NoHo, for North of Houston Street is a landmarked, primarily residential upper-class neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is bounded by Broadway to the west and the Bowery to the east, the Landmarks Preservation Commission has declared most of the 125-building area a historic district, divided into the NoHo Historic District and the NoHo East Historic District, created in 2003. In 1748, Jacob Sperry, a physician from Switzerland, created the citys first botanical garden near the current intersection of Lafayette Street and Astor Place. At the time, it was located about 1 mile north of the portion of the city. By 1804, John Jacob Astor bought the site from Sperry, Delacroix built a country resort named Vauxhall Gardens on the site, the gardens had previously been located further downtown, in Tribeca. NoHo soon became an enclave for well-to-do families, because of rapid development on Bond and Great Jones Streets, it was not affordable to build houses on these streets. These streets were among the citys most elite at the time, therefore, in 1826, after Delacroixs lease expired.
Astor carved out an upper-class neighborhood from the site with Lafayette Street bisecting eastern gardens from western homes, the street was christened by the Marquis de Lafayette in July 1825. Wealthy New Yorkers, including Astor and other members of the family, Astor built the Astor Library in the eastern portion of the neighborhood as a donation to the city. Alexander Jackson Davis designed eye-catching row houses called LaGrange Terrace for speculative builder Seth Geer, Geer built the houses for the development in 1833. The area became a fashionable, upper-class residential district, and when Lafayette Street was opened in the 1820s and this location made the Gardens accessible to the residents of nearby Broadway and the Bowery. In the summer of 1838, the owners opened a saloon for the staging of vaudeville comic operas. Later theatre managers expanded the offerings to appeal to a range of patrons. By 1850, the crowds of the Bowery had mostly scared off the upper classes. The theater buildings were demolished in 1855, and the gardens closed for the last time in 1859, even so, wealthy New Yorkers lived here through the end of the 19th century.
By the 1880s, the neighborhood became mainly a manufacturing district, the demolition of upper-class buildings continued, and by 1902, the southernmost five mansions on Colonnade Row were demolished for the Wanamakers Department Store annex. Most of the mansions on Bond Street, lasted through the 1930s, after World War II, manufacturing companies moved out of New York City and to the suburbs. By the 1950s, these spaces were rented to artists and small theatre companies, the artists had to go through extensive litigation to live and work in these spaces
Lightweight types of backpacks are sometimes worn on only one shoulder strap. This improves the potential to carry loads, as the hips are stronger than the shoulders. In ancient times, the backpack was used as a means to carry the larger game and other types of prey. They were easy to carry and made of cloths, the bag itself would be made up of animal hide and skin and sewn together by animal intestines, which would be woven together tightly to make a sturdy thread-like material. The word backpack was coined in the United States in the 1910s, moneybag and packsack were used prior, and now occur mainly as regionalisms. The word rucksack is a German loanword mainly used in the UK, in German, Rücken means back and Sack means bag. The name rucksack is cognate with the Danish rygsæk, Norwegian ryggsekk, Dutch rugzak, Afrikaans rugsak, the word knapsack was the usual name for a rucksack or backpack up until the middle of the 20th century. Alternative names include haversack and bergen, in fact, Britons used to call Alpine-style backpacks Bergen rucksacks, maybe from the name of their creator, Norwegian Ole F.
Bergan, combined with the name of the Norwegian city of Bergen. Backpacks in general fall into one of four categories, external frame, internal frame, and bodypack. A pack frame, when present, serves to support the pack and distribute the weight of its contents across the more appropriately, by transferring much of the weight to the hips. Most of the weight is taken off the shoulders, reducing the chance of injury from shoulder strap pressure. Most backpacks are capable of being closed with either a buckle mechanism, a zipper, or a dry-bag type closure though a few models use a drawstring fitted with a cord lock for the main compartment. A bodypack is a backpack fitted with one or more pockets that are suspended on the wearers chest and loaded in such a way that the load in the front, the majority of the load in a bodypack is carried by the hips. The ideal load carrying system should not disturb the wearers natural posture, the load must be dispersed onto the skeletal structure in an even manner, and should not produce unbalanced forces on the body.
