Hank Williams Jr.
Randall Hank Williams, known professionally as Hank Williams Jr. is an American singer and musician. His musical style is considered a blend of Southern rock, blues. He is the son of country music singer Hank Williams and the father of Hank Williams III, Holly Williams, Hilary Williams, Samuel Williams. Williams began his career by following in his fathers footsteps, singing his fathers songs. Williams own style evolved as he struggled to find his own voice and place within the country music industry. This trend was interrupted by a fall off the side of Ajax Peak in Montana on August 8,1975. After an extended recovery, he challenged the country music establishment with a blend of country, Williams enjoyed much success in the 1980s, from which he earned considerable recognition and popularity both inside and outside the country music industry. As a multi-instrumentalist, Williams repertoire of skills include guitar, bass guitar, upright bass, steel guitar, dobro, keyboards, harmonica and drums.
From 1989 until October 2011, a version of his song All My Rowdy Friends Are Coming Over Tonight was used as the opening for broadcasts of Monday Night Football, Williams was born on May 26,1949 in Shreveport, Louisiana. After his fathers death in 1953, he was raised by his mother, while he was a child, a number of contemporary musicians visited his family, who influenced and taught him various music instruments and styles. Among these figures of influence were Johnny Cash, Fats Domino, Earl Scruggs, Lightnin Hopkins, Williams first stepped on the stage and sang his fathers songs when he was eight years old. In 1964, he made his debut with Long Gone Lonesome Blues. Williams provided the voice of his father in the 1964 film Your Cheatin Heart. He recorded an album of duets with recordings of his father, by the mid-1970s Williams began to pursue a musical direction that would eventually make him a superstar. While recording a series of successful songs, Williams began a heavy pattern of both drug and alcohol abuse.
Hank Williams Jr. and Friends, often considered his watershed album was the product of these then-groundbreaking collaborations, in 1977 Williams recorded and released One Night Stands and The New South, and worked closely with his old friend Waylon Jennings on the song Once and For All. On August 8,1975 Williams was nearly killed in a mountain-climbing accident, while he was climbing Ajax Peak in Montana, the snow beneath him collapsed and he fell almost 500 feet onto rock. He suffered multiple skull and facial fractures, the incident was chronicled in the semi-autobiographical, made-for-television film Living Proof, The Hank Williams Jr. Story
There are many types of harmonica, including diatonic, tremolo, octave and bass versions. A harmonica is played by using the mouth to direct air into or out of one or more holes along a mouthpiece, behind each hole is a chamber containing at least one reed. A harmonica reed is a flat elongated spring typically made of brass, stainless steel, or bronze, when the free end is made to vibrate by the players air, it alternately blocks and unblocks the airway to produce sound. Reeds are pre-tuned to individual pitches, tuning may involve changing a reeds length, the weight near its free end, or the stiffness near its fixed end. Longer and springier reeds produce deeper, lower sounds, an important technique in performance is bending, causing a drop in pitch by making embouchure adjustments. Such two-reed pitch changes actually involve sound production by the normally silent reed, the basic parts of the harmonica are the comb, reed plates and cover plates. The comb is the body of the instrument, which.
The term comb may originate from the similarity between this part of a harmonica and a hair comb, Harmonica combs were traditionally made from wood but now are made from plastic or metal. Some modern and experimental designs are complex in the way that they direct the air. There is dispute among players about whether comb material affects the tone of a harmonica, among those saying yes are those who are convinced by their ears. Few dispute, that comb surface smoothness and air-tightness when mated with the reedplates can greatly affect tone, the main advantage of a particular comb material over another one is its durability. In particular, a comb can absorb moisture from the players breath. This can cause the comb to expand slightly, making the instrument uncomfortable to play, various types of wood and treatments have been devised to reduce the degree of this problem. Much effort is devoted by serious players to restoring wood combs, some players used to soak wooden-combed harmonicas in water to cause a slight expansion, which they intended to make the seal between the comb, reed plates and covers more airtight.
