Interstate 75 in Georgia
Interstate 75 in the U. S. state of Georgia travels north–south along the U. S. Route 41 corridor on the western side of the state, traveling through the cities of Valdosta and Atlanta, it is designated—but not signed—as State Route 401. In downtown Atlanta, I-75 joins with I-85 as the Downtown Connector; the segment from SR 49 in Byron to I-16 in Macon is part of the Fall Line Freeway and may be incorporated into the eastern extension of I-14, entirely within Central Texas and is proposed to be extended to Augusta. I-75 is the longest Interstate Highway within Georgia, it enters near Valdosta, it continues northward through the towns of Tifton and Cordele until it reaches the Macon area, where it intersects with I-16 eastbound towards Savannah. For northbound traffic wishing to avoid potential congestion in Macon, I-475 provides a straight bypass west of that city and I-75's route. After Macon it passes the small town of Forsyth; the freeway reaches no major junctions again until in the Atlanta metropolitan area.
The first metropolitan freeway met is I-675 followed by the Atlanta "Perimeter" bypass, I-285. It heads north several miles towards the Atlanta city center. I-75 runs concurrently with I-85 due north over the Downtown Connector through the central business district of Atlanta. After the two Interstates split, I-75 makes a beeline northwest, crossing outside the I-285 Perimeter and heading towards the major suburban city of Marietta; this section of I-75 just north of I-285 has 15 through lanes, making it the widest roadway anywhere in the Interstate Highway System. North of Marietta, the final major junction in the Atlanta metropolitan area is the I-575 spur. I-75 traverses the hilly northern Georgia terrain as it travels towards Chattanooga, Tennessee; the 180-mile-long section of I-75 from I-475 to I-24 in Chattanooga is one of the longest continuous six-lane freeways in the United States. Due to recent widening in south Georgia, the only four-lane section of I-75 in Georgia is bypassed by six-lane I-475.
The highway that would become I-75 in Georgia was an unnamed expressway, open in 1951 from the southern part of Atlanta to University Avenue. It was projected from University Avenue to Williams Street in downtown Atlanta; this expressway was open from Williams Street to what is now the northern end of the Downtown Connector. It was proposed from the Downtown Connector to the northwest part of Atlanta. By late 1953, this expressway was signed as US 19/US 41 as far north as Lakewood Avenue, it was under construction from the Downtown Connector to Howell Mill Road. It was proposed from Howell Mill Road to the northwest part of Atlanta. By mid-1954, the expressway was signed as SR 295 from Lakewood Avenue to University Avenue, it was under construction from the Downtown Connector to US 41/SR 3E, just north of West Paces Ferry Road. By mid-1955, the highway was under construction from University Avenue to Glenn Street, it was open from Williams Street to US 41/SR 3E in the central part of Atlanta. By mid-1957, the highway was opened from University Avenue to Glenn Street.
It was open from Williams Street to US 41/SR 3E in the northwest part of Atlanta. By the middle of 1960, a short segment southeast of Williams Street was open. By mid-1963, I-75 was signed, it was open from the Florida state line to US 41/SR 7 in Unadilla. It was under construction from Unadilla to just north of the Crawford–Bibb county line, it was open from SR 148 in Bolingbroke to US 23/SR 42 north-northwest of Forsyth. It was open from Glenn Street to Washington Street in downtown Atlanta, it was under construction from US 41/SR 3 in the northwest part of Atlanta to its northern interchange with I-285. It was under construction from SR 53 in Calhoun to the Tennessee state line. Between 1963 and 1965, open from US 41/SR 7 in Unadilla to Hartley Bridge Road south-southwest of Macon, it was proposed from Hartley Bridge Road to I-16 in Macon. It was under construction from I-16 to its northern interchange with I-475 near Bolingbroke, it was open from Bolingbroke to near Forsyth. It was under construction from there to SR 155 south of McDonough.
It was proposed from there to SR 54 in Morrow. It was under construction from Morrow to US 19/US 41 west of Morrow, it was proposed from that interchange to SR 331 in Forest Park. It was open from Forest Park to West Paces Ferry Road in northwest Atlanta, it was under construction from there to SR 120 in Marietta. It was proposed from Marietta to SR 140 in Adairsville, it was under construction from Adairsville to SR 53 in Calhoun. It was open from Calhoun to the Tennessee state line. In 1966, the highway was open from the Florida state line to its southern interchange with I-475 near Macon, it was open from I-16 to US 23/SR 42 near Forsyth. It was open from Forest Park to its northern interchange with I-285. In 1967, it was under construction from US 80/SR 74 to I-16 in Macon, it was under construction from near Forsyth to the US 19/US 41 interchange west of Morrow. It was open from Forest Park to SR 120 in Marietta, it was under construction from SR 120 to Allgood Road in Marietta. In 1968, the highway was open US 23/SR 42 near Forsyth to SR 20 in McDonough.