The simplest backpack design is a bag attached to a set of shoulder straps, such packs are used for general transportation of goods, and have variable capacity. The simplest designs consist of one main pocket and these packs are generally produced inexpensively. Some outdoor packs, particularly those sold for day hikes, ultralight backpacking and mountaineering are sometimes frameless as well. Sports and hydration backpacks are smaller with a closer to the body, wider straps and can come with water bladders
American City Business Journals
American City Business Journals is an American newspaper chain based in Charlotte, North Carolina, owned by Advance Publications. It controls the Street & Smiths Sports Group, which publishes motorsports periodicals, including SportsBusiness Journal, Sports Business Daily, five sports annuals, the company is the United States leading publisher of NASCAR magazines, which includes NASCAR Illustrated and Scenedaily. com. American City publishes specialty publications, which include a business newspaper, a law journal. In 2009, ACBJ took over management of Portfolio. com, mike Russell founded American City Business Journals. The President and CEO of American City is Whitney Shaw, Shaw was previously senior vice president of ACBJ and president of its sports-publishing division. He succeeds his father, Ray Shaw, who was chairman, Ray Shaw, the companys chairman from 1989 until his 2009 death, bought a controlling interest along with a partner in 1989, selling to Advance Publications in 1995. It was Russell who suggested Shaw buy the company rather than just a few journals.
Under Ray Shaws leadership, the company moved from Kansas City, Missouri, to Charlotte, North Carolina, and greatly increased the number of its publications. The site contains local news from around the nation, updated throughout the day. The Business Journals sites have more than four million visitors each month. The Business Journals Forty Under 40 is an annual list compiled and published by the Business Journal newspapers since 1992, the purpose is to list the 40 most successful entrepreneurs under the age of 40. The 40 are usually nominated from within individual areas in range of the local business journals publication, American City Business Journals corporate website The Business Journals The Business Journals mobile Street & Smiths SportsBusiness Journal Hemmings Motor News
Timbuk2 is a San Francisco based messenger bag company that was established in San Francisco in 1989 by former bike messenger Rob Honeycutt. The company was originally named Scumbags, but founder Honeycutt changed the name to Timbuk2 Designs in 1990. The name Timbuk2 was inspired in part by the American rock band Timbuk3, Timbuk2 is owned by private equity firms VMG Equity Partners and Capital Logic Partners. Timbuk2 founder Honeycutt was fascinated by just in time manufacturing and he studied the Toyota manufacturing model and developed the Timbuk2 Classic Messenger bag pattern to be able to accommodate custom orders from independent bike dealers in San Francisco. While its product line has expanded beyond custom bags, Timbuk2 has continually designed and manufactured all its custom products in San Franciscos Mission neighborhood since 1989. Non-custom products are manufactured in China and Indonesia, Timbuk2 is one of the few remaining manufacturing facilities operating in San Francisco. In 2011, Timbuk2 launched a bicycle share program in its retail store
New Balance Athletics, Inc. best known as simply New Balance, is an American multinational corporation based in the Brighton neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. The company was founded in 1906 as the New Balance Arch Support Company and is one of the major sports footwear manufacturers. As a result, New Balance shoes tend to be more expensive than those of other manufacturers. The company has reached a profit of approximately $40 billion since 1991. In 1906, William J. Riley, British emigrant, founded the New Balance Arch Support Company, manufacturing arch supports and his first product, a flexible arch support, was designed with three support points to provide greater balance and comfort in the shoe. It is believed that Riley came up with the name New Balance by observing chickens in his yard and he explained to customers that the chickens three-pronged foot resulted in perfect balance. In 1927, Riley hired Arthur Hall to be a salesman, in 1934, Hall became a business partner and found his niche by marketing to people whose jobs required them to spend a lot of time standing.
