A hardcover or hardback book is one bound with rigid protective covers. It has a sewn spine which allows the book to lie flat on a surface when opened. Following the ISBN sequence numbers, books of this type may be identified by the abbreviation Hbk. Hardcover books are printed on acid-free paper, they are much more durable than paperbacks, which have flexible damaged paper covers. Hardcover books are marginally more costly to manufacture. Hardcovers are protected by artistic dust jackets, but a "jacketless" alternative is becoming popular: these "paper-over-board" or "jacketless hardcover" bindings forgo the dust jacket in favor of printing the cover design directly onto the board binding. If brisk sales are anticipated, a hardcover edition of a book is released first, followed by a "trade" paperback edition the next year; some publishers publish paperback originals. For popular books these sales cycles may be extended, followed by a mass market paperback edition typeset in a more compact size and printed on shallower, less hardy paper.
This is intended to, in part, prolong the life of the immediate buying boom that occurs for some best sellers: After the attention to the book has subsided, a lower-cost version in the paperback, is released to sell further copies. In the past the release of a paperback edition was one year after the hardback, but by the early twenty-first century paperbacks were released six months after the hardback by some publishers, it is unusual for a book, first published in paperback to be followed by a hardback. An example is the novel The Judgment of Paris by Gore Vidal, which had its revised edition of 1961 first published in paperback, in hardcover. Hardcover books are sold at higher prices than comparable paperbacks. Books for the general public are printed in hardback only for authors who are expected to be successful, or as a precursor to the paperback to predict sale levels. Hardcovers consist of a page block, two boards, a cloth or heavy paper covering; the pages are sewn together and glued onto a flexible spine between the boards, it too is covered by the cloth.
A paper wrapper, or dust jacket, is put over the binding, folding over each horizontal end of the boards. Dust jackets serve to protect the underlying cover from wear. On the folded part, or flap, over the front cover is a blurb, or a summary of the book; the back flap is. Reviews are placed on the back of the jacket. Many modern bestselling hardcover books use a partial cloth cover, with cloth covered board on the spine only, only boards covering the rest of the book. Bookbinding Paperback
Julia Glass is an American novelist. Her debut novel, Three Junes, won the National Book Award for Fiction in 2002. Glass followed Three Junes with a second novel, The Whole World Over, in 2006, set in the same Bank Street–Greenwich Village universe, with three interwoven stories featuring several characters from Three Junes, her third novel, I See You Everywhere, was published in 2008. Glass was born in Boston, grew up in Belmont and Lincoln, attended Concord Academy, she graduated from Yale in 1978. Intending to become a painter, she moved to New York City, where she lived for many years, painting in a small studio in Brooklyn and supporting herself as a freelance editor and copy editor, including several years in the copy department of Cosmopolitan magazine, she lives in Marblehead, with her partner, the photographer Dennis Cowley, their two children, works as a freelance journalist and editor. She is a previous winner of the William Faulkner - William Wisdom Creative Writing Competition. National Book Award acceptance speech by Glass Author's Random House page Interview with Julia Glass on The Writing Life Interview with Julia Glass on The Widower's Tale
A debut novel is the first novel a novelist publishes. Debut novels are the author's first opportunity to make an impact on the publishing industry, thus the success or failure of a debut novel can affect the ability of the author to publish in the future. First-time novelists without a previous published reputation, such as publication in nonfiction, magazines, or literary journals struggle to find a publisher. Sometimes new novelists will self-publish their debut novels, because publishing houses will not risk the capital needed to market books by an unknown author to the public. Most publishers purchase rights to novels debut novels, through literary agents, who screen client work before sending it to publishers; these hurdles to publishing reflect both publishers' limits in resources for reviewing and publishing unknown works, that readers buy more books by established authors with a reputation than first-time writers. For this reason, literary communities have created awards that help acknowledge exceptional debut novels.
