SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Thorp Arch Trading Estate

Thorp Arch Trading Estate is a trading estate, with both industrial and retail space, 3 miles south-east of Wetherby in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England. The estate occupies the major part of the site of a former Royal Ordnance Factory, ROF Thorp Arch, in the parishes of Thorp Arch and Walton. There is evidence of its former use around the site, similar in layout to the former ROF Aycliffe in Darlington, County Durham; the Royal Ordnance Factory was built to supply British forces with munitions during the Second World War. The site was ideal: it had a railway running adjacent, open space and was not in a strategic bombing area. Railways sidings were built and buildings constructed around them, many with flat concrete roofs; the retail park is constructed in semi-underground bunkers, with grassy banks running up the sides of the buildings. The Royal Ordnance Factory closed in 1957. However, with a boom in the construction trade and many others in the post-war years, the site found many new industries requiring the space it could offer.

George Moore converted it into a trading estate. Moores Furniture Group furniture factory is situated on the estate, as is a Leeds City Council household recycling centre, a sewage works and many other small businesses situated. A major development, the biggest employer, is the British Library lending division, the British Library's second site after the St Pancras site in Central London; the British Library Boston Spa, as it is known, is housed in a large eight-storey concrete building and many smaller, newer buildings around it. The Thorp Arch Retail Park occupies semi-underground bunkers and many of the retail outlets have grassy banks up the exterior walls; the retail park houses Brooks Discount Retailers, DFS, Power Electrical Superstore, the Sofa Centre, the Greenery Garden Centre, a car showroom and a cafe. The retail park had a branch of Texas Homecare, but because of the small-sized units, it occupied two units several hundred yards apart but they were closed. Bargain Street had premises.

During the 2008–2009 UK retail crisis, two retail chains, Land of Leather and Empire Direct, closed. The street names are all uniform, with roads running in a North-South direction named "Street 1", "Street 2", "Street 8", etc. and those crossing them named "Avenue A", "Avenue B", etc. Running along the sixty-year-old lamp posts on certain parts of the estate are electricity cables; the retail park is set in grass covered bunkers. There are level crossings on certain streets, despite the railway being dismantled since 1965; the retail park is home to a playground home to an old tank, a Bren Gun Carrier and a fire engine, is still home to a large mock pirate ship

Knut (polar bear)

Knut was an orphaned polar bear born in captivity at the Berlin Zoological Garden. Rejected by his mother at birth, he was raised by zookeepers, he was the first polar bear cub. At one time the subject of international controversy, he became a tourist attraction and commercial success. After the German tabloid newspaper Bild ran a quote from an animal rights activist that decried keeping the cub in captivity, fans worldwide rallied in support of his being hand-raised by humans. Children protested outside the zoo, e-mails and letters expressing sympathy for the cub's life were sent from around the world. Knut became the center of a mass media phenomenon dubbed "Knutmania" that spanned the globe and spawned toys, media specials, DVDs, books; because of this, the cub was responsible for a significant increase in revenue, estimated at about €5 million, at the Berlin Zoo in 2007. Attendance figures for the year increased by an estimated 30 percent, making it the most profitable year in its 163-year history.

On 19 March 2011, Knut unexpectedly died at the age of four. His death was caused by drowning after he collapsed into his enclosure's pool while suffering from Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. Knut was born at the Berlin Zoo to 20-year-old Tosca, a former circus performer from East Germany, born in Canada, her 13-year-old mate Lars, from the Tierpark Hellabrunn in Munich. After an uncomplicated gestation and his unnamed brother were born on 5 December 2006. Tosca rejected her cubs for unknown reasons. Zookeepers rescued the cubs by scooping them out of the enclosure with an extended fishing net, but Knut's brother died of an infection four days later. Knut was the first polar bear to survive in the Berlin Zoo in over 30 years. Only the size of a guinea pig, the cub spent the first 44 days of his life in an incubator before zookeeper Thomas Dörflein began raising him. Knut's need for round-the-clock care required that Dörflein not only sleep on a mattress next to Knut's sleeping crate at night, but play with and feed the cub daily.

