Thomas Hickey (soldier)
Thomas Hickey was a Continental Army soldier in the American Revolutionary War, the first person executed for "mutiny and treachery". Born in Ireland, he came to America as a soldier in the British Army and fought as personal assistant to Major General William Johnson in the Seven Years' War, but deserted to the other side when the Revolution broke out, he became part of the Life Guard, which protected General George Washington, his staff, the Continental Army's payroll. Hickey was jailed for passing counterfeit money, he was tried and executed for mutiny and sedition, he may have been involved in an assassination plot against George Washington in 1776. Washington made a general announcement: The unhappy fate of Thomas Hickey, executed this day for mutiny and treachery, the General hopes will be a warning to every soldier in the Army to avoid those crimes, all others, so disgraceful to the character of a soldier, pernicious to his country, whose pay he receives and bread he eats, and in order to avoid those crimes, the most certain method is to keep out of the temptation of them, to avoid lewd women, who, by the dying confession of this poor criminal, first led him into practices which ended in an untimely and ignominious death.
In April 1776, after the conclusion of the Boston campaign, General Washington and the Continental Army marched to New York City and prepared for an anticipated attempt by the British Army to occupy the city. The Royal Governor of New York, William Tryon, had been driven out of the city by revolutionary forces and was compelled to seek refuge on a ship in New York Harbor; the city had many Loyalist residents who favored the British side. Thomas Hickey was a private in the Commander-in-Chief's Guard, a unit formed on March 12, 1776, to protect George Washington, his official papers and the Continental Army's cash; that spring and another soldier were arrested for passing counterfeit money. While incarcerated into Bridewell prison, Hickey revealed to another prisoner, Isaac Ketchum, that he was part of a wider conspiracy of soldiers who were prepared to defect to the British once the expected invasion came. Arrested by civilian authorities, Hickey was turned over to the Continental Army for trial.
He found guilty of mutiny and sedition. He was hanged on June 28, 1776, at the corner of Chrystie and Grand Streets before a crowd of 20,000 spectators in New York. Hickey was the only person put on trial for the conspiracy. During the trial, David Mathews, the loyalist Mayor of New York City, was accused of funding the operation to bribe soldiers to join the British. Although the charge was never proven, Mathews and 12 others were imprisoned; the conspiracy became exaggerated in rumor and was alleged to include plans to kidnap Washington, assassinate his officers and blow up the Continental Army's ammunition magazines. The rumors damaged the reputation of Loyalists throughout the nascent United States. In the transcript of Court Martial for the Trial of Thomas Hickey and Others on June 26, 1776, Hickey is referred to as a "private sentinel" in Washington's Life Guards, under the command of Maj. Gibbs. There is reason to suspect this transcript is a copy made shortly after the end of the Revolutionary War when many official papers were being copied for preservation.
In Harry Ward's George Washington's Enforcers, he gives Hickey's rank as sergeant, notes that Captain Caleb Gibbs was not promoted to major until June 29, 1778, two years after Hickey's trial. When enlisted soldiers are convicted, it is normal for their punishment to include a reduction to the lowest rank, private. A postwar transcript would explain why Hickey is listed at his lowest rank and Gibbs is identified at his highest rank. Washington's headquarters from May to June 1776 was at Richmond Hill, a suburban villa outside the city. Samuel Fraunces, a tavern keeper whose establishment was about two miles away, provided meals for the general and his officers. Washington hired a housekeeper, a 72-year-old widow named Elizabeth Thompson, who worked at Richmond Hill from June 1776 to December 1781. Although Hickey was jailed for passing counterfeit money, charged with sedition and conspiracy while in prison, William Spohn Baker, a late-19th-century Washingtonian, believed that the real reason for his execution was involvement in a plot to kill or kidnap Washington: Thomas Hickey, one of Washington's Guard, was tried by a court-martial and sentenced to death, being found implicated in a plot to murder the American general officers on the arrival of the British, or at best to capture Washington and deliver him to Sir William Howe.