In contemporary British and American publishing markets, most authors receive only a small monetary advance before publication of their debut novel. For an example of an unusually high advance: in 2013, the anticipated City on Fire by Garth Risk Hallberg captured the attention of ten publishers who started a bidding war that ended with Knopf buying the rights to the book for 2 million dollars; the book's film production rights were purchased soon after by producer Scott Rudin. For similar reasons that advances are not large—novels don't sell well until the author gains a literary reputation. There are exceptions, however; the novel saw huge sales because she had an established audience, publishers were willing to run a large print run. By comparison, bestselling Fifty Shades of Grey sold 14,814 copies in its first week, or popular novels, like Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, only receive small initial print runs. Debut novels that do well will be reprinted as sales increase due to word of mouth popularity of the novels — publishers don't run large marketing campaigns for debut novelists.
There are numerous literary prizes for debut novels associated with genre or nationality. These prizes are in recognition of the difficulties faced by debut novelists and bring attention to deserving works and authors; some of the more prestigious awards around the world include the American Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award, the French Prix Goncourt du Premier Roman, the British Guardian First Book Award, the German Aspekte-Literaturpreis and the Japanese Noma Literary Prize. The New York Times commentator Leslie Jamison described the big, very public, "to do" about debut novels and novelists created by these book awards, as associated with the excitement of finding authors and writers without established legacies. In the same piece for the Times, Ayana Mathis describes the debut novel as a "a piece of the writer’s soul in a way that subsequent books can’t be", because the novel is a work of passion and a product of all of their life before that moment. An author's first novel will not be as complex stylistically or thematically as subsequent works and will not feature the author's typical literary characteristics.
Huffington Post's Dave Astor attributes these to two forces: first that authors are still learning their own unique style and audiences are more willing to read works from unknown authors if they resemble more conventional styles of literature. As examples, Astor points to J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit, Margaret Atwood's The Edible Woman and Charles Dickens' The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, all of which lack the complexity or stylistic characteristics which audiences praise in the authors' work. Sometimes, instead of writing novels to begin their career, some authors will start with short stories, which can be easier to publish and allow authors to get started in writing fiction. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the earliest attested usage of "first novel" is from 1876. However, the term is much older, with instances going back to at least 1800; the Oxford English Dictionary doesn't have an entry for "debut novel." The earliest usage of "debut novel" in the Google Books database is 1930.
The Google Books Ngram Viewer shows it becoming more used after about 1980, gaining in popularity since
The Round House (novel)
The Round House is a novel by American writer Louise Erdrich, first published in 2012. It is her 14th novel; some critics considered it a thematic sequel to Erdrich's 2008 novel The Plague of Doves due to its themes of revenge. Like most of Erdrich's other works, it is set on an unnamed Indian reservation in North Dakota, it won the National Book Award for Fiction in 2012. In North Dakota in the spring of 1988, 13 year-old Ojibwe Joe Coutts, the only son of aging parents, learns that his mother, has been brutally raped. At the hospital his father Bazil, a tribal judge on the reservation enlists the county and tribal police to take statements from his wife. Geraldine was raped near the round house, a spiritual place on reservation land, surrounded by land under multiple jurisdictions. Joe and his friends go to the round house to try to find evidence. On this mission Joe locates an empty gas can, tossed into the lake at the bottom of the hill. Geraldine falls into a deep depression after the rape.
Bazil confides in Joe that he believes the rape might have had something to do with a case he once presided over. Among other cases, he shows Joe the case of Linda Wishkob, a white woman, abandoned by her family because of her birth defects. Linda was subsequently lived with them on reservation land. Joe can not make a connection between his mother's rape, he learns that Linda's birth mother re-established contact with her in order to procure her kidney for Linda's twin brother, Linden Lark. He grew up to be a violent racist drunk; as Geraldine sinks further into depression, Joe begins to spend more time with his uncle Whitey and his aunt Sonja, a former stripper, for whom Joe lusts. Sonja treats him as an adopted son, the two grow close. One day Joe is out looking in the water, notices a doll. Picking it up, he removes the head and discovers forty thousand dollars in cash stuffed inside the doll, he takes the money to Sonja. She advises him to deposit the money in several banks, making him promise to use it for his education.
