53rd United States Congress
The Fifty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1893, to March 4, 1895, during the first two years of Grover Cleveland's second presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Democratic majority; the count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. Democratic: 211 Republican: 133 Populist: 11 Independent Democratic: 1TOTAL members: 356 President: Adlai Stevenson President pro tempore: Charles F. Manderson Isham G. Harris, elected March 22, 1893 Matt Whitaker Ransom, elected January 7, 1895 Isham G. Harris, elected January 10, 1895 Democratic Caucus Chairman: Arthur P. Gorman Republican Conference Chairman: John Sherman Speaker: Charles F. Crisp Democratic Caucus Chairman: William S. Holman Republican Conference Chair: Thomas J. Henderson Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: John L. Mitchell March 4, 1893: Grover Cleveland became President of the United States for a second time.
May 5, 1893: Panic of 1893: A crash on the New York Stock Exchange started a depression. November 7, 1893: Colorado women were granted the right to vote May 1, 1894: Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, arrived in Washington, D. C. July 16, 1894: Utah Enabling Act August 27, 1894: Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act February 18, 1895: Maguire Act of 1895 This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1898; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 6 Democratic: no net change Republican: no net change Liberal Republican: 1 seat net loss deaths: 4 resignations: 8 interim appointments: 2 Total seats with changes: 12 replacements: 22 Democratic: 2 seat net gain Republican: 2 seat net loss deaths: 11 resignations: 13 contested election: 3 Total seats with changes: 30 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Bribery Attempts Investigation Canadian Relations Census Civil Service and Retrenchment Claims Coast Defenses Commerce Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia Distributing Public Revenue Among the States District of Columbia Education and Labor Engrossed Bills Enrolled Bills Epidemic Diseases Establish a University in the United States Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service Finance Fisheries Five Civilized Tribes of Indians Ford Theater Disaster Foreign Relations Forest Reservations Geological Survey Immigration Immigration and Naturalization Indian Affairs Interstate Commerce Irrigation and Reclamation Judiciary Library Manufactures Military Affairs Mines and Mining Mississippi River and its Tributaries National Banks Naval Affairs Nicaraguan Claims Pacific Railroads Patents Pensions Post Office and Post Roads Potomac River Front Printing Private Land Claims Privileges and Elections Public Buildings and Grounds Public Distress Public Lands Quadrocentennial Railroads Revision of the Laws Revolutionary Claims Rules Tariff Regulation Territories Transportation and Sale of Meat Products Transportation Routes to the Seaboard Whole Woman Suffrage Accounts Agriculture Alcoholic Liquor Traffic Appropriations Banking and Currency Claims Coinage and Measures Disposition of Executive Papers District of Columbia Education Election of the President, Vice President and Representatives in Congress Elections Enrolled Bills Expenditures in the Agriculture Department Expenditures in the Interior Department Expenditures in the Justice Department Expenditures in the Navy Department Expenditures in the Post Office Department Expenditures in the State Department Expenditures in the Treasury Department Expenditures in the War Department Expenditures on Public Buildings Foreign Affairs Immigration and Naturalization Irrigation of Arid Lands Indian Affairs Interstate and Foreign Commerce Invalid Pensions Labor Levees and Improvements of the
Myron H. McCord
Myron Hawley McCord was an American politician and military officer. He began his career in Wisconsin where he held a number of elected offices before representing Wisconsin's 9th district in the United States House of Representatives for a single term. After undergoing a bankruptcy, McCord moved to Arizona Territory. There he was appointed territorial governor by William McKinley. After a year in office, McCord resigned as governor to serve as an officer in the United States Volunteers. Born in Ceres Township, Pennsylvania on November 26, 1840 to Anna Elizabeth and Myron H. McCord, his family moved to New York in the mid-1840s. McCord received his early education at the nearby Richburg Academy. In 1854, he moved to Wisconsin with his father. There he worked for a company that operated a sawmill. Over the course of the next five years he worked during the summer while attending school in the winter months. At the age of 20, McCord began a business that built roads and bridges along with engaging in logging.
In the early part of the American Civil War, he never saw combat. McCord was elected Superintendent of Schools for Shawano County, Wisconsin in 1864, he did not seek reelection. From 1868 till 1874, McCord was co-publisher for the Shawano County Journal, he was elected treasurer for Shawano County in 1869 and 1871. In 1872, McCord was elected to the first of two terms in the Wisconsin State Senate. McCord married Anna Mariah Murray in December 1861. Anna was the daughter of Julius Murray and granddaughter of Elias Murray, the latter having been assigned to Wisconsin as the Northern Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Among his assignments, Elias Murray oversaw the relocation of the Menominee Indians from their home on Lake Poygan to their present reservation near Shawano. Shortly thereafter Elias sent for his family and they settled in Shawano, where they were prominent in early county government. Anna and Myron had four children: Charles J. Florence and Prudence. In 1876, McCord obtained a divorce from Utah Territory while traveling on business and informed his wife upon his return to Wisconsin.
