Alexandre Dumas, known as Alexandre Dumas, père, was a French writer. His works have translated into nearly 100 languages, and he is one of the most widely read French authors. His novels have been adapted since the twentieth century for nearly 200 films. Dumas last novel, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine, unfinished at his death, was completed by a scholar and published in 2005 and it was published in English in 2008 as The Last Cavalier. Prolific in several genres, Dumas began his career by writing plays and he wrote numerous magazine articles and travel books, his published works totalled 100,000 pages. In the 1840s, Dumas founded the Théâtre Historique in Paris and his father, General Thomas-Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie, was born in the French colony of Saint-Domingue to a French nobleman and an enslaved African woman. At age 14 Thomas-Alexandre was taken by his father to France, Dumas fathers aristocratic rank helped young Alexandre acquire work with Louis-Philippe, Duke of Orléans. He began working as a writer, finding early success, decades later, in the election of Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte in 1851, Dumas fell from favour and left France for Belgium, where he stayed for several years.
Upon leaving Belgium, Dumas moved to Russia for a few years before going to Italy, in 1861, he founded and published the newspaper LIndipendente, which supported the Italian unification effort. In 1864, he returned to Paris, though married, in the tradition of Frenchmen of higher social class, Dumas had numerous affairs. In his lifetime, he was known to have at least four illegitimate or natural children and he acknowledged and assisted his son, Alexandre Dumas, to become a successful novelist and playwright. They are known as Alexandre Dumas père and Alexandre Dumas fils, among his affairs, in 1866, Dumas had one with Adah Isaacs Menken, an American actress less than half his age and at the height of her career. The English playwright Watts Phillips, who knew Dumas in his life, described him as the most generous. He was the most delightfully amusing and egotistical creature on the face of the earth and his tongue was like a windmill – once set in motion, you never knew when he would stop, especially if the theme was himself.
Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie was born in 1802 in Villers-Cotterêts in the department of Aisne, in Picardy and he had two older sisters, Marie-Alexandrine and Louise-Alexandrine. Their parents were Marie-Louise Élisabeth Labouret, the daughter of an innkeeper, at the time of Alexandres birth, his father was impoverished. It is not known whether she was born in Saint-Domingue or in Africa, brought as a boy to France by his father and legally freed there, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas Davy was educated in a military school and joined the army as a young man. As an adult, Thomas-Alexandre used his mothers name, Dumas, as his surname after a break with his father, Dumas was promoted to general by the age of 31, the first soldier of Afro-Antilles origin to reach that rank in the French army
Ronald William George Ronnie Barker, OBE was an English actor and writer. He was known for roles in British comedy television series such as Porridge, The Two Ronnies, Barker began acting in repertory theatre and decided he was best suited to comic roles. He had his first success at the Oxford Playhouse and in roles in the West End including Tom Stoppards The Real Inspector Hound, during this period, he was in the cast of BBC radio and television comedies such as The Navy Lark. He got his break with the satirical sketch series The Frost Report in 1966. He joined David Frosts production company and starred in ITV shows including a short film, after rejoining the BBC, Barker found fame with the sketch show The Two Ronnies, with Ronnie Corbett. He starred in the sitcoms Porridge, its sequel Going Straight and he wrote comedy under his own name, though for much of his written material after 1968 he adopted pseudonyms to avoid pre-judgments of his writing talent. He won a BAFTA for best light entertainment performance four times, among other awards, television sitcoms such as The Magnificent Evans and Clarence were less successful and he retired in December 1987.
The following year, he opened a shop with his wife. After 1999, he appeared in smaller, non-comic roles in films and he died of heart failure on 3 October 2005, aged 76. Barker was born on 25 September 1929 in Bedford, Barkers elder sister Vera was born in 1926 and his younger sister Eileen was born in 1933. His father was a clerk for Shell-Mex, and this job saw the move to Church Cowley Road in Cowley. Barkers biographer Bob McCabe described his childhood as a time, marred by no ructions or family tensions. As a child, Barker enjoyed dressing up, particularly in his fathers pierrot outfit, as well as films, comics and he developed a love of the theatre, often attending plays with his family. The first play he saw was Cottage to Let and he skipped school to see Laurence Olivier in Henry V. He frequently stood outside stage doors to collect autographs, his first being the actress Celia Johnson, Barker grew up in the Florence Park area of Oxford, and went to Donnington Junior School, and the City of Oxford High School for Boys.
