Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history. His career as a playwright produced four classics, his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of early modernism in the theatre. Chekhov practiced as a medical doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress."Chekhov renounced the theatre after the reception of The Seagull in 1896, but the play was revived to acclaim in 1898 by Konstantin Stanislavski's Moscow Art Theatre, which subsequently produced Chekhov's Uncle Vanya and premiered his last two plays, Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard. These four works present a challenge to the acting ensemble as well as to audiences, because in place of conventional action Chekhov offers a "theatre of mood" and a "submerged life in the text".
Chekhov had at first written stories to earn money, but as his artistic ambition grew, he made formal innovations which have influenced the evolution of the modern short story. He made no apologies for the difficulties this posed to readers, insisting that the role of an artist was to ask questions, not to answer them. Anton Chekhov was born on the feast day of St. Anthony the Great 29 January 1860 in Taganrog, a port on the Sea of Azov in southern Russia, he was the third of six surviving children. His father, Pavel Yegorovich Chekhov, the son of a former serf and his Ukrainian wife, was from the village Olhovatka and ran a grocery store. A director of the parish choir, devout Orthodox Christian, physically abusive father, Pavel Chekhov has been seen by some historians as the model for his son's many portraits of hypocrisy. Chekhov's mother, was an excellent storyteller who entertained the children with tales of her travels with her cloth-merchant father all over Russia. "Our talents we got from our father," Chekhov remembered, "but our soul from our mother."
In adulthood, Chekhov criticised his brother Alexander's treatment of his wife and children by reminding him of Pavel's tyranny: "Let me ask you to recall that it was despotism and lying that ruined your mother's youth. Despotism and lying so mutilated our childhood that it's sickening and frightening to think about it. Remember the horror and disgust we felt in those times when Father threw a tantrum at dinner over too much salt in the soup and called Mother a fool."Chekhov attended the Greek School in Taganrog and the Taganrog Gymnasium, where he was kept down for a year at fifteen for failing an examination in Ancient Greek. He sang at the Greek Orthodox monastery in his father's choirs. In a letter of 1892, he used the word "suffering" to describe his childhood and recalled: When my brothers and I used to stand in the middle of the church and sing the trio "May my prayer be exalted", or "The Archangel's Voice", everyone looked at us with emotion and envied our parents, but we at that moment felt like little convicts.
In 1876, Chekhov's father was declared bankrupt after overextending his finances building a new house, having been cheated by a contractor named Mironov. To avoid debtor's prison he fled to Moscow, where his two eldest sons and Nikolay, were attending university; the family lived in poverty in Moscow. Chekhov was left behind to finish his education. Chekhov remained in Taganrog for three more years, boarding with a man by the name of Selivanov who, like Lopakhin in The Cherry Orchard, had bailed out the family for the price of their house. Chekhov had to pay for his own education, which he managed by private tutoring and selling goldfinches, selling short sketches to the newspapers, among other jobs, he sent every ruble he could spare to his family in Moscow, along with humorous letters to cheer them up. During this time, he read and analytically, including the works of Cervantes, Turgenev and Schopenhauer, wrote a full-length comic drama, which his brother Alexander dismissed as "an inexcusable though innocent fabrication."
Chekhov experienced a series of love affairs, one with the wife of a teacher. In 1879, Chekhov completed his schooling and joined his family in Moscow, having gained admission to the medical school at I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. Chekhov now assumed responsibility for the whole family. To support them and to pay his tuition fees, he wrote daily short, humorous sketches and vignettes of contemporary Russian life, many under pseudonyms such as "Antosha Chekhonte" and "Man without a Spleen", his prodigious output earned him a reputation as a satirical chronicler of Russian street life, by 1882 he was writing for Oskolki, owned by Nikolai Leykin, one of the leading publishers of the time. Chekhov's tone at this stage was harsher than that familiar from his mature fiction. In 1884, Chekhov qualified as a physician, which he considered his principal profession though he made little money from it and treated the poor free of charge. In 1884 and 1885, Chekhov found himself coughing blood, in 1886 the attacks worsened, but he would not admit his tuberculosis to his family or his friends.