McCord's second marriage came on August 1877 when he wed Sarah Etta Space. He moved to Wisconsin after his second marriage and the union produced no children. In Merrill, McCord became publisher of the Lincoln County Advocate, his other business interests included partial ownership of bank and a firm that manufactured wood products such as doors and window sashes. As part of his wood products manufacturing, McCord owned lumber camps; the unincorporated town of McCord was named by the Soo Line Railroad who developed a whistle stop to serve his camps in the Somo River pine region. McCord was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1880, he was a candidate for Assembly Speaker during his term but withdrew his name to preserve unity among his party. As a delegate to 1884 Republican National Convention, McCord supported James G. Blaine He was appointed Register of the United States Land Office in Wausau, Wisconsin. Election to the United States House of Representatives came in 1888 when he won the race to represent Wisconsin's 9th congressional district.
His service in the Congress was undistinguished but the friends he made there were influential to his future career. Chief among his new friends was William McKinley, assigned to the seat next to McCord. Attempts by McCord to win reelection in 1890 and 1892 were unsuccessful. During this time period, McCord experienced a serious financial set back that resulted in him declaring bankruptcy. McCord moved to Phoenix, Arizona Territory in 1893. There he rebuilt his finances with interests in fruit orchards, cattle ranching, a half interest in the Arizona Gazette. McCord became an advocate for bringing in good quality cattle breeds to improve the profitability of Arizona livestock activities. Governor Louis C. Hughes appointed McCord to the Territorial Board of Control in 1895; the board oversaw operations at Territorial insane asylum, reform school, prison while McCord served as both citizen board member and purchasing agent. During his time on the board, several questionable decisions were made; the most significant was the board's approval of a contract with Eugene S. Ives' State of Arizona Improvement Company for construction of a 13-mile irrigation canal near Yuma.
Terms of the contract called for convict labor to be provided from Yuma Territorial Prison at the rate of US$0.70/man/day, with the territory covering all transportation and maintenance costs. Payment in turn was to be made in the form of water from the canal. Many in the territory were angered by the terms of the contract, Governor Benjamin Joseph Franklin refused to honor it when he came into office. Another action was McCord's approval of $630 to purchase a 10-acre tract of land for the insane asylum despite the land only being worth $380 at the time, his time on the board ended on June 1896 when he was replaced by Governor Franklin. In 1896, McCord served as Maricopa County Republican Chairman; this led to his becoming a delegate to the 1896 Republican National Convention where he was a William McKinley supporter. The day that McKinley was inaugurated President of the United States, McCord wrote to his old friend requesting appointment as Governor of Arizona Territory. President McKinley forwarded his nomination to the United States Senate on May 19, 1897.
Supporters of McCord's appointment included Albert C. Baker, Lewis Wolfley, Webster Street, Joseph Kibbey. Additionally, both the Livestock Board of Arizona and the Arizona Agricultural Association endorsed McCord to become governor. Opposition to the nom
Calumet County, Wisconsin
Calumet County is a county located in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,971; the county seat is Chilton. The county was created in 1836 and organized in 1850. Calumet County is included in the Appleton, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI Combined Statistical Area; the Holyland is located in southern Calumet County. The county's name originated from the word calumet, the French name for the ceremonial pipes used by Native Americans in councils on the east shore of Lake Winnebago. In the 1830s, the United States government relocated Native Americans from New York and New England to the southwest part of the county; this was a second migration for the Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians, who had moved to New York after the American Revolutionary War. The Oneida shared land on their reservation with these peoples, displaced by the years of colonization in New England and disease; each of the three groups are federally recognized with reservations in Wisconsin.
Many of the early European residents in the Holyland region in the southern part of the county were emigrants from the Schleswig-Holstein region in Germany in the 1840s. The county was organized on February 5, 1850, by Chapter 84 Laws of 1850. Calumet County figures prominently in the 2015 Netflix television series Making a Murderer, which documents the arrests and trials of Manitowoc County resident Steven Avery, which involves from 2005 the Calumet sheriff's department and district attorney's office of Ken Kratz. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397 square miles, of which 318 square miles is land and 79 square miles is water, it is the fifth-smallest county in Wisconsin by land fourth-smallest by total area. The west boundary is in Lake Winnebago; the Niagara Escarpment runs north-south several miles east of the western boundary. The topography has been influenced by glaciation. Brown County – northeast Manitowoc County – east Sheboygan County – southeast Fond du Lac County – southwest Winnebago County – west Outagamie County – northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 40,631 people, 14,910 households, 11,167 families residing in the county.