In 1956, Hall sold the business to his daughter Eleanor and Paul Kidd continued to sell mainly arch supports until 1960, when they designed and manufactured the Trackster, the worlds first running shoe made with a ripple sole. It was the first running shoe to come in varying widths, the Trackster was given a big boost through the YMCA programs in which it became the unofficial shoe. Marketing was mostly word-of-mouth or local sports fairs, sales languished until 1972, when current Chairman Jim Davis bought the company on the day of the Boston Marathon. At the time, the company consisted of six people making 30 pairs of shoes daily, Jim committed himself to uphold the companys traditional commitment to individual preferences, customer service and quality products. His future wife Anne, who joined the company in 1978, focused on building a culture for New Balance employees. Their timing was perfect, as the Boston area became a center for the boom that struck the U. S. in the 1970s. Their product line expanded and sales grew rapidly, the company prospered, and the Davises looked to expand New Balance into a global company.
The company is now run by Rob DeMartini, deMartinis background includes Procter & Gamble and Gillette Shave Company. Today,30 percent of the New Balance shoes sold in the European market are manufactured at the New Balance facility in Flimby, in February 2015, the company announced its entry into the global soccer market. During 2016, New Balance opposed the Trans Pacific Partnership and condemned the Obama administrations support for it, owner and Chairman Davis donated almost $400,000 to the Trump Victory Committee in September 2016. In 2013, New Balance launched a shoe brand dubbed New Balance Numeric that is distributed by Black Box Distribution
Hayes Valley, San Francisco
Hayes Valley is a neighborhood in the Western Addition district of San Francisco, California. It is located between the districts of Alamo Square and the Civic Center. Victorian, Queen Anne, and Edwardian townhouses are mixed with high-end boutiques, although its boundaries are ill-defined, Hayes Valley is generally considered to be the area north and south of Hayes Street between Webster and Franklin Streets. Hayes Valley would have been covered with wildflowers every spring. When it was running in the winter, Hayes Creek cut diagonally through the current Hayes Valley, in 1776, local people came under the control of the Spanish empire with the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition, which established Mission San Francisco de Asís south of Hayes Valley. After the 1849 California Gold Rush, Italian emigrants from around Genoa developed produce farms on the soil of the Hayes Valley neighborhood. The Western Addition was developed in the 1850s to expand the city to the west of Van Ness Avenue, Hayes Valley was built out with many grand Victorian residences, as well as the smaller residences built to house the craftspeople at work on the mansions.
Primary streets with big houses were named for local citizens and families, while streets with the smaller houses carry botanical names such as Lily, Linden. Hayes Valley south of McAllister Street was spared the fires that followed the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and it was a multi-ethnic neighborhood, with the blossoming of the Fillmore district after World War II, an African American neighborhood. The elevated Central Freeway section of U. S. Route 101 was built in the neighborhood during the 1950s, damaged during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, it was closed afterward and eventually demolished after campaign by local activists called for the removal. The project was founded on a use agreement between Hayes Valley Farm, the San Francisco Parks Alliance, and the Mayors Office of Economic. Community volunteers had permission to use the 2.2 acre lot until the City moved forward with development plans for the site. In June 2012, it was reported that approval had been given for retail premises, an Avalon apartment complex is currently under construction at the site.
In early 2013, the SFJAZZ Center, a new jazz concert hall. It is considered the first free-standing building in the West built for jazz performance and education
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. It is the birthplace of the United Nations, the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856, after three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines, San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, as of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings.
The earliest archaeological evidence of habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7,1846, during the Mexican–American War, montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers, with their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.
The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels, many were left to rot, by 1851 the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. By 1870 Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land, buried ships are occasionally exposed when foundations are dug for new buildings. California was quickly granted statehood in 1850 and the U. S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate, silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a very short term basis. Bike share schemes allow people to borrow a bike from point A, many bike-share systems offer subscriptions that make the first 30–45 minutes of use either free or very inexpensive, encouraging use as transportation. This allows each bike to serve several users per day, in most bike-share cities, casual riding over several hours or days is better served by bicycle rental than by bike-share. For many systems, smartphone mapping apps show nearby stations with available bikes, bike-share began in Europe in 1965 and a viable format emerged in the mid-2000s thanks to the introduction of information technology. As of June 2014, public bikesharing systems were available in 50 countries on five continents, including 712 cities, operating approximately 806,200 bicycles at 37,500 stations. As of May 2011, the Wuhan and Hangzhou Public Bicycle bike-share systems in China were the largest in the world, the Vélib in Paris bicycle stations, is the largest outside of China.
