Three Arch Bay is a 29-acre private gated community located at the southern end of Laguna Beach, California. The community features some oceanfront homes with swimming pools built into the intertidal rocks which are replenished by the incoming tides. While its beach is inaccessible except through the private community, it is not private. There are no actual private beaches in California; the California Constitution provides that all beaches seaward of the mean high tide line are public property, that the public has a fundamental right to access. According to a letter of Dana Point developer Sidney Woodruff, the entire 29 acres site was purchased in 1926 for $135,000; the first rock pool was created in 1929 by film producer Edward H. Griffith. Griffith built his property. Early movies filmed in Three Arch Bay included Warner Bros.' Captain Blood starring Errol Flynn and Olivia de Havilland, Paramount Pictures' Give Us This Night. By 1939 lots in the area were sold for $100 down on a $3000 lot; the original sales promotional advertisements warned of "Rattlesnakes Galore."
Huangbai River is a river in China's Hubei Province, a left tributary of the Yangtze River. The Huangbai is located within the prefecture-level city of Yichang, it flows in a southern direction through Yichang's Yiling District and Yuan'an County, to its confluence with the Yangtze upstream of the Gezhouba Dam. The water level in the river has been raised by the dam, the lowermost section of the river is now somewhat of a harbor on the Gezhouba Reservoir, with numerous wharves and shipyards; the Chinese Sturgeon Museum, part of the Chinese Sturgeon Research Center, is located on a small island called Xiaoxita in the Huangbai River, within Yiling District
Henry Stephens Randall was an American agriculturist, writer and politician who served as New York Secretary of State. He was the son of Shelburne, Vermont, he came as a young boy from New York to Cortland. He wrote many articles for agricultural periodicals, Sheep Husbandry, the "sheepman's bible" of the times. On February 4, 1834, Randall married in Auburn, New York, Jane Rebecca Polhemus, the daughter of Rev. Henry Polhemus and Jane Polhemus, they had Roswell Stephens Randall who married Mary Forby, of Albany, New York. Henry's son Francis died on June 1844, aged 21 months, his daughter Hattie S. Randall married D. J. Mosher, MD, on June 18, 1872. In November 1849, he ran for Secretary of State on the Democratic ticket but was defeated by Whig Christopher Morgan, he was Secretary of State of New York from 1852 to 1853, elected in November 1851. Randall wrote The Life of Thomas Jefferson, published in three volumes in 1858, he was the only biographer permitted to interview Jefferson’s immediate family.
In a letter to James Parton he relates that the family believed Jefferson's nephew Peter Carr was the father of Sally Hemings's children. Randall was a delegate to the 1860 Democratic National Convention, he was buried at the Cortland Rural Cemetery. His letter to James Parton about Thomas Jefferson, FRONTLINE, PBS His daughter's marriage at Vital Statistics for Cortland County, transcribed from The Cortland County Standard His son Francis's death at Vital statistics of Cortland County, transcribed from Cortland Democrat Short bio at Cortland History Obituary note of his sister Lucy Maria Randall Hoes, July 30, 1898, The New York Times The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 1, The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 2 The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 3, Ohio Wool Growers Association, January 6, 1864
The Order of St George, Hungarian: Szent György Vitézei Lovagrend, was the first secular chivalric order in the world and was established by King Charles I of Hungary in 1326. The Order was founded by King Charles I of Hungary as the Fraternal Society of Knighthood of St George; the precise date of its foundation is not known, but based on the text of its Statutes, it was in existence on St George's Day, 23 April 1326. The order flourished during Charles' reign and achieved greater success under the reign of his son Louis I of Hungary. After the death of Louis, the Hungarian throne became the subject of a violent dispute between his relations, the Hungarian kingdom dissolved into civil war, destroying the original Society. All, known about the Order in terms of its mission, composition and activities has been obtained from the only surviving artifact which describes the Society. Based on the Statutes, although the Society of St George was a political and honorary body, Charles infused the ideals of chivalry into the Society promoting them among the lesser nobles of his kingdom and implementing the classic symbol of chivalry, the knights' tournament, in Hungarian festivals of chivalry.