Modern wooden-combed harmonicas are less prone to swelling and contracting, players still dip harmonicas in water for the way it affects tone and ease of bending notes. The reed plate is a grouping of several reeds in a single housing, the reeds are usually made of brass, but steel and plastic are occasionally used. Individual reeds are usually riveted to the plate, but they may be welded or screwed in place. Reeds fixed on the side of the reed plate respond to blowing
Lovesick Blues is a show tune written by Cliff Friend and Irving Mills. The song first appeared in the 1922 musical Oh, Ernest and it was recorded by Emmett Miller in 1928 and by country music singer Rex Griffin. The recordings by Griffin and Miller inspired Hank Williams to perform the song during his first appearances on the Louisiana Hayride in 1948, receiving an enthusiastic reception from the audience, Williams decided to record his own version despite initial push back from his producer Fred Rose and his band. MGM Records released Lovesick Blues in February 1949, and it became a success, quickly reaching number one on Billboards Top C&W singles. The publication named it the top country and western record of the year, several cover versions of the song have been recorded. The most popular, Frank Ifields 1962 version, topped the UK Singles Chart, in 2004, Williams version was added to the National Recording Registry. Lovesick Blues was originally entitled Ive Got the Lovesick Blues and published by Jack Mills, Inc.
in 1922, Irving Mills authored the lyrics and it was first performed by Anna Chandler in the Tin Pan Alley musical Oh. Ernest and first recorded by Elsie Clark on March 21,1922 with Okeh Records, following the recording and Friend copyrighted the song on April 3,1922. It was featured in a show at the Boardwalk Club in New York City in June 1922, on September 1,1925, OKeh Records sent scout Ralph Peer and a recording crew to Asheville, North Carolina. Among the aspiring artists recorded by Peer was Emmett Miller, accompanied by Walter Rothrock on the piano, Miller cut four sides for the label, including Lovesick Blues. The single was paired with Big Bad Bill and released in November 1925, on June 12,1928 accompanied by the Georgia Crackers, Miller re-recorded the song, which was subsequently released to weak sales. Millers version was covered by country music singer Rex Griffin in December 1939 on Decca Records. Griffin rearranged the song by using the original chorus - I got a called the blues—as a verse and turning the verse Im in love, Im in love.
Hank Williams, who heard both the Miller and Griffin versions, started performing the song on the Louisiana Hayride shortly after joining in August 1948. Horace Logan, the producer and programming director for KWKH. In light of the audiences strong positive reaction, Williams decided to record the song. His decision was questioned by his musicians and his producer, Fred Rose, for this recording, Williams replaced the jazz musicians with a modern country music band, using a rhythm guitar, string bass, drums and a steel guitar. Williams session band was composed of Clyde Baum, Zeke Turner, Jerry Byrd, Louis Innis, Tommy Jackson, with little time left and Turner replicated the musical arrangement they previously used on an Ernest Tubb session for a cover of Jimmie Rodgers Waiting for a Train
Album, is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century, first as books of individual 78rpm records, vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st century album sales have mostly focused on compact disc and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used from the late 1970s through to the 1990s alongside vinyl, an album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. Recording may take a few hours to years to complete, usually in several takes with different parts recorded separately. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed live, the majority of studio recordings contain an abundance of editing, sound effects, voice adjustments, etc. With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, and sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, the term album was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format.
In musical usage the word was used for collections of pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, the LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. It was adopted by the industry as a standard format for the album. Apart from relatively minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, the term album had been carried forward from the early nineteenth century when it had been used for collections of short pieces of music. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, as part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some commenters have declared that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as mini-albums or EPs, Albums such as Tubular Bells, Hergest Ridge by Mike Oldfield, and Yess Close to the Edge, include fewer than four tracks.
There are no rules against artists such as Pinhead Gunpowder referring to their own releases under thirty minutes as albums. These are known as box sets, material is stored on an album in sections termed tracks, normally 11 or 12 tracks. A music track is a song or instrumental recording. The term is associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks. When vinyl records were the medium for audio recordings a track could be identified visually from the grooves
The bass guitar is a stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers or thumb, by plucking, popping, tapping, thumping, or picking with a plectrum, often known as a pick. The bass guitar is similar in appearance and construction to a guitar, but with a longer neck and scale length. The four-string bass, by far the most common, is tuned the same as the double bass. The bass guitar is an instrument, as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds to avoid excessive ledger lines. Like the electric guitar, the guitar has pickups and it is plugged into an amplifier and speaker on stage, or into a larger PA system using a DI unit. Since the 1960s, the guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music as the bass instrument in the rhythm section. While types of basslines vary widely from one style of music to another, many styles of music utilise the bass guitar, including rock, heavy metal, punk rock, reggae, blues, symphonic rock, and jazz. It is often a solo instrument in jazz, jazz fusion, funk, progressive rock and other rock, the adoption of a guitar form made the instrument easier to hold and transport than any of the existing stringed bass instruments.