Barkers chemistry textbook at Oxford was previously used by T. E. Lawrence and he found his talent for humour at school and developed his musical ability by singing in the choir at St Jamess, his local church. He got into the form a year early after gaining the School Certificate but he felt what he was learning would be of no use to him in life. After leaving school he trained as an architect but gave it up after six months, Barker took his sister Veras job as a bank clerk at the Westminster Bank after she had left to become a nurse
Thomas Oliphant (lyricist)
Thomas Oliphant was a Scottish musician and author whose works were well known in their day. He wrote the chorale for the wedding of the future King Edward VII, Oliphant wrote the words to Deck the Hall with Boughs of Holly. Thomas was the son of Ebenezer Oliphant, 7th of Condie and Mary, 3rd daughter of Sir William Stirling, Bt. of Ardoch, Perth. Thomas was baptised at Forgandenny on Christmas Day in 1799, Oliphant was closely related to Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne. Oliphant had a total of six brothers and sisters and his eldest brother was Laurence Oliphant, 8th of Condie, Member of Parliament for Perth from 1832 to 1837. Another older brother, Sir Anthony Oliphant, was Chief Justice of Ceylon, a third brother, Lt. Col. James Oliphant, was Chairman of the Honourable East India Company and it is from this brother that the present chiefly line of Oliphants descend. Thomas died unmarried on 9 March 1873 in Great Marlborough Street, Oliphant was educated at Winchester College but left early. He became a member of the London Stock Exchange but after a time left to pursue his interest in music.
He wrote English words to a number of Italian Madrigals for the Societys use, in some instances his words were translations but in many. Like his more famous cousin, Oliphant was primarily a lyricist, Oliphant took part in the Great Handel festival in Westminster Abbey in the chorus as the bass vocalist. Oliphant wrote the words for the chorale for the wedding of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra in 1863. The music was composed by Prince Albert and when Queen Victoria heard the recital, Oliphant was described as the Poet of the Court, as he wrote lyrics for Royal events and other important occasions. In Victorian Britain the vogue for translating foreign lyrics into English was popular and it was a pastime at which Oliphant was prodigious. Oliphants position in the world has diminished to the point where he is largely unknown. In spite of his interpretations of German songs, it would appear that, at one time at least. As one of his friends and contemporaries put it, Many a popular song of those days bore on its title-page the intimation, Words by Thomas Oliphant.
The Standard-Bearer was one of the most successful of the many songs of which I thus furnished him. Given the quantity of translations which Oliphant produced, it is hard to see how he could not have gained knowledge of German in the process
The Oxford Martyrs were tried for heresy in 1555 and burnt at the stake in Oxford, for their religious beliefs and teachings, during the Marian persecution of protestants in England. The three martyrs were the Anglican bishops Hugh Latimer, Nicholas Ridley and Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the three were tried at University Church of St Mary the Virgin, the official church of the University of Oxford on the High Street. The men were imprisoned at the former Bocardo Prison near the extant St Michael at the Northgate church in Cornmarket Street, the door of their cell is on display in the tower of the church. The men were burnt at the stake just outside the city walls to the north and Ridley were burnt on 16 October 1555. Cranmer was burnt five months on 21 March 1556, a small area cobbled with stones forming a cross in the centre of the road outside the front of Balliol College marks the site. The Victorian spire-like Martyrs Memorial, at the end of St Giles nearby. It is claimed that the marks from the flames can still be seen on the doors of Balliol College.
