Non-international England cricket teams
In English cricket since the first half of the 18th century, various ad hoc teams have been formed for short-term purposes which have been called England to play against, Marylebone Cricket Club or an individual county team. The key factor is that they were non-international and there is a significant difference between them and the official England cricket team which takes part in international fixtures. Conceptually, there is evidence of this sort of team being formed, or at least mooted, since the 1730s, they have always been "occasional elevens" but have invariably been strong sides. A typical example would be a selection consisting of leading players drawn from several county teams; the earliest known mention of the concept occurs in a report by the London Evening Post of 7 to 9 September 1734 which states that the London Cricket Club, being "desirous of playing one more match before the season is expired, do challenge to play with any eleven men in England". The challenge excluded members of Croydon Cricket Club, with.
It is possible that challenges of this sort had been issued but no records of them have been found. There had been matches involving, for example, a team representing one county against a team bearing a patron's name and it is possible that teams of the latter type included players from a wide geographical area. In the 1730s, "any eleven men in England" would in practice have come from the southeastern counties only: e.g. Berkshire, Hampshire, Middlesex, Sussex; the majority of such teams were labelled "England" and sometimes the term "all-England" was used loosely in a generic sense but speaking, the teams represented "the Rest of England". The "all England" term per se was first used in reports of two Kent v England matches in 1739; the first was at Bromley Common on Monday, 9 July, billed as "eleven gentlemen of that county and eleven gentlemen from any part of England, exclusive of Kent". Kent, described as "the unconquerable county", won by "a few notches"; the second match was at the Artillery Ground in Finsbury on Monday, 23 July.
This game was drawn and a report includes the phrase "eleven picked out of all England". Top-level cricket at that time, was limited to the southeastern counties. Before these matches, there were instances of teams representing a number of counties. On Thursday, 28 August 1729, a match between Edwin Stead's XI and Sir William Gage's XI was held at Penshurst Park, near Tunbridge Wells in Kent; the match had the alternative title of Kent v Sussex & Hampshire. It played for 100 guineas with some thousands watching, it seems to have been the first known innings victory as Gage "got in one hand, as the former did in two hands, so the Kentish men threw it up". A contemporary report states that " turned the scale of victory, which for some years past has been on the Kentish side". Given a 1728 reference to the superiority of Kent in the 1720s, it would seem that only a team representing three other counties had the strength to compete against them. After 1739, "England" became a generic term used to denote numerous teams over the next two hundred years.
They invariably have important match status, depending on the quality and/or status of their opponents. Sometimes, the all-England teams were given names like "The Rest", which more describes them vis-à-vis their opponents. CricketArchive lists 29 matches involving teams called England or The Rest between 1739 and 1778; these are all important matches but only one, England v Kent in 1744, has a scorecard. The earliest important match, designated "first-class" by CA was between a Hampshire county team and one called England on Broadhalfpenny Down at Hambledon in Hampshire on 24 June 1772. CA lists all matches involving teams called England without differentiating between international and non-international, so it seems they assume the "England" team of 1772 to be a direct predecessor of the modern England Test team. Not helpfully, CA uses the term "England XI" and has another list, starting in 1872, of matches played by this team, understood to be the England national team when playing non-international matches on tour.
CA's list of England XI matches begins five years before Test cricket started and most of the early matches are between a university team and what is loosely termed an England XI. The name "All-England" took on a specific meaning in 1846 when William Clarke's All-England Eleven known as the AEE, was founded as a touring team of leading players, its purpose being to take advantage of the new railway network and play matches at city venues in the North of England. Clarke's team was indeed a top-class side worthy of its title as, in 1846, it consisted of himself, Joe Guy, George Parr, William Lillywhite, Jemmy Dean, William Denison, Will Martingell, Fuller Pilch, Alfred Mynn, Nicholas Wanostrocht and William Hillyer, their matches in Sheffield and Leeds were a huge success and profitable for Clarke himself, careful to pay his players more than Marylebone Cricket Club did and so keep them interested. He kept the surplus for himself; the AEE continued for several years to showcase the best players of the day.
