Thorley, Isle of Wight
This article does not cite any sources. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|This Isle of Wight location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
This article does not cite any sources. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|This Isle of Wight location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
Lake is a large village and civil parish located on Sandown Bay, on the Isle of Wight, England. It is six miles south-east of Newport situated between Sandown and Shanklin, 1 1⁄2 miles to the east of the hamlet of Apse Heath. Lake is named after the Old English "Lacu" referring to the creek that ran along, has been artificially widened into what is now Scotchells Brook, between the Isle of Wight Airport, the Morrisons Superstore and the Spithead Industrial Park; the high street that runs through Lake has not changed much since the early 20th century. However, the village war memorial, constructed in 1920, has been relocated behind the Fairway Bus Shelter due to having been run down twice by carelessly driven lorries; the thatched building at Merrie Gardens dates from the 17th century and is the oldest surviving building in Lake. Lake is a seaside village situated above the cliffs on Sandown bay, it stands at an elevation of 63 feet above sea-level. Lake's beach or'Welcome Beach' has golden sands and reached by a steep path down the sandstone cliffs to the Revetment.
It has beach huts, a Sea Scout hut and inshore lifeboat. A large public park called Los Altos starts at the boundary between Sandown. Another large park called Lake Cliff Gardens borders the cliffs that back onto the beach and stretches between Lake and Shanklin. Local wildlife includes Pipistrelle bats at Los Altos, kestrels along the Cliff Path and Common Toads which spawn in the disused reservoir behind the Mall; the wetlands of the River Yar are an SSSI supporting newts and wildfowl. The village has the Broadlea primary school at Blackpan and a Church of England Secondary The Bay School at the bottom of the Fairway. There are several pubs including The Porter Club and a Townswomens' Guild. Local businesses include Downer & White undertakers, Swinton Insurance, Allegri accountants, RSPCA charity shop and a veterinary practice; the village features an Indian and Chinese Restaurant plus two Chinese takeaways, a kebab shop and Lake Fish Bar. There are a doctor's pharmacy; the disused medical clinic at the corner of Lake Hill and the Fairway is now a Co-Operative funeral parlour.
There were two pubs in the village - The Stag and the Manor House. The Manor House has since reopened as a Tesco Metro. However, another pub, "The Merrie Garden" has opened near the Morrison's store. Alongside The Merrie Garden pub, a new Premier Inn has been built, it opened in late 2015. A branch of KFC is under construction nearby, will open in December 2018. Sandown & Shanklin Golf Course is behind the Rugby Club in front; the village has a Methodist Church, opened in 1956 and upgraded from 2009-11 with the addition of a church hall. The old church, built in 1877, compleat with a hall and schoolroom is now a multi-purpose building with both halls being converted into housing; the Anglican Church of the Good Shepherd, constructed designed in 1892, is in the village. Construction finished in May 1894 and it replaced the former Little Iron Church of 1876. There is a Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses. Public transport is provided by Southern Vectis bus routes 2, 3 and 8 - which run between Newport, Sandown, Shanklin and Bembridge.
Night buses operate on Saturday nights. Having opened in 1987, Lake railway station was the newest on the island until the construction of a station at Smallbrook Junction in 1994; the station is placed in the heart of a quiet residential area close to Lake Cliff Gardens. Some current photographs Historical photographs of Lake from the Francis Frith collection Hilton Price's Nostalgic Lake
Rookley is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight. It is located five kilometres south of Newport near the centre of the island, it has a country park on the site of the last working Isle of Wight brickworks. There is another, the "Chequers", a short distance from the village; the latter was the centre of the island's smuggling trade in the 18th century. Southern Vectis bus route 3 serves the village on its way between Newport, Shanklin and Ryde, including intermediate villages; the Village Association Playing Field in Highwood Lane hosts Godshill Cricket Club who compete in Division Two of the Harwoods Renault Isle of Wight League. It is home to Rookley Football Club, managed by Paul Wright. Rookley have two teams in the island leagues: their firsts in League 2 and reserves in Combination 2. Two major events are held in the field each year: Rookley Show. Rookley tourist information and accommodation guide
Ventnor is a seaside resort and civil parish established in the Victorian era on the south-east coast of the Isle of Wight, eleven miles from Newport. It is situated south of St Boniface Down, built on steep slopes leading down to the sea; the higher part is referred to as Upper Ventnor. Ventnor is sometimes taken to include the nearby and older settlements of St Lawrence and Bonchurch, which are covered by its town council; the population of the parish in 2016 was about 5,800. Ventnor became fashionable as both a health and holiday resort in the late 19th century, described as the'English Mediterranean' and'Mayfair by the Sea'. Medical advances during the early twentieth century reduced its role as a health resort and, like other British seaside resorts, its summer holiday trade suffered the changing nature of travel during the latter part of that century, its sheltered location beneath the hilly chalk downland produces a microclimate with more sunny days and fewer frosts than the rest of the island.
