Thomas Byam Martin
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Thomas Byam Martin, was a Royal Navy officer. As captain of fifth-rate HMS Fisgard he took part in a duel with the French ship Immortalité and captured her at the Battle of Tory Island during the French Revolutionary Wars. While in command of the third-rate HMS Implacable in the Baltic Sea and attached to the Swedish Navy he took part in the capture the Russian ship Sewolod during the Napoleonic Wars. During his many years of service as Comptroller of the Navy, Martin was credited with reducing the fleet from the enormous size deployed against the French to a much more streamlined service geared toward protecting merchant trade and the British Empire, he focused on employing trained dockyard staff capable of responding to any international emergency. Martin sat in Parliament for 14 years and was an outspoken critic of government attempts to reduce the Navy budget which saw him dismissed in 1831 by his old friend King William IV. Martin died in October 1854, at the early stages of the Crimean War, planning the Baltic Campaign and investigating the possibilities of using poison gas weapons.
Born the third son of Sir Henry Martin, 1st Baronet and his wife Eliza Anne Gillman, Martin was educated at Freshford School, Southampton Grammar School and the Royal Grammar School, Guildford. During his education, he was enrolled on the books of several Navy ships, a custom of the period to ensure that when he was old enough to go to sea he would have the requisite "experience" to be considered for promotion early. Martin joined the Royal Naval College, Portsmouth in August 1785 and went to sea for the first time as a captain's servant aboard the sixth-rate HMS Pegasus, captained by Prince William Henry, on the North American Station in April 1786. Promoted to midshipman, he transferred to fifth-rate HMS Andromeda in March 1788 and subsequently to the third-rate HMS Colossus, the fifth-rate HMS Southampton, the second-rate HMS Barfleur and the first-rate HMS Royal George. Promoted to lieutenant on 22 October 1790, Martin served in the third-rate HMS Canada in the Channel Squadron and subsequently in the fifth-rate HMS Inconstant and the fifth-rate HMS Juno.
He was promoted to commander on 22 May 1793 and given command of the fire ship HMS Tisiphone in the Mediterranean Fleet. Martin was promoted to captain on 5 November 1793 and given command of the fifth-rate HMS Modeste, a frigate captured from the French, saw action in operations off Toulon at an early stage of the French Revolutionary Wars, he went on to command the fifth-rate HMS Artois and saw action at the siege of Bastia in April 1794. Martin was transferred to the Channel Fleet and stationed off Ireland in HMS Santa Margarita, in which he captured the French frigate Tamise at the Atlantic raid of June 1796: in the engagement, Tamise was badly damaged and suffered heavy casualties while HMS Santa Margarita's losses were only two killed and three wounded. In December 1796, Martin was sent to the West Indies as captain of the fifth-rate HMS Tamar in which he captured nine privateers, he moved to the command of the third-rate HMS Dictator before taking over the newly captured fifth-rate HMS Fisgard.
On 20 October 1798 HMS Fisgard took part in a duel with the French ship Immortalité and captured her at the Battle of Tory Island. Martin continued to be employed off the French coast, capturing merchant vessels and warships. Martin was given command of the third-rate HMS Impetueux in May 1803, at the start of the Napoleonic Wars, in her rescued many survivors from the wreck of HMS Venerable in November 1804, he transferred to the command of the second rate HMS Prince of Wales in the Channel Squadron in 1807 and to the third-rate HMS Implacable in the Baltic Sea in 1808. In HMS Implacable, Martin was attached to the Swedish Navy and took part in the capture the Russian ship Sewolod in August 1808, for which he was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Sword by the Swedish King Gustaf IV Adolf. Promoted to rear-admiral on 1 August 1811, Martin was despatched with a squadron to the Baltic Sea, with his flag in the third-rate HMS Aboukir, assisted in the defence of Riga against the Grande Armée during the French invasion of Russia.
He became Second-in-Command at Plymouth Command, with his flag in the third-rate HMS Prince Frederick in 1812 and visited the Duke of Wellington's headquarters in Spain to co-ordinate army and navy supply requirements and operations in 1813. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath on 4 January 1815. Martin became Deputy Comptroller of the Navy in January 1815, advancing to full Comptroller of the Navy in February 1816, a position he maintained until November 1831 he was the last comptroller to hold the post in its original function. In this role, Martin dominated naval strategy, reducing the fleet from the enormous size deployed against the French to a much more streamlined service geared toward protecting merchant trade and the British Empire, he focused on employing trained dockyard staff capable of responding to any international emergency. He was promoted to vice-admiral on 12 August 1819, advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath on 3 March 1830 and promoted to full admiral on 22 July 1830.
