United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Collin County, Texas
Collin County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 782,341, making it the seventh-most populous county in Texas and the 63rd-largest county by population in the United States; the 2017 Census Bureau estimate for Collin County's population is 969,603. Its county seat is McKinney. Collin County is part of Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. A small portion of the city of Dallas is in the county. Both the county and the county seat were named after Collin McKinney, one of the five men who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest of the 59 men who signed it. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 886 square miles, of which 841 square miles is land and 45 square miles is covered by water. Lavon Lake Grayson County Fannin County Hunt County Rockwall County Dallas County Denton County As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 923,201, non-Hispanic whites 535,165.
Black Americans 84,858. Other non-Hispanic 146,109. Hispanics and Latinos 157,069; as of the census of 2010, there were 782,341 people. According to U. S. Census figures released in 2006, the racial makeup of the county was as follows: 77.21% White, 7.26% African American, 10.02% Asian, 0.45% Native American, 5.06% of other or mixed race. 12.8% Hispanic of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 491,675 people, 181,970 households, 132,292 families residing in the county; the population density was 580 people per square mile. There were 194,892 housing units at an average density of 230 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.39% White, 4.79% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.26% from other races, 2.11% from two or more races. 10.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 181,970 households out of which 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.30% were non-families.
22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18. As of the 2010 census, there were about 4.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 37.90% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $70,835, the median income for a family was $81,856. Males had a median income of $57,392 versus $36,604 for females; the per capita income for the county was $33,345. About 3.30% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over. Based on median household income, as of 2006, Collin County is the second richest county in Texas after Fort Bend, is considered one of the wealthiest counties in the United States.
However, Collin - like other Texas counties - has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, it was #21 for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing, it ranked in the Top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the Robin Hood plan school financing system in Texas. Collin County, like all counties in Texas, is governed by a Commissioners Court; the court consists of the county judge, elected county-wide, four commissioners who are elected by the voters in each of four precincts. Collin County is a Republican stronghold in congressional elections; the last Democrat to win the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. The factors caused Collin to swing hard to the Republican Party in the 1960s and 1970s: and the expansion of the Dallas suburbs into Collin County; the following school districts lie within Collin County: Allen Independent School District Anna Independent School District Farmersville Independent School District Lovejoy Independent School District McKinney Independent School District Melissa Independent School District Plano Independent School District Princeton Independent School District Wylie Independent School DistrictThe following districts lie within the county: Bland Independent School District Blue Ridge Independent School District Celina Independent School District Community Independent School District Frisco Independent School District Leonard Independent School District Prosper Independent School District Royse City Independent School District Trenton Independent School District Van Alstyne Independent School District Whitewright Independent School District Collin College opened its first campus on Highway 380 in McKinney in 1985.
The college has grown to seven campuses/locations—two in McKinney and two in Plano and as well as Frisco and Rockwall. Dallas Baptist University has an extension site in Frisco, DBU Frisco; the majority of the University of Texas at Dallas campus in Richardson, Texas lies within Collin County. Collin County Parks and Open Spaces Bratonia Park Myers Park Parkhill Prairie Sister Grove Park Trinity Tr
Haskell County, Texas
Haskell County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,899; the county seat is Haskell. The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1885, it is named for Charles Ready Haskell, killed in the Goliad massacre. Haskell County is the home county of former Texas Governor Rick Perry. Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has represented Haskell County in the Texas House of Representatives since January 2013. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 910 square miles, of which 903 square miles are land and 7.1 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 277 U. S. Highway 380 State Highway 6 State Highway 222 Knox County Throckmorton County Shackelford County Jones County Stonewall County Baylor County King County As of the census of 2000, 6,093 people, 2,569 households, 1,775 families resided in the county; the population density was 8 people per square mile. The 3,555 housing units averaged 4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 82.78% White, 2.79% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 11.67% from other races, 2.05% from two or more races. About 20% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 2,569 households, 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.90% were not families. About 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 18.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.86. In the county, the population distributed as 23.70% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 22.10% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, 25.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $23,690, for a family was $29,506.