He confessed to Leykin, "I am afraid to submit myself to be sounded by my colleagues." He continued writing for weekly periodicals, earning enough mon
The Abbey Theatre known as the National Theatre of Ireland, in Dublin, Ireland, is one of the country's leading cultural institutions. First opening to the public on 27 December 1904, despite losing its original building to a fire in 1951, it has remained active to the present day; the Abbey was the first state-subsidized theatre in the English-speaking world. Since July 1966, the Abbey has been located at 26 Lower Abbey Street, Dublin 1. In its early years, the theatre was associated with the writers of the Irish Literary Revival, many of whom were involved in its founding and most of whom had plays staged there; the Abbey served as a nursery for many of leading Irish playwrights, including William Butler Yeats, Lady Gregory, Seán O'Casey and John Millington Synge, as well as leading actors. In addition, through its extensive programme of touring abroad and its high visibility to foreign American, audiences, it has become an important part of the Irish cultural brand; the Abbey arose from three distinct bases.
The first was the seminal Irish Literary Theatre. Founded by Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn and W. B. Yeats in 1899—with assistance from George Moore—it presented plays in the Antient Concert Rooms and the Gaiety Theatre, which brought critical approval but limited public interest. Lady Gregory envisioned a society promoting "ancient idealism" dedicated to crafting works of Irish theatre pairing Irish culture with European theatrical methods; the second base involved the work of two Dublin directors and Frank Fay. William worked in the 1890s with a touring company in Ireland and Wales, while his brother Frank was involved in amateur dramatics in Dublin. After William returned to Dublin, the Fay brothers staged productions in halls around the city and formed W. G. Fay's Irish National Dramatic Company, focused on the development of Irish acting talent. In April 1902, the Fays gave three performances of Æ's play Deirdre and Yeats' Cathleen Ní Houlihan in St Theresa's Hall on Clarendon Street; the performances played to a working-class audience rather than the usual middle-class Dublin theatregoers.
The run was a great success, thanks in part to the beauty and force of Maud Gonne, who played the lead in Yeats' play. The company continued at the Antient Concert Rooms, producing works by Seumas O'Cuisin, Fred Ryan and Yeats; the third base was the financial support and experience of Annie Horniman, a middle-class Englishwoman with previous experience of theatre production, having been involved in the presentation of George Bernard Shaw's Arms and the Man in London in 1894. An acquaintance of Yeats from London circles, including the Order of the Golden Dawn, she came to Dublin in 1903 to act as Yeats' unpaid secretary and to make costumes for a production of his play The King's Threshold, her money helped found the Abbey Theatre and, according to the critic Adrian Frazier, would "make the rich feel at home, the poor—on a first visit—out of place."The founding of the Theatre is connected with a broader wave of change found in European drama at the end of the nineteenth century. The founding of Théâtre Libre in Paris in 1887 and the work of the Moscow Art Theatre in 1895 represented a challenge to a “stale metropolitanism".
This movement echoes Lady Gregory's commitment and determination to make the Abbey Theatre a theatre for the people. Encouraged by the St Theresa's Hall success, Lady Gregory, Æ, John Millington Synge founded the Irish National Theatre Society in 1903 with funding from Horniman, they were joined by playwrights from Fay's company. At first, they staged performances in the Molesworth Hall; when the Mechanics' Theatre in Lower Abbey Street and an adjacent building in Marlborough Street became available after fire safety authorities closed it, Horniman and William Fay agreed to buy and refit the space to meet the society's needs. On 11 May 1904, the Society formally accepted Horniman's offer of the use of the building; as Horniman did not reside in Ireland, the royal letters patent required were granted in the name of Lady Gregory, although paid for by Horniman. The founders appointed William Fay theatre manager, responsible for training the actors in the newly established repertory company, they commissioned Yeats' brother Jack to paint portraits of all the leading figures in the society for the foyer, hired Sarah Purser to design stained glass for the same space.
