Thomas P. Hardy House

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Thomas P. Hardy House
Thomas P Hardy House Racine, WI.jpg
Thomas P. Hardy House is located in Wisconsin
Thomas P. Hardy House
Thomas P. Hardy House is located in the US
Thomas P. Hardy House
Location1319 S. Main St., Racine, Wisconsin
Coordinates42°42′59″N 87°46′55″W / 42.71639°N 87.78194°W / 42.71639; -87.78194Coordinates: 42°42′59″N 87°46′55″W / 42.71639°N 87.78194°W / 42.71639; -87.78194
Arealess than one acre
ArchitectFrank Lloyd Wright
Architectural stylePrairie school
NRHP reference #74000120[1]
Added to NRHPDecember 3, 1974

The Thomas P. Hardy House is a Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Prairie school home in Racine, Wisconsin, USA, that was built in 1905.[2] The street-facing side of the house is mostly stucco, giving the residents privacy from the nearby sidewalk and street, but the expansive windows on the other side open up to Lake Michigan.[3]

Perched on a bluff overlooking Lake Michigan, the house is built vertically up and down the hillside, and has a partial basement.[3] The design of the seven art glass windows on the first floor facing the street is an abstraction of the floorplan of the house itself.[4] Most of the windows are either on the top level, or on the lake side. Not visible from the street side are the terrace, one story below street level, and the two-story living room which, with its upper-story balcony, opens the entire living quarters to the lake view.[5]

From 2013 to 2015, a renovation was completed on the home, including a color change back to its original terra cotta.[6]

This house demonstrates Wright's ability to fit a design to a site. Most of the homes on this street are quite close to the sidewalk, since the hill drops away from the street and towards the lake very quickly, but Wright's entryway for the Hardy house is literally at the line of the sidewalk.

The house is considered by some to be one of Wright's classics. Henry Russell Hitchcock writes "Other dramatic possibilities of steep sites above water for these winged... houses are to be found in the Johnson house at Delavan Lake [Wisconsin] and the Scudder project for one of the islands at the Sault.... But the masterpiece is the Hardy house of 1905 at Racine."[7][5]


  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Thomas P. Hardy House". Frank Lloyd Wright Trust. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  3. ^ a b "Thomas P. Hardy House". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  4. ^ Hertzberg, Mark. "Sun and Shadows at the Hardy House". Wright in Racine. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  5. ^ a b Charlene Stant Engel (June 10, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Thomas P. Hardy House". National Park Service. Retrieved February 16, 2017. with two photos from 1971
  6. ^ Hertzberg, Mark. "Hardy House finish color revealed". Wright in Racine. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  7. ^ Hitchcock, Henry Russell (1975). In the Nature of Materials: The Buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright - 1887-1941. Da Capo Press. p. 44. ISBN 0306800195.
  • Hertzberg, Mark. Frank Lloyd Wright's Hardy House. Pomegranate, 2006, ISBN 0-7649-3761-8 (978-0-7649-3761-3).
  • Storrer, William Allin. The Frank Lloyd Wright Companion. University Of Chicago Press, 2006, ISBN 0-226-77621-2 (S.115)

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