There has been an attempt to connect the Oxford Martyrs with the nursery rhyme Three Blind Mice and it has been speculated that the rhyme refers to Queen Mary I of England blinding and executing the three Oxford Martyrs. However, Hugh Latimer and Thomas Cranmer were burned, if the rhyme was made by Catholics, their being blind could refer to their Protestantism
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections. The latest novel is Trigger Mortis by Anthony Horowitz, published in September 2015, additionally Charlie Higson wrote a series on a young James Bond, and Kate Westbrook wrote three novels based on the diaries of a recurring series character, Moneypenny. The character has adapted for television, comic strip, video games. As of 2017, there have been twenty-four films in the Eon Productions series, the most recent Bond film, stars Daniel Craig in his fourth portrayal of Bond, he is the sixth actor to play Bond in the Eon series. There have two independent productions of Bond films, Casino Royale and Never Say Never Again. In 2015, the franchise was estimated to be worth $19.9 billion, the Bond films are renowned for a number of features, including the musical accompaniment, with the theme songs having received Academy Award nominations on several occasions, and two wins.
Other important elements which run through most of the films include Bonds cars, his guns, the films are noted for Bonds relationships with various women, who are sometimes referred to as Bond girls. Ian Fleming created the character of James Bond as the central figure for his works. Bond is an officer in the Secret Intelligence Service, commonly known as MI6. Bond is known by his number,007, and was a Royal Naval Reserve Commander. Among those types were his brother, who had involved in behind-the-lines operations in Norway. Aside from Flemings brother, a number of others provided some aspects of Bonds make up, including Conrad OBrien-ffrench, Patrick Dalzel-Job and Bill Biffy Dunderdale. The name James Bond came from that of the American ornithologist James Bond, a Caribbean bird expert and author of the definitive field guide Birds of the West Indies. He further explained that, When I wrote the first one in 1953, I wanted Bond to be a dull, uninteresting man to whom things happened. When I was casting around for a name for my protagonist I thought by God, is the dullest name I ever heard.
On another occasion, Fleming said, I wanted the simplest, plainest-sounding name I could find, James Bond was much better than something more interesting, like Peregrine Carruthers. Exotic things would happen to and around him, but he would be a neutral figure—an anonymous, likewise, in Moonraker, Special Branch Officer Gala Brand thinks that Bond is certainly good-looking. Rather like Hoagy Carmichael in a way and that black hair falling down over the right eyebrow
Curtis DuBois Fuller is an American jazz, soul jazz trombonist, known as a member of Art Blakeys Jazz Messengers and contributor to many classic jazz recordings. Fullers Jamaican-born parents died when he was young, he was raised in an orphanage, while in Detroit he was a schoolfriend of Paul Chambers and Donald Byrd, and knew Tommy Flanagan, Thad Jones and Milt Jackson. After army service between 1953 and 1955, Fuller joined the quintet of Yusef Lateef, another Detroit musician, in 1957 the quintet moved to New York, and Fuller recorded his first sessions as a leader for Prestige Records. Alfred Lion of Blue Note Records first heard Fuller playing with Miles Davis in the late 1950s, Fuller led four dates for Blue Note, though one of these, an album with Slide Hampton, was not issued for many years. Other sideman appearances over the decade included work on albums under the leadership of Bud Powell, Jimmy Smith, Wayne Shorter, Lee Morgan. Fuller was the first trombonist to be a member of the Art Farmer-Benny Golson Jazztet, becoming the man in Art Blakeys Jazz Messengers in 1961.
In the early 1960s, Fuller recorded two albums as a leader for Impulse, having recorded for Savoy Records and Epic after his obligations to Blue Note had ended. In the late 1960s, he was part of Dizzy Gillespies band that featured Foster Elliott, Fuller went on to tour with Count Basie and reunited with Blakey and Golson. In 2007 Fuller was named an NEA Jazz Master, Fuller continues to perform and record, and is a faculty member of the New York State Summer School of the Arts School of Jazz Studies. Soul jazz Blues Bebop WICN Worcester Jazz & Folk Radio Interview New England Jazz History Database - Curtis Fuller Search
Dr. No (film)
No is a 1962 British spy film, starring Sean Connery, with Ursula Andress and Joseph Wiseman, filmed in Jamaica and England, it is the first James Bond film. Based on the 1958 novel of the name by Ian Fleming, it was adapted by Richard Maibaum, Johanna Harwood. The film was produced by Harry Saltzman and Albert R. Broccoli, in the film, James Bond is sent to Jamaica to investigate the disappearance of a fellow British agent. The trail leads him to the base of Dr. No. Although the first of the Bond books to be made into a film, No was not the first of Flemings novels, Casino Royale being the debut for the character, the film makes a few references to threads from earlier books. This film introduced the criminal organisation SPECTRE, which would appear in six subsequent films. No was produced on a low budget and was a financial success, while critical reaction was mixed upon release, over time the film has gained a reputation as one of the series best instalments. The film was the first of a series of 24 Bond films.