On 27 December, the curtains went up on opening night. The bill consisted of three one-act plays, On Baile's Strand and Cathleen Ní Houlihan by Yeats, Spreading the News by Lady Gregory. On the second night, In the Shadow of the Glen by Synge replaced the second Yeats play; these two bills alternated over a five-night run. Frank Fay, playing Cúchulainn in On Baile's Strand, was the first actor on the Abbey stage. Although Horniman had designed the costumes, neither she nor Lady Gregory was present, as Horniman had returned to England. In addition to providing funding, her chief role with the Abbey over the coming years was to organise publicity and bookings for their touring productions in London and provincial England. In 1905 without properly consulting Horniman, Lady Gregory and Synge decided to turn the theatre into a limited liability company, the National Theatre Society Ltd. Annoyed by this treatment, Horniman hired Ben Iden Payne, a former Abbey employee, to help run a new repertory company which she founded in Manchester.
Leading actors Máire Nic Shiubhlaigh, Honor Lavelle, Emma Vernon, Máire Garvey, Frank Walker, Seamus O'Sullivan, Pádraic Colum and George Roberts left the Abbey. The press w
Brian Patrick Friel, born in Omagh, Northern Ireland, was a dramatist, short story writer and founder of the Field Day Theatre Company. He had been considered one of the greatest living English-language dramatists, he has been likened to an "Irish Chekhov" and described as "the universally accented voice of Ireland". His plays have been compared favourably to those of contemporaries such as Samuel Beckett, Arthur Miller, Harold Pinter and Tennessee Williams. Recognised for early works such as Philadelphia, Here I Come! and Faith Healer, Friel had 24 plays published in a career of more than a half-century. He was elected to the honorary position of Saoi of Aosdána, his plays were produced on Broadway in New York City throughout this time, as well as in Ireland and the UK. In 1980 Friel co-founded Field Day Theatre Company and his play Translations was the company's first production. With Field Day, Friel collaborated with Seamus Heaney, 1995 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature. Heaney and Friel first became friends after Friel sent the young poet a letter following publication of his book Death of a Naturalist.
Friel was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the British Royal Society of Literature and the Irish Academy of Letters. He was appointed to Seanad Éireann in 1987 and served until 1989. In years, Dancing at Lughnasa reinvigorated Friel's oeuvre, bringing him Tony Awards, the Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Play and the New York Drama Critics Circle Award for Best Play, it was adapted into a film, starring Meryl Streep, directed by Pat O'Connor, script by Frank McGuinness. Friel was born in 1929 at Knockmoyle, close to Omagh, County Tyrone His father was Patrick Friel, a primary school teacher and a councillor on Londonderry Corporation, the local city council in Derry. Friel's mother was postmistress of Glenties, County Donegal; the family moved to Derry. There he attended St Columb's College. Friel received his B. A. from St Patrick's College and qualified as a teacher at St Joseph's Training College in Belfast, 1949–50. He married Anne Morrison in 1954, with whom he has one son.
Between 1950 and 1960, he worked as a Maths teacher in the Derry primary and intermediate school system, taking leave in 1960 to pursue a career as writer, living off his savings. In the late 1960s, the Friels moved from Derry to Muff, County Donegal, before settling outside Greencastle, County Donegal. Friel was a member of the Nationalist Party. After a long illness Friel died on 2 October 2015 in County Donegal, he was survived by his wife Anne and children Mary, Judy and David. Another daughter, predeceased him. A common setting for Friel's plays is in or around the fictional town of "Ballybeg". There are fourteen such plays: Philadelphia, Here I Come!, Crystal and Fox, The Gentle Island, Living Quarters, Faith Healer, Translations, The Communication Cord, Dancing at Lughnasa, Wonderful Tennessee, Molly Sweeney, Give Me Your Answer Do! and The Home Place, while the seminal event of Faith Healer takes place in the town. These plays present an extended history of this imagined community, with Translations and The Home Place set in the nineteenth century, Dancing at Lughnasa in the 1930s.
With the other plays set in "the present" but written throughout the playwright's career from the early 1960s through the late 1990s, the audience is presented with the evolution of rural Irish society, from the isolated and backward town that Gar flees in the 1964 Philadelphia, Here I Come! to the prosperous and multicultural small city of Molly Sweeney and Give Me Your Answer Do!, where the characters have health clubs, ethnic restaurants, regular flights to the world's major cities. Friel's first radio plays were produced by Ronald Mason for the BBC Northern Ireland Home Service in 1958: A Sort of Freedom and To This Hard House. Friel began writing short stories for The New Yorker in 1959 and subsequently published two well-received collections: The Saucer of Larks and The Gold in the Sea; these were followed by A Doubtful Paradise, his first stage play, produced by the Ulster Group Theatre in late August 1960. Friel wrote 59 articles for The Irish Press, a Dublin-based party-political newspaper, from April 1962 to August 1963.