The plot had been traced to Governor Tryon, the mayor having been a principal agent between him and the persons concerned in it. Baker was wrong about the specific crimes of which Hickey was convicted, but in 1776 there was a real rumor of an assassination plot: A most infernal plot has been discovered here, had it been put into execution, would have made America tremble, been as fatal a stroke to us, this Country, as Gun Powder Treason would to England, had it succeeded; the hellish conspirators were three of General Washington's Life Guards. The plan was to kill Generals Washington and Putnam, as many other Commanding Officers as possible. I suppose you have heard of ye execution of one of the General's Guards, concerned in ye hellish plot, discovered here some time past. There was a vast concourse of people to see ye poor fellow hanged. Two other contemporaneous references to an assassination plot have been published. A garbled account of an assassination attempt appeared over two years
Tom Hickey (footballer, born 1991)
Tom Hickey is an Australian rules footballer who plays for the West Coast Eagles in the Australian Football League. Hickey played for the Gold Coast Suns and St Kilda, made his debut in round 22, 2011, against Adelaide. Hickey was born into a Brisbane family in which his father is a former professional rugby league footballer, his father, played ten years of A-grade rugby league for Fortitude Valley in the Brisbane Rugby League. While in primary school between the ages of six and fourteen Hickey played rugby league for the Redland Rugby League Football Club in the position of five-eighth. Upon graduation from St. Anthony's Catholic Primary School he moved to Iona College and tried his hand at basketball, rugby union, water polo and volleyball, he made his main focus volleyball while in high school and represented the Queensland state team and the schoolboys team throughout his schooling life. During his last term of high school in 2008 he joined friends at Iona to compete in four football games at the Associated Independent Colleges school competition and in doing so played Australian rules football for the first time at 17 years of age.
While playing he was spotted by an AFL Queensland representative and was invited to join the AFLQ Rookie Search Program. At the beginning of 2009 Hickey joined, his under 18 team would win the premiership that year and Hickey finished second in the league best and fairest medal. The following year he was picked to represent Queensland in the 2010 AFL Under 18 Championships where he was the Queensland ruckman, he established himself as a ruckman in Morningside's senior team and was a part of the 2010 QAFL premiership winning team. Matching up against former AFL players Peter Everitt and Trent Knobel in the grand final, Hickey's team would come back from a 20-point deficit at three quarter time to win the premiership. Following the 2010 season he travelled to Canberra to showcase himself at the AFL Draft Combine, he was the best performed ruckman in the agility test and equal second best among ruckmen in the beep test as well as being ranked second overall in the'clean hands' test. Hickey was drafted under zone concessions to the newly formed Gold Coast Suns in October 2010 and moved to the Gold Coast to begin his first AFL preseason.
Hickey made his AFL debut in round 22 of the 2011 season season against Adelaide, kicking his first AFL goal. After two seasons with the Suns, Hickey requested a trade to St Kilda to be closer to his Melbourne-based girlfriend. Complications arose when the Gold Coast demanded a first-round selection for Hickey's service and the Saints agreed to the deal. Hickey debuted for St Kilda in round 1 of the 2013 season in a loss to his former club Gold Coast at Metricon Stadium, he played as a second ruckman throughout the season, becoming the sole ruck in round 21 against Sydney after Ben McEvoy was substituted. The next week, Hickey recorded a personal best of 17 disposals against Gold Coast, he had the second-most hit-outs at St Kilda in 2013. After McEvoy was traded to Hawthorn, Hickey became the first-choice ruckman at the Saints. After a good start to the 2014 season, which included a 19-disposal, three-goal performance against GWS in round 2, Hickey suffered foot and quad injuries, restricting him to just one game after round 6.
Knee tendonitis ended his season. In the meantime, Billy Longer established himself as the best St Kilda ruckman. In 2015, Hickey became second ruckman after Longer playing as a pinch-hitting forward, he played 11 games and signed a two-year contract extension, tying him to St Kilda until 2017. Hickey returned as the premier Saints ruckman in 2016, playing his best game at St Kilda according to coach Alan Richardson in round 1 against Port Adelaide. Hickey amassed 20 disposals -- career highs, he extended his contract until 2019 after playing 20 games for the season. In 2017, Hickey again fell behind Longer in the ruck pecking order. Strong form in a 2017 JLT Community Series match against Sydney – in which Hickey accumulated 29 disposals, 39 hit-outs and 18 contested possessions – did not translate to the regular season. Hickey suffered back, medial ligament and right shoulder injuries, the latter of which required post-season surgery; when uninjured, he struggled to break into the St Kilda team as Longer continued to maintain his form.
