Ryan ten Doeschate
Ryan Neil ten Doeschate is a Dutch professional cricketer who has represented the Netherlands at both One Day International and Twenty20 International level. Considered "one of the finest players the non-Test world has produced", he has been named ICC Associate Player of the Year on a record three occasions, in 2008, 2010, 2011. Ten Doeschate holds the highest batting average in ODI cricket by a batsman with more than 20 innings. Born and raised in South Africa, ten Doeschate signed with Essex CCC for the 2003 English season, qualifying under the Bosman ruling through his Dutch citizenship. A right-handed all-rounder, he first represented the Dutch national team at the 2005 ICC Trophy, has since played a number of other tournaments for the side, including the 2009 World Twenty20 and the 2011 World Cup. At the latter tournament, ten Doeschate scored 119 runs against England, the first ODI century by a Dutch player against a full member of the ICC. Ten Doeschate now lives in Loughton. At domestic level, ten Doeschate first established himself as a regular for Essex during the 2006 season, was named the team's limited-overs captain for the 2014 season.
He has represented a number of professional Twenty20 sides in other countries, including franchises in Australia's KFC Twenty20 Big Bash, the Bangladesh Premier League, the Indian Premier League, New Zealand's HRV Twenty20, South Africa's MiWay T20 Challenge, Zimbabwe's Stanbic Bank 20 Series. He matriculated at Fairbairn College in Goodwood, near Cape Town in 1998. While at school, he excelled at both cricket. In 2003, Graham Gooch was on tour with Essex in South Africa and saw ten Doeschate's talent for the first time in a match against a Western Province second XI. Against Essex, he first excelled with the ball in a four-day game, he did well with the bat in a one-dayer. It did not take long for Gooch to talk to old friend Peter Kirsten one of the Western Province coaches who mentioned ten Doeschate's EU citizenship passport that would make him eligible to play in England. In 2008, ten Doeschate became one of the cornerstones of a strong Essex team and enjoyed success with them by winning the Friends Provident Trophy and Pro40 Division 2.
During a Clydesdale Bank 40 match against the Derbyshire Falcons, ten Doeschate managed 109 not out as the Essex Eagles won on the Duckworth-Lewis method. In 2010, ten Doeschate led the batting averages for Essex in England's Friends Provident t20 this year, making 296 runs in six matches at an average of 59.20. He had best economy-rate for his side, conceding 6.81 runs an over, though he bowled only 11 overs. In 2010, he signed with Tasmania for the Twenty20 Big Bash in 2010/11, he was joined Pakistan fast bowler Rana Naved-ul-Hasan as Tasmania's two international players the season. Ten Doeschate was declared the Most Valuable Player the last time he played in the tournament for Canterbury in the 2010/11 season with 284 runs from nine games to be the second-highest run-getter in the league, he was their joint fourth-highest wicket-taker, with 12 wickets in nine games at an average of 17.66 and played a key role in their wins over Wellington and Otago early in the competition. In January 2011, ten Doeschate was picked by the Kolkata Knight Riders team in the IPL 2011 Auction for $150,000.
Ten Doeschate was the first Associate player to win an IPL contract. His selection made ten Doeschate the second Dutch player after Dirk Nannes to play in the Indian Premier League. In 2011, he smashed 121 not out off 58 balls to lead Mashonaland Eagles to the final of the Stanbic Bank 20 Series. Ten Doeschate's hundred helped Eagles beat Matabeleland Tuskers by 23 runs on the Duckworth-Lewis method in the qualifying final and set up a clash with Mountaineers, he struck eight sixes and six fours in his innings and was unperturbed by wickets falling at the other end. In 2012, he signed Otago Volts in New Zealand's T20 league. During the season ten Doeschate finished second on the runs-scorer list with 401 runs in 10 innings at an average of 50.12. In 2013, in the Bangladesh Premier League, The Kings needed one batsman to take charge, after Brendan Taylor left that responsibility was taken by ten Doeschate. Ten Doeschate finished as the second highest run-scorer of the tournament; the form of Ravi Bopara had led to ten Doeschate being benched.