No launched a genre of secret agent films that flourished in the 1960s, the film spawned a spin-off comic book and soundtrack album as part of its promotion and marketing. Production designer Ken Adam established a visual style that is one of the hallmarks of the film series. Strangways, the British Intelligence Station Chief in Jamaica, is ambushed and killed and they break into Strangeways home/office, kill his secretary, and steal documents related to Crab Key and Dr. No. In response, MI6 agent James Bond is summoned to the office of his superior, M, Bond leaves for Kingston, but not before spending a night with a woman named Sylvia Trench. Upon his arrival at Kingston Airport, a female photographer tries to take Bonds picture and he is picked up by a chauffeur claiming to have been sent to take him to Government House, whom Bond determines to be an enemy agent. Bond instructs him to leave the road and, after a brief fight, Bond starts to interrogate the driver. During his investigation in Strangways house, Bond sees a photograph of a boatman with Strangways, Bond locates the boatman, named Quarrel, but finds him to be uncooperative.
Bond recognises Quarrel to have been the driver of the car that followed him from the airport, the CIA has traced the mysterious radio jamming of American rockets to the vicinity of Jamaica, but aerial photography cannot determine the exact location of its origin. Quarrel reveals that he has been guiding Strangways around the islands to collect mineral samples. During a search of Strangways house, Bond finds a receipt, Bond meets with Dent who says he assayed the samples for Strangways and determined them to be ordinary rocks
Harry Lillis Bing Crosby, Jr. was an American singer and actor. The first multimedia star, from 1931 to 1954 Crosby was a leader in sales, radio ratings. His early career coincided with technical recording innovations such as the microphone and this allowed him to develop a laid-back, intimate singing style that influenced many of the popular male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Dick Haymes, and Dean Martin. Also in 1948, the Music Digest estimated that Crosby recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music, in 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. He is one of only 33 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the categories of motion pictures, Crosby influenced the development of the postwar recording industry. He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. In addition to his work with early tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, Crosby died at the age of 74 on October 14,1977, from a sudden heart attack in Alcobendas, Spain.
Crosby was born on May 2,1903 in Tacoma, Washington, in 1906, Crosbys family moved to Spokane, and in 1913, Crosbys father built a house at 508 E. Sharp Avenue. The house now sits on the campus of Crosbys alma mater Gonzaga University and he was the fourth of seven children, brothers Larry, Everett and Bob, and two sisters and Mary Rose. His parents were Harry Lowe Crosby, Sr. a bookkeeper, Crosbys mother was a second generation Irish-American. In 1910, seven-year-old Harry Crosby Jr. was forever renamed, the Sunday edition of the Spokesman-Review published a feature called The Bingville Bugle. Written by humorist Newton Newkirk, The Bingville Bugle was a parody of a hillbilly newsletter filled with gossipy tidbits, minstrel quips, creative spelling, and mock ads. A neighbor, 15-year-old Valentine Hobart, shared Crosbys enthusiasm for The Bugle, and noting Crosbys laugh, took a liking to him, the last vowel was dropped and the nickname stuck. Crosby described Jolsons delivery as electric, Crosby graduated from Gonzaga High School in 1920 and enrolled at Gonzaga University.