Early in Friel's career, the Irish journalist Sean Ward referred to him in an Irish Press article as one of the Abbey Theatre's "rejects". Friel's play, The Enemy Within enjoyed success, despite only being on Abbey stage for 9 performances. Belfast's Lyric Theatre revived it in September 1963 and the BBC Northern Ireland Home Service and Radio Éireann both aired it in 1963. Although Friel withdrew The Blind Mice, it was by far his most successful play of his early period, playing for 6 weeks at Dublin's Eblana Theatre, revived by the Lyric, broadcast by Radio Éireann and the BBC Home Service ten times by 1967. Friel had a short stint as "observer" at Tyrone Guthrie's theater in early-1960s Minneapolis. Shortly after returning from his time at the Tyrone Guthrie Theatre, Friel wrote Philadelphia Here I Come!. The play made him famous in Dublin, Lond
The National University of Ireland Galway is located in the city of Galway in Ireland. A third-level teaching and research institution, the University has been awarded the full five QS stars for excellence, is ranked among the top 1 per cent of universities according to the 2018 QS World University Rankings; the University was founded in 1845 as "Queen's College Galway", was more known as "University College Galway". NUI Galway is a member of a network of 40 long-established European universities; the University opened for teaching in 1849 as "Queen's College Galway" with 37 professors and 91 students. A year it became part of the Queen's University of Ireland; the Irish Universities Act, 1908 made this college a constituent college of the new National University of Ireland, under a new charter the name of the University changed to "University College Galway". It was given special statutory responsibility under the University College Galway Act, 1929 with respect of the use of the Irish language as a working language of the University.
It retained the title of University College Galway until the Universities Act, 1997 changed it to the "National University of Ireland, Galway". Located close to the city centre, it stretches along the River Corrib; the oldest part of the University, the Quadrangle with its Aula Maxima was designed by John Benjamin Keane. The stone from which it is built was supplied locally. Fine Gael's youth wing took a hold on the university in 1973 during the Liam Cosgrave-led Fine Gael/Labour Coalition government, with Enda Kenny and Madeleine Taylor-Quinn among those behind its establishment there. More modern parts of the university sprang up in the 1970s and were designed by architects Scott Tallon Walker; the 1990s saw considerable development, including the conversion of an old munitions factory into a student centre. Under the early 21st-century Presidency of Iognáid G. Ó Muircheartaigh, NUI Galway announced details of plans to make the University a "campus of the future" at a cost of around €400 million.
Ó Muircheartaigh's successor James J. Browne continued with that plan; the University launched its Strategic Plan "Vision 2020" in 2015. 21st-century developments include a state-of-the-art University Sports Centre, Áras Moyola, J. E. Cairnes School of Business & Economics, the Alice Perry Engineering Building, the BioSciences Research Building, the Life Course Institute, the Lambe Institute and the O'Donoghue Centre for Drama and Performance. A new Human Biology Building completed in summer 2017. Nelson Mandela made a memorable appearance at the University in 2003. On what was his last visit to Ireland, Mandela condemned U. S. foreign policy and received an honorary doctorate from NUI Chancellor Garret FitzGerald. The five Colleges of the University are: College of Arts, Social Sciences and Celtic Studies College of Business, Public Policy and Law College of Engineering and Informatics College of Medicine and Health Sciences College of ScienceSince January 2006, St. Angela's College, Sligo has been a college of Galway.
As a result those admitted to St. Angela's College are registered as students at Galway. Since 2015 the Shannon College of Hotel Management is incorporated into the University — becoming part of the College of Business, Public Policy & Law at Galway —, formally marked by the Minister for Education and Skills Jan O'Sullivan at an event held in Shannon College on 9 November 2015. All staff of Shannon College of Hotel Management became staff of Galway and all students of Shannon College of Hotel Management became students at Galway. There are several Research Institutes at Galway, each of which comprise research teams drawn from the Colleges. National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science Insight Centre for Data Analytics Ryan Institute - Marine, Energy & Environment CÚRAM Whitaker Institute for Innovation and Societal Change Institute for Lifecourse and Society Moore Institute for Research in the Humanities and Social Studies Irish Centre for Human Rights Constituent schools found in the relevant colleges include: Galway University Foundation was established in 1998 with the intention of generating financial support from private individuals and institutions for NUI Galway.