When wickets were falling at the other end, he was struggling with his timing, ten Doeschate had an answer case in point, the second semifinal against the Sylhet Royals when he struck a vital 44 off 28 balls to steer the Kings home, into the BPL final. In 2013, ten Doeschate and Hamish Rutherford produced exhilarating performances with the bat as Essex beat Scotland by 125 runs at Chelmsford; the home side reached 368 for 7 to record their highest 40-overs total before their opponents responded with 243 for 8. Ten Doeschate thrashed his way to 180 as his best limited-overs score for the county while New Zealand international Rutherford powered his way to 110 on his Essex debut with the pair posting 230 in 22.1 overs, a new county record for the fourth wicket in List A matches. In successive innings in international matches for The Netherlands in the ICC Intercontinental Cup competition in 2005 and 2006 he scored 84, 158, 138, 100 and 259 not out in the victory over Canada in December 2006.
This latter innings set a new record for the competition, breaking the mark of 247 established by Bermuda's David Hemp earlier in the same tournament. Ten Doeschate was selected in the Netherlands squad for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. In a warm-up match prior to the World Cup, he captured five wi
In cricket, the term wicket has several meanings. Firstly, it is one of two bails at either end of the pitch; the wicket is guarded by a batsman who, with his bat, attempts to prevent the ball from hitting the wicket. Secondly, through metonymic usage, the dismissal of a batsman is known as the taking of a wicket, thirdly, the cricket pitch itself is sometimes called the wicket; the origin of the word is from a small gate. Cricket wickets had only two stumps and one bail and looked like a gate; the third stump was introduced in 1775. The size and shape of the wicket has changed several times during the last 300 years and its dimensions and placing is now determined by Law 8 in the Laws of Cricket, thus: Law 8: The wickets; the wicket consists of three wooden stumps. The stumps are placed along the batting crease with equal distances between each stump, they are positioned. Two wooden bails are placed in shallow grooves on top of the stumps; the bails must not project more than 0.5 inches above the stumps, must, for men's cricket, be 4.31 inches long.
There are specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail. There are different specifications for the bails for junior cricket; the umpires may dispense with the bails. Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix D to the laws. For a batsman to be dismissed by being bowled, run out, stumped or hit wicket, his wicket needs to be put down. What this means is defined by Law 29. A wicket is put down if a bail is removed from the top of the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the grounds by the ball, the striker's bat, the striker's person, a fielder. A 2010 amendment to the Laws clarified the rare circumstance where a bat breaks during the course of a shot and the detached debris breaks the wicket; the wicket is put down if a fielder pulls a stump out of the ground in the same manner. If one bail is off, removing the remaining bail or striking or pulling any of the three stumps out of the ground is sufficient to put the wicket down. A fielder may remake the wicket, if necessary, in order to put it down to have an opportunity of running out a batsman.
If however both bails are off, a fielder must remove one of the three stumps out of the ground with the ball, or pull it out of the ground with a hand or arm, provided that the ball is held in the hand or hands so used, or in the hand of the arm so used. If the umpires have agreed to dispense with bails, for example, it is too windy for the bails to remain on the stumps, the decision as to whether the wicket has been put down is one for the umpire concerned to decide. After a decision to play without bails, the wicket has been put down if the umpire concerned is satisfied that the wicket has been struck by the ball, by the striker's bat, person, or items of his clothing or equipment separated from his person as described above, or by a fielder with the hand holding the ball or with the arm of the hand holding the ball; the dismissal of a batsman is known as the taking of a wicket. The batsman is said to have lost his wicket, the batting side is said to have lost a wicket, the fielding side to have taken a wicket, the bowler is said to have taken his wicket, if the dismissal is one of the types for which the bowler receives credit.
