Alexander Joseph "Lex" Luthor is a fictional supervillain appearing in publications by the publisher DC Comics. The character was created by Joe Shuster. Lex Luthor first has since endured as the archenemy of Superman. Introduced as a mad scientist whose schemes Superman would foil, Lex's portrayal has evolved over the years and his characterisation has deepened. In contemporary stories, Lex is portrayed as a wealthy, power-mad American business magnate, ingenious engineer, philanthropist to the city of Metropolis, one of the most intelligent people in the world. A well-known public figure, he is the owner of a conglomerate called LexCorp, he is intent on ridding the world of the alien Superman, whom Lex Luthor views as an obstacle to his plans and as a threat to the existence of humanity. Given his high status as a supervillain, however, he has come into conflict with Batman and other superheroes in the DC Universe; the character has traditionally lacked superpowers or a dual identity and appears with a bald head.
He periodically wears his Warsuit, a high-tech battle suit giving him enhanced strength, advanced weaponry, other capabilities. The character was introduced as a diabolical recluse, but during the Modern Age, he was reimagined by writers as a devious, high-profile industrialist, who has crafted his public persona in order to avoid suspicion and arrest, he is well known for his philanthropy, donating vast sums of money to Metropolis over the years, funding parks and charities. The character was ranked 4th on IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time and as the 8th Greatest Villain by Wizard on its 100 Greatest Villains of All Time list. Luthor is one of a few genre-crossing villains whose adventures take place "in a world in which the ordinary laws of nature are suspended". Scott James Wells, Sherman Howard, John Shea, Michael Rosenbaum, Jon Cryer have portrayed the character in Superman-themed television series, while Lyle Talbot, Gene Hackman, Kevin Spacey, Jesse Eisenberg have portrayed the character in major motion pictures.
Clancy Brown, Powers Boothe, James Marsters, Chris Noth, Anthony LaPaglia, Steven Blum, Fred Tatasciore, Jason Isaacs, Kevin Michael Richardson, Mark Rolston, John DiMaggio, James Woods and Rainn Wilson, others have provided the character's voice in animation adaptations. In his first appearance, Action Comics #23, Luthor is depicted as a diabolical genius and is referred to only by his surname, he resides in a flying city suspended by a dirigible and plots to provoke a war between two European nations. Lois Lane and Clark Kent investigate. Luthor battles Superman with a green ray but Luthor is defeated by Superman, Lois is rescued. Superman destroys Luthor's dirigible with him still on it, implying Luthor may have died, although stories ending with Luthor's apparent death are common in his earliest appearances. Luthor returns in Superman #4 and steals a weapon from the U. S. Army, capable of causing earthquakes. Superman battles and defeats Luthor, the earthquake device is destroyed by Superman.
The scientist who made the device commits suicide to prevent its reinvention. In a story in the same issue, Luthor is shown to have created a city on the sunken Lost Continent of Pacifo and to have recreated prehistoric monsters, which he plans to unleash upon the world. Superman thwarts his plans, Luthor appears to have been killed by the dinosaurs he created. Luthor returns in Superman #5 with a plan to place hypnotic gas in the offices of influential people, he intends to throw the nation into a depression with the help of corrupt financier Moseley, but the story ends with Superman defeating him. In these early stories, Luthor's schemes are centered around financial gain or megalomaniacal ambitions. Luthor's obsessive hatred of Superman came in the character's development. In Luthor's earliest appearances, he is shown as a middle-aged man with a full head of red hair. Less than a year however, an artistic mistake resulted in Luthor being depicted as bald in a newspaper strip; the original error is attributed to Leo Nowak, a studio artist who illustrated for the Superman dailies during this period.