He was selected against Essendon in round 17 after Longer suffered a hamstring injury, but played poorly and was replaced the next game. Hickey played 13 games in 2018, suffering a left hamstring tendon injury late in the season against the Western Bulldogs. After six years and 67 games with the Saints, Hickey was traded to the West Coast Eagles at the end of the 2018 season for pick 39 and West Coast's 2019 fourth-round selection; the Eagles received pick 60 and St Kilda's fourth-round pick for 2019. Hickey was recruited to replace the departing ruckman Scott Lycett. Tom Hickey's profile on the official website of the West Coast Eagles Tom Hickey's playing statistics from AFL Tables
Thomas Hickey (painter)
Thomas Hickey was an Irish painter. Born in Dublin, Hickey was the son of Noah, a confectioner in Capel Street, Anne Hickey. A younger brother was the sculptor, he was trained at the Royal Dublin Society schools under Robert West. Hickey painted portraits and genre scenes, he traveled working in India, Portugal and England, residing in Bath between 1776 and 1780. On his voyage to India, the vessel in which he was travelling was captured by French and Spanish fleets which led him to Lisbon, after receiving a number of commissions, he remained for several years, he reached Bengal and stayed there until 1791 when he returned to England. He traveled as far as Peking, China with George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney as the expedition's official portrait painter, he returned to Ireland shortly after the death of his brother John in January 1796. In 1797, he was commissioned by Dr. Robert Emmet, State Physician for Ireland, to paint a portrait of the doctor's son and daughter, Mary. By 1798 he had returned to India where he landed just in time for the start of the Fourth Mysore War, which kept him engaged in painting.
In Mysore he was commissioned to make a number of sketches depicting family members of Mysore's ruler Tipu Sultan. Portraits of Tipu's sons and subaider are amongst these sketches; these portrait sketches were drawn between 1799-1801 in Vellore. He resided in Madras until his death in 1824. In addition to his artistic talents, he is reputed to have been a sparkling conversationalist who failed to charm his sitters; the Courtauld Institute of Art, the Honolulu Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Ireland, the Tate and the Victoria Art Gallery are among the public collections having paintings by Thomas Hickey. A number of his sketches can still be seen in Srirangapattana at Daria Daulat Bagh. ArtCyclopedia
Thomas Hickey (ice hockey)
Thomas Robert Hickey is a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman for the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League. Hickey is a high school graduate of the Edge School in Alberta. Hickey joined the Seattle Thunderbirds of the Western Hockey League in 2004–05 in a limited role for 5 games; the following season, in 2005–06, he tallied 28 points as a rookie. In his draft year, in 2006 -- 07, Hickey improved to 50 points, he was drafted in the off-season by the Los Angeles Kings in the first round, fourth overall, in the 2007 NHL Entry Draft. On July 17, 2007, he signed a entry-level contract with the Kings. Attending the Kings' training camp, he was returned to the Thunderbirds on September 21, 2007, for a third junior season. During the 2008–09 season, Hickey suffered an ankle injury that required surgery after the season ended. In November 2009, he suffered a shoulder injury that would require surgery and keep him off the ice until April 1, 2010. Not much one game before the Monarchs would begin their playoff run for the 2009–10 season, Hickey sprained his ankle and was unable to play again until the semi-finals, when the Monarchs lost to the Hershey Bears.
During his time with the Monarchs, Hickey was named an alternate captain. On January 15, 2013, Hickey was claimed off waivers from the Kings by the New York Islanders, he joined the team during the 2012–13 training camp. He made his NHL debut with the Islanders on January 27, 2013, against the Winnipeg Jets at the MTS Centre. On February 21, 2013, Hickey scored his first NHL goal, an overtime winner against the Montreal Canadiens at the Bell Centre. In the 2015–16 season, Hickey scored the overtime winner against the Washington Capitals, with that goal the Islanders clinched a playoff spot in the 2016 Stanley Cup playoffs. Just two weeks Hickey scored his first playoff goal in Game 3 in overtime against the Florida Panthers on a pass from Brock Nelson, giving the Islanders a 2–1 series lead. On July 1, 2018, Hickey signed a four-year contract with the Islanders. During his third year of major junior, Hickey was chosen to represent Canada for the 2008 World Junior Championships in the Czech Republic, where he helped Canada to a fourth consecutive gold medal.