Subsequent additions to the squad included John Wisden of Sussex, William Dorrinton of Kent, Tom Sewell senior and his son Tom Sewell junior of Surrey. Because of its strength the AEE general
Laleham Burway is a 1.6-square-kilometre tract of water-meadow and former water-meadow between the River Thames and Abbey River in the far north of Chertsey in Surrey. Its uses are varied. Part is Laleham Golf Club. Part, raised trailer/park homes towards its west, forms residential development. A reservoir and water works is on the island. From at least the year 1278 its historic bulky northern definition formed part of the dominant estate of Laleham across the river, its manor, to which it was linked by a ferry until the early 20th century. Accordingly, as to this section its owner in period from the mid-19th until the early 20th century was the Earl of Lucan; the southern greater part of the land marked today as the Burway or Laleham Burway was the Abbey Mead, kept since the seventh century among many square miles of land and other institutions such as priories and churches of Chertsey Abbey until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Part of it was the home of Chertsey Cricket Club. Where not considered for former land ownership reasons with Abbey Mead, the old definition of Laleham Burway, in 1911, comprised 200 acres which were for horse and cow pasture.
The near-triangular bulk of the ground measured as about 200 acres on the right bank of the Thames in 1911 constitutes its narrow, historical definition to distinguish Laleham Burway's at times separate ownership from Abbey Mead. This north part of the island thus marked Laleham Burway was divided from the Abbey Mead of Chertsey by a seasonal ditch, the Burway Ditch, by another from the meadow of Mixnams on the north; the triangle was Chertsey parish, but belonged to the manor of Laleham. It is mentioned as the Island of Burgh in the original endowment of Chertsey Abbey between 666 and 675, is described as separated from Mixtenham "by water", which formed part of the boundary of the abbey lands, but it is not clear which of the two lay within the bounds of the abbey. Tradition says that the Burway belonged to Chertsey, that in a time of great scarcity and famine the inhabitants of Laleham supplied the abbey with necessaries which those of Chertsey could not, or would not provide, in return for which the abbot granted them the use of this piece of ground.
Whatever the truth of this story, it is certain that the Abbey of Westminster when holding Laleham manor held land on the Surrey side of the river, that in the time of Edward I it held part of the meadow called Mixtenham — in a dispute with the abbey of Chertsey in 1278, Westminster agreed to release their right in this meadow in return for 4 acres of pasture contiguous with that which they held. In 1370 they still held some pasture in Mixtenham; the Burway is in a grant of Laleham manor during the 18th century. At the beginning of the 19th century it is described as paying no taxes to either parish. In 1911 it belonged to owners of estates within the manor of Laleham, the pasture was divided into 300 parts called'farrens,' the tenancies of, granted variously to feed horses or to support cow and a half at £1 17s. 6d. and £1 5s. Annually, respectively. If a farren was sold it was worth about £40; the Burway was not inclosed under the Act of 1773 for inclosing the common fields of Laleham Manor in Chertsey, exempted from the Act of 1808 for inclosing Laleham but inclosed under an Act passed in 1813, when the Earl of Lucan, new lord of the manor, acquired by allotment and purchase about 70 acres.
Laleham Burway is the largest island of the non-tidal course of the River Thames in England upstream of the Tideway — if disqualifying the villages of Dorney and Eton, Berkshire enclosed by the 2002-completed Jubilee River. During the 1736 English cricket season Chertsey Cricket Club played matches against Croydon and London, it is known that two games were played against Croydon before July that season: one at Duppas Hill in Croydon and the other at the Laleham Burway ground. Numerous matches were played at Laleham Burway during the 18th century; the most famous was the one in which Thomas White's huge bat caused a furore that led to a change in the Laws of Cricket. This was the Chertsey v Hambledon game on Monday, 23 and Tuesday, 24 September 1771. Eight first-class cricket matches were held on the ground between 1773 and 1779, one with Chertsey classified as a first-class club, the only time this happened, six with Surrey teams as the home side and one where an England side played a Hampshire side.
The ground is known to have been used by Chertsey until June 1784, although it has been used in the 20th century for some cricket. Chetsey Cricket Club had "ceased to exist" by 1856 and its revival began at the Recreation Ground in Chertsey, followed by its present ground, Grove Road, after the First World War. Abbey River Islands of the River Thames Laleham Watermill leats Water-meadow Chertsey Abbey
Reigate is a town of over 20,000 inhabitants in eastern Surrey, England. It is in one of three towns in the borough of Reigate and Banstead, it extends over part of the Greensand Ridge. Reigate has a medieval castle and has been a market town since the medieval period, when it became a parliamentary borough. Colley Hill, one mile north-west of Reigate, is 722 feet high. Reigate Hill, 2.5 miles due east of Colley Hill, is 771 feet high, they both have panoramas along the North Downs Way. There are neolithic flint mines on the ridge of the North Downs above Reigate. Bronze Age settlement in the area is indicated by barrows on Reigate Heath. A Bronze Age spearhead was recovered on Park Hill in Reigate Priory Park. In 2004 a Roman tile kiln, dated from around AD 92, was recovered from the grounds of Rosehill in Doods Way. Tiles on the Rosehill site were first discovered in the 1880s; the tiles would have been used for important buildings in the area. The Rosehill find. Reigate was within an Anglo-Saxon administrative division.