He attended Gonzaga for three years, but did not earn a bachelors degree, as a freshman, he played on the universitys baseball team. The university granted him a doctorate in 1937. In 1923, Crosby was invited to join a new band composed of school students a few years younger than himself. Al Rinker, Miles Rinker, James Heaton, Claire Pritchard and Robert Pritchard, along with drummer Crosby, formed the Musicaladers, the group performed on Spokane radio station KHQ, but disbanded after two years
Joseph Haydn was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. Haydn spent much of his career as a musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, yet his music circulated widely and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe. He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a teacher of Beethoven, Joseph Haydn was born in Rohrau, Austria, a village that at that time stood on the border with Hungary. His father was Mathias Haydn, a wheelwright who served as Marktrichter. Haydns mother Maria, née Koller, had worked as a cook in the palace of Count Harrach. Neither parent could read music, Mathias was a folk musician. According to Haydns reminiscences, his family was extremely musical. Haydns parents had noticed that their son was musically gifted and knew that in Rohrau he would have no chance to obtain serious musical training, Haydn therefore went off with Frankh to Hainburg 12 kilometres away, he never again lived with his parents.
Life in the Frankh household was not easy for Haydn, who remembered being frequently hungry and he began his musical training there, and could soon play both harpsichord and violin. The people of Hainburg heard him sing treble parts in the church choir, Haydn passed his audition with Reutter, and after several months of further training moved to Vienna, where he worked for the next nine years as a chorister. Haydn lived in the Kapellhaus next to the cathedral, along with Reutter, Reutters family, and the other four choirboys, the choirboys were instructed in Latin and other school subjects as well as voice and keyboard. Reutter was of help to Haydn in the areas of music theory and composition. However, since St. Stephens was one of the musical centres in Europe. Like Frankh before him, Reutter did not always bother to make sure Haydn was properly fed, by 1749, Haydn had matured physically to the point that he was no longer able to sing high choral parts. Empress Maria Theresa herself complained to Reutter about his singing, calling it crowing, one day, Haydn carried out a prank, snipping off the pigtail of a fellow chorister.
This was enough for Reutter, Haydn was first caned, summarily dismissed and he had the good fortune to be taken in by a friend, Johann Michael Spangler, who shared his familys crowded garret room with Haydn for a few months. Haydn immediately began his pursuit of a career as a freelance musician and he was briefly in Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitzs employ, playing the organ in the Bohemian Chancellery chapel at the Judenplatz
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams now play in the National League and American League, the NL and AL operated as separate legal entities from 1876 and 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities since 1903, the merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises about 240 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs, with the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseballs first professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869,30 years after Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the game of baseball, the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who often jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era, Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, and survived potential downturns during the Great Depression, shortly after the war, baseballs color barrier was broken by Jackie Robinson. The 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL, new stadiums, Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, and media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, today, MLB is composed of thirty teams, twenty-nine in the United States and one in Canada. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America, MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution and this document has undergone several incarnations since 1875, with the most recent revisions being made in 2012.
Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sports umpiring crews, and negotiates marketing, labor, MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball. This ruling has been weakened only slightly in subsequent years, the weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLBs primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916, the last attempt at a new league was the aborted Continental League in 1960. The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner, Rob Manfred, the chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives, chief officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer. The multimedia branch of MLB, which is based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media and this branch oversees MLB. com and each of the 30 teams websites. Its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, MLB Productions is a similarly structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media
Piano Concerto No. 4 (Rachmaninoff)
Piano Concerto No.4 in G minor, Op.40, is a major work by Russian composer Sergei Rachmaninoff, completed in 1926. The work exists in three versions, following its unsuccessful premiere, the composer made cuts and other amendments before publishing it in 1928. With continued lack of success, he withdrew the work, eventually revising and republishing it in 1941, the original manuscript version was released in 2000 by the Rachmaninoff Estate to be published and recorded. The work is dedicated to Nikolai Medtner, who in turn dedicated his Second Piano Concerto to Rachmaninoff the following year, compared with its predecessors, the Fourth Concerto contains sharper thematic profiles along with a refinement of textures in keyboard and orchestra. These qualities do not lead to greater simplicity but to a different sort of complexity and it was a continuation of Rachmaninoffs long-range creative growth, the Third Concerto and the recomposed First Concerto were less heavily orchestrated than the Second Concerto.
