Thornhill (Forkland, Alabama)

Thornhill is a historic plantation near Forkland, Alabama. The Greek Revival main house was built in 1833 by James Innes Thornton; the house was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on May 10, 1984. James Innes Thornton was born October 28, 1800, at the Thornton family plantation known as Fall Hill, in Fredericksburg, Virginia, he was educated at Washington and Lee University and emigrated to Huntsville, Alabama. He began to practice law there in 1820, he was elected as Alabama's third secretary of state in 1824 and remained in that position until 1834. After this he became a planter in Greene County. Thornton married Mary Amelia Glover in 1825, daughter of Allen and Sarah Norwood Glover of Demopolis, they had two children. Her brother, Williamson Allen Glover, developed the neighboring plantation known as Rosemount. Mary died after only a few years. In 1831, Thornton remarried to Anne Amelia Smith of Virginia. Anne died in 1864, he remarried in 1870 for a third and final time to Mrs. Sarah Williams Gould Gowdy, daughter of William Proctor and Eliza Chotard Gould of the Hill of Howth in Boligee.

Thornton died at Thornhill on September 13, 1877. Regarding the Thornton connection to George Washington, Mildred Washington Gregory, George Washington's paternal aunt and godmother, had three daughters who married three Thornton brothers. Mildred Gregory's daughter Frances married Col. Francis Thornton III of Fall Hill, they were the great-grandparents of James Innes Thornton. Thornhill Plantation was developed as a cotton plantation in the early 1830s and extended over 2,600 acres, it utilized the labor of 156 slaves by 1860. About a third of the slaves lived in quarters behind the plantation house. According to the diary of Josiah Gorgas, in talking with Thornton at Thornhill on Tuesday, June 6, 1865, less than two months after the end of the Civil War, Thornton "oppos... the doctrine of secession and necessary deduction that we fought so valiantly and bled so in a cause radically wrong." Gorgas pointed out however, "He has, I learn however, done his share to sustain the war, & that consciousness makes him talk the more of his former views" William Nichols is believed to be the architect of the main house at Thornhill.

Nichols became the state architect of Alabama in 1827. He is known for designing the now-destroyed Alabama State Capitol building at Tuscaloosa and the former Mississippi State Capitol building in Jackson, Mississippi; the house at Thornhill was completed by 1833. The monumental two-story portico with six Ionic columns was added circa 1850. David Rinehart Anthony, of Eutaw, is believed to be the builder who made the portico addition and second story balcony; the house measures 55 feet wide. Inside is a 14 ft wide by 40 ft long central hall with a spiral staircase at the back. There are two rooms to either side; the left front room was the parlor, with the dining room behind it. On the front right was the master bedroom with the plantation office behind it. Upstairs is four bedrooms. All eight rooms are 19.5 feet square. The downstairs rooms have 12-foot ceilings; the upstairs ceilings are 11 feet. There was a brick kitchen behind the house, it burned. Additions were made to the original structure from circa 1890 to 1949.

They were rebuilt to better match the original intent of the house. The house and grounds were extensively recorded by the Historic American Buildings Survey in 1934; the plantation schoolhouse was constructed circa 1845. The Thornton children, as well as neighboring plantation children, were taught there. Surrounding the schoolhouse are 230-year-old post oaks. Buried in the family cemetery, located a few hundred feet east of the main house, are: James Innes Thornton Anne Amelia Smith Thornton, his second wife, she had two sisters who came to live in Greene County. Mary Virginia Smith married Dr. Philip Lewis Lightfoot and lived at "Morven", named for the Lightfoot family home in Virginia; the younger sister, Sally Innes Smith, married Colonel George Willis and spent the spring and fall at their Greene County home, "Ben Lomond", on their semi-annual journeys between their home in Virginia, their winter home in Florida. The homes of these three sisters, "Thornhill", "Morven", "Ben Lomond" were quite near each other.

Morven was on the same ridge as Thornhill, Ben Lomond was on the ridge across the road from Thornhill. James Innes Thornton Jr. his son. Fitzgerald Thornton, his son. Catherine Marshall Thornton, his daughter, she was re-interred from Nevada in 1906. She married her first cousin Harry Innes Thornton, whose father, the senior Harry Innes Thornton was Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court. Harry Innes Thornton, his son. Sallie A. Blocker Thornton, his daughter-in-law. Bettie Cooper Thornton, his granddaughter. Harry Innes Thornton, his grandson. George Francis Thornton, his grandson. Grandson James Innes Thornton was re-interred in Eutaw's Mesopotamia Cemetery, next to his second wife, Helen Williamson Allison Thornton, his first wife, Betty Woolf Thornton, was re-interred in the Dayton Cemetery. T


Playmarket is a not-for-profit organisation providing script advisory services, representation for playwrights in New Zealand and access to New Zealand plays. Playmarket was founded in 1973 to encourage the professional production of New Zealand plays; the organisation now represents a substantial majority of New Zealand theatrical writers. Playmarket is a script development service and a publisher of plays. Playmarket was founded by Robert Lord, Nonnita Rees, Judy Russell and Ian Fraser as a script reading service. During the first eighteen months of the organisation, Playmarket licensed a total of 15 productions. By comparison, it licenses around 400 productions of New Zealand plays each year, both in New Zealand and around the world. Registering as a non-profit making incorporated society in 1975, the membership of the Society now meets annually to review activities, receive the annual reports and elect a board. During the year the board meets to determine policy, establish budgets and monitor the activities of the organisation.

Playmarket receives core funding from Creative New Zealand. Playmarket sells published; the bookshop is available online at their website which provides profiles of New Zealand playwrights and titles. The bookshop has a database of unpublished scripts. Many of the best scripts suitable for schools and students. Client writers and published playwrights include Roger Hall, Hone Kouka, Dave Armstrong, Gary Henderson, Jean Betts, Michelanne Forster, Robert Lord, Bruce Mason, Ken Duncum, David Geary, Alison Quigan. Playmarket publishes; the magazine provides a review of the previous year of theatrical activity in New Zealand. Playmarket services for their playwright clients include. Playmarket has two offices in Auckland. Physical Location: Wellington - Level 1, 35-38 Cambridge Terrace, Wellington Auckland - F5, 99 Queen Street, Auckland Mail can be sent to: P. O. Box 9767, Wellington 6141, New Zealand. Phone +64 4 382 8462 Culture of New Zealand Playmarket website Creative NZ 1992 Playmarket Directory of New Zealand Plays and Playwrights ISBN 0-908607-27-X

Freeborn G. Jewett

Freeborn Garrettson Jewett was an American lawyer and politician who served as a U. S. Representative from New York and was the first Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, he moved to Skaneateles in 1815, was appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1817. He was admitted to the bar in 1818 and commenced practice in Skaneateles. From 1824 to 1831 he was Surrogate of Onondaga County, he was a member from Onondaga County of the New York State Assembly in 1826. He was a presidential elector in 1828. Jewett was elected as a Jacksonian to the 22nd United States Congress, holding office from March 4, 1831, to March 3, 1833, he was Inspector of Auburn Prison in 1838 and 1839, District Attorney of Onondaga County in 1839. He was appointed an associate justice of the New York Supreme Court on March 5, 1845. On June 7, 1847, Jewett was elected one of the first judges of the New York State Court of Appeals. On June 22, he drew the shortest term, when the judges took office on July 5, he became the first Chief Judge.

He resigned in June 1853 on account of ill health. He was buried at the Lake View Cemetery in Skaneateles. Justice Jewett is the namesake of New York. Political GraveyardUnited States Congress. "Freeborn G. Jewett". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough Obit in NYT on January 30, 1858