Reigate appears in Domesday Book in 1086 as Cherchefelle, which appears to mean "the open space by the hill". It was held by William the Conqueror as successor to King Harold's widow Editha, its Domesday assets were: 34 hides, 2 mills worth 11s 10d, 29 ploughs, 12 acres of meadow and herbage worth 183 hogs. It rendered £40 per year to its feudal system overlords; the earlier site of the town was, in what is now the Church Street area. Part of the site was excavated in the 1990s, this revealed that the settlement moved during the earlier part of the 12th century when the present town was formed. William I granted the land around Reigate to one of his supporters, William de Warenne, created Earl of Surrey in 1088, it is believed that his son, William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, ordered that Reigate Castle be built, although the de Warennes had their southern base at Lewes, Sussex, as well as castles in Yorkshire and Normandy. Around 1150 the Earl de Warenne laid out a new town below the castle.
This town forms the basis of modern-day Reigate. Little is known of the castle. Local legend says that prior to the signing of the Magna Carta, the rebellious barons met to hammer out the details of the document in the extensive caves beneath the castle; the story however has no truth to it. The castle fell into decay and the remains were demolished at the end of the 17th century, though the grounds remain as a public garden, the caves are opened for tours; the origin of the name Reigate is uncertain, but appears to derive from Roe-deer Gate, as the town was situated near to the entrance to the de Warenne's deer park. The medieval town is centred on a north–south road of some antiquity as it incorporates the pre-Conquest road pattern; the story of the Pilgrim's Way passing through Reigate is a myth, although in the 13th century a chapel to St Thomas was built in the town centre for use by Canterbury pilgrims. Areas of the town have been the subject of extensive archaeological investigation. Bell Street was in existence by the middle of the 12th century and Mesolithic implements have been found here.
Much of High Street is of later date, although there appear to have been buildings along its south side, near to the junction with Bell Street, by the 13th century at the latest. The market place was around Slipshoe Street, at the junction of West Street, but infilled houses encroached on it and it had been moved to the east end of the High Street by the end of the 16th century. Many of the finds from the excavations are held in the museum of the Holmesdale Natural History Club in Croydon Road. Early in the 13th century Grade I listed Reigate Priory was founded for regular canons of the Order of St Augustine, although it was a hospital under the canons. After the dissolution of the monasteries in 1535 the estate was granted by Henry VIII to William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham, who soon converted the priory buildings into a residence; the Effingham branch of the Howard family, including the Earl of Nottingham, lived there until their heirs sold it to the wealthy London brewer, Sir John Parsons, in 1681.
Remains of the former monastery buildings lie beneath the lawns to the south of the present 18th-century house, now used as a school. The town developed a large trade in oatmeal during the 16th century but this had ceased by about 1720. There was a noted tannery at Linkfield Street, expanded in the 19th century, it burnt down about 1930. The coming of the London and Brighton Railway in 1841 led to new buildings being built across the parish, resulting in a second town in the eastern fields around the railway station in an area, uninhabited: this town at first had two names but since the early 20th century has been called Redhill. Reigate has a tower mill on Wray Common. In the medieval period the parish had other windmills, about a dozen animal-powered mills for oatmeal and watermills on the southern parish boundary with the Mole and Redhill Brook. Administrative historyThe non-corporate Borough of Reigate, covering the town centre, was formed in 1295, it elected two MPs until the Reform Act of 1832.