One hypothesis is that Nowak mistook Luthor for the Ultra-Humanite, a frequent foe of Superman who, in his Golden Age incarnation, resembled a balding, elderly man. Other evidence suggests Luthor's design was confused with that of a stockier, bald henchman in Superman #4; the character's abrupt hair loss has been made reference to several times over the course of his history. When the concept of the DC Multiverse began to take hold, Luthor's red-haired incarnation was rewritten as Alexei Luthor, Lex's counterpart from the Earth-Two parallel universe. In 1960, writer Jerry Siegel altered Luthor's backstory to incorporate his hair loss into his origin. In 1944 Lex Luthor was the first character in a comic book to use an atomic bomb; the United States Department of War asked this story line be delayed from publication, which it was until 1946, to protect the secrecy of the Manhattan Project. The War Department asked for dailies of the Superman comic strip to be pulled in April 1945 which depicted Lex Luthor bombarding Superman with the radiation from a cyclotron.
Luthor vanished for a long time, coming back in Superboy #59 (Sept. 19
Clayface is an alias used by several fictional supervillains appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Most incarnations of the character possess clay-like bodies and shape-shifting abilities, all of them have been depicted as adversaries of the superhero Batman. In 2009, Clayface was ranked as IGN's 73rd Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane, the original Clayface appeared in Detective Comics #40 as a B-list actor who began a life of crime using the identity of a villain that he had portrayed in a horror film that he had starred in. In the late 1950s, Batman began facing a series of science fiction-inspired foes, including Matt Hagen, a treasure hunter given vast shapeshifting powers and resiliency by exposure to a pool of radioactive protoplasm, who became the second Clayface, he retained the title for the next several decades of comic book history. In the late 1970s, Preston Payne became the third Clayface. A scientist suffering from hyperpituitarism, Preston Payne used the second Clayface's blood to create a cure for his condition, but instead became a clay-like creature that needed to pass his new condition on to others to survive.
Sondra Fuller of Strike Force Kobra used the terrorist group's technology to become the fourth Clayface known as Lady Clay. She formed the Mud Pack with the third Clayfaces. During this era, the original Clayface used the DNA of Payne and Fuller to become the Ultimate Clayface. Sometime after the Mud Pack event and Fuller had a son named Cassius "Clay" Payne, who, as the fifth Clayface had metahuman shapeshifting powers. In a 1998 storyline, Dr. Peter Malloy used a sample of Cassus Payne's skin to become a Claything when he was introduced in Batman #550. In 2002, the Todd Russell version of Clayface was introduced in Catwoman vol. 3, #4, in 2005, the Johnny Williams version of Clayface was introduced in Batman: Gotham Knights #60. The original version of Clayface, Basil Karlo, first appeared in Detective Comics #40, he is a B-list actor, driven insane when he hears that a remake of the classic horror film he had starred in, Dread Castle, would be shot without him acting in the film though he is to be one of the advising staff.
Donning the costume of Clayface, a villain he once played in a different movie, he begins killing the actors playing characters he killed in the order and way they die in the film, along with someone who knew his identity. Last, he plans to murder the actor playing the Clayface killer, he is foiled by Robin. He reappears, he once targets Bruce Wayne's fiancée, Julie Madison. Once again, the Dynamic Duo foil his plans. A movie buff, Batman co-creator Bob Kane states that the character was inspired by the 1925 Lon Chaney, Sr. version of The Phantom of the Opera and that the name of the character came from a combination of Boris Karloff and Basil Rathbone. Karlo returns twice more in the Silver Age of Comics to battle Batman, in Batman #208 and Detective Comics #496. In the Post-Crisis continuity, Karlo languishes in a prison hospital, when the current Clayface Sondra Fuller visits him out of curiosity. Karlo proposes an alliance between all living Clayfaces to kill Batman, he arranges for a small piece of the remains of Matt Hagen to be gathered to make him a post-mortem member of the "Mud Pack", as the group called itself.