This allows many species of subtropical plant to flourish. Ventnor retains a Victorian character, has an active arts scene, is regaining popularity as a place to visit. While Bonchurch and St Lawrence both have churches dating back to the Norman era, the area in-between that became Ventnor was unremarkable until the 19th century. In Anglo-Saxon times it was known as Holeweia, which by the 12th century had become Holeweye, or hollow way. By 1617 its name appears as Ventnor named after the family name le Vyntener. There are indications of Bronze Age settlement, with burial mounds on the nearby downs, excavations have evidenced small scale settlement in the area during both the Iron Age and the early Roman period; these include middens and palaeoenvironmental deposits at Binnel Bay, Woody Bay, St Catherine's Point and Rocken End. The Isle of Wight was the last part of England to be converted to Christianity, Saint Boniface is believed to have preached locally in the 8th century. During the 13th century, the area was covered by the manors of Holloway and Steephill, both belonging to the Lisle family.
A 1992 archaeological survey found evidence of a medieval settlement at Flowers Brook, referred to in a 1327 subsidy roll as Villata de steple. This area was subsequently incorporated into two farms, with some cottages on the site demolished in 1834. Ventnor watermill, on a site just north of the current cascade, is first mentioned in 1327, was destroyed by fire in 1848, rebuilt by 1853, demolished in 1875. In the early nineteenth century, in addition to the mill, Ventnor consisted of a few fishermen's huts by the cove, a couple of inns, a farm. In 1804, it was described by John Britton as a "hamlet...formed by a range of neat cottages chiefly inhabited by fishermen, open to the sea in front, backed by woods and the high downs". The area was divided between the parishes of Newchurch. In 1820 both of the manors were sold to other building speculators; the spur for expansion was the publication in 1830 of the second edition of physician James Clark's book: The influence of climate on disease. This identified the microclimate of Ventnor and the Undercliff as ideal for people with chest complaints, at a time when consumption was a common cause of death.
Thereafter Ventnor developed rapidly into a town, with numerous hotels and boarding houses targeting sick visitors during the winter, a wider range of shops than would be expected for a town of its size. In 1844 Parliament passed an Act "for better paving, lighting and otherwise improving part of the parish of Newchurch, called Ventnor, for establishing a market therein". However, not everyone was enamoured with the fast-growing town: in 1845, after recounting the positive reviews of others, writer John Gwilliam complained of the "intolerable" summer heat and the chalk dust about the town, concluding that to live there would "be one of the greatest punishments that could be inflicted upon me in the Isle of Wight". In 1853 the first newspaper on the island, the Ventnor Mercury, was launched. In 1869 Dr Arthur Hill Hassall opened the Royal National Hospital for Diseases of the Chest in St Lawrence, many local buildings date from the 1860s, by when the current commercial centre of the town was substantially developed.