In 1863 the whole parish was formally incorporated as a borough with Thomas Dann as its first mayor. In 1867 Redhill gained its first of two vestry committees within the pari
The Hambledon Club was a social club, famous for its organisation of 18th century cricket matches. By the late 1770s it was the foremost cricket club in England; the origin of the club, based near Hambledon in rural Hampshire, is unclear but it had been founded by 1768. Its basis was a local parish cricket team, in existence before 1750 and achieved prominence in 1756 when it played a series of three matches versus Dartford, which had itself been a major club for at least 30 years. At this time, the parish team was sometimes referred to as "Squire Land's Club", after Squire Thomas Land, the main organiser of cricket teams in the village before the foundation of the club proper. Thomas Land seems to have withdrawn from the scene in about 1764, it is believed. Land was interested in hunting and maintained a pack of hounds that earned him recognition as "one of the most celebrated fox-hunters in Great-Britain". Land is mentioned in the Hambledon Club Song written by Reverend Reynell Cotton in about 1771.
Cotton was not too concerned about Land having left the club: Then why should we fear either Sackville or Mann, Or repine at the loss of both Bayton and Land? From the mid-1760s, Hambledon's stature grew till by the late 1770s it was the foremost cricket club in England. In spite of its relative remoteness, it had developed into a private club of noblemen and country gentry, for whom one of cricket's attractions was the opportunity it offered for betting. Although some of these played in matches, professional players were employed; the club produced several famous players including John Small, Thomas Brett, Richard Nyren, David Harris, Tom Taylor, Billy Beldham and Tom Walker. It was the inspiration for the first significant cricket book: The Cricketers of My Time by John Nyren, the son of Richard Nyren; the Hambledon Club was social and, as it was multi-functional, not a cricket club as such. Rather it is seen as an organiser of matches. Arguments have taken place among historians about whether its teams should be termed Hampshire or Hambledon.
A study of the sources indicates that the nomenclature changed and both terms were applicable. The subject is complicated by a reference to the Kent versus Hampshire & Sussex match at Guildford Bason on 26 and 28 August 1772. According to the source, "Hampshire & Sussex" was synonymous with "Hambledon Club". Sussex cricket was not prominent during the Hambledon period and this could have been because Hambledon operated a team representing two counties. There were Sussex connections at Hambledon such as John Bayton, Richard Nyren, William Barber and Noah Mann. In 1782 the club moved from its original ground at Broadhalfpenny Down to Windmill Down, about half a mile away towards the village of Hambledon; the Bat and Ball Inn had been requisitioned as a munitions dump by the military, Windmill Down provided as an alternative. However, after a couple of seasons playing on the steep sloping and exposed new ground the club agitated for a move to a more suitable location and Ridge Meadow was purchased as a permanent replacement.
Ridge Meadow is still the home of Hambledon C. C. today. Hambledon's great days ended in the 1780s with a shift in focus from the rural counties of Kent and Hampshire to metropolitan London where Lord's was established as the home of the new Marylebone Cricket Club in 1787; however for the decade up to 1793, Hambledon remained a meeting place for like-minded Royal Navy Officers such as Captains Erasmus Gower, Robert Calder, Charles Powell Hamilton, Mark Robinson, Sir Hyde Parker and Robert Linzee. In May 1791 Lord Hugh Seymour became president of the Club but soon afterwards these officers all returned to sea. Membership declined during the 1790s. On 29 August 1796, fifteen people attended a meeting and amongst them, according to the official minutes, was "Mr Thos Pain, Authour of the rights of Man"! It was a joke for Thomas Paine was under sentence of death for treason and exiled in revolutionary Paris; the last meeting was held on 21 September 1796 where the minutes read only that "No Gentlemen were present".
The club had a famous round of six toasts: 6. The Queen's mother 5, her Majesty the Queen 4. The Hambledon Club 3. Cricket 2; the Immortal Memory of Madge 1. The President; the enigmatic "Madge" is a "what", not a "who". Indeed, it is believed to be a common, but crude, contemporary reference to the vagina. A description of the revival and, the whole history of the Hambledon Club can be read in The Glory Days of Cricket by Ashley Mote; the original ground is at Broadhalfpenny Down, opposite the Bat and Ball Inn, in Hyden Farm Lane, near Clanfield, where now the Broadhalfpenny Brigands Cricket Club play. The current Hambledon Cricket Club ground is nearer Hambledon village at Ridge Meadow, just off the road to Broadhalfpenny Down, about half a mile from the village. On Saturday 8 September 2007 the clubhouse was burnt to the ground. Mote, Ashley; the Glory Days of Cricket. Robson. Nyren, John. Ashley Mote, ed; the Cricketers of my Time. Robson
Middlesex is an ancient county in southeast England. It is now within the wider urbanised area of London, its area is now mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo-Saxon system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, existed as an official unit until 1965; the historic county includes land stretching north of the River Thames from 17 miles west to 3 miles east of the City of London with the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest county by area in 1831; the City of London was a county in its own right from the 12th century and was able to exert political control over Middlesex. Westminster Abbey dominated most of the early financial and ecclesiastical aspects of the county; as London grew into Middlesex, the Corporation of London resisted attempts to expand the city boundaries into the county, which posed problems for the administration of local government and justice.