Unlike the ecclesiastical Orders of the period, members of the Society wore a black, knee-length, hooded mantle, bearing not an heraldic device but an inscription: "IN VERITATE IUSTUS SUM HUIC FRATERNALI SOCIETATE" - "In truth I am just to this fraternal society." The Statutes were written in Latin, the language of learned writing in Hungary before the 19th century, are about 1700 words long, in the form of letters patent. Suspended from the document was the great seal of the Society with the classic iconic representation of St George mounted on a horse slaying the dragon under the horse's hooves as shown on the right; the document is housed in the Országos Levéltar, DL. 40 483. There are a number of translations of the Statutes, facilitating study; the Order existed only for a short period. A private association of the same name is a self-styled order, established in 2001. Fügedi, Erik: Ispánok, bárók, kiskirályok. Kristó, Gyula: Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon - 9-14. Század.
George Dixon was an English sea captain and maritime fur trader. George Dixon was "born in Leath Ward, a native of Kirkoswald"; the son of Thomas Dixon, he was baptised in Kirkoswald on 8 July 1748. He served on HMS Resolution, as armourer. In the course of the voyage he learned about the commercial possibilities along the North West Coast of America. History has not served Dixon well; when he is mentioned, he is relegated to a minor figure, overshadowed by the more dramatic figures of Cook and William Bligh, another officer on Cook's ill-fated third trip. In 1782, George Dixon was engaged by William Bolts; the Wiener Zeitung newspaper of 29 June 1782 carried a report from Fiume that, "in the early days of this month, Mr. von Bolts, Director of the Triestine East India Company, together with the English captain, Mr. Digson, arrived in this city". George Dixon wrote in the introduction to his account of the voyage he made for the Etches Company to the North West Coast in 1785–1788: So early as 1781, William Bolts, Esq.
She was to have sailed from Trieste under Imperial colours, was fitted out for trade or discovery: men of eminence in every department of science were engaged on board. The Triestine Society sent the Cobenzell in September 1783 on a commercial voyage to the Malabar Coast and China by way of the Cape of Good Hope. After leaving Trieste, she proceeded to Marseilles, where she took in the principal part of her cargo and departed that port in December. Bolts still wished to carry out his North West Coast venture in connection with this voyage, asked George Dixon to participate. However, Dixon went back to England, where he attempted to interest Sir Joseph Banks and English merchants in the North West Coast fur trade; this resulted in the formation of the Etches consortium, of which Dixon became a member with appointment as captain of the Queen Charlotte. The similarity is notable between the plan of the consortium and that elaborated by Bolts, communicated to them by Dixon. In 1785, Dixon became a partner in Richard Cadman Etches and Company called the King George's Sound Company to develop fur trade in present-day British Columbia and Alaska.
In September 1785 Dixon and fellow trader Nathaniel Portlock sailed from England. Portlock was in command of the larger vessel, the 320-ton bm King George, with a crew of 59. Dixon commanded the 200 ton Queen Charlotte, with a crew of 33. Dixon and Portlock sailed together for most of their three-year voyage. In the summers of 1786 and 1787, Dixon explored the shores of present-day British Columbia and southeastern Alaska, he spent the intervening winter in the Hawaiian Islands, where he became the first European to visit the island of Molokaʻi. He anchored in Kealakekua Bay, where Cook did not come ashore, his chief areas of exploration were Haida Gwaii and Queen Charlotte Sound, Yakutat Bay, Sitka Sound, the Dixon Entrance. While not the first European to explore the region of Haida Gwaii, he was the first to realize they were islands and not part of the mainland. On the northwestern part of Graham Island he acquired a large number of sea otter cloaks in trade with the Haida of Kiusta, under Chief Cuneah.
Because of the many cloaks, he named the bay where he anchored "Cloak Bay". After visiting China and selling his cargo, he returned to England in 1788 and published, in 1789, A Voyage Round the World, but More Particularly to the North-West Coast of America; the book was a collection of descriptive letters by William Beresford, his cargo officer, valuable charts and appendices by Dixon. There was a controversy between Dixon and John Meares, another explorer who had published a book claiming credit for discoveries Dixon thought were made by others; this controversy resulted in three pamphlets by Meares denouncing each other. In retrospect, history seems to support Dixon's view. In 1789 Dixon met with Alexander Dalrymple, the Examiner of Sea Journals for the East India Company and an influential advocate of maritime exploration, the Under-Secretary of the Home and Colonial Office, Evan Nepean, he urged on Nepean the need to take up Dalrymple’s plan for a settlement on the North West Coast to prevent the Russians, Americans or Spanish from establishing themselves there.