It was under construction from McDonough to SR 54 in Morrow. It was open from Morrow to Allgood Road in Marietta, it was under construction from US 411/SR 61 near Cartersville to SR 140 in Adairsville. In 1969, the highway was under construction from its southern interchange with I-475 to I-16 in Macon, it was open from I-16 to Allgood Road in Marietta. In 1971, it was open from the Flo
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Cook County, Georgia
Cook County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,212; the county seat is Adel. The constitutional amendment to create the county was proposed July 30, 1918, ratified November 5, 1918, it is named for former Civil War general Philip Cook of the Confederate States Army. Reed Bingham State Park is in Cook County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 233 square miles, of which 227 square miles is land and 6.0 square miles is water. The western half of Cook County west of Interstate 75, is located in the Little River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin; the eastern half of the county is located in the Withlacoochee River sub-basin of the same Suwannee River basin. Interstate 75 U. S. Route 41 State Route 7 State Route 37 State Route 76 State Route 401 Tift County Berrien County Lowndes County Brooks County Colquitt County As of the census of 2000, there were 15,771 people, 5,882 households, 4,282 families residing in the county.
The population density was 69 people per square mile. There were 6,558 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 67.93% White, 29.09% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. 3.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,882 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 15.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.20% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,582, the median income for a family was $31,820. Males had a median income of $26,262 versus $19,703 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,465. About 16.50% of families and 20.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.90% of those under age 18 and 24.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17,212 people, 6,339 households, 4,594 families residing in the county; the population density was 75.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,287 housing units at an average density of 32.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 67.0% white, 27.3% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.4% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.5% were American, 9.9% were Irish, 5.0% were German.
Of the 6,339 households, 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families, 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 36.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $31,390 and the median income for a family was $37,352. Males had a median income of $32,853 versus $25,122 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,528. About 21.3% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.9% of those under age 18 and 23.3% of those age 65 or over. Adel Cecil Lenox Sparks National Register of Historic Places listings in Cook County, Georgia Official Site Cook County historical marker
Berrien County, Georgia
Berrien County is a county located in the south central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,286; the county seat is Nashville. The county was created February 25, 1856 out of portions of Coffee and Lowndes Counties by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, it is named after Georgia senator John M. Berrien; the citizens of the area of Lowndes County and Irwin County that would become Berrien County had to travel long distances to get the county courthouse at Franklinville and Troupville, Georgia for those in Lowndes County, Irwinville, Georgia for those in Irwin County. By at least June 1853, citizens had petitioned to form a new county; the 1853 attempt of a new county failed. By 1856, a renewed attempt at the creation of a new county was successful. Berrien County lost a disproportionate number of men in World War I in part because companies at that time were organized by militia districts at home. Eight weeks before the Armistice, 25 Berrien County men were among the 200 enlisted soldiers who perished at sea off the coast of Scotland.
Many of the bodies were returned to the soldiers' hometowns for burial, the names of the dead were engraved on a memorial located on the courthouse grounds in Nashville. The memorial was the first in a series of pressed copper sculptures by artist E. M. Viquesney entitled The Spirit of the American Doughboy. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 458 square miles, of which 452 square miles is land and 6.0 square miles is water. The western portion of Berrien County, from just north of U. S. Route 82 and west of U. S. Route 129 heading south, is located in the Withlacoochee River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin; the eastern portion of the county is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the larger Suwannee River basin. Irwin County - north Coffee County - northeast Atkinson County - east Lanier County - southeast Lowndes County - south Cook County - west Tift County - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 16,235 people, 6,261 households, 4,539 families residing in the county.
The population density was 36 people per square mile. There were 7,100 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 85.48% White, 11.43% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. 2.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,261 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.50% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years.
For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,044, the median income for a family was $34,643. Males had a median income of $25,559 versus $19,790 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,375. About 14.60% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,286 people, 7,443 households, 5,254 families residing in the county; the population density was 42.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,709 housing units at an average density of 19.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84.7% white, 10.7% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.6% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 28.8% were American, 14.4% were Irish, 8.2% were English, 6.6% were German.
Of the 7,443 households, 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 38.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $32,202 and the median income for a family was $40,869. Males had a median income of $30,847 versus $22,277 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,049. About 18.2% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.8% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over. Berrien Historical Foundation maintains Berrien Historical Photos website. Nashville Ray City Alapaha Enigma Bannockburn Glory Verify at 229-686-5123 Berrien County Historical Foundation or the website. National Register of Historic Places listings in Berrien County, Georgia Official website Berrien County historical marker
Nelson Tift was an American jurist, businessman and politician, best known for founding the city of Albany, Georgia. Tift was born in Connecticut. Early in his life he became a devout Episcopal, he moved with his family to Key West, Florida in the 1820's where he assisted his father in a mercantile business, to Augusta, Georgia in 1830 were he was in business. During his travels, he opened many side ventures, he arrived in what would be called Albany and set up a small trading post. On July 5, 1840, he was elected to the Baker County, Georgia Inferior Court and was re-elected to that post in January 1841. In 1840, he owned 11 slaves. Tift was married and had at least one daughter, married to Confederate War Captain Thomas N. Nelson. Thomas Nelson will fight in the War and die at Tupelo, Mississippi in 1864. In 1840, Tift was elected as a colonel of the local unit of the Georgia Militia. In 1841, he was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives and was re-elected to that one-year position in 1847, 1851, 1852.