The population density was 127 per square mile. There were 15,758 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.68% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.55% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 63.4% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English, 1.7% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language. There were 14,910 households out of which 38.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.10% were non-families. 20.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males. The University of Wisconsin–Extension has compiled statistics on Calumet County's dairy industry. Calumet County has more bovines than people; as of 2010 there are 28,600 head of dairy cows and 65,000 head of bovine total 73% of land in the county is owned by farmers. 2400 residents are employed in farming. Agriculture results in $338 million in economic activity, it contributes $68.2 million in income to the county total income. As of 2007, 99.3% of farms are owned by individuals, family partnerships or family corporations. Only 0.7% are owned by non-family corporate entities. As of April 1, 2010, Calumet county had 174 farms with dairy herd licenses. In 1931, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture described Calumet County as "one of the most important producers of American cheese among the counties of Wisconsin." No interstate highways run through Calumet County.
There are several U. S. routes in the county. U. S. Route 10 runs east-west across the north edge of the county. U. S. Route 151 runs north-south near the west edge of the county, turns east-west at the middle of the county. North-south state highways include 55 along the west edge, 32/57 through the center. East-west state highways include 114 at the northwest corner of the county, the now defunct 149 along the southeast corner; the Tri-County Expressway runs in an east-west to north-south curve in the extreme northwest corner of the county within Appleton city limits. New Holstein Municipal Airport serves surrounding communities, it is located just west of New Holstein. Nearly the entire west boundary of the county is located in Lake Winnebago; the first non-natives to enter the county most came in the county from the lake through the Fox River. The Manitowoc River and Sheboygan River both run through the county and flow into Lake Michigan through neighboring counties. Calumet County has three county parks, two county run harbors.
Calumet County celebrated its 150th annual fair in 2006. The fairgrounds held dirt track stockcars races on Friday nights i
Alexander Stewart (American politician)
Alexander Stewart was a member of the United States House of Representatives for Wisconsin. Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Stewart moved to Wausau, where he became involved in the lumber industry. Stewart was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fourth, Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth Congresses, he represented Wisconsin's 9th congressional district. He did not run for reelection to the Fifty-seventh Congress, he was a prominent person in the early days of Wausau and Stewart Avenue, one of the main roads in Wausau, is named in his honor. Stewart died in Washington, D. C. and was buried in the Pine Grove Cemetery in Wausau. United States Congress. "Alexander Stewart". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Wisconsin is a U. S. state located in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 20th most populous; the state capital is Madison, its largest city is Milwaukee, located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties. Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area; the Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers famous for its cheese. Manufacturing, information technology, cranberries and tourism are major contributors to the state's economy; the word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal. Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century; the legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. The Algonquin word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure.
Interpretations vary. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock". Wisconsin has been home to a wide variety of cultures over the past 14,000 years; the first people arrived around 10,000 BCE during the Wisconsin Glaciation. These early inhabitants, called Paleo-Indians, hunted now-extinct ice age animals such as the Boaz mastodon, a prehistoric mastodon skeleton unearthed along with spear points in southwest Wisconsin. After the ice age ended around 8000 BCE, people in the subsequent Archaic period lived by hunting and gathering food from wild plants. Agricultural societies emerged over the Woodland period between 1000 BCE to 1000 CE. Toward the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heartland of the "Effigy Mound culture", which built thousands of animal-shaped mounds across the landscape.
Between 1000 and 1500 CE, the Mississippian and Oneota cultures built substantial settlements including the fortified village at Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. The Oneota may be the ancestors of the modern Ioway and Ho-Chunk tribes who shared the Wisconsin region with the Menominee at the time of European contact. Other Native American groups living in Wisconsin when Europeans first settled included the Ojibwa, Fox and Pottawatomie, who migrated to Wisconsin from the east between 1500 and 1700; the first European to visit what became Wisconsin was the French explorer Jean Nicolet. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks. Pierre Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers visited Green Bay again in 1654–1666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659–1660, where they traded for fur with local Native Americans. In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a journey on the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien.