Though the "Mud Pack" is defeated, Karlo injects himself with blood samples from Preston Payne and Sondra Fuller, gaining the abilities to shapeshift and melt with a touch. He is defeated by the combined efforts of Batman and Looker of the Outsiders by overloading his abilities, making him melt into the ground, he sinks into the Earth's crust when he loses control of his powers. Karlo escapes his underground prison, he captures Batman and is about to kill him, but he gets into a feud with Mr. Freeze about who has a right to kill the Caped Crusader. Using that distraction, Batman soundly defeats both of them. During the "No Man's Land" storyline, Karlo holds Poison Ivy, in charge of producing fresh vegetables for the remaining people in the city, prisoner in Robinson Park. After she is freed from her prison by Batman, Poison Ivy battles and defeats Karlo, sinking him deep into the ground, it appears that the Ultimate Clayface is destroyed in this battle, but he resurfaces as a member of the Secret Society of Super Villains.
He seeks to increase his formidable powers by absorbing Wonder Woman, giving him an amount of powers that border on invulnerability. While he is successful in absorbing some of the heroine's powers, causing her to regress to a teenage appearance resembling Donna Troy, he is returned to normal when Wonder Woman and Donna were able to trick Clayface into entering a train carriage with Wonder Woman while she was disguised as Donna, Donna subsequently using the Lasso of Truth to swing the carriage around and turn it into a mystical centrifuge, causing the clay Clayface had taken from Wonder Woman to split away from him and re-merge with Wonder Woman due to the differences between the two types of clay. Basil Karlo is among the members of the Injustice League and is among the villains seen in Salvation Run, he can be seen as a member of Libra's Secret Society of Super Villains. In the second issue of Final Crisis, he triggers an explosion at the Daily Planet under Libra's orders w
Doctor Fate is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character has appeared in various incarnations, with Doctor Fate being the name of several different individuals in the DC Universe who are a succession of sorcerers; the original version of the character was created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Howard Sherman, first appeared in More Fun Comics #55. More Fun Comics #55 introduced the first Doctor Fate in his own self-titled six page strip. After a year with no background, his alter ego and origins were shown in More Fun Comics #67. Doctor Fate's love interest Inza was known variably throughout the Golden Age as Inza Cramer, Inza Sanders, Inza Carmer, amended to Inza Cramer in the Silver Age; when the Justice Society of America was created for All Star Comics #3, Doctor Fate was one of the characters National Comics used for the joint venture with All-American Publications. He made his last appearance in the book in issue #21 simultaneously with the end of his own strip in More Fun Comics #98.
Aside from the annual JSA/JLA team-ups in Justice League of America, DC featured the original Doctor Fate in other stories through the 1960s and 1970s, including a two-issue run with Hourman in Showcase #55–56, two appearances with Superman in World's Finest Comics and DC Comics Presents. The character featured in a series of back-up stories running in The Flash from #306 to #313 written by Martin Pasko and drawn by Keith Giffen. In 1985, DC collected the Doctor Fate back-up stories from The Flash, a retelling of Doctor Fate's origin by Paul Levitz, Joe Staton, Michael Nasser published in Secret Origins of Super-Heroes, the Pasko/Simonson Doctor Fate story from 1st Issue Special #9, a Doctor Fate tale from More Fun Comics #56, in a three-issue limited series titled The Immortal Doctor Fate. Following 1985's Crisis on Infinite Earths, Doctor Fate joined the Justice League. A Doctor Fate limited series was released soon afterwards, which changed the character's secret identity. DC began a Doctor Fate ongoing series by J.
M. DeMatteis and Shawn McManus in winter of 1988. William Messner-Loebs became the series’ writer with issue #25; when the series ended with issue #41, DC replaced the existing Doctor Fate with a new character, Jared Stevens. Stevens was introduced in a self-titled series called Fate, launched in the wake of Zero Hour in 1994, cancelled after 23 issues in September 1996; the character starred in The Book of Fate, which ran from February 1997 to January 1998 for twelve issues as part of DC's "Weirdoverse" imprint. In 1999, the revival of the Justice Society in JSA allowed the character to be reworked again. In addition to appearing in JSA, DC published a self-titled, five-issue limited series in 2003; the character was killed in the Day of Vengeance limited series in 2005 as part of the lead in to the 2005 company-wide event story, Infinite Crisis. In early 2007, DC published a bi-weekly run of one-shots depicting the search for a new Doctor Fate; these were intended to be followed by a new Doctor Fate ongoing series in April 2007, written by Steve Gerber and illustrated by Paul Gulacy, featuring the new Doctor Fate.