This language is used if the dismissal did not involve the stumps and bails in any way, for example, a catch. Though note that the other four of the five most common methods of dismissal do involve the stumps and bails being put down, or prevented from being put down by the batsman; the word wicket has this meaning in the following contexts: A team's score is described in terms of the total number of runs scored and the total number of wickets lost. The number of wickets taken is a primary measure of a individual bowler's ability, a key part of a bowling analysis; the sequence of time over which two particular batsmen bat together, a partnership, is referred to as a numbered wicket when discriminating it from other partnerships in the innings. The first wicket partnership is from the start of the innings until the team loses its first wicket, i.e. one of the first two batsmen is dismissed. The second wicket partnership is from when the third batsman starts batting until the team loses its second wicket, i.e. a second batsman is dismissed.
Etc... The tenth wicket or last wicket partnership is from when the eleventh batsman starts batting until the team loses its tenth wicket, i.e. a tenth batsman is dismissed. A team can win a match by a certain number of wickets; this means that they were batting last, reached the winning target with a certain number of batsmen still not dismissed. For example, if the side scored the required number of runs to win with only three batsmen dismissed, they are said to have won by seven wickets; the word wicket is sometimes used to refer to the cricket pitch itself. According to the Laws of Cricket, this usage is incorrect, but it is in common usage and understood by cricket followers; the term sticky wicket refers to a situation in which the pitch has become damp due to rain or high humidity. This makes the path of the ball more unpredictable thus making the
William Thomas Stuart Porterfield is an Irish cricketer, the captain of the Ireland cricket team in Test and One Day International formats and has played first-class cricket for Gloucestershire and Warwickshire. A left-handed batsman, he has played for Ireland since 2006, has captained Ireland at all levels from Under-13 upwards. During Afghanistan T20I series in March 2017, he passed 1,000 runs in T20Is and became the first player for Ireland to do so. In May 2018, he was named as the captain of Ireland's squad for their first Test match, against Pakistan. In December 2018, he was one of nineteen players to be awarded a central contract by Cricket Ireland for the 2019 season. On 31 January 2007, he scored his maiden ODI century with an unbeaten 112 to guide his side to victory over Bermuda, he followed it up in his next game with 104 not out against Kenya. In the 2007 World Cup he was man of the match with 85 against Bangladesh during a Super Eight game, which Ireland won. Porterfield scored his maiden first-class century in late August 2007.
In a match against Bermuda as part of the 2007–08 ICC Intercontinental Cup, Porterfield scored 166 runs from 326 balls. In the 2011 Cricket World Cup, Porterfield reached a fifty against the Netherlands, he helped his team to victory over the Netherlands. Porterfield was appointed Ireland captain at the start of the 2008 season, succeeding Trent Johnston. Porterfield said "I've learnt a lot from Trent – he brought young players through, looked after them and he set an example by how he went about his game and how he prepared on and off the field. I may be young but I've plenty of experience of captaincy and I love it, being out there right in the mixer. I was vice-captain under Trent and I filled in when he was off the field so I've had a taste of it". Despite being Ireland's official captain, Porterfield chose to represent his county instead of leading Ireland in their ODIs against Scotland and New Zealand in July 2008 in an attempt to secure a permanent position at Gloucestershire, he said "It's the hardest decision I've had to make...
I feel it's the right decision for me at this stage in my career". Porterfield was one of seven Ireland players to be nominated for the 2009 Associate and Affiliate Player of the Year. Speaking about the award, Portfield said "It's been a fantastic year for us; this award caps it off on a personal note but it's great for the team to be going to the World Cup having won the ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier early this year. This award is great for Irish cricket and it shows how much we have done on the field. If we continue onwards and keep on making improvements in that department other awards will follow." A side made up of some of the best players from Associate and Affiliate teams was put together to face England in Dubai in January 2012. The three-day match was part of England's preparation for a series against Pakistan that month. Porterfield was one of four Ireland players included. Porterfield was selected in Ireland's 15-man squad for the 2011 World Cup, he led them to a famous victory over England and to narrow defeats to Bangladesh, West Indies and India, as well as hitting the hundredth six of the tournament during the match against hosts India.
