majority. The court itself did not choose to ban the party. In another instance, back in 2016, it was decided by the second senate of the Federal Constitutional Court that the appeal to ban NPD should be rejected because the party itself had such a small proportion of support and influence that it could be sufficiently argued that it was nonexistent at any level of government in the country. Banning NPD was subsequently seen as pointless since it was believed that what few supporters that it had would either proceed to form a new political party with a different title or move to support the Alternative for Germany Party - another far-right political party in Germany, more popular than NPD and is quite arguably seen by many people as constitutionally antithetical. Despite this particular attempt at trying to ban the party, the Federal Constitutional Court did assert that NPD is unconstitutional due to the contents of its ideology and manifesto -
The Flintstones is an American animated sitcom produced by Hanna-Barbera for ABC. The series takes place in a romanticized Stone Age setting, follows the activities of the titular family, the Flintstones, their next-door neighbors, the Rubbles, it was broadcast from September 30, 1960 until April 1, 1966, in a prime time slot, the first such instance for an animated series. The continuing popularity of The Flintstones rested on its juxtaposition of modern everyday concerns in the Stone Age setting; the Flintstones was the most financially successful and longest running network animated franchise for three decades, until The Simpsons debuted in late 1989. In 2013, TV Guide ranked The Flintstones the second greatest TV cartoon of all time; the show is set in a comical, satirical version of the Stone Age which, although it uses primitive technology, resembles mid-20th-century suburban America. The plots deliberately resemble the sitcoms of the era, with the caveman Flintstone and Rubble families getting into minor conflicts characteristic of modern life.
The show is set in the Stone Age town of Bedrock. In this fantasy version of the past and other long-extinct animals co-exist with cavemen, saber-toothed cats, woolly mammoths. Animation historian Christopher P. Lehman considers that the series draws its humor in part from creative uses of anachronisms; the main one is the placing of 20th-century society in prehistory. This society takes inspiration from the suburban sprawl developed in the first two decades of the postwar period; this society has modern home appliances. They have automobiles; these cars burn no fuel. They are powered by people; the stone houses of this society are cookie-cutter homes positioned into neighborhoods typical of mid-20th century American suburbs. Fred Flintstone is the main character of the series. Fred is an accident-prone bronto-crane operator at the Slate Rock and Gravel Company and the head of the Flintstone household, he is quick to anger, but is a loving husband and father. He is good at bowling and is a member of the fictional "Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes", a men-only club paralleling real-life fraternities such as the Loyal Order of Moose.
His famous catchphrase is "Yabba Dabba Doo!" Wilma Flintstone is Pebbles' mother. She is more intelligent and level-headed than her husband, though she has a habit of spending money, she is a foil to Fred's poor behavior. Pebbles Flintstone is the Flintstones' infant daughter, born near the end of the third season. Dino is the Flintstones' pet dinosaur. A running gag in the series involves Fred coming home from work and Dino getting excited and knocking him down and licking his face repeatedly. Baby Puss is the Flintstones' pet saber-toothed cat, seen in the actual series, but is always seen throwing Fred out of the house during the end credits, causing Fred to pound on the front door and yell "Wilma!", waking the whole neighborhood in the process. Barney Rubble is Fred's best friend and next-door neighbor, his occupation is, for the most part of the series, though episodes depict him working in the same quarry as Fred. He shares many of Fred's interests such as bowling and golf, is a member of the "Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes".
Though Fred and Barney get into feuds with one another, their deep fraternal bond remains evident. Betty Rubble is Wilma's best friend. Like Wilma, too, is more intelligent than her husband and has a habit of spending money. Bamm-Bamm Rubble is the Rubbles' preternaturally strong adopted son, whom they adopt during the fourth season. Hoppy is the Rubbles' pet hopparoo; when he first arrives and Fred mistake him for a giant mouse and are frightened of him, but they become best friends after Hoppy gets help when they are in an accident. He babysits the kids as he takes them around in his pouch, which serves as a shopping cart for Betty. Over 100 other characters appeared throughout the program. Mr. Slate is Barney's hot-tempered boss at the gravel pit. Mr. Slate fires Fred on several occasions throughout the series, only to give him his job back by the end of the episode. A running gag is Slate's ever-changing first name, revealed to be Sylvester, Nate and George as the series progressed. In the episode "The Long, Long Weekend" which aired on January 21, 1966, he is shown as being the founder of "Slate Rock and Gravel Company".
Note, in the early Flintstones episodes, the more recognized "Mr. Slate" character was known as "Mr. Rockhead" and was a supervisor of Fred's. Mr. Slate was a short character. During the course of the cartoon, the two men switched identities and the shorter character faded away from existence. Arnold is the Flintstones' paper boy, whom Fred despises because Arnold is able to best and outsmart Fred at a number of tasks and because he throws the newspaper in Fred's face. Arnold's parents are mentioned in the series, but his mothe