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Thorne Bay, Alaska

Thorne Bay is a city in Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 471, down from 557 in 2000. Thorne Bay is located at 55°40′38″N 132°33′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.4 square miles, of which, 25.5 square miles of it is land and 4.8 square miles of it is water. Thorne Bay first appeared on the 1890 census as the unincorporated settlement of "Tolstoi Bay." It had 17 residents, of which 13 were Native and 4 were White. It would not appear again until 1970 when it returned as Thorne Bay an unincorporated village, it was made a census-designated place in 1980. It formally incorporated in 1982; as of the census of 2000, there were 557 people and 219 households, including 157 families, residing in the city. The population density was 541.8 people per square mile. There were 327 housing units at an average density of 12.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.46% Caucasian, 2.87% Alaska Native, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, 3.95% from two or more races.

1.26 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 219 households out of which 98.2% had children under the age of 35 living with them, 6.6% were married couples living together, 46.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 92.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 22.54 and the average family size was 33.03. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 10 females, there were 11.9 males. For every 10 females age 18 and over, there were 12.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $52,625, the median income for a family was $46,875. Males had a median income of $98,600 versus $10,25 for females; the per capita income for the city was $108,625. About 6.3% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Thorne Bay is named for Frank Manly Thorn, who served as Superintendent of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1885 to 1889. The name of the bay was misspelled when published in the original record, the spelling was never corrected to match the spelling of Thorn's last name. Thorne Bay began as a large logging camp for the Ketchikan Pulp Company in 1960, located in Hollis. Being a floating camp at the time, most Hollis residents resided in float houses. In the 1960s and 1970s it was the largest logging camp in North America and was host to over 1500 residents at its peak, it became a second-class city in 1982 and in 2001 the logging company pulled out having been a victim of breach of contract from the U. S. Forest Service; the U. S. Forest Service signed a fifty-year contract in 1954 guaranteeing 150 million board foot per year for the pulp mill and sawmills in Ketchikan. By 1990 that figure was down to 50 million board foot per year. Thanks to the U. S. Forest Service there are still some trees in that area.

Thorne Bay features many seasonal residents and an employment sector based in Forest Service and public education. In the 1970s–1980s Thorne Bay was the world's largest logging camp, it still holds the record. Thorne Bay has the world's largest tree grapple, which everyone there calls "the claw." The grapple is placed in front of the small town, with a sign that says "Thorne Bay". The school is the Thorne Bay School, operated by Southeast Island School District. Southeast Alaska's Island News – Local newspaper

Anne de La Grange-Trianon

Anne de La Grange-Trianon was a French courtier and wife to Louis de Buade de Frontenac, twice Governor General of New France. Though she never set foot in Canada, La Grange played an important role in the development of the colony as Frontenac's ambassador in the court of Louis XIV. Anne was the daughter of La Grange-Trianon, Sieur de Neufville and lived under the care of a relative in the Quai des Célestins neighborhood of Paris, close to the family of Louis de Buade de Frontenac. While little is known about her childhood, at some point during 1648, La Grange and Frontenac met and fell in love at the ages of 16 and 28, respectively, it does not appear. Frontenac was a career soldier from minor nobility who occupied a privileged position within the court and Anne was in line to inherit a sizable fortune from the estate of her deceased mother. La Grange, described as possessing a great beauty and wit, desired an opportunity to live a courtly life. Frontenac was in chronic debt. Married, the couple could provide one another with a path to the opportunities they both craved.

More La Grange and Frontenac both possessed a notably impetuous nature which led to the couple's marriage against the wishes and without the knowledge of La Grange's family in the church of St. Pierre aux Boeufs on October 28 of that year. De Neufville, unaware of the marriage, arranged for Anne to be sent to a convent as a measure to separate the young couple, he disproved of the financially insolvent Frontenac as an inappropriate match for his daughter and her inheritance. When De Neufville found out about the secret wedding in April 1649, he was outraged, disowning his daughter and vowing to remarry so he could produce a new heir to his estate; the first intense period of romance, was short lived. La Grange had a "restless craving for excitement" which put her at odds with Frontenac's strong personality, she gave birth to a son, Francois-Louis in May 1651, but shortly afterwards parted company with Frontenac due to their difficulties cohabiting. In the aftermath of these events, La Grange entered the entourage of Madame Montpensier for a time, the granddaughter of Henry IV famous for her role in the Fronde.