He captained Ireland to a victory over the Netherlands. In May 2018, Porterfield was named as the captain of a fourteen-man squad for Ireland's first Test match, played against Pakistan the same month, he made his Test debut for Ireland, against Pakistan, on 11 May 2018. In January 2019, he was named in Ireland's squad for their one-off Test against Afghanistan in India. Between 2004 and 2006, Porterfield played Second XI cricket for Durham, MCC Young Cricketers, Northamptonshire and Kent. Porterfield attracted interest from Gloucestershire during the 2007 World Cup and was given a trial with the county in between international commitments. In the 2007 season, Porterfield became the first Irishman to score 1,000 runs in a calendar year, towards the end of the season Gloucestershire offered him a two-year contract, he guided Ireland to their first victory against a county side in two years against Warwickshire with an innings of 69 from 110 balls. Porterfield was absent from Ireland's last two Friends Provident Trophy matches as he was called into the Gloucestershire squad, Kyle McCallan took over the role of captain.
After Gloucestershire batsman Craig Spearman sustained an injury, Porterfield was given the opportunity to play for Gloucestershire opening the batting. He came close to scoring his maiden first-class century for Gloucestershire in a match against Glamorgan County Cricket Club in August 2008 but was out for 93. On 10 September, he and Kadeer Ali shared in Gloucestershire's highest opening partnership of the season. In August 2010, he set a new career best in scoring 175 in the first innings of a County Championship Division Two match between Gloucestershire and Worcestershire at CheltenhamAt the end of the season, Porterfield was one of several players to leave Gloucestershire. In October 2010 he signed a three-year contract with Warwickshire, joining fellow Ireland international Boyd Rankin. William Porterfield at ESPNcricinfo William Porterfield at CricketArchive
The Southern Rocks was one of five Zimbabwean cricket franchises. They were a first-class cricket team, based in the Matabeleland South area, they played. They ceased to play after the 2013-14 season. In their 47 first-class matches they won 3, lost 27, drew 17. Following the decline of the standard of cricket in Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Cricket used a new set of teams for all the first-class, List A and the Twenty20 formats of the game; the Southern Rocks were based in Matabeleland South area. The Southern Rocks debut in the Logan Cup was disastrous; the Rocks played 12 lost six, while drawing six. These included heavy defeats such as a 234-run defeat to Mash Eagles, an 8-wicket loss to Mountaineers, a defeat by an innings and 214 runs to Matabeleland Tuskers, an innings and 87 runs defeat to the Tuskers, an innings and 114 runs defeat to Mountaineers, an innings and 19 runs defeat to Mashonaland Eagles, etc; the team's first draw was against Mid West Rhinos, achieved at Masvingo Sports Club. Southern Rocks lost their first List A match to Mountaineers by 5 wickets at Mutare Sports Club, but duly bounced back to finish in fourth place in the group stage and qualify for the semi-final.
In the semi, they were crushed by Mountaineers by seven wickets to eliminate them from the competition, despite Steve Tikolo providing some resistance to Mountaineers with a 37 in a Rocks total of 131 all out. Rocks had a worse Stanbic Bank Twenty20 tournament in 2009-10 and finished in last place with just 1 win and four losses from five matches, their only win came in a 43-run win over Matabeleland Tuskers, possible due to excellent batting from openers Chamu Chibhabha and Sikandar Raza. The Southern Rocks again had a poor Logan Cup, with five defeats from 12 matches, seven draws; the Rocks had a brilliant campaign. They were by far the strongest team of the tournament, first finishing third in the group, with three wins out of eight matches defeating the Tuskers in the semi-final by a massive nine-wickets. Brian Vitori, Rocks' standout bowler, took improbable figures of 5-26, as the Tuskers were shot out for 94. Chamu Chibhabha scored 45*, to lead the victory. In the final, Michael Chinouya took brilliant figures of 3-28, despite Malcolm Waller scoring a 68, the Mid West Rhinos were shot out for 151.
