Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe

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Thomas Randolph (~1683 – 1729),[1] also known as Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe, was the first settler at Tuckahoe, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, and the second child of William Randolph and Mary Isham.[2][3][4]


Randolph was born on the Turkey Island Plantation along the James River in Henrico County, Virginia in 1681.[2] Based on a New Kent County marriage record, Thomas Randolph married Judith Fleming (ca. 1689-ca. 1740) in 1712 and the same Judith Fleming was named as Randolph's widow in a subsequent settlement upon her marriage to Nicholas Davies in 1733. The couple had three children:[2][3]

The historian William Edward Railey reported that Randolph married Churchill in 1710, but she died in 1712 (possibly during the birth of his oldest son, William).[9] Railey notes that Randolph married his second wife, Fleming, that same year on October 16, 1712 in New Kent County, Virginia;[9][10] this information is now known to be incorrect, and based on the writings of Richard Randolph of Bizarre (1770-1796). Both Thomas Mann Randolph's grandmothers (Richard's great-grandmothers) were named Judith; one was Judith Fleming , married to Thomas Randolph; and the other was Judith Wormeley (1694-1716), step-daughter of Col. William Churchill, married to Mann Page in 1712, and mother of Maria Judith (Page) Randolph.

Tuckahoe was reportedly built by Randolph around the time of his marriage to Judith Fleming, but dendrochronology analysis on the house reveals the present dwelling was most likely constructed beginning ca. 1735.[3] His estate was in the part of Henrico County that later became Goochland County.[11] Randolph and his brother William Randolph II were the two representatives from Henrico in the House of Burgesses for the 1720 to 1722 session,[11] he was the county lieutenant for Goochland in 1728.[11]

Randolph was a great-uncle of United States President Thomas Jefferson.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Some references indicate the husband of Mary Randolph to be William Keith.[2][3][8]


  1. ^ Randolph, Robert Isham (1936). The Randolphs of Virginia: A Compilation of the Descendants of William Randolph of Turkey Island and His Wife Mary Isham Of Bermuda Hundred (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-27.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Page, Richard Channing Moore (1893). "Randolph Family". Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia (2 ed.). New York: Press of the Publishers Printing Co. pp. 249–272.
  3. ^ a b c d Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed. (1898). "The Randolphs: Randolph Genealogy". Some Colonial Mansions: And Those Who Lived In Them : With Genealogies Of The Various Families Mentioned. 1. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Henry T. Coates & Company. pp. 430–459.
  4. ^ Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. (1915). "Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons". Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. II. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 311.
  5. ^ Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society (Vol 16 No 47 ed.). Frankfort, KY: Kentucky State Historical Society. May 1918. p. 64. Retrieved 28 February 2018. ... Thomas of Tuckahoe had three children, viz.: William Randolph III, Mary Isham Randolph, and Judith Randolph. William Randolph III married Maria Judith Page and inherited the Tuckahoe Estate, which is turn was inherited by his son Col. Thomas Mann Randolph.
  6. ^ Gordon, Armistead C (1914). "The Stith Family". In Tyler, Lyon G. (ed.). William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. XXII. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson. p. 44.
  7. ^ a b Connelley, William Elsey; Coulter, E.M. (1922). "Capt. Pendleton Farmer De Weese Keith". In Kerr, Charles (ed.). History of Kentucky. III. New York: The American Historical Society. p. 122.
  8. ^ Dillon, John Forrest, ed. (1903). "Introduction". John Marshall; life, character and judicial services as portrayed in the centenary and memorial addresses and proceedings throughout the United States on Marshall day, 1901, and in the classic orations of Binney, Story, Phelps, Waite and Rawle. I. Chicago: Callaghan & Company. pp. liv–lv.
  9. ^ a b Railey, W.E. (September 1918). Morton, Jennie C. (ed.). "Notes and Corrections of the Railey Genealogy". The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. Frankfort, Kentucky: The State Journal Company. 16 (48): 47–49. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
  10. ^ Railey, William Edward (2002) [1938]. History of Woodford County, Kentucky. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 278. ISBN 9780806379999.
  11. ^ a b c Sorley, Merrow Egerton (2000) [1935]. "Chapter 33: Families Related to the Lewis Family". Lewis of Warner Hall: The History of a Family. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 832. ISBN 9780806308319.