The addition of frets enabled bassists to play in more easily than on acoustic or electric upright basses. Around 100 of these instruments were made during this period, around 1947, Tutmarcs son, began marketing a similar bass under the Serenader brand name, prominently advertised in the nationally distributed L. D. Heater Music Company wholesale jobber catalogue of 1948, the Tutmarc family inventions did not achieve market success. In the 1950s, Leo Fender, with the help of his employee George Fullerton and his Fender Precision Bass, which began production in October 1951, became a widely copied industry standard. This split pickup, introduced in 1957, appears to have been two mandolin pickups, the pole pieces and leads of the coils were reversed with respect to each other, producing a humbucking effect. Humbucking is a design that electrically cancels the effect of any AC hum, the Fender Bass was a revolutionary new instrument, which could be easily transported, and which was less prone to feedback when amplified than acoustic bass instruments.
Monk Montgomery was the first bass player to tour with the Fender bass guitar, roy Johnson, and Shifty Henry with Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five, were other early Fender bass pioneers. Bill Black, playing with Elvis Presley, switched from bass to the Fender Precision Bass around 1957. The bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, following Fenders lead, in 1953, Gibson released the first short scale violin-shaped electric bass with extendable end pin, allowing it to be played upright or horizontally. In 1959 these were followed by the more conventional-looking EB-0 Bass, the EB-0 was very similar to a Gibson SG in appearance
A drum kit consists of a mix of drums and idiophones most significantly cymbals but including the woodblock and cowbell. In the 2000s, some include electronic instruments and both hybrid and entirely electronic kits are used. If some or all of them are replaced by electronic drums, the drum kit is usually played while seated on a drum stool or throne. The drum kit differs from instruments that can be used to produce pitched melodies or chords, even though drums are often placed musically alongside others that do, such as the piano or guitar. The drum kit is part of the rhythm section used in many types of popular and traditional music styles ranging from rock and pop to blues. Other standard instruments used in the section include the electric bass, electric guitar. Many drummers extend their kits from this pattern, adding more drums, more cymbals. Some performers, such as some rockabilly drummers, use small kits that omit elements from the basic setup, some drum kit players may have other roles in the band, such as providing backup vocals, or less commonly, lead vocals.
Thus, in an early 1800s orchestra piece, if the called for bass drum and cymbals. In the 1840s, percussionists began to experiment with foot pedals as a way to them to play more than one instrument. In the 1860s, percussionists started combining multiple drums into a set, the bass drum, snare drum and other percussion instruments were all played using hand-held drum sticks. Double-drumming was developed to one person to play the bass and snare with sticks. With this approach, the drum was usually played on beats one. This resulted in a swing and dance feel. The drum set was referred to as a trap set. By the 1870s, drummers were using an overhang pedal, most drummers in the 1870s preferred to do double drumming without any pedal to play multiple drums, rather than use an overhang pedal. Companies patented their pedal systems such as Dee Dee Chandler of New Orleans 1904–05, liberating the hands for the first time, this evolution saw the bass drum played with the foot of a standing percussionist.
The bass drum became the central piece around which every other percussion instrument would revolve and it was the golden age of drum building for many famous drum companies, with Ludwig introducing
The baritone guitar is a guitar with a longer scale length, typically a larger body, and heavier internal bracing, so it can be tuned to a lower pitch. Tacoma, Santa Cruz, Martin, Alvarez Guitars and others have made acoustic baritone guitars, the baritone guitar first appeared in classical music. More recently, the guitar has appeared in rock, metal. With appropriate strings, some baritone guitars can play in the guitar range. Tic-tac bass is a method of playing, in which a muted baritone guitar doubles the part played by the guitar or double bass. The method is used in country music. A standard guitars standard tuning is E A D G B E, while no standard tuning has been established for baritone guitars, popular tunings for the instrument are, a perfect fifth, a diminished fifth, a perfect fourth, or a major third lower. The most common scale lengths on an electric baritone range from 25.5 to 28.7, With the latter more commonly being tuned lower than a common six-string. The average baritone scale on the market would be around the length of 27, with a tuning set to a perfect fourth.
On a standard, steel-string, acoustic guitar, the length is typically 24.9 to 25.7. The scale lengths of various baritone designs range from 27 to 30.5, shorter-scale baritone guitars are more like long-scale guitars, having more midrange volume, whereas the longer scale lengths and heavier string sets give more bass to the instruments timbre. Shorter scale baritones tend to be tuned C-C or B-B, whereas longer ones are typically tuned A-A, the instrument was used almost exclusively on his best-selling 1960 album The Twangs the Thang and appears regularly on singles and albums throughout his career. The twangy sound of his guitars augmented the even deeper twangy sound made by the Danelectro baritone, eddy used the familiar black model and an unusual gray Longhorn model. Brian Wilson often included baritone guitars in his arrangements for The Beach Boys records, such as in Dance, Dance or Caroline, singer Jimmie Rodgers favored the baritone guitar, which can be heard in the opening bars of his recording of Woman from Liberia.