The Rocks cruised to the title by eight wickets with Sikandar Raza scoring 44 and Craig Ervine 42*. Rocks kept their nerve in the chase; the rain never came though, Rocks' batsmen were clinical in taking their team home with plenty of time to spare. It was the perfect way for Rocks to finish their season, an important revival in their fortunes after they had a torrid Logan Cup in which they finished bottom of the table with no wins; the Rocks started the series with a bang. In an attempt to win the championship, the Rocks purchased former West Indian legend Brian Lara, former English fast bowler Ryan Sidebottom, Zimbabwean-born Hampshire batsman Sean Ervine; the first match Rocks played was lost by 28 runs, despite Lara top-scoring with 65 on Twenty20 debut. The Rocks finished fourth in the group pool; as the Rocks did not proceed to the semis, they fought for third place in the group with Matabeleland Tuskers. In that match, they were crushed by nine wickets with Charles Coventry leading the way with a boundary-laden 67*.
The Rocks are having an awful Logan Cup, being at the bottom of the group with 4 defeats from 4 matches. The Southern Rocks are third in the group with 2 victories from 5 games, they have shown promise, including a remarkable tied game against Mid West Rhinos, with Rocks captain Tatenda Taibu scoring a hundred. Southern Rocks had an awful tournament, finishing in last place, without a single victory out of four games; the lost three, one resulted in a no-result. They thus missed out on a place with Mashonaland Eagles sealing fourth place. In April 2014 the Southern Rocks franchise was suspended. From the 2014-15 season Southern Rocks will no longer compete, there will be only four domestic teams in Zimbabwe; when the franchise was debuting in the 2009-10 Logan Cup, the team consisted of Zimbabwean international and domestic players, although some foreign internationals started taking part, for example, Kenya's Steve Tikolo and Thomas Odoyo. Key players included Chamu Chibhabha, Erick Chauluka, rising star and batting talent Craig Ervine, spinner Tafadzwa Kamungozi, Keith Kondo, fast bowler Blessing Mahwire, wicket-keeper batsman Alester Maregwede, spinner Hilary Matanga, Odoyo and rising young fast bowler Brian Vitori.
For the 2009-10 Stanbic Bank 20 Series, the Rocks made their first big signings when they purchased Hampshire County Cricket Club stalwart batsman, Sean Ervine, former Australian cricketer Ian Harvey. They started the 2010-11 season with a bang. In a bid to win the 2010-11 Stanbic Bank 20 Series, the Rocks signed former West Indian legend Brian Lara, a former English great fast bowler Ryan Sidebottom. Sean Ervine was retained from the previous season. Lara made his Twenty20 debut and scored 65 on his debut, top-scoring with 65, added a further 34 runs from 2 innings, before leaving citing commitments elsewhere. Southern Rocks finished third in the series. For the 2011-12 season, the only substantial overseas signings were Jon Kent of South Africa and the Kenyan Alex Obanda; the results were not so bright, with Southern Rocks finishing bottom of the group pool at the 2011-12 Stanbic Bank 20 Series and thus getting elim
Sir Ian Terence Botham, OBE is a British cricket commentator and former cricketer. Regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders in cricket history, Botham represented England in both Test and One-Day International cricket, he played most of his first-class cricket for Somerset, for Worcestershire and Queensland. He was an aggressive right-handed batsman and, as a right arm fast-medium bowler, was noted for his swing bowling, he fielded close to the wicket, predominantly in the slips. In Test cricket, Botham scored 14 centuries with a highest score of 208, from 1986 to 1988, he held the world record for the most Test wickets until overtaken by fellow all-rounder Sir Richard Hadlee, he took five wickets in 10 wickets in a match four times. In 1980, he became the second player in Test history to complete the "match double" of scoring 100 runs and taking 10 wickets in the same match. Botham has at times been involved in controversy including a publicised court case involving rival all-rounder Imran Khan and an ongoing dispute with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
These incidents, allied to his on-field success, have attracted media attention from the tabloid press. Botham has made effective use of the fame given to him by the publicity because he is concerned about leukaemia in children and has undertaken several long distance walks to raise money for research into the disease; these efforts have been successful and have realised millions of pounds for Bloodwise, of which he became president. In recognition of his services to charity, he was awarded a knighthood in the 2007 New Years Honours List. On 8 August 2009, he was inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. Botham has a wide range of sporting interests outside cricket, he had to choose between cricket and football as a career. He chose cricket but so, he did play professional football for a few seasons and made eleven appearances in the Football League for Scunthorpe United, he is a keen golfer and his other pastimes include angling and shooting. Ian Botham was born in Cheshire, to Herbert Leslie Botham and Violet Marie, née Collett.