Males had a median income of $23,542 versus $16,418 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,918. About 16.90% of families and 22.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.00% of those under age 18 and 15.40% of those age 65 or over. Haskell O'Brien Stamford Weinert Rochester Rule Irby Paint Creek Sagerton Jud Double Mountain Fork Brazos River Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Haskell County Haskell County government's website Haskell County from the Handbook of Texas Online Haskell County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Texas State Highway 222
State Highway 222 or SH 222 is a state highway in north-central Texas. It runs 59.725 miles between U. S. Highway 82/State Highway 114 and US 380. SH 222 was established in 1935 as a renumbering of SH 126; the route was designated by 1928 between Knox City and Munday as SH 126. On March 19, 1930, SH 126 was still designated. On August 27, 1935, SH 126, not on the State Highway List, was upgraded to a state highway, renumbered to SH 222. On September 26, 1939, SH 222 extended north to US 82, replacing SH 252; the section north of Munday was transferred to FM 267 on January 7, 1948. On September 25, 1973, an extension of SH 222 was signed, but not designated along FM 143, FM 1587, part of FM 266, part of FM 1720. On August 29, 1990, the extension of SH 222 was designated, replacing FM 143, FM 1587, part of FM 266, part of FM 1720. Media related to Texas State Highway 222 at Wikimedia Commons
Butterfield Overland Mail in Texas
In Texas, the Butterfield Overland Mail service created by Congress on March 3, 1857, operated until March 30, 1861. The route, operated extended from San Francisco, California to Los Angeles across the Colorado Desert to Fort Yuma across New Mexico Territory via and Mesilla, New Mexico to Franklin, midpoint on the route; the route through Texas followed first the northern route to the Pecos River and downstream to Horse Head Crossing. The route in West Texas was changed in 1859, in order to secure a better water supply on the route and to provide mail service to a more settled area, the stages between Franklin and the Pecos River followed the San Antonio-El Paso Road to Camp Stockton and turned east to Horsehead Crossing. From Horsehead Crossing the route crossed Texas into Indian Territory. In 1860 the route was changed to another route from Jacksboro to Sherman via Decatur due to the building of a new toll bridge at Bridgeport, that avoided delays crossing the West Fork of the Trinity River when it was flooded.
From Colberts Ferry the route went on to Fort Smith up across Arkansas and southwest Missouri to Tipton with the final leg by train to St. Louis; the Texas mail route was so long that the route there, like that in California, was divided into two divisions each under a superintendent. At first the 5th Division route left Franklin to run due east thirty miles to Hueco Tanks, thirty six miles to Cornudas de Los Alamos east northeast fifty-six miles to Pinery Station. Subsequently, stations were added between Hueco Tanks and Cornudas de Los Alamos at Ojos de los Alamos, at Crow Springs between Cornudas de Los Alamos and Pinery. From Pinery, the route ran twenty-four miles east to Delaware Springs Station forty miles down Delaware Creek nearly to its junction with the Pecos River, across Pope's Crossing to Pope's Camp, it ran sixty five miles down the east bank of the Pecos, to Emigrant Crossing Station and onward fifty-five miles to Horsehead Crossing. Sections of this route, including Pinery Station, are preserved as part of Guadalupe Mountains National Park, have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
From Horsehead Crossing the trail ran seventy waterless miles east northeast across the Llano Estacado to the headwaters of the Middle Concho River northward, about thirty miles through the vicinity of modern Carlsbad, to a camp or station. In August 1859, the route in West Texas was changed from the upper route in order to secure a better water supply on the route, with more security from the Army and to provide mail service to a more settled area, by using the San Antonio-El Paso Road from Franklin to Camp Stockton before cutting across to link up with the rest of the route at Horsehead Crossing; this entailed abandoning the investment in the well constructed stations on the old route, building some on the new route. Although this was mitigated when an arraignment was made to use the stations of George H. Giddings' San Antonio-El Paso Mail along that route. Losses from this change and debt taken on from a delay of postal revenue led the investors in the Overland Mail Company to take control and dismiss John Warren Butterfield in 1860.
The stages between Franklin and the Pecos River now would follow the San Antonio-El Paso Road down the Rio Grande, 14 miles from Franklin to Ysleta passing 121⁄4 miles through Socorro to San Elizario on 101⁄2 miles to Camp Hawkins Station, 24 1⁄2 miles to Birchville Station, 15 miles to Camp Rice Station 18 miles to Fort Quitman. Moving eastward away from the river at Fargo Station 51⁄2 miles below Fort Quitman, the route traveled 251⁄2 miles to Eagle Spring, 19 miles to Van Horns Wells a waterless 33 miles to Deadman's Hole, 18 miles to Barrel Springs, another 18 miles to Fort Davis. From Fort Davis Station the route proceeded down through Limpia Canyon to Limpia Station, Barrilla Springs 34 miles to Leon Springs and 81⁄2 miles on to Camp Stockton. 11 miles east of Camp Stockton the route reached Camp Pleasant crossed the plain 23 miles to Horsehead Crossing where a ferry carried the coaches across the Pecos River to Horsehead Crossing Station. The 6th Division route ran from Fort Chadbourne, twelve miles to the north across Valley Creek to Station #1 sixteen miles to Mountain Pass Station thirty miles, past the route of the Texas and Pacific Railway, a mile west of the site of present Tye, to Fort Phantom Hill twelve miles more to Smith's Station, twenty six miles to Clear Fork station, thirteen miles to Franz's Station and twenty-two miles to Fort Belknap.