In the 18th and 19th centuries the population density was high in the southeast of the county, including the East End and West End of London. From 1855 the southeast was administered, with sections of Kent and Surrey, as part of the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works; when county councils were introduced in England in 1889 about 20% of the area of Middlesex, along with a third of its population, was transferred to the new County of London and the remainder became an administrative county governed by the Middlesex County Council that met at the Middlesex Guildhall in Westminster, in the County of London. The City of London, Middlesex, became separate counties for other purposes and Middlesex regained the right to appoint its own sheriff, lost in 1199. In the interwar years suburban London expanded further, with improvement and expansion of public transport, the setting up of new industries. After the Second World War, the population of the County of London and inner Middlesex was in steady decline, with high population growth continuing in the outer parts.
After a Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London all of the original area was incorporated into an enlarged Greater London in 1965, with the rest transferred to neighbouring counties. Since 1965 various areas called. Middlesex was the former postal county of 25 post towns; the name refers to the tribal origin of its inhabitants. The word is formed from the Old English,'middel' and'Seaxe'. In 704, it is recorded as Middleseaxon in an Anglo-Saxon chronicle, written in Latin, about land at Twickenham; the Latin text reads: "in prouincia quæ nuncupatur Middelseaxan Haec". The Saxons derived their name from a kind of knife for which they were known; the seax has a lasting symbolic impact in the English counties of Essex and Middlesex, both of which feature three seaxes in their ceremonial emblem. Their names, along with those of Sussex and Wessex, contain a remnant of the word "Saxon". There were settlements in the area of Middlesex that can be traced back thousands of years before the creation of a county.
Middlesex was part of the Kingdom of Essex It was recorded in the Domesday Book as being divided into the six hundreds of Edmonton, Gore, Hounslow and Spelthorne. The City of London has been self-governing since the thirteenth century and became a county in its own right, a county corporate. Middlesex included Westminster, which had a high degree of autonomy. Of the six hundreds, Ossulstone contained the districts closest to the City of London. During the 17th century it was divided into four divisions, along with the Liberty of Westminster took over the administrative functions of the hundred; the divisions were named Finsbury, Holborn and Tower. The county had parliamentary representation from the 13th century; the title Earl of Middlesex was created twice, in 1622 and 1677, but became extinct in 1843. The economy of the county was dependent on the City of London from early times and was agricultural. A variety of goods were provided for the City, including crops such as grain and hay and building materials.
Recreation at day trip destinations such as Hackney, Islington and Twickenham, as well as coaching, inn-keeping and sale of goods and services at daily shops and stalls to the considerable passing trade provided much local employment and formed part of the early economy. However, during the 18th century the inner parishes of Middlesex became suburbs of the City and were urbanised; the Middlesex volume of John Norden's Speculum Britanniae of 1593 summarises: This is plentifully stored, as it seemeth beautiful, with many fair and comely buildings of the merchants of London, who have planted their houses of recreation not in the meanest places, which they have cunningly contrived, curiously beautified with divers devices, neatly decked with rare inventions, environed with orchards of sundry, delicate fruits, gardens with delectable walks, alleys and a great variety of pleasing dainties: all of which seem to be beautiful ornaments unto this country. Thomas Cox wrote in 1794: We may call it all London, being chiefly inhabited by the citizens, who fill the towns in it with their country houses, to which they resort that they may breathe a little sweet air, free from the fogs and smoke of the City.
In 1803 Sir John Sinclair, president of the Board of Agr
Marylebone Cricket Club
Marylebone Cricket Club is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's cricket ground, which it owns, in St John's Wood, England. The club was the governing body of cricket in England and Wales and, as the sport's legislator, held considerable global influence. In 1788, the MCC took responsibility for the Laws of Cricket. Although changes to the Laws are now determined by the International Cricket Council, the copyright is still owned by MCC. For much of the 20th century, commencing with the 1903–04 tour of Australia and ending with the 1976–77 tour of India, MCC organised international tours in which the England cricket team played Test matches. On these tours, the England team was called MCC in non-international matches. In 1993, its administrative and governance functions were transferred to the ICC and the Test and County Cricket Board; the club's own teams are ad hoc because they have never taken part in any formal competition. MCC teams have always held first-class status depending on the quality of the opposition.