However, the series was delayed due to creative difficulties. Steve Gerber said in an interview for Newsarama that the story intended for the first arc of the Doctor Fate ongoing series had been reworked to serve as the main story for Countdown to Mystery, a dual-feature eight-issue miniseries with Eclipso as the second feature; the first issue of Countdown to Mystery, with art by Justiniano and Walden Wong rather than Gulacy, was released in November 2007. Due to Steve Gerber's death, the seventh issue was written by Adam Beechen using Gerber's notes; the final issue was written by Beechen, Gail Simone, Mark Waid, Mark Evanier, who each wrote a different ending to the story. The character appeared in the Reign in Hell miniseries and in Justice Society of America #30, featuring in the book until its cancellation with #54 in August 2011. Following the events of the Flashpoint mini-series in 2011, DC's continuity was rebooted; as part of The New 52 initiative, a new Doctor Fate named Khalid Ben-Hassin was created by writer James Robinson and artist Brett Booth.
The character was featured in the Earth 2 ongoing series from #9 onwards. After the conclusion of the Convergence limited series in June 2015, DC launched a new Doctor Fate ongoing series, written by Paul Levitz and drawn by Sonny Liew; the title focused on the newest Doctor Fate, an Egyptian-American medical student named Khalid Nassour. The series ran for 18 issues from June 2015 to November 2016; the Kent Nelson version of Doctor Fate was featured in the Dark Nights: Metal event, where he assists the Justice League in defeating the Dark Nights. He forms a search team with Wonder Woman and Hawkgirl to find Nth Metal in the Rock of Eternity, where he is killed by Black Adam. In 1920, archaeologist Sven Nelson and his son Kent go on an expedition to the Valley of Ur. While exploring a temple discovered by his father, Kent opens the tomb of Nabu the Wise and revives him from suspended animation, accidentally releasing a poisonous gas which kills Sven. Nabu takes pity on Kent and teaches him the skills of a sorcerer over the next twenty years before giving him a mystical he
Black Condor is the super hero name used by three different fictional characters in the DC Comics universe. All three incarnations of Black Condor have been members of the Freedom Fighters and each has been featured in Freedom Fighter comic books published by DC Comics; the first Black Condor, Richard Grey Jr. was created by Quality Comics writer Will Eisner and artist Lou Fine. He moved to the DC universe; the first Black Condor was a World War II era super hero along with the rest of the Freedom Fighters. The second Black Condor, Ryan Kendall, gained the power of flight due to genetic manipulation and did not believe he was a super hero, he would join the Freedom Fighters, but was killed at the beginning of the Infinite Crisis storyline. The third Black Condor, John Trujillo, is of Mayan descent and was given his powers by the Mayan Spider Goddess Tocotl. Seeing himself as a protector of the universe he joins forces with the Freedom Fighters. A Golden Age superhero who possessed the power of flight, the Black Condor was created by writer Will Eisner under the pseudonym Kenneth Lewis, artist Lou Fine in Crack Comics #1.
Alternating with the Clock as the cover-featured character, he became the solo cover feature from issues #20-26. His feature continued to run through issue #31; as an infant traveling with his parents on an archaeological expedition thorough Outer Mongolia, Richard Grey Jr. survived after his family was killed by the bandit Gali Kan and his men. Rescued by a condor who raised him as her own, he learned to fly, as the origin story stated, by "studying the movement of wings, the body motions, air currents and levitation" of his avian siblings. A mountain hermit, Father Pierre discovered and civilized the feral child, taught him to speak English. Richard tracked down and killed the Mongolian bandits who had killed his parents and departed for the United States where he uncovered a plot to kill United States Senator Thomas Wright, he was too late to save Wright from assassination, so began to use his identity. He adopted the guise of Black Condor to fight crooked politicians, rum-running bootleggers, racketeers.
