The Chicago Annenberg Challenge was a Chicago public school reform project from 1995 to 2001 that worked with half of Chicago's public schools and was funded by a $49.2 million, 2-to-1 matching challenge grant over five years from the Annenberg Foundation. The grant was contingent on being matched by $49.2 million in private donations and $49.2 million in public money. The Chicago Annenberg Challenge was one of 18 locally designed Annenberg Challenge project sites that received $387 million over five years as part of Walter Annenberg's gift of $500 million over five years to support public school reform; the Chicago Annenberg Challenge helped create a successor organization, the Chicago Public Education Fund, committing $2 million in June 1998 as the first donor to Chicago's first community foundation for education. In the 1990s, billionaire Walter Annenberg, former ambassador to the United Kingdom under President Richard Nixon, was the United States' most generous living philanthropist. By 1998, Annenberg had given away more than $2 billion and the assets of the Annenberg Foundation he had established in June 1989 with $1 billion had grown to $3 billion and ranked as the 12th largest in the U.
S. Every weekday from May through November, Annenberg was driven from his home in Wynnewood, Pennsylvania to his Annenberg Foundation headquarters in St. Davids, where, as its sole director, he reserved every decision for himself when making grants. In June 1993, Annenberg announced he was making the largest individual gift to private education in history—$365 million to four schools: $120 million each to the communication programs at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Southern California, $25 million to Harvard College, $100 million to his alma mater, the Peddie School in Hightstown, New Jersey. In October 1993, Annenberg announced an unrestricted $25 million gift to Northwestern University bringing his total donations to Northwestern to $55 million, his last major gift to higher education for five years as he shifted the focus of his philanthropy to public K–12 education. Annenberg told Newton Minow, senior counsel of Sidley & Austin, chairman of the Carnegie Corporation, Annenberg Professor of Communications Law and Policy at Northwestern University and director of its Annenberg Washington Program: "Everybody around the world wants to send their kids to our universities.
South America, Europe, all of them. But nobody wants to send their kids here to public school. Who would in a big city? Nobody. So we've got to do something. If we don't, our civilization will collapse."Annenberg sought recommendations on making a large gift to American public schools from his pro bono education advisors: Vartan Gregorian, president of Brown University. Annenberg announced that he was giving $113 million over five years to three national school reform organizations: $50 million to a new Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University that would incorporate the CES and be chaired by Sizer $57 million to the NASDC, chaired by Kearns $6 million to the ECS to disseminate NASDC models for restructuring schoolsThe remaining $387 million was for: school reform in the largest urban school systems, attended by a third of the 47 million public school students in the U. S.. S.. Annenberg delegated how to spend the $387 million to his closest professional friend, Vartan Gregorian, whom he had known for twenty years—since Gregorian's tenure at the University of Pennsylvania where Annenberg was a trustee and its largest donor.
Annenberg called Gregorian: "The best all-around executive. A man of great character and absolute integrity; the most outstanding human being I know." Gregorian oversaw everything ensured that it was nonpartisan. Reflecting Annenberg's vision of the Challenge as a catalyst—not a yardstick—he did not require Gregorian to meet specific benchmarks, such as dispensing funds on the basis of the schools' raising their reading or math scores by certain percentage points. Gregorian recruited university presidents and business leaders to assemble civic teams in various cities to pursue Challenge grants, awarded grants to 18 locally designed projects: Nine grants were awarded to major urban areas; these awards included matching grants ranging in size from $10 million to $53 million: Ne
John Wigan was a prominent British physician and author of the early eighteenth century whose writings and translations were popular and referred to during the period. He served as principal of New Inn Hall at Oxford University between 1726 and 1732 and was physician of Westminster Hospital between 1733 and 1738. In 1738 he travelled to Jamaica with Edward Trelawny and died there a year in December 1739. John Wigan was born in the son of William Wigan, rector of Kensington. At 14, Wigan was admitted to Westminster School and from there moved to Christ Church, Oxford where he obtained his BA, MA And MD. In 1726, during his final year of studies he was made principal of New Inn Hall and was a celebrated writer on medical topics and poet, his 1723 translation of the works of Aretaeus of Cappadocia was remarked on and was used as the basis of Herman Boerhaave's work on the same topic. His poetry was published in the "Carmina quadragesimalia" and elsewhere. In 1731, Wigan was moved to Craig's Court in London.