The countries with the most systems are Spain, Italy, as of July 2013, the systems with the higher market penetration are both operating in France, the Parisian Velib with 1 bike per 97 inhabitants and Vélov in Lyon with one bike per 121 residents. Bicycle-sharing systems have cited as a way to solve the last mile problem. The reasons people use bike-share vary considerably, some who would otherwise use their own bicycle have concerns about theft or vandalism, parking or storage, and maintenance requirements. Government-run bicycle-sharing programmes can prove costly to the public unless subsidised by commercial interests, although users of such systems generally pay to use vehicles that they themselves do not own, sharing systems differ from traditional for-profit bike rental businesses. In recent years, in an effort to reduce losses from theft and vandalism, many bike-sharing schemes now require a user to provide a deposit or other security. Most large-scale urban bike sharing programmes utilise numerous bike check-out stations, some bike-sharing systems are completely free like Aarhus in Denmark.
As a consequence, most publicly owned bicycle sharing systems utilise funding from public governmental and/or charitable sources, Bike sharing schemes may be administered by government entities, nonprofit private organisations, or via public-private partnerships. In some cases, such as a university campus, the bicycles are designated for use within certain boundaries. Users are expected to leave the bike unlocked in an area once they reach their destination. Bicycle sharing programs without locks, user identification, and security deposits have suffered large loss rates from theft. Deposit A small cash deposit releases the bike from a locked terminal, since the deposit is a fraction of the bikes cost, this does little to deter theft. Other bike sharing programmes have implemented rules requiring the user to provide a credit card, along with substantial security deposits for bicycles
Mission District, San Francisco
This mission, San Franciscos oldest standing building, is located in the northwest area of the neighborhood. The Mission District is located in east-central San Francisco and it is bordered to the east by U. S. Route 101, which forms the boundary between the eastern portion of the district, known as Inner Mission, and its eastern neighbor, Potrero Hill. Sanchez Street separates the neighborhood from Eureka Valley to the north west, the part of the neighborhood from Valencia Street to Sanchez Street, north of 20th Street, is known as the Mission Dolores neighborhood. South of 20th Street towards 22nd Street, and between Valencia and Dolores Streets is a neighborhood known as Liberty Hill. Cesar Chavez Street is the border, across Cesar Chavez Street is the Bernal Heights neighborhood. North of the Mission District is the South of Market neighborhood, bordered roughly by Duboce Avenue, the principal thoroughfare of the Mission District is Mission Street. South of the Mission District, along Mission Street, are the Excelsior and Crocker-Amazon neighborhoods, the Mission District is part of San Franciscos supervisorial districts 6,9 and 10.
The Mission is often warmer and sunnier than other parts of San Francisco, the Missions geographical location insulates it from the fog and wind from the west. The Mission includes four recognized sub-districts, the northeastern quadrant, adjacent to Potrero Hill is known as a center for high tech startup businesses including some chic bars and restaurants. The northwest quadrant along Dolores Street is famous for Victorian mansions, prior to the arrival of Spanish missionaries, the area which now includes the Mission District was inhabited by the Ohlone people who populated much of the San Francisco bay area. The Yelamu Indians inhabited the region for over 2,000 years, Spanish missionaries arrived in the area during the late 18th century. They found these people living in two villages on Mission Creek and it was here that a Spanish priest named Father Francisco Palóu founded Mission San Francisco de Asis on June 29,1776. The Mission was moved from the shore of Laguna Dolores to its current location in 1783, franciscan friars are reported to have used Ohlone slave labor to complete the Mission in 1791.