In the DC Comics universe his power was retconned to being caused by exposure to a radioactive meteor. Here he met Uncle Sam and joined his group the Freedom Fighters, the All-Star Squadron, he was among a group of Golden and Silver Age heroes who helped the JLA repel an Appellaxian invasion in the JLA: Year One mini-series by Mark Waid. He appeared more as an ethereal spirit guide in the pages of Ryan Kendall's Black Condor series; the second Black Condor, Ryan Kendall, derived his powers of flight and healing from the genetic experiments of his grandfather, Creighton. A member of an organization called the Society of the Golden Wing and his allies had been attempting to create a man who could fly. After numerous attempts, Kendall was the only success. Kendall rebelled and escaped from his grandfather, who made frequent attempts to recapture the youth in order to study and reproduce his abilities. A mysterious telekinetic who kept to himself, Ryan Kendall was adamant when he first appeared as the Black Condor that he was not a super-hero.
However, time proved him wrong, he fought alongside other super-heroes, notably Primal Force and the Justice League. He went to Opal City, where he felt much at home. In his solo adventures, Kendall sought out Hawkman in hopes of gaining insight into the role of a superhero, he helps in his battle against the Post-Zero Hour Lion-Mane. In Infinite Crisis #1, Kendall, as part of the Freedom Fighters, was killed by a powerful beam fired by Sinestro in an ambush by the Secret Society of Super Villains. In Nightwing #140, a mystery villain, Creighton Kendall who gave him his powers, resurfaces in an attempt to resurrect his evil Golden Wing Society. In Blackest Night crossover, Ryan was reanimated as a member of the Black Lantern Corps. Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters #3 introduced a new Black Condor named John Trujillo whose home turf is the Arizona desert. John was given the hereditary powers of the Black Condor by a Mayan Spider Goddess. Trujillo sees himself as a protector of the universe, he first appears when he single-handedly rescues Uncle Sam and the other Freedom Fighters, defeated by agents of S.
H. A. D. E.. Trujillo is serious and seems somewhat uncomfortable interacting with other people. In issue #6, he rebuffs romantic overtures by the Phantom Lady assuming she does not mean it; the full extent of the new Black Condor's powers remains unrevealed. He can fly at high speeds, control the winds, may possess moderate superhuman strength and speed; the first Black Condor has the mutant ability to fly, although no limits are known as to speed, duration or altitude. Sometime after arriving on Earth-X, it became apparent that his mutant powers included limited telekinesis abilities, most notably mind-over-matter. At times, the Black Condor carries a ray gun, the origin of, unknown; when used, it fires a black force beam of adjustable power capable of stunning a man or breaking a brick wall. He is a skilled hand-to-hand combatant and an Olympic level athlete The second Black Condor possessed a talent for Telekinesis which he used to fly, as well as limited empathic abilities and a rapid healing rate.
The third Black Condor has so far only demonstrated the abilities of flight and wind/air-current control, but has been credited by Tocotl as an elemental of the sky and the earth. He has a moderate
Red Bee (comics)
The Red Bee is the name of two fictional superheroes. The debuted in the Golden Age of Comics when he first appeared in Hit Comics #1, published in July 1940 by Quality Comics; the character was obtained by DC Comics in 1956. This version of the character has since fallen into public domain; the second, written as the grandniece of the original, first appeared in Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters #5. The Red Bee's secret identity is assistant district attorney in Superior City, Oregon, his superhero modus operandi is to put on a red and yellow costume and, with his trained bees and "stinger gun," fight Nazis and gangsters. His favorite bee is named lives inside his belt buckle for use in special circumstances, he has a series of adventures which lasts all the way until issue #24. The character never became popular, was forgotten until reappearing in DC Comics' All-Star Squadron. In the'Squadron', it is learned he was killed by the Nazi supervillain Baron Blitzkrieg while saving the lives of Hourman and other allies.
