Sant Antoni, Barcelona
Sant Antoni is a neighborhood in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Catalonia. Its non-official centre, the marketplace of the same name—designed by Antoni Rovira i Trias and built between 1872 and 1882—is one of the oldest and most popular in the city with the secondhand book stalls that surround the building Sunday mornings, it is bordered by the neighbourhoods of the L'Antiga Esquerra de l'Eixample, the Raval, Poble Sec. The streets of Sant Antoni follow the grid pattern prevalent in all of Eixample, except for a central thoroughfare, the Avinguda de Mistral, built on the site of an important medieval road which led out of Barcelona. Another well-known landmark of Sant Antoni is the bar called Els Tres Tombs, right next to the market. Although its origins are tied to the now-disappeared Church of Saint Anthony in the Raval, the development of the neighbourhood dates from the 1880s onwards, as Barcelona expanded beyond its former medieval walls. Few houses stood around the market when it was built, most buildings visible today in Sant Antoni date of the 1920s and 1930s, when major urban changes occurred in the city on the occasion of the 1929 International Exposition.
A working-class area during most of the 20th century, it has undergone important changes in the last decades. As with many other neighbourhoods in central Barcelona, some gentrification has taken place in Sant Antoni since the 1980s and prostitution has relocated since. Nowadays it is one of the quietest areas in the city centre, with 37,878 inhabitants in the 2005 census; as of 2009, the Mercat de Sant Antoni is being refurbished, a temporary market site along Ronda de Sant Antoni has been set in the middle of the road. In the meantime, this major road has become pedestrianised. Sant Ferran Preciossíssima Sang de Nostre Senyor Jesucrist Maria Auxiliadora i Sant Josep Evangelist Church of Sant Antoni Sant Antoni Kingdom Hall Barcelona Metro stations Sant Antoni and Poble Sec. City council website the Neighborhood association website Moritz Beer
The Vulgate is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible that became the Catholic Church's promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century. The translation was the work of Jerome, who in 382 had been commissioned by Pope Damasus I to revise the Vetus Latina Gospels in use by the Roman Church. Jerome, on his own initiative, extended this work of revision and translation to include most of the books of the Bible, once published, the new version was adopted and eclipsed the Vetus Latina; the Catholic Church affirmed the Vulgate as its official Latin Bible at the Council of Trent, though there was no authoritative edition at that time. The Clementine edition of the Vulgate of 1592 became the standard Bible text of the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church and remained so until 1979 when the Nova Vulgata was promulgated; the Vulgate has a compound text, not the work of Jerome. While Jerome revised all the Gospels of the Vetus Latina from the Greek, it is unknown who revised the rest of the New Testament.
Several unrevised books of the Vetus Latina Old Testament commonly became included in the Vulgate. Medieval Vulgate Bibles might further include the Prayer of Manasses, 4 Esdras, the Epistle to the Laodiceans and Psalm 151. Jerome himself translated all books of the Jewish Bible from Hebrew; the Vulgate's components include: Independent translation from the Hebrew by Jerome: the books of the Hebrew Bible, including a translation of the Psalms from the Hebrew, found in early medieval Vulgate manuscripts but is supplanted by Jerome's Gallican version in bibles. This was completed in 405. Free translation from a secondary Aramaic version by Jerome: Tobias and Judith. Translation from the Greek of Theodotion by Jerome: The three additions to the Book of Daniel; the Song of the Three Children was retained within the narrative of Daniel, Susanna was moved by Jerome from before the beginning of Daniel to the end of the book along with Bel and the Dragon. These additions he marked with an obelus to distinguish them from the canonical text.
Translation from the Common Septuagint by Jerome: the Additions to Esther. Jerome gathered all these additions together at the end of the Book of Esther, marking them with an obelus. Translation from the Hexaplar Septuagint by Jerome: his Gallican version of the Book of Psalms. Jerome's Hexaplaric revisions of other books of Old Testament continued to circulate in Italy for several centuries, but only Job and fragments of other books survive. Revision of the Old Latin by Jerome: the Gospels, corrected with reference to the best Greek manuscripts Jerome considered available. Revision of the Old Latin: the Roman Psalter including Psalm 151, undertaken prior to Jerome but continuing in liturgical use, included in many medieval Vulgate Old Testaments and liturgical psalters. Revision of the Old Latin by a person or persons unknown, contemporary with Jerome: Acts, Pauline epistles, Catholic epistles and the Apocalypse. Old Latin, wholly unrevised: Epistle to the Laodiceans, Prayer of Manasses, 4 Esdras, Ecclesiasticus, 1 and 2 Maccabees.
The Book of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah were excluded by Jerome as non-canonical, but sporadically re-admitted into the Vulgate tradition from the Additions to the Book of Jeremiah of the Old Latin from the 9th century onwards. Independent translation, distinct from the Old Latin, he had been commissioned by Damasus I in 382 to revise the Old Latin text of the four Gospels from the best Greek texts. By the time of Damasus' death in 384, Jerome had completed this task, together with a more cursory revision from the Greek Common Septuagint of the Old Latin text of the Psalms in the Roman Psalter, a version which he disowned and is now lost. How much of the rest of the New Testament he revised is difficult to judge today, but none of his work survived in the Vulgate text of these books; the revised text of the New Testament outside the Gospels is the work of one or more other scholars. This unknown reviser worked more than Jerome had done using older Greek manuscript sources of Alexandrian text-type, had published a complete revised New Testament text by 410 at the latest, when Pelagius quoted from it in his commentary on the letters of Paul.
