The Time Warner Center is a mixed-use building complex in Columbus Circle, New York City. It was developed by The Related Companies and AREA Property Partners, designed by David Childs and Mustafa Kemal Abadan of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill; the Time Warner Center consists of two 750 foot twin towers bridged by a multi-story atrium containing upscale retail shops. The complex contains office and residential tenants. Construction began in November 2000, following the demolition of the New York Coliseum, a topping-out ceremony was held on February 27, 2003; the property had the highest-listed market value in New York City, $1.1 billion, in 2006. Constructed as the AOL Time Warner Center, the building encircles the western side of Columbus Circle and straddles the border between Midtown and the Upper West Side; the total floor area of 2.8 million square feet is occupied by office space, including the offices of WarnerMedia and an R&D center for VMware. The Shops at Columbus Circle is an upscale shopping mall located in a curving arcade at the base of the building, with a large Whole Foods Market grocery store on the lower level.
Deutsche Bank will replace WarnerMedia as the anchor tenant of the 1,100,000-square-foot office area beginning in 2021, at which time it will be renamed the Deutsche Bank Center. The redevelopment of the New York Coliseum site at Columbus Circle was first proposed in 1985, it was delayed for nearly 15 years after Mortimer Zuckerman's Boston Properties won a bidding contest to buy the property from the New York Coliseum's owners, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The company proposed to construct a headquarters for Salomon Brothers on the 4.5-acre Coliseum site. Opponents of the project were concerned. In 1988, the sale was nullified and Salomon Brothers withdrew from the project. New York City and Boston Properties renegotiated the deal to call for a 52-story structure designed by David Childs at a reduced price of $357 million; the plan still languished until 1998 when the Coliseum site was sold to Time Warner and The Related Companies for $345 million. The Coliseum was demolished in 2000.
The Time Warner Center was the first major building to be completed in Manhattan after the September 11 attacks, although it was under construction at the time of the attacks in 2001. While some New Yorkers noted the uncanny resemblance of the Time Warner Center to the fallen Twin Towers, the building's developer refuted any intentional similarity. GMAC agreed to provide a $1.22 billion senior loan along with $200 million in mezzanine financing for the project, believed to be the largest construction financing for a real estate development in New York City at the time. CalPERS and MacFarlane Partners purchased a 49.5% stake in the retail space, the office space not occupied by AOL Time Warner, the center's parking structure. The development was opened in phases in 2003. At the end of 2003, Credit Suisse First Boston provided $620 million to refinance part of the development's construction loan; the Sunshine Group was in charge of marketing the building. Sandie N. Tillotson bought the top floor of the uncompleted north tower for $30 million shortly after the September 11 attacks — a record for a condominium at the time.
That sale would be eclipsed in 2003 when Mexican financier David Martinez paid $54.7 million for a penthouse condo a record for New York residential sales. In January 2014, Time Warner sold its stake in the Columbus Circle building for $1.3 billion to Related Companies, the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, GIC Private Limited and formally announced it would move in early 2019 to 30 Hudson Yards, a development owned by Related. The companies funded the purchase of the office space with a five-year, $675 million mortgage from Deutsche Bank and Bank of China. In May 2018, Deutsche Bank announced that it was leasing the entire 1,100,000-square-foot occupied by Time Warner for 25 years, beginning in the third quarter of 2021. Following the news, Related Companies announced that the complex would be renamed the Deutsche Bank Center upon the company's arrival. In May 2019, Related refinanced the office portion of the development with a $1.1 billion loan from Wells Fargo. After announcing plans to drastically reduce its overseas activities in mid-2019, it was questioned whether Deutsche Bank would use the whole office area as planned.
The Time Warner Center has 55 floors. The top floor is labeled as the 77th floor. A multistory cable-net wall serves as the entrance to the atrium where the center's two 55-story towers intersect. Spanning 98 feet across and 160 feet high, the cable structure was the largest in North America at the time of its completion; the building has several street addresses, including 10 Columbus Circle for offices, 25 Columbus Circle for the south tower, named "One Central Park" and 80 Columbus Circle for The Residences at Mandarin Oriental. The address One Central Park West, belongs to the Trump International Hotel and Tower across Broadway. Upon the completion of the Time Warner Center, Trump made a "little joke" at the Time Warner Center's expense by hanging a large sign on his building gloating, "Your views aren’t so great, are they? We have the real Central Park views and address."The building has an entrance to the 59th Street–Columbus Circle station of the New York City Subway near Columbus Circle's south end.
The center has ground floor tenants including designer restaurants. On February 5, 2004, Whole Foods Market opened its 68,000 square feet Columbus Circle store in the Time Warner Center
Theodore Brewster Taylor was an American theoretical physicist concerning nuclear energy. His higher education includes a PhD from Cornell University in theoretical physics. Although Taylor is unknown to the public, his most noteworthy contributions to the field of nuclear weaponry were his small bomb developments at the Los Alamos Laboratory in New Mexico, he is credited with numerous landmarks in fission nuclear weaponry development, including having developed the smallest, most powerful, most efficient fission weapons tested by the US. Though Taylor was not considered a brilliant physicist from a calculative viewpoint, his vision and creativity allowed him to thrive in the field; the part of Taylor's career was focused on nuclear energy instead of weaponry, included his work on Project Orion, nuclear reactor developments, anti-nuclear proliferation. Ted Taylor was born in Mexico City, Mexico on July 11, 1925, his mother and father were both Americans. His father had been a widower with three sons.