The group Freedom Fighters was formed out of the Squadron and the Red Bee was made an honorary member. Red Bee appears as a ghost in the pages of Starman; the focus of this appearance is a dinner party attended by many deceased heroes. Other heroes in attendance include Hourman; the topic discussed is the intense appeal of the superhero life. Other post-Crisis appearances include a cameo in Animal Man in which the character resides in a canceled characters' "limbo", in Bizarro Comics, where he and his agent attempt to improve his marketability, he is mentioned by Plastic Man as having been a friend and drinking buddy in an issue of JLA. Rick's grandniece, takes up the mantle of the Red Bee, she uses two robotic bees that can fire electricity. She assists the group in fighting S. H. A. D. E. An evil governmental organization, she soon learns that the leader of the Freedom Fighters, Uncle Sam, has assisted with the development of her technology. She decides to fight with the group. Moments after this, she sees the death of the Invisible Hood, another ally, killed by a S.
H. A. D. E.-influenced Ray. Over the course of Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters vol. 2, Jenna is mutated by an alien insect colony into a human/insect hybrid, with enhanced physical abilities, pheromone production capabilities, antennae on her head. However, her mind is completely circumvented by the mutation. After trying to colonize the entire Earth, she is cured of her affliction when Lanford Terrill uses his new Neon powers to destroy the insect influence. By the series' end, Jenna feels guilt over her actions, she eschews the superhero life to continue her work in the research field. Richard Raleigh had no superpowers but carried a special "Stinger Gun" and he specialized in the use of trained bees. Jenna Raleigh possesses a human/insect biology which grants her enhanced physical attributes, pheromone production and the ability to "mark" people for tracking, she wore a mechanized battle suit which granted her enhanced strength and flight and used two large robotic bees that could fire electricity blasts.
In the Peter Bogdanovich screwball comedy movie She's Funny That Way, several characters refer to Rhys Ifans' character, an actor named Seth Gilbert, as having played a character named "Red Bee Man" in five movies. The character is said to have "puffy sleeves" and a "trained bumble bee in his belt buckle." Red Bee appears in comic Teen Titans Go #3. Red Bee I Index Red Bee I Profile
Shazam is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by both Fawcett Comics and DC Comics. Djimon Hounsou played Shazam, in the theatrical film. Created in the 1940s by Bill Parker and C. C. Beck for Fawcett Comics, he is an ancient wizard who gives young Billy Batson the power to transform into the superhero Captain Marvel. Since 1973, DC Comics has billed Captain Marvel's adventures under the title Shazam!. In 2012, DC changed Captain Marvel's name to "Shazam", to resolve trademark conflicts with the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Both the wizard and his champion shared the name of "Shazam" in the comic book stories published from to date, the Wizard revealing "Shazam" is an adopted name, his original name being Mamaragan. Shazam informs Billy that he is an ancient Egyptian wizard, using his powers for many centuries to fight the forces of evil, but that he is now old and not long for this world, he therefore passes along part of his power to Billy, who shouts his name – "SHAZAM!" – to transform into Captain Marvel/Shazam.
Although Shazam is killed, as prophesied, by a giant granite block falling on him, Billy/Captain Marvel/Shazam can summon the ghost of Shazam for guidance by lighting a special brazier in Shazam's lair. More superheroes soon joined the superhero Shazam in carrying on the legacy of the wizard Shazam, including Shazam Family members Mary Marvel and Captain Marvel Jr. Shazam tells that once, 5,000 years before, he gave powers to Black Adam, but Black Adam was killed while turning back to his regular self, he died due to his advanced age. When Billy first meets him, Shazam tells Billy; each letter empowers him with certain attributes: S The wisdom of Solomon. The wizard's name was Shazamo, the last letter standing for the hero of magic, Oggar. However, Oggar tried to take power from Shazamo; the wizard cursed him to live in the world of mortals. He was given cloven hooves as a sign of his inner evil, could cast each magic spell only once. Shazamo dropped the last letter of his name. In a story written by E. Nelson Bridwell for World's Finest Comics #262, Shazam's origins are further explored.
