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Time-assignment speech interpolation

In telecommunication, a time-assignment speech interpolation was an analog technique used on certain long transmission links to increase voice-transmission capacity. TASI takes advantage of the fact that in typical person-person conversation, speech in a single direction occurs for 40% of the time, the remaining time being occupied with pauses and/or silence. Statistical analysis demonstrated that for an average voice channel usage of 40%, over 74 speech conversations could be handled using 37 full Duplex speech circuits thereby doubling potential revenue for a small capital outlay relative to a expensive cable. E.g. £ 12.5 million cost of the TAT-1 cable. TASI worked by switching additional users onto any voice channel temporarily idled because an original user has stopped speaking; when the original user resumes speaking, that user would, in turn, be switched to any channel that happened to be idle. The speech detector function is called voice activity detection. Clipping or loss of speech would occur for all conversations that needed to be assigned to an available idle channel and in practice lasted at least 17 ms whilst information required to re-connect both parties was signalled by the TASI control circuits.

An additional freezeout period lasting between 0 and 500 ms would depend on the instantaneous loading of voice circuits. In actual use, these delays presented few problems in typical conversations. One of the issues with using this type of technology was that the users listening on an idled channel can sometimes hear the conversation, switched onto it; the sound heard was of low volume and individual words are not distinguishable. See crosstalk for a similar phenomenon in telecommunications. Another potential issue was ensuring that non-voice type circuits were not routed via TASI speech channels since these could degrade the level of service where callers would encounter frequent clipped speech and breaks in the conversation. TASI was invented by Bell Labs in the early 1960s to increase the capacity of transatlantic telephone cables, it was one of their first applications requiring electronic switching of voice circuits. Digital circuit multiplication equipment included TASI as a feature, not as distinct hardware.

US 5016247 Multihop time assigned speech interpolation, 1991 This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document: "Federal Standard 1037C". Talkspurt

Filip Naudts

Filip Naudts is a photographer and photography reviewer based in Belgium. In 1992, Naudts began his career working for press; the following year, he was employed by the Antwerp Fotomuseum, where he remained until 2002. From 2002 to 2006, he became photo editor of the Dutch photo magazine Foto. after that he started his career as a full-time freelance photographer. In 1993, he founded his own photo studio Guarda La Fotografia in Lochristi, where he developed his own poetic style referring to the portrait paintings of the Flemish primitives. In 2000, the National Technical Museum in Prague held a solo exhibition of his work; this show resulted in the publication of his first book Auromatic. His work gets published weekly in several magazines in Belgium: P-Magazine, Knack and Ché. On the twentieth anniversary of his studio Guarda La Fotografia in 2013 an eponymous book was published, in which photographic portraits of Belgian celebrities, female nudity and humor play an important role. In 2014 and 2017 in the city center of Ghent, Naudts founded Studio Guarda La Fotografia and Paparazzo, two tourist guesthouses inspired by photography, wherein some of his photographs are shown.

In 2018 on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of Guarda La Fotografia, Stadsmuseum Lokeren brought a retrospective exhibition of Naudts' photographic work. Auromatic: Emotional Portraits of Female Alter Ego's. Brugge: Foto Art, 2000. ISBN 90-76001-25-1. Guarda La Fotografia. Oostkamp: Stichting Kunstboek, 2013. ISBN 978-90-5856-449-8 Paparazzo. Oostkamp: Stichting Kunstboek, 2015. ISBN 978-90-5856-535-8 The Picture of Dorya Glenn. Stichting Kunstboek, 2017. With Julie O'yang. ISBN 978-9058565778. English and Dutch edition. Official website

Abernethy Round Tower

The Abernethy Round Tower is a stone-built Irish-style round tower which stands at the edge of the cemetery in Abernethy and Kinross, Scotland. Dating from the 11th century, the tower is one of only two such towers surviving in Scotland—the other is at Brechin—and is protected as a scheduled monument; the roofless sandstone tower is 22.5m high and has a diameter of 4.57m at ground level, tapering upwards to 3.96m. The walls are 1.07m thick. The 12 lower layers are of a different coloured stone to the rest of the building, leading to speculation that the base was built earlier than the rest. There are indications that the tower had six wooden floors connected by ladders. Fixed to the outside base of the tower is a Pictish stone. Various changes have been made to the tower over the years, including the installation of an iron spiral staircase when it became a lookout tower, windows and an outside clock; the current clock dates from 1868. Here Malcolm III of Scotland paid homage to William the Conqueror some six years after the Battle of Hastings.