The nineteenth century saw development aimed at wealthier holidaymakers from Britain and Europe, as British seaside resorts became popular. The first pier from 1860 was washed away. Breakwaters were built in 1863, by the following year, a steamer service to Littlehampton connected with trains to London. In 1866 the Isle of Wight Railway reached Ventnor, in 1870 the iron Royal Victoria Pier was constructed. Subsequent storm damage delayed the full establishment of steamer services until 1888 when they were carrying 10,000 passengers from Bournemouth, Southsea and Shanklin; the railway ran a non-stop train from Ryde to Ventnor, named'The Invalid Express' for the consumptive patients. Ventnor became known as ` Mayfair by the sea' for the number of wealthy Londoners. In 1887, Bartholomew's Gazetteer described Ventnor as "one of the most popular of English health resorts", with the parish
Alum Bay is a bay near the westernmost point of the Isle of Wight, within close sight of the Needles rock formation. Of geological interest and a tourist attraction, the bay is noted for its multi-coloured sand cliffs; the waters and adjoining seabed form part of the Needles Marine Conservation Zone and the shore and heath above are part of the Headon Warren and West High Down Site of Special Scientific Interest. Alum Bay is the location of a classic sequence of upper Paleocene and Eocene beds of soft sands and clays, separated by an unconformity from the underlying Cretaceous Chalk Formation that forms the adjoining headland of West High Down. Due to geological folding of the Alpine orogeny, the strata in the main section of the bay are near vertical, with younger rocks with progressively lower dips to the west; the sands are coloured due to oxidised iron compounds formed under different conditions. Alum Bay Chine begins as a small wooded valley descending eastward from the junction of the B3322 and the road to Headon Hall.
It soon broadens into the clay ravine through which the path and chairlift from Needles Park descend to the beach. On the clifftop there is an amusement park with souvenir shops and a cafe. During the summer season a chair lift takes tourists to and from the pebble beach below. Alternatively, a footpath leads to the beach via Alum Bay Chine. From the beach boat trips leave to tour the Needles. A traditional product of Alum Bay, a fixture of Isle of Wight tourist shops, was the creation of ornaments using the coloured sands layered in vials and jars; the sands were were used for sand painting pictures, a popular craft in Victorian times known as marmotinto. In the past, visitors to the bay could dig out the sand themselves; the removal of minerals from the site is now prohibited by law under provisions laid out in notices attached to the Headon Warren and West High Down SSSI designation. The Needles Park has a facility where people could make bottles of sand, using sand gathered from the frequent rockfalls.
In the past it was possible to buy Alum Bay coloured sand by mail order and make one's own sand pictures and bottles at home. Southern Vectis run bus services from Alum Bay. There are two summer only services, namely the Needles Tour, the Island Coaster service; the Needles Tour is on an open top bus. On a map of the area produced around 1590, the bay is named Whytfylde Chine, it is possible. Alum Bay sand includes pure white silica, once extracted for glass and pottery manufacture. Guglielmo Marconi moved to Alum Bay in 1897 to experiment with radio, he installed a 40-metre radio antenna outside the Needles Hotel in Alum Bay. Establishing communication with ships offshore, by early 1898 he had communicated with stations at Madeira House and the Haven Hotel, Poole 20 miles away. Whitecliff Bay Needles Park official website Grimkie, Jacob Abbott, Sheldon, 1860 - novel with description of Alumn Bay ornaments and sand pictures
Southern Vectis is a bus operator on the Isle of Wight. The company was founded in 1921 as "Dodson and Campbell" and became the "Vectis Bus Company" in 1923; the company was purchased by the Southern Railway before being nationalised in 1969. In 1987, the company was re-privatised. Southern Vectis was accused of unfair trade practices and was investigated by the British Office of Fair Trading. In July 2005, it became a subsidiary of Go-Ahead Group. In 1921 in Cowes, the company was founded as "Dodson & Campbell". In 1923, the company was renamed the "Vectis Bus Company". "Vectis" is the Roman name for the Isle of Wight. The buses were built by Christopher Dodson. In 1929, the company was purchased by Southern Railway and was incorporated as "The Southern Vectis Omnibus Company Limited". In 1948, Southern Railway was nationalised and in 1969, Southern Vectis became part of the National Bus Company. In 1986, with deregulation after the passing of the Transport Act 1985, the business was sold in a management buy out.