Martin's strong pro-Tory political views caused his downfall, when he used his position in Parliament as member for Plymouth, for which he had been elected in July 1818, to publicly criticise the new Whig government of Earl Grey in 1830. Infuriated and Sir James Graham, who had become First Lord of the Admiralty that year, approached Martin's old friend King William IV for a solution, resulting in Martin's dismissal
Thomas Carlaw Martin
Sir Thomas Carlaw Martin FRSE LLD was a Scottish newspaper editor and Director of the Royal Scottish Museum. He was born at Woodcocklaw Farm in Linlithgow on 10 April 1850, he studied at Heriot-Watt College Edinburgh University. After an initial start as a Post Office engineer he became a journalist and a newspaper editor, overseeing two Liberal publications: the "Scottish Leader" and "Dundee Advertiser". St Andrews University awarded him an honorary doctorate in 1903. Living in Dundee from 1895 to 1910 he lived at 23 Springfield, he was knighted by King Edward VII in 1902 for his contribution to transport proposals. In 1911 he was appointed Director of the Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh, succeeding David Vallance. In 1912 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Cargill Gilston Knott, John Horne and James Burgess. In life he lived at 4 Gordon Terrace in southern Edinburgh; when he retired in 1916 from the museum he was succeeded by Alexander Ormiston Curle.
He died in Edinburgh on 26 October 1920. He is buried with his wife in the Grange Cemetery in southern Edinburgh; the grave lies on the southern path, just east of the central path. In 1879 he married Isobel Laurie Spence. Custody and Guardianship of Children An Introduction to the Study of Crystals He was painted by William Quiller Orchardson around 1905
Thomas Commerford Martin
Thomas Commerford Martin was an American electrical engineer and editor. He was born in England, his father worked with Lord Kelvin and other pioneers of submarine telegraph cables, Martin spent much time on the cable-laying ship SS Great Eastern. Educated as a theological student, Martin came to the United States in 1877, he was associated with Thomas A. Edison in his work in 1877–1879 and thereafter was engaged in editorial work. From 1883 to 1909 he served as editor of the Electrical World, after 1909 was executive secretary of the National Electric Light Association, in 1900–1911 was a special agent of the United States Census Office. At various times he lectured at the Royal Institution of Engineers, the Paris Société Internationale des Electriciens, the University of Nebraska, Columbia University, he was a founding member of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, served as president in 1887-1888. The Electric Motor and Its Applications, with Joseph Wetzler Edison, His Life and Inventions, with Frank Lewis Dryer The Inventions and Writings of Nikola Tesla The Story of Electricity, 1919 with Stephen Leidy Coles Reminiscences Of Pioneer Days In St. Paul with Frank Moore, T. C. Martin biography retrieved December 1, 2009 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C..
"article name needed". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead. Works by Thomas Commerford Martin at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Thomas Commerford Martin at Internet Archive Works by Thomas Commerford Martin at LibriVox
Thomas Martin (moderator)
Rev Dr Thomas Martin DD was a Scottish minister who served as Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1920. He graduated MA from Edinburgh University in 1880. Martin was successively minister of Cramond, St Mary's in Edinburgh, Barony Church in Glasgow and and most lastingly, Peebles Parish Church. In 1920 he succeeded Very Rev William Paterson Paterson as Moderator, he was succeeded in turn in 1921 by James McClymont. He died on 7 January 1942, his children were Hugh Forgan Martin of Dollar Academy, Thomas Martin, a physician, Christian Isabella who married the theologian George Thomas Thomson
Thomas Reed Martin
Thomas Reed Martin was an architect, brought to Florida by one of its major developers during the turn of the twentieth century. He designed some 500 residences and various public and private buildings in Sarasota, as well as commercial buildings, his Florida buildings are located from Tampa to Fort Myers with many in Nokomis. He drew the original sketches for the home of Mable and John Ringling, but the design by Dwight James Baum was selected by Mable Ringling and built by Owen Burns after Martin declined a fee reduction proposed by John Ringling. Many of Martin's buildings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places, he was listed as a Great Floridian in 2000. Martin was the son of William Davidson Myra Martin, his family was part of the construction business for generations. Graduated from high school in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, he moved with his family to Chicago in 1883. Thomas married Sadie W. Coffin on February 19, 1890, they had a daughter. Martin was first employed as a draftsman with Global Machinery Co. in Chicago.