His father had been in the Fleet Air Arm for twenty years spanning the Second World War. The family moved to Yeovil before Botham's third birthday after his father got a job as a test engineer at Westland Helicopters. Both his parents played cricket: his father for Westland Sports Club while his mother captained a nursing services team at Sherborne. Botham developed an eagerness for the game before he had started school: he would climb through the fence of the Yeovil Boys' Grammar School to watch the pupils play cricket. At the age of around four, he came home with a cricket ball and asked his mother "Do you know how to hold a ball when you're going to bowl a daisy-cutter?" He subsequently went away to practise bowling it. Botham attended Milford Junior School in the town and it was there that his "love affair" with sport began, he played both football for the school's teams at the age of nine. Playing against the older boys forced Botham to learn to hit the ball hard, improve to their standard.
At the same age he went to matches with his father, who played for Westland Sports Club, if one of the teams was short, he would try to get a match. His father recalled that though he never got to bowl, got to bat, he received praise for the standard of his fielding, he joined the Boys' Brigade. By the time he was nine, he had begun to "haunt" local recreation grounds with his kit always ready, looking to play for any team, short of players. By the age of twelve he was playing occasional matches for Yeovil Cricket Club's second team. Botham went on to Bucklers Mead Comprehensive School in Yeovil, where he continued to do well in sport and played for the school's cricket and football teams, he became captain of their under-16 cricket team. His performances for the school drew the attention of Somerset County Cricket Club's youth coach Bill Andrews. Still thirteen, he scored 80 runs on debut for Somerset's under-15s side against Wiltshire, but the team captain Phil Slocombe did not call on him to bowl as he considered him to be a specialist batsman.
Two years Botham had the opportunity to choose between football and cricket: Bert Head, manager of Crystal Palace offered him apprentice forms with the First Division club. He had a contract with Somerset and, after discussing the offer with his father, decided to continue to pursue a cricket career, as he believed he was a better cricketer; when informed that he wanted to be a sportsman, Botham's careers teacher said to him: "Fine, everyone wants to play sport, but what are you going to do?" In 1972, at the age of 16, Botham left school intent on playing cricket for Somerset, who retained his contract but felt he was too young to justify a full professional deal. So, Botham joined the ground staff at Lord's; as a ground boy, he had numerous tasks such as "cleaning the pavilion windows, pushing the roller on matchdays, selling scorecards, pressing electronic buttons on the scoreboards and rushing bowling analyses to the dressing-room". He received coaching and plenty of time in the practice nets, was the first to arrive and the last to leave practice.
Despite his time in the nets, Botham was only considered by Marylebone Cricket Club coach Harry Sharp to have the potential to become a "good, average county cricketer." Botham travelled to play for Somerset under-25s a number of times during the season, but failed to excel i
ESPNcricinfo is a sports news website for the game of cricket. The site features news, live coverage of cricket matches, StatsGuru, a database of historical matches and players from the 18th century to the present; as of March 2018, Sambit Bal was the editor. The site conceived in a pre-World Wide Web form in 1993 by Dr Simon King, was acquired in 2002 by the Wisden Group—publishers of several notable cricket magazines and the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack; as part of an eventual breakup of the Wisden Group, it was sold to ESPN, jointly owned by The Walt Disney Company and Hearst Corporation, in 2007. CricInfo was launched on 15 March 1993 by Dr Simon King, a British researcher at the University of Minnesota, with help from students and researchers at universities around the world; the site was reliant on contributions from fans around the world who spent hours compiling electronic scorecards and contributing them to CricInfo's comprehensive archive, as well as keying in live scores from games around the world using CricInfo's scoring software, "dougie".