In 1733 he was elected to the post of physician at Westminster Hospital which he retained until 1738, when he travelled to Jamaica with old friend Edward Trelawny. Trelawny settled in Spanish Town, Wigan married Mary Wheeler, daughter of planter John Douce soon afterwards; the couple had one daughter. In late 1739, Wigan died at Spanish Town and was buried under a black marble slab at St Catherine's Cathedral Church
Samuel Bradford Caswell was an American mining engineer, politician in California. He was member of the Los Angeles County Board of the Los Angeles Common Council, he was one of the pioneer founders and trustees of the Los Angeles Public Library System to open branches. Caswell was born January 1828, in Taunton, Massachusetts. About 1845, he moved to Fall River and, in 1849, to Wareham, where he was married to Mary Bradford Gibbs the same year, they had one daughter, who died around 1878, a son, William M. Caswell, he and his family moved to San Francisco, California in the early 1850s and to Los Angeles in the mid−1860s. For many years, Caswell was a trustee in the local American Unitarian Association church. In May 1895, the Caswells made a trip to Europe, returning aboard the RMS Campania of the Cunard Line. Caswell went to work as usual. At midday, though, he returned to his home at the southeast corner of West 5th Street and Grand Avenue in Downtown Los Angeles, the site of the present day Los Angeles Central Library he helped found.
That afternoon, he collapsed and died in a greenhouse in his garden. "The news spread and many friends of the family hastened to the Caswell residence to offer their condolences and any assistance they might render." Interment was February 6 at Rosedale Cemetery. Caswell was in the freight forwarding businesses in San Francisco, California. During the late California Gold Rush, he went to gold fields in Nevada County in 1855, leaving his family in San Francisco, he became a mining engineer and miner, pioneering in the use of hydraulic mining for gold in the Malakoff Diggins area in the Sierra Nevada. He and his family moved south to Los Angeles in 1865 or 1866, he opened a general merchandise store with John F. Ellis at the corner of Los Angeles and Arcadia Streets downtown. In 1887, Caswell was appointed by a Superior Court judge as a special administrator in the estate of wealthy Los Angeles landowner and entrepreneur Remi Nadeau, whose will was being contested by Nadeau's son, George A. Santa Susana Mountains oilCaswel, J.
F. Ellis, H. C. Wiley filed a mining claim for the Towsley Petroleum Mine in December 1876, located in the Santa Susana Mountains east of the Pico Canyon Oilfield near Newhall Pass. 2½ years in August 1879, they received a mineral lode patent from the U. S. government, which gave them title to the oilfield. Los Angeles City Water CompanyIn 1878, he became auditor of the Los Angeles City Water Company, In 1890, he was arrested "on three charges of violating the water ordinance, charging higher rates than those fixed by the Los Angeles Common Council, he was taken before Justice Austin, where the cases were set for trial, was released on his own recognizance. There is no record of the disposition of this case. Caswell was elected to the Los Angeles Common Council, the governing body of the city, on December 6, 1869, served until December 9, 1870. In 1872, Caswell was chosen to the first board of trustees of the Los Angeles Library Association, just being organized to found the Los Angeles Public Library System with branch libraries.
He served on the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors in 1872–74, representing the 1st District. From 1875 to 1878, he was clerk to the Common Council. Caswell is honored with a plaque in the interior of the Los Angeles Central Library, stating: History of oil in California through 1930
Gestamp Automoción is a Spanish multi-national engineering company. It is one of leading firms in the European automotive industry. Corporación Gestamp, Spain's largest automotive supplier steel company was founded in 1997, as a spin-off of Gonvarri, created in 1958; when Gestamp Automoción was formed, it supplied SEAT. It had begun from Gonvauto in 1991. On 29 April 2011 Gestamp Automoción bought ThyssenKrupp Metal Forming owned by ThyssenKrupp, the large German international company; the ThyssenKrupp division employed around 5,700 people. It is based in Madrid in the Alfonso XII street just in front of the Retiro´s park, it has over 100 production plants in 21 countries - 45 in western Europe 17 in eastern Europe 13 in North America 13 in South America 17 in AsiaIt has 13 R&D centres. Structural components of automobiles Automotive industry in Spain Gestamp Automoción Gestamp UK Corporación Gestamp Inside of Spanish factory in 2011
Bampton Castle was in the village of Bampton, Oxfordshire. Differing accounts of its origin exist. One states that in about 1142 AD during the reign of Stephen, Matilda built a motte castle. Another states that in 1314–15, during the reign of Edward II, Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, obtained a licence from the king to "make a castle of his house at Bampton."The castle was demolished before 1789 but parts of its structure have been incorporated into a house, Ham Court, a Grade II* listed building. There used to be an RAF communications station nearby, called RAF Bampton Castle; the castle is the primary setting for the fictional medieval mystery series written by Mel Starr, the first of, "The Unquiet Bones, the first chronicle of Hugh de Singleton, surgeon." "Bampton Castle" was the name of the telephone exchange in the village. It was so named in order to reduce confusion with telephone exchanges for other places in Britain called "Bampton"; the exchange still exists, neighbouring villages.