Time Warner Center

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Time Warner Center
Time Warner Center May 2010.JPG
Time Warner Center
Time Warner Center is located in Manhattan
Time Warner Center
Time Warner Center is located in New York
Time Warner Center
Time Warner Center is located in the US
Time Warner Center
Location within Manhattan
General information
Status Complete
Location 10 Columbus Circle,
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates 40°46′07″N 73°58′59″W / 40.768735°N 73.982938°W / 40.768735; -73.982938Coordinates: 40°46′07″N 73°58′59″W / 40.768735°N 73.982938°W / 40.768735; -73.982938
Construction started November 2, 2000
Completed 2003
Opening October 4, 2003
Owner Time Warner
Height
Roof 750 ft (230 m)
Technical details
Floor count 55[1]
Design and construction
Architect David Childs, Mustafa Kemal Abadan of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill
Structural engineer WSP Cantor Seinuk
Cosentini Associates

Time Warner Center is a mixed use (office/commercial and residential) twin-tower building[2][3] in New York City. Developed by The Related Companies and AREA Property Partners (formerly known as Apollo Real Estate Advisors), its design by David Childs and Mustafa Kemal Abadan of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill,[4] consists of two 750 feet (230 m) twin towers bridged by a multi-story atrium containing upscale retail shops. Construction began in November 2000, following the demolition of the New York Coliseum, and a topping-out ceremony was held on February 27, 2003, the property had the highest-listed market value in New York City, $1.1 billion, in 2006.[5] Originally constructed as the AOL Time Warner Center, the building encircles the western side of Columbus Circle and straddles the border between Midtown and the Upper West Side. The total floor area of 2.8 million square feet (260,000 m2) is occupied by office space (notably the offices of Time Warner and an R&D Center for VMware), residential condominiums, and the Mandarin Oriental, New York hotel. The Shops at Columbus Circle is an upscale shopping mall located in a curving arcade at the base of the building, with a large Whole Foods Market grocery store on the lower level.

History[edit]

The top of the towers as seen from Tenth Avenue

Construction was delayed for nearly 15 years after Mortimer Zuckerman's Boston Properties initially won a bidding contest to buy the property from the New York Coliseum's owners, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Boston proposed to build two 63-story buildings to be designed by Moshe Safdie on the 4.5-acre (18,000 m2) Coliseum site in 1985. Unsuccessful competitors for the site included Donald Trump who proposed building a 137-story, 1,600-foot (490 m) high building which would have been the world's tallest at the time.[6]

Boston's winning bid was $455 million for the site and intended to construct a headquarters for Salomon Brothers, the building ran into intense opposition (including most prominently Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis) who were concerned it would cast a shadow on Central Park. In 1988, a New York court ruled that the building violated the city's own zoning ordinances and nullified the sale.[7] About the same time, Salomon Brothers withdrew from the project.[8] New York City and Boston Properties renegotiated the deal to call for a 52-story structure with a reduced price of $357 million for the site. Boston tapped David Childs to redesign the building.

The plan still languished until 2000 when the Coliseum was finally demolished, the Time Warner Center was the first major building to be completed in Manhattan after the September 11 attacks, although it was already under construction in 2001. While some New Yorkers noted the uncanny resemblance of the Time Warner Center to the fallen Twin Towers, the building's developer disclaimed to the press any intentional similarity.[9]

The Sunshine Group was in charge of marketing the building. Sandie N. Tillotson bought the top floor of the then uncompleted north tower for $30 million shortly after the September 11 attacks — a record for a condominium at the time,[10] that sale would be eclipsed in 2003 when Mexican financier David Martinez paid $54.7 million for a penthouse condo, then a record for New York residential sales.