But soon, Sonja begins to draw from the accounts to buy. Geraldine begins to talk about her rape after learning that a man is trying to adopt an orphaned Native American baby of unknown provenance, she reveals that a woman named Mayla Wolfskin contacted her the day she was raped, saying that she was being pursued. Mayla asked to meet at the round house. Lark told Geraldine that he would murder both Mayla and the baby if she told anyone about the attack or attempted to save herself. Geraldine was able to run away from him, she has suffered guilt for what might have happened to Mayla. Based on the details Geraldine shares, Joe realizes. Based on Geraldine's testimony in court, Lark is arrested. For a time the Couttses work toward restoring their lives, but Joe accidentally comes across Sonja giving a birthday present to his grandfather, Mooshum, in the form of a lap dance. Joe confronts her, Sonja rebukes him for being another man interested only in her body, she takes most of the money from the doll with her.
Shortly after this, Lark is freed from jail. Geraldine tries to stay strong; the tribe identifies Lark as a Wendigo, whose existence threatens the tribe, believe he must be neutralized. When Bazil sees him at the grocery store, he and Joe attack Lark. In the commotion, Bazil suffers a heart attack. While Bazil recovers in a hospital in Fargo, North Dakota and family of the Couttses find Lark and beat him as a warning. Lark tells Whitey that he knows where Sonja will get her money. Geraldine learns that Lark is unlikely to be stopped, she tells Joe that she will protect the family. Joe resolves to murder Linden himself, knowing that if caught, he will be punished as a juvenile offender. Joe tells his best friend Cappy of his plan, Cappy supports him. Cappy plans to get a gun. Joe plans to murder Lark. After waiting for days for Lark to appear, Joe sees him and shoots him twice, wounding him. Cappy appears at the golf course and fatally shoots Lark. Though Joe's parents, uncle Whitey, Linda all suspect that Joe killed Linden, they are careful not to ask the youth too many questions.
They work to protect him from the police. Cappy receives a letter from the parents of Zellia, his Mexican/American girlfriend in Montana, asking him not to contact her anymore. Cappy steals a car, he and Joe go to see Zelia, they get into a car accident in which Cappy is killed, Joe's parents come to take him back home. Antone Coutts Antone Coutts Geraldine Coutts Cappy Uncle Whitey Sonja Mayla Wolfskin Linden Lark Linda Lark Wishkob Grandma Ignatia Mooshum Clemence Uncle Edward Father Travis Randall Angus The novel was positively reviewed. In 2015 it was included in The Oyster Review's list of "100 Best Books of the Decade So Far"; the New York Times review can be found here. 2012 National Book Award for Fiction 2013 Minnesota Book Awards for Novel & Short Story 2013 Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction Erdrich, Louise. The Round House. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-06-206524-7. |
In America (novel)
In America is a 1999 novel by Susan Sontag. It won the U. S. National Book Award for Fiction, it is based on the true story of Polish actress Helena Modjeska, her arrival in California in 1876, her ascendancy to American stardom. Sontag was accused of plagiarism by Ellen Lee, who discovered at least twelve passages in the 387-page book that were similar to passages in four other books about Modjeska, including My Mortal Enemy, a novel by Willa Cather; the quotations were presented without attribution. Sontag said about using the passages, "All of us who deal with real characters in history transcribe and adopt original sources in the original domain. I've used these sources and I've transformed them. I have these books. I've looked at these books. There's a larger argument to be made that all of literature is a series of references and allusions." In America has been praised by literary critics. Publishers Weekly wrote, "As she did in The Volcano Lover, Sontag crafts a novel of ideas in which real figures from the past enact their lives against an assiduously researched cinematically vivid background.
Here again her signal achievement is to offer fresh and insightful commentary on the social and cultural currents of an age, with a distinctive understanding of how historical events forged character and destiny." Sarah Kerr of The New York Times gave the book modest praise, writing, "Almost but not quite as lively as in The Volcano Lover, Sontag's prose here is lithe, playful: in spite of the listless plot, this book has flow. Indeed, In America reads so smoothly that one could accuse Sontag of placing too few demands on her readers. Stimulating ideas, as usual, lurk around every corner, but they tend to arrive pre-interpreted." She added, "Sentence by sentence, scene to scene, the writing in In America is utterly nimble. It's the ideas, that lag behind."John Sutherland of The Guardian was more critical, remarking, "Let's face it: if this was a first novel by a literary unknown it would have been lucky to make it into print. What makes In America an object of interest is less its page-turning readability than its significance as the latest move in Susan Sontag's brilliant career."