He married Barbara in 1922, a widow with a son of her own. Taylor's four older half brothers were old enough that Ted was raised as an only child. Both of his maternal grandparents were Congregationalist missionaries in Guadalajara. Taylor grew up in a house in Cuernavaca which had no electricity and was on the street corner of Atlixco 13, his home was religious. It was filled with literature atlases and geographies, which he would read by candlelight; this interest followed him into adulthood. Taylor showed interest in chemistry pyrotechnics, when he received a chemistry set at the age of ten; this fascination was enhanced when his neighborhood, Atlixco 13, added a chemistry laboratory that served a small and exclusive university in the area. Through the lab Taylor had access to items from local druggists that otherwise would not have been available; these items included corrosive chemicals, explosive chemicals, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, which allowed him to conduct his own experiments. Taylor looked at the 1913 New International Encyclopedia, which contained extensive chemistry, for new concoctions to make.
These included sleeping drugs, small explosives, guncotton and many more. His mother was tolerant of his experimentation but prohibited any experiments that involved nitroglycerin, he attended the American School in Mexico City from elementary school through high school. Taylor had a passion for music and in the mornings before school he would sit for an hour and listen to his favorite songs, he finished the fourth through sixth grades in one year. Being an accelerated student, Taylor found himself three years younger than all of his friends as he emerged into his teens. Taylor graduated early from high school in 1941 at the age of 15. After graduation he left Mexico to attend the Exeter Academy in New Hampshire for one year while he waited to meet the age requirements for universities in America. While at the Academy he developed an interest in physics, though he displayed poor academic performance in his courses. At Exeter he took Modern Physics, taught by Elbert P. Little, a teacher, admired at the university.
Elbert P. Little gave Taylor a grade D on his final winter term examination. Shortly after he confirmed that he wanted to be a physicist. Apart from education, he developed an interest in throwing discus at Exeter; this interest continued into his college career. He enrolled at the California Institute of Technology in 1942 and spent his second and third years in the Navy V-12 program; this accelerated his schooling and he graduated with a bachelor's degree in physics from the university in 1945 at nineteen years old. After graduation, he attended the midshipman school at Throgs Neck, in Bronx, New York for one year to fulfill his naval active duty requirement. By the end of his time in the Navy he had received the status of Junior Grade Lieutenant; the Navy let him out in mid-1946, he enrolled in a graduate program in theoretical physics at the University of California at Berkeley. During his graduate schooling, Taylor worked part-time at the Berkeley Radiation laboratory on the cyclotron and a beta-ray spectrograph.
After failing an oral preliminary examination on mechanics and heat, a second prelim in modern physics in 1949, Taylor was disqualified from the graduate program. Taylor married Caro Arnim in 1948 and had five children in the following years- Clare Hastings, Katherine Robertson, Christopher Taylor, Robert Taylor, Jeffrey Taylor. Caro Arnim was majoring in Greek at Scripps College, a Liberal Arts University in Claremont California; the drive from the California Institute of Technology was a short commute, so Taylor went down to visit her whenever he could. Both Caro and Taylor were shy people, unsure of what the future held; when they first met they both believed that Taylor would be a college professor in a sleepy town, that Caro would be a librarian. After 44 years of marriage the couple divorced in 1992. Taylor gained acceptance into a physics PhD program at the University of Cornell in 1953 and completed it in 1954. At Cornell, Taylor maintained his childhood passion for music and had his room equipped with a speaker system.
Janki Van is forestry project developed under Gujarat Forestry Development Project by Social Forestry department, Gujarat. Janki Van is located at Bhinar village, Vansda tehsil, Navsari district, India; the Forest Department of Gujarat State maintains the Janki Van. This park developed for environmental protection, nurture-breeding of forestry conservation, tourist place and wild herb-grown up, etc. Plantation areas in this park are named as Ashok Van, Panchvati Van, Sindoori Van, Chandan Van, Rashi-Nakshatra Van, Navgrah Van, Dashmul Van, Bili Van and Aushadi Van. Visitors can know about each tree at an interpretation centre, it is believed. According to the Newspaper, the tourists would get complete information about the plants and about tribal culture and Yoga at the interpretation centre. Janki Van remains closed on Monday for maintenance. In normal days, 10 AM to 6 PM, depending on the sunlight. On the celebration of 66th Forest festival of Gujarat state Janki van was inaugurated on August 2, 2015 by Chief Minister Anandiben Patel.
This park has 15.66 hectare area containing various type species of forest plant, interpretation centre, tribal hut, kid park etc. This park situated between Vansda-Chikhali main road. Unai is 6 km away from this place is nearest narrow gauge railway station on Waghai to Billimora route.. According to the Newspaper, the tourists would get complete information about the plants and about tribal culture and Yoga at the interpretation centre. Janki Van remains closed on Monday for maintenance. In normal days, 10 AM to 6 PM, depending on the sunlight. Vansda National Park Purna Wildlife Sanctuary about Janki van 20.80°N 73.34°E / 20.80.