In 385, Jerome was forced out of Rome and settled in Bethlehem. There he was able to use a surviving manuscript of the Hexapla from the nearby Theological Library of Caesarea Maritima, a column
Gothic Quarter, Barcelona
The Gothic Quarter is the centre of the old city of Barcelona. It stretches from La Rambla to Via Laietana, from the Mediterranean seafront to the Ronda de Sant Pere, it is a part of Ciutat Vella district. The quarter encompasses the oldest parts of the city of Barcelona, includes the remains of the city's Roman wall and several notable medieval landmarks. Much of the present-day fabric of the quarter, dates to the 19th and early 20th centuries. El Call, the medieval Jewish quarter, is located within this area, along with the former Sinagoga Major; the Barri Gòtic retains a labyrinthine street plan, with many small streets opening out into squares. Most of the quarter is closed to regular traffic although open to service taxis. Despite its name, a number of landmark Gothic buildings in the neighborhood do not date to the Middle Ages. Rather, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the quarter was transformed from a sombre neighborhood to a tourist attraction through a massive restoration project, timed to be completed for the 1929 International Exhibition.
This allowed the city and the surrounding region of Catalonia to portray itself in a positive light to the world's media. Further restoration of existing buildings and the creation of brand new neo-Gothic structures continued as late as the 1960s. Among the principal buildings with rebuilt or modified with neo-Gothic additions are: The façade of the Barcelona Cathedral: constructed between 1882 and 1913 by Josep Oriol Mestres and August Font i Carreras with a profusion of Gothic-style elements. Building of the Centre Excursionista de Catalunya on Carrer Paradís: work by Lluís Domènech i Montaner carried out in 1922 on a building of uncertain origins, to which he added Gothic windows and merlons; the Flamboyant-style bridge that crosses Carrer Bisbe between the Palau de la Generalitat and the Cases dels Canonges: newly constructed 1928 by Joan Rubió. Casa Padellàs: the Barcelona City History Museum headquarters, the building was built circa 1500 on Carrer Mercaders, but it was moved to the Plaça del Rei in 1931 with its interior rebuilt.
Aguilar Palace: present-day Museu Picasso, restored by Adolf Florensa in 1959, who added galleries with arches and Gothic windows. Pignatelli Palace: present-day Royal Artistic Circle of Barcelona, restored in 1970 including the addition of various Gothic windows retrieved from municipal warehouses. L4 station Jaume I L3 stations Liceu and Drassanes El Gòtic on the City's website Barri Gòtic at Tmb.cat
Serra de Collserola
The Serra de Collserola, or Collserola, is a mountain range between the rivers Besòs and Llobregat. It is part of the Catalan Coastal Range; these mountains separate Barcelona from the Vallès plain and their tallest peak is the Tibidabo, at 512 m. Other main summits are: Turó del Puig, Puig d'Olorda, Turó de Valldaura, Turó de la Magarola, Puig d'Ossa, Puig Madrona; the valleys of the Llobregat and Besós Rivers, the plain of Barcelona, the Vallès basin, mark the geographical boundaries of the Collserola massif. To preserve the area, in 1987 the Parc de Collserola, which has an area of 84.65 km², was established. It is the largest metropolitan park in the world - 8 times larger than the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, 22 times larger than Central Park in New York. In the park, over a thousand major plants and around thirty plant communities have been catalogued; this diversity allows for the existence of a rich, varied wildlife. On the Vilana hill, of 445 m, stands the Torre de Collserola, a telecommunications tower built in 1992 for the use of Olympic games.
It was built by the British architect Sir Norman Foster. The Collserola Park is used extensively by the inhabitants of Barcelona and the other towns that border it, it is popular for walking and birdwatching. There are numerous restaurants. A path that follows the ridge of the Serra, known as the "Carretera de les Aigües", has been extensively improved for cyclists; the Barcelona city plan intends to include it in a cycle track that circles the city. Parc de Collserola
El Putget i Farró
El Putget i Farró is a neighbourhood in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona, located on a hill between Vallcarca and Sant Gervasi, urbanised after the 1870s. It is formed by two quarters, the former neighborhoods of el Putget and el Farró; the residential neighborhood Putget is named after the hill on which it is located. The uppermost part of the hill is covered by the public park'gardens of the hill of Putget'; this park covers 3.97 hectares. The residential neighbourhood of El Farró is considered by its residents to be family friendly. Several activities are organized throughout the year in one of its squares, such as food markets, music performances and events for kids during important festivities; the atmosphere is similar to the one of a small town, thanks to low buildings. Most of its streets have undergone a renovation in the last few years to become more adapted to pedestrians, eliminating parking spots and reducing the circulating traffic. El Farró is limited by main busy streets and two main squares, thus making it an oasis in the center of a bustling area of the city.
Several transportation options and basic stores are available at a short walking distance. Fans of modernist architecture can find "Cases Ramos" in Plaça de Lesseps, three lesser known but still impressive modernist apartment buildings, built in 1906 by the architect Jaume Torras i Grau. Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya and Barcelona Metro station Putxet, on L7. Barcelona Metro station Lesseps, on L3. BCN.es website
Dreta de l'Eixample
Dreta de l'Eixample is a neighborhood in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Catalonia. It is located east of Carrer de Balmes, it includes Plaça de Catalunya, the centre of the city, the upscale streets Rambla de Catalunya and Passeig de Gràcia. It is the bourgeois neighborhood of the city, which makes the majority of its population belong to the upper class of Barcelona. Dreta de L'Eixample is one of the most luxurious neighbors of Barcelona
Sagrada Família (neighborhood)
Sagrada Família is a neighborhood in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Catalonia. Its name comes from the church of the Sagrada Família, work of Antoni Gaudí, which can be found in the center of the neighborhood