Baritone guitars became popular in metal music during the late 1980s, as it became increasingly popular to employ lower guitar tunings. Early examples include Carcass and Bolt Thrower, Pat OBrien of the band Cannibal Corpse has a baritone guitar to allow him to use the tuning G# without experiencing tuning problems because of his use of a Floyd Rose tremolo. Dylan Carlson of drone metal band Earth played a guitar on Hex. Machine Head uses baritone guitars tuned to drop B and C# standard, robb Flynn and guitarist from the band, has a signature Epiphone Baritone Flying V model called Love Death
Hank Williams discography
Hank Williams discography is composed of thirty-one singles released during his six-year career, as well as posthumous work including, compilation albums and previously unreleased material. During his lifetime, Williams placed thirty songs on Billboards Top C&W Records, after being signed with the help of Fred Rose to Sterling Records, Williams assisted his debut recording session on December 11,1946 at Castle Recording Companys studio D in Nashville, Tennessee. The singer cut four songs, returning on February 13,1947 to cut four new sides and his first single, Never Again backed with Calling You was released in January 1947. Not satisfied with Sterling, and upon learning of the creation of MGM Records by the Loews Corporation, Rose bought the Sterling masters, became Williams manager and signed him to the label, agreeing to record all of his sessions in Nashville. By June 1947, Williams debuted on the MGM label with Move it On Over backed with I Heard You Crying in Your Sleep, the release quickly became a hit.
On September 23,1952, Williams cut his final session, recording Your Cheatin Heart, Kaw-Liga, I Could Never Be Ashamed of You and Take These Chains from My Heart. Williams last single during his lifetime, Ill Never Get Out of This World Alive backed with I Could Never Be Ashamed of You was released on November 21,1952. From 1947 to 1952, MGM Records released twenty-seven singles by Williams, Kaw-Liga, Your Cheatin Heart and Take These Chains From My Heart became posthumous number-one singles. Hank Williams, Country Musics Tragic King, family Tradition - Three Generations of Hank Williams. Country, The Twisted Roots of Rock n Roll, Hank Williams — A Comprehensive Discography
Steel guitar is a type of guitar or the method of playing the instrument. The term steel guitar is often used to describe any metal body resophonic guitar. Steel guitar can describe, The slide technique of playing guitar is generally by using a steel bar. Dobro is a name of one of the leading manufacturers of resonator guitars. A specialized instrument built for playing in steel guitar fashion and these are of several types, Lap steel guitar, which may be, Lap slide guitar, with a conventional wooden guitar box. The square-necked variety of resonator guitar, the technique was invented and popularized in Hawaii. Thus, the lap steel guitar is known as the Hawaiian guitar, particularly in documents from the early 20th century. Steel guitar tunings tend to feature close intervals whereas slack key tunings more often contain 4ths and 5ths, dobro is a brand of resonator guitars, but the word is most often used to describe bluegrass instruments of several different brands. Bottleneck guitar may have developed from Steel guitar technique.
The slide is almost never slanted, common bottleneck tunings are open D and E chords. A steel guitar is one designed to be played in steel-guitar fashion, these have been of many types, but two dominate, Resonator guitars, particularly the square-necked variety which can be played only in steel guitar fashion. Electric instruments, starting with electric lap steel guitars and developing through the steel guitar to the pedal steel guitar. The lap steel guitar typically has 6 strings and may have various tunings, originally the standard EBGDAE tuning was changed to allow open i. e. major chord tunings to accommodate using the straight steel bar and not require changing string gauges. Hawaiian tunings evolved from A Major and E Major to E7, C sharp Minor, C sharp Minor 9th, F sharp Minor 9th, B11th and the popular E 13th. Jerry Byrd is credibly the originator of the C6+A7 tuning ECAGEC sharp which allows a wider ranging of chording for Hawaiian and it differs from a conventional or Spanish guitar in having a higher action and often a neck that is square in cross section.