In 2000, Cricinfo's estimated worth was $150 million. Cricinfo's significant growth in the 1990s made it an attractive site for investors during the peak of the dotcom boom, in 2000 it received $37 million worth of Satyam Infoway Ltd. shares in exchange for a 25% stake in the company. It used around $22m worth of the paper to pay off initial investors but only raised about £6 million by selling the remaining stock. While the site continued to attract more and more users and operated on a low cost base, its income was not enough to support a peak staff of 130 in nine countries, forcing redundancies. By late 2002 the company was making a monthly operating profit and was one of few independent sports sites to avoid collapse. However, the business was still servicing a large loan. Cricinfo was acquired by Paul Getty's Wisden Group, the publisher of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack and The Wisden Cricketer, renamed Wisden Cricinfo; the Wisden brand were phased out in favor of Cricinfo for Wisden's online operations.
In December 2005, Wisden re-launched its discontinued Wisden Asia Cricket magazine as Cricinfo Magazine, a magazine dedicated to coverage of Indian cricket. The magazine published its last issue in July 2007. In 2006, revenue was reported to be £3m. In 2007, the Wisden Group began to be sold to other companies. In June 2007, ESPN Inc. announced. The acquisition was intended to help further expand Cricinfo by combining the site with ESPN's other web properties, including ESPN.com and ESPN Soccernet. Terms of the acquisition were not disclosed; as of 2018, Sambit Bal is the Editor-in-Chief of ESPNcricinfo. In 2013, ESPNcricinfo.com celebrated its 20 anniversary of founding with a series of online features. The annual ESPNcricinfo Awards have become an popular event in the cricket calendar. ESPNcricinfo's popularity was further demonstrated on 24 February 2010, when the site could not handle the heavy traffic experienced after the great Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar broke the record for the highest individual male score in a One Day International match with 200*.
ESPNcricinfo contains various news, blogs and fantasy sports games. Among its most popular feature are its liveblogs of cricket matches, which includes a bevy of scorecard options, allowing readers to track such aspects of the game as wagon wheels and partnership breakdowns. For each match, the live scores are accompanied by a bulletin, which details the turning points of the match and some of the off-field events; the site used to offer Cricinfo 3D, a feature which utilizes a match's scoring data to generate a 3D animated simulation of a live match. Regular columns on ESPNcricinfo include "All Today's Yesterdays", an "On this day" column focusing on historical cricket events, "Quote Unquote", which features notable quotes from cricketers and cricket administrators. "Ask Steven" is another regular section on ESPNCricinfo. It is a Tuesday column. Among its most extensive feature is StatsGuru, a database created by Travis Basevi, containing statistics on players, teams, information about cricket boards, details of future tournaments, individual teams, records.