To mark the beginning of each English season, MCC plays the reigning County Champions. The origin of MCC was as a gentlemen's club that had flourished through most of the 18th century, including, at least in part, an existence as the original London Cricket Club, which had played at the Artillery Ground through the middle years of the century. Many of its members became involved with the Hambledon Club through the 1770s and in the early 1780s, had returned to the London area where the White Conduit Club had begun in Islington, it is not known for certain when the White Conduit was founded but it seems to have been after 1780 and by 1785. According to Pelham Warner, it was formed in 1782 as an offshoot from a West End convivial club called the Je-ne-sais-quoi, some of whose members frequented the White Conduit House in Islington and played matches on the neighbouring White Conduit Fields, a prominent venue for cricket in the 1720s. Arthur Haygarth said in Scores and Biographies that "the Marylebone Club was founded in 1787 from the White Conduit's members" but the date of the formation of the White Conduit "could not be found".
This gentlemen's club, multi-purpose, had a social meeting place at the Star and Garter on Pall Mall. It was the same club, responsible for drafting the Laws of Cricket at various times, most notably in 1744 and 1774, this lawgiving responsibility was soon to be vested in the MCC as the final repose of these cricketing gentlemen; when the White Conduit began, its leading lights were George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea and the Hon. Colonel Charles Lennox, who became the 4th Duke of Richmond. White Conduit was nominally an exclusive club that only "gentlemen" might play for, but the club did employ professionals and one of these was the bowler Thomas Lord, a man, recognised for his business acumen as well as his bowling ability; the new club might have continued except that White Conduit Fields was an open area allowing members of the public, including the rowdier elements, to watch the matches and to voice their opinions on the play and the players. The White Conduit gentlemen were not amused by such interruptions and decided to look for a more private venue of their own.
Winchilsea and Lennox asked Lord to find a new ground and offered him a guarantee against any losses he may suffer in the venture. Lord took a lease from the Portman Estate on some land at Dorset Fields where Dorset Square is now sited, it was called the New Cricket Ground because it was off what was called "the New Road" in Marylebone, when the first known match was played there on 21 May but, by the end of July, it was known as Lord's. As it was in Marylebone, the White Conduit members who relocated to it soon decided to call themselves the "Mary-le-bone Club"; the exact date of MCC's foundation is lost but seems to have been sometime in the late spring or the summer of 1787. On 10 & 11 July 1837, a South v North match was staged at Lord's to commemorate the MCC's Golden Jubilee. Warner described it as "a Grand Match to celebrate the Jubilee of the Club" and reproduced the full scorecard. On Wednesday, 25 April 1787, the London Morning Herald newspaper carried a notice: "The Members of the Cricket Club are desired to meet at the Star and Garter, Pall Mall, on Mon.
April 30. Dinner on table at half past five o'clock. N. B; the favour of an answer is desired". The agenda is unknown but, only three weeks on Saturday, 19 May, the Morning Herald advertised: "A grand match will be played on Monday, 21 May in the New Cricket Ground, the New Road, Mary-le-bone, between eleven Noblemen of the White Conduit Club and eleven Gentlemen of the County of Middlesex with two men given, for 500 guineas a side; the wickets to be pitched at ten o'clock, the match to be played out". No post-match report has been found but, as G. B. Buckley said, it was "apparently the first match to be played on Lord's new ground". A total of eight matches are known to have been played at Lord's in 1787, one of them a single wicket event; the only one which featured the Mary-le-bone Club took place on 30 July. It was advertised in The World on Friday, 27 July 1787: "On Monday, 30 July will be played a match between 11 gentlemen of the Mary-le-bone Club and 11 gentlemen of the Islington Club".