Five new operators entered the market on the Isle of Wight. In 1987, Southern Vectis started Badger Vectis in Poole, Solent Blue Line in Southampton; the new operations used second-hand double-deckers. Southern Vectis moved into other business areas on the isle of Wight; the company bought a self-drive van hire firm. It bought two Ford Granada taxis, which it ran from the Cowes pontoon and began taxibus services which continued till 1989. In 2003, Southern Vectis started "The Pink Peril", a pink bus designed to take students to and from school; the vehicle, an Iveco minibus was the oldest in the fleet. In July 2005, Southern Vectis and Solent Blue Line were sold to the Go-Ahead Group and became part of Go South Coast. In April 2006, the network was changed with Newport other routes linking to it; some routes, for example the "Island Explorer" were lost. However, the changes proved successful. Within 18 months, passenger numbers had increased by 45 percent; this included a 14 percent growth in fare-paying customers.
In October 2009, Southern Vectis launched a website promoting a car scrappage scheme. This offered Island residents a season ticket of bus journeys for use in the next twelve months if they agreed to scrap their car. Southern Vectis announced that five vehicles had been scrapped within the first fortnight of the promotion and it had received around 6,000 enquiries; as a result of deregulation in 1986, several competitors started and others increased existing services. These competitors included Gange's Minicoaches, Grand Hotel Tours, Island Travel, Moss Motor Tours, Seaview Services' RedLynx and Wiltax of Shanklin. Island Travel and Gange's Minicoaches established routes between Ryde; the newly privatised Southern Vectis responded with a number of new business practices. These practices raised the interest of the Office of Fair Trading who, in 1987, investigated the company and found their behaviour to be anti-competitive, it was alleged that Southern Vectis was engaged in "duplication", running buses ahead of competitors' where routes coincided, having their drivers lie in wait for competitors' vehicles in order to beat them to waiting passengers.
In 1991, duplication tactics were seen again when Southern Vectis shadowed an Isle of Wight County Council contracted bus run by Norman Baker Taxis. In 1986, Southern Vectis acquired Newport bus station as part of their privatisation and refused competitors access to it; the Office of Fair Trading report, published in 1988, found Southern Vectis' behaviour to be anti-competitive. Southern Vectis was told to either allow competitors to use the bus station or appear before the Competition Commission. Gange's Minicoaches, the plaintiff, was offered use of "Stand F" in Ryde bus station, was offered a stand in the Newport bus station. However, Gange's did not find the charges set for either station agreeable, continued to operate from the opposite side of Ryde bus station on council land and the South Street bus stop in Newport, until their service discontinued. Southern Vectis started to franchise its routes. For instance, Southern Vectis franchised Solent Blue Line routes to Marchwood Motorways.
The Traditional Bus Company and The Village Bus Company were franchised some open-top routes including the Shanklin Pony. In 2008, after its sale to Go-Ahead Group, Southern Vectis competed directly with the Isle of Wight Council's Wightbus school services, it duplicated claimed term ticket fees for student passengers from the council. In September 2010, the Isle of Wight council engaged Southern Vectis to operate many school bus routes. Under the terms of the contract, the general public were not able to use these services. In 2009, Southern Vectis operated fifteen standard bus services, the most frequent being route 1, running every 7–8 minutes. Night buses ran on some routes on Friday and Saturday nights: Southern Vectis's "Open Top Tours" ran two circular summer routes to tourist destinations. In 2007, "Open top Tours" was rebranded to "Island Breezers". Other open-top tours operated by Southern Vectis included "The Needles Breezer", "The Downs Breezer", "The Sandown Bay Breezer". In 2007, an "Island Coaster" service started between Ryde and Alum Bay with a ten-pound all day ticket or longer period tickets for local residents.