He apprenticed with the architectural firm of Roche in Chicago. At that firm, Martin met wealthy Chicago socialite and art patron, Bertha Palmer, the widow of Chicago real estate developer Potter Palmer. Palmer commissioned Roche to design her large winter home in Sarasota. Sketches for the house bear Martin's trademark signature, she soon would become one of the largest landholders in Florida and she became renowned for her real estate developments and the introduction of revolutionary agricultural and ranching practices in Florida. At the age of forty-four, Martin came to the Sarasota area from Chicago to work for Palmer in the fall of 1910, he was joined by his wife and children in 1911. He set up his own practice. Among the five hundred homes Martin designed in the Sarasota area, are many "Floridian" style homes use glass block and formed concrete embellished with Mediterranean Revival features. In the 1930s he and his son, were the architects for the Sarasota Municipal Auditorium, it was a federal economic stimulus project.
William J. Burns House, St. Armands Key Case House, in Sarasota Columbia Restaurant, in Tampa Lemon Bay Woman's Club Hacienda Hotel, in New Port Richey Roth Cigar Factory, in Sarasota Municipal Auditorium with Clarence A. Martin, a 1930s Works Progress Administration, in Sarasota L. D. Reagin House, in Sarasota Bacheller-Brewer Model Home Estate, in Sarasota Roth Cigar Factory, in Sarasota H. B. William House, in Sarasota
Thomas Bryan Martin
Thomas Bryan Martin was an 18th-century English American land agent, justice and planter in the colony of Virginia and in present-day West Virginia. Martin was the land agent of the Northern Neck Proprietary for his uncle Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron and served two terms in the House of Burgesses. Martin was born in Kent in 1731, was the grandson of Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron through his mother, Frances Fairfax Martin. Raised in humble surroundings in England, Martin relocated to Virginia in 1751 to assist his uncle, Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, in administering the Northern Neck Proprietary, which encompassed up to 5,000,000 acres. Martin resided with his uncle on their frontier Greenway Court estate in present-day Clarke County, Virginia, he earned the affections of Lord Fairfax on account of his energetic nature and loyalty, through Martin's growing influence Lord Fairfax relocated the proprietary's base of operations to Greenway Court in 1762 and made Martin steward and land agent of the proprietary.
Martin took an active role in civil affairs within the proprietary's domain. He served as a vestryman for the Anglican Frederick Parish, upon the creation of Hampshire County in 1754, he presided as the county's first justice and was further appointed the County Lieutenant, he represented Hampshire County in the House of Burgesses from 1756 to 1758 and serving with George Washington, represented Fredrick County from 1758 until 1761. Martin was appointed a trustee of the frontier towns of Winchester and Bath, he was appointed as the colonel of the Frederick County militia. Though not in the best of health, Martin was relied upon by the settlers of the proprietary to use his considerable resources in response to Native American attacks. Following the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Martin refused reappointment by Governor Patrick Henry as a justice of the Frederick County Commission of Peace. Afterward, Martin retreated from civil service and retired to Greenway Court, he maintained a low profile during the war, his uncle Lord Fairfax was treated with respect and consideration despite being the only resident peer in the American colonies.
Following the death of Lord Fairfax in 1781, Martin's brother Reverend Denny Martin Fairfax inherited the Northern Neck Proprietary, Martin was given the Greenway Court estate. He took his uncle's housekeeper Mrs. Crawford as his mistress and died unmarried in 1798. Martin bequeathed his Greenway Court estate and an adjoining 1,000 acres to his housekeeper Betsy Powers. Martin's brother Denny Fairfax was unable to properly maintain the proprietary and conveyed the remaining lands in 1797, thus terminating the Fairfax and Martin families' interests in the proprietary before it was formally dissolved in 1806; the city of Martinsburg, West Virginia, was named for Martin by his friend Adam Stephen. Thomas Bryan Martin was born in Kent, England, in 1731 and was the son of Denny Martin of Salts Manor and his wife Frances Fairfax Martin, his father and mother married in Kent. Martin's mother was the daughter of Thomas Fairfax, 5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron and his wife Catherine Colepeper Fairfax, thus a sister of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron and Robert Fairfax, 7th Lord Fairfax of Cameron.