In May 2014, ESPNcricinfo launched CricIQ, an online test to challenge every fan’s cricket knowledge. The Cricket Monthly claims itself to be the world’s first digital-only cricket magazine; the first issue was dated August 2014. ESPNcricinfo History of the first decade of Cricinfo by Badri Seshadri, September 26, 2013 CricInfo – How it all began by Rohan Chandran, 2013, with an insiders view of the who and what and comments by other pioneers
Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nairobi, which translates to "cool water", a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city; the city proper had a population of 3,138,369 in the 2009 census, while the metropolitan area has a population of 6,547,547. The city is popularly referred to as the Green City in the Sun. Nairobi was founded in 1899 by the colonial authorities in British East Africa, as a rail depot on the Uganda Railway; the town grew to replace Machakos as the capital of Kenya in 1907. After independence in 1963, Nairobi became the capital of the Republic of Kenya. During Kenya's colonial period, the city became a centre for the colony's coffee and sisal industry; the city lies on the River Athi in the southern part of the country, has an elevation of 1,795 metres above sea level. With a population of 3.36 million in 2011, Nairobi is the second-largest city by population in the African Great Lakes region after Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
According to the 2009 census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 3,138,295 inhabitants lived within 696 km2. Nairobi is the 10th-largest city including the population of its suburbs. Home to thousands of Kenyan businesses and over 100 major international companies and organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme and the United Nations Office at Nairobi, Nairobi is an established hub for business and culture; the Nairobi Securities Exchange is one of the largest in Africa and the second-oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa's fourth-largest exchange in terms of trading volume, capable of making 10 million trades a day. Nairobi is found within the Greater Nairobi Metropolitan region, which consists of 5 out of 47 counties in Kenya, which generates about 60% of the entire nation's GDP; the counties are: Source: NairobiMetro/ Kenya Census The site of Nairobi was part of an uninhabited swamp. The name Nairobi itself comes from the Maasai expression meaning "cool waters", referring to the cold water stream which flowed through the area.
With the arrival of the Uganda Railway, the site was identified by Sir George Whitehouse for a store depot, shunting ground and camping ground for the Indian labourers working on the railway. Whitehouse, chief engineer of the railway, favoured the site as an ideal resting place due to its high elevation, temperate climate and being situated before the steep ascent of the Limuru escarpments, his choice was however criticised by officials within the Protectorate government who felt the site was too flat, poorly drained and infertile. In 1898, Arthur Church was commissioned to design the first town layout for the railway depot, it constituted two streets – Victoria Street and Station Street, ten avenues, staff quarters and an Indian commercial area. The railway arrived at Nairobi on 30 May 1899, soon Nairobi replaced Machakos as the headquarters of the provincial administration for Ukamba province. On the arrival of the railway, Whitehouse remarked that "Nairobi itself will in the course of the next two years become a large and flourishing place and there are many applications for sites for hotels and houses.
The town's early years were however beset with problems of malaria leading to at least one attempt to have the town moved. In the early 1900s, Bazaar Street was rebuilt after an outbreak of plague and the burning of the original town. Between 1902 and 1910, the town's population rose from 5,000 to 16,000 and grew around administration and tourism in the form of big game hunting. In 1907, Nairobi replaced Mombasa as the capital of the East Africa Protectorate. In 1908, a further outbreak of the plague led to Europeans concluding that the cause was unhygienic conditions in the Indian Bazaar; the government responded by restricting lower class Indians and African natives to specific quarters for residence and trade setting a precedent for racial segregation in the commercial sphere. By the outset of the First World War, Nairobi was well established as a European settler colony through immigration and land alienation. In 1919, Nairobi was declared to be a municipality. In 1921, Nairobi had 24,000 residents.
The next decade would see a growth in native African communities into Nairobi, where they would go on to constitute a majority for the first time. In February 1926, colonial officer Eric Dutton passed through Nairobi on his way to Mount Kenya, said of the city: Maybe one day Nairobi will be laid out with tarred roads, with avenues of flowering trees, flanked by noble buildings, and it is fair to say that the Government and the Municipality have bravely tackled the problem and that a town-plan ambitious enough to turn Nairobi into a thing of beauty has been worked out, much has been done. But until that plan has borne fruit, Nairobi must remain what she was a slatternly creature, unfit to queen it over so lovely a country; the continuous expansion of the city began to anger the Maasai, as the city was devouring their land to the south. It angered the Kikuyu people, who wanted the land returned to them. After the end of World War II, this friction developed into the Mau Mau rebellion. Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's future president, was jailed for his involvement though there was no evidence linking him to the rebellion.
The pressure exerted from the locals onto the British resulted in Kenyan independence in 1963, with Nairobi as the capital of the new republic. After independence, Nairobi grew and this growth put pressure on the city's