This gave him a backstory in which he was a young shepherd who becomes the Champion, one of the world's first superheroes in ancient Canaan, over 5,000 years ago. By speaking the magic word "VLAREM!", he gained the power of the following fictional gods: At one point, the Champion is seduced by a demoness disguised as a beautiful woman, the two of them conceive two half-demon offspring and Satanus, much to the displeasure of the gods. The Champion creates the Rock of Eternity from two large rock formations – one from Heaven and one from Hell – to hold the Three Faces of Evil, a dragon-like demon, captive. Shazam trapped demons of the Seven Deadly Sins in statues of themselves and imprisoned them at the Rock of Eternity. Many centuries the Champion, now going by the name of "Shazam", feels the need to pass along his powers to a successor, he selects the pharaoh's son Teth-Adam to receive the power to become the superpowered Mighty Adam by speaking the word "SHAZAM!" However, Blaze interferes with this succession and Adam is given powers from the following deities instead: S The stamina of Shu.
As her mother did, Shazam's daughter Blaze takes on the form of a beautiful woman and seduces Adam, convincing him to kill the pharaoh and take over the kingdom. An angry Shazam draws Mighty-Adam's powers out of him and into a large jeweled scarab, thereby killing Adam as he ages to death. Shazam seals his remains and the amulet in a tomb. A wicked reincarnation of Teth-Adam named Theo Adam would steal the scarab many centuries and use the power of Shazam to become Black Adam. Shazam was upset by this, did not consider passing on his powers for millennia; the wizard resurfaces as an aide on the 1940 Malcolm Expedition, one of many archaeological expeditions into the tombs and pyramids of ancient Egypt. The sarcophagi of Ibis the Invincible and his mate Princess Taia are uncovered and brought to the United States. Shazam follows the sarcophagi and, once they are on display at the Fawcett City Museum, uses ancient spells to resurrect Ibis. Ibis joins Bulletman, Spy Smasher, Minute-Man, others to fight evil during the World War II era.
In 1955, a thug causes him to lose his memory. A clueless Shazam wanders around Fawcett for the next forty years until C. C. Batson, a young man Shazam had met on the Malcolm Expedition, recognizes the old man and brings him to the museum to restore his memory. Shazam feels that he has found his successor in the upstanding Batson, but before he can act on this, a possessed Theo Adam murders Batson and his wife Marilyn for the magic amulet, he therefore decides to enlist C. C. Batson's young son, Billy, as the successor to his power. In the Marvel Family series he was shown in some early issues carving the Marvel Family adventures into the Rock of Eternity. In Superman #216, Shazam calls upon the Spectre to free Superman from being controlled by the demon Eclipso; this action breaks a covenant between Eclipso and the Spectre, sets Eclipso permanently at odds with the wizard. Possessing the body of Jean Loring, the Atom's ex-wife, Eclipso corrupts the confused Spectre into joining forces with her, begins a war ag
Manhunter is the name given to several different fictional characters appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. They are depicted as antiheroes. None of these are to be confused with the better-known DC Comics superhero called the Martian Manhunter, sometimes addressed as "Manhunter"; the first of DC's Manhunters was a non-costumed independent investigator, Paul Kirk, who helped police solve crimes during the early 1940s. Though the series was titled "Paul Kirk, Manhunter", Kirk didn't use the Manhunter name as an alias, he appeared in Adventure Comics #58–72. Beginning with Adventure Comics #73, Joe Simon and Jack Kirby established a new Manhunter, Rick Nelson, big game hunter turned crimefighter. Though he was a different character than the first DC Manhunter, the name Rick Nelson was changed to Paul Kirk in Adventure Comics #74 by an unknown editor; the Simon/Kirby team left the feature after #80, November 1942, although Kirby wrote a few more scripts. The Paul Kirk Manhunter appeared in Adventure Comics until #92 in June 1944, when wartime paper shortages caused DC to drop page counts and thus his strip.