La Grange enjoyed the favor of Montpensier for a time, following her through her exile and partaking of notable events such as breaking into the city of Orléans with a group of boatmen. However, as with Frontenac, La Grange's energetic nature soon became at odds with her benefactor. Mademoiselle Montpensier began to suspect that La Grange was plotting against her and her family, banished her from her private court. La Grange moved back in with Frontenac in a townhouse, the pair began a campaign of petty annoyance when La Grange failed to enter back into Montpensier's favor. Attempts on her part to get the couple banned from the royal court failed, they went out of their way to harass Montpensier whenever they could. Meanwhile, La Grange and Frontenac were accruing massive amounts of debt through extravagant living. By 1664 they had accumulated interest to creditors. In 1672, still deep in debt, Frontenac was appointed the Governor General of New France; this allowed him to escape the seizure of his property, but rumors abounded that he took the post to escape La Grange, who did not follow him to the colony.

Despite the distance, La Grange and Frontenac benefited each other more during his terms as governor than at any other time. Frontenac's salary was paid directly to La Grange, La Grange was a strong advocate for her husband at court. Frontenac carefully built his legend by sending his diaries and accounts of his exploits to La Grange who would circulate them among the influential people in the French court. Around the same time as Frontenac's appointment as governor in 1672, Francois-Louis had died in battle in Germany leaving the couple without an heir. Frontenac himself died in 1698. Anne de La Grange lived until 1707, dying on January 20 of that year

Olive tree of Vouves

The Olive tree of Vouves is an olive tree in the village of Ano Vouves in the municipal unit of Kolymvari in Chania regional unit, Greece. One of the oldest olive trees in the world, it still produces olives today; the exact age of the tree cannot be determined. The use of radioisotopes is not possible, as its heartwood has been lost down the centuries, while tree ring analysis demonstrated the tree to be at least 2000 years old, and on the other end of the scale, scientists from the University of Crete have estimated it to be 4,000 years old. A possible indicator of its age are the two cemeteries from the Geometric Period discovered near the tree. Current research in Crete and abroad indicates that earlier estimates of the age of olive trees are to be debated as far as their accuracy. There is not yet an agreed upon scientific method to ascertain the age of olive trees. In the case of the Vouves Olive, it could be much younger than earlier estimates or than the ancient tree in Finix; the tree remains productive to this day, having been grafted with the cultivar'Tsounati'.

The trunk has a diameter of 4.6 m. In 1997, the tree was declared a protected natural monument, in October 2009, the Olive Tree Museum of Vouves was inaugurated in a nearby 19th-century house, displaying the traditional tools and process of olive cultivation. Branches from the tree were used to weave victors' wreaths for the winners of the 2004 Athens Olympics and the 2008 Beijing Olympics. List of famous trees List of long-living organisms List of oldest trees Third Wish, Fulghum R. - one chapter is about this tree Olive Tree Museum of Vouves MNN.com - "The world's 10 oldest living trees" Photo from Flickr - "photo of the world's oldest olive tree, Ano Vouves"

Bern Porter

Bernard Harden "Bern" Porter was an American artist, publisher and physicist. He was a representative of the avant-garde art movements Mail Found Poetry. In 2010 his work was recognized by an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Bern Porter was studied at Colby College and Brown University, he spent the last decades of his life living in Maine. Porter's talent showed itself at Ricker Junior College and he soon received a scholarship at the prestigious private Colby College in Waterville, Maine, his main subjects were physics and economics. Porter earned his master's degree at Brown University. In 1935, Porter received a job with the Acheson Colloids Corporation in New York, he worked on the development of the coating of the television tube with a graphite mixture. In Paris around 1937-38 he was taken into the circle around Gertrude Stein. Porter read the manuscript of Henry Miller's book Tropic of Cancer. After the US entry into the Second World War he worked from 1940 as a soldier for the Manhattan Project in Princeton where he made the acquaintance of Albert Einstein.