Article based on equivalent article on German Wikipedia

Chimpanzee (film)

Chimpanzee is a 2012 nature documentary film about a young common chimpanzee named Oscar who finds himself alone in the African forests until he is adopted by another chimpanzee who takes him in and treats him like his own child. The American release of the film is narrated by Tim Allen; the film was directed by Alastair Fothergill and Mark Linfield. It is the sixth film produced by the Disneynature label, following Earth, The Crimson Wing: Mystery of the Flamingos, Wings of Life, African Cats, it was released in theaters on April 20, 2012, just before Earth Day, April 22. Oscar is the nickname of a young chimpanzee in his toddler years, he is part of a close-knit tribe of chimpanzees. They occupy a forest territory, rich in native fruits and figs; the chimps hunt small tree monkeys, they eat termites collected with primitive tools made from sticks. They use rocks as tools to crack nuts. Oscar is tended by his mother, nicknamed Isha, from her he begins learning many things about how to survive in the jungle.

In the chaos of an attack by a rival gang of chimpanzees led by'Scar', Isha is injured and separated from the group and her son. As told by the narrator, Isha most falls victim to a nocturnal leopard. Unaware of his mother's death, Oscar spends much of his time looking for her, he has trouble recalling the things she loses weight quickly. He attempts to find another mother to take care of him. However, none of the females in the group can afford to help him having young of their own to raise; as time goes on, Oscar is rejected by every single chimp in the group, until the only one left to approach is the tough-skinned alpha male, nicknamed Freddy. As Oscar follows Freddy and imitates him, it is soon revealed that this unlikely pairing may work out; the two warm up to each other more and more, until one day Freddy lets Oscar ride on his back, something only mother chimps do. As the rivals prepare for attack, Freddy is forced to take time away from Oscar to organize the other members of the group, this leaves the young chimp confused.

Scar leads a vicious attack, but because of the unity of Freddy's group, they are driven away into the jungle. A few months it is revealed that the bond between Freddy and Oscar has continued to grow, that life in the group is returning to normal; the film took over four years to create, due to the difficulties of filming in Taï National Park during the wet season and capturing usable footage of common chimpanzees, a species, known to act reclusive to human activity. "Oscar" was portrayed by several chimpanzees in the movie. Although studies suggest that chimpanzees are capable of committing acts of altruism, Oscar's adoption is the first instance of such an action by the species to be documented on film. Chimpanzee had its world premiere at Walt Disney World's Downtown Disney in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. Among the attendees were directors Alastair Fothergill and Mark Linfield, producer Don Hahn, primatologist Jane Goodall. Similar to past Disneynature releases, a portion of the film's opening week proceeds were donated to the Jane Goodall Institute for the "See Chimpanzee, Save Chimpanzees" program to help protect chimpanzees and their habitats.

Disney donated $0.20 of every ticket sold, with $100,000. After the film's successful debut, Disney extended the campaign into the second weekend; the film was released in the UK on 3 May 2013. The McClain Sisters wrote and performed the song "Rise" to be featured as the end credits song for Chimpanzee; the song was released on iTunes on March 23, 2012 and peaked at #4 on Billboard's Kid Digital Songs charts. Its release was in support of Disney's Friends for Change. Chimpanzee was met with positive critical reception. CinemaScore audiences gave the film a grade "A" rating on an A+ to F scale. Official website Chimpanzee on IMDb Chimpanzee at the TCM Movie Database Chimpanzee at AllMovie Chimpanzee at Box Office Mojo Chimpanzee at Rotten Tomatoes Chimpanzee at Metacritic