The frets, unused in steel style playing, may be replaced by markers, there are three main types, Lap slide guitars, which are acoustic instruments but may have electric pickups for amplification in addition. Resonator guitars, which are acoustic instruments but may have pickups for amplification in addition. Electric lap steel guitars, which are solid body
Country music is a genre of United States popular music that originated in the southern United States in the 1920s. It takes its roots from the genre of United States, such as folk music. Blues modes have been used throughout its recorded history. The term country music is used today to many styles and subgenres. In 2009 country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, immigrants to the Southern Appalachian Mountains of North America brought the music and instruments of Europe and Africa along with them for nearly 300 years. Country music was introduced to the world as a Southern phenomenon, Tennessee, has been formally recognized by the U. S. Congress as the Birthplace of Country Music, based on the historic Bristol recording sessions of 1927. Since 2014, the city has been home to the Birthplace of Country Music Museum, historians have noted the influence of the less-known Johnson City sessions of 1928 and 1929, and the Knoxville sessions of 1929 and 1930.
Prior to these, pioneer settlers, in the Great Smoky Mountains region, had developed a musical heritage. The first generation emerged in the early 1920s, with Atlantas music scene playing a role in launching countrys earliest recording artists. Okeh Records began issuing hillbilly music records by Fiddlin John Carson as early as 1923, followed by Columbia Records in 1924, many hillbilly musicians, such as Cliff Carlisle, recorded blues songs throughout the 1920s. The most important was the Grand Ole Opry, aired starting in 1925 by WSM in Nashville, during the 1930s and 1940s, cowboy songs, or Western music, which had been recorded since the 1920s, were popularized by films made in Hollywood. Bob Wills was another musician from the Lower Great Plains who had become very popular as the leader of a hot string band. His mix of country and jazz, which started out as dance hall music, Wills was one of the first country musicians known to have added an electric guitar to his band, in 1938. Country musicians began recording boogie in 1939, shortly after it had played at Carnegie Hall.
Gospel music remained a component of country music. It became known as honky tonk, and had its roots in Western swing and the music of Mexico. By the early 1950s a blend of Western swing, country boogie, rockabilly was most popular with country fans in the 1950s, and 1956 could be called the year of rockabilly in country music. Beginning in the mid-1950s, and reaching its peak during the early 1960s, the late 1960s in American music produced a unique blend as a result of traditionalist backlash within separate genres
I Saw the Light (Hank Williams song)
I Saw the Light is a country gospel song written by Hank Williams. Williams was inspired to write the song while returning from a concert by a remark his mother made while they were arriving in Montgomery and he recorded the song during his first session for MGM Records, and released in September 1948. The song is set to the tune of the traditional Scottish folk tune Bonnie Charlie, the song became the shows closing song for Williams and one of his most popular tunes. Williams version did not enjoy success during its initial release. The song was covered by other acts and with time became a country gospel standard. In September 1946, Hank Williams auditioned for Nashvilles Grand Ole Opry but was rejected, after the failure of his audition and his wife Audrey tried to interest the recently formed music publishing firm Acuff-Rose Music. Williams and his wife approached Fred Rose, who signed him to a six song contract, in December 1946, Williams had his first recording session. The songs Never Again and Honky Tonkin became successful, and earned Williams the attention of MGM Records and his first MGM session took place on April 21,1947.
The first song he recorded was Move It on Over, the second was I Saw the Light. Williams was inspired to write the song in January 1947 while returning from a show in Fort Deposit and his mother, drove him and the band back to Montgomery that night. As she was approaching the city, she spotted the lights of Dannelly Field Airport, who slept inebriated in the backseat of the car, was roused by his mother, who told him I just saw the light, announcing him that they were close to Montgomery. He wrote the first draft on January 26,1947, the lyrics and the melody by Williams closely resembled Albert E. Brumleys He Set Me Free, published in 1939 and released in March 1941 by The Chuck Wagon Gang. Biblical citations were used, including the Gospels of Matthew and John, as well as excerpts from the First Epistle to the Thessalonians and it was the prayer of the backslider, who lives in hope of redemption. Williams recorded the song during his first session with MGM Records on April 21,1947, the band was composed by part of Red Foleys backing, including Zeke and Zeb Turner, Brownie Raynolds, Tommy Jackson and Smokey Lohman.
Williams had recorded a version of the song on a session with his wife. On the accompanying letter, he discouraged the producer to issue the recording, while the release of Williams recording was held, the first issued version was by Clyde Grubb, who recorded it on August 13,1947. Grubbs version was released by RCA Records in October 1947 with When God on the flipside, Williams version was released in September 1948, while it was copyrighted on November 16. It was backed with Six More Miles and issued on MGM Records, Boys Life favored the record, Its a typical Hank Williams lament, which you western and hillbilly fans will eat up