Knut's diet began with a bottle of baby formula mixed with cod liver oil every two hours, before graduating at the age of four months to a milk porridge mixed with cat food and vitamins. Dörflein accompanied Knut on his twice-daily one-hour shows for the public and therefore appeared in many videos and photographs alongside the cub; as a result, Dörflein became a minor celebrity in Germany and was awarded Berlin's Medal of Merit in honour of his continuous care for the cub. Dörflein died of a heart attack on 22 September 2008, he was 44 years old. In early March 2007, German tabloid Bild-Zeitung carried a quote by animal rights activist Frank Albrecht who said that Knut should have been killed rather than be raised by humans, he declared. Wolfram Graf-Rudolf, the director of the Aachen Zoo, agreed with Albrecht and stated that the zookeepers "should have had the courage to let the bear die" after it was rejected, arguing that the bear will "die a little" every time it is separated from its caretaker.

A group of children protested at the zoo, holding up placards reading "Knut Must Live" and "We Love Knut", others sent numerous emails and letters asking for the cub's life to be spared. Threatening letters were sent to Albrecht; the Berlin Zoo rallied in support of the baby polar bear, vowing not to harm him and rejecting the suggestion that it would be kinder to euthanise him. Albrecht stated. In December 2006 he had taken legal action against Leipzig Zoo to prevent them from killing a sloth bear cub rejected by its mother, his case was dismissed on the grounds that humans raising the animal would have been against the law of nature. In response to the criticism against him, Albrecht said that he was drawing parallels between the two cubs; the publicity from this coverage raised Knut's profile from national to international. On 23 March 2007, Knut was presented to the public for the first time. Around 400 journalists visited the Berlin Zoo on what was dubbed "Knut Day" to report on the cub's first public appearance to a worldwide audience.

Because Knut became the focus of worldwide media at a young age, many stories and false alarms regarding the cub's health and well-being were circulated during his first year. For example, on 16 April 2007, Knut was removed from display due to teething pains resulting from the growth of his right upper canine tooth, but initial reports stated that he was suffering from an unknown illness and subsequently put on antibiotics. Much ado was made about a death threat, sent shortly before 15:00 local time on Wednesday 18 April 2007; the zoo had received an anonymous letter by fax which said "Knut ist tot! Donnerstag Mittag." In response, the police increased their security measures around the bear. The time frame for the threat passed without incident. Despite Der Spiegel reporting on 30 April 2007 that Knut was "steadily getting less cute" as he increased in age, Knut continued to bring in record crowds to the zoo that summer. After reaching seven months old and 50 kg in July 2007, Knut's scheduled twice daily public appearances were canceled due to the zoo's concern for the safety of his keeper.

Zoo spokeswoman Regine Damm said it was time for the bear to "associate with other bears and not with other people." After living in the same enclosure as Ernst, a Malaysian black bear cub, born a month before Knut, an

Raff Ciccone

Raffaele "Raff" Ciccone is an Australian politician, a Senator for Victoria, representing the Labor Party. He was appointed to the Senate on 6 March 2019 following the resignation of Jacinta Collins. Ciccone is the son of Italian immigrant parents, he holds degrees in arts and commerce from the University of Melbourne. Ciccone became a senior official in the Shop and Allied Employees Association, he was elected to the board of Link Health and Community in 2009, from December 2017 served as the organisation's chair. Ciccone joined the Australian Labor Party in 2000. Before entering the Senate, Ciccone worked as a staffer to Senator Jacinta Collins and was a vice-president of the Australian Labor Party, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Labor's Senate ticket in Victoria prior to the 2013 federal election. He stood for election to the Monash City Council in 2008 and 2016, but was defeated with less than ten percent of the vote on each occasion. Ciccone was appointed to the Senate on 6 March 2019 to fill a casual vacancy caused by the resignation of Jacinta Collins.

Ciccone is married to Dimity Paul, chief of staff to Victorian government minister Adem Somyurek and stood as a Labor candidate at the 2014 state election. As of 2018 the couple lived in Hawthorn