While a State legislature, he supported the reopening of the international slave trade as a means to extend slave ownership to all white Georgians and chastised white artisans for opposing the use of slave craftsmen. Although not an advocate of immediate secession, he accepted the final decision and lent his services to the new nation. Tift founded and published the Albany Patriot newspaper from 1845 until 1858. In 1850, he owned 8 slaves. In 1860, he owned 9 slaves in Albany, Georgia and an additional 19 slaves spread out over two locations in surrounding Dougherty County. During the American Civil War, Tift was a Captain in the Confederate States Navy supply department. Tift built gunboats for the Confederate navy and supplied the Rebel army with beef and hardtack produced by his factories at Albany and at nearby Palmyra in Lee County. After the war ended, he was elected to the 40th United States Congress as a U. S. Representative with the Democratic Party and served from July 25, 1868, until March 3, 1869.
He was not permitted to qualify for re-election in 1868 and unsuccessfully contested the election of his replacement, Richard H. Whiteley. After his congressional service, Tift worked in various businesses, he served as a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1877. Tift was popular with the people of ALbany and built a large home in the center of the city that still stands today, he was buried in that city's Oakview Cemetery. Tift County, was named in his honor but in March 2013 the Georgia Legislature voted to adopt a resolution written by Edd Dorminey of Tifton, Georgia naming Tift County after its founder, Henry Harding Tift; because H. H. Tift was living in 1905 when Tift County was founded, the county could not be named after him. Wanting the county to honor the Tifts, the delegates chose Nelson Tift. On September 24, 1836 Tift with a group of men headed by John Rawls, president of the bank of Hawkinsville, entered into an agreement to found a city on the west bank of the Flint River.
This city would acquire the name of Albany. A booster, he promoted education and railroad construction, he opposed Radical Reconstruction inside the state and in Congress and was scornful of the Yankee carpetbaggers who came into Georgia after the war. Fair concludes that Tift became "more Southern than many natives." His pro-slavery attitudes before the war and his support for segregation afterward made him compatible with Georgia's white elite. United States Congress. "Nelson Tift". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-05-01 Glancing Backward Albany, Georgia 1836-1986 "Nelson Tift". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2010-10-15. Nelson Tift entry at The New Georgia Encyclopedia Colonel Nelson Tift historical marker The Bridge House historical marker This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
The Alapaha River is a 202-mile-long river in southern Georgia and northern Florida in the United States. It is a tributary of the Suwannee River; the Hernando de Soto expedition narrative records mention a "Yupaha" village they encountered after they left Apalachee, "the sound of, suggestive of the Alapaha, a tributary of the Suwanee." Another reference to a village of "Atapaha" "so resembles Alapaha that it is reasonable to suppose they are the same, that the town was on the river of that name." John Reed Swanton's landmark Indian Tribes of North America places the Indian village of Alapaha near where the Alapaha River met the Suwanee, noted that an Indian village of "Arapaja" was 70 leagues from St. Augustine, Florida on the Alapaha River. In the 1840s a German travel writer, Friedrich Gerstäcker wrote a dime novel called Alapaha, or the Renegades of the Border, giving the name to a noble Cherokee "squaw." A translation of this novel was published in the 1870s as #67 in a series of American narratives published by Beadle.
During the American Civil War, the swamps along the Alapaha River in Berrien and Echols counties became a refuge for a number of gangs of Confederate deserters. The Alapaha River rises in southeastern Dooly County and flows southeastwardly through or along the boundaries of Crisp, Turner, Ben Hill, Tift, Atkinson, Lanier and Echols Counties in Georgia, Hamilton County in Florida, where it flows into the Suwannee River 10 miles southwest of Jasper. Along its course it passes the Georgia towns of Rebecca, Willacoochee and Statenville. Near Willacoochee, the Alapaha collects the Willacoochee River. In Florida, it collects the Alapahoochee River and the short Little Alapaha River, which rises in Echols County and flows southwestward; the Alapaha River is an intermittent river for part of its course. During periods of low volume, the river becomes a subterranean river. At 2.3 miles downstream from Jennings, Florida the Dead River enters the Alapaha River. It is a dry river bed with a number of sinkholes, including the Dead River Sink.
During periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River downstream from the confluence of the Dead River and the Alapaha River flows upstream into the Dead River. A few more miles downstream is a second sinkhole variously known as the Alapaha River Sink, Suck Hole, or the Devil's Den on the western bank of the river. At the latter point during the periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River disappears underground leaving a dry bank for much of the remainder of its course; the Alapaha River reappears at the Alapaha River Rise, about a half mile upstream from the confluence of the Alapaha River and the Suwanee River. During a period of low rainfall over 11 miles of the riverbed can be dry as the river goes underground; the United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Alapaha River" as the stream's name in 1891. According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has been known as: Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry DeLorme. Georgia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-253-6.
U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alapaha River U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Alapaha River Underground: The Alapaha River as an Intermittent River
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government