It nurtures relationships with donors for. The Foundation has many'Priority Projects' in development. NUI Galway has about 150 active student societies, ranging from the academic to artistic and performing. Religions are represented. In addition, many of Ireland's political parties have active societies at NUI Galway, including Fine Gael, Labour, People Before Profit, Sinn Féin and the Social Democrats; the oldest society on the campus is the Literary and Debating Society, founded in 1846. Another of NUI Galway's oldest societies is Cumann Staire. One of Europe's oldest history societies, it is a member of the Comhaltas na gCumann Staire - Irish History Students' Association and the International Students of History Association."Dram Soc" played a critical part in the formation of the Druid Theatre Company, Macnas and t
George Moore (novelist)
George Augustus Moore was an Irish novelist, short-story writer, art critic and dramatist. Moore came from a Roman Catholic landed family who lived at Moore Hall in County Mayo, he wanted to be a painter, studied art in Paris during the 1870s. There, he befriended writers of the day; as a naturalistic writer, he was amongst the first English-language authors to absorb the lessons of the French realists, was influenced by the works of Émile Zola. His writings influenced James Joyce, according to the literary critic and biographer Richard Ellmann, although Moore's work is sometimes seen as outside the mainstream of both Irish and British literature, he is as regarded as the first great modern Irish novelist. George Moore's family had lived in Moore Hall, near Lough Carra, County Mayo, for a century; the house was built by his paternal great-grandfather—also called George Moore—who had made his fortune as a wine merchant in Alicante. The novelist's grandfather was a friend of Maria Edgeworth, author of An Historical Memoir of the French Revolution.
His great-uncle, John Moore, was president of the Province of Connacht in the short-lived Irish Republic of 1798 during the Irish Rebellion of 1798. The novelist's father, George Henry Moore, sold his stable and hunting interests during the Great Irish Famine, from 1847 to 1857 served as an Independent Member of Parliament for Mayo in the British House of Commons. George Henry was renowned as a fair landlord, fought to uphold the rights of tenants, was a founder of the Catholic Defence Association, his estate consisted with a further 40 ha in County Roscommon. George Moore was born in Moore Hall in 1852; as a child, Moore enjoyed the novels of Walter Scott. He spent a good deal of time outdoors with his brother, Maurice George Moore, became friendly with the young Willie and Oscar Wilde, who spent their summer holidays at nearby Moytura. Oscar was to quip of Moore: "He conducts his education in public", his father had again turned his attention to horse breeding and in 1861 brought his champion horse, Croagh Patrick, to England for a successful racing season, together with his wife and nine-year-old son.
For a while George was left at Cliff's stables until his father decided to send George to his alma mater facilitated by his winnings. Moore's formal education started at St. Mary's College, Oscott, a Catholic boarding school near Birmingham where he was the youngest of 150 boys, he spent all of 1864 at home, having contracted a lung infection brought about by a breakdown in his health. His academic performance was poor while he was unhappy. In January 1865, he returned to St. Mary's College with his brother Maurice, where he refused to study as instructed and spent time reading novels and poems; that December the principal, Spencer Northcote, wrote a report that: "he hardly knew what to say about George." By the summer of 1867 he was expelled, for'idleness and general worthlessness', returned to Mayo. His father once remarked, about George and his brother Maurice: "I fear those two redheaded boys are stupid", an observation which proved untrue for all four boys. In 1868, Moore's father was again elected MP for Mayo and the family moved to London the following year.