Buckley stated that "this is the earliest notice of the Marylebone Club". As with the inaugural match at Lord's, no post-match report of the inaugural MCC match has been found. There have been three Lord's grounds: the original on the Portman Estate and two on the Eyre Estate
Brentford is a town in western Greater London, the contested county town of Middlesex and part of the London Borough of Hounslow. It lies at the confluence of the River Brent and the Thames, 8 miles west-by-southwest of Charing Cross, it has formed part of Greater London since 1965. Its economy has diverse company headquarters buildings. Brentford has a convenience dining venue grid of streets at its centre. Brentford at the start of the 21st century attracted regeneration of its little-used warehouse premises and docks including the re-modelling of the waterfront to provide more economically active shops and apartments, some of which comprises Brentford Dock. A 19th and 20th centuries mixed social and private housing locality: New Brentford is contiguous with the Osterley neighbourhood of Isleworth and Syon Park and the Great West Road which has most of the largest business premises; the name is recorded as Breguntford in 705 in an Anglo-Saxon charter and means'ford over the River Brent'. The name of the river is Celtic and means'holy one' and the'-ford' suffix is Old English.
The ford was most located where the main road crossed the river. New Brentford is recorded as Newe Braynford in 1521 and was known as Westbraynford. Old Brentford is recorded as Old Braynford in 1476 and was known as Estbraynford; the settlement pre-dates the Roman occupation of Britain, thus pre-dates the founding of London itself. Many pre-Roman artifacts have been excavated in and around the area in Brentford known as'Old England'. Bronze Age pottery and burnt flints have been found in separate sites in Brentford; the quality and quantity of the artefacts suggests that Brentford was a meeting point for pre-Romanic tribes. One well known Iron Age piece from about 100 BC – AD 50 is the Brentford horn-cap – a ceremonial chariot fitting that formed part of local antiquarian Thomas Layton's collection, now held by the Museum of London; the Celtic knot pattern on this item has been copied for use on modern jewellery. Brentford is the first point on the tidal portion of the River Thames, fordable by foot.
For this reason it has been suggested that Julius Cæsar crossed the Thames here during his invasion of Britain in 54 BC, the Brentford Monument outside the County Court asserts that a battle took place here at this time between Cæsar's forces and Cassivellaunus. In his own account, Cæsar writes that he crossed the river 80 miles from the sea, Brentford is this distance from his supposed landing beach, he further states. During the building of Brentford Dock many such oak stakes were discovered. Dredging the river uncovered so many more that they had to be removed, for they were a hazard to navigation. Although Cæsar's descriptions are compelling, there has been no archaeological proof that this was the spot where he and his army had to fight to cross, it must be kept in mind that Julius Cæsar's own accounts suffered in some part to his embellishment of the facts. A local town fair, called the Brentford Festival, has been held in Brentford every September since 1900; the building of Brentford Dock was started in 1855 and it was formally opened in 1859.
The dock yard is now housing estate. A notable family from Brentford was the 18th/19th century architectural father and son partnership, the Hardwicks. Thomas Hardwick Senior and Thomas Hardwick Junior were both from Brentford and are buried in the old church of St Laurence. Hardwick Senior was the master mason for the Adam Brothers during the construction of Syon House. Hardwick Junior assisted in the building of Somerset House and was known for his designs of churches in the capital, he was a tutor of J. M. W Turner whom he helped start Turner's illustrious career in art. Both father and son did a great deal of rebuilding on the church of St Laurence. 54 BC Brentford is a site of a battle recorded by Julius Cæsar between Julius Cæsar and the local king, Cassivellaunus. 781 Council of Brentford recording settlement of a dispute between King Offa of Mercia, the Bishop of Worcester 1016 Battle of Brentford between the invading Canute and Edmund Ironside 1431 Relocation of Syon Abbey to Brentford from Twickenham 1539 Destruction of Syon Abbey by King Henry VIII 1616 – 1617 Pocahontas, Pamunkey princess, resided in Brentford with her husband, John Rolfe and son Thomas.
1642 Battle of Brentford during the English Civil War 1682 A violent storm of rain, accompanied with thunder and lightning, caused a sudden flood, which did great damage to the town of Brentford. The whole place was overflown. 1717 Brentford Turnpike Trust founded to maintain the road between Kensington and Hounslow 1756 Ronalds nursery established by Hugh Ronalds' father on Brentford High Street 1805 Start of operations of the Grand Junction Canal 1806 James Montgomrey’s father James Montgomrey Snr commenced operating a large timber mill at Montgomrey's Wharf, a yard occupied by his cousin 1815 – 1817 John Quincy Adams, sixth President of the US, lived in Brentford. 1828 William Corder was arrested on Wednesday 23 April at Everley Grove House, Ealing Lane in Brentford, for the notorious Red Barn Murder. 1841 Brentford was flooded, caused by the Brent Reservoir becoming overfull so that the overflow cut a breach in the earth dam. Sev