He worked there and in Tennessee, on creating methods for nuclear fission. He worked at the University of California, Berkeley, his first marriage with the young student Helen Elaine Hendren failed after one year. As early as 1944 he was during his time at Manhattan Project in Tennessee, a pacifist, publishing an anonymous pamphlet by Henry Miller; that same year, he came into close contact with Miller in Big Sur, while he worked on a Miller Bibliography. Porter formed a small press, Bern Porter Books, which published texts by and about Henry Miller and poetry books by California poets. George Leite, a bookseller from San Francisco, published via Porter, the literary magazine Circle featuring Porter's views on the interplay of Art and Science he presented in his SciArt Manifesto. Porter's parents arrived for a visit when Porter's father was arrested for fondling a 12-year-old girl, Porter discovered that his father had a long history of molesting children in Maine. Refusing to see his father, Porter spent the next five years in Guam, working for the Guam Daily News and as a waiter and writing for an ad agency.

During this time, Porter traveled in the South Pacific and meeting artists and writers and observing the rebirth of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. In 1955, upon his return to California, he married the anthropologist and writer Margaret Eudine Preston, they worked in Burnie, Tasmania in Venezuela. In the 1960s, Porter was part of the Saturn V program at the NASA Marshall Space Centre in Huntsville, Alabama until 1967). Margaret died in 1975. Porter spent the next thirty years creating poetry, mail art, correspondence and hosting visitors at his Institute of Advanced Thinking in Belfast, Maine. Porter is best known for his "founds", which he has published in numerous collections including Found Poems, The Wastemaker, The Book of Do's, Here Comes Everybody's Don't Book, Sweet End. Publishers of these works included Something Else Press, The Village Print Shop, Tilbury House. Bern Porter's underground reputation as an artist-writer-philosopher-scientist is well established among visual artists and writers, his philosophy of dissent is respected.

Dick Higgins, the avant-garde writer and publisher/editor of the Something Else Press, was inspired to call Porter the Charles Ives of American letters'. Recognizing Porter as one of the earliest and most prolific practitioners of Found Poetry', Peter Frank has written: "Porter is to the poem what Duchamp was to the art object, a debunker of handiwork fetishism and exemplary artist-as-intercessor between phenomenon and receptor, he rejects the typical artist's role of semi-divine creator. Porter's eye never tires of seeking accidental, unconventional literature in odd pages of textbooks, far corners of advertisements, the verbiage of greeting cards and repair manuals, ad infinitum." Porter's career is complex and filled with contradictions. He was born in Porter Settlement, Maine. All his life Porter had a love for the visual arts and poetry in particular; as a child he created countless scrapbooks filled with collaged cut-outs of texts and images from newspapers. This process, used in the early scrapbooks, would be developed into his technique of visual collaged poetry that he refers to as "Founds".

As a pioneer author of artist's books, experiments in poetry and collage Porter published his first artist book in 1941. And since has authored dozens of books and poetry broadsides as well as created paintings, sculpture and experimented with photography, he was an early experimenter with alternative publishing, mail art, performance poetry. Late in his life a series of short books and pamphlets by Porter were published by Roger Jackson Publishers in Ann Arbor, including The World of Bern, a collaboration with Louise R. Roarty, he wrote a poem called The Last Acts of Saint Fuck You, which were presented in alphabetical order, with the same number of acts for each letter. He did a recording of this, full of reiterations; the Maine painter and mail artist, Carlo Pittore became a major champion of Porter's work and created many works in homage to Porter including paintings and artist postage stamps. Porter's thoughts on mail art were summed up in an interview with New York artist Mark Bloch in 1985.