Dixon was afraid that if nothing was done the coast and its trade would be lost to Britain. On 20 October 1789, he wrote to Sir Joseph Banks regarding the expedition being fitted out under the command of his former Discovery shipmate, Henry Roberts, for discovery in the South Seas, he offered suggestions on the type of vessels that would be suitable and proposed the Queen Charlotte Islands as the best place to form a settlement on the North West Coast. There was a George Dixon who taught navigation at Gosport and wrote a treatise entitled The Navigator's Assistant in 1791; this may not be the same George Dixon. Dixon arrived in Bermuda with his wife, via New York in February 1794, his intention was to work as a silversmith/jeweller. This is borne out by an advertisement in The Bermuda Gazette in April 1794 anno
The Soil Science Society of America, is the largest soil-specific society in the United States. It was formed in 1936 from the merger of the Soils Section of the American Society of Agronomy and the American Soil Survey Association; the Soils Section of ASA became the official Americas section of the International Union of Soil Sciences in 1934, a notable role which SSSA continues to fulfill. The mission of the Society is: "1) to enhance the sustainability of soils, the environment, society by integrating diverse scientific disciplines and principles in soil science for the wise stewardship of soil and natural resources, 2) to advance the discovery and profession of soil science through excellence in the acquisition and application of knowledge to address challenges facing society, in the training and professional development of soil scientists, in the education of, communication to a diverse citizenry." SSSA publishes peer-reviewed scholarly journals and books for a variety of audiences. SSSA publications are available in the ACSESS Digital Library.
Soil Science Society of America Journal, is published bimonthly, is the official publication of the Soil Science Society of America. The SSSA Journal has an established emphasis on new developments and advancements in soil science and publishes papers on original research, issue papers, reviews and letters to the editor, book reviews. Topics include and extend beyond basic and applied soil research in agricultural, forest and urban settings. Vadose Zone Journal is a unique publication outlet for interdisciplinary research and assessment of the Critical Zone, which comprises the Earth’s critical living surface down to groundwater. VZJ is a peer-reviewed, international journal publishing reviews, original research, special sections across a wide range of disciplines. Journal of Environmental Quality, is published by American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America and SSSA. Papers in JEQ cover various aspects of anthropogenic impacts on the environment, including terrestrial and aquatic systems.
Emphasis is given to the understanding of underlying processes rather than to monitoring. The journal publishes contributions under the headings of technical reports and analyses, environmental issues, short communications, dataset papers, special sections, letters to the editor, book reviews. Natural Sciences Education, is a peer-reviewed international journal published online continuously during the year. Articles are written by and for educators in the areas of animal science, natural resources, the environment and more. NSE is published by the American Society of Agronomy with a number of cooperating societies including SSSA. Soil Horizons aim is to share the importance of soil science with a larger audience, it features stories celebrating the diversity and critical impact of soil scientists and their work and includes peer-reviewed papers on global issues and solutions in the study of soils, along with emerging challenges, unique field experiences, findings. CSA News is the official magazine for members of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America and Soil Science Society of America.
It is a monthly member magazine featuring research highlights. Books—SSSA publishes books for a wide audience—from children to scholars—with an emphasis on the Society's mission of advancing the knowledge of soils and their importance in the environment and society. SSSA publishes textbooks, professional guides, special topics books; the SSSA certification programs are voluntary and offer similar benefits to the public as soil science licensing programs. The certification programs set standards for knowledge and conduct that define the professions of soil science and soil classification; these certifications provide clients and government agencies with a tool to help them choose professionals with the necessary skills to meet their needs. SSSA completed an assessment of the grand challenges facing the soil science discipline in 2011, identifying the most critical future research needs in soil science: climate change. More information on the grand challenges in soil science, including a list of short-, medium-, long-term research goals, is available online.
Observations throughout the world make it clear that climate change is occurring, rigorous scientific research concludes that the greenhouse gases emitted by human activities are the primary driver. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization declared 2015 as the International Year of Soils. In celebration of IYS, SSSA developed 12 monthly themes to help communicate the importance of soil; each month features activities that help participants learn more about soils, a monthly thematic video to explain the topic. Discover Soils SSSA’s public website has a wealth of information about soils, their preservation and conservation. News topics include: Food & Health, Environment, Culture & Technology, Soil Basics; the Soils in the City tab helps. “Dig it! The Secrets of Soil” SSSA is the founding sponsor of this 4000-square foot exhibition revealing the complex world of soil and how this underfoot ecosystem supports nearly every form of life. Developed by and disp