He was selected the next year for the 2009 World Junior Championships in Ottawa as the team captain, returning with John Tavares, P. K. Subban and Zach Boychuk from the previous year's team. In the third game of preliminaries, he was chosen as Canada's player of the game in a 5–1 win against Germany. Canada went on to beat Sweden in the finals for the third straight year to capture its fifth consecutive WJHC gold medal. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database
2004 Redfern riots
The 2004 Redfern riots took place on the evening of Saturday 14 February 2004, in the inner Sydney suburb of Redfern, New South Wales, sparked by the death of a young man named Thomas Hickey. The circumstances surrounding Thomas'T. J.' Hickey's death are disputed. On the morning of Saturday 14 February 2004, the 17-year-old Indigenous Australian was riding his bicycle down hill as a police vehicle was patrolling the nearby area. According to police, he collided with a protruding gutter and was flung into the air and impaled on a 1.2 metre high fence outside a block of units off Phillip street, causing penetrating injuries of the neck and chest. Police officers at the scene administered first aid until NSW Ambulance officers arrived. Thomas Hickey passed away with his family by his side early on the 15th February 2004. A large proportion of the inquest centered on whether police were "pursuing" Mr Hickey, or "following" him. At the conclusion of the inquest,Commissioner Ken Moroney was interviewed on ABC radio and gave this explanation of the distinction: " I think if you were to ask the person on the street the definition between, not a Concise Oxford Dictionary definition, but if you were to ask somebody their interpretation of being followed and being pursued I think they are two distinct and clear actions.
Being followed, I think, in the ordinary layman's mind, creates a particular picture. Being pursued by police creates a different picture and there was no evidence that Mr Hickey was being pursued in the normal definition of that word." NSW Police Commissioner Ken Moroney supported the driver of the police Truck, Senior Constable Michael Hollingsworth, in his refusal to give evidence. Both maintained this was a "Normal civilian right". Freedom Socialist Bulletin, by Ray Jackson: ABC Radio PM Tuesday 17 August According to police, they arrived at the scene with Senior Constable Hollingsworth and Constable Reynolds arriving a few minutes after the first police Vehicle. Efforts to render First Aid were unable to save him as "the injury was non-survivable." There was an outstanding arrest warrant in his name, but police have maintained that the patrol car was searching for a different individual, wanted in connection with a violent bag snatch at Redfern railway station earlier the same day. The Hickey family and supporters including many convicted criminals dispute this version of events, claiming that witnesses saw Hickey's bike clipped by the police car, thus propelling him onto the fence.
This claim was supported by the testimony of two Aboriginal Liaison Officers to a NSW Parliamentary Inquiry into the death,with one of them charged with murder. Though neither of the Officers were present at the scene. Despite calls to re-open the coronial inquest, the New South Wales government has refused to do so. On the evening of 15 February and non indigenous youths and adults, most of them from the Housing Commission towers in Waterloo and Surry Hills gathered at Eveleigh Street after the word of the death spread. Persons were seen preparing petrol bombs and stockpiling bricks, resulting in police closing the Eveleigh Street entrance to the station, which turned the crowd violent and they began to throw bottles, live fireworks and Molotov cocktails; the violence escalated into a full-scale riot around The Block, during which Redfern railway station was alight, suffering superficial damage. The riot continued into the early morning, until police used fire brigade water hoses to disperse the crowd.
Total damages include a torched car, 40 injured police officers. Injuries among police Officers was increased due to the removal of Riot gear from NSW police Vehicles in the City Area resulting in WORKCOVER fining the NSW Police $380,000. A memorial service was held on 19 February 2004 in Redfern, in Walgett, New South Wales, on 22 February 2004. In 2005, the University of Technology Sydney's students' association donated a plaque with TJ's portrait, with an inscription that read: "On the 14th February, 2004, TJ Hickey, aged 17, was impaled upon the metal fence above, arising from a police pursuit; the young man died as a result of his wounds the next day. In our hearts you will stay TJ." Local police, the NSW government and the Department of Housing have refused to allow the plaque to be placed on the wall below the fence where Hickey was impaled unless the words "police pursuit" were changed to "tragic accident", which the family has refused to do. The Hickey's parents and Ian Hickey, divorced in late 2006.
Hickey supporters claim that police have continued to harass the family, including the arrest of several family members and friends on 4 September 2010. Senior Constable Michael Hollingsworth was a again promoted and awarded the National Police Medal and Diligent and Ethical Service Medal; the 2013 film Around the Block focuses on the riots. 2005 Cronulla riots 2004 Palm Island death in custody 2004 in Australia Redfern riots special - several stories surrounding the riots and its consequences