Here, Moore senior tried, unsuccessfully, to have his son follow a career in the military though, prior to this, he attended the School of Art in the South Kensington Museum where his achievements were no better. He was freed from any burden of education when his father died in 1870. Moore, though still a minor, inherited the family estate, valued at £3,596, he handed it over to his brother Maurice to manage and in 1873, on attaining his majority, moved to Paris to study art. It took him several attempts to find an artist. Monsieur Jullian, a shepherd and circus masked man, took him on for 40 francs a month. At Académie Jullian he met Lewis Weldon Hawkins who became Moore's flatmate and whose trait, as a failed artist, show up in Moore's own characters, he met many of the key artists and writers of the time, including Pissarro, Renoir, Daudet, Mallarmé, Turgenev and, above all, to prove an influential figure in Moore's subsequent development as a writer. While still in Paris his first book, a collection of lyric poems called The Flowers of Passion, was self-published in 1877.
The poems were derivative, were maliciously reviewed by the critics who were offended by some of the depravities in store for moralistic readers. The book was withdrawn by Moore, he was forced to return to Ireland in 1880 to raise £3,000 to pay debts incurred on the family estate due to his tenants refusing to pay their rent and the drop in agricultural prices. During his time back in Mayo, he gained a reputation as a fair landlord, continuing the family tradition of not evicting tenants and refusing to carry firearms when travelling round the estate. While in Ireland, he decided to abandon move to London to become a professional writer. There he published his second poetry collection, Pagan Poems, in 1881; these early poems reflect his interest in French symbolism and are now entirely neglected. In 1886 Moore published Confessions of a Young Man, a lively memoir about his 20s spent in Paris and London among bohemian artists, it contains a substantial amount of literary criticism for which it has received a fair amount of praise, for instance The Modern Library chose it in 1917 to be included in the series as "one of the most significant documents of the passionate revolt of English literature against the Victorian tradition."
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Stephen Rea is an Irish film and stage actor. Rea has appeared in films such as V for Vendetta, Michael Collins, Interview with the Vampire and Breakfast on Pluto. Rea was nominated for an Academy Award for his lead performance as Fergus in the 1992 film The Crying Game, he has during years had important roles in the Hugo Blick TV series The Shadow Line and The Honourable Woman, for which he won a BAFTA Award. Rea was born in Northern Ireland, to Protestant parents, he studied English at the Queen's University Belfast, drama at the Abbey Theatre School in Dublin. In the late 1970s, he acted in the Focus Company in Dublin with Colm Meaney. After appearing on the stage and in television and film for many years in Ireland and the United Kingdom, Rea came to international attention when he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the film The Crying Game, he is a frequent collaborator with Irish film-maker Neil Jordan. Rea has long been associated with some of the most important writers in Ireland.
His association with playwright Stewart Parker, for example, began when they were students together at the Queen's University of Belfast. Rea helped establish the Field Day Theatre Company in 1980 with Tom Paulin, Brian Friel, Seamus Heaney and Seamus Deane. In recognition for his contribution to theatre and performing arts, Rea was given honorary degrees from both the Queen's University Belfast and the Ulster University in 2004. Rea's friendship with American playwright and actor Sam Shepard dates back to the early 1970s, he starred in Shepard's directorial début of his play Geography of a Horse Dreamer at the Royal Court Theatre in 1974. In 2007, Rea began a successful and acclaimed relationship with both the Abbey Theatre and Sam Shepard, appearing in Kicking a Dead Horse and Ages of the Moon, both penned by Shepard and both transferred to New York. Rea returned to the Abbey in 2009 to appear in the world première of Sebastian Barry's Tales of Ballycumber. Rea was hired to speak the words of Gerry Adams -- 94 broadcasting ban.
In 2011, Rea featured in the BBC crime drama The playing antagonist Gatehouse. In April 2012, Rea read James Joyce's short story "The Dead" on RTÉ Radio 1, he narrated for the BBC Radio 4 production of Ulysses for Bloomsday, 16 June 2012. Rea starred in Enda Walsh's 2014 play Ballyturk and portrayed Jordan in Out of the Dark, in which he co-stars alongside Julia Stiles, Scott Speedman and Alejandro Furth. Rea was married for 17 years to Dolours Price, a former Provisional Irish Republican Army bomber and hunger striker who became a critic of Sinn Féin, they had been divorced when she died on 23 January 2013. They have two sons. Rea is an Ambassador for UNICEF Ireland. For further information on stage credits go to... stephenrea.net. Stephen Rea on IMDb Stephen Rea at the Internet Broadway Database Stephen Rea at the Internet Off-Broadway Database