Jonathan Earl Franzen is an American novelist and essayist. His 2001 novel The Corrections, a sprawling, satirical family drama, drew widespread critical acclaim, earned Franzen a National Book Award, was a Pulitzer Prize for Fiction finalist, earned a James Tait Black Memorial Prize and was shortlisted for the International Dublin Literary Award, his novel Freedom garnered similar praise and led to an appearance on the cover of Time magazine alongside the headline "Great American Novelist". Franzen has contributed to The New Yorker magazine since 1994, his 1996 Harper's essay Perchance to Dream bemoaned the state of contemporary literature. Oprah Winfrey's book club selection in 2001 of The Corrections led to a much publicized feud with the talk show host. In recent years, Franzen has become recognized for his opinions on everything from social networking services such as Twitter to the impermanence of e-books and the self-destruction of America. Franzen was born in Western Springs, the son of Irene and Earl T. Franzen.
His father, raised in Minnesota, was the son of an immigrant from Sweden. Franzen grew up in Webster Groves, a suburb of St. Louis and graduated from Swarthmore College with a degree in German in 1981; as part of his undergraduate education, he studied abroad in Germany during the 1979-80 academic year with Wayne State University's Junior Year in Munich program. Here he met Michael A. Martone, on whom he would base the character Walter Berglund in Freedom, he studied on a Fulbright Scholarship at Freie Universität Berlin in Berlin in 1981-82. Franzen was married in 1982 and moved with his wife to Somerville, Massachusetts to pursue a career as a novelist. While writing his first novel, The Twenty-Seventh City, he worked as a research assistant at Harvard University's Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, coauthoring several dozen papers. In September 1987, a month after he and his wife moved to New York City, Franzen sold The Twenty-Seventh City to Farrar Straus & Giroux; the Twenty-Seventh City, published in 1988, is set in Franzen's hometown, St. Louis, deals with the city's fall from grace, St. Louis having been the "fourth city" in the 1870s.
This sprawling novel was warmly received and established Franzen as an author to watch. In a conversation with novelist Donald Antrim for Bomb Magazine, Franzen described The Twenty-Seventh City as "a conversation with the literary figures of my parents' generation the great sixties and seventies Postmoderns.", adding in a interview "I was a skinny, scared kid trying to write a big novel. The mask I donned was that of a rhetorically airtight smart knowledgeable middle-aged writer."Strong Motion focuses on a dysfunctional family, the Hollands, uses seismic events on the American East Coast as a metaphor for the quakes that occur in family life. A'systems novel', the key'systems' of Strong Motion according to Franzen are "... the systems of science and religion—two violently opposing systems of making sense in the world." The novel was not a financial success at the time of its publication. Franzen subsequently defended the novel in his 2010 Paris Review interview, remarking "I think they may be overlooking Strong Motion a little bit."
Franzen's The Corrections, a novel of social criticism, garnered considerable critical acclaim in the United States, winning both the 2001 National Book Award for Fiction and the 2002 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction. The novel was a finalist for the 2001 National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction, the 2002 PEN/Faulkner Award, the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. In September 2001, The Corrections was selected for Oprah Winfrey's book club. Franzen participated in the selection, sitting down for a lengthy interview with Oprah and appearing in B-roll footage in his hometown of St. Louis. In October 2001, The Oregonian printed an article in which Franzen expressed unease with the selection. In an interview on National Public Radio's Fresh Air, he expressed his worry that the Oprah logo on the cover dissuaded men from reading the book: I had some hope of reaching a male audience and I've heard more than one reader in signing lines now at bookstores say "If I hadn't heard you, I would have been put off by the fact that it is an Oprah pick.
I figure those books are for women. I would never touch it." Those are male readers speaking. I see this as my book, my creation. Soon afterward, Franzen's invitation to appear on Oprah's show was rescinded. Winfrey announced, "Jonathan Franzen will not be on the Oprah Winfrey show because he is uncomfortable and conflicted about being chosen as a book club selection, it is never my intention to make anyone uncomfortable or cause anyone conflict. We have decided to skip the dinner and we're moving on to the next book."These events gained Franzen and his novel widespread media attention. The Corrections soon became one of the decade's best-selling works of literary fiction. At the National Book Award ceremony, Franzen said "I'd like to thank Oprah Winfrey for her enthusiasm