His grandmother Catherine Colepeper Fairfax was the daughter of Thomas Colepeper, 2nd Baron Colepeper and his wife Margaretta van Hesse, from a Dutch noble family. Martin was named in honor of his uncle Thomas, he was baptized into the Anglican faith as "Thomas Brian" in Loose on April 11, 1731. Martin and his siblings were raised amid humble surroundings in England, he had seven siblings, including four brothers and three sisters: Edward Martin John Martin Reverend Denny Martin Frances Martin Sibylla Martin Philip Martin Anna Susanna Martin Martin's uncle Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron owned the Northern Neck Proprietary land grant, which he had inherited from Martin's great-grandfather Thomas Colepeper, 2nd Baron Colepeper in 1719. The proprietary constituted up to 5,000,000 acres of Virginia's Northern Neck and a vast area spanning west to the North Branch Potomac River headwaters; the Northern Neck Proprietary had been awarded by the exiled Charles II of England to seven of his supporters in 1649, again in 1688 by official patent.
One of these seven supporters, Lord Colepeper, acquired the right to the entire proprietary in 1681, his grandson, Lord Fairfax, inherited the land grant upon the death of his mother, Katherine Colepeper. Lord Fairfax dispatched his first cousin William Fairfax to replace Robert Carter I as the steward and land agent for the Northern Neck Proprietary, a position in which Fairfax served until his death in 1757. In 1750, Martin's uncle Lord Fairfax established himself at his hunting plantation Greenway Court estate near present-day White Post in Clarke County with the intention of administering the proprietary himself. Lord Fairfax had reserved this land as his private residence in 1747 known as "the Quarter". With his cousin William Fairfax acting as land agent, Lord Fairfax sought additional assistance in managing the proprietary and scrutinized which of his family members from England would be up to the task. Lord Fairfax first considered his brother Robert his brother-in-law Denny Martin, in 1751, he decided upon enlisting the assistance of his twenty
Thomas Mower Martin
Thomas Mower Martin was an English-born Canadian landscape painter dubbed "the father of Canadian art" Martin was born in London, the son of Edward H. Martin, sub-treasurer of the Inner Temple, Susan Abernethy, he was educated at various schools and lastly, the Military school in Enfield his father wanted him to become a soldier with the East India Company. But he was orphaned at 15 years of age, lived with an aunt who supported his desire to not proceed with military life and leave school to become a carpenter and draughtsman, he had had a hobby of sketching and painting, for several years and now, took part-time instruction at the South Kensington Schools in London but was self-taught in art. He found life in London unpleasant, was restless for a healthier life style and took advantage of the Canadian Government's offer of 107 free acres of land to enable him to immigrate and be a pioneer settler, he married Emma Nichols —they went on to have nine children. In 1862 they built a small house in Muskoka, Ontario.
Farming proved impossible because of the poor quality of the land and so the family moved and settled in Toronto, where Mower Martin soon became an established professional painter. Martin produced landscapes, still lifes and portraits in oils and etchings, he was one of a group of artists given passes by the Canadian Pacific Railway to paint landscapes in western Canada—they became known as the "Railway Painters". Earlier he had travelled and painted landscapes through eastern Canada and the United States, provided illustrations for two books by A & C Black, CANADA and Kew Gardens, he was a founding member of the Ontario Society of Artists in 1872, charter member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1880, was a member of the Royal British Colonial Society of Artists. Mower Martin exhibited as an artist during his lifetime and his works can be found in many public and private collections, including Windsor Castle in England. Martin was a member of the Swedenborgian church and wrote philosophical leaflets for the organisation.
He died at the age of 96 in 1934. Campbell, Wilfred. Canada. Moncrieff, A. R. Hope. Kew gardens. Bealby, J. T. Peeps at many lands: Canada.. Graeme, Toni Father of Canadian Art. Macdonald, Colin S. A Dictionary of Canadian Artists, Volume 4 ISBN 0-919554-20-2 Lerner, Loren Ruth & Williamson, Mary F. Art and architecture in Canada p664. ISBN 0-8020-5856-6 Works by Thomas Mower Martin at Faded Page Thomas Mower Martin. Mower Martin archive