In keeping with its character, the Fourth Concerto is lighter still. This refinement of musical language, especially in orchestration, went back at least to The Bells, what Rachmaninoff heard around him proved that politics was not the only thing that had changed since the October Revolution. Even if he did not like most of what he heard, he was at least aware of what Bartók, Stravinsky, evidently the individuality originally formed by the composer has for some reason ceased to satisfy the composer. The searches of a great talent are always interesting, other critics noticed a new angularity and pungency in these études, along with a more severe and deepened mode of expression. This was influenced in part by Rachmaninoffs study of Scriabins music for the memorial recitals he played in 1915, many have noted Rachmaninoffs inspiration from George Gershwins Rhapsody in Blue, a piece for piano and orchestra completed in 1924, only three years before Rachmaninoff finished his own. His presence at the premiere of the Gershwin Rhapsody on February 12,1924 is well known, tenor John McCormack remembered Rachmaninoff himself playing jazz for his own amusement.
These jazz elements, most felt, were not consistent with Rachmaninoffs previous brooding, what they failed to realize was that, though some aspects of the concerto had roots in Imperial Russia, the piece had been written mainly in New York, and finished in Western Europe. The composer was a sharp and sensitive man who had naturally been affected by the sights, any romantic aura had long dissipated. The concerto is probably the least known of all Rachmaninoffs piano concertos, there may be several reasons for this. The structure was criticized for being amorphous and difficult to grasp on a single hearing, only the second movement contains a prominent melody, while the external movements seem to be composed mainly of virtuosic piano runs and cadenzas. Like most of Rachmaninoffs late works, the concerto has a daring chromaticism, Rachmaninoff left Russia with his family on December 23,1917 for a concert date in Stockholm, never to return. Life as an émigré with a wife and two daughters to support meant that composition was out of the question, at least for a while and he needed time to renew himself.
Rachmaninoff had composed intensely during much of his career in Russia, aside from the requirements of his pianistic career, it may have been more dignified for Rachmaninoff to endure a period of creative silence than to merely repeat what he had written before
Joseph Charles Holbrooke was an English composer and pianist. Joseph Holbrooke was born Joseph Charles Holbrook in Croydon and his father, named Joseph, was a music hall musician and teacher, and his mother Helen was a Scottish singer. He had two sisters and two younger brothers, both of whom died in infancy. The family travelled around the country, with both participating in musical entertainments. After leaving the Royal Academy Holbrooke sought a variety of occupations, in 1898 he undertook a tour of Scotland accompanying the music hall singer Arthur Lloyd, but the venture failed and he was forced to return to live with his father in London. He moved out of the home to Harringay where he began to teach music privately. Around this time he decided to change his name from Holbrook to Holbrooke and he subsequently adopted the variant Josef Holbrooke which he continued to use inconsistently throughout the remainder of his life. Responding to an advertisement in Musical News, Holbrooke travelled to Horncastle in Lincolnshire where he lived with.
He was soon travelling again, conducting a touring pantomime during the 1899-1900 Christmas season, once more, the enterprise collapsed and Holbrooke was left stranded and virtually destitute, at which point Bengough sent him money to enable him to return to London. Whilst on tour, Holbrooke had sent the score of his orchestral poem The Raven to August Manns, Manns accepted the work for performance and gave the premiere on 3 March 1900, whilst that same year the orchestral variations on Three Blind Mice were heard. He accepted the position, living with the Bantocks whilst teaching at the institution, during this period Holbrooke won a further prize, this time with his Fantasie Quartet, Op. 17b entered for the 1905 chamber music competition initiated by Walter Willson Cobbett. In 1907 Holbrooke was approached by the poet Herbert Trench who wished the composer to set his poem on immortality Apollo. This Holbrooke duly did, although only the section of the poem is actually sung. The staging included another technological wonder, in work, in order to get convincing flights of wild fowl, films were made in the Outer Hebrides.
This, of course, was in the days of the silent film, when there was no means of deadening the whirr or hum of the projector and the films themselves resolved into a series of flicks. The scoring, was enough to cover the sounds. The theatre, was not ready for such an innovation, until his death in 1946, Scott-Ellis effectively acted as patron to Holbrooke, subsidising performances and publication of many of his works. Throughout this period, Holbrooke enjoyed a career as a virtuoso concert pianist