From Fort Belknap the line turned eastward sixteen miles to Murphy's Station nineteen miles to Jacksboro, sixteen miles to Earhart's Station, twenty-four miles to Davidson's Station seventeen miles to Gainesville, fifteen miles to Diamond's station, fifteen miles to Sherman and across the Red River at Colbert's Ferry, eight miles below Preston, Texas to Indian Territory. Cottonwoods Station - Located, 25 miles from Fort Filmore on the Rio Grande in Texas. Franklin Station - Located in Franklin, Texas, 22 miles from Cottonwoods Station. - Midway point of the Overland Mail route and headquarters of the 5th Division. Hueco Tanks Station - Located 30 miles from Frankln. Ojos de los Alamos Station - A station, located 20 miles east of Hueco Tanks Station in New Mexico. Cornudas de Los Alamos Station - Located 36 miles from Hueco Tanks in New Mexico. Crow Springs Station - A relay station east of Cornudas Station midway to Pinery Station, only u
James W. Throckmorton
James Webb Throckmorton was an American politician who served as the 12th Governor of Texas from 1866 to 1867 during the early days of Reconstruction. He was a United States Congressman from Texas from 1875 to 1879 and again from 1883 to 1889. Following the outbreak of the Mexican–American War, he joined the 1st Texas Volunteers as a private in February 1847. A few months he was assigned as an assistant surgeon to the Texas Rangers, until receiving a medical discharge in June of that year. During the Texas secession convention in 1861, he was one of only eight delegates to vote against secession from the United States. Despite this, he served in the Confederate Army, first as a captain of Company K, 6th Texas Cavalry Regiment, he was promoted to Brigadier General by 1862. During late 1862 while stationed in North Texas, chaotic because of military and state militia abuses, he saved all but five men in Sherman, Texas from being lynched by militia as suspects in anti-conscription activities. Violent acts had spread in North Texas after the Great Hanging at Gainesville earlier in October 1862, when a total of 42 men were killed, most hanged.
Throckmorton defeated Elisha M. Pease in the Texas gubernatorial election of June 25, 1866, at the same time that the legislature approved a new constitution. During his term as governor, Throckmorton's lenient attitude toward former Confederates and his attitude toward civil rights conflicted with the Reconstruction politics of the Radical Republicans in Congress, he angered the local military commander, Major General Charles Griffin, who persuaded his superior, Philip H. Sheridan, to remove Throckmorton from office and replace him with Elisha M. Pease, an appointed Republican and Unionist; as the Radical Republicans influence began to wane in the mid-1870s, Throckmorton was elected to Congress representing Texas's 3rd Congressional District. He served the 5th District in the 1880s. Throckmorton died at age 69 from a fall. James Webb Throckmorton from the Handbook of Texas Online Genealogy of James Webb Throckmorton wikitree.com James Webb Throckmorton - McKinney’s Courthouse Statue by Tricia Haas
Throckmorton is a town in Throckmorton County, United States. The population was 828 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Throckmorton County. Throckmorton is located at 33°10′53″N 99°10′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.7 square miles, all of it land. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Throckmorton has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, 828 people, a decrease of 8.51% since 2000, lived in Throckmorton. The city had 477 housing units, with 116 of them vacant; the racial makeup of the town was 93.50% White, 0.12% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 4.11% from other races]], 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.27% of the population. As of the census of 2000, 905 people, 386 households, 265 families resided in the town; the population density was 539.4 people per square mile.
The 477 housing units averaged 284.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 90.50% White, 0.11% African American, 0.11% Native American, 7.29% from other races, 1.99% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 12.04% of the population. Of the 386 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were not families. About 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 16.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.87. In the town, the population was distributed as 25.4% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44 26.4% from 45 to 64, 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $29,453, for a family was $36,250.
Males had a median income of $22,778 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,400. About 11.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. The Town of Throckmorton is served by the Throckmorton Independent School District and home to the Throckmorton High School Greyhounds. Bob Lilly, a Pro Football Hall of Fame defensive tackle for the Dallas Cowboys, was born in Olney in 1939 and raised in Throckmorton; because of the 1950s drought, his family moved to Pendleton, where Lilly went to Pendleton High School for his senior year. He played college football at TCU in Fort Worth. Official website