In January 2014, Time Warner sold its stake in the Columbus Circle building for $1.3 billion to Related Companies and two wealth management funds and formally announced it would move in late 2018 to 30 Hudson Yards, a development owned by Related.[11]

Design[edit]

The Center, which now has 55 floors, advertises the building as having 77 levels.[12]

A multistory cable-net wall serves as the entrance to the atrium where the center's two 55-story towers intersect. Spanning 98 feet (30 m) across and 160 feet (50 m) high, the cable structure was the largest in North America at the time of its completion.[13]

The lobby and shops in Time Warner Center

The building has several street addresses, including 10 Columbus Circle for offices, 25 Columbus Circle for the south tower that was named "One Central Park" and 80 Columbus Circle for The Residences at Mandarin Oriental, the address One Central Park West, meanwhile, belongs to the Trump International Hotel and Tower across Broadway. Upon the completion of the Time Warner Center, Trump made a "little joke" at the Time Warner Center’s expense by hanging a large sign on his building gloating, "Your views aren’t so great, are they? We have the real Central Park views and address."[14]

The building has an entrance to the 59th Street – Columbus Circle station of the New York City Subway near Columbus Circle's south end.[15]

Tenants[edit]

The center has ground floor tenants including designer shops and restaurants,[16] on February 5, 2004, Whole Foods Market opened its 68,000 square feet (6,300 m2) Columbus Circle store in the Time Warner Center.[17] In 2005, the wine shop in the store closed after the store pleaded no contest to state charges of illegal operation. Whole Foods planned to replace the center with an expanded coffee bar, a gelato counter, and additional checkout lines.[18] Upper floors include the restaurants Masa, Per Se and Porter House New York.

The complex is also home to three entertainment areas. CNN's studios in the Time Warner Center, are one of the network's three primary broadcast sites (along with facilities in Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles). Shows which originate from the New York facility include Anderson Cooper 360° and Erin Burnett OutFront. CNN's Jeanne Moos, known for her offbeat "man on the street" reporting, frequently accosts her interview subjects just outside the building; in 2005, Jazz at Lincoln Center announced a partnership with XM Satellite Radio which gave XM studio space at Frederick P. Rose Hall to broadcast both daily jazz programming and special events such as the Artist Confidential show featuring Carlos Santana.[19][20] Anderson Cooper's daytime talk show, Anderson recorded in Jazz at Lincoln Center's The Allen Room for a year before moving elsewhere.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "Time Warner Center North Tower". Emporis. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  2. ^ Cuozzo, Steve (November 16, 2013). "Don't trust anything on Wikipedia". New York Post. Retrieved November 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Time Warner Center Towers (New York City)". Waymarking. June 7, 2009. 
  4. ^ Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (1995), The Encyclopedia of New York City, New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 0300055366 , p.1319
  5. ^ Chan, Sewell; Rivera, Ray (January 13, 2007). "Property Values in New York Show Vibrancy". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ "10 Columbus Circle". Emporis.com. 
  7. ^ Lueck, Thomas J. (December 8, 1987). "Judge in New York Strikes Down Sale of Coliseum's Site". The New York Times. 
  8. ^ Scardine, Albert (January 4, 1988). "New Yorkers & Co.; Developer vs. Himself Over Coliseum Project". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ Inside the Time Warner Center, Newsday, Feb. 19, 2004
  10. ^ Newman, William (February 20, 2005). "BIG DEAL; $30 Million Buys Raw Space Atop Time Warner Tower". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  11. ^ Bagli, Charles V. (January 16, 2014). "Time Warner Is Planning a Move to Hudson Yards". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  12. ^ "Time Warner Center Condominium Apartments". Wired New York. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Time Warner Center". Enclos. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  14. ^ Overington, Caroline (November 29, 2003). "Gotham agog as plutocrats stage battle of the towers". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. 
  15. ^ Google (September 12, 2015). "Time Warner Center" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  16. ^ Kusisto, Laura. "It's Free to Look: 25 Columbus Circle". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  17. ^ "Columbus Circle". Whole Foods Market. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  18. ^ Fabricant, Florence. "Whole Foods's Wine Shop Closes at Columbus Circle." The New York Times. May 24, 2005. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  19. ^ "XM Satellite Radio to Open New Studios at World-Renowned Jazz at Lincoln Center in New York City" (PDF) (Press release). Jazz at Lincoln Center. May 19, 2005. Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  20. ^ "Santana - XM & Jazz at Lincoln Center". All About Jazz. November 10, 2005. 

Further reading

  • Dirk Stichweh: New York Skyscrapers. Prestel Publishing, Munich 2009, ISBN 3-7913-4054-9.

External links[edit]