This period marked the beginning of the end of the Yelamu culture, the Indian population at Mission Dolores dropped from 400 to 50 between 1833 and 1841. The lands around the abandoned mission church became a focal point of raffish attractions including bull and bear fighting, horse racing, baseball. A famous beer parlor resort known as The Willows was located along Mission Creek just south of 18th Street between Mission Street and San Carlos Street. From 1865 to 1891, a conservatory and zoo known as Woodwards Gardens covered two city blocks bounded by Mission Street, Valencia Street, 13th Street, and 15th Street. During Californias early statehood period, in the 19th and 20th century, large numbers of Irish and settlement intensified after the 1906 earthquake, as many displaced businesses and residents moved into the area, making Mission Street a major commercial thoroughfare
Baggage or luggage consists of bags and containers which hold a travellers articles during transit. The modern traveller can be expected to have packages containing clothing, small possessions, trip necessities, for some people and the style thereof is representative of the owners wealth. Baggage, or baggage train, can refer to the train of people and goods. Historically the most common types of luggage were chests or trunks made of wood or other heavy materials and these would be shipped by professional movers. Since the Second World War smaller and more lightweight suitcases and bags that can be carried by an individual have become the form of luggage. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word comes from Old French bagage or from bagues. It may be related to the word bag, trunk - A wooden box, generally much larger than other kinds of luggage. Trunks come in sizes as in the case of footlockers. These days trunks are more used for storage than transportation. Items large enough to require a trunk are now shipped in transport cases.
Some of the better known trunk makers are Louis Vuitton, Moynat, M. M. Secor, Suitcase - A general term that may refer to wheeled or non-wheeled luggage, as well as soft or hard side luggage. Garment bag - A style of luggage that folds over on itself to allow long garments such as suits or dresses to be packed flat to avoid creasing, carpet bag - travel luggage traditionally made from carpets. Since 2003 most locks integrated into luggage use the TSA Lock standard developed by Travel Sentry to allow opening by the US Transportation Security Administration, expandable Luggage - suitcases that can be unzipped to expand for more packing space. Rolling suitcases were invented in 1970, when Bernard D. Sadow applied for a patent that was granted in 1972 as United States patent 3,653,474 for Rolling Luggage. The patent application cited the increase in air travel, and baggage handling become perhaps the single biggest difficulty encountered by an air passenger, Sadow attributes the late invention of luggage on wheels to a macho thing where men would not accept suitcases with wheels.
Others attribute the invention to the abundance of luggage porters with carts in the 1960s, the ease of curbside drop-offs at much smaller airports. Some vehicles have a specifically for luggage to be held. Items stored in the hold are known as hold luggage, a typical example would be a suitcase
A messenger bag is a type of sack, usually made out of some kind of cloth, that is worn over one shoulder with a strap that goes across the chest resting the bag on the lower back. While messenger bags are used by couriers, they are now an urban fashion icon. Some types of bags are called carryalls. A smaller version is called a sling bag. This design of bag has been used in the transportation of mail and goods by numerous types of messengers, including Pony Express riders, postal workers, messengers on foot, and bicycle couriers. Some Royal Mail carriers in the United Kingdom currently use large messenger bags to deliver mail in lieu of a Postbag, the bags originally allowed linemen to carry necessary tools within easy reach while climbing utility poles. De Martini messenger bags were made of canvas with a waterproof lining. Bags had one small pocket for invoice slips. De Martini Globe Canvas messenger bags originally bore no manufacturers label, and were only to, and issued by, New York City messenger services.
Globe Canvas supplied bags for most New York messenger firms through the 1970s and 1980s, the larger messenger firms issued riders bags in exchange for a deposit. Bags were color-coded by firm, with the two largest companies, Mobile Messenger and Can-Carriers, using red and blue bags and his designs are now the industry standard for all modern messenger bags. Similar in function to backpacks, messenger bags ensure comfort to people carrying heavy and/or bulky items, contemporary stabilizing straps help to prevent the bag from shifting while riding. The top-opening one-strap design allows messenger bags to be swung around front so that their contents can be accessed without having to remove the bag. Messenger bags are used as a fashion accessory. While they can be found in the possession of either gender, Messenger bags have become fashionable in urban environments, among cyclists and commuters. Many college and high-school students make use of them for fashionable and functional purposes, many companies design messenger bags specifically for the collegiate market.
Messenger bags provide weather resistance than traditional leather satchel-style school bags. Materials used in messenger bags are more durable and water-resistant than other over-the-shoulder bags