Frenchmen like Nicholas Perrot continued to ply the fur trade across Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but the French made no permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Great Britain won control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1763. So, French traders continued to work in the region after the war, some, beginning with Charles de Langlade in 1764, settled in Wisconsin permanently, rather than returning to British-controlled Canada; the British took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761 and gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763. Like the French, the British were interested in little but the fur trade. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette; the first permanent settlers French Canadians, some Anglo-New Englanders and a few African American freedmen, arrived in Wisconsin while it was under British control.
Charles Michel de Langlade is recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, moving there permanently in 1764. Settlement began at Prairie du Chien around 1781; the French residents at the trading post in what is now Green Bay, referred to the t
Allen R. Bushnell
Allen Ralph Bushnell was a U. S. Representative from Wisconsin. Born in Hartford, Bushnell attended the public schools and the academies of Oberlin and Hiram, Ohio, he settled in Platteville. He was admitted to the bar in 1857, commencing practice in Platteville. Bushnell was elected district attorney of Grant County in 1860, he resigned to enter the Union Army in August 1861. He served as first lieutenant and afterwards as captain of Company C, 7th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment, he served as member of the Iron Brigade. He moved to Lancaster, Wisconsin, in 1864, he served as district attorney of Grant County in 1864 and as a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1872. Bushnell was elected first mayor of Lancaster in 1875, he was the United States district attorney for the western district of Wisconsin from 1886 till 1890. He moved to Madison, Wisconsin, in 1891. Bushnell was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-second Congress representing Wisconsin's 3rd congressional district, he was not a candidate for renomination in 1892.
He resumed the practice of law in Madison and died there March 29, 1909. He was interred in Lancaster. United States Congress. "Allen R. Bushnell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Allen Ralph Bushnell at Find a Grave
Wisconsin State Assembly
The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin Legislature. Together with the smaller Wisconsin Senate, the two constitute the legislative branch of the U. S. state of Wisconsin. Representatives are elected for two-year terms, elected during the fall elections. If a vacancy occurs in an Assembly seat between elections, it may be filled only by a special election; the Wisconsin Constitution limits the size of the State Assembly to between 54 and 100 members inclusive. Since 1973, the state has been divided into 99 Assembly districts apportioned amongst the state based on population as determined by the decennial census, for a total of 99 representatives. From 1848 to 1853 there were 66 assembly districts; the size of the Wisconsin State Senate is tied to the size of the Assembly. Presently, the Senate has 33 members, with each Senate district formed by combining three neighboring Assembly districts; the Assembly chamber is located in the west wing of the Wisconsin State Capitol building, in Madison, Wisconsin.
On July 8, 2015 a case was filed with the U. S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin arguing that Wisconsin’s 2011 state assembly map was unconstitutional partisan gerrymandering favoring the Republican-controlled legislature which discriminated against Democratic voters; this case became filed with the court as Whitford v Gill. The case made it to the United States Supreme Court, which remanded the case; the Supreme Court held that the plaintiff challenging the state assembly map did not have standing to sue, therefore, the state assembly map was constitutional. In the Opinion of the Court, Chief Justice John Roberts stated that " federal court is not'a forum for generalized grievances," and the requirement of such a personal stake'ensures that courts exercise power, judicial in nature." Gill v. Whitford, 128 S. Ct. 1916. We enforce that requirement by insisting that a plaintiff Article III standing..." Justice Kagan filed a concurring opinion, in which Justices Ginsburg and Sotomayor joined.
Justice Thomas filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which Justice Gorsuch joined. Representatives elected or re-elected in the fall of 2016 receive an annual salary of $50,950. In addition to their salaries, representatives outside Dane County may receive up to $88 per day in living expenses while in Madison on state business. Members of the Dane County delegation are allowed up to $44 per day in expenses; each representative receives $75 per month in "out-of-session" pay when the legislature is in session for three days or less. Over two years, each representative is allotted $12,000 to cover general office expenses, printing and district mailings. According to a 1960 study, at that time Assembly salaries and benefits were so low that in Milwaukee County, positions on the County Board of Supervisors and the Milwaukee Common Council were considered more desirable than seats in the Assembly, an average of 23% of Milwaukee legislators did not seek re-election.
This pattern was not seen to hold to the same extent in the rest of the state, where local offices tended to pay less well. The corresponding state senate districts are shown as a senate district is formed by nesting three assembly districts. Wisconsin state elections, 2010 Wisconsin Legislature Wisconsin Senate American Legislative Exchange Council members Wisconsin State Assembly official government website State Assembly of Wisconsin at Project Vote Smart Wisconsin State Assembly at Ballotpedia Legislature Salary