Girl Out of the Ordinary

Girl Out of the Ordinary is the first studio album by Beverley Mahood, released in 1998. The title track was released to country radio in 1997 and was followed by the smash singles "A Little Thing Called Love", "Let's Kiss and Make Up", "Radio 101", "I Love How You Listen to Me" and "The Way a Woman Feels". "Radio 101" – 3:17 "Girl Out of the Ordinary" – 4:02 "True Love" – 4:21 "A Little Thing Called Love" – 3:26 "The Way I Woman Feels" – 3:57 "I Believe in You" – 4:20 "I Don't Do" – 4:08 "Let's Kiss and Make Up" – 4:18 with Ken Munshaw "Moving Day" – 5:18 "Little Miss Innocent" – 4:14 "I Love How You Listen to Me" – 3:13 "All Through the Night" – 3:11 bonus track

2001 in Philippine television

The following is a list of events affecting Philippine television in 2001. Events listed include television show debuts, finales and channel launches and rebrandings, as well as information about controversies and carriage disputes. Noli de Castro steps down as anchorman of TV Patrol and he was temporarily replaced by Henry Omaga-Diaz by next day. April 22: Dream Satellite TV launched as the country's first DTH satellite TV provider and commenced commercial services, until its closure in 2017. June 11: The launching of Ang Tamang Daan telecasted on DWCP-TV November 7: Actress Nida Blanca was killed in a parking lot in San Juan. Strangebrew on UNTV Linawin Natin on IBC 13 Magic Knight Rayearth on GMA Super Sentai Season 22 on ABS-CBN Ultraman Gaia on ABS-CBN Fancy Lala on ABC 5 Side Stitch on ABC 5 Sigaw: The Campus Debate Series on PTV-4 Amazing Lifestyle on SBN 21 Oras ng Himala on SBN 21 Armor of God on RJTV 29 True Crime on ABS-CBN Monica Brava on GMA MariMar on GMA Jessica Soho Reports on GMA Liwanagin Natin on Net 25 Quigley's Village ZOE TV 11 The Working President NBN-4/RPN 9/IBC 13 Alicia on ABS-CBN March 9: Today with Kris Aquino Balitang K Rio Del Mar Daniela's Diary March 23: Saan Ka Man Naroroon March 24: May Bukas Pa March 25: Richard Loves Lucy May 3: Assignment May 11: Marinella June 28: 1 for 3 July 13: Pambansang Balita Ala-Una Pambansang Balita Alas Singko Y Medya July 22: Kaya ni Mister, Kaya ni Misis July 27: Star Drama Presents August 10: Hoy Gising!

September 2: Eto Na ang Susunod Na Kabanata September 7: Camila September 29: Brigada Siete October 21: Pwedeng Pwede November 2: Kirara, Ano Ang Kulay ng Pag-ibig? Battle of the Brains on PTV-4 Online Bingo Filipino on PTV-4 Compañero y Compañera on RPN 9 Penpen de Sarapen on RPN 9 Normal Ohio on ABC 5 YuYu Hakusho on GMA Barangay Dos on ABS-CBN Katapat, Fred Lim on ABS-CBN Pahina on ABS-CBN Bayani on ABS-CBN Pinoy Exposèd on ABS-CBN GMA Love Stories on GMA Kahit Na Magtiis on GMA What Went Wrong? on GMA SBN Live on SBN 21 Niño Felipin on ABS-CBN Pura sangre on ABS-CBN January 1: Myx February 5 - Juan Karlos Labajo and actor March 21 - Cherryz Mendoza, singer May 24 - Darren Espanto, singer August 23 - Zaijian Jaranilla, actor October 18 - Carlos Dala, actor October 3: Ricky Belmonte – Actor November 7: Nida Blanca – Actress November 23: Maria Teresa Carlson – Actress 2001 in television