“Lost and Found: The Work of Bern Porter from the Collection of The Museum of Modern Art Librar

Abjuration

Abjuration is the solemn repudiation, abandonment, or renunciation by or upon oath the renunciation of citizenship or some other right or privilege. The term comes from the Latin abjurare, "to forswear". Abjuration of the realm was a type of abjuration in ancient English law; the person taking the oath swore to leave the country directly and promptly, never to return to the kingdom unless by permission of the sovereign. This was taken by fugitives who had taken sanctuary: I swear on the Holy Book that I will leave the realm of England and never return without the express permission of my Lord the King or his heirs. I will hasten by the direct road to the port allotted to me and not leave the King's highway under pain of arrest or execution. I will not stay at one place more than one night and will seek diligently for a passage across the sea as soon as I arrive, delaying only one tide if possible. If I cannot secure such passage, I will walk into the sea up to my knees every day as a token of my desire to cross.

And if I fail in all this peril shall be my lot. Near the start of the English Civil War, on 18 August 1643 Parliament passed "An Ordinance for Explanation of a former Ordinance for Sequestration of Delinquents Estates with some Enlargements." The enlargements included an oath which became known as the "Oath of Abjuration": I... So help me God. In 1656-7, it was reissued in what was for Catholics an more objectionable form. Everyone was to be "adjudged a Papist" who refused this oath, the consequent penalties began with the confiscation of two-thirds of the recusant's goods, went on to deprive him of every civic right; the Catholic Encyclopaedia makes the point that the oath and the penalties were so severe that it stopped the efforts of the Gallicanizing party among the English Catholics, ready to offer forms of submission similar to the old oath of Allegiance, condemned anew about this time by Pope Innocent X. During The Killing Time of the 1680s an Abjuration Oath could be put to suspects where they were given the option to abjure or renounce their allegiances.

The terms of the oath were deliberately designed to offend the consciences of the Presbyterian Covenanters. Those who would not swear "whether they have arms, or not" could be "immediately killed" by field trial "before two witnesses" on a charge of high treason. John Brown was included among those executed in this judicial process by John Graham on 1 May 1685; the wives and children of such men could be put out of their houses if they had spoken to the suspect or refused the oath themselves. In England the Oath of Abjuration denied the royal title of James II's heirs. In England, an Oath of Abjuration was taken by Members of Parliament and laymen, pledging to support the current British monarch and repudiated the right of the Stuarts and other claimants to the throne; this oath was imposed under William III, George I and George III. It was superseded by the oath of allegiance. In Ireland, the oath was imposed of state officeholders, lawyers, on the clergy of the established church in from 1703, the following year it was on all Irish voters and from 1709 it could be demanded of any adult male by a magistrate.

Another famous abjuration was brought about by the Plakkaat van Verlatinghe of July 26, 1581, the formal declaration of independence of the Low Countries from the Spanish king, Philip II. This oath was the climax of the Eighty Years' War. English post-Reformation oaths Papists Act 1716

Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton

Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton is a biomedical research laboratory of the United States Navy in Dayton, Ohio. It is one of seven subordinate commands of the Naval Medical Research Center and incorporates two research divisions; the Environmental Health Effects Laboratory was established in 1959 in Bethesda and moved to Dayton in 1976. The Naval Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory's predecessor activities date back to 1939 in Pensacola, it moved to Dayton in 2010. Despite being a Navy activity, NAMRU-D was set up on the grounds of Wright-Patterson Air Force Base so it could be co-located with similar Air Force activities; the U. S. Navy Toxicology Unit was established in January 1959 in response to air quality issues within the USS Nautilus as well as toxicity concerns about replacements for flammable hydraulic fluids, it was based at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, by 1965 had 22 personnel. Around that time, its building was condemned because of structural deficiencies, but due to funding difficulties for a new building they continued to occupy it through 1976, when the building was about to be lost to termites.

In May 1975, the Navy Toxicology Unit was incorporated into the Naval Medical Research Institute. The loss of the building, as well as laboratory space lost to the Environmental Health Effects Laboratory, forced a move of site and the following year it was relocated to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, increasing collaboration with the Air Force toxicology program. An aviation medicine research and training unit was established in 1939 at Naval Air Station Pensacola, which in 1946 became part of the newly established Naval School of Aviation Medicine called the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute. In 1974 it was separated into its own independent command as the Naval Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory. In 2010, it moved to Ohio and merged with the Environmental Health Effects Laboratory to form NAMRU-D as part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure process. Official website