The Island Coaster followed the route of two former services, the "12" from Ryde to Sandown and the "7/7A" from Sandown to Alum Bay. Stops were at Freshwater Bay and Blackgang Chine, linking them with Ventnor, Shanklin and Ryde. To get between Blac
St Swithun's Church, Thorley is a parish church in the Church of England located in Thorley, Isle of Wight. The church was designed by the architect W. J. Stratton. Of the ancient church of St Swithun the only portion remaining is the porch and belfry standing within a small disused graveyard adjoining the manor farm; the present church, a stone structure with a late 13th-century motif, was erected by subscription on a site further to the north, consecrated 9 December 1871. It consists of nave, chancel and south transepts, a tower in which hang the two 13th-century bells from the old church, inscribed in Lombardic letter'Wallerandus Trenchard et Johannes Rector Ecclesie.' In the vestry is a 17th-century altar-table in the old church. The churchyard contains the Commonwealth war grave of a Royal Air Force airman of World War II; the pipe organ dates from 1875 by Andrews. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register; the historic value of the organ has been noted by the British Institute of Organ Studies which has awarded it an Historic Organ Certificate
Yarmouth is a town and civil parish in the west of the Isle of Wight, off the south coast of England. The town is named for its location at the mouth of the small Western Yar river; the town grew near the river crossing a ferry, replaced with a road bridge in 1863. Yarmouth has been a settlement for over a thousand years, is one of the earliest on the island; the first account of the settlement is in Ethelred the Unready's record of the Danegeld tax of 991, when it was called Eremue, meaning "muddy estuary". The Normans laid out the streets on a plan which can still be seen today, it grew being given its first charter as a town in 1135. The town became a parliamentary borough in the Middle Ages, the Yarmouth constituency was represented by two members of Parliament until 1832; until the castle was built, raids by the French hurt the town. Legend has it that the church bells were carried off to Boulogne. Yarmouth Castle was built in 1547, is now in the care of English Heritage, it is a gun platform, built by Henry VIII to fortify the Solent and protect against any attempted invasion of England.
For many years Yarmouth was the seat of the Governor of the Island. It has a quaint Town Hall, rebuilt in 1763. In St. James's Church there is a monument to the 17th century admiral Sir Robert Holmes, at Yarmouth, he obtained it in a raid on a French ship, when he seized an unfinished statue of Louis XIV of France and forced the sculptor to finish it with his own head rather than the king's. In 1784 most of Yarmouth's ancient charters were lost: A ship's captain, drunk after a court dinner, stole what he thought was a case of wine, as he returned to his ship; when he discovered it was a case of books, he threw it overboard. Yarmouth Pier was opened in 1876, it received Grade 2 listed status in 1975. 685 ft long, it's now 609 ft but is still the longest timber pier in England open to the public, a docking point for the MV Balmoral and PS Waverley. Several Sites of Special Scientific Interest lie close to Yarmouth, including Yar Estuary SSSI & Bouldnor And Hamstead Cliffs SSSI; as a port and market town Yarmouth has had local commercial significance.
It still has some boat yards and chandlery, although small it still supports a number of shops, hotels and restaurants, supported by passing trade from the ferry terminal and visiting boat owners. The Wightlink car ferry sails from Yarmouth to Lymington in Hampshire. Southern Vectis operate bus services from Yarmouth bus station, a small building near the ferry terminal, the main route being route 7 serving Totland, Alum Bay, Freshwater and Shalfleet as well as Yarmouth. To reach Yarmouth, route 7 uses Pixley Hill, which has caused some controversy amongst local residents who do not believe the road is large enough for buses; the controversy was started by former route 11 being extended to serve Yarmouth and using the lane in September 2008. In the spring and summer, Southern Vectis operate an open top bus called "The Needles Tour" that runs through Freshwater Bay to Alum Bay and onto the Needles Battery down a bus and pedestrian-only road along the cliff edge. For the more athletic, Yarmouth is on the Isle of Wight Coastal Path.
The parish was once served with services to Newport. Passenger services ended in 1953, the track has long since been removed. In August 2014 the converted and expanded railway station opened as a restaurant. Yarmouth is one of the smallest towns in the United Kingdom; the 2011 census reported the parish of Yarmouth having 865 usual residents. In 2001 the population was just 791. Yarmouth hosted the popular biannual Old Gaffers festival which included several days of entertainment and shows, but in September 2018 it was announced that the event would no longer be held. Yarmouth marina is the landing point for the Royal Navy's Solent Amphibious Challenge, held in June each year.. Official website of Yarmouth Harbour Commissioners Yarmouth Town Council