This version of the character reappeared as reprint in back-up stories of New Gods, a series penciled by Kirby. Kirk decides to become a crimefighter when his friend, Empire City police inspector Donovan, was murdered by the supervillain known as the Buzzard, he wore a superhero-like red costume with a blue mask. While he had no superpowers, he possessed superior tracking skills. Although Dan Richards and Paul Kirk never met in Golden Age stories, because they were published by different companies, they have been retconned in DC continuity as having met, arguing over who should get the Manhunter name, they resolved the dilemma by joining different teams: Dan Richards became a member of the Freedom Fighters, while Paul Kirk stayed as a member of the All-Star Squadron. Many years in 1973, the names of Manhunter and Paul Kirk were resurrected in a story by Archie Goodwin and Walt Simonson in Detective Comics #437 Simonson noted that: He had this idea for doing a back-up story for Detective Comics which he was editing.
He was going to do a lead Batman story and have an eight-page short story in the back. He thought he would try to do him in a way that contrasted with Batman. While Batman was dark and grim and urban, this would be a guy in brighter colors and the whole world would be his stage. Where Batman was more or less an empty hand combatant, this guy would carry weaponry. Contrary to popular belief, although the name was chosen as an acknowledgement of the 1940s character, it was not the original intent of the creators for this to be the same character; this link was established within the series to provide backstory within the limited eight-page structure. Kirk carried and used three weapons: a Bolo Mauser, a Katar, two shuriken "throwing stars"; these are carried by Kirk on the chest. Said Simonson of his costume design, "I did a bunch of preliminary designs and I think Archie thought my first costume was a little complex, but I did a bunch of variations, they were just simpler and not as good, so we went with the original design.
The only difference was I’d given him nine throwing stars. Archie wanted to include martial arts in the strip and I came across something that said nine was a mystical number in some of the martial arts cultures, but somewhere along the way I realized that drawing nine throwing stars in every damn panel was going to be a big problem. So we fixed that!"Paul Kirk was killed by an elephant on safari in the 1940s, but his body was cryogenically preserved and resurrected by the Council, a secret society dedicated to saving the human race from dangers such as nuclear war and overpopulation. After his return from death, Kirk is given a healing factor devised by a geneticist-member of the Council, he was the genetic source for many clones, which the Council intends to use as their paramilitary arm, with the original Paul Kirk as their leader. To test Kirk's loyalty, the Council assigns him to kill an Interpol official while refusing to explain how this mission advances their stated goal of helping mankind.
When Kirk tries to warn the agent instead, a group of clones attempts to kill him. Realizing that the Council have been corrupted by power warped from idealists into ruthless fanatics, Kirk begins to hunt down them and their agents. Manhunter kills all nine members of the Council, deliberately sacrificing his life to do so. Interpol agent Christine St. Clair and Nitobe hunt down his remaining clones; the 1970s Paul Kirk/Manhunter stories appeared as 8-page backups in Batman's Detective Comics, at the time going through an incarnation as a "100-Page Super Spectacular" featuring reprints of non-Batman stories. Only with the last episode of the series did Manhunter move to the front of the book, in a full-length team-up with Batman; the stories were all written by Goodwin, were the breakout work for future fan favorite artist Simonson. Simonson said that the distinctively dense layouts and breakdowns for many of the early Manhunter stories were done by Goodwin. Goodwin's work on Manhunter, in which he both updated an obscure Golden Age hero, and, in the series' last episode, took the daring approach of killing him off is well regarded by both fans and other comics professio